Findings on Happiness and HOUSEHOLD: WORK

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and HOUSEHOLD: WORK
Subject Code: H14

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK0
H14aaHousehold-work career0
H14aa01Earlier household-work0
H14aa02Change in household-work0
H14aa03Later household-work0
H14abCurrent household-work10
H14ab01Involvement with household work2
H14ab01aTime spend on household-work5
H14ab02Division of household-work2
H14ab02aShared household-tasks9
H14acAttitudes to household-work1
H14ac01Satisfaction with household activities4
H14ac02Satisfaction division of household-work5
H14ab02bHousehold help3
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and HOUSEHOLD: WORK
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=H14
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFull time Work Status
Page in Source 175+
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time retired
c: Semi retired
d: Full time volunteer
e: Full time home or family care
f: Unemployed
g: Full time Student
Observed distributionN = a: 750, b: 517, c: 39, d: 13, e: 208, f: 94

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,60
b Mt = 8,14; SD = 1,57
c Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,92
d Mt = 8,62; SD = 0,96
e Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,81
f Mt = 6,55; SD = 2,53
g Mt = 7,16; SD = 1,42
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFull time Work Status
Page in Source 177
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full ttime retired
c: Semi retired
d: Full time volunteer
e: Full time home or family care
f: Unemployed
Observed distributionN = a: 1433; b: 1007, c: 86, d: 22, e: 366, f: 233
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 8,08; SD = 1,65
c Mt = 7,78; SD = 1,69
d Mt = 8,32; SD = 1,25
e Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,77
f Mt = 6,61; SD = 2,36
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
f<(a,b,c,d,e)
a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelWork Status
Page in Source 178+179
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid work
b: Full time paid work & part time     
   volunteer
c: Full time Retired
d: Full time Retired & part time 
   volunteer
e: Semi retired
f: Full time Home & Family Care
g: Full time Student
h: Unemplyed
Observed distributionN = a: 1276, b: 157, c: 812, d: 195, e: 86; f: 366, h: 233
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,58
b Mt = 7,90; SD = 1,52
c Mt = 8,07; SD = 1,66
d Mt = 8,12; SD = 1,58
e Mt = 7,80; SD = 1,69
f Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,77
g Mt = 7,16; SD = 1,42
h Mt = 6,61; SD = 2,36
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .042
a>h
a>h
b>h
b>g
c>a
c>h
c>g
d>a
d>h
d>g
e>h
f>h
f>g;
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,37
b Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,32
c Mt = 8,19; SD = 1,37
d Mt = 8,19; SD = 1,30
e Mt = 7,97; SD = 1,16
f Mt = 7,91; SD = 1,35
g Mt = 7,58; SD = 1,38
h Mt = 7,18; SD = 1,96
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .046
a>h
b>h
c>a
c>h
d>a
d>h
e>h
f>h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B78
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a:364, b:696, c:97, d:562, e:149, f:53

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a  Mt = 7,51; SD = 2,02
b  Mt = 8,22; SD = 1,46
c  Mt = 7,57; SD = 1,67
d  Mt = 8,02; SD = 1,43
e  Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,67
f  Mt = 7,28; SD = 1,55
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
b>a, p<.000
b>c, p<.004
b>e, p<.003
b>f, p<.001
d>a, p<.000
d>f, p<.021


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's label Work Status
Page in Source B100
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a: 759, b: 240, c: 4, d: 112, e: 56, f: 501, g: 56

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,73
c Mt = 8,26; SD = 2,36
d Mt = 7,51; SD = 1,74
e Mt = 6,54; SD = 2,13
f Mt = 8,13; SD = 1,70
g Mt = 8,15; SD = 1,66
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
b>e
f>(a.d,e)
g>e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,43; SD = 1,72
b Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,93
c Mt = 9,00; SD = 1,16
d Mt = 7,38; SD = 1,71
e Mt = 6,16; SD = 2,16
f Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,77
g Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,97
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bBMCT=
a>e
b>e
f>(a,d,e)
g>e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelWork Status
Page in Source B101
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a: 2192, b: 606, c: 26, d: 186, e: 234, f: 1507, g: 150
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,75
c Mt = 8,31; SD = 1,41
d Mt = 7,37; SD = 1,63
e Mt = 6,76; SD = 2,18
f Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,14; SD = 2,37
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
b>(d,g,e)
c>(d,g,e)
d>e
f>(b,a,g,e)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,59; SD = 1,56
b Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,70
c Mt = 8,77; SD = 1,03
d Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,56
e Mt = 6,91; SD = 2,02
f Mt = 8,03; SD = 1,58
g Mt = 7,41; SD = 1,98
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bBMCT=
a>e
b>e
c>(f,b,a,d,g,e)
d>e
f>(b,a,d,g,e,)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia 2003-2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B81
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a live alone
b live with partner only
c sole parent
d live with partner & children
e live with parents
f livewith other adults
Observed distributionN= a:1413, b:2541, c:446, d:1907, e:510, f:917
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aDMt= p < .000
a Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,88
b Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,59
c Mt = 7,24; SD = 2,01
d Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,52
e Mt = 7,53; SD = 1,62
f Mt = 7,64; SD = 1,66
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aAoV=
a>c, p<.002
b>a, p<.000
b>c, p<.000
b>d, p<.000
b>e, p<.000
b>f, p<.000
d>a, p<.026
d>c, p<.000
d>e, p<.002
d>f, p<.027
f>c, p<.005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia 2003-2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFulltime Work Status
Page in Source B91
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full tme Volunteer
d: Full time Student
e: Unemployed
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN= a:2897, b:750, c:31, d:261, e:359, f:2161, g:192
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aDMt= p < .000
a Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,55
b Mt = 7,78; SD = 1,75
c Mt = 8,26; SD = 1,32
d Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,55
e Mt = 6,64; SD = 2,34
f Mt = 8,13; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,81
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBMCT=
a>(c,d)
b>(c,d)
f>(c,d)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004c): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Report 9.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Effects of Household Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1897

Correlate
Author's labelWork Status
Page in Source 144
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
Single quetion:
I am going to ask about your work status.Please tell me 
which of the following categories best applies to you 
at the present time,Are you in---
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time retired
c: Semi retired
d: Full time Volunteer
e: Full time home or family care
f: Unemployed
Observed distributionN = a: 683, b: 490, c: 47,d: 9, e: 158, f: 139

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cDMt=
a Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,53
b Mt = 8,01; SD = 1,73
c Mt = 8,21; SD = 1,45
d Mt = 7,89; SD = 1,54
e Mt = 7,97; SD = 1,72
f Mt = 6,42; SD = 2,36
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cBMCT= p < .00
a>f
a>e
a>d
a>c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-work
Subject code: H14ab

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCurrent household-work, code H14ab
Operationalization
a: higher management
b: further white collar
c: small business
d: skilled blue collar
e: unskilled manual
f: unemployed
g: in education
h: unfit for labor
i: pre-retired, retired
j: homemaker (with children)
k: other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
higher management    M = 4,20 CI95 [4,18-4,22]
further white collar M = 4,15 CI95 [4,13-4,17]
small business       M = 4,16 CI95 [4,12-4,20]
skilled manual       M = 4,15 CI95 [4,12-4,18]
unskilled manual     M = 4,01 CI95 [3,98-4,04] 
unemployed           M = 3,86 CI95 [3,97-3,94]
in education         M = 4,11 CI95 [4,08-4,14]
unfit for labor      M = 3,65 CI95 [3,59-3,71]
retired              M = 4,07 CI95 [4,02-4,13]
homemaker            M = 4,07 CI95 [4,02-4,12]
other                M = 3,95 CI95 [3,91-3,99]
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT=
a,c,d>f,g,h.i.j>e>k>f>h
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDMt=
higher management    M = 3,51 CI95 [3,49-3,54]
further white collar M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,47]
small business       M = 3,43 CI95 [3,36-3,50]
skilled manual       M = 3,43 CI95 [3,38-3,47]
unskilled manual     M = 3,27 CI95 [3,38-3,47] 
unemployed           M = 2,83 CI95 [2,74-2,93]
in education         M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,49]
unfit for labor      M = 2,66 CI95 [2,59-2,73]
retired              M = 3,50 CI95 [3,42-3,57]
homemaker            M = 3,28 CI95 [3,21-3,34]
other                M = 3,21 CI95 [3,16-3,26]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bBMCT= p < .05
a,i,g > b,d,e,h,j,f,k
a,b,c,d,g,i > e,k > f > h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Involvement with household work
Subject code: H14ab01

StudyHerzog et al. (1982): study US 1975
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Different Age Groups.
SourceResearch Report I.S.R., University of Michigan, 1982, Ann Arbor, USA
Public50+ aged, general public, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =410

Correlate
Author's labelForage activity
Page in Source 84/5
Our classificationInvolvement with household work, code H14ab01
Operationalization
During 24-hour period prior to the interview, 
respondents reported each activity they engaged in 
(PARTICIPATION) and the time spend on each activity 
(DURATION) on an activity diary. Activities were coded 
into categories, one of which was "activities related 
to obtaining goods and services" such as shopping.

Work status was measured by self-labeling by 
respondents and a question about engagement in work for 
pay at present. Self-labeled housewives were excluded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.10 ns
PARTICIPATION:  working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar= .00 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.12 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.05 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.12 ns
                working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.13 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.13 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.06 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.07 ns
DURATION:       working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.07 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.12 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.01 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.07 ns
                working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.17 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.13 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta= .00 ns
                retired females
ß controlled for self-reported health, income and 
age. Relations with 'participation' also controled 
for 'duration' and relations with 'duration' also 
for participation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Involvement with household work
Subject code: H14ab01

StudyHerzog et al. (1982): study US 1975
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Different Age Groups.
SourceResearch Report I.S.R., University of Michigan, 1982, Ann Arbor, USA
Public50+ aged, general public, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =410

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold activity
Page in Source 84/5
Our classificationInvolvement with household work, code H14ab01
Operationalization
During 24-hour period prior to the interview, 
respondents reported each activity they engaged in 
(PARTICIPATION) and the time spend on each activity 
(DURATION) on an activity diary. Activities were coded 
into categories, one of which was "household 
activities" such as cooking, cleaning, gardening and 
repairs around the house.

Work status was measured by self-labeling by 
respondents and a question about engagement in work for 
pay at present. Self-labeled housewives were excluded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.11 ns
PARTICIPATION:  working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.14 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.04 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.19 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.08 ns
                working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.14 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.11 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.21 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.25 p < .05
DURATION:       working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.01 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.17 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.02 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.23 p < .05
                working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.16 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta= .00 ns
                retired females
ß controlled for self-reported health, income and 
age. Relations with 'participation' also controled 
for 'duration' and relations with 'duration' also 
for participation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time spend on household-work
Subject code: H14ab01a

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Page in Source 237
Our classificationTime spend on household-work, code H14ab01a
Operationalization
Single open-ended question: On average, how many hours 
a week do you spend on the following chores: 
housecleanig, laundry, shopping for food, preparing 
meals.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=
- housecleaning:      r = -.04  ns
- laundry:            r = -.03  ns
- shopping for food:  r = -.03  ns
- preparing meals:    r = +.03  ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time spend on household-work
Subject code: H14ab01a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold work
Page in Source 270,273,279,282,288,291
Our classificationTime spend on household-work, code H14ab01a
Operationalization
Selfreport of hours spent on household work.
Observed distributionWorking days: 0: 14%, 1: 45%, 2: 23%, 3: 9%, 4: 4%, 5: 2%, 6-10: 2%, 11-16: *%, 17-24: - , no value: 1%. Saturdays: 0: 11%, 1: 28%, 2: 32%, 3: 15%, 4: 7%, 5: 3%, 6-10: 2%, 11-16: -%, 17-24: -, no value: 2%. Sundays: 0: 22%, 1: 34%, 2: 25%, 3: 10%, 4: 4%, 5: 1%, 6-10: 1%, 11-16: *%, 17-24:-*, no value: 3%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=0/-
On working days:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 1.5  M = 1.6 hrs         -0.1 hrs
top 3:  M = 1.6  M = 1.6 hrs          0.0 hrs
top 5:  M = 1.6  M = 1.7 hrs         -0.1 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=-/0
On Saturdays:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 1.9  M = 2.0 hrs         -0.1 hrs
top 3:  M = 2.0  M = 2.0 hrs          0.0 hrs
top 5:  M = 2.0  M = 2.0 hrs          0.0 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=-
On Sundays:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 1.4  M = 1.5 hrs         -0.1 hrs
top 3:  M = 1.4  M = 1.5 hrs         -0.1 hrs
top 5:  M = 1.4  M = 1.6 hrs         -0.2 hrs

Hapiness:
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1645
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 4: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time spend on household-work
Subject code: H14ab01a

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold and caretime
Page in Source 147
Our classificationTime spend on household-work, code H14ab01a
Operationalization
Time spent on household and care activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=-.04 ns
Beta controlled for
-gender
-ethnic groups
-education
-age
-smoking
-overweight
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total outsourcing expenditures
-homeownership
-living in urbanm area
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time spend on household-work
Subject code: H14ab01a

StudyDella Giusta et al. (2010a): study GB 1996
TitleTime Packages and Their Effect on Life Satisfaction.
SourcePaper 084, Henley Business School, University of Reading, 2010, UK
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/emxxdp/em-dp2010-03.html
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, followed 12 years 1996-2007
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22637

Correlate
Author's labelHousework hours
Page in Source 6, 18, 19, 21, 22
Our classificationTime spend on household-work, code H14ab01a
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
"About how many hours do you spend om housework in an 
average week, such as time spent cooking, cleaning and 
doing the laundry?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.00 ns
MALES (N=58674/10085)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.00 ns
FEMALES (N=70669/11924)

B's controlled for: 
- Age Group
- Live with spouse
- Spouse employed
- Number of children under 16
- Age of youngest child
- Qualifications
- Log(Household Income per capita)
- Normal hours worked
- Extra hours worked
- Housework hours
- Health Status
- Socio Economic Class
- Male/Female Time Use Groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time spend on household-work
Subject code: H14ab01a

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelAmount of time spenton housework
Our classificationTime spend on household-work, code H14ab01a
Operationalization
Number of hours usually spent on house-
work per week

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= -
Computed for females only
24 % of the relatively dissatisfied and 9 % of the 
satisfied women spend 60 hours or more a week
on housework
About an equal percentage of satisfied and dis-
satisfied women spend less than 20 hours a week
on housework


Correlational finding on Happiness and Division of household-work
Subject code: H14ab02

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelFulltime Work Status
Page in Source B90
Our classificationDivision of household-work, code H14ab02
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a:705; b:152; c:5; d:75; e:70; f:654; g:50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .000
a Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,47
b Mt = 7,67; SD = 1,72
c Mt = 8,00; SD = 7,10
d Mt = 7,99; SD = 1,24
e Mt = 6,83; SD = 2,47
f Mt = 8,19; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,54; SD = 2,11
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
d>e
f>(a,b,e)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Division of household-work
Subject code: H14ab02

StudyBaruch & Barnett (1986a): study US 1980
TitleConsequences of Fathers' Participation in Family Work: Parents' Role Strain and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 51, 983 - 992
PublicMothers with children age 4-10, USA,1980
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response60%
Respondents N =160

Correlate
Author's labelFathers participation in family work
Page in Source 989
Our classificationDivision of household-work, code H14ab02
Operationalization
a Fathers Total interaction time with children
b Fathers Solo interaction time
c Child-care tasks
d Feminine scores
e Mothers' work status

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRa²=+.05 ns
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyGwanfogbe et al. (1970): study CM 1965
TitlePolygyny and Marital Life Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study from Rural Cameroon.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1970, Vol. 28, 55 - 71
PublicMothers of young child, rural areas, Cameroon, 196?
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelHusband's supportiveness
Page in Source 62,64
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization
Supportive or not:
2 yes
1 no

Supportive in one if six areas: food preparation, care 
of children, farm work, education, health/medication 
and household equipment.
Remarks
N = 265

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-ar=+.06 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta= ns
Beta controled for:
- wife order
- socio-economic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labeldivision of labor between spouces
Page in Source 31
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization
Follow-up over 17 years
1: full specialization
2: no specialization (shared household)
Specialization assessed every year
Remarks
Married Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=-
Ss who share household tasks (no specialization) 
are slightly less happy, both in the years before 
and after mariage.

Ma's controled for:
- age
- education
- household income
- household size
- position in household
- employment
- place of residence
- citizenship
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=-
This pattern is most pronounced among Ss with 
children
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyFine-Davis et al. (2002): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleFathers and Mothers: Dillemmas of the Work-Life Balance. A Comparitive Study in Four European Countries.
SourceKluwer, 2004, Social Indicators Research Series, Volume 21, Dordrecht, Netherlands
PublicDual career parents in four European cities, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of shared household tasks
Page in Source 202-204,297-298
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization
Self report on inventory:
Please indicate which person usually carries out the 
following activities during the week (tick only one) 12 
activities. Me, My partner, both of us, other.
Number of tasks carried out by “both of us”

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.14 p < .05
Females
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.08 ns
Males
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.10 p < .05
All


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyDella Giusta et al. (2010a): study GB 1996 /1
TitleTime Packages and Their Effect on Life Satisfaction.
SourcePaper 084, Henley Business School, University of Reading, 2010, UK
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/emxxdp/em-dp2010-03.html
PublicAdults, general public, UK, 1996-2007
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =50657

Correlate
Author's labelPercentage share of housework
Page in Source 10, 11, 15
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization
Observed distributionMales: M=0.74 sd=0.21 Females: M=0.26 sd=0.21

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=
MALES                 FEMALES
b=+.23 SE=.10 p<.05   b=-.13 SE=.10 ns

B's controlled for:
- Life satisfaction partner
- Age
- Age squared/10
- Log (annual household income per capita)
- Number of children of different age groups
- Employment status
- Total hours worked
- Total hours worked spouse/partner
- Index of time use specialisation
- Cares for spouse/partner
- Cared for by spouse/partner
- Health status
- Attitudes to family life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyBaruch & Barnett (1986a): study US 1980
TitleConsequences of Fathers' Participation in Family Work: Parents' Role Strain and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 51, 983 - 992
PublicMothers with children age 4-10, USA,1980
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response60%
Respondents N =160

Correlate
Author's labelFeminine chores performed by father
Page in Source 987,989
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization
Number of hours per week the father spends doing a set 
of 5 traditionally feminine chores (meal preparation, 
cleaning house, laundry, grocery shopping an meal 
clean-up) divided by the total time both parents spend 
doing those chores.Score: 1 = 0-20% 5, 2 = 20-40%, 3 = 
40-60%, 5 = 80-100%
Observed distributionM = 16 % SD = 12 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.16 ns
Beta controlled for mothers'work status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyBaruch & Barnett (1986a): study US 1980
TitleConsequences of Fathers' Participation in Family Work: Parents' Role Strain and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 51, 983 - 992
PublicMothers with children age 4-10, USA,1980
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response60%
Respondents N =160

Correlate
Author's labelFathers participation in family work
Page in Source 989
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization
a Fathers Total interaction time with children
b Fathers Solo interaction time
c Child-care tasks
d Feminine scores
e Mothers' work status

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRa²=+.05 ns
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyHanson & Spanier (1983): study US Pennsylvania 1977
TitleFamily Development and Adjustment to Marital Separation.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1983, Vol. 68, 19 - 40
PublicRecently separated, Pennsylvania.USA, followed 2 years, 1977-79
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 39 % , T2: 48 %
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelDivision of house- hold task
Page in Source 30
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization
Division in former marriage 
Assessed retrospectively at T1
Ss were presented seven tasks that are
traditionally assigned to women and
asked to indicate whether these used
to be performed by oneself, the ex-
spouse or both

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= + ns
Unrelated to level of happiness at T1.

  
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= + ns
Unrelated to change in happiness between T1 - T2:

b's controlled for: age, sexe, education, work-
status, income, occupational status, and family
history  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelHaving paid house- hold help
Page in Source 16
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= + p < . 05
Computed for females only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared household-tasks
Subject code: H14ab02a

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelGetting household assistance from children or husband
Page in Source 16
Our classificationShared household-tasks, code H14ab02a
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= 0 ns
Computed for females only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household help
Subject code: H14ab02b

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelBasic household features
Page in Source 125,127
Our classificationHousehold help, code H14ab02b
Operationalization
Sum score of basic housing amenities (range 0-3)
Observed distributionWest Germany: M=2,8; SD=0,5; East Germany: M=2,6; SD=0,6; p<0,004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.03 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household help
Subject code: H14ab02b

StudyFine-Davis et al. (2002): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleFathers and Mothers: Dillemmas of the Work-Life Balance. A Comparitive Study in Four European Countries.
SourceKluwer, 2004, Social Indicators Research Series, Volume 21, Dordrecht, Netherlands
PublicDual career parents in four European cities, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelAmount of domestic/childcare help
Page in Source 202-204,297-298
Our classificationHousehold help, code H14ab02b
Operationalization
Please indicate which person usually carries out the 
following activities during the week (tick only one) 12 
activities. Me, My partner, Both of us, Other.1=”Me” 
2=”Both of us” 3=”My partner” or “Other”

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.10 ns
Females
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=-.05 ns
Males
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=-.04 ns
All


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household help
Subject code: H14ab02b

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelOutsourcing Expenditures
Page in Source 147
Our classificationHousehold help, code H14ab02b
Operationalization
Total expenditures on paid householdservices (euro's 
per year)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.00 ns
Beta controlled for
-gender
-ethnic groups
-education
-age
-smoking
-overweight
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total household and caretime
-homeownership
-living in urbanm area
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to household-work
Subject code: H14ac

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelWant to spend more time on work around the house
Page in Source 18
Our classificationAttitudes to household-work, code H14ac
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= + p < . 05
Unaffected by sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with household activities
Subject code: H14ac01

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelWork around the house index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with household activities, code H14ac01
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on satisfaction with:
a: How neat, tidy and clean things around you are
b: Your housework: the work you need to do around your 
home
Both items scored on 1-9 rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 6.6 SD = 1.4
Remarks
Both items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.32 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.08
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.08
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fullment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with household activities
Subject code: H14ac01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with household work
Page in Source 305
Our classificationSatisfaction with household activities, code H14ac01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: household work (washing, cooking, cleaning) 
.
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:4%, 2:7%, 3:11%, 4:14%, 5:21%, 6:16%, 7:14%, 8:7%, 9:3%, 10:1%
Remarks
N=2001.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 5.9  M = 4.7             +1.2 
top 3:  M = 5.6  M = 4.3             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 5.3  M = 3.6             +1.7
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 466, Others: 8-0 N=1535
Top 3: 10-8 N=1013, Others: 7-0 N= 988
Top 5: 10-6 N=1566, Others: 5-0 N= 435


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with household activities
Subject code: H14ac01

StudyGuven (2009b): study DE 1984
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =21000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with housework
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSatisfaction with household activities, code H14ac01
Operationalization
Self report on 0-10 scale.
Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.02
OLS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=+.02
FIXED EFFECTS MODEL

B and OLRC controlled for satisfaction with:
- leisure
- work
- income
- health
- environment
- dwelling


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with household activities
Subject code: H14ac01

StudyWozniak et al. (1993): study US 1985
TitleDomains of Subjective Well-Being in Farm Men and Women.
SourceJournal of Family and Economic Issues, 1993, Vol. 14, 97 - 114
Public18-65 aged farm-couples, USA, 1985
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1110

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with household
Page in Source 105-106
Our classificationSatisfaction with household activities, code H14ac01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Considering everything about your life at the present 
time, how would you rate your overall satisfaction with 
the way your household runs?
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionM=3.86 SD=0,754

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-mr=+.44 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.11 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
-control of life
-standard of living
-farm plans
-children
-farm income
-retirement plans
-farm tasks

Women employed off the farm rely less on 
satisfaction with the way the household runs for 
their overall happiness than women not employed 
off the farm. However: men employed off the farm 
rely more on satisfaction with how the household 
runs than men not employed off the farm.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction division of household-work
Subject code: H14ac02

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with division of work in household
Our classificationSatisfaction division of household-work, code H14ac02
Operationalization
Question :' How satisfied are you with 
division of the work in your household
over the separate members ?' 
0  completely unsatisfied
10 completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      
1980      +.24       +.31       +.22       +.23
1984      +.33       +.43       +.29       +.34
1988      +.23       +.33       +.21       +.26

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction division of household-work
Subject code: H14ac02

StudyTreas et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleThe Happy Homemaker? Married Women's Well-Being in Cross-National Perpective.
SourceSocial Forces, 2011, Vol. 90, 111 - 132
PublicWomen with partner, aged 18-65, 28 countries, 2001-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7014

Correlate
Author's labelHousework fairness
Page in Source 115-123
Our classificationSatisfaction division of household-work, code H14ac02
Operationalization
Fairness of the division of housework labor ranging 
from 1) more than my fair share to 5)less than my fair 
share
Observed distributionM=2,19, SD = ,94

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.05 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Work status
- Age
- Age squared
- Number of children
- Education
- Liberal gender ideology
- Religious services attendance
- Family income
- Family income flag
- Task sharing
- Family stress
- Housework conflict


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction division of household-work
Subject code: H14ac02

StudyTreas et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleThe Happy Homemaker? Married Women's Well-Being in Cross-National Perpective.
SourceSocial Forces, 2011, Vol. 90, 111 - 132
PublicWomen with partner, aged 18-65, 28 countries, 2001-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7014

Correlate
Author's labelTask sharing
Page in Source 115-123
Our classificationSatisfaction division of household-work, code H14ac02
Operationalization
A husbands average share of 5 female-typed chores: 
cleaning, laundry, grocery shopping, meal preparation 
and caring for sick family members.

Responses were recoded to:
1= always the woman
5= always the man
3= about equal or done by other person
Observed distributionM=1,92, SD = ,65
Error Estimatesalpha=.76

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- Work status
- Age
- Age squared
- Number of children
- Education
- Liberal gender ideology
- Religious services attendance
- Family income 
- Housework fairness
- Family stress
- Housework conflict


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction division of household-work
Subject code: H14ac02

StudyFine-Davis et al. (2002): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleFathers and Mothers: Dillemmas of the Work-Life Balance. A Comparitive Study in Four European Countries.
SourceKluwer, 2004, Social Indicators Research Series, Volume 21, Dordrecht, Netherlands
PublicDual career parents in four European cities, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with childcare arrangements
Page in Source 202-204,305
Our classificationSatisfaction division of household-work, code H14ac02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Overall, how satisfied are you with your childcare 
arrangements?
1=very dissatisfied 6=very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.25 p < .001
Females
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.20 p < .01
Males
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.23 p < .001
All


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction division of household-work
Subject code: H14ac02

StudyDeen et al. (2005): study NL 2005
TitleHet Geluk van Werkend Nederland 2005. (The Happiness of Working People in the Netherlands in 2005).
SourceProjectpaper I0164 Motivaction i.o.o.Randstad (Temp Agency), 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/deen_n_2005.pdf
Public16-64 aged workers, The Netherlands, 2005
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3202

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with combination work and family-life
Page in Source 26, 27, 39
Our classificationSatisfaction division of household-work, code H14ac02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction in combining work and 
family-life.
Rated 1 very dissatisfied to 5 very satisfied
Observed distribution(very) dissatisfied: 11%; neutral: 21%; (very ) satisfied: 69%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aDM=+
dissatisfied: M=6,6
satisfied:    M=7,3
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-ar=+.33


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

Now I am going to ask you how you FEEL, not just at the moment, but GENERALLY in your life. How happy do you generally feel? On a scale from o to 10...
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole?
7 completely happy
6 very happy
5 fairly happy
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3 fairly unhappy
2 very unhappy
1 completely unhappy
- can't choose
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you happy with your life?
2 yes
1 no
- don't know
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

To what degree you consider yourself as a happy person?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 average
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

'Taking all tings together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bSelfreport on single question:

When you consider your life-as-a-whole, are you..........?
0 quite dissatisfied
1
2
3
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life at present? Choose one of the following:
5 satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 cannot decide
2 not so satisfied
1 dissatisfied
- don't know
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
4 somewhat satisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 satisfied
5 mostly satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMaDIFFERENCE IN ADJUSTED MEANS, See also Ma
Type: test statistic
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ra²ADJUSTED COEFFICIENT OF MULTIPLE CORRELATION
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0 ; 1]

Meaning:
Ra = 0 « not any association
Ra = 1 « strongest possible association
SNRStatistic Not Reported


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORKO01OCCUPATION
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORKW03WORK: CAREER
H14ab01aTime spend on household-workA02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)
H14ab01aTime spend on household-workT01adCurrent time-usage
H14ab02Division of household-workC06ab04Division of child care
H14ab02aShared household-tasksM03ab05Shared activities
H14acAttitudes to household-workA02adAttitudes to own activity pattern
H14ac01Satisfaction with household activitiesW05ad03aSatisfaction with home-making
H14ac02Satisfaction division of household-workE02ag06aSatisfaction with being a house-wife

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings