Findings on Happiness and HOUSING

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and HOUSING
Subject Code: H15

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
H15HOUSING1
H15aaHousing-career0
H15aa01Earlier housing5
H15aa02Change in housing6
H15aa03Later housing0
H15abCurrent dwelling4
H15ab02Type of current dwelling19
H15ab01aHouse owned or rented52
H15ab03Quality of current dwelling37
H15ab03aQuality of house23
H15ab03bQuality of housing estate3
H15adAttitudes to housing3
H15ad01Concern about housing4
H15ad02Satisfaction with housing75
H15acCost of housing6
H15ab03dOwn room at home1
H15ab03eSurface of house9
H15ab03cFacilities in the house8
H15aa02aChange from rent to owner2
H15ab01Ownership of current dwelling4
H15ab01bKind of ownership1
H15aa02bChange to legal ownership1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and HOUSING
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=H15
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and HOUSING
Subject code: H15

StudyMorawetz (1977): study IL 1976
TitleIncome Distributions and Self-Rated Happiness: Some Empirical Evidence.
SourceThe Economic Journal, 1977, Vol. 87, 511 - 522
PublicAdults, two villages (one equal in incomes, one unequal), Israel, 1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =109

Correlate
Author's labelrooms per house
Page in Source 518
Our classificationHOUSING, code H15
Operationalization
Number of rooms per house
Observed distributionM= 3,9 (rooms)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=-.27 ns
B controlled for:
- years lived in moshav
- religion
- place of birth
- age
- sex
- education
- not married
- rooms per house
- rooms per person
- telephone
- no car
- agricultural work
- income per standard adult
- Moshav
Unaffected by kind of community
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=-.28 ns
B controlled for the above variables with income 
left out


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier housing
Subject code: H15aa01

StudyAmbrey et al. (2013): study AU Queensland 2000
TitleEstimating the Cost of Air Pollution in South East Queensland: An Application of the Life Satisfaction Non-Market Valuation Approach.
SourceAARES Paper, 2013, Sydney, Australia
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913003479
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.11.007
Public+45 aged general public, South East Queensland, Australia, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =923

Correlate
Author's labelLiving years
Page in Source 18.20
Our classificationEarlier housing, code H15aa01
Operationalization
Number of  years the respondent has resided at their 
current address
Observed distributionMean=7.8111; SD=9.7892

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.00 ns
OPRC) controlled for
- Personal characteristics
 - Age
 - Gender
 - Aboriginal identity
 - Immigrant
 - English ability
 - Marital status
 - Parent status
 - Number of children
 - Health condition
 - Education levels
 - Employment status
 - Household income (ln)
 - Importance of religion
 - Others present
 - Personality
 - Major city
 - Local status
-Environment
 - SEIFA index
 - PM10 (?g/m3)
 - Humidity (%)
 - Rainfall (mm)
 - Temperature (°C)
 - Wind speed (meters/second)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier housing
Subject code: H15aa01

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelProperty tenure
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationEarlier housing, code H15aa01
Operationalization
Selfreport on years of property tenure
Observed distributionM = 11.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.00 p < .05
B controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
 -homeownership property status
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.00 ns
B additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.00 ns
B additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.00 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier housing
Subject code: H15aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHousing situation at age 1
Page in Source 118
Our classificationEarlier housing, code H15aa01
Operationalization
Housing situation at age 1 as reported in medical file
A: own home, good
B: own home, poor
C: rented room
D: living in with family
Observed distributionN: A:2455, B:560, C:46, D:73

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
A: Mt=7.76
B: Mt=7.76
C: Mt=7.61
D: Mt=7.88
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
A: Mt=7.45
B: Mt=7.37
C: Mt=7.01
D: Mt=7.64
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
A: Mt=7.08
B: Mt=6.99
C: Mt=6.84
D: Mt=6.83
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier housing
Subject code: H15aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelFamily situation at age 1
Page in Source 118-120
Our classificationEarlier housing, code H15aa01
Operationalization
Family situation at age 1 as reported in medical file
a: lives with parents
b: lives with mother
c: lives with foster parents
d: lives with relatives
Observed distributionN: all:3836, a:3134, b:533, c:4, d:57,
Remarks
The answer-catagories in the book were transformed to 
only family-situation- catagories(a,b,c,d)
For the other information from the book, see the 
finding about Housing situation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
a: Mt=7.76
b: Mt=7.61
c: Mt=7.50
d: Mt=7.50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
a: Mt=7.44
b: Mt=7.24
c: Mt=7.50
d: Mt=7.24
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
a: Mt=7.06
b: Mt=6.83
c: Mt=6.25
d: Mt=6.80


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier housing
Subject code: H15aa01

StudyVanSluijs (2004): study NL 1987
TitleEffecten van Levenslooptransities op de Tevredenheid van Jong Volwassenen. (Effects of Lifecourse Transition on Satisfaction of Adolescents).
SourceMaster thesis, University Tilburg, 2004, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vansluijs_J_2004.pdf
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 30, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36,6% (baseline)
Respondents N =836

Correlate
Author's labelYears since left parental home
Page in Source 62
Our classificationEarlier housing, code H15aa01
Operationalization
Years since leaving parental home
Remarks
Family situation assessed at:
T1: 1987 when aged 18 to 26
T2: 1989 when aged 20 to 28
T3: 1991 when aged 22 to 30
T4: 1995 when aged 26 to 34
T5: 1999 when aged 30 to 34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.03 p < .05
B controlled for personal characteristics:
- age
- age²
- gender 
- education
- cohort 1965 vs cohort 1961
- cohort 1969 vs cohort 1961
- mental health
- neuroticism
lifecourse transitions:
- no job
- left parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
and years since transition
- no job
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=+.05 ns
B additionally controlled for above years since 
transition squared


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in housing
Subject code: H15aa02

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelHome ownership
Page in Source 176,179,181
Our classificationChange in housing, code H15aa02
Operationalization
1 New home owners (experimental group)
0 Continuous renters (control group)
Remarks
Selection of respondents in a home ownership program 
with an experimental group of low income home buyers 
and a control group of renters. Home buyers at T1 are 
the home owners at T2.
T1-T2 interval: 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faDM=+ p < .001
                 T1 before   T2 after   CHANGE
                 purchase of home
New home owners: M = 4.02    M = 4,34   +0,32
Renters:         M = 3,98    M = 3,90   -O,08
- difference        +0,04       +0,44
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faBeta=+.25 p < .05
T1-T2 CHANGE happiness after purchase of home: T2 
happiness by T2 home ownership,controlling for:
- T1 happiness(to indicate CHANGE in happiness)
- Social background:
  - Age
  - Sexe 
  - Marital status 
  - Education
  - Income
  - Occupational status
 Housing situation:
  - Condition of the house
  - Housing type 
  - Satisfaction with neighborhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in housing
Subject code: H15aa02

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978 /1
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, followed 25 months 1978-1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction with House
Page in Source 53
Our classificationChange in housing, code H15aa02
Operationalization
Single question on satisfaction with  your house/flat, 
scored on a 1-9 rating scale.
Remarks
Both Happiness (ABS) and satisfaction with housing were 
assessed at T1 and T2 (25 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with housing
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with house
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- sex life
- health
- leisure
- friends
- self-fulfillment
- standard of living


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in housing
Subject code: H15aa02

StudyWunder (2008): study DE 1985
TitleAdaptation to Income over Time: A Weak Point of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSOEP Paper no 130, 2008, DIW, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp130.html
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 21 years, 1985-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23757

Correlate
Author's labelHome owner
Page in Source 8+17
Our classificationChange in housing, code H15aa02
Operationalization
Home owner: 1 if yes, 0 if no
Observed distributionMean: 0.511; SD: 0.500

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.02 ns
Last year CHANGE in happiness (T - T-1) by CHANGE 
in home ownership

b controlled for:
- Household income
- Household size
- Years of education
- Marital status
- Employment status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in housing
Subject code: H15aa02

StudyRudolf & Cho (2011): study KR 1998
TitleThe Gender-Specific Effect of Working Hours on Family Happiness in South Korea.
SourceCourant Research Centre, Discussion Papers no. 77, 2011, Göttingen, Germany
URLhttp://www.uni-goettingen.de/crc-peg
PublicWorking aged, South-Korea, followed 10 years 1998-2008
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25461

Correlate
Author's labelOwn house
Page in Source 21
Our classificationChange in housing, code H15aa02
Operationalization
1 own house
0 other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e
CHANGE happiness by CHANGE housing.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb-fix=+.08 p < .01
Wives
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb-fix=+.09 p < .01
Husbands

b-fix controled for:
- houshold head
- spouse
- year of survey


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in housing
Subject code: H15aa02

StudyVanSluijs (2004): study NL 1987
TitleEffecten van Levenslooptransities op de Tevredenheid van Jong Volwassenen. (Effects of Lifecourse Transition on Satisfaction of Adolescents).
SourceMaster thesis, University Tilburg, 2004, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vansluijs_J_2004.pdf
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 30, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36,6% (baseline)
Respondents N =836

Correlate
Author's labelLeft parental home
Page in Source 67,68
Our classificationChange in housing, code H15aa02
Operationalization
Change in housing situation: left parental home
Observed distributionN for who this transition took place between different periods < T1= 693, T1-T3=403, T3-T4=56, T3-T5 or T4-T5=34, Total=1226
Remarks
Housing situation assessed at:
T1: 1987 when aged 18 to 26
T2: 1989 when aged 20 to 28
T3: 1991 when aged 22 to 30
T4: 1995 when aged 26 to 34
T5: 1999 when aged 30 to 34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=
B's denote CHANGE in happiness following CHANGE in 
housing in individuals (fixed effects)
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.11 ns
B controlled for private life course transitions:
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.11 ns
B controlled for public life course transitions:
- first paid job
- no job
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.09 ns
additional control for years since transition:
- first paid job
- no job
- leaving parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.09
B additionally controled for above transition 
variables squared


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in housing
Subject code: H15aa02

StudyEvans & Huxley (2005): study GB 1999
TitleAdaptation, Response-shift and Quality of Life Ratings in Mentally Well and Unwell Groups.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1719 - 1732
DOIDOI:10.1007/s 1136-005-1742-I
Public18-65 aged, differing in mental health, followed 2 years, UK, 1999-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-ResponseNon-response at T1: 83% Drop-out at T2: 50%)
Respondents N =1912

Correlate
Author's labelChange in home ownership
Page in Source 1729
Our classificationChange in housing, code H15aa02
Operationalization
A  Became a home owner
   0 no
   1 yes

B  Home ownership ceased
   0 no
   1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=+.14 ns
Became a home owner
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=-.18 ns
Home ownership ceased


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change from rent to owner
Subject code: H15aa02a

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study US Baltimore, Maryland 1989
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
Public18+ aged, heads of low-income households, Baltimore city, United States, followed 18 months, 1989
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelForm of tenure
Page in Source 181
Our classificationChange from rent to owner, code H15aa02a
Operationalization
0: renter
1: buyer

Renters received monthly rent subsidies, while buyers 
received a one-time subsidy in the form of an 
eleven-thousand-dollar silent second mortgage.
Remarks
T1-T2 lag: 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.25 p < .01
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness, by T2 form of tenure.

Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- demographic characteristics
  - age
  - sex
  - marital status
  - education
  - income
- occupational status
- housing condition
- neighborhood satisfaction
- housing type


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change from rent to owner
Subject code: H15aa02a

StudyRohe & Basolo (1997): study US Baltimore, Maryland 1989
TitleLong-Term Effects of Homeownership on the Self-Perceptions and Social Interaction of Low-Income Persons.
SourceEnvironment and Behavior, 1997, Vol. 29, 793 - 819
URLhttp://eab.sagepub.com/content/29/6/793
DOIDOI: 10.1177/0013916597296004
Public18+ aged, heads of low-income households, Baltimore city, United States, followed 36 months, 1989-1991
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelChange to owner
Page in Source 809
Our classificationChange from rent to owner, code H15aa02a
Operationalization
0: renter
1: buyer
Remarks
In T1, half of the sample participated in homeownership 
program, the others continued to rent and to receive 
Section 8 rental assistance.
T1-T3 lag: 36 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.23 p < .01
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness at T3, by T3 form of 
tenure.

Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- Demographic characteristics
  - age
  - sex
  - marital status
  - education
  - income
- occupational status
- housing condition
- neighborthood satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change to legal ownership
Subject code: H15aa02b

StudySerpa Barros de Moura & De Losso da Silveira Beuno (2013): study BR São Paulo 2007
TitleLand Title Program in Brazil: Are there any Changes to Happiness?
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics , 2013, Vol. 45, 196 - 203
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2013.04.007
DOIDoi:10.1016/j.socec.2013.04.007
Public18+ aged, illigal land occupants, followed 18 months after legalization, Brazil 2007-2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =326

Correlate
Author's labelLegalization of land ownership
Page in Source 202
Our classificationChange to legal ownership, code H15aa02b
Operationalization
0: not participated in the land ownership program (no 
title)
1: participated in the land ownership program (title)
Remarks
In 2007, the government of Brazil implemented a Land 
titling program in a poor neighborhood of Osasco. Land 
property rights were given to all households that have 
illigally built their houses on municipality land, 
lefalizing the situation of those dwellings.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaOPRC=+ p < .01
CHANGE in happiness, by legalization of settlement

Predicted probabilities:
                Title            No title
Higher level    16%               3%
Same level      74%              66%
Lower level     10%              31%
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-bOPRC=+ p < .01
Predicted probabilities:
                Title            No title
Higher level    18%               6%
Same level      71%              70%
Lower level     11%              24%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of bedrooms
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationCurrent dwelling, code H15ab
Operationalization
Number of bedrooms in current dwelling
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.02 ns
B and OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B and OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelUrban (residence)
Page in Source 139,147
Our classificationCurrent dwelling, code H15ab
Operationalization
0: rural
1: urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bDM=+
Individual happiness by place of residence

1 Urban:     M = 2,85 
0 Rural:     M = 2,69 
-difference     +0,16



1998-2008; respondents are 65 or older.
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.16 p < .01
Individual happiness by place of residence

OPRC (+0,155)) controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate

-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Living arrangement
 -Age (groups)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab

StudyBiswas-Diener & Diener (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2005
TitleThe Subjective-Well-Being of the Homeless, and Lessons for Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 76, 185 - 205
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-8671-9
PublicHomeless people, Calcutta (India), Fresno & Portland (USA), 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response19
Respondents N =186

Correlate
Author's labelTemporary
Page in Source 197
Our classificationCurrent dwelling, code H15ab
Operationalization
Homeless people living in:
a: USA: Fresno, clients of service for homeless
b: USA Portland, self governing tent camp named 
'Dignity Village
c: India: Calcutta pavement dwellers
Observed distributionN = a: 78, b; 41, c: 67

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-cDM=
USA:  a: M = -0,24
      b: M = +0,67
India c: M = +0,46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab

StudyOswald et al. (2007): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleRelationships Between Housing and Healthy Aging in Very Old Age.
SourceThe Gerontologist, Vol. 47, No. 1, 96 - 107
Public75-89 aged, living alone in urban districts, five European nations 2002-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1918

Correlate
Author's labelHousing Variable Set
Page in Source 99-100, 102
Our classificationCurrent dwelling, code H15ab
Operationalization
A. Environmental barriers 
It was operationalized as the number of environmental 
barriers in the home and assessed by Housing Enabler 
Instrument: 
A. Outdoor Environment
a: General
1. Narrow paths (less than 130 cm) 
2. Irregular walking surface 
b: Parking
c:Seating places
Other features
B. Entrances
This item refers to stairs, ramps and lifts outdoors in 
the immediate vicinity of the entrance or in 
stairwells.
A: general
B: stairs
.
.
.
For each environmental barrier item, the instrument 
included predefined severity ratings as points (1-4) 
quantifying the severity of the accessibility problems 
predicted to arise in each case. 
1: potential accessibility problem
4: very severe accessibility problem

B. Magnitude of Accesibilty Problems 
On the basis of the assessments of Step 1 and 2 of 
Housing Enabler Instrument with a use of a complex 
matrix including the predefined severity ratings from 1 
to 4, the profile of the functional limitations 
identified for each person is juxtaposed with the 
environmental barriers present in the home environment. 
The sum of all the predefined points is used to 
calculate a score that indicates the magnitude of 
accessibility problems caused by a particular 
combination of functional limitations and environmental 
barriers.

C.Physical Environmental Aspects 
It was operationalized as the support level of physical 
environment of the home for the performance activities. 
It was measured by Usability in My Home Questionnaire 
(Fange & Iwarsson, 1999).Physical Environmental Aspects 
 subscale included 6 items: 
-in terms of how you normally manage your washing up,
.
.
. 
-to what extent is the home environment suitably 
designed?
(Scored as 1-5)
Full text is not reported.

D.Activity Aspects 
It was operationalized as the support level of physical 
environment of the home for the performance of 
activities. It was measured by Usability in My Home 
Questionnaire (Fange & Iwarsson, 1999). Activity 
Aspects subscale included 4 items such as "How usable 
do you feel that the entrance of your home is?"
Full text is not reported.

E.Behavioral Aspects
Behavioral aspects of housing was assessed by 6 items 
of Meaning of Home questionnaire:
a. living in a place which is well-designed and geared 
to my needs
b. managing things without the help of others
c. being familiar with my immediate surroundings
d. feeling safe
e. meeting family, friends and acquaintances
f. having to live in poor housing conditions
g. having a nice view
h. doing everyday tasks (e.g. housework)
i. being bored
j. knowing my home like the back of my hand
k. living in a place where I can get no support or help 
from others
l. living in a place that is comfortable and tastefully 
furnished
m. being able to change or rearrange things as I please
n. being ale to relax
o. feeling that the home has become a burden
p. not having to accommodate anyone's wishes but my own
q. thinking about the past (e.g. important persons and 
events)
r. enjoying my privacy and being undisturbed
s. being excluded from social and community life
t. having a base from which I can pursue activities
u. no longer being able to keep up with the demands of 
my home (e.g. maintenance)
v. thinking about what living here will be like in the 
future
w. feeling comfortable and cozy
x. being able to receive visitors
y. being confined to the rooms (and things) inside the 
home
z. being able to do whatever I please
aa. feeling lonely
ab. Having a good relationship with the neighbors
Scored 0-10, from 'strongly disagree' to 'strongly 
agree'

F. Physical Aspects
Physical aspects of housing was assessed by 7 items of 
Meaning of Home questionnaire:
a. living in a place which is well-designed and geared 
to my needs
b. managing things without the help of others
c. being familiar with my immediate surroundings
d. feeling safe
e. meeting family, friends and acquaintances
f. having to live in poor housing conditions
g. having a nice view
h. doing everyday tasks (e.g. housework)
i. being bored
j. knowing my home like the back of my hand
k. living in a place where I can get no support or help 
from others
l. living in a place that is comfortable and tastefully 
furnished
m. being able to change or rearrange things as I please
n. being ale to relax
o. feeling that the home has become a burden
p. not having to accommodate anyone's wishes but my own
q. thinking about the past (e.g. important persons and 
events)
r. enjoying my privacy and being undisturbed
s. being excluded from social and community life
t. having a base from which I can pursue activities
u. no longer being able to keep up with the demands of 
my home (e.g. maintenance)
v. thinking about what living here will be like in the 
future
w. feeling comfortable and cozy
x. being able to receive visitors
y. being confined to the rooms (and things) inside the 
home
z. being able to do whatever I please
aa. feeling lonely
ab. Having a good relationship with the neighbors
Scored 0-10, from 'strongly disagree' to 'strongly 
agree'

G.Cognitive-Emotional Aspects
Cognitive-emotional aspects of housing was assessed by 
10 items of Meaning of Home questionnaire:
a. living in a place which is well-designed and geared 
to my needs
b. managing things without the help of others
c. being familiar with my immediate surroundings
d. feeling safe
e. meeting family, friends and acquaintances
f. having to live in poor housing conditions
g. having a nice view
h. doing everyday tasks (e.g. housework)
i. being bored
j. knowing my home like the back of my hand
k. living in a place where I can get no support or help 
from others
l. living in a place that is comfortable and tastefully 
furnished
m. being able to change or rearrange things as I please
n. being ale to relax
o. feeling that the home has become a burden
p. not having to accommodate anyone's wishes but my 
own. thinking about the past (e.g. important persons 
and events)
q. enjoying my privacy and being undisturbed
r. being excluded from social and community life
s. having a base from which I can pursue activities
t. no longer being able to keep up with the demands of 
my home (e.g. maintenance)
u. thinking about what living here will be like in the 
future
v. feeling comfortable and cozy
w. being able to receive visitors. being confined to 
the rooms (and things) inside the home
x. being able to do whatever I please
y. feeling lonely
z. having a good relationship with the neighbors
Scored 0-10, from 'strongly disagree' to 'strongly 
agree'

H. Social Aspects
Social aspects of housing was assessed by 5 items of 
Meaning of Home questionnaire:
a. living in a place which is well-designed and geared 
to my needs
b. managing things without the help of others
c. being familiar with my immediate surroundings
d. feeling safe
e. meeting family, friends and acquaintances
f. having to live in poor housing conditions
g. having a nice view
h. doing everyday tasks (e.g. housework)
i. being bored
j. knowing my home like the back of my hand
k. living in a place where I can get no support or help 
from others
l. living in a place that is comfortable and tastefully 
furnished
m. being able to change or rearrange things as I please
n. being ale to relax
o. feeling that the home has become a burden
p. not having to accommodate anyone's wishes but my own
q. thinking about the past (e.g. important persons and 
events)
r. enjoying my privacy and being undisturbed
s. being excluded from social and community life
t. having a base from which I can pursue activities
u. no longer being able to keep up with the demands of 
my home (e.g. maintenance)
v. thinking about what living here will be like in the 
future
w. feeling comfortable and cozy
x. being able to receive visitors
y. being confined to the rooms (and things) inside the 
home
z. being able to do whatever I please
aa. feeling lonely
ab. Having a good relationship with the neighbors
Scored 0-10, from 'strongly disagree' to 'strongly 
agree'

I. Housing Related External Control Beliefs

Housing-related control beliefs assessment was assessed 
by Housing-Related Control Beliefs Questionnaire:

a. Internal Control:
aa: I am able to set up my apartment/house in 
accordance with my own personal tastes and ideas.
ab: It is up to me whether or not I make use of nearby 
support services and community facilities that could 
make my life easier.
ac: In my apartment/house, everything is going to stay 
just as it is for I do not care what anybody says.
ad: It is up to me to keep myself informed about new 
developments regarding age-friendly homes and home 
modification. 
ae: It is up to me whether or not I attend cultural 
events in my area or visit beautiful sections of my 
neighborhood.
af: I could not possibly trade the neighborhood I live 
in for another.
ag: It is up to me who helps me in or around my 
apartment/house.
ah: I am able to set up my apartment/house in 
accordance with my own personal tastes and ideas. 

b.External Control: Powerful Other
ba: I rely to a great extent upon the advice of others 
when it comes to helpful improvements to my 
apartment/house/
bb: Whether or not I will be able to stay in my 
apartment/house will probably depend on other persons.
bc: In order to do anything interesting or nice outside 
of my apartment/house, I must rely on others.
bd: I feel myself to be dependent upon others in order 
to use the support services and community facilities in 
my area.
be: When other persons offer to help me (e.g., with 
housekeeping) in or around the apartment/house, I 
cannot say no. bf: Others have told me how to arrange 
furnishing in my apartment/house. 
bg: I listen to the advice of others when they tell me 
not to change anything in my apartment/house.
Bh: other people are to blame if my apartment/house is 
not a place where I can enjoy life.

c. External Control: Chance:
ca: Having a nice place is all luck. You cannot 
influence it; you just have to accept it.
cb: It is purely a matter of luck whether or not my 
neighbors help in an emergency or not.
cc: Whether or not I can stay in my apartment/house 
depends on fortunate circumstance. 
cd: You just have to live with the way your 
apartment/house is; you cannot do anything about it. 
ce: Chance has pretty much determined where and how I 
live.
cf: It is a matter of luck whether or not I will be 
able to pursue my current manner of living in this 
apartment/house in the future.
cg: The way my apartment/house has been set up is 
something that has more or less occurred on its own 
over the years. 
Ch: Whether or not there are support services or 
community facilities in my neighborhood is a matter of 
luck.

J.Housing Satisfaction
Self report on question:
Are you happy with the condition of your home?
Rated as 
1 (definitely not satisfied) to 5 (yes, definitely 
satisfied)
Remarks
Housing Enabler Instrument (Iwarsson and Slaug, 2001) 
was administrated in three steps. First, personal 
component of accessibility measured through interview 
and observation and covering both functional 
limitations (13 items) and dependence on mobility 
devices (2 items). The second step was the assessment 
of the environmental component of accessibility that 
includes physical environmental barriers. This is a 
detailed observation assessing the presence or absence 
of environmental barriers in the home and the immediate 
outdoor environment (188 items). The third step is the 
calculation of the accessibility score.

Additional information on variable housing satisfaction 
was reported in  (Nygren et al., 2007)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.36 p < .001
Sweden
O-SLu-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.50 p < .001
Germany
O-SLu-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.47 p < .001
UK
O-SLu-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.64 p < .001
Hungary
O-SLu-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.29 p < .001
Latvia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ownership of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab01

StudyD'Ambrosio & Frick (2012): study DE 1992
TitleIndividual Wellbeing in a Dynamic Perspective.
SourceEconomica, 2012, Vol. 79, 284 - 302
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-0335.2011.00896.x/full
DOIdoi:10.1111/j.1468-0335.2011.00896.x
Public18+ aged general public, followed 15 years, 1992-2007, Germany
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184000

Correlate
Author's labelHomeowner
Page in Source 295
Our classificationOwnership of current dwelling, code H15ab01
Operationalization
Homeowner:
1) yes
0) no
Observed distributionM= 0.473; SD: 0.499

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.09 p < .01
b controlled for:
- age
- dummy east germany
- years of education
- number of children in household
- unemployment index
- marital status
- disablity
- unemployment status
- household member in need of care
- community size
- dummy for learning effect
- household income
- past household income
- social reference income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ownership of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab01

StudyTiefenbach & Kohlbacher (2011): study JP 2011
TitleHappiness from the Viewpoint of Economics.
SourceDeutsches Institut für Japanstudien, 2011, Tokyo, Japan
URLhttp:www.dijtokyo.org
Public15 -79 aged, Japan, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28,4%
Respondents N =3578

Correlate
Author's labelHomeowner
Page in Source 7
Our classificationOwnership of current dwelling, code H15ab01
Operationalization
0: non-homeowner
1: homeowner
Observed distributionN=3568; 0: 0,22; 1: 0,78
Remarks
N/A = 10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-fDM=+
0: non-homeowner  M = 6,17
1: homeowner      M = 6,54
difference           +0,37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ownership of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab01

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 396
Our classificationOwnership of current dwelling, code H15ab01
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
a: Living with owner
b: Rented from organization
c:  Rented from community
d: Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
Living with owner         M = 7,1
Rented from organization  M = 7,0
Rented from community     M = 7,3
Own home                  M = 7,7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
Living with owner         M = 6,7
Rented from organization  M = 6,7
Rented from community     M = 7,0
Own home                  M = 7,2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ownership of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab01

StudyOkulicz-Kozaryn et al. (2015): study US 2011
TitleLuxury Car Owners are not Happier than Frugal Car Owners
SourceInternational Review of Economics, 2015, Vol. 62, 121 - 141
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s12232-015-0223-2
Public18+ aged, general public, the US, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8907

Correlate
Author's labelDwelling ownership
Page in Source Table 1 & 3
Our classificationOwnership of current dwelling, code H15ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Do (you (or anyone else in your family living 
there)/they (or anyone else in the family living 
there}} own the (apartment/mobile home/home}, pay rent, 
or what?
a. own a dwelling (reference)
b. rent a dwelling
c. other than own/rent a dwelling

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.23 p < .001
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.34 p < .001
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's controlled for
-Car ownership
-Total family income
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.08 p < .01
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.20 p < .001
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's addtionally controlled for
-Number of children in household
-Health status
-Gender
-Marital status
-Age
-State dummy
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.18 p < .001
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.29 p < .001
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's controlled for
-Number of cars in household
-Total family income
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.07 p < .01
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.19 p < .001
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's addtionally controlled for
-Number of children in household
-Health status
-Gender
-Marital status
-Age
-State dummy
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.19 p < .001
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.27 p < .001
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's controlled for
-Car price
-Total family income
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.04 ns
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.13 ns
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's addtionally controlled for
-Number of children in household
-Health status
-Gender
-Marital status
-Age
-State dummy
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.19 p < .001
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.33 p < .001
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's controlled for
-Car price
-Total family income
-Year in which acquired first car
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.10 p < .05
Rent a dwelling                (vs own a dwelling)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=-.22 p < .05
Other than own/rent a dwelling (vs own a dwelling)

B's addtionally controlled for
-Number of children in household
-Health status
-Gender
-Marital status
-Age
-State dummy


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelHome ownership
Page in Source 176,179,181
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1 New home owners (experimental group)
0 Continuous renters (control group)
Remarks
Selection of respondents in a home ownership program 
with an experimental group of low income home buyers 
and a control group of renters. Home buyers at T1 are 
the home owners at T2.
T1-T2 interval: 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faDM=+ p < .001
                 T1 before   T2 after   CHANGE
                 purchase of home
New home owners: M = 4.02    M = 4,34   +0,32
Renters:         M = 3,98    M = 3,90   -O,08
- difference        +0,04       +0,44
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faBeta=+.25 p < .05
T1-T2 CHANGE happiness after purchase of home: T2 
happiness by T2 home ownership,controlling for:
- T1 happiness(to indicate CHANGE in happiness)
- Social background:
  - Age
  - Sexe 
  - Marital status 
  - Education
  - Income
  - Occupational status
 Housing situation:
  - Condition of the house
  - Housing type 
  - Satisfaction with neighborhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelHouse renter
Page in Source 433, 440
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Do you (or any other members of this household) own 
this home, rent it, or do you
live here rent free?
1: Renting
  a) Rent (or pay board) / Rent-buy scheme
  b) Live here rent free / Life Tenure
0: Own / currently paying off mortgage (reference)
Observed distributiona) 72%, b) 26%, c) 2%
Remarks
Signs were reversed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.17 p < .01
PAYING RENT (vs owner)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.13 p < .01
Females
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.25 p < .05
RENT-FREE (vs owner)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.05 ns
Females

OPRC's controlled for:
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved 
characteristics of the neighbourhood)
- age and age squared
- number of children
- marital status
- number of parents
- being an Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander
- immigrant status
- English speaking ability
- health
- level of education
- employment status
- household income
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1992
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1992
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1553

Correlate
Author's labelHome owner
Page in Source 13
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.05
ß controled for sex, age, education, and work 
status 


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study BE 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1145

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2000): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleCriminal Victimization and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 50, 245 - 295
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006930019814
PublicAdult general population, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response63%
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home vs rent
Page in Source 273
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1 own home or is buying home
0 rent home
Remarks
Sign changed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.12 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-er=+.14 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.14 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelHomeownership
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1. yes
0. no(reference)
Observed distribution1. 87.74%; 0. 12.26%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.21 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelHomeownership property status
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
What form of property is your home?
a. own partial homeownership property
b. own full homeownership property
c. own minor homeownership property
Observed distributiona. 70.44%; b. 15.37%; c. 7.21%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.26 p < .01
Own partial homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.19 p < .01
Own full homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.13 ns
Own minor homeownership properties

B’s controlled for
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.38 p < .01
Own partial homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.25 p < .01
Own full homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.18 p < .05
Own minor homeownership properties

B’s additionally controlled for
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.40 p < .01
Own partial homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.26 p < .01
Own full homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.17 p < .05
Own minor homeownership properties

B’s additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.39 p < .01
Own partial homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.24 p < .01
Own full homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.16 p < .05
Own minor homeownership properties

B’s additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.38 p < .01
Own partial homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.25 p < .01
Own full homeownership properties
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.15 p < .05
Own minor homeownership properties

B’s additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHome ownership
Page in Source 215,221
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1: owner
0: otherwise

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.79 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.11 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=0.85 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.10 ns
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- life domain satisfaction
- value priorities


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyKnight & Gunatilaka (2010): study CN 2002
TitleGreat Expectations? The Subjective Well-Being of Rural-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceWorld Development, 2010, Vol. 38, 113 - 124
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.03.002
Public16+ aged rural-urban migrants, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1930

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in own house
Page in Source 116
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Self-report on single question on property right of 
house:
1) Inherited/self-built/self-purchased
0) Otherwise
Observed distribution11% lives in self-owned house

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.04 ns
B controlled for:
- Future income expectations
- Gender
- Marital Status
- Interaction gender*marital status
- Education
- Financial assets
- Unemployment
- Working hours
- Health
- Duration of urban residence
- Regional income
- Living with family members
- Remittances
- Area of house
- Household income
- Heating
- Child left behind
- Number of friends/relatives in city


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study DK 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1182

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelApartment/house ownership
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0: non owner
1: owner
Observed distributionUrban:=81%; Rural= 91,3%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study FR 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelApartment/house ownership
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0: non owner
1: owner
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban:=26.6%; Rural= 83.0%; p<.001 Germany East: Urban:=25.0%; Rural= 81.3%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelHome ownership
Page in Source 125,127
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0:non owner
1:owner
Observed distribution1: West Germany: 83,1%; East Germany: 81,3%; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyObucina (2013): study DE 1994
TitleThe Patterns of Satisfaction Among Immigrants in Germany
Source Social Indicators Research, 113(3), 1105-1127.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-012-0130-9
Public18-65 aged general public, Germany, followed 16 years, 1994-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =209989

Correlate
Author's labelHousing ownership
Page in Source 1116
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Do you live in the flat as main tenant, subtenant, or 
owner?
1: owner
0: otherwise

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 p < .05
B controlled for:
- Relative deprivation
- Household income
- Household composition
- Age
- Gender
- Marital status
- Education
- Country of birth
- Employment status
- Living in West- vs East-Germany
- Savings
- Health
- Year controls


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyZumbro (2011): study DE 1992
TitleThe Relationship between Home-Ownership and Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceCAWN Discussion Paper no. 44, 2011, Münster, Germany
URLhttp://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/51372/1/672468557.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public,Germany 1992-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =279394

Correlate
Author's labelHomeownership
Page in Source 12,13,22
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1 - Homeowner
0 - Renter

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOR=1.16 p < .01
OR controlled for:
- region (E. or W. Germany)
- individual characteristics
  - age, age2
  - gender
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - education level
  - income
  - self rated health
  - disability
Home owners have a 16% higher chance of being 
happy than renters.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyWunder (2008): study DE 1985
TitleAdaptation to Income over Time: A Weak Point of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSOEP Paper no 130, 2008, DIW, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp130.html
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 21 years, 1985-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23757

Correlate
Author's labelHome owner
Page in Source 8+17
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Home owner: 1 if yes, 0 if no
Observed distributionMean: 0.511; SD: 0.500

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.02 ns
Last year CHANGE in happiness (T - T-1) by CHANGE 
in home ownership

b controlled for:
- Household income
- Household size
- Years of education
- Marital status
- Employment status


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyKozcan (2013): study DE 1984
TitleDoes integration increase life satisfaction?
SourceUnpublished Manuscript (No. 1314). Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
URLhttp://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe1314.pdf
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =71779

Correlate
Author's labelOwner house/apartment
Page in Source 11-12
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Do you live in the flat as main tenant, subtenant, or 
owner?
1: owner
0: (sub)tenant
Observed distribution1: 58%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.18 p < .01
CURRENT happiness by CURRENT house ownership
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.01 ns
CHANGE IN HAPPINESS BY CHANGE IN HOUSE OWNERSHIP

b's controlled for:
- Age
- Marital status
- Employed
- Works in occupation of training
- Schooling
- Household size
- Job insecurity

Unaffected by additional control for
- Gender
- Immigrant status


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study DE West Germany 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1305

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelApartment/house ownership
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0: non owner
1: owner
Observed distributionUrban = 95 %; Rural = 99,3 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHealy (2005): study IE 2002
TitleIn Each Other's Shadow. What Has Been the Impact of Human and Social Capital on Life Satisfaction in Ireland?
SourceThesis, National University of Ireland, 2005, Dublin, Ireland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/healy_t_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelowner-occupier
Page in Source 164
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1: owns home
0: does not own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebDM=+
owns home:         M = 7,78
does not own home: M = 7,46
-difference           +0,32


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study IE 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1217

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyBecchetti & Pisani (2014): study IT 2010
TitleFamily Economic Well-Being, and (Class) Relative Wealth: An Emperical Analysis of Life Satisfaction of Secundary School Students in Three Italian Cities.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 503 -525
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9433-z
Public17-18 aged , secondary school students, Italy, 2010
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2124

Correlate
Author's labelHomeowner
Page in Source Table 1 - Table 5
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Selfreport on whether your parents owns home:
1. yes
0. no
Observed distributionM = .84; SD = .37

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.39 p < .05
TYPE OF SCHOOL FIXED EFFECT

OLRC controlled for:
 -single parent
 -repeated at least one school year
 -residence location
 -gender
-Household economic condition
 -mortgage
 -current account
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.40 p < .05
OLRC additionally controlled for:
-School performance
 -final grade in Italian
 -final grade in maths
 -final grade at middle school
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.42 p < .01
OLRC additionally controlled for:
-parental jobs
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.39 p < .05
OLRC additionally controlled for:
-Relationship
 -trust in family
 -friends

With SCHOOL FIXED EFFECTS and CLASS FIXED EFFECT, 
the results are nearly the same.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelOwnership of the house of residence
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
a: Homeowner
b: House rented or sublet
c: House under redemption agreement
d: House occupied in usufruct
e: House occupied free of charge (reference)
Observed distributiona: M = .70; SD = .46; b: M = .20; SD = .40; c: M = .01; SD = .08; d: M = .03; SD = .17 e: M = .05; SD = .22

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.08 p < .05
Homeowner                        (vs House 
occupied free of charge)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.01 ns
House rented or sublet           (vs House 
occupied free of charge)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.07 ns
House under redemption agreement (vs House 
occupied free of charge)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.11 p < .1
House occupied in usufruct       (vs House 
occupied free of charge)

B's controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Gender
 -Marital status
 -Age
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
 -Work status
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Social assistance
 -Cultural supply
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelApartment/house ownership
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0: non owner
1: owner
Observed distributionUrban = 85,1%; Rural = 93,0%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study IT 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1348

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyZhang (2012a): study JP 2010
TitleHouseholds' Multidimensional Mobilities Over Life Course and QOL: A case Study in Japan
SourceISQOLS: 43, 2012, Japan
URLhttps://sites.google.com/site/junyizhangcho/home/research-topics/citi_qol/d-publications
Public18+ aged, general public, major cities, Japan, 2010
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response5.7%
Respondents N =943

Correlate
Author's labelHouse property
Page in Source 17
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1: own
0: non-own
Full question was not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.05 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=+.02 ns
OPRC’s controlled for:
-Times change in
 -Residential mobility
 -Household structure mobility
 -Employment mobility 
 -Car ownership mobility 
-Residential environment
-Objective living standard
 -Household annual income
 -Car number
-Household attributes
 -Household size
 -Single/Couple
 -Number of children
 -Number of elders
 -Worker


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyKusago (2007): study JP 1978
TitleRethinking of Economic Growth and Life Satisfaction in Post - WW 2 Japan - A Fresh Approach
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 79 - 102
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-0016-9
PublicGeneral public, Japan, 3 annual 1978-2002
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =18

Correlate
Author's labelHouse ownership
Page in Source Table 4
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
a. house owned (reference)
b. house private rent
c. house public rent
d. house subsidized
e. house others
Remarks
Signs were reversed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.23 p < .01
1978

House private rent (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.22 p < .01
House public rent  (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.02 ns
House subsidized   (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.29 p < .01
House others       (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.33 p < .01
1990

House private rent (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.31 p < .01
House public rent  (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.07 ns
House subsidized   (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.25 p < .05
House others       (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.12 p < .05
2002

House private rent (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.30 p < .01
House public rent  (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.11 ns
House subsidized   (vs house owned)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=+.11 ns
House others       (vs house owned)

B's controlled for:
-age
-marital status
-gender
-employment status
-family income
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyRudolf & Cho (2011): study KR 1998
TitleThe Gender-Specific Effect of Working Hours on Family Happiness in South Korea.
SourceCourant Research Centre, Discussion Papers no. 77, 2011, Göttingen, Germany
URLhttp://www.uni-goettingen.de/crc-peg
PublicWorking aged, South-Korea, followed 10 years 1998-2008
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25461

Correlate
Author's labelOwn house
Page in Source 21
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1 own house
0 other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e
CHANGE happiness by CHANGE housing.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb-fix=+.08 p < .01
Wives
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb-fix=+.09 p < .01
Husbands

b-fix controled for:
- houshold head
- spouse
- year of survey


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyShin (1986): study KR 1980
TitleEducation and the quality of life in Korea and the United States: A cross-cultural perspective.
SourcePublic Opinion Quarterly, 1986, Vol. 50, 360 - 370
URLhttp://poq.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/3/360.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1215

Correlate
Author's labelHouse owner
Page in Source 367
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0 Renters
1 Owners 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.12 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.12 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
ß controled for education, income, age, gender, 
married status and community size.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyGaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3501

Correlate
Author's labelHouse ownership
Page in Source 1164
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1:  No (reference)
2:  Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=0.93 ns
YES (vs no)

OR controlled for: 
-age
-marital status
-limitations in daily activities
-education
-income
-gender
-neighborhood
-infrastructure
-children
-receives help
-provides help
-leisure
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.46 p < .01
OR additionally controlled for country
 
OR's computed for 'very satisfied or satisfied' 
(vs not satisfied)
Similar results when computed for 'very satisfied' 
(vs satisfied and not satisfied)


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyRuprah (2010): study ZZ Latin America 1997
TitleDoes Owning Your Home Make You Happier? Impact Evidence from Latin America.
SourceWorking Paper OVE/WP-02-10, Inter-American Development Bank, 2010, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/idb/ovewps/0210.html
Public18+ aged, general public, Latin America, 1997-2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =147446

Correlate
Author's labelHomeownership
Page in Source 8
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cOLRC=+.07 p < .01
OLRC controlled for:
- GDP per capita
- country
- years
- size of city
- socio-demographic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - economic situation

Comparison with matched group of non-homeowners 
(propensity score appoarch), suggests that the 
causality runs from home-ownership to happiness.

The impact results are robust to possible 
influences of non-observables.
The results hold in meta-impact approach, that 
uses impact calculations at individual country 
level.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /1
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home-EC
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDMt=+
Own home           Mt'=  7.44
Rent/community     Mt'=  7.00
Rent/organization  Mt'=  6.67
Live with owner    Mt'=  6.78
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06
EC

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDMt=+
EC (stratified sample)
Own home          Mt' = 6.89
Rent/community    Mt' = 6.67
Rent/organization Mt' = 6.33
Live with owner   Mt' = 6.33
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=
In none of the european countries, ß weights of 
this variable reached .10 level in multiple 
regression analysis, when controlling for:
- life satisfaction (O-HL)
- affect (A-AB)
- satisfaction with
  - income
  - health
  - family life;
- age
- income
- sexe
- marital status
- having children
- work
- urbanisation
- type of dwelling
- religiousness
- social participation
- uncertainty about future
- expected negative changes in income
- satisfaction 5 years in past and future
- tolerance
- loneliness
- misantropy
- hopeless about life
- sense of control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelHomeownership
Page in Source 27 + 147
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1: homeowner
2: no homeowner
Observed distribution1: 59,0% 2: 41,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.03 ns
Beta controlled for
-gender
-ethnic groups
-education
-age
-smoking
-overweight
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total outsourcing expenditures
-total household and caretime
-living in urbanm area
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelApartment/house ownership
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0: non owner
1: owner

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.14 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study NL 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1221

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? 
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
Living with owner         M = 8,0
Rented from organization  M = 7,8
Rented from community     M = 7,6
Own home                  M = 8,1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
Living with owner         M = 7,7
Rented from organization  M = 7,8
Rented from community     M = 7,6
Own home                  M = 7,8


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyBoelhouwer & Stoop (1999): study NL 1974
TitleMeasuring Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 51 - 75
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006931028334
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelType of ownership
Page in Source 62
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Ownership of the house
1 tenant
2 owner

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.12 p < .05
1993
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.15 p < .05
1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelRent-free housing
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Occupies rent-free housing as part of employment 
contract (vs not)
Observed distribution9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
% happy   65  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 25  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss in rented housing not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ES 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Spain, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2303

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelHousing tenure
Page in Source 15
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1 tenure
0 not

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.02
Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyDuffy (2004): study GB 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Trust in Other People.
SourcePublication MORI, 2004, London, UK
URLhttp://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/publications/1226/Life-satisfaction-and-trust-in-other-people.aspx
Public16+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8952

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent house owned or rented
Page in Source 12
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
a Own outright         
b Buying on a mortgage
c Council renter     
d RSL renter         
e Private renter
Observed distributionOwn outright: 25% Buying on a mortgage: 46% Council renter: 16% RSL renter: 5% Private renter: 7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eD%=+
Composition of 2% Most Happy (N=180) and
2% Least Happy (N=180) in terms of house-ownership

           2% Most happy  2% Least happy  Dif.
Own outright    72          11           +61%
Buying on a 
mortgage         8          17            -9% 
Council renter  12          48           -36%  
RSL renter       2          15           -13%
Private renter   4           6            -2%


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyEvans & Huxley (2005): study GB 1999
TitleAdaptation, Response-shift and Quality of Life Ratings in Mentally Well and Unwell Groups.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1719 - 1732
DOIDOI:10.1007/s 1136-005-1742-I
Public18-65 aged, differing in mental health, followed 2 years, UK, 1999-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-ResponseNon-response at T1: 83% Drop-out at T2: 50%)
Respondents N =1912

Correlate
Author's labelChange in home ownership
Page in Source 1729
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
A  Became a home owner
   0 no
   1 yes

B  Home ownership ceased
   0 no
   1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=+.14 ns
Became a home owner
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=-.18 ns
Home ownership ceased


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyEvans et al. (2007): study GB 1994
TitleThe Impact of Mental Illness on Quality of Life: A Comparison of Severe Mental Illness, Common Mental Disorder and Healthy Population Samples.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2007, Vol. 16, 17 - 29
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-006-9002-6
PublicMental patients and controls, followed 2 years, UK 1994-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response94%
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelHome owner cf not a home owner
Page in Source 24
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Question not reported
Remarks
This question is not relevant to Mental patients with 
severe mental disorder.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-bb=+.26 p < .05
Community residents with Common Mental 
Disorder(CMD)
- 18+ aged community residents
- participants in postal survey
- scoring high on GQH-12 questionnaire
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-bb= ns
Community residente in good mental health
-18+ aged community residents
- participants in postal survey
- scoring low on GQH-12 questionnaire

Control variables not reported.

B means points difference on scale 1-7


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study GB 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study GB Northern Ireland 1981 /1
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Northern Ireland, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =312

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home
Page in Source 369
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.12 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyBucchianeri (2011): study US Ohio 2005
TitleThe American Dream or the American Delusion? The Private and External Benefits of Homeownership for Women.
SourceWorking Paper Series, 2011, Pennsylvania, USA
URLhttp://ssrn.com/abstract=1877163
DOIDOI: 10.2139/ssrn.1877163
Public18+ aged, women, Columbus City, United States, 2005
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =809

Correlate
Author's labelHomeowners
Page in Source Appendix
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
1: homeowner
0: not

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.28 p < .05
Unadjusted
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-fb=-.02 ns
B controlled for:
- Income
- Housing price
- Health
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.05 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- Age quadratic
- Education
- Cohabitation
- Living with children
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.04 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- Financial security
- Average income in neighbourhood (Zip code)
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-bb=+.07 ns
Unadjusted
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-bb=+.00 ns
B controlled for:
- Income
- Housing price
- Health
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-bb=-.09 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- Age quadratic
- Education
- Cohabitation
- Living with children
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-bb=-.14 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- Financial security
- Average income in neighbourhood (Zip code)

Net affect slighly higher among homeowners when 
they are at home.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyRossi & Weber (1996): study US 1988 /1
TitleThe Social Benefits of Homeownership: Empirical Evidence from National Surveys.
SourceHousing Policy Debate, 1996, Vol. 7, 1- 35
Public18+ aged, general public, United States, 1988-1993
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelHomeownership
Page in Source 14
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0: Renter
1: Owner

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab= ns
Coefficient not reported, cause ns.

B controlled for:
- age
- socioeconomic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyRossi & Weber (1996): study US 1988
TitleThe Social Benefits of Homeownership: Empirical Evidence from National Surveys.
SourceHousing Policy Debate, 1996, Vol. 7, 1- 35
Public18+ aged, general public, United States, 1988
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelHomeownership
Page in Source 14
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0: renter
1: owner

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.27 s
B controlled for:
- age
- socioeconomic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelrenter
Page in Source Table 5
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0 otherwise, 1 rents a house
Observed distribution1: 41%; 0: 59%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.17 p < .05
Beta controleld for:
- Income relative to neighborhood
- Household income
- Value of home
- Usual working hours
- Employment status
- Gender
- Age
- Race
- Years of education
- Household size
- Religion


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyShin (1986): study US 1986
TitleEducation and the quality of life in Korea and the United States: A cross-cultural perspective.
SourcePublic Opinion Quarterly, 1986, Vol. 50, 360 - 370
URLhttp://poq.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/3/360.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3642

Correlate
Author's labelHouse owner
Page in Source 367
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0 Renters
1 Owners

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.13 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.13 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
ß controled for education, income, age, gender, 
married status and commuunity size.


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyNear et al. (1978): study US NewYork 1975
TitleWork and Extra-Work Correlates of Life and Job Satisfaction.
SourceAcademy of Management Journal, 1978, Vol. 21, 248 - 264
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/255758
PublicAdults, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =384

Correlate
Author's labelOwn or rents home
Page in Source 253
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
0  rents
1  owns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dR²=.02 p < .01
Explained variance in ANOVA.
Respondents who own their own home are happier


Correlational finding on Happiness and House owned or rented
Subject code: H15ab01a

StudyShin & Johnson (1978): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness as the Overall Assesment of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 475 - 492
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352944
PublicHeads of households, Illinois, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =665

Correlate
Author's labelHome ownership
Page in Source 483/487
Our classificationHouse owned or rented, code H15ab01a
Operationalization
Self report on whether or not the subject owned the 
place in which he or she lived
1 owner
0 not

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.18 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.11
Beta controlled for:
- resources only
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.04
Beta controlled for:
- resources
- assesssments
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for:
- resources
- comparisons
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.05
Beta controlled for:
- resources
- assessments
- comparisons

Resources:
- race
- sex
- age
- income
- education
- marital status
- number of children
- number of household members
Assessments: satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- leisure time
- housing
- health
- education
- community
- government
Comparisons:
- perception of being happier than others
- perceived financial improvement in the past few 
years.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of ownership
Subject code: H15ab01b

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelSource of homeownership
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationKind of ownership, code H15ab01b
Operationalization
Selfreport on source of homeownership:
a. inherited/transferred
b. self-built
c. resettled/compensated
d. purchased (reference)
e. others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.19 p < .01
Inherited/transferred  (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.07 ns
Self-built             (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.14 p < .01
Resettled/compensated  (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.03 ns
Others                 (vs purchased)

B's controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
 -homeownership property status
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.19 p < .01
Inherited/transferred  (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.07 ns
Self-built             (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.14 p < .05
Resettled/compensated  (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.02 ns
Others                 (vs purchased)

B's additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.17 p < .05
Inherited/transferred  (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.04 ns
Self-built             (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.11 p < .05
Resettled/compensated  (vs purchased)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 ns
Others                 (vs purchased)

B's additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelHousing type
Page in Source 178,181
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
1 rowhouse
0 apartment
Remarks
T1-T2 interval= 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faBeta=-.06 ns
T2 happiness by T2 quality of house
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change in happiness 
after purchase of house)
- Personal characteristics:
  - Age
  - Sex 
  - Marital status 
  - Education
  - Income
  - Occupational status
 Housing situation:
  - Owner of the house 
  - Housing type 
  - Satisfaction with neighborhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labeltype of housing
Page in Source 70
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
a: own house
b: condominium
c: co-operative flat
d: rented house
e: rented flat
f: rented room
g: hall of residence
h: shared flat or house
i: other
Observed distributionN all:4574; %: a:40,7, b:8,1, c:7,6, d:7,7, e:31,5, f:1,6, g:0,3, h:0,5, i:2,0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
a: Mt=8.04
b: Mt=7.94
c: Mt=7.70
d: Mt=7.84
e: Mt=7.40
f: Mt=6.70
g: Mt=6.73
h: Mt=6.14
i: Mt=7.40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
a: Mt=7.81
b: Mt=7.51
c: Mt=7.34
d: Mt=7.50
e: Mt=7.03
f: Mt=6.18
g: Mt=6.54
h: Mt=5.80
i: Mt=6.80
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
a: Mt=7.36
b: Mt=7.11
c: Mt=6.98
d: Mt=7.15
e: Mt=6.66
f: Mt=5.76
g: Mt=5.39
h: Mt=6.03
i: Mt=6.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelType of Housing
Page in Source 66
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
a: own house
b: condomium
c: co-operative flat
d: rented house
e: rented flat
f: rented room
g: hall of residence
h: shared flat or house
i: other
Observed distributionN: a:818, b:60, c:98, d:84, e:317, f:36, g:14, h:7, i:42

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
a: own house          Mt=7.85
b: condomium          Mt=8.13 
c: co-operative flat  Mt=7.73
d: rented house       Mt=7.50
e: rented flat        Mt=7.55
f: rented room        Mt=7.36
g: hall of residence  Mt=7.33
h: shared  house      Mt=8.21
i: other              Mt=7.74 
All                   Mt=7,74
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
a: own house          Mt=7.59
b: condomium          Mt=7.54
c: co-operative flat  Mt=7.28
d: rented house       Mt=7.11
e: rented flat        Mt=7.28 
f: rented room        Mt=6.80
g: hall of residence  Mt=6.79
h: shared house       Mt=7.86
i: other              Mt=7.26 
All                   Mt=7,44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
a: own house          Mt=7.00
b: condomium          Mt=7.09
c: co-operative flat  Mt=6.64
d: rented house       Mt=6.84
e: rented flat        Mt=6.93 
f: rented room        Mt=6.46 
g: hall of residence  Mt=6.96
h: shared house       Mt=6.79
i: other              Mt=7.04 
All                   Mt=6,94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelSize of property
Page in Source 792
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Self report of size in property in square metres

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ p < .05
OPRC (+.000662) controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size. OPRC means only that living in a larger 
house goes with more happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelBuilding type
Page in Source 792
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Self report on building type the respondent lives:
a Agricultural building
b Single or double house
c Terrace house
d Flat in building with 3 to 4 flats
e Flat in building with 5 to 8 flats
f Flat in building with 9 or more flats
g Flat in high rise building
h Else (reference category)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- ns
Agricultural building (vs else) (-.02)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Single or double house (vs else) (+.12)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Terrace house (vs else) (+.11)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Flat in building with 3 to 4 flats (vs else) 
(+.08)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Flat in building with 5 to 8 flats (vs else) (.05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Flat in building with 9 or more flats (vs else) 
(+.01)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Flat in high rise building (vs else) (+.07)

OPRC's controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelYear house was built
Page in Source 792
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Self report of vintage class:
1 Before 1919
2 1919-1948
3 1949-1971
4 1972-1980
5 1981-1990
6 1991 or later

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- p < .01
OPRC (-.0160) controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC's cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size. OPRC means only that living in a newer house 
goes with less happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelResidence
Page in Source 312
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Self report of residence in a..
a: public-provided rental flat 
b: public-provided owned flat
c: private flat
d: private room
e: quarters

Rated
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-1.5 ns
public-provided rental flat (vs. quarters)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.8 ns
public-provided owned flat (vs. quarters)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.5 ns
private flat (vs. quarters)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.6 ns
private room (vs. quarters)
B is controlled for:
-living arrangement
-marital status
-income
-education
-age
-gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyKousha & Mohseni (2000): study IR 1995
TitleAre Iranians Happy? A Comparative Study between Iran and the United States.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 52, 259 - 289
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1007061431186
PublicResidents big city (Tehran), Iran, 1995-97
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response4,8%
Respondents N =1561

Correlate
Author's labelType of dwelling
Page in Source 274
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
a: rental
b: personal property
c: living with parents
d: others
Observed distribution1995: a=134, b=222, c=151, d=23 1997: a=226, b=396, c=346, d=54

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= ns
           1995    M      S.D.          
             a=    1,72   0,31 
             b=    1,85   0,35 
             c=    1,76   0,33
             d=    1,91   0,25
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= p < .00
            1997    M      S.D.          
             a=    1,73    0,34 
             b=    1,91    0,34 
             c=    1,81    0,44
             d=    1,72    0,42
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= ns
             1995
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             a=     5,2    61,2     33,6 
             b=    10,8    63,1     26,1 
             c=     7,3    61,6     31,1
             d=     8,7    73,9     17,4
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= p < .00
             1997
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             a=     7,1    58,4     34,5 
             b=    12,9    65,2     22,0 
             c=    14,2    52,6     33,2
             d=    11,1    50,0     38,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelType of dwelling
Page in Source 203
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Direct question: "Do you live in a...?" 0 House
1 Flat/appartment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 p < .05
France
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.07 p < .01
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.07 p < .01
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.08 p < .01
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06
Netherlands
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.09 p < .01
Denmark
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.14 p < .01
Belgium
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .01
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.08 p < .01
Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
Northern Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.12
EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDMt=
EC (stratified sample)  
House              Mt'=  7.00
Flat/appartment    Mt'=  6.44
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta= ns
In none of the European countries ß weights of 
this variable reached .10 level in multiple 
regression analysis, when controlling for:
happiness(HAPP 1.1), affect(AFF 2.3); satisfaction 
with health,income and family life; age, income, 
education, marital status, having children, male 
sex, work; urbanisation, own home, religiousness, 
social participation; uncertainty about future, 
expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 
5 years in past and future; loneliness, tolerance, 
trust in people, hopeless about life and sense of 
control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelType of dwelling
Page in Source 376
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Direct question: "Do you live in a....? 0 House
1 Flat/appartement

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
France
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Great-Britain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
West Germany
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Italy
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Netherlands
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.10
Denmark
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Belgium
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Spain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Ireland
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Northern Ireland
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
EC

ß's controlled for: marital status, work, income, 
age, having children, social participation, 
education.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyPalisi & Canning (1983): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleUrbanism and Social Psychological Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Test of Three Theories.
SourceThe Sociological Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 24, 527 - 543
PublicMales, metropolitan areas, England, USA, Australia, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in a single family home
Page in Source 537
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
0 No single family home
1 Single family home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.10 ns
London 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=+.12
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 ns
Los Angeles
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=+.11
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
Sydney
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=-.06
rpc controled for: Age, frequency of visits to 
friends, visits to kin and perceived crowding


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyBoelhouwer (2002): study NL 1997
TitleSocial Indicators and Living Conditions in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 60, 89 - 113
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1021200828811
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelYear the dwelling was build
Page in Source 100
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.08 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyBoelhouwer & Stoop (1999): study NL 1974
TitleMeasuring Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 51 - 75
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006931028334
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelHousing: Type of dwelling
Page in Source 62
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Type of the house
1 detached single family dwelling
2 attached single family dwelling
3 appartment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=-.10 p < .05
1993
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=-.10 p < .05
1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyJol (1985a): study NL 1974
TitleLiever Samen dan Alleen? Veranderingen in Levensomstandigheden én Welbevinden van Alleenstaanden, 1974-1983. (Better together than Alone? Changes in Life Situations ánd Well-Being of Singles,1974-1983).
SourceC.B.S. Select, Nr. 3, Central Bureau of Statistics, 1985, The Hague, Netherlands, 171 - 184
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1983
Sample
Non-Response1974: 28%, 1983: 43%
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in a flat
Page in Source 177/178
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
0 = other
1 = appartment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta= ns
Singles (N = 484)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta= ns
All (N = 3931)
ß controlled for sex and age.
Results 1974 not significantly different.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyKeng & Hooi (1995): study SG 1993
TitleAssessing Quality of Life in Singapore: An Exploratory Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 35, 71 - 91
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079239
Public15-54 aged, general public, Singapore, 1993
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response14%
Respondents N =329

Correlate
Author's labelType of residence
Page in Source 83
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
a: HDB flat - 3 rooms or less
b: HDB flat - 4 rooms
c: HDB flat - 5 rooms
d: HDB - maisonette/executive appartment
e: HUDC condominum/private flat
f: Terrace house
g: Semi-detached/detached bungalow
Observed distributiona: 25.2% b: 26.4% c: 13.7% d: 7.0% e: 12.4% f: 8.2% g: 7.0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sqt-n-5-aDM= ns
a: M = 3.34
b: M = 3.54
c: M = 3.56
d: M = 3.59
e: M = 3.67
f: M = 3.59
g: M = 3.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelType of house
Page in Source 630
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
0: Doub house, hut
1: Brick/concrete house
Remarks
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. 
Sign in table is negative, but text indicates positive 
relationship. Present version approved by author.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=+.34 p < .01
All
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.40 p < .01
All
                            
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.06 ns
All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active person
- No pension income
- Has a confidant
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Agrees:planning is key to success
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.12 ns
65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Seldom restricted by poor health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- More active person
- Keeps chicken
- Has a confidant
- Keeps goats  
- Larger size field 
- Higher monthly income
- No desire to return to work


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyDuffy (2004): study GB 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Trust in Other People.
SourcePublication MORI, 2004, London, UK
URLhttp://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/publications/1226/Life-satisfaction-and-trust-in-other-people.aspx
Public16+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8952

Correlate
Author's labelHousing
Page in Source 12
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
a Detached house    
b Semi-detached house 
c Tarraced house
d Purpose built flat
Observed distributionDetached house: 24% Semi-detached house: 32% Tarraced house: 19% Purpose built flat: 12%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eD%=
Composition of 2% Most Happy (N=180) and
2% Least Happy (N=180) in terms of housing

           2% Most happy  2% Least happy Dif.
Detached house      47         6         +41%
Semi-detached       23         21         +2%
Tarraced house      11         20         -9%
Purpose built flat   5         35        -30%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study US Baltimore, Maryland 1989
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
Public18+ aged, heads of low-income households, Baltimore city, United States, followed 18 months, 1989
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelHousing type
Page in Source 181
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
0: appartment
1: row house
Remarks
T1-T2 lag: 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.06 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness, by housing type.

Beta controlled for:
- Form of tenure
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- demographic characteristics
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - sex
  - income
- occupational status
- neighborhood satisfaction
- housing condition


Correlational finding on Happiness and Type of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyZehner (1977): study US 1973
TitleIndicators of the Quality of Life in New Communities.
SourceBallinger, 1977, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
PublicResidents communities,planned and unplanned, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3894

Correlate
Author's labelDwelling type
Page in Source 118/119
Our classificationType of current dwelling, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Single detached townhouse or rowhouse apartement.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aG=
Apartement dwellers are least happy. (Both in 
planned and conventionally developed communities).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelToilette
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=+.33 ns
B controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.27 ns
OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.30 p < .05
OPRC additionally controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present or past)

No significant when OPRC additionally controlled 
for:
- credit cycle (instead of microfinance loan)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelCeramic floor
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=-.07 ns
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.08 ns
B and OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B and OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelBrick Finished
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=+.08 ns
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.06 ns
B and OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B and OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyHomel & Burns (1989): study AU 1987
TitleEnvironmental Quality and the Well-Being of Children.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1989, Vol. 21, 133 - 158
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00300500
PublicBasic school children, Sydney, Australia ,1987
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response29,6%
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelHousing
Page in Source 136,146
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
a  Floor occupied
b  Housing upkeep
c  Occupancy (owning, public or private rental)
d  Playspace availability

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Mix---sq-*-11-aR²=.02 ns
R2(0.022) represents the additional variance 
explained after :
- Child's age and sexe
- Family variables
- Street-type
- Neighborhood social problems
- Neighborhood x Street-type


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyGehmacher (1992c): study AT Wien 1988
TitleHousing and Happiness:Life Satisfaction as a Consequence of Housing Conditions.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
PublicResidents communal housing estates, Vienna, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =886

Correlate
Author's labelHousing conditions
Page in Source 2
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
a. Size (of appartment, sleeping room,
   living room, children's room)
b. Environment (noise from outside,
   noise protection from neighbours,
   open space)
c. Aesthetices (view from windows,
   sunlight, design of access to
   appartment)
d. Infrastructure (shopping
   opportunities, leisure
   opportunities)
Remarks
Happiness assessed in summer (T1) and winter (T2)
ß's controled for...?.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.03
a. summer
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.08
a. winter
  
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.26
b. summer
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.13
b. winter
  
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.05
c. summer
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.08
c. winter
   
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.10
d. summer
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.09
d. winter


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyGwanfogbe et al. (1970): study CM 1965
TitlePolygyny and Marital Life Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study from Rural Cameroon.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1970, Vol. 28, 55 - 71
PublicMothers of young child, rural areas, Cameroon, 196?
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelHousing
Page in Source 62,64
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Items used to measure socioeconomic status (housing):
A What type of toilet is used?
1 bush/ no toilet
2 toilet with no enclosure
3 latrine with earth floor
4 latrine with cement floor
5 inside toilet
B What material is the floor made of?
1 dirt
2 wood
3 clay bricks
4 cement
C What is the condition of the floor?
1 bad
2 not sure
3 good
D What material are the walls of the house made of?
1 straw
2 bamboo
3 bamboo and mud
4 clay bricks
5 planks
6 cement/stones
7 stones
E What is the condition of the walls?
1 bad
2 good
F What material is the roof made of?
1 thatch
2 grass/straw
3 metal
G What is the condition of the roof?
1 bad
2 good
Remarks
N = 299

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta= ns
Beta controled for:
- wife order
- marital satisfaction
- husband's supportiveness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelHousing amenities
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Single question: How is your house equipped?
Sum score of reported amenities including bathroom or 
shower, inside toilet, and central heating (range 0-3)
Observed distributionUrban: M=2,9; SD=0,2; Rural: M= 2,7; SD=0,6; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelInadequate facilities (in housing)
Page in Source 261
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Have you experienced inadequate facilities (in housing)
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 1930 Ever in your life: N = 518

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.13
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.08
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.89
ever in your life:  M = 3.73
95% CI for difference:   [0.08 ; 0.24]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelHousing amenities
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Single question: How is your house equipped?
Sum score of reported amenities including bathroom or 
shower, inside toilet, and central heating (range 0-3)
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban: M=2.9; SD=0.4; Rural: M= 2.7; SD=0.5; p<.001 Germany East: Urban: M=2.9; SD=0.4; Rural: M= 2,6; SD=0.6; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelToilet
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,04 SD = 0,062
Remarks
In original: Lack of toilet. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.11 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.085 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.05 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.042 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.13 ns
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.099 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelBalcony
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,175 SD = 0,380
Remarks
In original: Lack of balcony. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .05
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.025 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Fixed effects. Random effects: B = +.031 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 ns
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.034 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelCellar
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,05 SD = 0,218
Remarks
In original: Lack of cellar. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.002 (ns)

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life
- relative lack


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelHouse size (nr of rooms)
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Number
Observed distributionM = 4,125 SD = 1,805

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.001 (ns)

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- relative lack of
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health 

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.003 (ns)

Not significant when B additionally controlled 
for:
- relative lack of
  - social life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyCheng & Chan (2006): study HK 2000
TitleRelationship with Others and Life Satisfaction in Later Life: Do Gender and Widowhood make a Difference?
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 2006, Vol. 61b, 46 - 53
Public60+ aged, Hong Kong, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1616

Correlate
Author's labelHousing quality
Page in Source 49-50
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a: Is the place where you live comfortable?
b: Is the place where you live clean?
c: Do you have enough space at the place where you 
live?

Response options not reported
Observed distributionM=3.63 SD=0.71
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha is .68

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-ar=+.31 p < .001
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyHo et al. (1995): study HK 1992
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1557

Correlate
Author's labelPoor living arrangements
Page in Source 253
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Self report on living arrangement. Text is not 
reported. 
1: poor living arrangement 
0: adequate living arrangement

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bOR=0.3 p < .05
CI95 [02-04]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelHousing amenities
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Single question: How is your house equipped?
Sum score of reported amenities including bathroom or 
shower, inside toilet, and central heating (range 0-3)
Observed distributionUrban: M = 2,6; SD = 0,5; Rural: M = 1,5; SD = 1,0; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMorawetz (1977): study IL 1976
TitleIncome Distributions and Self-Rated Happiness: Some Empirical Evidence.
SourceThe Economic Journal, 1977, Vol. 87, 511 - 522
PublicAdults, two villages (one equal in incomes, one unequal), Israel, 1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =109

Correlate
Author's labelrooms per person
Page in Source 518
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Number of rooms per person
Observed distributionM= 0,96 (rooms)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=+.08 ns
B controlled for:
- years lived in moshav
- religion
- place of birth
- age
- sex
- education
- not married
- children at home
- rooms per house
- telephone
- no car
- agricultural work
- income per standard adult
- Moshav
Unaffected by kind of community
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=+.14 p < .05
B controlled for the above variables with income 
left out


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelHousing amenities
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Single question: How is your house equipped?
Sum score of reported amenities including bathroom or 
shower, inside toilet, and central heating (range 0-3)
Observed distributionUrban: M=2,1; SD=0,4; Rural: M= 1,9; SD=0,4; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.11 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyGaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3501

Correlate
Author's labelInfrastructure
Page in Source 1164
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1:  Not good (reference)
0:  Good

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.17 p < .10
GOOD vs (not good)

OR controlled for: 
-age
-gender
-marital status
-limitations in daily activities
-education
-income
-house ownership
-neighborhood
-children
-provides help
-leisure
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.15 ns
OR additionally controlled for country  
 
OR's computed for 'very satisfied or satisfied' 
(vs not satisfied)
Similar results when computed for 'very satisfied' 
(vs satisfied and not satisfied)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyBöhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelRooms per person
Page in Source 24
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Rooms per person

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.02 ns
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.03 p < .05
B controlled for:
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-class/occupation
-education
-accomodation problems
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.06 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.06 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.04 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelHousing amenities
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Single question: How is your house equipped?
Sum score of reported amenities including bathroom or 
shower, inside toilet, and central heating (range 0-3)
Observed distributionUrban: M = 2,9; SD = 0,5; Rural: M = 2,9; SD = 0,2; p<0.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelRoof condition
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
1: Poor roof condition
2: Very good roof condition
Observed distribution1: 25% , 2: 13%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                  % happy  % neutral  % unhappy
poor roof            38       13             49
very good roof       65       10             25
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.57 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelFive rooms or more
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Occupies five rooms or more (vs not)
Observed distribution30%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%= s
% happy   54  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 33  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss with less rooms not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelToilet in dwelling 1
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
a.Flush toilet in dwelling
b.Pit/bucket latrine
Observed distribution% Sample a:21, b:34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                    %happy %Neutral  %unhappy 
Flush Toilet dwelling  59      12        29
Pit/bucket latrine     49      12        39
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.22 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelToilet in dwelling 2
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
a.Flush toilet in dwelling
b.Toilet off-site
Observed distribution%Sample a:21, b:4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                  % happy % Neutral  % unhappy 
Toilet in dwelling    59      12         29
Toilet off-site       41      15         44
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.36 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelMain electricity supply
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Main electricity supply (vs not)
Observed distribution71%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
% happy   54  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 34  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss with no main electricity not 
reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyRichards (2001): study ZA ZA: Eastern Cape 2001
TitleHow to Measure Quality of Life in Diverse Population.
SourcePaper 4th Conference International Society for Quality of Life Studies, 2001, Washington DC, USA
Publicadults, general public, Buffalo City, South Africa, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2477

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy for Cooking
Page in Source 20
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
self report on energy used for cooking:
a electricity
b gas
c paraffin
d wood
e other
Observed distributionN= a:651, b:18, c: 161, d:43, e:1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gD%=
% satisfied (vs. dissatisfied)
a: 49.7
b: 30.5
c: 17.9
d: 22.9
e: 12.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyRichards (2001): study ZA ZA: Eastern Cape 2001
TitleHow to Measure Quality of Life in Diverse Population.
SourcePaper 4th Conference International Society for Quality of Life Studies, 2001, Washington DC, USA
Publicadults, general public, Buffalo City, South Africa, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2477

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy for Lighting
Page in Source 20
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
self-report on energy used for lighting:
a electricity
b gas
c paraffin
d candles
Observed distributionN= a:786, b:3, c:84, d:1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gD%=
% satisfied (vs. dissatisfied)
a: 42.3
b: 25.0
c: 14.2
d: 33.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyRichards (2001): study ZA ZA: Eastern Cape 2001
TitleHow to Measure Quality of Life in Diverse Population.
SourcePaper 4th Conference International Society for Quality of Life Studies, 2001, Washington DC, USA
Publicadults, general public, Buffalo City, South Africa, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2477

Correlate
Author's labelToilet Facility
Page in Source 20
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
self-report on toilet facilities:
a none
b flush
c septic
d improved pit latrine
e basic pit latrine
f chemical
g other
Observed distributionN= a:28, b:66, c: 6, d:14, e:138, f:18, g:4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gD%=
% satisfied (vs. dissatisfied)
a: 17.5
b: 44.1
c: 37.5
d: 21.5
e: 25.9
f: 11.5
g: 10.8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyRichards (2001): study ZA ZA: Eastern Cape 2001
TitleHow to Measure Quality of Life in Diverse Population.
SourcePaper 4th Conference International Society for Quality of Life Studies, 2001, Washington DC, USA
Publicadults, general public, Buffalo City, South Africa, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2477

Correlate
Author's labelWater Source
Page in Source 20
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
self-report on water source:
a piped full pressure
b piped from roof tank
c ground tanks next to house
d standpipes
e borehole/rainwater tank/well
f dam/river/stream/spring
g other
Observed distributionN= a:639, b:31, c:1, d:182, e:6, f: 10, g: 3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gD%=
% satisfied (vs. dissatisfied)
a: 45.6
b: 48.4
c:  9.1
d: 21.0
e: 50.0
f: 12.5
g: 15.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2004): study ES 2000
TitleApoyo Social y Bienstar Subjetivo en un Collectivo de Immigrantes. Efectos Directos o Amortiguadores. ( Social Support and Social Well-Being in a Group of Immigrants: Direct or Buffer Effects?)
SourceBoletin de Psicologia, 2004, Vol. 80, 79 - 96
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelHousing type
Page in Source 84
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Housing type was measured by one closed item:"in what 
type of housing do you live?":
A. Flat
B. House
C. Semi-demolished house
D. Prefabricated module
E. "Cortijo" (shanty in greenhouse area)
F. Warehouse, garage
G. Greenhouse
H. Pension
I. Other

Answers were dicotomized in two categories: 
2. Standard housing     (A+B)
1. Sub-standard housing (C+D+E+F+G+H+I)
Observed distributionStandard housing: 27%, Sub-standard housing: 73%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baDM=
1 sub-standard housing: M = 1,52; SD = 0,69
2 standard housing:     M = 2,22; SD = 1,02
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=6.49 p < .013
Univariate analysis of variance, main effect
Controlling for:
- gender
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelCrime
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Does your accommodation have any of the following 
problems? Vandalism or crime in the area?
1: No
0: Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.05 ns
Females
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.07 p < .01
Males

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - adequately nourished
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - strain
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome problems
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyFerrer-i-Carbonell & Gowdy (2007): study GB 1996
TitleEnvironmental Degradation and Happiness.
SourceEcological Economics, 2007, Vol. 60, 509 - 516
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =9000

Correlate
Author's labelAccomodation in polluted area
Page in Source 513, 515
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Does your accomodation have any of the following 
problems? Pollution, grime or other environmental 
problems. 
0 no
1 yes
Observed distribution0: 90 % 1: 10 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eOPRC=-. p < .00
OPRC (-.15) controlled for:
- socio-economic variables
- demographic variables
- perceived environmental problems at     
accomodation

Unaffected by additional control for:
- psychological traits

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size. OPRC denotes only that accomodation in a 
polluted area corresponds to lower happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelHome
Page in Source 262
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on the following questions:
- My home has more rooms
- My home is well decoreated
- My home is carpeted and comfortable furniture
- My home has a garden
- I have never been attacked by someone at home
- I have never had anything of mine stolen from home
- I use a telephone at home at least once a week
- My home have a central heating
- Visitors have sometimes said how nice they think my 
home is
- I have my own room(or share with my partner only)
Remarks
Subscale of Life Experience Checklist(LEC) [Ager 1990]

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.11 p < .42
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.18 p < .203
rpc controled for depression as measured with Beck 
depression inventory


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyFranklin et al. (1986): study US 1985
TitleAssessing Quality of Life of the Mentally Ill. A Three Dimensional Model.
SourceEvaluation & The Health Professions, 1986, Vol. 9, 376 -388
Public18-65 aged, mentally ill, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelHousing
Page in Source 383
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aAoV= ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.03
Beta controlled for satisfaction with housing


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyStokols et al. (1983): study US 1980
TitleResidential Mobility and Personal Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Environmental Psychology, 1983, Vol. 3, 5 - 19
PublicUniversity employees, California, USA, 1980
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =242

Correlate
Author's labelResidential quality
Page in Source 9,14
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
A: Self-perceived current residential quality in 
relation to residential options (whether resp. believed 
atractive alternative environments were realistic 
available to them).
B: Residential congruence in relation to options to 
residential options (whether resp. believed atractive 
alternative environments were realistic available to 
them).

Coded:
1 high
0 low

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cDM= p < .05
Split-up by options to move:
Low                M (happiness)     SD
 - No options      3.32              1.11
 - Options         4.09              1.15
High
 - No options      3.79              1.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of current dwelling
Subject code: H15ab03

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelKitchen exclusive for the household
Page in Source 19,47
Our classificationQuality of current dwelling, code H15ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport of exclusive use of the kitchen for the 
household:
1 -yes 
0 -no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=-.42 p < .05
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= -.40
Nonworkers: B= -.35


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelHousing condition
Page in Source 178,181
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self perceived housing condition:
4: Excellent
3: Good
2: Fair
1: Poor
Remarks
Home buyers only: N=125
T1-T2 interval= 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faBeta=+.20 p < .05
T2 happiness by T2 quality of house
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change in happiness 
after purchase of house)
- Personal characteristics:
  - Age
  - Sex 
  - Marital status 
  - Education
  - Income
  - Occupational status
 Housing situation:
  - Owner of the house 
  - Housing type 
  - Satisfaction with neighborhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyKnight & Gunatilaka (2010): study CN 2002
TitleGreat Expectations? The Subjective Well-Being of Rural-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceWorld Development, 2010, Vol. 38, 113 - 124
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.03.002
Public16+ aged rural-urban migrants, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1930

Correlate
Author's labelNo heating
Page in Source 116
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self-report on single question on heating facilities:
1: No heating
0: Otherwise
Observed distribution1: 65%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=-.15 p < .05
B controlled for:
- Future income expectations
- Gender
- Marital Status
- Interaction gender*marital status
- Education
- Financial assets
- Unemployment
- Working hours
- Health
- Duration of urban residence
- Regional income
- Living with family members
- Remittances
- Area of house
- Living in own house
- Household income
- Child left behind
- Number of friends/relatives in city

Effect is stronger for those who migrates less 
long ago.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelCondition of property
Page in Source 792
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self report of condition:
4 good
3 needs renovation
2 needs complete renovation
1 ready for demolition

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ p < .01
OPRC (+.15) controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size. OPRC means only that a worse property 
condition goes with less happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelTechnical outfit of the house
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
3 item index : is there in your home : a) toilet,b) 
bath, c) central heating ?
0 = no
1 = yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      -.12       -.17       -.11       +.07
1980
1984
1988      -.10       -.09       -.07       +.06

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      +.15       +.14       +.15       +.10
1980
1984
1988      +.08       +.11       +.08       +.08

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyHaisken-DeNew & Sinning (2010): study DE West Germany 2000
TitleSocial Deprivation of Immigrants in Germany.
SourceReview of Income and Wealth, 2010, Vol 56, 715 -733
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2010.00417.x
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, Germany, followed 5 years, 2000-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =33186

Correlate
Author's labelHousing conditions
Page in Source 723, 725
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
A) 
1: house has balcony/terrace
0: otherwise

B) 
1: house has garden/yard
0: otherwise
Observed distributionA1) 81.5%, B) 63.1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.11 p < .01
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in having a 
balcony/terrace
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.08 p < .01
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in having a 
garden/yard

B's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- children in household
- employment status
- education
- having a car and telephone
- appreciation of housing surface
- relative income
- having a PC/stereo/dishwasher
- health
- marital status
- cultural participation
- religious participation
- active in sports


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyPalisi (1984): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /1
TitleHousehold Crowding and Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.
SourceInternational Journal of Sociology of the Family, 1984, Vol. 14, 17 - 31
PublicMales, metropolitan areas, London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelHousing quality
Page in Source 25-26
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
1. Objective crowding: closed questions
   on: 
- number of persons in the household
- number of persons per bedroom
- number of persons per room
- number of bedrooms
- number of rooms

2. Subjective crowding: closed
   questions on how frequently the
   respondent has had the following
   feelings, ranging from 1 (all the
   time) to 4 (never):
- feelings that the home is the right
  size
- feelings of personal privacy from
  household members
- perception of lack of room in the
  household
- feelings that there are too many
  people at home
- feelings that people get in each
  other's way at home

3. Objective and subjective crowding
   (1+2)
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aBeta=
1. Objective crowding                              
           London     L.A.       Sydney
-p household  ß =   +.06 ns    -.22 ns    +.06 ns
-p bedroom    ß =   -.51 ns    -.10 ns    -.36 ns
-p room       ß =   +.47 ns    -.02 ns    +.37 ns
-n bedrooms   ß =   +.37 ns    +.06 ns    +.32 ns
-n rooms      ß =   -.44 05    +.14 ns    -.38 ns
              R²=    .02 ns     .03 ns     .01 ns

2. Subjective crowding     
-right size   ß =   +.13 ns    +.19 05    +.08 ns
-privacy      ß =        ns         ns         ns
-lack room    ß =   +.06 ns    -.03 ns    -.06 ns
-too many     ß =   -.06 ns    +.07 ns    -.16 ns
-in way       ß =   -.03 ns    -.14 ns    +.04 ns
              R²=    .07 ns     .10 ns     .08 ns








3. Obj.+ subj. R²=   .11 ns     .13 ns     .12 ns

All values controlled for marriage status, 
occupation, education, age and neighbourhood 
noise.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyBoelhouwer & Stoop (1999): study NL 1974
TitleMeasuring Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 51 - 75
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006931028334
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelHousing: number of rooms
Page in Source 62
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Average number of rooms in the house 
1 one or two rooms
2 three rooms
3 four rooms
4 five rooms
5 six rooms
6 seven or more rooms

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.11 p < .05
1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyBoelhouwer & Stoop (1999): study NL 1974
TitleMeasuring Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 51 - 75
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006931028334
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelHousing: Area of living room
Page in Source 62
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Area of living room in m2
1 less than 20 m2
2 20 - 29 m2
3 30 - 39 m2
4 40 - 49 m2
5 50 m2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.12 p < .05
1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyPosel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008
TitleRelative Standing and Subjective Well-Being in South Africa: The Role of Perception, Expectations and Income Mobility.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 195 - 223
URLhttp://econrsa.org/home/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=295&Itemid=67
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9740-2
Public17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =28000

Correlate
Author's labelDwelling place
Page in Source 203,208, 212
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
a. Informal dwelling place (shack typically made of 
cardboard, plastic or corrugated iron)
b. Formal dwelling place (not for whites) (brick 
structure)
c. Rural dwelling place (mud and thatch) (traditonal 
hut) (reference)

Rated:
1 yes
0 no
Observed distributiona: 11%, b: 77%, c: 12%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.14 p < .05
Informal dwelling place (vs rural), All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.14 p < .10
Informal dwelling place (vs rural), Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.10 p < .10
Formal dwelling place (vs rural), All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.13 p < .05
Formal dwelling place (vs rural), Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I
OPRC's controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - ethnicity
  - head
  - age
  - years of schooling
  - sexe
  - marital status
  - health status
- household characteristics
  - number of children
  - number of pensioners
  - quality toilet
- social capital variables
  - involved in religious activities
  - neigbours
  - crime in neighbourhood
  - member of a group
  - owns a cellular phone
- income variables
  - per capita household income (Rands)
  - actual rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in SA (richest, middle, 
poorest)
  - percieved rank in village/suburb (richest, 
middle, poorest)
  - percieved to be better/same/worse than at age 
15
  - expect to be better/same/worse off 2 years 
hence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelKind of dwelling
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
1 informal dwelling (shack)
2 formal detached dwelling
Observed distribution1: 22%, 2: 61%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                  % happy % Neutral  % unhappy 
informal dwelling    44      12           44
formal dwelling      54      12           34
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.22 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelToilet
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
a:flush toilet in dwelling
b:Pit or bucket latrine
c:Toilet off-site
Observed distributiona:21%, b:34%, c:4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                      %happy  %neutral %unhappy
Flush toilet in dwelling  59    12        29
Pit or bucket latrine     49    12        39
Toilet off-site           41    15        44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of accomodation and neighbourhood variables
Page in Source 40
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Anwer on the question referring to quality of 
accomodation and neighbourhood: Does your accommodation 
have any of the following problems? 
0 No
1 Yes

a Shortage of space
b Noise from neighbours
c Street noise
d Not enough lights
e Lack of adequate heating
f Condensation
g Leaky roof
h Damp walls, floor, etc.
i Rot in windows, floor etc.
j Pollution/environmental problems
k Vandalism or crime
Remarks
T1=average 1997-2000, T2=2002

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-02 ns
Shortage of space

B (-.019)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.01 ns
b Noise from neighbours

B (+.007)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.01 ns
c Street noise

B (+.006)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.07 p < .00
d Not enough lights

B (-.066)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.03 ns
e Lack of adequate heating

B (+.025)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 ns
f Condensation

B (-.013)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
g Leaky roof

B (-.017)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.06 p < .01
h Damp walls, floor, etc.

B (-.059)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
i Rot in windows, floor etc.

B (-.018)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
j Pollution/environmental problems

B (-.021)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
k Vandalism or crime

B (-.023)

B's controled for
- Frequency of meeting friends and relatives
- Talk to neighbours
- Socioeconomic variables
- Other indicators of quality of accomation and 
neighbourhood variables
- Average district income

B's calculated by fixed effects estimations: 
Change in answers from T1 to T2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study US Baltimore, Maryland 1989
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
Public18+ aged, heads of low-income households, Baltimore city, United States, followed 18 months, 1989
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelHousing condition
Page in Source 181
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self-report. Question not reported.
Rated as:
1: poor
.
.
4: excellent
Remarks
T1-T2 lag: 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.20 p < .01
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness, by T1 housing 
condition.

Beta controlled for:
- Form of tenure
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- demographic characteristics
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - sex
  - income
- occupational status
- neighborhood satisfaction
- housing type


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyRohe & Basolo (1997): study US Baltimore, Maryland 1989
TitleLong-Term Effects of Homeownership on the Self-Perceptions and Social Interaction of Low-Income Persons.
SourceEnvironment and Behavior, 1997, Vol. 29, 793 - 819
URLhttp://eab.sagepub.com/content/29/6/793
DOIDOI: 10.1177/0013916597296004
Public18+ aged, heads of low-income households, Baltimore city, United States, followed 36 months, 1989-1991
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelHousing condition
Page in Source 809
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self-report. Qestion not reported.
Rated as:
1: poor
.
.
4: excellent
Remarks
T1-T3 lag: 36 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.26 p < .01
T3-T1 CHANGE in happiness, by T1 housing 
condition.

Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- form of tenure
- demographic characteristics
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - income
  - sex
- occupational status
- neighborthood satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyNear et al. (1978): study US NewYork 1975
TitleWork and Extra-Work Correlates of Life and Job Satisfaction.
SourceAcademy of Management Journal, 1978, Vol. 21, 248 - 264
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/255758
PublicAdults, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =384

Correlate
Author's labelInterviewers rating of home
Page in Source 253
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dR²=.03 p < .01
Explained variance in ANOVA.
Ss whose homes were rated more favorably are 
happier than those whose homes were rated 
unfavorably


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelRooms
Page in Source 19,47
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Selfreport of the number of rooms in the house: 
loglinear function

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.22 p < .05
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= +.21
Nonworkers: B= +.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelBathrooms
Page in Source 19,47
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Selfreport of number of bathrooms in the house: 
loglinear function.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.01 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= +.01
Nonworkers: B= -.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelWalls not in good condition
Page in Source 19,47
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self perceived judgement of the walls in the house:
1 -  not in good condition
0 - in good condition

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=-.55 p < .05
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= -.55
Nonworkers: B= -.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelRoof not in good condition
Page in Source 19,47
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self perceived judgement of theroof of  the house:
1 -  not in good condition
0 - in good condition

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.09 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= =.08
Nonworkers: B= +.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelFloor not in good condition
Page in Source 19,47
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Self perceived judgement of the floor of the house:
1 - not in good condition
0 - in good condition

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=-.10 p < .05
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= -.10
Nonworkers: B= -.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelAccess to running water system
Page in Source 48
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Selfreport of running water in their house
1 - yes
0 - no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.83 p < .05
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= +.84
Nonworkers: B= +.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelAccess to sewerage
Page in Source 48
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Selfreport of access to the sewerage 
1 - yes
0 - no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=-.17 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= -.18
Nonworkers: B= -.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of house
Subject code: H15ab03a

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelAccess to draining pipe
Page in Source 48
Our classificationQuality of house, code H15ab03a
Operationalization
Selfreport of draining pipe in the house
1 - yes
0 - no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= -.00
Nonworkers: B= -.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of housing estate
Subject code: H15ab03b

StudyGehmacher (1992c): study AT 1991
TitleHousing and Happiness:Life Satisfaction as a Consequence of Housing Conditions.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
PublicResidents new appartments blocks, urban areas, Austria, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1472

Correlate
Author's labelHousing estate infra-structure
Page in Source 8
Our classificationQuality of housing estate, code H15ab03b
Operationalization
Comparison of happiness in 20 estates:
have nots vs utilizers.
a. private garden
b. public green in estate
c. adjacent large green
d. sauna in estate
e. swimming pool in estate
f. sun-terrace or roof in estate
g. sport rooms in block
h. club rooms in block
i. garage in block
Remarks
Difference in % fully satisfied with life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+04
a
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+05
b
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+10
c
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+14
d
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+11
e
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+11
f
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+13
g
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+11
h
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aD%=+10
i


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of housing estate
Subject code: H15ab03b

StudyGehmacher (1992c): study AT Wien 1988
TitleHousing and Happiness:Life Satisfaction as a Consequence of Housing Conditions.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
PublicResidents communal housing estates, Vienna, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =886

Correlate
Author's labelCommunal facilities in housing estate
Page in Source 3
Our classificationQuality of housing estate, code H15ab03b
Operationalization
Presence in housing-estate of:
a. Open space (playground, courts, 
   communal green)
b. Utilities (laundries, communal
   workshop, etc)
c. Bath (swimming pool, sauna)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.12
open space
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.00
utilities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bBeta=+.07
bath


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of housing estate
Subject code: H15ab03b

StudyGehmacher (1987a): study AT 1987
TitleGebaude Gemeinschaft. (Builded Community).
SourceSWS Rundschau, 1987, Vol. 27, 147 - 156
URLhttp://www.sws-rundschau.at/
PublicResidents housing estates, Vienna, Austria, 1987
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =218

Correlate
Author's labelContact facilities in housing estate
Page in Source 155
Our classificationQuality of housing estate, code H15ab03b
Operationalization
Comparison of 2 housing estates in Vienna:
1. Low facility estate:  Wiener Flur
   Scattered built, few common facil.
2. High facility estate: Alt-Erlaa
   Compact built,many common facilities
Both estates were built in 1979.
The quality of the housing is comparable.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-aDMt=+1,6
1. 6,2
2, 7,8
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-bDMt=+1,2
1. Mt' = 6,9
2. Mt' = 8,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelKitchen
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,007 SD = 0,085
Remarks
In original: Lack of kitchen. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.11 p < .01
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.105 (05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.05 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = .046 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.12 p < .05
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.113 (.05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.07 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- social life (absolute and relative lack)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.064 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelBath
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,05 SD = 0,067
Remarks
In original: Lack of bath. Order reversed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.08 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.043 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.07 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.032 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.06 ns
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.055 (.05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.05 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- social life (absolute and relative lack of)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.057 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelHeating
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,039 SD = 0,193
Remarks
In original: Lack of heating. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.01 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.001 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.11 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Fixed effects. Random effects: B = -.052 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.02 ns
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.010 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelGarden
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,352 SD = 0,477
Remarks
In original: Lack of garden. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.04 p < .01
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.020 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Fixed effects. Random effects: B = +.031 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.05 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.024 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelBoiler
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution0: M = 0,003 SD = 0,055
Remarks
In original: Lack of boiler. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.03 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.026 (ns)

No significant change when B additionaly controled 
for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life
- relative lack


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelDeprivation in accomodation (relative)
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
Remarks
Deprivation variable: weighted average difference 
between those who are better off and respondent's own 
score.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .05
PORBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- relative lack of
  - income
  - savings
  - facilities
  - durables
  - health

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.009 (ns)

Not significant when B additionally controlled 
for:
- relative lack of
  - social life
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.016 (05)

Not significant when B additionally controlled 
for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.009 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyPosel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008
TitleRelative Standing and Subjective Well-Being in South Africa: The Role of Perception, Expectations and Income Mobility.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 195 - 223
URLhttp://econrsa.org/home/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=295&Itemid=67
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9740-2
Public17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =28000

Correlate
Author's labelToilet
Page in Source 203,208, 212
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
a. flush toilet
b. chemical toilet/pit latrine (not for whites)
c. bucket toilet/no toilet (reference)

Rated:
1 yes
0 no
Observed distributiona: 56%, b: 34%, c: 10%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.31 p < .01
Flush toilet (vs bucket/no toilet),All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.22 p < .01
Flush toilet (vs bucket/no toilet), Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.18 p < .01
Chemical toilet/pit latrine (vs bucket/no toilet), 
All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.17 p < .01
Chemical toilet/pit latrine (vs bucket/no toilet), 
Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I
OPRC's controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - ethnicity
  - head
  - age
  - years of schooling
  - sexe
  - marital status
  - health status
- household characteristics
  - number of children
  - number of pensioners
  - quality dwelling place
- social capital variables
  - involved in religious activities
  - neigbours
  - crime in neighbourhood
  - member of a group
  - owns a cellular phone
- income variables
  - per capita household income (Rands)
  - actual rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in SA (richest, middle, 
poorest)
  - percieved rank in village/suburb (richest, 
middle, poorest)
  - percieved to be better/same/worse than at age 
15
  - expect to be better/same/worse off 2 years 
hence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Facilities in the house
Subject code: H15ab03c

StudyPosel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008
TitleRelative Standing and Subjective Well-Being in South Africa: The Role of Perception, Expectations and Income Mobility.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 195 - 223
URLhttp://econrsa.org/home/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=295&Itemid=67
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9740-2
Public17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =28000

Correlate
Author's labelShared toilet
Page in Source 203,208,212
Our classificationFacilities in the house, code H15ab03c
Operationalization
1. yes,toilet shared with other houses (not for whites)
0. no.
Observed distribution1: 22%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=-.07 ns
All (except whites)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=-.08 ns
Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I
OPRC's controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - ethnicity
  - head
  - age
  - years of schooling
  - sexe
  - marital status
  - health status
- household characteristics
  - number of children
  - number of pensioners
  - quality dwelling place
- social capital variables
  - involved in religious activities
  - neigbours
  - crime in neighbourhood
  - member of a group
  - owns a cellular phone
- income variables
  - per capita household income (Rands)
  - actual rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in SA (richest, middle, 
poorest)
  - percieved rank in village/suburb (richest, 
middle, poorest)
  - percieved to be better/same/worse than at age 
15
  - expect to be better/same/worse off 2 years 
hence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Own room at home
Subject code: H15ab03d

StudyWinkelmann (2006): study DE 2000
TitleParental Separation and Well-Being of Youths. Evidence from Germany.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 197 - 208
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.008
Public16-18 aged, Germany, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelOwn room at home
Page in Source 7,17,18
Our classificationOwn room at home, code H15ab03d
Operationalization
If the adolescent has his/her own bedroom
Observed distributionM =0,8504 (85%), SD = 0,357

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
also  controlled for: 
- non-intact family
- household income
- being a single child
probit result= -0,168
CI95=[ -0,40  0,06]
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
additionally controlled for:
-gender
-German nationality
-Territory of West Germany
-Being in school
-Engaged in vocational training
-work
-lives at home
-region of childhood (mid-sized city,small-city, 
rural area)
probit result= -0,080
CI95=[ -0,33  0,17]
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
additionally controlled for
-type of school(hauptschule, realschule, 
gymnasium)
-good student
-repeat a grade
-education of parents(father gymnasium, mother 
gymnasium)
-log number of books in the household
probit result=-0,042
CI95=[ -0,30  0,21]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelProperty size
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
Selfreport on the size of property (m2)
Observed distributionM = 99.59

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
 -homeownership property status
 -property tenure
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyWang et al. (2013): study CN 2008
TitleHappiness and Job Satisfaction in Urban China: A Comparative Study of Two Generations of Migrants and Urban Locals.
SourceDiscussion Paper No. 08-13, 2013, Monash University, Department of Economics, USA
Public19+ aged, general public, China, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5395

Correlate
Author's labelLiving space
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
What is the total floor area of your current 
house/flat?
.. square meters

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
FULL SAMPLE               (N=5395)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 ns
FIRST-GENERATION MIGRANTS (N=2213)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
NEW-GENERATION MIGRANTS   (N=444)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
URBAN LOCALS              (N=2738)

B's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- gender
- years of education
- marital status
- health status
- having children
- hourly income
- region of residence
- number of friends
- perceived recent change in social class
- job satisfaction

Full sample is additionally controlled for migrant 
status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyKnight & Gunatilaka (2010): study CN 2002
TitleGreat Expectations? The Subjective Well-Being of Rural-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceWorld Development, 2010, Vol. 38, 113 - 124
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.03.002
Public16+ aged rural-urban migrants, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1930

Correlate
Author's labelHouse area
Page in Source 116
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Total usable area of your house (square meters)
Calculated as per capita house area
Observed distributionM=11.39

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.00 ns
B controlled for:
- Future income expectations
- Gender
- Marital Status
- Interaction gender*marital status
- Education
- Financial assets
- Unemployment
- Working hours
- Health
- Duration of urban residence
- Regional income
- Living with family members
- Remittances
- Household income
- Living in own house
- Heating
- Child left behind
- Number of friends/relatives in city


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelSquare meters of housing per capita
Page in Source 1194, 1195
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Total usable area of your house (square meters)
Calculated as per capita house area
Error EstimatesM=14.3 SD= 9.59

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.00 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Age
  d) Gender
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Communist Party Member
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Marital status
- City characteristics
  l) GDP per capita  
  m) Population growth
  n) City size
  o) Region in country
  p) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants
  r) Between-group inequality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelHouse size (surface)
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
squared meters
Observed distributionM = 106,98 SD = 46,809

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.000 (ns)

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life
- relative lack of
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health 
  - social life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelHrooms
Page in Source 18, 14, 9
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
Number of rooms in the main residence.
Observed distributionn.a.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=+.02 ns
b controlled for
- gender
- years of education
- household size
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- marital status
- age
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyAndersson et al. (2013a): study SE Västra Götalands län 2012 /1
TitleGreenhouse Gas Emission and Subjective Well-Being: An Analalysis of Swedish Households.
SourceEcological Economics, 2014, Vol. 102, 75 - 82
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.03.018
Public25-65 aged,general public, southwest Sweden, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response59.9%
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelSize of residence
Page in Source 79
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
m2 (square meter).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.04 ns
Beta controled for:
- education
- gender
- age
- has children


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyDanzer & Danzer (2014): study UA 2003 /1
TitleThe Long-Run Consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on Subjective Well-Being, Mental Health and Welfare.
SourceMunich Discussion Paper, 2014, No. 2014-25, Munich, Germany
URLhttp://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20969/
Public15-75 aged, Ukraine, followed 4 years, 2003-2007,
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =7985

Correlate
Author's labelSpace pc
Page in Source 16,36
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
Living space per capita.
Observed distributionM = 23.2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-rbBeta=+.04 p < .01
Beta controled for 
- personal characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
- socio-economic status
  - education
  - income
  - employement
- physical condition
  - chronic illness
  - height
  - drinking
  - smoking
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Surface of house
Subject code: H15ab03e

StudyDanzer & Danzer (2014): study UA 2003
TitleThe Long-Run Consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on Subjective Well-Being, Mental Health and Welfare.
SourceMunich Discussion Paper, 2014, No. 2014-25, Munich, Germany
URLhttp://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20969/
Public6000+ adults, aged 15 to 75, Ukraine
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =11922

Correlate
Author's labelSpace pc
Page in Source 16,36
Our classificationSurface of house, code H15ab03e
Operationalization
Total living of household in sqm. divided by number of 
household members.
Observed distributionM = 23,2 (min: 5,3; max: 152.0)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.04 p < .01
Beta controled for:
- gender
- married state
- widowed state
- separated state
- chronic disease
- drinker
- smoker
- height
- unemployed
- inactive
- household size
- log income
- years of schooling
- pensioner


Correlational finding on Happiness and Cost of housing
Subject code: H15ac

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelDifficulty meeting housing costs
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationCost of housing, code H15ac
Operationalization
Self report on single question

Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Cost of housing
Subject code: H15ac

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelPercentage of income spent on housing cost
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationCost of housing, code H15ac
Operationalization
Self report on single question

Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Cost of housing
Subject code: H15ac

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelDifficulties with housing costs
Page in Source 258, 262, 264
Our classificationCost of housing, code H15ac
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=-.16
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Personal worrries
 - % of income spent on housing costs
 - Living area
 - Ideal age preference
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=-.22
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Personal worrries
 - Living area
 - Retail store access
 - Ideal age preference
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=-.18
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Personal worrries
 - Living area
 - Retail store access
 - Social age identity
 - Government planning
 - Worries/getting around


Correlational finding on Happiness and Cost of housing
Subject code: H15ac

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's label% income spent on housing costs
Page in Source 258
Our classificationCost of housing, code H15ac
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=-.13
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Living area
 - Personal worries
 - Ideal age preference


Correlational finding on Happiness and Cost of housing
Subject code: H15ac

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly housing expenses
Page in Source 792
Our classificationCost of housing, code H15ac
Operationalization
Self report of housing expenses per 100 euro

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- p < .01
OPRC (-.00006822) per euro

OPRC controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size. OPRC means only that more housing 
expenditures goes with less happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Cost of housing
Subject code: H15ac

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelln value of home
Page in Source Table 1
Our classificationCost of housing, code H15ac
Operationalization
Current value of the respondent's home if the 
respondent is a home-owner. Answer to the question: 
''How much do you think your home would sell for now?''
Observed distributionM: 10.871USD; SD: 0.81USD

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.07 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- Income relative to neighborhood
- Household income
- Renter
- Usual working hours
- Employment status
- Gender
- Age
- Race
- Years of education
- Household size
- Religion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to housing
Subject code: H15ad

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelResidence feels like a home
Page in Source 237
Our classificationAttitudes to housing, code H15ad
Operationalization
Single closed question: To what degree does your 
current place of residence feel like a 'home' to you 
(i.e., a personal refuge, sanctury, etc.)? Rated o a 
11-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'completely'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.35 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to housing
Subject code: H15ad

StudyHaisken-DeNew & Sinning (2010): study DE West Germany 2000
TitleSocial Deprivation of Immigrants in Germany.
SourceReview of Income and Wealth, 2010, Vol 56, 715 -733
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2010.00417.x
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, Germany, followed 5 years, 2000-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =33186

Correlate
Author's labelSubjective opinion as to domicile size
Page in Source 723, 725
Our classificationAttitudes to housing, code H15ad
Operationalization
1: living space in house is just right or too large. 
0: otherwise
Observed distribution1: 83.7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.20 p < .01
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in subjective 
appreciation of living space.

B controlled for:
- age and age squared
- children in household
- employment status
- education
- having a car and telephone
- relative income
- quality of house
- having a PC/stereo/dishwasher
- health
- marital status
- cultural participation
- religious participation
- active in sports


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to housing
Subject code: H15ad

StudyZehner (1977): study US 1973
TitleIndicators of the Quality of Life in New Communities.
SourceBallinger, 1977, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
PublicResidents communities,planned and unplanned, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3894

Correlate
Author's labelSubsidized housing
Page in Source 118/119
Our classificationAttitudes to housing, code H15ad
Operationalization
0. Non-subsidized housing 
1. Subsidized housing

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aD%= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about housing
Subject code: H15ad01

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelDifficulty meeting housing costs
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationConcern about housing, code H15ad01
Operationalization
Self report on single question

Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about housing
Subject code: H15ad01

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelShortage of housing
Page in Source 261
Our classificationConcern about housing, code H15ad01
Operationalization
Have you experienced shortage of housing
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 2102 Ever in your life: N = 378

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.16
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.13
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.90
ever in your life:  M = 3.63
95% CI for difference:   [0.18 ; 0.36]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about housing
Subject code: H15ad01

StudyBöhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelAccomodation problems
Page in Source 24
Our classificationConcern about housing, code H15ad01
Operationalization
Number of deficits perceived

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.55 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.42 p < .05
B controlled for:
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-class/occupation
-education
-rooms per person
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.41 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.40 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.31 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about housing
Subject code: H15ad01

StudyPerneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998
TitleHealth and Happines in Young Swiss Adults.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 171 - 178
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000015314.97546.60
PublicUniversity students, Switzerland, 1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1257

Correlate
Author's labelHousing problems
Page in Source 174
Our classificationConcern about housing, code H15ad01
Operationalization
1- No
2- Yes
Observed distribution1: 89,8%, 2: 10,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=- p < .001
% happy (all or most of the time)
1: 65,0
2: 45,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyShyy et al. (2007): study AU Queensland 2003
TitleMapping Quality of Life in the South East Queensland Region with a Web-Based Application.
SourceJournal of Spatial Science, 2007, Vol. 52, 13 - 22
DOIDOI:10.1080/14498596.2007.9635110
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, Brisbane-South East Queensland (SEQ), 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1612

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 20
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.34
Individual satisfaction with housing by individual 
happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyRyan & Dziurawiec (2001): study AU 1998
TitleMaterialism and Its Relationship to Life Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 55, 185 - 197
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011002123169
PublicAdults, Perth, Australia, 1998
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =162

Correlate
Author's labelHouse/unit/flat
Page in Source 192
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: "How do you feel about 
your  house/apartment?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly  
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted
Observed distributionM=5.6 SD=1.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-ar=+.35 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelHouse
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
1 single question on satisfaction with  your 
house/flat, scored on a 1-9 rating scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.6 SD = 1.4
Remarks
Item scored on the same rating scale as the question on 
happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.30 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.06
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.04
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyHeadey et al. (1984a): study AU 1978
TitleThe Impact of Life Events and Changes in Domain Satisfactions on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 203 - 227
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00668671
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 3 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1979-80
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 211
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 9- point scale (delighted 
...  terrible) Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 ns
Happiness T2 by satisfaction T2, controlling for 
happiness T1 and satisfaction T1.

ß can be interpreted as regression between CHANGE 
OF HAPPINESS and CHANGE OF SATISFACTION in time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyGehmacher (1987a): study AT 1987
TitleGebaude Gemeinschaft. (Builded Community).
SourceSWS Rundschau, 1987, Vol. 27, 147 - 156
URLhttp://www.sws-rundschau.at/
PublicResidents housing estates, Vienna, Austria, 1987
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =218

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 150
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 1-5 step scale.
Remarks
ß controled for satisfaction with leisure, social 
contacts and activities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-ar=+.29
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.29
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.18 p < .05
Contact-facilities in housing estate:
- high  ß=+.10
- low   ß=+.06
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.18 p < .05
- high ß=+.15
- low  ß=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyGehmacher (1986): study AT 1986
TitleGlück als Mathematische Gleichung. (Happiness as a Mathematical Equation).
SourceStart und Aufstieg: die Zeitschrift des Berufsförderungsinstituts, Austria, 1986, 8 - 9
PublicAdults, age range not reported, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1814

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 9
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-ar=+.37
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-aBeta=+.15
ß controled for satisfaction with work, health, 
leisure and politics


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyDann (1984): study BB 1981
TitleThe Quality of Life in Barbados.
SourceMacmillan Publishers, 1984, London, UK
Public18+ aged, Barbados, 1981
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =865

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 191
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
'How satisfied are you with the house/appartment in 
which you are living?'
1 utterly dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-?-9-cr=+.39
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your housing?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.10 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.11 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos (2003): study CA Prince George 2001
TitlePolicing Services and The Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 1 - 18
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1021259917948
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response72%
Respondents N =687

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with your house
Page in Source 13-14
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them 
today.  Please indicate how satisfied you are with each 
of them.... 
How satisfied are you with your house?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.09 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta'controlled for satisfaction with
- your family relations
- your living partner
- your job
- your friendships
- your health
- your spiritusl fulfilment
- your financial security
- your recreational activities
- your self-esteem
- your local policing services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006): study CA British Columbia 1998
TitleA Note on Student Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 51 - 59
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-2404-y
PublicUniversity students Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1998 - 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3407

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 52, 54
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your housing?
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.3, SD = 1.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.32 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.30 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.36 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your house?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.39 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.04 p < .05
All               +.04
Males             +.04
Females           +.02
18-24 aged        ns
25+ aged          +.04
Aboriginals       ns
other ethnecities +.04
uemployed         ns
other workstatus  +.04
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.44 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.08 p < .05
All               +.08
Males             +.08
Females           +.08
18-24 aged        ns
25+ aged          +.08
Aboriginals       ns
other ethnecities +.08
uemployed         ns
other workstatus  +.08
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.32 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.03
All               +.03
Males             +.04
Females           ns
18-24 aged        ns
25+ aged          +.03
Aboriginals       ns
other ethnecities +.03
uemployed         ns
other workstatus  +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos (1985): study CA Guelph CMA 1985
TitleMultiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 347 - 413
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00333288
PublicStudents undergraduates University of Guelph, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =700

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 365
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on suitability of present home,rated on 
a 7 point scale. 1: terrible...7:delightful.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.12 p < .01
N: 296

ß controlled for satisfaction with:
health, financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, recreation, religion, 
self-esteem and education 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos (1986): study CA 1984
TitleAn Application of Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT) to Seniors.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 349 - 378
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300488
Public60+ aged, rural districts, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =457

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 360
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on suitability of present home, rated 
on a 7-point scale. 1: terrible..7: delightful.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.15 p < .01
ß controlled for self-esteem and satisfaction 
with: health, financial security, friendships, 
spouse.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.17 p < .01
ß controlled for self-esteem and satisfaction 
with: health, financial security, friendships, 
spouse.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.17 p < .01
Males
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.26 p < .01
Females
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.20 p < .01
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 233
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on suitability of present home, rated 
on a 7-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.09
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, area you live in, 
recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation, government services, 
and for the demographic factors: sex, age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  ß: +.04
Females: N: 154  ß: +.16
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.09
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, area you live in, 
recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation, government services; and for sex, 
age, formal education, language, work status, 
marital status, time in area.

Males  : N: 173  ß: +.06
Females: N: 154  ß: +.16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1980, Vol. 8, 385 - 422
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00461152
PublicUniversity staff members, Guelph Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response59%
Respondents N =357

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 399
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 7-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.25 p < .01
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.27 p < .01
Controlled for 1     rpc= -.09 (05)
Controlled for 1+2   rpc= -.10 (05)
Controlled for 1+3   rpc= -.06 (ns)
Controlled for 1+2+3 rpc= -.06 (ns)
Controlled for 1     ß  = -.05 
Controlled for 1+3+4 ß  = -.02
                     
1= Satisfaction with health, financial security,
   family life, friendships,  job, free time
   activity, education, self-esteem, area you
   live in, ability to get around, security from
   crime.
2= Global happiness(indicator 2, HAPP 1.1)
3= Demographic factors ( sex, age, marital
   status, education, family income)             
4= Workstatus.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-arpc=+.02 ns
rpc controlled for: Satisfaction with health , 
financial security, family life, friendships, job, 
free time activity, education, self-esteem, area 
you live in, ability to get around, security from 
crime.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on suitability of present home,rated on 
a 7-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.21
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with family 
life, friendships, financial security, self 
esteem, spouse, health, transportation, 
recreation,  religion,area you live in, government 
services; and for sex, age, formal education.
Males:      N:149  ß:+.18
Females     N:121  ß:+.19
Farmer      N:130  ß:+.16
Non-farmer  N:141  ß:+.22
Aged 60-74  N:170  ß:+.21
Aged 75-up  N:102  ß:+.23
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.01
All ß's are controlled for satisfaction with 
family life, friendships, financial 
security,self-esteem, spouse, health, 
transportation,recreation, religion, area you live 
in,government services; and for sex, age and 
education.
Males       N:149  ß:+.02
Females     N:121  ß:-.05
Farmers     N:130  ß:- 02
Non-farmers N:141  ß:-.03
Age 60-74   N:170  ß:-.04
Age 75-up   N:102  ß:+.02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSat. with living accommodation in thecommunity
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+
Males  : r = +.23 (01)
Females: r = +.08 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with welfare provision
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self-report on three questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) economic security in old age
b) current housing conditions
c) means of transportation
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.08, b) M=3.11, c) M=3.12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.02 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH ECONOMIC SECURITY IN OLD AGE
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.12 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH CURRENT HOUSING CONDITIONS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.00 p < .NS
SATISFACTION WITH MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Occupation and social status
- Government policies and environment
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your house?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M=8,8; SD=1,3; Rural: M= 8,7; SD=1,5; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.20 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.15 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a
11-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      +.19       +.27       +.18       +.19
1980       
1984      +.19       +.25       +.17       +.18
1988      +.21       +.28       +.18       +.20

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      +.35       +.36       +.34       +.33
1980
1984      +.32       +.33       +.32       +.32
1988      +.27       +.28       +.25       +.26

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and  marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your house?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban: M=8.1; SD=2.0; Rural: M= 8.8; SD=1.6; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.16 p < .05
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 125, 127
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on an 11-point scale
Single question: 
All in all, how satisfied are you with your house?
Observed distributionWest Germany: M=8,8; SD=1,6; East Germany: M=8,1; SD=2,2; p<0,001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMollenkopf (2002): study DE 1995
TitleMobilität und Lebensqualität im Alter. Objektive Voraussetzungen und subjektive Bedeutung in der mobilen Gesellschaft. (Mobility and Quality of Life in Old Age).
SourceGlatzer,W.; et al; Eds.: "Sozialen Wandel und gesellschaftliche Dauerbeobachtung", Leske & Budrich, 2002, Germany, 255 - 271
Public55+ aged, East and West Germany, 1995 and 1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1216

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 269
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your house?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionA: N=400; B:N=404; C: N=205; D:N=207

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.10 p < .05
Mannheim (big city West Germany)     .
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.19 p < .001
Chemnitz (big city East Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.02 ns
Hunsrück (rural area West Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.03 ns
Lausitz (rural area East Germany)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- financial situation
- health
- local environment
- living area
- leisure possibilities
- travelling possibilities
- mobility possibilities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyGuven (2009b): study DE 1984
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =21000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with dwelling
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on 0-10 scale.
Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.09
OLS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=+.06
FIXED EFFECTS MODEL

B and OLRC controlled for satisfaction with:
- leisure
- housework
- income
- health
- environment
- work


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your house?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M = 8,3; SD = 2,1; Rural: M = 7,6; SD = 2,4; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with apartment
Page in Source 372
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question ranging from 'very un- satisfied' to 
'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.30
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.26


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your house?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M=8,8; SD=1,8; Rural: M= 8,5; SD=1,4; p<.05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.13 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyLeonardi et al. (1999): study IT 1995
TitleThe Top-Down/Bottom-Up Controvercy from a Constructionist Approach: A Method for Measuring Top-Down Effects Applied to Sample of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 187 - 216
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006977717925
Public55+aged, Italy, followed 5 years 1995-200
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response50.5%
Respondents N =297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 63, 65
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Full text not reported
0  very unsatisfied
.
.
10 very satisfied
Observed distributionM =8.08, SD= 1.93
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1995) and T2: (2000)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-er=+.28 p < .05
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-erpc=+.27 p < .05
rpc controled for objective living conditions with 
which they are significantly correlated.

This partial correlation is seen to indicate a 
'top-down' effect of overall satisfaction with 
life on satisfaction with this life domain


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyLew & Park (1998): study KR 1996
TitleEconomic Development, Housing Standards, and Quality of Life in South Korea.
SourceDevelopment and Society, 1998, Vol. 27, 51 - 66
Public20-60 aged, general public, South Korea, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelhousing satisfaction
Page in Source 61
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
single question:
'how satisfied with the home you and    your family 
currently live'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-fBeta=+.10 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- satisfaction with social security and        
  cultural life
- satisfaction with economic social status
- satisfaction with personal relations and
  health
- satisfaction with child raising and education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyGuardiola et al. (2013): study MX Yucatán 2008
TitleThe Influence of Water Access in Subjective Well-Being: Some Evidence in Yucatan, Mexico
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 110, 207 - 218
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-011-9925-3
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9925-3
Public373 heads of household, town in rural area, Mexico, Yucatan, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'How do you feel in 
relation to your house'. Rated on a 0-10 numerical 
scale.
Observed distributionM = 7,51, SD = 1,91

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-gb=+.07 p < .+.14
B controled for satisfaction with:
- health
- work
- money
- nurture
- leisure
- community
- water

Values not much different from model without 
water.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyPalisi (1984): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /1
TitleHousehold Crowding and Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.
SourceInternational Journal of Sociology of the Family, 1984, Vol. 14, 17 - 31
PublicMales, metropolitan areas, London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 25-26
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Subjective crowding: closed questions on how frequently 
the respondent has had the following feelings, ranging 
from 1 (all the time) to 4 (never):
- feelings that the home is the right   size
- feelings of personal privacy from   household members
- perception of lack of room in the   household
- feelings that there are too many   people at home
- feelings that people get in each   other's way at 
home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aBeta=
Subj. crowding      London     L.A.       Sydndey
-right size   ß =   +.13 ns    +.19 05    +.08 ns
-privacy      ß =        ns         ns         ns
-lack room    ß =   +.06 ns    -.03 ns    -.06 ns
-too many     ß =   -.06 ns    +.07 ns    -.16 ns
-in way       ß =   -.03 ns    -.14 ns    +.04 ns
              R²=    .07 ns     .10 ns     .08 ns

All values controlled for marriage status, 
occupation, education, age and neighbourhood 
noise.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 12,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your house?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M = 8,1; SD = 1,4; Rural: M = 8,3; SD = 1,3; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.27 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBecker & Vink (1984): study NL 1982
TitleWerkelozen, Arbeidsongeschikten en Werkenden Vergeleken. ( A Comparison between the Unemployed, Disabled Workers and the Employed).
SourceSocial and Cultural Planning Office, 1984, Rijswijk, Netherlands
URLhttps://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_1996_en_eerder/Werklozen_arbeidsongeschikten_en_werkenden_vergeleken
Public18-64 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1982
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response68-94%
Respondents N =465

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source V582
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
"To what extent are you satisfied with your housing 
(the quality of the house you are living in)?"
0=very dissatisfied 
1=dissatisfied
2=neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3=satisfied
4=very satisfied
Observed distributionM=2.1868 SD=0.9567

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.14 p < .002
working
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.25 p < .000
unemployed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.23 p < .000
disabled


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with home
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.06 p < .01
B controlled for satisfaction with:
-Health
-Residential environment
-Friends and acquaintances
-Social position
-Education
-Financial resources
-Dutch society
-Government
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.04 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Employment
-Age
-Household composition
-Satisfaction with:
 -Health
 -Friends and acquaintances
 -Social position
 -Financial resources
 -Dutch society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudySondermeyer (1975): study NL 1970
TitleGezondheid en Geluk. (Health Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Report, 1975, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public40-60 aged male employees, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 197?
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question:
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.26 p < . 000
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.26 p < . 000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 27
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an open graphic scale ranging 
from 'very dissatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.41 p < .05
Lower among medium S.E.S.
Stronger among high or low S.E.S.
Lower among medium and high educational level.
Unaffected by age and sex.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 192
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Direct question.
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+
Never married males  : r = +.30 (01)
Married males        : r = +.01 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.29 (025)
Married females      : r = +.04 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyKoralewicz & Zagorski (2009): study PL 2007
TitleLiving Conditions and Optimistic Orientation of Poles.
SourceInternational Journal of Sociology, 2009, Vol. 39, 10 - 44
DOIDOI:10.2753/IJS0020-7659390401
PublicAdults, general public, Poland, 2007
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 15,19
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question; question not reported:
5 very satisfied
4 rather satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
Observed distribution1: 3,0%, 2: 7,2%, 3: 21,5%, 4: 45,7%, 5: 22,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.10 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction 
with:
- friends and acquaintances
- chances for the future
- wife/husband
- health
- locality of residence
- education
- employment
- income
- children
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.08 p < .001
Beta additionally controlled for satisfaction 
with:
- material living conditions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source question 20
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
How satisfied are you with your housing conditions? 
1 completely dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 rather satisfied
4 quite satisfied
- DK/NA
Observed distribution1: 20,7% 2: 24,2% 3: 34,3% 4: 18,9% DK/NA: 1,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=+
1: M = 2,29
2: M = 2,40
3: M = 2,58
4: M = 2,86
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+.23 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 235
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single question "How do you feel about your housing 
right now?".
Rated on 7-point scale from:
1.Terrible.......to
.
.
7. Delighted.
Observed distributionM= 4.21; SD=1.67.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.32 p < .01
p  two-tailed
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=+.31 p < .01
p two tailed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyPeil (1984): study SL 1981
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00692990
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
Sample
Non-Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 372
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Direct question: "How do you feel about your house?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-ar=+
Males  : r = +.32
Females: r = +.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 363,370,371
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
their "Housing" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distribution-2:0.7%, -1:2.9%, 0:9.2%, +1:33.8%, +2:53.4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.01 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=-.03 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.02 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.01 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.05 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.05 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.05 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.03 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBatista-Foguet et al. (1996): study ES Cataluna 1989
TitleSatisfaction in Catalonia, Spain.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Eötvös University Press, 1996, Hungary, 155 - 174
Public16+ aged, general public, Catalonia, Spain, 1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =406

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 159-168
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you recently with your housing?"
1. completely dissatisfied
2. dissatisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  satisfied
5  completely satisfied
Observed distributionM= 3.58; SD= 1.04 Scale % 1. 2.7 2. 13.8 3. 26.6 4. 36.5 5. 20.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ear=+.33
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-earp=+.48
rp corrects for random and systematic measurement 
error


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBernow (1985): study SE 1982
TitleLivskvaliteten i Sverige. (Quality of Life in Sweden).
SourceStockholm Läns Landsting, 1985, Stockholm, Sweden
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bernow_r_1982.pdf
Public18-70 aged, general public, Sweden, 1982
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1558

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with residence
Page in Source 39
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-ar=+.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelHome
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
How satisfied are you with the conditions of your 
living 
place?
1  Very dissatisfied
2  Dissatisfied
3  Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  Satisfied
5  Very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Question on home taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full WHOQOL 
questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.22 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.21 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyRees et al. (2012): study GB 2008
TitleThe Good Childhood Report 2012. A Review of Our Children's Well-Being.
SourceResearch Paper, The Children's Society, 2012, Leeds, UK
URLhttp://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/good_childhood_report_2012_final_0.pdf
PublicChildren 8-15, United Kingdom, 2010
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9485

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of home environment
Page in Source 13,15
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Happiness with Home rated on a 11 point scale 0 very 
unhappy to 11 very happy.
Observed distributionM = 8,2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-u-mq-n-11-ar=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house domain
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with your house?
1: not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7: completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.07 p < .00
Females
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.08 p < .00
Males

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome difficulties
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelAccommodation
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
-How satisfied are you with:
-the living arrangements here?
-the amount of independence you have here?
-the amount of influence you have here?
-living with the people who you do? 
-the amount of privacy that you have here?
-the prospect of living here for a long time?
-the prospect of returning to live in hospital? (if 
applicable)
Remarks
Satisfaction Subscale of Lancashire Quality of Life 
Profile (LQOLP) [Oliver 1991].

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.41
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.47 p < .001
rpc controled for depression as measured with Beck 
Depression Inventery(BDI)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyHall (1973): study GB 1971
TitleMeasuring the Quality of Life Using Sample Surveys.
SourceStöber, J.;et al;Eds..: "Technology Assessment and the Quality of Life", Elsevier, 1973, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 93 - 102
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =593

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 100
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Question rated on a 7-point self- anchoring scale, 
based on Cantril (1965) 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-ar=+.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 21
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point
self-anchoring scale, based on Cantril
(1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyHall (1976): study GB 1971
TitleSubjective Measures of Quality of Life in Britain, 1971 to 1975: Some Developments and Trends.
SourceSocial Trends, 1976, Vol. 7, 47 - 60
URLhttp://independent.academia.edu/JohnFHall/Papers/81542/Subjective_measures_of_quality_of_life_in_Britain_Some_developments_and_trends_Hall_1976b_
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1971-1975
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =593

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Direct closed question rated on a 11-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.18
1971
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.35
1973
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.37
1975


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelHousing satisfaction
Page in Source 164
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your housing situation?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.38 p < .01
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- political situation
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- do-it-yourself repairs
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAckerman et al. (1989): study US 1986
TitleFarm Work and Family: Major Sources of Satisfaction for Farm Families.
SourceUtah Science, 1989, Vol. 50, 134 - 142
PublicDairy farm couples, Utah, USA,1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 139, 140, 141
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about your house?
7: delighted
6: happy
5: mostly satisfied
4: mixed
3: mostly dissatisfied
2: unhappy
1: terrible
Observed distributionM = wives: 5,48; husbands 5,92; difference is significant at 0,001 level

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.08 ns
Wives
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.02 ns
Husbands

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
-farm work
-family activities
-oneself
-leisure: amount of fun
-leisure: time (available)
-off-farm job (only if husband and wife have 
off-farm-jobs)
-family income
-goods and services
-national government

Beta's very similar if satisfaction with farm work 
is removed from regression-equation.
(wives: +0,06, husbands: +0,01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyFranklin et al. (1986): study US 1985
TitleAssessing Quality of Life of the Mentally Ill. A Three Dimensional Model.
SourceEvaluation & The Health Professions, 1986, Vol. 9, 376 -388
Public18-65 aged, mentally ill, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 383
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aAoV=7.89 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.27
Beta controlled for actual housing

(No significant relation between objective 
(actual) housing type and satisfaction with 
housing)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBach & Tilton (1994): study US 1984
TitleLife Satisfaction and Well-Being Measures in Ventilator Assisted Individuals with Traumatic Tertaplegia.
SourceArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 1994, Vol. 75, 626 - 632
PublicTetraplegia patients and controls,USA,1984-86
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response40%
Respondents N =87

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 627-629
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1 completely dissatisfied
.
.
7 completely satisfied
Observed distributionPatients: Ventilator assisted M = 5.56 SD = 2.06 Patients: Autonoom breathing M = 4.96 SD = 1.47 Healthy controls M = 5.21 SD =1.54

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.19 ns
Patients: Ventilator assisted
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.00 ns
Patients: Autonoom breathing
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.39 p < .001
Healthy controls


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyMeredith (1984): study US 1982
TitleLevel and Correlates of Perceived Quality of Life for Lao Hmong Refugees in Nebraska.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 83 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315723
Public16+ aged, recent refugees from Laos, USA, 1982
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =145

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 91
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale: How do you feel about your 
residence (house, apartment, duplex)?



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.16 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyLehman (1988): study US 1981
TitleA Quality of Life Interview for the Chronically Mentally Ill.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1988, Vol. 11, 51 - 62
PublicChronic mental patients, USA,1981
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =469

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Page in Source 57
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
satisfaction with living situation 
question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.45 p < .0001
Los Angeles: mentally ill residents of 30 large 
board-and-care homes
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.42 p < .0001
Rochester: chronically mentally ill inpatients at 
the Rochester(N.Y.) Psychiatric Center
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.45 p < .0001
Rochester:chronically mentaly ill residents of 
various supervised community residences


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyStokols et al. (1983): study US 1980
TitleResidential Mobility and Personal Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Environmental Psychology, 1983, Vol. 3, 5 - 19
PublicUniversity employees, California, USA, 1980
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =242

Correlate
Author's labelResidential congruence
Page in Source 9,12
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Index of 19 questions on satisfaction with current 
housing: 
a:  5 items on features of the dwelling
b: 14 items on neighborhood characteristics

Rated:
-2 very dissatisfied
;
+2 very satisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of each item on a 
5-point scale ranging from 'unimportant'  to ' very 
important' (1 to 5). For each item a satisfaction by 
importance product was computed. 

The sum of these products provided an overall measure 
for residential congruence.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cDM=+ p < .001
F(1,235)=12.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyCampbell (1981): study US 1978
TitleThe Sense of Well-Being in America.
SourceMcGraw-Hill, 1981, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Responseabout 20 %
Respondents N =3692

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 157
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single closed question on amount of 
satisfaction with housing, rated on a
7-point scale ranging from completely dissatisfied to 
completely satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyHerzog et al. (1982): study US 1978 /1
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Different Age Groups.
SourceResearch Report I.S.R., University of Michigan, 1982, Ann Arbor, USA
Public25-97 aged, general public, USA, 1971-1978
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6918

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with residence
Page in Source 68- 72
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
DATASET 1
"This community as a place to live?":
"How do you feel about your house or appartment?"
Both rated on a 7-point scale (high score indicating 
high satisfaction): responses were combined into index.
DATASET 6 and 7
"Consider all the things we have talked about, how 
satisfied or dissatisfied are you eith this 
house/appartement?:
"I want you to tell me how satisfied you are with (name 
city or county) as a place to live in".
Both rated on a 7-point scale (high score indicating 
high satisfaction): responses were combined into index.
Remarks
DATASETS:
1: 1972,    N=1955, SI Study,   See ANDRE 1976
6: 1971,    N=1822, QOL Survey, See CAMPB 1975
7: 1978,    N=3141, QOL Survey, See CAMPB 1981
                                           

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.08 p < .05
DATASET 1: ß identical across age 
(25-44/45-64/65-97). ß controlled for Economic, 
Job, Health, Marriage and Interpersonal/Leisure 
satisfaction.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.04 ns
DATASET 6: ß identical across age 
(25-44/45-64/65-97). ß controlled for Economic, 
Job, Health, Marriage and Inerpersonal/Leisure 
satisfaction.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.05 p < .05
DATASET 7: ß identical across age 
(25-44/45-64/65-97). ß controlled for Economic, 
Job, Health, Marriage and Interpersonal/Leisure 
satisfaction.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyWhite (1979): study US 1977
TitleSex Differentials in the Effect of Remarriage on Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1979, Vol. 41, 869 -876
PublicAdult, general public,, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1085

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with present residence
Page in Source 874
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single closed question:"How satis-
factory is your present residence?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=
1:first marriage men    r = +.23  (05)
2:first marriage women  r = +.18  (05)
3:remarriage men        r = +.31  (05)
4:remarriage women      r = -.07  (ns)



Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house/apartment
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single closed question: 'How do you feel about your 
house/apartment?, rated on a 7-point Delighted-Terrible 
scale, ranging from (1) Delighted to (7) Terrible, (8) 
neither. (order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.21    (01)
T2: 1979     r= +.13    (05)
T3: 1981     r= +.36    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyShin & Johnson (1978): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness as the Overall Assesment of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 475 - 492
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352944
PublicHeads of households, Illinois, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =665

Correlate
Author's labelAssessment of housing
Page in Source 483/487
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single closed question rated on a scale 
ranging from excellent to very poor

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.29 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for:
- assessments only
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for :
- assessments
- resources
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for:
- assessments
- comparisons
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.09
Beta controlled for:
- assessment
- resources
- comparisons

Assessments:satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- leisure time
- health
- education
- community
- government
Resources:
- race
- sex
- age
- income
- education
- house ownership
- marital status
- number of children
- number of household members
Comparisons:
- perception of being happier than others
- perceived financial improvement in the past few 
years.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house, apartment
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 7-point scale: How 
satisfied or dissatisfied are you with this house, 
apartment: completely satisfied / very satisfied / 
satisfied / satisfied-dissatisfied / dissatisfied / 
very dissatisfied / completely dissatisfied?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.24 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.31 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.25 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAngrist (1974): study US 1974
TitleDimensions of Well-Being in Public Housing Families.
SourceEnvironment and Behavior, 1974, Vol. 6, 495 - 516
PublicPublic housing tenants, USA, 1974
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelPoor livability
Page in Source 504, 510
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Summed aspects of satisfaction with:
a) administration
b) maintenance
c) safety inside and outside the apartment 
d) services.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-aa=-.12
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aa=+.30
Rotated factor loadings in a model with 39 other 
variables, of which most involve housing quality, 
living environment, neighbors and relatives.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyCrandall (1976): study US Ohio 1973
TitleValidation of Self-Report Measures Using Ratings by Others.
SourceSociological Methods and Measures, 1976, Vol. 4, 380 -400
URLhttp://smr.sagepub.com/content/4/3/380.full.pdf+html
PublicAdults, Toledo, USA, 1973
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =771

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house
Page in Source 388
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your house?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Correlation (+.37) with peer rating of the participants 
satisfaction with his/her house.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.09 ns
Own happiness by own satisfaction with house

Similar correlation (+.08) between ratings of 
participants happiness and satisfaction with 
house.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyZehner (1977): study US 1973
TitleIndicators of the Quality of Life in New Communities.
SourceBallinger, 1977, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
PublicResidents communities,planned and unplanned, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3894

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with dwelling unit
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single  closed direct question rated on a 7-point 
scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.33
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.11
ß controlled for:
- Socio-demographic variables: age, sex,
  education, marital status, family income,
  dwelling unit value, tenure, lenght of
  residence, number of children in the household.
- Satisfaction with: standard of living, family
  life, use of leisure time, marriage, health,
  housework, job, neighbourhood, community.

Unplanned communities are left out.              


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house, appartment
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your house/ 
apartment?" 
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.24
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.41
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.29
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.26
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house, apartment
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your house/ 
apartment?" (asked in November 1972 and July 1973)
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyRent & Rent (1978): study US SouthCarolina 1973
TitleLow-Income Housing: Factors Related to Residential Satisfaction.
SourceEnvironment and Behavior, 1978, Vol.10, 459 - 488
URLhttp://eab.sagepub.com/content/10/4/459.abstract
PublicLow-income households, South Carolina, USA 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response50%
Respondents N =257

Correlate
Author's labelHousing Unit Satisfaction
Page in Source 482
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Question not reported
4: very 
3: average amount
2: little
1: not at all
Observed distributionN:1=148; 2=87; 3=9; 4=8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-bDM=+
4: very               M=2,21; SD=0,65  
3: average amount     M=1,85; SD=0,62
2: little             M=1,60; SD=0,52
1: not at all         M=1,88; SD=0,83
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-bBMCT=+
3,2<4<1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyBharadwaj & Wilkening (1977): study US Wisconsin 1972
TitleThe Prediction of Perceived Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 421 - 439
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353143
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housing
Page in Source 430
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
direct closed question rated on a 7-point scale, 
ranging from "completely satisfied" to "completely 
dissatisfied".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.3?
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=ns
All ß`s controlled for satisfaction with 
family-life, standard of living, work, health, 
income, sparetime activities, community, food, 
spiritual matters, education, organizational 
involvement,natural environment, national 
government.
AGE                INCOME
under 30  ß:  ns   under $4000    ß:  ns
30-49     ß:+.17   $4000- 7999    ß:  ns
50-64     ß:+.07   $8000-15999    ß:+ 13
over 65   ß:  ns   over $16000    ß:  ns  
GENDER
males     ß:  ns
females   ß:  ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisafction with house, apartment
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your house/ 
apartment?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house, apartment
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your 
house/apartment?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.36
Unaffected by sexe
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.11
ß controlled for: 
- Efficacy
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- Spare-time activities
- National government
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.12
ß additionally controlled for sociodemographic 
variables:
- family life-cycle
- age
- family income
- education
- race
- sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with house, apartment
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your house/ 
apartment?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.32
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.22


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with housing
Subject code: H15ad02

StudyKasl & Harburg (1975): study US 1970
TitleMental Health and the Urban Environment: Some Doubts and Second Thoughts.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 268 - 282
Public25-60 aged married adults, Detroit, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with dwelling
Page in Source 277
Our classificationSatisfaction with housing, code H15ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: How satisfied
or dissatisfied are you with your house
or appartment as a place to live?
(dissatisfied vs satisfied)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-dr=+
              High stress area - Low stress area
Black males   r =      +.28    -       +.28
White males   r =      +.30    -       +.21
Black females r =      +.19    -       +.42
White females r =      +.09    -       +.10


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 18 questions:

How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below:
A Have you been anoyed with someone?
B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people?
C Have you ever felt that things were going your way?
D Have you ever felt very worried
E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends?
F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen?
G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something?
H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy?
I Have you ever been full of energy?
J Have you ever felt really tired?
K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself?
M Have you ever felt really cheerfull?
N Have you ever felt like crying?
O Have you ever felt at the top of the world?
P Have you ever felt confident about the future?
Q Have you ever felt bored?
R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something?

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q)

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-bSelfreport on 10 questions on feeling during the past day

Respondents were asked to divide the previous day into episides that lasted for between 20 minites and 2 hours. Respondents next reported the intensity of 10 affects during each episode
A impatient
B competent/confident
C tense/stressed
D happy
E depressed/blue
F interested/focussed
G affectionate/friendly
H calm/ relaxed
I irritated/angry

Rated
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6 very much

Computation: (D+G+H)/3 - (A+C+E+ I)/4 weighted by duration
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single closed question:

"How is your mood these days....?"
4 very good all the time
3
2
1 not good almost all the time
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How well do you feel these days? Is your current well-being....?
0 very low
1
2
3
4 very high
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B Proud, because someone had complimented you
C Very lonely or remote from people?
D Pleased about having accomplished something
E Bored
F On top of the world?
G Depressed
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?
J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-cSelfreport of momentary mood on 6 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A affectionate
B joyful
C angerous
D sad
E worried
F guilty

1 never
2 slight amount (rare)
3 some of the time
4 about half the time
5 much of the time
6 almost always
7 always

Computation: (A+B)/2 - (C+D+E+F)/4

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'
C-A-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"How do you feel about what you are accomplishing in life...?"
7 completely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 satisfied-dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied.
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life

Name: Cantril's self anchoring Ladder rating of life (modified version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"...... satisfaction with life in general........"
(Full question not reported.)

Responses scored on pictorial scale consisting of seven smilies, expressing variations from very unhappy to very happy.
1 unhappy face
2
3
4 neutral face
5
6
7 happy face
(Pictures not reproduced here.)

Name: Kunin's `Faces Scale'.
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-AO-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

We want to know how you feel. Please indicate on the scale below.
10 means that you are doing well, 0 means that you are doing badly
10 you are doing well
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 doing badly
M-CO-u-mq-n-11-aSelfreport on five questions:

a: My life is going well
b: My life is just right
c: I wish I had a different kind of life
d: I have a good life
e: I have all I want in life

Rated:
1: strongly disagree
2
3
4.
5: strongly agree

Computation: (a+b+c+d+e)/5
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question

Currently, how happy are you feeling?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"......happiness during past few weeks....."
(Full lead not reported)
4 very happy
3
2
1 not too happy
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate the last month of your life. Was it a happy or an unhappy time for you......?
5 very happy time
4 fairly happy time
3 happy nor unhappy
2 rather unhappy time
1 very unhappy time
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

"Are you generally satisfied? "
2 yes
1 no
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-daSelf-report on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy do you feel?
4 very happy
3 happy
2 so-so
1 not happy
0 not happy at all
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form) version 2 (5-step rating scale)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7 delightfull
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
- neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied)
- I never thought about it
- does not apply to me



Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (modified version by Michalos)
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-bSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 could not be better
6
5
4
3
2
1 could not be worse

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version).
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about the good and bad things in your life, which of the answers best describes your life-as-a-whole?
1 as bas as can be
2 very bad
3 bad
4 allright
5 good
6 very good
7 as good as can be
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

On a scale from 0 to 10, where would you put your current happiness?
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-fSelfreport on single question

How happy are you currently?
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Labeling of scale ends not reported
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Next are some questions about how you see yourself and your life. Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

Now thinking about your life these days in general, would you say, you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole...?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-fSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, do you feel happy these days....?
5 very happy
4 somewhat happy
3 so so
2 somewhat not happy
1 not happy at all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....?
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 pretty happy
4 not too happy
3 a bit unhappy
2 pretty unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together on a scale of one to 10, how happy would you say you are? Here one means you are very unhappy and 10 means you are very happy
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: do you consider yourself happy or unhappy?
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Verbal labels not reported
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-gSelfreport on single question:

In general terms, how happy do you feel with your life?
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Scale labels not reported
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you happy with your life?
2 yes
1 no
- don't know
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hSelfreport on single question

Generally speaking, how do you personally feel about your life?

1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 so-so
4 happy
5 very happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:?
1 very unhappy
2
| unhappy
3
4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
| happy
6
7 very happy
no opinion
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-eSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as…?
1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mixed
5 happy
6 happy
7 very happy

lVerbal abel 'unhappy' used for numerical options 2 and 3 together. Likewise verbal label 'happy'used for both numerical options 5 and 6.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-Mix---sq-*-11-aSelf report on different single questions

Responses transformed to common 0 to 10 scale
- scores on verbal response scales transformed using Thurstone's technique of expert weighing
- scores on numerical scales shorter than 11 step transformed by linear stretching
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you rate your life at present?
1 bad or very bad
2 fair
3 good
4 very good
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bSelf report on single question:

.. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported)
10 very satisfied

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very dissatisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question

'general life satisfaction' (text not reported)
3 completely satisfied
2 pretty satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you lead these days.......?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how satisfied would you say you are presently with your life?
0 very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gSelf report on single question:

How satisfying do you find your life at the moment.....?
1 very dissatisfying
2 quite dissatisfying
3 not satisfying not dissatisfying
4 quite satisfying
5 very satisfying
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eSelfreport on single question

In general, how satisfied are you with your life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general?
5 satisfied
4 somewhat satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 dissatisfied
- don't know
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?

I want you to pick a number between 0 and 10 that indicates your level of satisfaction. The more satisfied you are, the higher the number you should pick. The less satisfied you are, the lower the number.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

This item is at the end of a list of identical questions about satisfaction in specific domains of life: home, employment opportunities, financial situation, safety, neighborhood, health and free time
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, to what extend are you satisfied with your life?
0 the minimum
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 the maximun
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-iSelfreport on single question:

Overall, are you satisfied with your life?
5. very satisfied
4. satisfied
3. Neutral
2. dissatisfied
1. very dissatisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with overall life....."
(Full questions not reported)
3 very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not satisfied
- NA
O-SLW-?-sqt-n-5-aSelfreport on single question asked twice
"…. satisfaction with life on the whole..'
(full lead item not reported)

1 completely dissatisfied
2
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4
5 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-aSelf rating on single question:

"All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you overall with your life as a whole these days?"

Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bSelfreport on single question:

"How dissatisfied would you say you are with things in general today?'
Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole these days.....?"
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ISelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you currently satisfied with your life all in all......?
0 not satisfied
1
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question

Here are some questions about how you feel about your life. Please tick the number which you feel best describes how dissatisfied or satisfied you are with the following aspects of your current situation…
Your life as a whole.
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied

Last item in a list of domain satisfactions
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-fSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not very satisfied
3 satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: how satisfied are you with your life in general at the present time.....?
1 not satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
4 very satisfied
5 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with.your life as a whole these days?
(Full question not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neutral
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....?
5 extremely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-eaSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you recently with your life as a whole.....?
1 completely dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faSelfreport on single question:

Please tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with various aspects of your life at the present time... Are you with your life as a whole...?"
5 very satisfied
4 somewhat satisfied
3 about evenly satisfied and dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied

Question preceded by items on satisfaction with aspects of life.
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gSelfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? On the whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naSelfreport on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know
- no answers

Numerical scale reversed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-rbSelfreport on single question

To what extent are you satisfied with your life in general these days?
5 fully satisfied
4 rather satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 fully dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice during the interview:

Are you at this moment satisfied or dissatisfied with life in general......?
7 very satisfied
6 for the greater part satisfied
5 rather more satisfied than dissatisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat more dissatisfied than satisfied
2 for the greater part dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- Do not know, difficult to say
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Are you generally satisfied with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
4 rather satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-?-9-cSelf report on single question:
All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life at present?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
'thermometer like scale, labels not reported
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a seven step quality of life ladder was marked with a smiling face and marked ''GOOD'. The bottom marked with a frowning face and the word 'BAD'
[ 7 ] Good, picture of smiling face
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] Bad, picture of frowning face
(Pictures not reproduced here)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied.
How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel.
We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole? Please mark a number below.
5 very satisfied
4
3
2
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole.....?
5 very satisfied
4
3
2
1 not at all satisfied

Numbers presented in reversed order (very satisfied '1', not t all satisfied '5')
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Tell me how much you are satisfied or dissatisfied with your life as a whole
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied

Last item in a series of questions about satisfaction with various domains in life
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

Considering the whole situation: how satisfied are you about your daily life?
1 very unsatisfied
2 unsatisfied
3 neither unsatisfied, nor satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Numbering reversed in original (very unsatisfied '5', very satisfied '1')
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-ISelfreport on single question:

Now please think about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with it? Are you..
5 completely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

Considering all aspects of your life, how satisfied are you?
1 very dissatisfied
2 not satisfied
3 not so satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rSelf report on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question :

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-aSelfreport on 2 questions

A Happiness
B Life-satisfaction

Texts not reported

Summation: A+B
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate how much each of the following statements applies for you in the last 18 months.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
7 applies completely
6 apllies
5 apllies slightly
4 neither applies nor does not apply
3 slightly not applicable
2 not applicable
1 applies not at all

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), last years version
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3 neither agree nor disagree
2 slightly disagree
1 strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
aFACTOR LOADING
Type: descriptive statistic
A factor loading is the correlation coefficient between an observed variable and a factor in the underlying Factor Analysis Model.
Range: [-1, +1]

Meaning:
A high factor loading means that the factor is very similar to that observed variable.
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
b-fixREGRESSION COEFICIENT in fixed effects analysis
Type: test statistic
WDH symbol: b-fix
Primary correlate level: metric
Secondary correlate level: nonmetric
Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited
Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for the secondary variables, by focusing on differences from a fixed level, such as the mean in a category. Aims to reduce the residual variance and to improve the precision of the regression coefficient.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_effects_model
Non-technical text: http://www.jblumenstock.com/files/courses/econ174/FEModels.pdf
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
gHHedges's COEFFICIENT FOR GROUP DIFFERENCES
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range (theoretical): unlimited

Meaning: effect size indicator for difference of means.
mcGuttman's monotonicy coefficient.
Range: [-1, +1].
Measurement level: Both correlate and happiness ordinal or interval
Based on the multiplication of signed differences within one variable with the corresponding difference in the second variable and summation over all possible differences.
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpPOLYCHORIC CORRELATION
Variant of r
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
H15HOUSINGL10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
H15aaHousing-careerL10aaResidential career
H15aaHousing-careerM08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY
H15aaHousing-careerM09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)
H15aa02aChange from rent to ownerH15ab01aHouse owned or rented
H15aa02bChange to legal ownershipP10aa02Change in possessions
H15ab01Ownership of current dwellingP10ab02Specific possessions
H15ab01aHouse owned or rentedH15ab01aHouse owned or rented
H15ab01aHouse owned or rentedP10POSSESSIONS
H15ab03Quality of current dwellingL10ac04Local quality of housing
H15ab03cFacilities in the houseP10ab02Specific possessions
H15acCost of housingC08ab02cConcern about spending
H15acCost of housingC09ab02nUtilities

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings