Findings on Happiness and HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION
Subject Code: H13

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION0
H13aaHousehold-composition career2
H13abCurrent household-composition74
H13ab01Living alone or not50
H13ab02Living with children21
H13ab03Number of persons in household42
H13acHousehold members6
H13ac01Characteristics of household-members2
H13ac01aDependent persons in household6
H13ac01bHandicapped persons in household3
H13ac02Intimacy with household-members2
H13adAttitudes to household-composition3
H13ad01Attitude to living alone2
H13ad02Attitude to privacy3
H13ad03Attitudes to household-members3
H13ab04Non-nuclear household5
H13ab05Own position in household4
H13ab06Living with parents9
H13aa01Change in househols composition1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=H13
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Household-composition career
Subject code: H13aa

StudyAsendorpf (2008): study 2000
TitleLiving Apart Together: Eine eigenstndige Lebensform? (LAT: A Independent Way of Life?)
SourceWorking Paper 78, SOEP, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/78210/diw_sp0078.pdf
Public18+ aged, Germany, followed 6 years, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13541

Correlate
Author's labelChange in living situation
Page in Source 19, 20, 38
Our classificationHousehold-composition career, code H13aa
Operationalization
T1-T2 change into
a living alone and being single
b living apart together (LAT)
c cohabiting with partner
d married and living together
Remarks
T1-T2 6 year period, 2000-2006

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
T1-T2 CHANGE of happiness by CHANGE to:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.22 p < .01
Living alone and being single
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.01 ns
Living apart together
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 ns
Cohabiting with partner
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 ns
Married and living together

B's controlled for:
- number of children
- education
- prestige of profession
- personality
- age
- gender
- size of city


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household-composition career
Subject code: H13aa

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelLived with both parents aged 14
Page in Source 433, 440
Our classificationHousehold-composition career, code H13aa
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Were you living with both your own mother and father 
around the time you were 14 years old?
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution1: 85%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.10 p < .05
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.07 p < .05
FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved 
characteristics of the neighbourhood)
- age and age squared
- number of children
- marital status
- number of parents
- being an Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander
- immigrant status
- English speaking ability
- health
- level of education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicion of interview questions
- others present during interview


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in househols composition
Subject code: H13aa01

StudyZhang (2012a): study JP 2010
TitleHouseholds' Multidimensional Mobilities Over Life Course and QOL: A case Study in Japan
SourceISQOLS: 43, 2012, Japan
URLhttps://sites.google.com/site/junyizhangcho/home/research-topics/citi_qol/d-publications
Public18+ aged, general public, major cities, Japan, 2010
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response5.7%
Respondents N =943

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold structure mobility
Page in Source 10-11, 15
Our classificationChange in househols composition, code H13aa01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How many times did you change your household structure 
which continued at least one year? (Full question was 
not reported, assumed)
1: zero
2: once
3: twice
4: three times
5: >= four times
Observed distributionM = 2.1, 1: 16%; 2: 22%; 3: 19%; 4: 17%; 5: 26% Average duration of household structure: 8.2 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.05 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=+.08 p < .01
OPRCs controlled for:
-Times change in
 -Residential mobility
 -Employment mobility 
 -Car ownership mobility 
-Residential environment
-Objective living standard
 -House property
 -Household annual income
 -Car number
-Household attributes
 -Household size
 -Single/Couple
 -Number of children
 -Number of elders
 -Worker


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyAsendorpf (2008): study 2000
TitleLiving Apart Together: Eine eigenstndige Lebensform? (LAT: A Independent Way of Life?)
SourceWorking Paper 78, SOEP, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/78210/diw_sp0078.pdf
Public18+ aged, Germany, followed 6 years, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13541

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Page in Source 19, 47
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a Living alone and being single 
b LAT
c Cohabiting
d Married

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=-
             MALES     FEMALES   Difference
Single:      Ms=5.9    Ms=6.4    -0.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=-
LAT:         Ms=6.4    Ms=6.6    -0.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=-
Cohabiting:  Ms=6.4    Ms=6.7    -0.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=+
Married:     Ms=6.9    Ms=6.8    +0.1

Ms controlled for:
- age
- number of children
- education
- prestige of profession
- size of city of residence
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBMCT= p < .05
a < b,c < d  both among males and females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold components
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
total number of persons in the house
Observed distributionM = 4,24 SD = 1,9
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.02 ns
B and OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B and OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle

Negative when B and OPRC additionally controlled 
for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- credit cycle (dropouts included)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AR 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Argentina, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.05     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.14     Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.22      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.43      Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source A80+87+B85
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 363, b: 611, c: 126, d: 597, e: 155, f: 124

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,54; SD = 2.04
b Mt = 8,20; SD = 1,42
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,00
d Mt = 7,76; SD = 1,51
e Mt = 7,41; SD = 1,64
f Mt = 7,38; SD = 1,82
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
a Mt = 7,19; SD = 2,05
b Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,03
d Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,69
e Mt = 7,10; SD = 1,98
f Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,06
Set Image size:   

M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a   p<.000
b>c  p<.031
b>d  p<.016
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B88
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 1049, b: 1845, c: 349, d: 1758, e: 457, f:355
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,92
b Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,03; SD = 2,08
d Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,50
e Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,63
f Mt = 7,34; SD = 1,71
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
1a>1   p<.000
1a>1b  p<.000
1a>2a  p<.000
1a>2b  p<.000
1a>2c  p<.000
.000  2a>1
.000  2a>1b
.001  2a>2b
.000  2a>2c
.009  2b>1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
1  Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,84
1a Mt = 7,96; SD = 1,50
1b Mt = 7,46; SD = 1,79
2  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,67
2a Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,51
2b Mt = 7,44; SD = 1,73
2c Mt = 7,33; SD = 1,76
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
d>a  p<.042


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyCummins et al. (2003d): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 7, Report 7.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. The Effect of Work.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response85%
Respondents N =1993

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source 123
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question:
I am going to ask who you live with. Do you live
a: alone
b: as a single parent
c: with your partner
d: with your partner and another person 
e: with another person/people not your partner
f: with one or both of your parents
Observed distributionN = a: 287, b: 77, c: 652, d: 671, e: 120, f: 113

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a: Mt = 7,59, SD = 2,04
b: Mt = 6,84, SD = 2,34
c: Mt = 8,12, SD = 1,60
d: Mt = 7,84, SD = 1,42
e: Mt = 7,49, SD = 1,59
f: Mt = 7,54, SD = 1,57
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
c>a, p< .000
c>b, p< .015
c>d, p< .002
c>f, p< .007
d>b, p< .007


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004c): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Report 9.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Effects of Household Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1897

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Stucture
Page in Source 136+140
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question:
Who lives with You?
1: no one, you live by yourself
2: with your partner
3: with one or more children
4: with partner & children
5: with your parents
6: with other adults
Observed distributionN = 1: 314, 2: 624, 3: 108, 4: 564, 5: 121, 6: 93

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cDMt= p < .000
1 Mt = 7,44; SD = 1,85
2 Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,60
3 Mt = 6,72; SD = 2,10
4 Mt = 7,93; SD = 1,56
5 Mt = 7,37; SD = 1,55
6 Mt = 7,44; SD = 1,54
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cAoV=
2>1, p< .000
2>3, p< .000
2>5, p< .000
2>6, p< .005
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cAoV=
4>1, p< .001
4>3, p< .000
4>5, p< .006


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1460

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
1       M=1.90      Mt=6.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.50      Mt=6.1
1       M=6.59      Mt=6.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
1       M=3.21     Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.09 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BY 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belarus, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1015

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.53      Mt=5.0
1       M=5.45      Mt=4.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .76      Mt=5.8
1       M= .74      Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.45     Mt=4.8
1       M=2.46     Mt=4.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2792

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.44      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.71      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.57      Mt=7.3
1       M=7.73      Mt=7.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.44      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.71      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.57      Mt=7.3
1       M=7.73      Mt=7.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1782

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.20      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.43      Mt=7.1
1       M=7.12      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.18      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.21      Mt=6.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
1       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.06 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BG 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1034

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.29     Mt=4.3
1       M=2.41     Mt=4.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=4.97      Mt=4.4
1       M=5.21      Mt=4.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyPacker et al. (1997): study CA 1992
TitlePsychopathology and Quality of Life in Schizophrenia.
SourceJournal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 1997, Vol. 22, 231 - 234
Public18-40 aged, schizophrenics, Canada,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
measurement not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CA 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1730

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.91      Mt=7.7
1       M=7.69      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.36      Mt=7.4
1       M=2.00      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
1       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.06 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arangements
Page in Source 112/113
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
4-item index. The respondents were asked which one of 
the following described their current living 
arangements best: 1. live alone, 2. single parent with 
child(ren), 3. live with parents, 4. live with 
roommates.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aDMt= ns
NON-MARRIED Ss ONLY. Married (including not 
formally married cohabitating (considered as 
married) Ss left out.
- live alone:            Mt = 7.8
- one parent with child: Mt = 7.6
- live with parents:     Mt = 7.7
- live with roommates:   Mt = 8.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Chile, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.06      Mt=6.1
1       M= .95      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.05     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.70      Mt=7.4
1       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.09 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 352
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a: Household member
b: In eldery home
c: Alone
Observed distributionN: a = 8979, b = 633, c = 1563

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
a. M = 3,71
b. M = 3,85
c. M = 3,34
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 138,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement, alone, with spouse, child, both, or others
Page in Source 138, 146.
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a: living alone (reference group)
b: living in institution,
c: living with spouse, 
d :living with child,
e :living with child and spouse,
f: living with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOLRC=
Individual happiness by living arrangement.

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate
 
-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Age (groups)
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.61 p < .01
Living in institution
(OPRC = +0,612)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.27 p < .01
living with spouse
(OPRC = +0,267)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.43 p < .01
living with child
(OPRC = 0,+0,425)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.35 p < .01
living with child & spouse
(OPRC = +0,346)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.33 p < .01
living with others
(OPRC = +0,326)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CZ 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Czechoslovakia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1396

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .70      Mt=5.7
1       M= .99      Mt=6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.29      Mt=5.9
1       M=6.32      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.67     Mt=5.6
1       M=2.69     Mt=5.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelco-habitants
Page in Source 72
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question:
With whom do you live ?
1: living alone
2: living with:
   2a: spouse/partner
   2b: own children
   2c: partner's children
   2d: adopted children
   2e: friends
   2f: biological parents
   2g: others
Observed distributionN: all: 6974, 1:723, 2: 2a:3419, 2b:2370, 2c:248, 2d:11, 2e:57, 2f:63, 2g:83
Remarks
not all categories are mutually exclusive: therefor 
only absolute frequencies are given
Bonferri test only for subcatagories of 2(living with)
in excel codes are 
different:2a=1;2b=2;2c=3;2d=4;2e=5;2f=6;2g=7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.03 
2:  Mt=7.88
2a: Mt=7.98
2b: Mt=7.79
2c: Mt=7.83
2d: Mt=8.41
2e: Mt=6.89
2f: Mt=7.38
2g: Mt=7.26
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT=
2e<2a 
2e<2b
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=6.51
2:  Mt=7.56
2a: Mt=7.71
2b: Mt=7.55
2c: Mt=7.63
2d: Mt=7.73
2e: Mt=6.45
2f: Mt=6.54
2g: Mt=6.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT=
2e<2a   
2e<2c  
2e<2b
2f<2a
2g<2a
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=5.89
2:  Mt=7.21
2a: Mt=7.38
2b: Mt=7.15
2c: Mt=7.36
2d: Mt=7.05
2e: Mt=5.96
2f: Mt=6.45
2g: Mt=6.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT=
2e<2a
2e<2c
2e<2b
2f<2a
2g<2a
2g<2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelco-habitants
Page in Source 68
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question:
" With whom do you live?"
a: living alone
b: spouse partner
c: own children
d: partners children
e: adopted children
f: friends
g: biological parents
h: others
Observed distributionN: a:263, b:971, c:411, d:36, e:11, f:20, g:144, h:38,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=7.16
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.95
c: own children       Mt=7.96
d: partners children  Mt=7.85
e: adopted children   Mt=7.28
f: friends            Mt=7.50
g: biological parents Mt=8.04
h: others             Mt=7.18
All                   Mt=7.83
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=6.73
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.68 
c: own children       Mt=7.59 
d: partners children  Mt=7.43
e: adopted children   Mt=7.05 
f: friends            Mt=7.00
g: biological parents Mt=7.43
h: others             Mt=6.84  
All                   Mt=7.48
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=6.13
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.23
c: own children       Mt=6.99
d: partners children  Mt=7.43  
e: adopted children   Mt=7.05 
f: friends            Mt=6.63
g: biological parents Mt=7.00
h: others             Mt=6.51
All                   Mt=6.99


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DK 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.90      Mt=6.9
1       M=2.25      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
1       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=8.15      Mt=7.9
1       M=8.30      Mt=8.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study EE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1008

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.92      Mt=5.5
1       M=6.28      Mt=5.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .73      Mt=5.7
1       M= .89      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.55     Mt=5.2
1       M=2.70     Mt=5.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyMatikka & Ojanen (2002): study FI 1994
TitleHappiness in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities.
SourcePaper 2002, FAMR Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matikka_lm_2002.pdf
Public18-77 aged intellectually disabled, Finland, 1994-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =376

Correlate
Author's labeltype of housing
Page in Source 16
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a: Living alone
b: With spouse
c: With friend
d: With parents or in another family
e: Group home, 3-5 persons
f: Group home, more than 5 persons
g: Institution for persons with Intellectual disability
Observed distributiona: 58(15%), b:14(4%), c:12(3%), d:42(11%),e: 40(11%), f: 173(46%), g: 37(10%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aChi=+7.8 p < .05
%happy
a:91
b:86
c:92
d:93
e:80
f:84
g:76
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBMCT= p < .00
d>g,e,f,b
c>g,e,f
a>g,e
b>g


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElmntapahtumat ja Elmn Tyytyvisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelFamily situation
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
What is your present living situation ?
- living alone
- living with your parent(s) 
- single, but with children
- a couple without children, or
- a couple with children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=
Living situation:     Average happiness (SWL)
---------------------------------------------
couple without children          3.88
living with parents              3.78
couple with children             3.74
living alone                     3.62
single with children             3.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FI 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Finland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =588

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.08     Mt=6.9
1       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
1       M=7.56      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.11      Mt=6.1
1       M=1.53      Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.33      Mt=6.3
1       M=1.32      Mt=6.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.17     Mt=7.2
1       M=3.12     Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.83      Mt=6.5
1       M=6.47      Mt=6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.05 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyKopmann & Rehdanz (2014): study DE 2004
TitleUnderestimated Benefits from Periphery: Internal Migration and Subjective Well-being.
SourceEconstor Working Paper, 2014, No. B14-V1, Kiel, Germany
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/100382
PublicWorking age people, Germany, followed 5 years 2004-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10123

Correlate
Author's labelPeople
Page in Source 16-18,30
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Household size

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 ns
b controlled for:
- Gender 
- Income
- Number of children
- Disabled or not
- Health
- Marital status
- Spouse in foreign country
- Years of education
- Working status
- German citizen or not
- Moving within or across municipalities


Additional control for labor market region effects 
did not effect b.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelLog (nr of adults in household)
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Number of adults
Observed distributionM = 2,135 SD = 0,829

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.23 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - nationality
- personality traits
- accomodation
- absolute lack of
  - facilities (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables   (car, telephone, etc)
  - health     (bad health, disabled etc)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.31 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- relative (instead of absolute) lack of
  - income
  - savings
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.28 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

All Bs based on Probit adapted OLS. Random effects 
model


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelLog (nr of children in household)
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Number of children
Observed distributionM = 0,678 SD = 0,981

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.09 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - nationality
- personality traits
- accomodation
- absolute lack of
  - facilities (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables   (car, telephone, etc)
  - health     (bad health, disabled etc)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.09 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- relative (instead of absolute) lack of
  - income
  - savings
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.08 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

All Bs based on Probit adapted OLS. Random effects 
model


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 124,127
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
0=living alone
1=living together
Observed distribution0: West Germany: 31,2%; East Germany 22,0%; p<0,004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.03 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyWeick (1997): study DE 1995
TitleLebensbedingungen und Bewertungen. (Living Conditions and Evaluations).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Ed.: "Datenreport 1997", Verlag Bonn Aktuell, 1997, Germany, 468 - 480
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/weick_s_1997.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1995
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold composition
Page in Source 477
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
1. Living alone
   a single
   b divorced
   c widowed
2. Living together
   a children but no partner
   b with partner, no children
   c married, no children
   d married with young children (<6)
   e married with older children (6-16)
Remarks
East-Germany is the former communist German Democratic 
Republic (DDR), which was reunited with West-Germany in 
1990

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
                            West   East
Living alone
 a single                   6,7     6,0
 b divorced                 6,2     5,6
 c widowed                  6,4     6,6
Living together
 a children, no partner     6,6     6,4
 b partner, no children     7,3     6,5
 c married, no children     7,2     6,4
 d married, young children  7,1     6,7
 e married, older children  6,9     6,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyObucina (2013): study DE 1994
TitleThe Patterns of Satisfaction Among Immigrants in Germany
Source Social Indicators Research, 113(3), 1105-1127.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-012-0130-9
Public18-65 aged general public, Germany, followed 16 years, 1994-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =209989

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of adults
Page in Source 1115
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Does your partner live in the same household?
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.08 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Relative deprivation
- Household income
- Number of children
- Marital Status
- Age
- Gender
- Education
- Foreign-born
- Employment status
- House ownership
- Living in West- vs East-Germany
- Savings
- Health
- Year controls


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyWeick (1994a): study DE 1993
TitleFamilie. (Family).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Eds.: "Datenreport 1994", Bundeszentrale fr politische Bilding, 1994, Germany, 508 - 520
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/weick_s_1994A.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1993
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFamily and household forms
Page in Source 513
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
1. Living alone
   a single
   b divorced
   c widowed
2. Living together
   a with partner, no children
   b with partner and children
   c with others (communal)
   d other family household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-fDM=
Living alone                    West     East
a single                        7,7       7,1*
b divorced                      7,0       4,6*
c widowed                       7,6       6,6
Living together
a. with partner, no child       8,0       7,0
b. with partner and children    8,0       7,1
c. with others                  8,0       6,9
a with partner, no children     7,9       6,4
b with partner and children     -         6,9
c with others (communal)        8,0        -
d other family houhold          8,0       6,9

* N<20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE East Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1336

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
1       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.72      Mt=6.4
1       M=6.76      Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.26      Mt=6.3
1       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.00 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE West Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2201

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.20      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.20      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study HU 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .82      Mt=5.8
1       M=1.05      Mt=6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.98      Mt=5.5
1       M=6.30      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.71     Mt=5.7
1       M=2.75     Mt=5.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IS 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Iceland 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =702

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=8.04      Mt=7.8
1       M=7.85      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.39     Mt=8.0
1       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.54      Mt=7.5
1       M=2.42      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex and age 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex and age 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex and age 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.22      Mt=7.2
1       M=2.17      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
1       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .27      Mt=5.3
1       M= .52      Mt=5.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.21      Mt=5.8
1       M=6.27      Mt=5.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.82     Mt=6.1
1       M=2.80     Mt=6.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta= .00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.95      Mt=6.9
1       M=2.21      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.91      Mt=7.7
1       M=7.70      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.95      Mt=6.9
1       M=2.21      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.91      Mt=7.7
1       M=7.70      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2010

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
1       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.26      Mt=6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.35      Mt=7.1
1       M=7.05      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.15 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study JP 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1011

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.60      Mt=6.2
1       M=6.37      Mt=6.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
1       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
1       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .36      Mt=5.4
1       M= .46      Mt=5.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.26      Mt=6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.35      Mt=7.1
1       M=7.05      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.15 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LV 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Latvia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =903

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.67      Mt=5.2
1       M=5.76      Mt=5.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .96      Mt=6.0
1       M= .85      Mt=5.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.52     Mt=5.1
1       M=2.53     Mt=5.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .61      Mt=5.6
1       M= .57      Mt=5.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.96      Mt=5.5
1       M=6.14      Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.48     Mt=4.9
1       M=2.66     Mt=5.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.12 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=0 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study MX 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Mexico, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1531

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.90     Mt=6.3
1       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.37      Mt=7.1
1       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.29      Mt=6.3
1       M=1.53      Mt=6.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 18,14, 9
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Household size.
Observed distributionM = 2,25, SD = 1,08; N = 33280.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.04 p < .05
b controlled for:
- gender
- years of education
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- marital status
- age
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyVanSantvoort (2009): study ZZ Europe 2005
TitleDisability in Europe: Policy, Social Participation and Subjective Well-being.
SourceIpskamp, 2009, Enschede, Netherlands
Public15+ aged, general public, 9 European countries, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response30 %
Respondents N =14889

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 36
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a: living alone
b: living with another (non) relative
c: living with parents
d: living with spouce, without children
e: living without spouce with children
f: living with spouce and children
Remarks
Rank order assumes wole 'complete' family

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=+.11 p < .001
Beta controlled for: 
- hampered in daily activities by disability
- socio-demographic variables
- socio-economic variables
- self assessed health
- feeling optimistic and energetic
- feeling about household income
- social participation

Beta's not significant in:
- Belgium
- Slovenia
- Slovakia

Beta's similar in:
- Germany 
- Denmark 
- Finland 
- Netherlands
- United Kingdom


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyPrins (2008): study NL 2007
TitleDe Deugd van Tegenwoordig. Onderzoek naar Jongeren en hun Grenzen. ( Virtue today; a study on risk behavior among younsters).
SourceResearch Report 2008, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/prins_m_2008.pdf
Public12-18 aged, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15116

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a: living with both parents 
b: living with mother only
c: half with father, half with mother
d: living with mother and stepfather
e: living with father only 
f: other
g: living independent
h: living with father and stepmother
i: living with foster parents
j: living in children's home
Observed distributionin %: a: 74.9; b: 9.3; c: 6.4; d: 2.9; e : 2.1; f: 1.9; g: 1.1; h: 0,8; i: 0,4; j: 0,3.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
a: living with both parents           M= 7.8
b: living with mother only            M= 7.3
c: half with father, half with mother M= 7.5
d: living with mother and stepfather  M= 7.3
e: living with father only            M= 7.4
f: other                              M= 7.3 
g: living independent                 M= 7.3
h: living with father and stepmother  M= 7.3
i: living with foster parents         M= 7.2
j: living in children's home          M= 6.4
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Autochtones only 
a:living with both parents           M=7.83
b:living with mother only            M=7.31 
c:half with father, half with mother M=7.53
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=7.32
e:living with father only            M=7.41
f:other                              M=7.38
g:living independent                 M=7.38
h:living with father and stepmother  M=7.35 
i:living in children's home          M=7.25
j:living in children's home          M=6.85
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Allochtones (Turkish and Moroccan) only 
a:living with both parents           M=7.52 
b:living with mother only            M=7.60
c:half with father, half with mother M=7.53
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=8.12
e:living with father only            M=7.99    
f:living with both parents           M=6.50 
g:living independent                 M=6.57
h:living with father and stepmother  M=4.99
i:living with foster parents         M=6.73
j:living in children's home          M=5.04
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Autochtone boys only
a:living with both parents           M=7.96 
b:living with mother only            M=7.56 
c:half with father, half with mother M=7.91 
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=7.43
e:living with father only            M=7.62    
f:other                              M=7.62
g:living independent                 M=7.31 
h:living with father and stepmother  M=7.27 
i:living with foster parents         M=7.08
j:living in children's home          M=7.21
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Autochtone girls only
a:living with both parents          M=7.69
b:living with mother only           M=7.08
c:half with father,half with mother M=7.13 
d:living with mother and stepfather M=7.25 
e:living with father only           M=7.19
f:other                             M=7.62
g:living independent                M=7.31
h:living with father and stepmother M=7.51 
i:living with foster parents        M=7.41
j:living in children's home         M=5.63
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Allochtone boys only
a:living with both parents          M=7.64
b:living with mother only           M=7.52
c:half with father,half with mother  M=7.12        
 
d:living with mother and stepfather M=8.36
e:living with father only           M=8.00 
f:other                             M=6.59
g:living independent                M=7.56
h:living with father and stepmother  -    i:living 
with foster parents        M=6.00
j:living in children's home         M=5.50.
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-a
Allochtone girls only
a:living with both parents           M=7.41 
b:living with mother only            M=7.66
c:half with father, half with mother M=8.04
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=7.62
e:living with father only            M=7.99
f:other                              M=6.43 
g:living independent                 M=5.87 
h:living with father and stepmother  -    
i:living with foster parents         M=7.00 
j:living in children's home          M=4.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyOosterhof (2008): study NL 2005
TitleMaakt Vrije Tijd Gelukkig? De Invloed van Vrije Tijd op Geluksbeleving van Nederlanders. (Does Leisure Time make You Happy? The Influence of Leisure Time on the Happiness Experience of the Dutch).
SourceMaster Thesis, Faculty Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/oosterhof_sf_2008.pdf
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response11%
Respondents N =2204

Correlate
Author's labelFamily stage
Page in Source 33
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a: Living with parents
b: Living alone
c: Living together
d: Living with family (spouce and children) (reference 
category)
Observed distributionN = 1: 278 2: 282 3: 656 4: 748

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=
            Parents Alone Together  Family 
Very happy   25,5%   15%   28,5%    24,5%
Happy        67,5%   66%   66,5%    68,5%
Unhappy      7%      19%   5,5%     7%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=
     UNHAPPY (vs happy)   VERY HAPPY (vs happy)
     observed controlled  observed   controlled
Parents  1,01   1,77       1.06       1,11
Alone    2,75*  2,23*      1,12       1,10
Together 0,72   0,59*      1,09       1,06 
Family   1      1          1          1

Control variables are:
- gender
- education 
- situation 
- urban living environment
- self reported health
- self reported stress
* = p<.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyCloin & Wennekers (2007): study NL 2004
TitleEen Gelukkige Combinatie. (A Happy Combination).
SourceSchnabel, P. ; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 51 - 56
Public20-65-aged; Netherlands, 2004
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1491

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 53
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Household-situations for men:
a: couple, no child, man works part time (substantial), 
woman has a job
b: couple, with child, man works full-time, woman has a 
job
c: couple, no child, man works full-time, woman has no 
job
d: couple with child, man works full-time, woman has no 
job
e: couple, with child, man works part-time 
(substantial), woman has a job
f: couple, no child, man works full-time, woman has a 
job
g: couple, no child, man has no job, woman has no job
h: man lives alone, works full-time
i: couple, no child, man has no job, woman has a job, 
man does housekeeping
j: man lives alone, works part-time (substantial or 
small)
k: man lives alone, has no job

Household-situations for women:
a: couple, with child, woman works full-time, man works
b: couple, with child, woman works part-time 
(substantial), man works 
c: couple, no child, woman works full-time, man works
d: couple, no child, woman works part-time, man works
e: couple, with child,woman has no job, man works
f: woman lives alone,works full-time
g: couple, no child, man has no job and keeps the 
house, woman works
h: couple with child,woman works part-time (small), man 
works 
i: couple, no child, woman has no job, man has no job
j: couple, no child, woman has no job, man works
k: woman lives alone, works part-time (small or 
substantial)
l: mother lives alone, has a job
m: woman lives alone, has no job
n: mother lives alone, has no job
Observed distributionN: Men: 696: a: 25; b: 127; c: 48; d: 74; e: 16; f: 129; g: 49; h: 107; i: 29. N: Women: 795: a: 21; b: 119; c: 54; d: 100; e: 57; f: 60; g: 35; h: 27; i: 63; j: 76; k: 64; l: 26; m : 69; n: 24.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=
% (very) happy by their household-situation: MALES
a: 92
b: 91
c: 90
d: 88
e: 88
f: 84
g: 84
h: 76
i: 69
j: 69
k: 45

% (very) happy by their household-situation: 
FEMALES
a: 95
b: 94
c: 93
d: 91
e: 88
f: 87
g: 86
h: 85
i: 83
j: 76
k: 67
l: 62
m: 54
n: 50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

Study~CBS (1992): study NL 1991
TitleLeefsituatie van de Nederlands Bevolking 1991. Kerncijfers. (Lifesituation of the Dutch 1991.)
SourceS.D.U./C.B.S. Publications, 1992, The Hague, Netherlands
Public13+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6061

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold
Page in Source 85
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
1: living alone
2: living together
   2a: without children -18 years
   2b: with children -18 years
Observed distribution18-64 aged: N: Males= 2000; Females= 2542 65+ aged: N: Males= 482; Females= 766
Remarks
Ss in private households only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+
% very satisfied
                  18-64 years      age 65+
                  male  female    male  female
alone               40    40      29     34 
together
- without child     57     57      x      x
- with child 18-    55      53      x      x
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=+
% very happy% 
alone               40      40      29     34 
together
- without child     57      57      x      x
- with child 18-    55      53      x      x


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1017

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.76      Mt=6.8
1       M=2.29      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.84      Mt=7.6
1       M=7.84      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.40     Mt=8.0
1       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold composition
Page in Source 134
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a: single-person household
b: single parent family
c: couple without children
d: couple with children
e: remaining

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab= p < .01
B controlled for:
-Life situation:
 -Housing
 -Health
 -Purchasing power/ consumer durables
 -Leisure activities
 -Mobility
 -Social participation
 -Sport activity
 -Vacation
-Background features:
 -Gender
 -Education
 -Employment
 -Age
 -City
 -Ethnicity
 -Income
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab= p < .01
B controlled for:
-Employment
-Age
-Satisfaction with:
 -Health
 -Home
 -Friends and acquaintances
 -Social position
 -Financial resources
 -Dutch society

B's denote difference of average happiness in 
category with average of all respondents


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NG 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.63      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.93     Mt=6.4
1       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.44      Mt=6.0
1       M=6.30      Mt=5.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.07 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.11 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NO 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1239

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.38      Mt=7.4
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
1       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study PL 1989
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Poland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =938

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.48      Mt=6.5
1       M=1.44      Mt=6.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
1       M=2.98     Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.64      Mt=6.3
1       M=6.67      Mt=6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study PT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1185

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.27      Mt=6.3
1       M=1.46      Mt=6.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.13      Mt=6.8
1       M=6.97      Mt=6.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.83     Mt=6.1
1       M=2.83     Mt=6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.07 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.07 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.12 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study RO 1993
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Romania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1103

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.63     Mt=5.4
1       M=2.62     Mt=5.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.94      Mt=5.5
1       M=5.70      Mt=5.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .76      Mt=5.8
1       M= .56      Mt=5.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study RU 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Russia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1961

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.35      Mt=4.8
1       M=5.35      Mt=4.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .28      Mt=5.3
1       M= .32      Mt=5.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.51     Mt=5.0
1       M=2.58     Mt=5.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study SI 1992
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1035

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.29     Mt=4.3
1       M=2.41     Mt=4.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=4.97      Mt=4.4
1       M=5.21      Mt=4.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.47      Mt=6.5
1       M=1.70      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study ZA 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, South Africa, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2736

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.24      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.13      Mt=6.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.35      Mt=5.9
1       M=5.90      Mt=5.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.84     Mt=6.1
1       M=2.76     Mt=5.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study ES 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Spain, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4147

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.14      Mt=6.8
1       M=7.08      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .64      Mt=5.6
1       M= .97      Mt=6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.14      Mt=6.8
1       M=7.08      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .64      Mt=5.6
1       M= .97      Mt=6.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study SE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Sweden, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1047

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.32     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.41     Mt=8.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.58      Mt=7.3
1       M=8.00      Mt=7.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.84      Mt=7.8
1       M=2.51      Mt=7.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.20      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.11 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.09 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.08 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.10 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.13 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.07 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CH 1989
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 1999
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1400

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
1       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.39     Mt=8.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=8.41      Mt=8.2
1       M=8.14      Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study TR 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .63      Mt=5.6
1       M= .56      Mt=5.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.46      Mt=6.1
1       M=6.30      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.13     Mt=7.1
1       M=2.98     Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyDuffy (2004): study GB 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Trust in Other People.
SourcePublication MORI, 2004, London, UK
URLhttp://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/publications/1226/Life-satisfaction-and-trust-in-other-people.aspx
Public16+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8952

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold composition
Page in Source 12
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
a Single parent families 
b Single non-retired households
Observed distributionSingle parent families: 5% Single non-retired households: 7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eD%=
Composition of 2% Most Happy (N=180) and
2% Least Happy (N=180) in terms of 
household-composition.

           2% Most happy  2% Least happy  Dif.
Single parent       1          13         -12%
Single non-retired  2          20         -18%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyDella Giusta et al. (2010a): study GB 1996
TitleTime Packages and Their Effect on Life Satisfaction.
SourcePaper 084, Henley Business School, University of Reading, 2010, UK
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/emxxdp/em-dp2010-03.html
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, followed 12 years 1996-2007
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22637

Correlate
Author's labelLive with spouse
Page in Source 17-22
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
1 yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+23 p < .01
MALES (N=58674/10085)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.24 p < .01
FEMALES (N=70669/11924)

B's controlled for:
- Age Group
- Spouse employed
- Number of children under 16
- Age of youngest child
- Qualifications
- Log(Household Income per capita)
- Normal hours worked
- Extra hours worked
- Care hours (mid point)
- Housework hours
- Health Status
- Socio Economic Class
- Male/Female Time Use Groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study GB Northern Ireland 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, North Ireland, 1990
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =304

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.20      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.98      Mt=7.8
1       M=7.48      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.61      Mt=6.6
1       M=2.02      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.11 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.09 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.10 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study GB 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Britain, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1484

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyGillespie (2001): study US 2001
TitleAmericans Generally in a Good Mood These Days. Most Satisfied with Their Lives, Higher-Income Americans Tend to be Slightly Happier.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 18 January 2001, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, United States, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1004

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
1: two-income household - no children
2: other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-md-sq-v-5-aD%=
% good mood

1: two-income household - no children   88%
2: other


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study US 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1839

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Household- composition
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Single question: "Do you live with your parents?"
0   No
1   Yes 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.22      Mt=7.2
1       M=2.17      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
1       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
1       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.22      Mt=7.2
1       M=2.17      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta= .00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta= .00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyFranklin et al. (1986): study US 1985
TitleAssessing Quality of Life of the Mentally Ill. A Three Dimensional Model.
SourceEvaluation & The Health Professions, 1986, Vol. 9, 376 -388
Public18-65 aged, mentally ill, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelLiving Arrangements
Page in Source 383
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aAoV= ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for satisfaction with Living 
Arrangements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyFowler & McCalla (1969): study US 1965
TitleCorrelates of Morale among Aged in Greater Boston.
SourceProceedings of the 77th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Vol. 4, 1969, 733 -734
Public65+ aged, Metropolitan Boston, USA, 1965
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1335

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 733
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
Alone / with a spouse / with a child / some other 
arrangement.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-aChi= ns
When controlled for health and income no 
relationships among those in poorer health or with 
lower incomes. Among those with better health and 
with incomes over $ 4,000.- per year Ss living 
alone reported the highest morale and those who 
are unmarried and living with a child reported the 
lowest morale.

Chi-square test inappropriate for ordinal 
variables


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H13ab

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold composition
Page in Source 71
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H13ab
Operationalization
0 All
1 Specific household category

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=-.14 ns
-Living alone.
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.09 ns
-Living with spouse.
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.48 ns
-Living with spouse and children.
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=-.27 ns
-Living with children.
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.48 ns
-Living with other combination of relatives.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyOishi et al. (2007a): study 1981
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00048.x
Public18+ aged, general public, 96 nations, 1981-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =118519

Correlate
Author's labelStable long-term relationships
Page in Source 350-351
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Selfreported, respondents indicated (in deciles)whether 
they were currently in a stable long-term relationship.
Observed distributionRange 0,52 - 0,76; similar for men and women. M: Males 0,71; Females:: 0,65.
Remarks
Data: Pooled World Values Surveys 1981, 1990,1995 and 
2000.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aDM=0 ns
The most happy (10)do not differ from moderately 
happy (9 or 8) with resppect to stable intimate 
relationships
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.00 ns
Nonlinear effect of happiness on stable intimate 
relationship is not significant. Most satisfied 
people have similar amount of stable long-term 
relationships compared to the moderately happy.


Control variables not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source 161
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1 : Live Alone
2 : Live Together
 a: Live with Partner Only
 b: Sole Parent
 c: Live with Partner & Children
 d: Live with Parents
 e: Live with Other Adults
Observed distributionN = 1: 373, 2a: 610, 2b: 115, 2c: 613, 2d: 150, 2e: 103

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
1  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,90
2a Mt = 7,06; SD = 1,61
2b Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,14
2c Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,45
2d Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,73
2e Mt = 7,14; SD = 1,73
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .014
2a>1
2a>2b 
2a>2d
2a>2e
2c>1
2c>2b
2c>2e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,70; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,44
c Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,46
d Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,30
e Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,35
f Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,27
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .037
2a>2b
2a>2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source 164
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1 :  Live Alone
 a: Live partner Only
 b: Sole Parent
2 : Live together
 a: Live with Partner & Children
 b: Live with Parents
 c: Live with Other Adults
Observed distributionN = 1: 687, 1a: 1234, 1b: 223; 2a: 1183, 2b: 294, 2c: 217
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
1  Mt = 7,46; SD = 1,87
1a Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,60
1b Mt = 6,90; SD = 2,12
2a Mt = 7,90; SD = 1,50
2b Mt = 7,51; SD = 1,63
2c Mt = 7,31; SD = 1,65
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .005
1a>1
1a>1b
1a>2b
1a>2c
2a>1 
2a>1b
2a>2b
2a>2c
2b>1b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B78
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a:364, b:696, c:97, d:562, e:149, f:53

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a  Mt = 7,51; SD = 2,02
b  Mt = 8,22; SD = 1,46
c  Mt = 7,57; SD = 1,67
d  Mt = 8,02; SD = 1,43
e  Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,67
f  Mt = 7,28; SD = 1,55
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
b>a, p<.000
b>c, p<.004
b>e, p<.003
b>f, p<.001
d>a, p<.000
d>f, p<.021


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source A80+87+B85
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 363, b: 611, c: 126, d: 597, e: 155, f: 124

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,54; SD = 2.04
b Mt = 8,20; SD = 1,42
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,00
d Mt = 7,76; SD = 1,51
e Mt = 7,41; SD = 1,64
f Mt = 7,38; SD = 1,82
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
a Mt = 7,19; SD = 2,05
b Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,03
d Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,69
e Mt = 7,10; SD = 1,98
f Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,06
Set Image size:   

M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a   p<.000
b>c  p<.031
b>d  p<.016
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B88
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 1049, b: 1845, c: 349, d: 1758, e: 457, f:355
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,92
b Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,03; SD = 2,08
d Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,50
e Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,63
f Mt = 7,34; SD = 1,71
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
1a>1   p<.000
1a>1b  p<.000
1a>2a  p<.000
1a>2b  p<.000
1a>2c  p<.000
.000  2a>1
.000  2a>1b
.001  2a>2b
.000  2a>2c
.009  2b>1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
1  Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,84
1a Mt = 7,96; SD = 1,50
1b Mt = 7,46; SD = 1,79
2  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,67
2a Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,51
2b Mt = 7,44; SD = 1,73
2c Mt = 7,33; SD = 1,76
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
d>a  p<.042


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia 2003-2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B81
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a live alone
b live with partner only
c sole parent
d live with partner & children
e live with parents
f livewith other adults
Observed distributionN= a:1413, b:2541, c:446, d:1907, e:510, f:917
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aDMt= p < .000
a Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,88
b Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,59
c Mt = 7,24; SD = 2,01
d Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,52
e Mt = 7,53; SD = 1,62
f Mt = 7,64; SD = 1,66
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aAoV=
a>c, p<.002
b>a, p<.000
b>c, p<.000
b>d, p<.000
b>e, p<.000
b>f, p<.000
d>a, p<.026
d>c, p<.000
d>e, p<.002
d>f, p<.027
f>c, p<.005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2002a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 3, Report 3.2. The Impact of Personal Relationships and Household Structure on the Wellbeing of Australians.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response70%
Respondents N =2110

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure Differences: alone vs partner
Page in Source 75+77
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1. Live Alone
2. Live with partner(s)
   2a. Live with partner
   2b. Live with partner PLUS OTHER
   2c. Live with Non-partner(s)
Observed distributionN=: 1: 341, 2: 1669, 2a: 638, 2b: 730, 2c:301

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
Live Alone:                   Mt = 7,55
Live with partner(s):         Mt = 7,87
  a. live with partner        Mt = 8,18
  b. Live with partner +      Mt = 7,91
  c. Live with non-partner(s) Mt = 7,13
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT= p < .05
2c>1,2,2a,2b
2b>1,2,2a
2a>1,2
2>1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 319-320
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0: living with spouse 
1: living with children (spouse+ child or with child 
and no spouse)
Observed distribution0: Men 36.2%, Women 35.7% 1: Men 57%, Women 52.1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eD%=-
MEN
% Very satisfied with life 
living with spouse only    37.1
living intergenerationally 28.3
-difference                -8.8
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eD%=-
WOMEN
% Very satisfied with life 
living with spouse only    31.4
living intergenerationally 23.4
-difference                -8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement- widowed women
Page in Source 321
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0: living alone
1: living with children
Observed distribution0: 40.6%, 1: 46.6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eD%=+
WIDOWED WOMEN
% Very satisfied with life 
living alone         14.8
living with children 22.1
-difference          +7.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyChappell & Badger (1989): study CA Winnipeg, Manitoba 1985
TitleSocial Isolation and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1989, Vol. 44, 169 - 176
Public60+ aged, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 1985
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =743

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Isolation
Page in Source 170-172
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Self report of non-instrumental social contacts:
a: no daily contact (vs has daily contact)
b: minimal weekly contact (vs less or no contact)
c: live alone (vs not live alone)
d: not married (vs married) 
e: no children (vs has children)
f: no companions (vs has companions)
g: no confidants (vs has confidants)
h: no children plus not married (vs has children plus 
married)
i: no children plus live alone (vs has children plus 
not live alone)
j: live alone plus no confidants (vs not live alone 
plus has confidants)
Observed distributiona:40%, b:10%, c:31%, d:40%; e:15%, f:4%, g:16%, h:9%; i:8%, j:7%
Remarks
All respondents named someone in their social network, 
which could include: people in their household, 
parents, siblings, children, other relatives, friends, 
and neighbours. No one was totally isolated. Those 
involved in instrumental relations, such as health care 
worker or a shopkeeper are not included in these 
figures. Size of social network is not included as an 
indicator of social isolation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=-.22 ns
a: no daily contact (vs has daily contact)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=.52 ns
b:minimal weekly contact (vs less or no contact)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=2.74 p < .01
c: live alone (vs not live alone)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=3.55 p < .001
d: not married (vs married)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=-61 ns
e: no children (vs has children)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=4.89 p < .001
f: no companions (vs has companions)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=3.54 p < .001
g: no confidants (vs has confidants)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=1.03 ns
h: no children plus not married (vs has children 
plus married)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=1.16 ns
i: no children plus live alone (vs has children 
plus not live alone)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=3.90 p < .001
j: live alone plus no confidants (vs not live 
alone plus has confidants)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyZhang & Liu (2007): study CN 2002
TitleChildlessness, Psychlogical Well-being and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in China
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 2007, 22:185-203
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10823-007-9037-3
Public65+ aged, China, 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13447

Correlate
Author's labelCo-residence
Page in Source 193
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1: Living with household members
2: Living alone
3: Living in nursing homes (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=-.23 p < .01
Living with household members (vs living in 
nursing home)
B controlled for 
- age
- gender
- education 
- residence
- access to pension 
- access to medical services
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=-.61 p < .01
Living alone (vs living in nursing home)
B controlled for 
- age
- gender
- education 
- residence
- access to pension 
- access to medical services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyKnight & Gunatilaka (2010): study CN 2002
TitleGreat Expectations? The Subjective Well-Being of Rural-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceWorld Development, 2010, Vol. 38, 113 - 124
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.03.002
Public16+ aged rural-urban migrants, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1930

Correlate
Author's labelLiving with family members
Page in Source 116
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
How many people are there in your household?
Author distinguished:
1: Living with others
0: Not living with others
Observed distribution88% lives with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.14 ns
B controlled for:
- Future income expectations
- Gender
- Marital Status
- Interaction gender*marital status
- Education
- Financial assets
- Unemployment
- Working hours
- Health
- Duration of urban residence
- Regional income
- Household income
- Remittances
- Area of house
- Living in own house
- Heating
- Child left behind
- Number of friends/relatives in city

Effect is stronger for those who migrated less 
long ago.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 352
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a: Household member
b: In eldery home
c: Alone
Observed distributionN: a = 8979, b = 633, c = 1563

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
a. M = 3,71
b. M = 3,85
c. M = 3,34
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 138,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelLived with spouse
Page in Source 352
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=-
1: M = 3,64
0: M = 3,67
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 1,59


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement, alone, with spouse, child, both, or others
Page in Source 138, 146.
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a: living alone (reference group)
b: living in institution,
c: living with spouse, 
d :living with child,
e :living with child and spouse,
f: living with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOLRC=
Individual happiness by living arrangement.

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate
 
-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Age (groups)
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.61 p < .01
Living in institution
(OPRC = +0,612)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.27 p < .01
living with spouse
(OPRC = +0,267)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.43 p < .01
living with child
(OPRC = 0,+0,425)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.35 p < .01
living with child & spouse
(OPRC = +0,346)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.33 p < .01
living with others
(OPRC = +0,326)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelco-habitants
Page in Source 72
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
With whom do you live ?
1: living alone
2: living with:
   2a: spouse/partner
   2b: own children
   2c: partner's children
   2d: adopted children
   2e: friends
   2f: biological parents
   2g: others
Observed distributionN: all: 6974, 1:723, 2: 2a:3419, 2b:2370, 2c:248, 2d:11, 2e:57, 2f:63, 2g:83
Remarks
not all categories are mutually exclusive: therefor 
only absolute frequencies are given
Bonferri test only for subcatagories of 2(living with)
in excel codes are 
different:2a=1;2b=2;2c=3;2d=4;2e=5;2f=6;2g=7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.03 
2:  Mt=7.88
2a: Mt=7.98
2b: Mt=7.79
2c: Mt=7.83
2d: Mt=8.41
2e: Mt=6.89
2f: Mt=7.38
2g: Mt=7.26
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT=
2e<2a 
2e<2b
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=6.51
2:  Mt=7.56
2a: Mt=7.71
2b: Mt=7.55
2c: Mt=7.63
2d: Mt=7.73
2e: Mt=6.45
2f: Mt=6.54
2g: Mt=6.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT=
2e<2a   
2e<2c  
2e<2b
2f<2a
2g<2a
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=5.89
2:  Mt=7.21
2a: Mt=7.38
2b: Mt=7.15
2c: Mt=7.36
2d: Mt=7.05
2e: Mt=5.96
2f: Mt=6.45
2g: Mt=6.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT=
2e<2a
2e<2c
2e<2b
2f<2a
2g<2a
2g<2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelco-habitants
Page in Source 68
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
" With whom do you live?"
a: living alone
b: spouse partner
c: own children
d: partners children
e: adopted children
f: friends
g: biological parents
h: others
Observed distributionN: a:263, b:971, c:411, d:36, e:11, f:20, g:144, h:38,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=7.16
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.95
c: own children       Mt=7.96
d: partners children  Mt=7.85
e: adopted children   Mt=7.28
f: friends            Mt=7.50
g: biological parents Mt=8.04
h: others             Mt=7.18
All                   Mt=7.83
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=6.73
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.68 
c: own children       Mt=7.59 
d: partners children  Mt=7.43
e: adopted children   Mt=7.05 
f: friends            Mt=7.00
g: biological parents Mt=7.43
h: others             Mt=6.84  
All                   Mt=7.48
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=6.13
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.23
c: own children       Mt=6.99
d: partners children  Mt=7.43  
e: adopted children   Mt=7.05 
f: friends            Mt=6.63
g: biological parents Mt=7.00
h: others             Mt=6.51
All                   Mt=6.99


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0: living alone
1: living together
Observed distribution0: Urban:=40%; Rural= 22,1%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElmntapahtumat ja Elmn Tyytyvisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelIsolated living
Page in Source 261
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Have you experienced isolated living
(a) during the last year ?
(b) evr in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 2259 Ever in your life: N = 189

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.11
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.05
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.87
ever in your life:       M = 3.69
95% CI for difference:   [0.04 ; 0.18]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyKnabe et al. (2009): study DE 2008
TitleDissatisfied with Life, but Having a Good Day: Time-Use and Well-Being of the Unemployed.
SourceCES/IFO Working Paper no. 2604, CES, 2009, Munich, Germany.
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ces/ceswps/_2604.html
PublicFulltime employed and long-term unemployed, Germany, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelMarried / cohabiting
Page in Source 21
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0 Not married and living together (reference group)
1 Married and living together

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbb=+.12 ns
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-ab=-.08 ns
B's are controlled for: 
- employment status in week and weekend
- income
- education
- health satisfaction
- children
- age
- general goodness of previous day 
- goodness of health and work on previous day


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyKoch et al. (2005): study DE 2002
TitleWorkfare: Mglichkeiten und Grenzen. (Workfare: Possibilities and Limitations).
SourceIAB Discusdsion Paper no. 17/2005, Nrnberg, Germany
URLhttps://www.econstor.eu/dspace/bitstream/10419/31924/1/498010902.PDF
Public18-65 aged, on low wage or on social security, Germany, 2002-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2568

Correlate
Author's labelLiving together with partner
Page in Source 29
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0 Living alone
1 Living together with partner

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.19 p < .05
Living together (vs alone)

B controlled for: 
- Employment status, social assistence
- Net household income
- Net household income per head
- Nationality (German, not German)
- Age
- Age squared
- Years of education in school and occupation
- Satisfaction with health
- Level of being unfit for work activity
- Region (West, East)
- Year (2002, 2003)

Robust OLS. Ordered Probit analysis yiels similar 
result


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0: living alone
1: living together
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban:=37.7%; Rural= 31.2%; ns Germany East: Urban:=29.5%; Rural= 22.0%; p<.05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyWeick (1997): study DE 1995
TitleLebensbedingungen und Bewertungen. (Living Conditions and Evaluations).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Ed.: "Datenreport 1997", Verlag Bonn Aktuell, 1997, Germany, 468 - 480
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/weick_s_1997.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1995
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold composition
Page in Source 477
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1. Living alone
   a single
   b divorced
   c widowed
2. Living together
   a children but no partner
   b with partner, no children
   c married, no children
   d married with young children (<6)
   e married with older children (6-16)
Remarks
East-Germany is the former communist German Democratic 
Republic (DDR), which was reunited with West-Germany in 
1990

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
                            West   East
Living alone
 a single                   6,7     6,0
 b divorced                 6,2     5,6
 c widowed                  6,4     6,6
Living together
 a children, no partner     6,6     6,4
 b partner, no children     7,3     6,5
 c married, no children     7,2     6,4
 d married, young children  7,1     6,7
 e married, older children  6,9     6,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelPartner
Page in Source 222, 225
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1: has a partner at T3 (2004)
0: has not
Remarks
T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.23 p < .001
T3 LEVEL of happiness 

Beta controlled for
-current priorities at T3 for life goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-years of education
-disposable household income
-health disability

Beta very similar for men, women and respondents 
in prime age (25-59).
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.17 p < .001
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness (14 years lag)

Beta controlled for
-average priority at t 1,2,3 for life-goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-life satisfaction at T1 (1990)
-years of education
-disposable income
-health disability


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyVendrik & Woltjer (2007): study DE 1984
TitleHappiness and Loss Aversion: Is utility concave or convex in relative income?
SourceJournal of Public Economics, 2007, Vol. 91, 1423 - 1448
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.02.008
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 17 years, 1984-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =102068

Correlate
Author's labelCouple/single parent
Page in Source 1436
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a) couple
b) single parent
1 yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.29
a) couple
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=-.17
b) single parent

b controlled for:
- household income
- reference household income
- unemployement status
- years of education
- age 
- weekly hours worked


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0: living alone
1: living together
Observed distributionUrban = 26,8%; Rural = 36,3%; p<.05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0: living alone
1: living together
Observed distribution0: Urban:=17,3%; Rural= 14,8%; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMoon & Mikami (2007): study JP 2004
TitleDifference in subjective Well-being between ethnic Korean and Japanese elderly Residents in an Urban Community in Japan.
SourceGeriatrics and Gerontology International, 2007, Vol. 7, 371 - 379
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1447-0594.2007.00427.x
Public65+aged, ethnic Korean naturalized as Japanese and Japanese, Japan, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21.7%
Respondents N =425

Correlate
Author's labelLiving alone
Page in Source 377, 379
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1: living with spouse
0: living alone
Remarks
Order was reversed by WDH Team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=+.31 p < .001
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=+.05 ns
Beta is controlled for:
- age
- ethnicity
- gender
- literacy
- absence of 'sense of purpose in life'
- pension
- public assistance
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=+.06 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- depression
- performance status (ADL)
- history of lifestyle related disease


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyKirmanoglu & Baslevent (2014): study ZZ Europe 2010
TitleLife Satisfaction of Ethnic Minority Members: An Examination of Interactions with Immigration, Discrimination, and Citizenship.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 116, 173 - 184
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0276-0
Public15+ aged Europeans, Europe. 2010/2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =32275

Correlate
Author's labelLiving alone
Page in Source 8
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Interviewer's assessment:
1: living alone
0: otherwise

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=-.14 p < .000
OPRC controlled for:
- age
- age^2/100
- gender
- education
- household income
- unemployed
- political vote
- religiosity
- health
- ethnic minority member
- migration generation
- ethnic minority *migration generation
- citizen
- ethnic minority member*citizen
- perceived discrimination
- ethnic minority*perceived discrimination


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyBhnke & Kohler (2007): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleDeterminanten des Glcks: Lebenszufriedenheit in Europa. (Determinants of Happiness: Life Satisfaction in Europe).
SourceWSI Mitteillungen, 2007, Vol. 7, 373 - 379
Public18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Page in Source 376
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a. living alone
b. living together
c. no support in case of emergencies
d. little contact with friends and neighbours

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.48 p < .05
LIVING TOGETHER (VERSUS LIVING ALONE)

Social-democratic nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.40 p < .05
Continental nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.59 p < .05
Liberal nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.38 p < .05
Mediterranean nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.30 p < .05
Post-communist nations.



NO SUPPORT IN CASE OF EMERGENCIES (VERSUS LIVING 
ALONE)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.33 p < .05
Social-democratic nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.30 p < .05
Continental nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.20 p < .05
Liberal nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.38 p < .05
Mediterranean nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.57 p < .05
Post-communist nations.



LITTLE CONTACT WITH FRIENDS AND NEIGHBOURS (VERSUS 
LIVING ALONE)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.44 p < .05
Social-democratic nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.43 p < .05
Continental nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.69 p < .05
Liberal nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.40 p < .05
Mediterranean nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.33 p < .05
Post-communist nations.

B's controlled for education, employement status 
and health situation.

Social-democratic nations: Danmark, Finland, 
Netherlands, Sweden.
Continental nations: Austria, Belgium, France, 
Germany, Italy, Luxembourg.
Liberal nations: UK and Ireland.
Mediterranean nations: Cyprus, Greece, Malta, 
Spain, Portugal.
Post-communist nations: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, 
Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, 
Romania, Slowak Republic, Slovenia.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyGagliardi et al. (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2000
TitleAssociations of Personal and Mobility Resources with Subjective Well-being Among Older Adults in Italy and Germany.
SourceArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2010, Vol. 50, 42 -47
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494309000326
Public55+ aged, Germany and Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2118

Correlate
Author's labelLiving alone
Page in Source 44
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution% Yes: Germany: 30% (N=1518) Italy: 16% (N=600)
Remarks
Full question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=0.72 p < .033
Germany: CI95 [0.5-1.0]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=0.67 p < .145
Italy: CI95 [0.4-1.1]

The authors divided life satisfaction into two 
groups of high and low life satisfaction for 
logistic regression, with the 75th percentile 
being the cut-off point.

OR is adjusted for:
- age
- gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyGundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999
TitleHappiness and Life Satisfaction in Advanced European Countries.
SourceCross-Cultural Research, 2004, Vol. 38, 359 - 386
DOIDOI: n10.1177/1069397104267483
Public18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10517

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in a stable relationship
Page in Source 369-369,372-374,377
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Do you live in a stable relationship with a partner?
0  No
1  Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
            Parter     No partner  Difference
            M    SD    M    SD     DM
Netherlands 3,53 0,54  3,07 0,62   +0,46
Denmark     3,50 0,54  3,15 0,65   +0,35
Iceland     3,57 0,52  3,11 0,58   +0,46
Belgium     3,48 0,52  3,01 0,74   +0,47  
Sweden      3,38 0,60  3,08 0,63   +0,30
Austria     3,32 0,63  3,06 0,69   +0,24
Finland     3,26 0,54  2,85 0,62   +0,41
W-Germany   3,11 0,58  2,86 0,63   +0,25
E-Germany   3,01 0,70  2,79 0,74   +0,22
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
Difference higher in nations where marriage is 
least seen as necessary for happiness.
- least   DM = +0.34
- most    DM = +0.09
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aGs=+.48
Gs controled for:
- country of residence
- perceived freedom and control over life
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aGs=>15
Happiness (above) captures more of variance than 
life-satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyCloin & Wennekers (2007): study NL 2004
TitleEen Gelukkige Combinatie. (A Happy Combination).
SourceSchnabel, P. ; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 51 - 56
Public20-65-aged; Netherlands, 2004
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1491

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 53
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Household-situations for men:
a: couple, no child, man works part time (substantial), 
woman has a job
b: couple, with child, man works full-time, woman has a 
job
c: couple, no child, man works full-time, woman has no 
job
d: couple with child, man works full-time, woman has no 
job
e: couple, with child, man works part-time 
(substantial), woman has a job
f: couple, no child, man works full-time, woman has a 
job
g: couple, no child, man has no job, woman has no job
h: man lives alone, works full-time
i: couple, no child, man has no job, woman has a job, 
man does housekeeping
j: man lives alone, works part-time (substantial or 
small)
k: man lives alone, has no job

Household-situations for women:
a: couple, with child, woman works full-time, man works
b: couple, with child, woman works part-time 
(substantial), man works 
c: couple, no child, woman works full-time, man works
d: couple, no child, woman works part-time, man works
e: couple, with child,woman has no job, man works
f: woman lives alone,works full-time
g: couple, no child, man has no job and keeps the 
house, woman works
h: couple with child,woman works part-time (small), man 
works 
i: couple, no child, woman has no job, man has no job
j: couple, no child, woman has no job, man works
k: woman lives alone, works part-time (small or 
substantial)
l: mother lives alone, has a job
m: woman lives alone, has no job
n: mother lives alone, has no job
Observed distributionN: Men: 696: a: 25; b: 127; c: 48; d: 74; e: 16; f: 129; g: 49; h: 107; i: 29. N: Women: 795: a: 21; b: 119; c: 54; d: 100; e: 57; f: 60; g: 35; h: 27; i: 63; j: 76; k: 64; l: 26; m : 69; n: 24.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=
% (very) happy by their household-situation: MALES
a: 92
b: 91
c: 90
d: 88
e: 88
f: 84
g: 84
h: 76
i: 69
j: 69
k: 45

% (very) happy by their household-situation: 
FEMALES
a: 95
b: 94
c: 93
d: 91
e: 88
f: 87
g: 86
h: 85
i: 83
j: 76
k: 67
l: 62
m: 54
n: 50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelhousehold
Page in Source 2
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
a: one person household
b: one-parent family
c: couple without children
d: couple with children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDMt=
one person           M = 3,79 CI95 [3,76-3,82] 
one-parent hh        M = 3,76 CI95 [3,71-3,81]
couple no children   M = 4,16 CI95 [4,15-4,18]
couple with children M = 4,16 CI95 [4,15-4,17]
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
a,b < c,d
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDMt=
one person           M = 3,43 CI95 [3,41-3,45] 
one-parent hh        M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,48]
couple no children   M = 3,63 CI95 [3,61-3,63]
couple with children M = 3,63 CI95 [3,61-3,64]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bBMCT=
a,b < c,d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0: living alone
1: living together
Observed distributionUrban = 38,4%; Rural = 25,8%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.20 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyDeVries et al. (1994): study NL 1992
TitleMaatschappelijke Participatie van Alleenstaanden. (Social Participation of Singles).
SourceSWOKA, Institute for Comsumer Research,1994, Report Nr. 143, The Hague, Netherlands
Public30-65 aged singles, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =460

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 117
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0 single person household
1 single parent household
Observed distributionSingle persons: N = 386, Single parents: N = 60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%= ns
Single persons: M = 4,08 (CI95 3,99-4,17)
Single parents: M = 3,98 (CI95 3,72-4,24)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyVeenhoven & VanSchoonhoven (1991): study NL 1989
TitleLevensvoldoening van Alleenstaanden; Achterstand op Samenwoners in 11 EG landen 1974-1986. (Life Satisfaction of Singles; Arrearage on Cohabitants in 11 EC countries 1974-1986).
SourceGezin, 1991, Vol.3, 15 - 25
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/16152
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1989
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2969

Correlate
Author's labelLiving together (vs single)
Page in Source 16
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1 living together
  - married
  - unmarried co-habiting
2 single
  - never married
  - separated
  - widowed
Observed distributionN = 1: 1967, 2: 1002

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dDM=-
Together: M = 3.60  CI[3.56-3.64]
Single:   M = 3.12  CI[3.05-3.19]
Difference   -0.48
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dG=-.33 p < .01
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dtc=-.16 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyJol (1985a): study NL 1974
TitleLiever Samen dan Alleen? Veranderingen in Levensomstandigheden n Welbevinden van Alleenstaanden, 1974-1983. (Better together than Alone? Changes in Life Situations nd Well-Being of Singles,1974-1983).
SourceC.B.S. Select, Nr. 3, Central Bureau of Statistics, 1985, The Hague, Netherlands, 171 - 184
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1983
Sample
Non-Response1974: 28%, 1983: 43%
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving alone
Page in Source 172
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Living with partner vs living alone.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dG=-.22 p < .01
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dtb=-.06 p < .01
1974 % very and extremely satisfied:
- living with partner               38%
- living alone                      28%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dG=-.21 p < .01
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dtb=-.07 p < .01
1983 % very and extremely satisfied:
- living with partner               35%
- living alone                      26%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelLiving alone
Page in Source 350
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0 Living together
1 Live alone
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.02 ns
T2 happiness by T2 living alone
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.01 ns
T3 happiness by T2 living alone


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelLiving alone
Page in Source 203
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0 Living with parents 
1 Living alone 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=- ns
Computed for never marrieds only.

Males  : r = -.21 (ns)
Females: r = -.03 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1971
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1971
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =854

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 411
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Direct question about number of persons in the house.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for education, income, age, 
sex,occupational prestige, number of friends, 
occupational active, marital status.      
Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic
level of the county.                               
              


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelSpouse in household
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
Spouse living in household (vs not)
Observed distribution13%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
% happy   56  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 31  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss spouse not living in household not 
reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyFugl-Meyer et al. (1991): study SE 1986
TitleHappiness and Domain-Specific Life Satisfaction in Adult Northern Swedes.
SourceClinical Rehabilitation, 1991, Vol. 5, 25 - 33
PublicAdults, general public, city of Umea, northern Sweden, 198?
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =214

Correlate
Author's labelCohabitation
Page in Source 55
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0. Living with others
1. Living alone
Observed distribution0. N=155; 1. N=46

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSNR=- s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyPerneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998
TitleHealth and Happines in Young Swiss Adults.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 171 - 178
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000015314.97546.60
PublicUniversity students, Switzerland, 1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1257

Correlate
Author's labelLive-in partner
Page in Source 174
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1- No
2- Yes
Observed distribution1: 30,4%, 2: 68,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-a
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=+ p < .01
% happy (all or most of the time)
No:  59,6
Yes: 70,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyKeng & Wu (2014): study TW 1989
TitleLiving Happily Ever After? The Effect of Taiwan's National Health Insurance on the Happiness of the Elderly.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 583 - 808
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9449-4
PublicElderly, Taiwan, folowed 14 years 1989-2003, before and after change health insurance law in 1995
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response<10%
Respondents N =4049

Correlate
Author's labelAlone
Page in Source 787-788, 793-798
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1 Alone
0 Not alone

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-aOPRC=-.08 ns
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-bOPRC=-.12 p < .05
OPRC controlled for:
- health insurance history
- Social background
  - age
  - sexe
  - education
  - income
  - marital status
  - Origin
    - native
    - mainland
- possessions
  - house
  - Stock
- health history, ever had..
  - asthma
  - stroke
  - heart
  - disbetes
- life style
  - drinks
  - smokes


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyDella Giusta et al. (2010a): study GB 1996
TitleTime Packages and Their Effect on Life Satisfaction.
SourcePaper 084, Henley Business School, University of Reading, 2010, UK
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/emxxdp/em-dp2010-03.html
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, followed 12 years 1996-2007
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22637

Correlate
Author's labelLive with spouse
Page in Source 17-22
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
1 yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+23 p < .01
MALES (N=58674/10085)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.24 p < .01
FEMALES (N=70669/11924)

B's controlled for:
- Age Group
- Spouse employed
- Number of children under 16
- Age of youngest child
- Qualifications
- Log(Household Income per capita)
- Normal hours worked
- Extra hours worked
- Care hours (mid point)
- Housework hours
- Health Status
- Socio Economic Class
- Male/Female Time Use Groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974 /1
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin-residents, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelLive alone
Page in Source 225
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0. Live with other
1. Live alone

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for 1+2+3+4+5 :                
1: education, occupation, income, level of living
2: married, children, contact with relatives,
   contact with friends, church-attendance,
   organizational membership. 
3: health problems, recent move, separated/   
   divorced, unemployed.                       
4: retired,widowed.
5: urban living, rural living, female.

 in different age groups:
under 30: -.05 (ns)    30-49   : -.01 (ns)
50 64   : +.06 (ns)    over 64 : +.00 (ns)

                      
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for 2 only:
interaction with age significant (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =534

Correlate
Author's labelLive alone
Page in Source 229
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0. Lives with other
1. Lives alone

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.11 p < .05
 controlled for education, occupation, income, 
married status, contact with relatives, contact 
with friends, church attendance, organization 
membership, separated / divorced, retired, 
widowed, place of residence, sexe, age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living alone or not
Subject code: H13ab01

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelLiving alone
Page in Source 71
Our classificationLiving alone or not, code H13ab01
Operationalization
0 Living with others                   1 Living alone

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=-.22 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source 161
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
1 : Live Alone
2 : Live Together
 a: Live with Partner Only
 b: Sole Parent
 c: Live with Partner & Children
 d: Live with Parents
 e: Live with Other Adults
Observed distributionN = 1: 373, 2a: 610, 2b: 115, 2c: 613, 2d: 150, 2e: 103

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
1  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,90
2a Mt = 7,06; SD = 1,61
2b Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,14
2c Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,45
2d Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,73
2e Mt = 7,14; SD = 1,73
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .014
2a>1
2a>2b 
2a>2d
2a>2e
2c>1
2c>2b
2c>2e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,70; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,44
c Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,46
d Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,30
e Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,35
f Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,27
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .037
2a>2b
2a>2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 319-320
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
0: living with spouse 
1: living with children (spouse+ child or with child 
and no spouse)
Observed distribution0: Men 36.2%, Women 35.7% 1: Men 57%, Women 52.1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eD%=-
MEN
% Very satisfied with life 
living with spouse only    37.1
living intergenerationally 28.3
-difference                -8.8
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eD%=-
WOMEN
% Very satisfied with life 
living with spouse only    31.4
living intergenerationally 23.4
-difference                -8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelLiving Arrangements
Page in Source 316, 323-325
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
1: lives with children (intergenerational household)
0: does not live with children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=-.08 ns
Married Women
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.07 ns
Married Men
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.02 ns
Widowed Women

Beta's controlled for:
-age
-health
-personal income
-country of birth
-years in Canada
-English-speaking ability
-have confidante
-number of close friends
-frequency of seeing non-coresident children
-see children as often as want


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement- widowed women
Page in Source 321
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
0: living alone
1: living with children
Observed distribution0: 40.6%, 1: 46.6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eD%=+
WIDOWED WOMEN
% Very satisfied with life 
living alone         14.8
living with children 22.1
-difference          +7.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyWang et al. (2013): study CN 2008
TitleHappiness and Job Satisfaction in Urban China: A Comparative Study of Two Generations of Migrants and Urban Locals.
SourceDiscussion Paper No. 08-13, 2013, Monash University, Department of Economics, USA
Public19+ aged, general public, China, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5395

Correlate
Author's labelHaving children
Page in Source 7
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Please tell me some simple information about yourself, 
your father, mother, spouse, and other people who live 
in this household within this week:

1: when at least one child is reported.
0: when no children are reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.00 ns
FULL SAMPLE               (N=5395)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.00 ns
FIRST-GENERATION MIGRANTS (N=2213)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.00 ns
NEW-GENERATION MIGRANTS   (N=444)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 ns
URBAN LOCALS              (N=2738)

B's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- gender
- years of education
- marital status
- health status
- hourly income
- region of residence
- surface area of house
- number of friends
- perceived recent change in social class
- job satisfaction

Full sample is additionally controlled for migrant 
status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement, alone, with spouse, child, both, or others
Page in Source 138, 146.
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
a: living alone (reference group)
b: living in institution,
c: living with spouse, 
d :living with child,
e :living with child and spouse,
f: living with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOLRC=
Individual happiness by living arrangement.

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate
 
-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Age (groups)
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.61 p < .01
Living in institution
(OPRC = +0,612)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.27 p < .01
living with spouse
(OPRC = +0,267)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.43 p < .01
living with child
(OPRC = 0,+0,425)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.35 p < .01
living with child & spouse
(OPRC = +0,346)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.33 p < .01
living with others
(OPRC = +0,326)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelco-habitants
Page in Source 72
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Single question:
With whom do you live ?
1: living alone
2: living with:
   2a: spouse/partner
   2b: own children
   2c: partner's children
   2d: adopted children
   2e: friends
   2f: biological parents
   2g: others
Observed distributionN: all: 6974, 1:723, 2: 2a:3419, 2b:2370, 2c:248, 2d:11, 2e:57, 2f:63, 2g:83
Remarks
not all categories are mutually exclusive: therefor 
only absolute frequencies are given
Bonferri test only for subcatagories of 2(living with)
in excel codes are 
different:2a=1;2b=2;2c=3;2d=4;2e=5;2f=6;2g=7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.03 
2:  Mt=7.88
2a: Mt=7.98
2b: Mt=7.79
2c: Mt=7.83
2d: Mt=8.41
2e: Mt=6.89
2f: Mt=7.38
2g: Mt=7.26
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT=
2e<2a 
2e<2b
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=6.51
2:  Mt=7.56
2a: Mt=7.71
2b: Mt=7.55
2c: Mt=7.63
2d: Mt=7.73
2e: Mt=6.45
2f: Mt=6.54
2g: Mt=6.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT=
2e<2a   
2e<2c  
2e<2b
2f<2a
2g<2a
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=5.89
2:  Mt=7.21
2a: Mt=7.38
2b: Mt=7.15
2c: Mt=7.36
2d: Mt=7.05
2e: Mt=5.96
2f: Mt=6.45
2g: Mt=6.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT=
2e<2a
2e<2c
2e<2b
2f<2a
2g<2a
2g<2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelco-habitants
Page in Source 68
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Single question:
" With whom do you live?"
a: living alone
b: spouse partner
c: own children
d: partners children
e: adopted children
f: friends
g: biological parents
h: others
Observed distributionN: a:263, b:971, c:411, d:36, e:11, f:20, g:144, h:38,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=7.16
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.95
c: own children       Mt=7.96
d: partners children  Mt=7.85
e: adopted children   Mt=7.28
f: friends            Mt=7.50
g: biological parents Mt=8.04
h: others             Mt=7.18
All                   Mt=7.83
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=6.73
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.68 
c: own children       Mt=7.59 
d: partners children  Mt=7.43
e: adopted children   Mt=7.05 
f: friends            Mt=7.00
g: biological parents Mt=7.43
h: others             Mt=6.84  
All                   Mt=7.48
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
a: living alone       Mt=6.13
b: spouse partner     Mt=7.23
c: own children       Mt=6.99
d: partners children  Mt=7.43  
e: adopted children   Mt=7.05 
f: friends            Mt=6.63
g: biological parents Mt=7.00
h: others             Mt=6.51
All                   Mt=6.99


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of persons inhousehold under age 18
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Question :'How many persons under the age of 18 live 
together with you in your household ?'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.06       +.04       +.04       +.08
1980      +.07       +.03       +.05       +.09
1984      +.08       +.11       +.08       +.09
1988      +.11       +.09       +.06       +.17

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.08       +.10       +.04       +.05
1980      +.09       +.15       +.08       +.10
1984      +.11       +.19       +.10       +.10
1988      +.10       +.19       +.09       +.08

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyKrause (2013): study DE 2007
TitleDon't Worry, be Happy? Happiness and Reemployment.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2013, Vol. 96, 1 - 20
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
Public16+ aged, recently fallen unemployed, Germany, 2007-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2542

Correlate
Author's labelChildren in household
Page in Source 7
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Exact question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.22 ns
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) age and age squared
  b) disabled
  c) marital status
  d) having a partner
  e) employment status spouse
  f) employment status partner
  g) gender
  h) education
  i) migrant status
  j) wage in last job
  k) duration of last job
  l) unemployment benefits
  m) reason of termination of last job
  n) number of children in household
- Environmental characteristics:
  o) national unemployment rate
  p) region/state in Germany
- Interview-specific characteristics:
  q) interview cohort
  s) time between unemployment entry and


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyHaisken-DeNew & Sinning (2010): study DE West Germany 2000
TitleSocial Deprivation of Immigrants in Germany.
SourceReview of Income and Wealth, 2010, Vol 56, 715 -733
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2010.00417.x
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, Germany, followed 5 years, 2000-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =33186

Correlate
Author's labelChildren in household
Page in Source 723, 725
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
a) Children aged 0-2 years in household
b) Children aged 3-6 years in household
c) Children aged 7-16 years in household
d) No children
Observed distributiona) 5.4%, b) 8.7%, c) 17.2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.23 p < .01
CHILDREN AGED 0-2  (vs otherwise)
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in whether one has 
children between 0-2 years.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.07 p < .05
CHILDREN AGED 0-2  (vs otherwise)
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in whether one has 
children between 3-6 years.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 ns
CHILDREN AGED 0-2  (vs otherwise)
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in whether one has 
children between 7-16 years.

B controlled for:
- age and age squared
- relative income
- employment status
- education
- having a car and telephone
- appreciation of housing surface
- quality of house
- having a PC/stereo/dishwasher
- health
- marital status
- cultural participation
- religious participation
- active in sports


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyWeick (1997): study DE 1995
TitleLebensbedingungen und Bewertungen. (Living Conditions and Evaluations).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Ed.: "Datenreport 1997", Verlag Bonn Aktuell, 1997, Germany, 468 - 480
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/weick_s_1997.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1995
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold composition
Page in Source 477
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
1. Living alone
   a single
   b divorced
   c widowed
2. Living together
   a children but no partner
   b with partner, no children
   c married, no children
   d married with young children (<6)
   e married with older children (6-16)
Remarks
East-Germany is the former communist German Democratic 
Republic (DDR), which was reunited with West-Germany in 
1990

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
                            West   East
Living alone
 a single                   6,7     6,0
 b divorced                 6,2     5,6
 c widowed                  6,4     6,6
Living together
 a children, no partner     6,6     6,4
 b partner, no children     7,3     6,5
 c married, no children     7,2     6,4
 d married, young children  7,1     6,7
 e married, older children  6,9     6,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyWeick (1994a): study DE 1993
TitleFamilie. (Family).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Eds.: "Datenreport 1994", Bundeszentrale fr politische Bilding, 1994, Germany, 508 - 520
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/weick_s_1994A.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1993
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelChildren in household
Page in Source 513
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
1 No children in household
2 One or more children in household
  a under age 6
  b under age 12
  c under age 17
  e over age  18
Remarks
Couples only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-fDM=
                                West   East
1 No children               M =  8,0   7,0
2 One or more  
  a under age 6             M =  8,1   7,1
  b under age 12            M =  8,1   7,4
  c under age 17            M =  8,7   7,1
  e over age  18            M =  7,9   6,8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyWeick (1994a): study DE 1993
TitleFamilie. (Family).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Eds.: "Datenreport 1994", Bundeszentrale fr politische Bilding, 1994, Germany, 508 - 520
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/weick_s_1994A.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1993
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFamily and household forms
Page in Source 513
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
1. Living alone
   a single
   b divorced
   c widowed
2. Living together
   a with partner, no children
   b with partner and children
   c with others (communal)
   d other family household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-fDM=
Living alone                    West     East
a single                        7,7       7,1*
b divorced                      7,0       4,6*
c widowed                       7,6       6,6
Living together
a. with partner, no child       8,0       7,0
b. with partner and children    8,0       7,1
c. with others                  8,0       6,9
a with partner, no children     7,9       6,4
b with partner and children     -         6,9
c with others (communal)        8,0        -
d other family houhold          8,0       6,9

* N<20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyKozcan (2013): study DE 1984
TitleDoes integration increase life satisfaction?
SourceUnpublished Manuscript (No. 1314). Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
URLhttp://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe1314.pdf
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =71779

Correlate
Author's labelChildren in household
Page in Source 12
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Are there children in your household?
1: Yes
0: No
Remarks
Oversampling of immigrants

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.06 ns
CHANGE IN HAPPINESS BY CHANGE IN CHILDREN IN 
HOUSEHOLD

B controlled for:
- Age
- Marital status
- Employed
- Works in occupation of training
- Home ownership
- Schooling
- Job insecurity
- Parental education 
- Urban/rural childhood
- Health
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
CURRENT happiness by CURRENT children in household

B additionally controlled for:
- Gender
- Immigrant status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 312
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Questions on living arrangement were operationalized 
as:
a: living with offspring
b: living with older adults
c: number of generations in the household
d: number of living children
Dichotomized as:
1: Yes 
0: No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.4 ns
Living with offspring    (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+5.9 p < .01
Living with older adults (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.7 ns
Number of generations in the household
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+4.5 ns
Number of living children

B is controlled for: 
-residence
-marital status
-income
-education
-age
-gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyOshio (2011): study JP 2007
TitleGender Differences among Elderly Japanese: Importance of Family and Social Relations for Life Satisfaction.
SourceRIETI Discussion Paper Series 11-E-051, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, JAA, (RIETI), Hitotsubashi University, 2011, Japan
URLhttp://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/11e051.pdf
Public50-75 aged, Japan, 2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3063

Correlate
Author's labelCo-residence with children
Page in Source 7, 22
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
1: Residence within the same residential lot with: 
   a: son
   b: married son
   c: daughter
   d: married daughter
0: No co-residence with child (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.70 p < .01
MEN:
Co-residence with son                (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.88 p < .01
Co-residence with married son        (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.00 ns
Co-residence with daughter           (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.30 ns
Co-residence with married daughter   (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.72 p < .05
WOMEN:
Coresidence with son                 (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.72 p < .01
Co-residence with married son        (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.79 ns
Co-residence with daughter           (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.77 p < .05
Co-residence with married daughter   (vs not)

OR controlled for:
-age
-educational attainment
-house ownership
-occupational status
-survey areas


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyCloin & Wennekers (2007): study NL 2004
TitleEen Gelukkige Combinatie. (A Happy Combination).
SourceSchnabel, P. ; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 51 - 56
Public20-65-aged; Netherlands, 2004
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1491

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 53
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Household-situations for men:
a: couple, no child, man works part time (substantial), 
woman has a job
b: couple, with child, man works full-time, woman has a 
job
c: couple, no child, man works full-time, woman has no 
job
d: couple with child, man works full-time, woman has no 
job
e: couple, with child, man works part-time 
(substantial), woman has a job
f: couple, no child, man works full-time, woman has a 
job
g: couple, no child, man has no job, woman has no job
h: man lives alone, works full-time
i: couple, no child, man has no job, woman has a job, 
man does housekeeping
j: man lives alone, works part-time (substantial or 
small)
k: man lives alone, has no job

Household-situations for women:
a: couple, with child, woman works full-time, man works
b: couple, with child, woman works part-time 
(substantial), man works 
c: couple, no child, woman works full-time, man works
d: couple, no child, woman works part-time, man works
e: couple, with child,woman has no job, man works
f: woman lives alone,works full-time
g: couple, no child, man has no job and keeps the 
house, woman works
h: couple with child,woman works part-time (small), man 
works 
i: couple, no child, woman has no job, man has no job
j: couple, no child, woman has no job, man works
k: woman lives alone, works part-time (small or 
substantial)
l: mother lives alone, has a job
m: woman lives alone, has no job
n: mother lives alone, has no job
Observed distributionN: Men: 696: a: 25; b: 127; c: 48; d: 74; e: 16; f: 129; g: 49; h: 107; i: 29. N: Women: 795: a: 21; b: 119; c: 54; d: 100; e: 57; f: 60; g: 35; h: 27; i: 63; j: 76; k: 64; l: 26; m : 69; n: 24.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=
% (very) happy by their household-situation: MALES
a: 92
b: 91
c: 90
d: 88
e: 88
f: 84
g: 84
h: 76
i: 69
j: 69
k: 45

% (very) happy by their household-situation: 
FEMALES
a: 95
b: 94
c: 93
d: 91
e: 88
f: 87
g: 86
h: 85
i: 83
j: 76
k: 67
l: 62
m: 54
n: 50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelhousehold
Page in Source 2
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
a: one person household
b: one-parent family
c: couple without children
d: couple with children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDMt=
one person           M = 3,79 CI95 [3,76-3,82] 
one-parent hh        M = 3,76 CI95 [3,71-3,81]
couple no children   M = 4,16 CI95 [4,15-4,18]
couple with children M = 4,16 CI95 [4,15-4,17]
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
a,b < c,d
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDMt=
one person           M = 3,43 CI95 [3,41-3,45] 
one-parent hh        M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,48]
couple no children   M = 3,63 CI95 [3,61-3,63]
couple with children M = 3,63 CI95 [3,61-3,64]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bBMCT=
a,b < c,d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyDeVries et al. (1994): study NL 1992
TitleMaatschappelijke Participatie van Alleenstaanden. (Social Participation of Singles).
SourceSWOKA, Institute for Comsumer Research,1994, Report Nr. 143, The Hague, Netherlands
Public30-65 aged singles, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =460

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 117
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
0 single person household
1 single parent household
Observed distributionSingle persons: N = 386, Single parents: N = 60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%= ns
Single persons: M = 4,08 (CI95 3,99-4,17)
Single parents: M = 3,98 (CI95 3,72-4,24)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyThoits & Hewitt (2001): study US 1986
TitleVolunteer Work and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 2001, Vol. 42, 115 - 131
Public25+ aged, general public, USA, 1986-1989
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-ResponseT1: 33% T2: 21%
Respondents N =2867

Correlate
Author's labelChildren at home
Page in Source 123-126
Our classificationLiving with children, code H13ab02
Operationalization
1= one or more children living at home
0= otherwise
Observed distribution1: 42%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fr=-.08 p < .001
Children at home by T1 Life satisfaction
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-ab=+.60 p < .001
Children at home by T2 Life satisfaction
B controlled for:
-T2 voluntary hours 
-sociodemographic variables
 -age
 -gender
 -ethnicity
 -education
 -family income 
 -employment
 -marital status
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-ab=-.03 ns
Children at home by T2 Life satisfaction
B controlled for:
-sociodemographic variables
 -age
 -gender
 -ethnicity
 -education
 -family income
 -marital status
 -employment
-T2 social intergration
 -church attendance
 -organization attendance
-T1 Life satisfaction(indicating CHANGE in life 
satisfaction)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=-.03 ns
Children at home by T2 Happiness
B controlled for:
-sociodemographic variables
 -age
 -gender
 -ethnicity
 -education
 -family income
 -marital status
 -employment
-T2 social intergration
 -church attendance
 -organization attendance
-T1 happiness measured by a different item 
 "My life could be happier than it is now"


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of people in household
Page in Source 93
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
1: 1 person
2: 2 people
3: 3 people
4: 4 people
5: 5 people
6: 6 people
7: >7 people
Observed distributionN = 1 : 295; 2 : 719; 3 : 327; 4 : 367; 5 : 159; 6 : 56; 7 : 30

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .003
1 Mt=7,67; SD=2,61
2 Mt=8,02; SD=1,68
3 Mt=7,74; SD=1,54
4 Mt=7,64; SD=1,55
5 Mt=7,83; SD=1,52
6 Mt=7,52; SD=1,48
7 Mt=7,73; SD=1,80
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .05
2>1
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .01
2>4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of parents
Page in Source 433, 440
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Retrived from the number of people filling out the 
questionnaire in a household
Observed distributionMales: M=2.34 SD=.98; Females: M=2.26 SD=.99

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved 
characteristics of the neighbourhood)
- age and age squared
- number of children
- marital status
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyEvans & Kelley (2002): study AU 1984
TitleFamily and Community Influences on Life Satisfaction.
SourceReport Melbourne Institute, 2002, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1984-2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35-40%
Respondents N =26009

Correlate
Author's labelFamily size
Page in Source 47,50,52,54,55,57
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Family size

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=+.19 ns
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=+.10 ns
B and beta controlled for:
- Gender
- Migration
- Family of origin:
  - Parent's education
  - Father's status
  - Parents divorced
  - Number of siblings
- Current family situation:
  - Marital status
- Age

B and beta ns when additionally controlled for:
- church attendance
- religious denomination
- charity work


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyBlandford & Chappell (1990): study CA 1985
TitleSubjective Well-being among Native and Non-Native Elderly Persons: Do Differences Exist?
SourceCanadian Journal on Aging, 1990, Vol. 9, 386 - 399
Public50+ aged, Winnipeg,Canada, 1985
Sample
Non-Response15% Natives
Respondents N =390

Correlate
Author's labelFamily size
Page in Source 395
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tb=-.20 ns
b  controlled by :
1. Male Sex
2. Married
3. Widowed
4. Age
5. Monthly income
6. Perceived health
7. Days in bed
8. Functional ability
9. Satisfaction with family
   relationships
10.Social contacts 
11.Number of children
12.Number of siblings
13.Number of caregivers
14.Interaction of ethnicity with
   ability & marital status & days ill


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on household size
Observed distributionM = 3.23

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.00 ns
B controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.00 ns
B additionally controlled for:
 -homeownership property status
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.02 ns
B additionally controlled for:
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.02 ns
B additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.02 ns
B additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.01 ns
B additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold related lifestyles: household size
Page in Source 215,221
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of people living in the same household as 
respondent.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=1.04 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.00 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.09 p < .05
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.04 ns
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- life domain satisfaction
- value priorities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement, alone, with spouse, child, both, or others
Page in Source 138, 146.
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
a: living alone (reference group)
b: living in institution,
c: living with spouse, 
d :living with child,
e :living with child and spouse,
f: living with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOLRC=
Individual happiness by living arrangement.

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate
 
-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Age (groups)
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.61 p < .01
Living in institution
(OPRC = +0,612)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.27 p < .01
living with spouse
(OPRC = +0,267)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.43 p < .01
living with child
(OPRC = 0,+0,425)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.35 p < .01
living with child & spouse
(OPRC = +0,346)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.33 p < .01
living with others
(OPRC = +0,326)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelHousing density
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of persons per room.9-point scale ranging from 
"4 persons or more" to ".19 or less".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.08
rpc controlled for:
-Income
-education
-social status
-chronic illness
-anxiety
-frequency of meetings with relatives
-number of friends
-opportunities to make personal contacts
-possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life
-number of memberships in clubs and associations, 
interesting life
-easyness of life
-loneliness-
-feeling of being liked-
-feeling of being able to use knowledge and 
skills-
-feeling of chance to succeed
-gets sufficient attention
-satisfaction with income
-age
-gender
-number of communities in which lived


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelHousing density
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of persons per room.9-point scale ranging from 
"4 persons or more" to "19 or less".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.08
Controlled for:Income, education, social status, 
chronic illness, anxiety, frequency of meetings 
with relatives, number of friends, opportunities 
to make personal contacts, possibilities to decide 
on matters concerning one's own personal life, 
number of memberships in clubs and associations, 
interesting life, easyness of life, loneliness, 
feeling of being liked, feeling of being able to 
use knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention,satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, number of communities in 
which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of household members
Page in Source 25
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
number of household members

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.33 p < .01
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of persons inhousehold
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Question :'How many persons are living
together with you in your household ?'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.14       +.06       +.07       +.08
1980      +.15       +.09       +.09       +.08
1984      +.16       +.10       +.10       +.09
1988      +.19       +.11       +.12       +.11

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.23       +.19       +.11       +.08
1980      +.22       +.22       +.13       +.09
1984      +.22       +.22       +.13       +.13
1988      +.22       +.23       +.14       +.07

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and mariatal status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyNoll & Weick (2015): study DE 2010
TitleConsumption Expenditures and Subjective Well-Being: Emperical Evidence from Germany
SourceInternational Review of Economics, 2015, Vol. 62, 101 - 119
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s12232-015-0219-3
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2010
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =30000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source Table 3 & Table 4
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on household size
Remarks
Expressed in natural logarithm (ln)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=+.07 p < .05
B controlled for 
-Total household consumption expenditures
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.15 p < .001
B controlled for
-Household net income (ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.17 p < .001
B additionally controlled for
-Total household consumption expenditures (ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.00 ns
B controlled for
-Region in Germany
-Age
-Marital status
-Education
-Employment status
-Self-rated health status
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.14 p < .001
B additionally controlled for
-Total household consumption expenditures(ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.26 p < .001
B additionally controlled for
-Household net income (ln)
Excluded total household consumption 
expenditures(ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.28 p < .001
B additionally controlled for 
-Household net income (ln)
-Total household consumption expenditures (ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=+.09 p < .05
B controlled for
-Expenditures on 11 categories
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.07 ns
B additionally controlled for
-Household net income (ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.21 p < .001
B additionally controlled for
-Region in Germany
-Age
-Marital status
-Education
-Employment status
-Self-rated health status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyKrause (2013): study DE 2007
TitleDon't Worry, be Happy? Happiness and Reemployment.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2013, Vol. 96, 1 - 20
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
Public16+ aged, recently fallen unemployed, Germany, 2007-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2542

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of children in household
Page in Source 7
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Exact question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.11 ns
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) age and age squared
  b) disabled
  c) marital status
  d) having a partner
  e) employment status spouse
  f) employment status partner
  g) gender
  h) education
  i) migrant status
  j) wage in last job
  k) duration of last job
  l) unemployment benefits
  m) reason of termination of last job
  n) children in household (yes/no)
- Environmental characteristics:
  o) national unemployment rate
  p) region/state in Germany
- Interview-specific characteristics:
  q) interview cohort
  s) time between unemployment entry and


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyBoyce & Wood (2011): study DE 2005
TitlePersonality and the Marginal Utility of Income: Personality Interacts with Increases in Household Income to Determine Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2011, Vol. 78, 183 - 191
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167268111000187
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jebo.2011.01.004
Public17-96 aged, general public Germany, followed 4 years 2005-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54460

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size (log)
Page in Source Table 2
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
The number of members in the individual's household
Observed distributionMean: 2.66; S.D.: 1.24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=-.10 p < .01
Beta (-0.103), based upon fixed effects, 
controlled for:

- Monthly household income (log)
- Marital status
- Employment status
- Disabled
- Child dummy

Slightly larger effects for pooled OLS.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyPfeifer (2013): study DE 2003
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Consumption Values of Partners and Friends: Empirical Evidence from German Panel Survey Data.
SourceEconomics Bulletin, 2013, Vol. 33, 3131 - 3142
URLhttp://econpapers.repec.org/article/eblecbull/eb-13-00787.htm
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 5 years, 2003-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9972

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of persons in household
Page in Source Table 2
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of persons in household
Observed distributionM=2,76; SD=1,23

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=-.04 p < .10
b controlled for:
- marital status
- number of close friends
- household income
- german citizenship
- age
- subjective health-status
- employment status
- educational career
- year dummy 2008
- regions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyGray (2014): study DE 2002
TitleFinancial Concerns and Overall Life Satisfaction: A Joint Modelling Approach.
SourceSheffield Economic Research Paper Series, 2014, No. 2014008
URLhttps://www.sheffield.ac.uk/economics/research/serps/articles/2014_008
PublicHeads of households, Germany, 2002
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =7712

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 25,27
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
number of household members
Observed distributionM = 2,467 SD = 1,24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.04 ns
FIXED EFFECTS analysis
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.03 ns
BIVARIATE analysis (Joint modelling of Life 
satisfaction and Financial concerns)

OPRCs controlled for:
- financial situation
  - financial concerns
  - total assets
  - household income
  - debt
  - net wealth
- social situation
  - marital status
  - employment
  - education
- health
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 20, 26, 33, 35
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
number of persons in household
Observed distributionN=338757 M=2.91 sd=1.38; Range=16 Min=1 Max=17

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.12 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.13 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Betas controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyGuven (2009b): study DE 1984
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =21000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 49
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of members

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.05
B controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force satus
  - marital status
  - health status
  - number of children
  - education
  - income
  - gender
  - age
- state
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyVendrik & Woltjer (2007): study DE 1984
TitleHappiness and Loss Aversion: Is utility concave or convex in relative income?
SourceJournal of Public Economics, 2007, Vol. 91, 1423 - 1448
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.02.008
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 17 years, 1984-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =102068

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of adults in household
Page in Source 1436
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of adults in the household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=-.14
b controlled for:
- household income
- reference household income
- unemployment status
- years of education
- age
- weekly hours worked


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelFamily size
Page in Source 269
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
self report

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.15 p < .05
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyVanPraag et al. (2010) Id=7061: study IL 2006
TitleHappiness and Financial Satisfaction in Israel: Effects of Religiosity, Ethnicity, and War.
SourceDiscussion Paper No 5184, IZA, 2010, Bonn, Germany
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1675695
Public20+ aged general population, Israel, 2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6218

Correlate
Author's labelln (family size)
Page in Source 1015-1016
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Other than you, who else lives in the dwelling on a 
permanent basis?

Logarithmic function is taken

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-fb=-.03 ns
JEWS

Interaction log(family size)*degree of 
religiosity: B=+.08(p<.05)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-fb=-.08 ns
ARABS

B's controlled for:
- log age and log age squared
- log income
- degree of religiosity
- log family size*degree of religiosity
- health
- education
- marital status
- (parents') country of origin
- years residing in Israel
- Hebrew fluency
- employment status
- place of interview
- time of interview

Interaction ln(family size)*degree of religiosity: 
B=+.05(ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyZhang (2012a): study JP 2010
TitleHouseholds' Multidimensional Mobilities Over Life Course and QOL: A case Study in Japan
SourceISQOLS: 43, 2012, Japan
URLhttps://sites.google.com/site/junyizhangcho/home/research-topics/citi_qol/d-publications
Public18+ aged, general public, major cities, Japan, 2010
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response5.7%
Respondents N =943

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 17
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.02 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=+.02 ns
OPRCs controlled for:
-Times change in
 -Residential mobility
 -Household structure mobility
 -Employment mobility 
 -Car ownership mobility 
-Residential environment
-Objective living standard
 -House property
 -Household annual income
 -Car number
-Household attributes
 -Single/Couple
 -Number of children
 -Number of elders
 -Worker


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyHowell et al. (2006): study MY 2003
TitleDoes Wealth Enhance Life Satisfaction for People Who Are Materially Deprived? Exploring the Association among the 'Orang Asli' of Peninsular Malaysia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 76, 499 - 524
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-3107-0
PublicHeads of households, Malaysia, 2003
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response4,6%
Respondents N =307

Correlate
Author's labelFamily Size; number of household members.
Page in Source 503, 508
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of household members
Observed distributionM=6,85 persons SD=3,20 persons

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-br=-.04 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyGuven (2009b): study NL 1993
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =4500

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 48
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of members

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=+.33
OLRC controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force status
  - marital status
  - gender
  - income
  - health status
  - age
  - parental status
- province
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1982
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public18-79 aged, general public, Norway, 1982
Sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 412
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Direct question about number of persons in the house.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=+.03
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=+.03
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
occupational prestige, occupationally active, 
marital status, degree of urbanization.

Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.08 p < .05
 controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
occupational prestige, occupationally active, 
marital status, degree of urbanization.

Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1981
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
PublicAdults, general public, Norway, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1521

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 411
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Direct question about number of persons in the house.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
number of friends, occupationally active, marital 
status, degree of urbanization.             
Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyAllardt (1973): study NO 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelHousing density
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of persons per room.9-point scale ranging from 
"4 persons or more" to ".19 or less".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.06
Controlled for:Income, education, social status, 
chronic illness, anxiety, frequency of meetings 
with relatives, number of friends, opportunities 
to make personal contacts, possibilities to decide 
on matters concerning one's own personal life, 
number of memberships in clubs and associations, 
interesting life, easyness of life, loneliness, 
feeling of being liked, feeling of being able to 
use knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention,satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, number of communities in 
which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyFerrer-i-Carbonell & VanPraag (2002): study RU 1997
TitlePoverty in Russia.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2001, Vol.2, 147 - 172.
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1011560530411
Public18+ aged general public, Russia, 1997-1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2233

Correlate
Author's labelFamily size
Page in Source Table 1
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of persons in the household. Children living 
apart not included

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gb=+1.2
1997 family size
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gb=+.02
1997 family size squawed
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gb=+.58
1998 famili size
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gb=-.08
1998 family size squared

b's controled for:
- family 
- interaction with family income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyIbrahim & Chung (2003): study SG 2000
TitleQuality of Life of Residents Living Near Industrial Estates in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 203 - 225
DOIdoi:10.1023/A:1021305620042
Public16+ aged, residents of flats, Jurong quarter, Singapore, 2000
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 221
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
1: 1
2: 2
3: 3
4: 4
5: 5
6: 6
Observed distributionN= 1: 6; 2: 32; 3: 60; 4: 143; 5: 47; 6: 12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-mq-v-5-aDM=
1   M = 3,08
2   M = 3,72
3   M = 3,53
4   M = 3,77
5   M = 3,71
6: 6   M=  3,67
O-DT-c-mq-v-5-aF=2.67 p < .022


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudySeik (2000): study SG 1998
TitleSubjective Assessment of Urban Quality of Life in Singapore (1997-1998).
SourceHabitat International, 2000, Vol. 24, 31 - 49
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197397599000260
DOIdoi:10.1016/S0197-3975(99)00026-0
Public15+ aged, Singapore,1998
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2200

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 44
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
1: 1-2 persons
2: 3-4 persons
3: 5-6 persons
4: 7 or more persons
Observed distributionN= 1: 247, 2: 1084, 3: 706, 4: 79

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-mq-v-5-aDM=+/- p < .002
1-2 persons       M = 3,43
3-4 persons       M = 3,57
5-6 persons       M = 3,56
7 or more persons M = 3,70


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudySeik (2000): study SG 1997
TitleSubjective Assessment of Urban Quality of Life in Singapore (1997-1998).
SourceHabitat International, 2000, Vol. 24, 31 - 49
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197397599000260
DOIdoi:10.1016/S0197-3975(99)00026-0
Public20+ aged, Singapore,1997
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1100

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 44
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
1: 1-2 persons
2: 3-4 persons
3: 5-6 persons
4: 7 or more persons
Observed distributionN= 1: 104, 2: 521, 3: 389, 4: 57

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-mq-v-5-aDM=+ p < .000
1-2 persons       M = 3,34
3-4 persons       M = 3,62
5-6 persons       M = 3,65
7 or more persons M = 3,79


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyKeng & Hooi (1995): study SG 1993
TitleAssessing Quality of Life in Singapore: An Exploratory Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 35, 71 - 91
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079239
Public15-54 aged, general public, Singapore, 1993
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response14%
Respondents N =329

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 83
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
1: 1-3 persons
2: 4 to 5 persons
3: 6 or more persons
Observed distribution1: 27.4% 2: 47.7% 3: 26.4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sqt-n-5-aDM=- ns
1: M = 3.54
2: M = 3.51
3: M = 3.48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyAllardt (1973): study SE 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Sweden, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelHousing density
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of persons per room.9-point scale ranging from 
"4 persons or more" to ".19 or less".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.07
Controlled for: Income, social status, education, 
chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of meetings with 
relatives, no. of friends, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of chance to succeed, feeling 
of being able to use knowledge and skills, gets 
sufficient attention, age, gender, satisfaction 
with income, no. of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyLalive & Stutzer (2010): study CH 2000
TitleApproval of Equal Rights and Gender Differences in Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Popululation Economics, 2010, Vol. 23, 933 - 962
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-009-0257-4
PublicSalaried workers, Switzerland, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6203

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 27
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Square root of number of household members

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.04
B controlled for:
- Age 
- Education
- Marital status
- Nationality
- Employment status
- Household income

B = +.04 means that 1 point difference in 
household size corresponds with +.04 point 
difference in happiness on the 0-10 scale

Ordered Probit analysis (OPRC) yields similar 
results.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyDanzer & Danzer (2014): study UA 2003 /1
TitleThe Long-Run Consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on Subjective Well-Being, Mental Health and Welfare.
SourceMunich Discussion Paper, 2014, No. 2014-25, Munich, Germany
URLhttp://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20969/
Public15-75 aged, Ukraine, followed 4 years, 2003-2007,
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =7985

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 16,36
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Household composition:
Observed distributionRange 1-13, M = 3,3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-rbBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controled for 
- personal characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
- socio-economic status
  - education
  - income
  - employement
- physical condition
  - chronic illness
  - height
  - drinking
  - smoking
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyDanzer & Danzer (2014): study UA 2003
TitleThe Long-Run Consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on Subjective Well-Being, Mental Health and Welfare.
SourceMunich Discussion Paper, 2014, No. 2014-25, Munich, Germany
URLhttp://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20969/
Public6000+ adults, aged 15 to 75, Ukraine
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =11922

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 16,36
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of household members as measured in the 
household roster.
Observed distributionM = 3,30. Range: 1-13.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controled for:
- gender
- married state
- widowed state
- separated state
- chronic disease
- drinker
- smoker
- height
- unemployed
- inactive
- household size
- log income
- years of schooling
- pensioner


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyClark & D'Angelo (2013): study GB 1991
TitleUpward Social Mobility, Well-being and Political Preferences: Evidence from the BHPS.
SourceRePec Working Paper 338, 2013, Italy
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/anc/wpaper/338.html
Public18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1991-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =90234

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 9,13
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Not specified

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eBeta=-
Control variables not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelhousehold size
Page in Source Table 1
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of persons (log)
Observed distributionM:0.9; SD:0.56

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.18 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- Income relative to neighborhood
- Household income
- Value of home
- Renter
- Usual working hours
- Employment status
- Gender
- Age
- Race
- Years of education
- Religion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyShin & Johnson (1978): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness as the Overall Assesment of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 475 - 492
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352944
PublicHeads of households, Illinois, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =665

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of people living together
Page in Source 483/487
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Self report

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.04 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.04
Beta controled for:
- resources only
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.02
Beta controled for:
- recources
- assessments
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.01
Beta controled for
- resources
- comparisons
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.04
Beta controled for:
- resources
- assessments
- comparisons

Resources: 
- race
- sex
- age
- income
- education
- home ownership
- marital status
- number of children
Assessments: satisfaction with: 
- standard of living
- leisure time
- housing
- health
- education
- community
- government
Comparisons: 
- perception of being happier than others
- perceived financial improvement in the past few 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyFernandez & Kulik (1981): study US 1973
TitleA Multilevel Model of Life Satisfaction: Effects of Individual Characteristics and Neighborhood Composition.
SourceAmerican Sociological Review, 1981, Vol. 46, 840 - 850
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973-1974
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =5916

Correlate
Author's labelFamily size
Page in Source 845-846
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Number of people in the household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cr=+.00
Disattenuated r = +.01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for personal characteristics:
sex, age, education, race, health status, married, 
divorced/separated, family income. 
Disattenuated  = -.04                           
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cBeta=-.03 ns
 controled for personal-characteristics (above) 
and neighbourhood-characteristics (urbanity, costs 
of living, % whites, income-inequality, difference 
own age with average, difference own income with 
average)
Disattenuated  = -.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyDavis (1984): study US 1972
TitleNew Money, an Old Man/Lady and Two's Company: Subjective Welfare in the NORC General Social Surveys 1972-1982.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 319 - 350.
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00351443
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13581

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 330
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
0 1
1 2
2 3
3 4
4 5 or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dG=-.46 p < .05
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtau=-.34 p < .05
% very happy
0      23
1      41
2      34
3      36
4      34
The relationship disappears largely after control 
for marital status, race, social participation and 
recent change in income.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of persons in household
Subject code: H13ab03

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelFamily size
Our classificationNumber of persons in household, code H13ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport of the number of persons in the household: 
loglinear function.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=-.28 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B=-.27
Nonworkers: B=-.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Non-nuclear household
Subject code: H13ab04

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source A80+87+B85
Our classificationNon-nuclear household, code H13ab04
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 363, b: 611, c: 126, d: 597, e: 155, f: 124

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,54; SD = 2.04
b Mt = 8,20; SD = 1,42
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,00
d Mt = 7,76; SD = 1,51
e Mt = 7,41; SD = 1,64
f Mt = 7,38; SD = 1,82
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
a Mt = 7,19; SD = 2,05
b Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,03
d Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,69
e Mt = 7,10; SD = 1,98
f Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,06
Set Image size:   

M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a   p<.000
b>c  p<.031
b>d  p<.016
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Non-nuclear household
Subject code: H13ab04

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B88
Our classificationNon-nuclear household, code H13ab04
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 1049, b: 1845, c: 349, d: 1758, e: 457, f:355
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,92
b Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,03; SD = 2,08
d Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,50
e Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,63
f Mt = 7,34; SD = 1,71
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
1a>1   p<.000
1a>1b  p<.000
1a>2a  p<.000
1a>2b  p<.000
1a>2c  p<.000
.000  2a>1
.000  2a>1b
.001  2a>2b
.000  2a>2c
.009  2b>1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
1  Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,84
1a Mt = 7,96; SD = 1,50
1b Mt = 7,46; SD = 1,79
2  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,67
2a Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,51
2b Mt = 7,44; SD = 1,73
2c Mt = 7,33; SD = 1,76
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
d>a  p<.042


Correlational finding on Happiness and Non-nuclear household
Subject code: H13ab04

StudyWeick (1994a): study DE 1993
TitleFamilie. (Family).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Eds.: "Datenreport 1994", Bundeszentrale fr politische Bilding, 1994, Germany, 508 - 520
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/weick_s_1994A.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1993
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFamily and household forms
Page in Source 513
Our classificationNon-nuclear household, code H13ab04
Operationalization
1. Living alone
   a single
   b divorced
   c widowed
2. Living together
   a with partner, no children
   b with partner and children
   c with others (communal)
   d other family household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-fDM=
Living alone                    West     East
a single                        7,7       7,1*
b divorced                      7,0       4,6*
c widowed                       7,6       6,6
Living together
a. with partner, no child       8,0       7,0
b. with partner and children    8,0       7,1
c. with others                  8,0       6,9
a with partner, no children     7,9       6,4
b with partner and children     -         6,9
c with others (communal)        8,0        -
d other family houhold          8,0       6,9

* N<20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Non-nuclear household
Subject code: H13ab04

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelFamily type
Page in Source 269
Our classificationNon-nuclear household, code H13ab04
Operationalization
1 joint
2 nuclear
Observed distribution1: 47% 2: 52%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.08 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Non-nuclear household
Subject code: H13ab04

StudyPrins (2008): study NL 2007
TitleDe Deugd van Tegenwoordig. Onderzoek naar Jongeren en hun Grenzen. ( Virtue today; a study on risk behavior among younsters).
SourceResearch Report 2008, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/prins_m_2008.pdf
Public12-18 aged, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15116

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Page in Source 7
Our classificationNon-nuclear household, code H13ab04
Operationalization
a: living with both parents 
b: living with mother only
c: half with father, half with mother
d: living with mother and stepfather
e: living with father only 
f: other
g: living independent
h: living with father and stepmother
i: living with foster parents
j: living in children's home
Observed distributionin %: a: 74.9; b: 9.3; c: 6.4; d: 2.9; e : 2.1; f: 1.9; g: 1.1; h: 0,8; i: 0,4; j: 0,3.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
a: living with both parents           M= 7.8
b: living with mother only            M= 7.3
c: half with father, half with mother M= 7.5
d: living with mother and stepfather  M= 7.3
e: living with father only            M= 7.4
f: other                              M= 7.3 
g: living independent                 M= 7.3
h: living with father and stepmother  M= 7.3
i: living with foster parents         M= 7.2
j: living in children's home          M= 6.4
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Autochtones only 
a:living with both parents           M=7.83
b:living with mother only            M=7.31 
c:half with father, half with mother M=7.53
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=7.32
e:living with father only            M=7.41
f:other                              M=7.38
g:living independent                 M=7.38
h:living with father and stepmother  M=7.35 
i:living in children's home          M=7.25
j:living in children's home          M=6.85
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Allochtones (Turkish and Moroccan) only 
a:living with both parents           M=7.52 
b:living with mother only            M=7.60
c:half with father, half with mother M=7.53
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=8.12
e:living with father only            M=7.99    
f:living with both parents           M=6.50 
g:living independent                 M=6.57
h:living with father and stepmother  M=4.99
i:living with foster parents         M=6.73
j:living in children's home          M=5.04
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Autochtone boys only
a:living with both parents           M=7.96 
b:living with mother only            M=7.56 
c:half with father, half with mother M=7.91 
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=7.43
e:living with father only            M=7.62    
f:other                              M=7.62
g:living independent                 M=7.31 
h:living with father and stepmother  M=7.27 
i:living with foster parents         M=7.08
j:living in children's home          M=7.21
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Autochtone girls only
a:living with both parents          M=7.69
b:living with mother only           M=7.08
c:half with father,half with mother M=7.13 
d:living with mother and stepfather M=7.25 
e:living with father only           M=7.19
f:other                             M=7.62
g:living independent                M=7.31
h:living with father and stepmother M=7.51 
i:living with foster parents        M=7.41
j:living in children's home         M=5.63
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=
Allochtone boys only
a:living with both parents          M=7.64
b:living with mother only           M=7.52
c:half with father,half with mother  M=7.12        
 
d:living with mother and stepfather M=8.36
e:living with father only           M=8.00 
f:other                             M=6.59
g:living independent                M=7.56
h:living with father and stepmother  -    i:living 
with foster parents        M=6.00
j:living in children's home         M=5.50.
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-a
Allochtone girls only
a:living with both parents           M=7.41 
b:living with mother only            M=7.66
c:half with father, half with mother M=8.04
d:living with mother and stepfather  M=7.62
e:living with father only            M=7.99
f:other                              M=6.43 
g:living independent                 M=5.87 
h:living with father and stepmother  -    
i:living with foster parents         M=7.00 
j:living in children's home          M=4.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Own position in household
Subject code: H13ab05

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source 161
Our classificationOwn position in household, code H13ab05
Operationalization
1 : Live Alone
2 : Live Together
 a: Live with Partner Only
 b: Sole Parent
 c: Live with Partner & Children
 d: Live with Parents
 e: Live with Other Adults
Observed distributionN = 1: 373, 2a: 610, 2b: 115, 2c: 613, 2d: 150, 2e: 103

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
1  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,90
2a Mt = 7,06; SD = 1,61
2b Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,14
2c Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,45
2d Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,73
2e Mt = 7,14; SD = 1,73
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .014
2a>1
2a>2b 
2a>2d
2a>2e
2c>1
2c>2b
2c>2e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,70; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,44
c Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,46
d Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,30
e Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,35
f Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,27
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .037
2a>2b
2a>2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Own position in household
Subject code: H13ab05

StudyGwanfogbe et al. (1970): study CM 1965
TitlePolygyny and Marital Life Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study from Rural Cameroon.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1970, Vol. 28, 55 - 71
PublicMothers of young child, rural areas, Cameroon, 196?
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelWife order
Page in Source 62,64
Our classificationOwn position in household, code H13ab05
Operationalization
Wife order
1 first wife
2 second wife
3 third wife
4 fourth wife
5 fifth or higher
Observed distribution1: 12,3%, 2: 20,3%, 3: 9,0%, 4: 3,0%, 5: 2,0%
Remarks
In polygamous households only one wife was interviewed.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .05
junior wives happier
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta= ns
Beta controled for:
- marital satisfaction
- husband's supportiveness
- socio economic status

Using mean substitution for missing variables, 
along with backwards eliminaton of variables.
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta=+.14 ns
Using listwise deletion of missing data along with 
backwards elimination of varables. 
N =152.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Own position in household
Subject code: H13ab05

StudyFalco et al. (2012): study GH 2004
TitleHeterogeneity in Subjective Wellbeing. An Application to Occupational Allocation in Africa.
SourcePolicy Research Working Paper 6244, Worldbank, 2012, USA
Public15-60 aged, urban population, Ghana, followed 7 years, 2004-2010
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3216

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Head
Page in Source 43
Our classificationOwn position in household, code H13ab05
Operationalization
1: Household head
0: Not
Remarks
Pooled data T1 to T+4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aOPRC=+.00 ns
OPRC controled for:
- self-employed, with employee
- earnings (log)
- work conditions
  - hours-squared (log)
  - tenure (log)
  - apprentice
- personal characteristics
  - household assets
  - married
  - sexe
  - age
  - age-squared
  - education-squared (log)
- situation
  - ethnicity (dummy)
  - city (dummy)
  - year (dummy)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Own position in household
Subject code: H13ab05

StudyPosel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008
TitleRelative Standing and Subjective Well-Being in South Africa: The Role of Perception, Expectations and Income Mobility.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 195 - 223
URLhttp://econrsa.org/home/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=295&Itemid=67
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9740-2
Public17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =28000

Correlate
Author's labelHead of household
Page in Source 203,208,212
Our classificationOwn position in household, code H13ab05
Operationalization
1: yes
0: no
Observed distribution1: 46%, 0:54%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=-.05 p < .10
All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=-.02 ns
Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.06 ns
Whites only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I
OPRC's controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - ethnicity
  - age
  - years of schooling
  - sexe
  - marital status
  - health status
  - employment status
- household characteristics
  - number of children
  - number of pensioners
  - quality dwelling place
  - quality toilet
- social capital variables
  - involved in religious activities
  - neigbours
  - crime in neighbourhood
  - member of a group
  - owns a cellular phone
- income variables
  - per capita household income (Rands)
  - actual rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in SA (richest, middle, 
poorest)
  - percieved rank in village/suburb (richest, 
middle, poorest)
  - percieved to be better/same/worse than at age 
15
  - expect to be better/same/worse off 2 years 
hence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source A80+87+B85
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 363, b: 611, c: 126, d: 597, e: 155, f: 124

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,54; SD = 2.04
b Mt = 8,20; SD = 1,42
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,00
d Mt = 7,76; SD = 1,51
e Mt = 7,41; SD = 1,64
f Mt = 7,38; SD = 1,82
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
a Mt = 7,19; SD = 2,05
b Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,26; SD = 2,03
d Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,69
e Mt = 7,10; SD = 1,98
f Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,06
Set Image size:   

M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a   p<.000
b>c  p<.031
b>d  p<.016
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source B88
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
a  live alone
b  live with partner only
c  sole parent
d  live with partner & children
e  live with parents
f  live with other adults
Observed distributionN = a: 1049, b: 1845, c: 349, d: 1758, e: 457, f:355
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
a Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,92
b Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,55
c Mt = 7,03; SD = 2,08
d Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,50
e Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,63
f Mt = 7,34; SD = 1,71
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
1a>1   p<.000
1a>1b  p<.000
1a>2a  p<.000
1a>2b  p<.000
1a>2c  p<.000
.000  2a>1
.000  2a>1b
.001  2a>2b
.000  2a>2c
.009  2b>1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
1  Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,84
1a Mt = 7,96; SD = 1,50
1b Mt = 7,46; SD = 1,79
2  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,67
2a Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,51
2b Mt = 7,44; SD = 1,73
2c Mt = 7,33; SD = 1,76
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
b>a  p<.000
b>c  p<.000
b>d  p<.000
b>e  p<.000
b>f  p<.000
d>a  p<.042


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyWinkelmann (2006): study DE 2000
TitleParental Separation and Well-Being of Youths. Evidence from Germany.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 197 - 208
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.008
Public16-18 aged, Germany, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelLiving at home
Page in Source 5,17,18
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
0 Not living with parents
1 Living with parents
Observed distributionM =0,993 (99%), SD = 0,07
Remarks
p5:"This high proportion may overstate the true 
percentage in the population somewhat, since by virtue 
of the survey design, household members leaving and 
forming new households, though being followed-up in 
principle, frequently drop out of the survey in 
practive, because they annot be located or refuse 
further participation."

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
also controlled for:
- non-intact family
- household income 
- having an own room
- being a single child
- gender
- German nationality
- Territory of West Germany
- Being in school
- Engaged in vocational training
- work
- region of childhood (mid-sized city,small-city, 
rural area)	
probit result= 0,055
CI95=[ -0.98  1,09]
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
additionally controlled for
- type of school(hauptschule, realschule, 
gymnasium)
- good student
- repeat a grade
- education of parents(father gymnasium, mother 
gymnasium)
- log number of books in the household
probit result= 0,128
CI95=[ -0,91  1,17]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelLiving with parents at 16
Page in Source 20, 26, 33, 35
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
1 living with own parents at 16 years old
0 other
Observed distributionN=338730 M=1.65 sd=0.48

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.00 ns
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.00 ns
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Betas controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 312
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
Questions on living arrangement were operationalized 
as:
a: living with offspring
b: living with older adults
c: number of generations in the household
d: number of living children
Dichotomized as:
1: Yes 
0: No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.4 ns
Living with offspring    (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+5.9 p < .01
Living with older adults (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.7 ns
Number of generations in the household
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+4.5 ns
Number of living children

B is controlled for: 
-residence
-marital status
-income
-education
-age
-gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelResidence of parents
Page in Source 79
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Full text not reported. 


0: Living together
1: Not living together

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyZhang (2012a): study JP 2010
TitleHouseholds' Multidimensional Mobilities Over Life Course and QOL: A case Study in Japan
SourceISQOLS: 43, 2012, Japan
URLhttps://sites.google.com/site/junyizhangcho/home/research-topics/citi_qol/d-publications
Public18+ aged, general public, major cities, Japan, 2010
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response5.7%
Respondents N =943

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of elders
Page in Source 17
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Number of elders in your household?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.08 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=-.10 ns
OPRCs controlled for:
-Times change in
 -Residential mobility
 -Household structure mobility
 -Employment mobility 
 -Car ownership mobility 
-Residential environment
-Objective living standard
 -House property
 -Household annual income
 -Car number
-Household attributes
 -Household size
 -Single/Couple
 -Number of children
 -Worker


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyOshio (2011): study JP 2007
TitleGender Differences among Elderly Japanese: Importance of Family and Social Relations for Life Satisfaction.
SourceRIETI Discussion Paper Series 11-E-051, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, JAA, (RIETI), Hitotsubashi University, 2011, Japan
URLhttp://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/11e051.pdf
Public50-75 aged, Japan, 2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3063

Correlate
Author's labelCo-residence with parents and parents-in-law
Page in Source 7, 22-23
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
Self report on whether respondent co-resides with 
parents and parents-in-law or not.
1: co-residence with parents and parents in law
0: no co-residence with parents and 
parents-in-law(reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.89 ns
Men 
parents       (coresidence vs non-residence)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.90 ns
Women   
parents         (coresidence vs non-residence)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.62 ns
Men
parents-in-law  (coresidence vs non-residence)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.29 p < .05
Women
parents-in-law  (coresidence vs non-residence)


OR controlled for:
-age
-educational attainment
-house ownership
-occupational status
-survey areas


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with parents
Subject code: H13ab06

StudyVanSluijs (2004): study NL 1987
TitleEffecten van Levenslooptransities op de Tevredenheid van Jong Volwassenen. (Effects of Lifecourse Transition on Satisfaction of Adolescents).
SourceMaster thesis, University Tilburg, 2004, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vansluijs_J_2004.pdf
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 30, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36,6% (baseline)
Respondents N =836

Correlate
Author's labelLeft parental home
Page in Source 62
Our classificationLiving with parents, code H13ab06
Operationalization
0 Still living with parents
1 Has left parental home
Observed distributionN in this situation at: T1= 693, T1-T3=403, T3-T4=56, T3-T5 or T4-T5=34, Total=1226
Remarks
Home situation assessed at:
T1: 1987 when aged 18 to 26
T2: 1989 when aged 20 to 28
T3: 1991 when aged 22 to 30
T4: 1995 when aged 26 to 34
T5: 1999 when aged 30 to 34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=
B's indicate average difference between Ss who 
left parental home over this 12 year period and Ss 
who did not
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.30 p < .01
B controlled for personal characteristics:
- age
- age
- gender 
- education
- cohort 1965 vs cohort 1961
- cohort 1969 vs cohort 1961
- mental health
- neuroticism
and life course transitions (happened or not):
- first job
- no job
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.27 p < .01
additional controlled for years since transition:
- first paid job
- no job
- left parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child

Unaffected by squaring the above years of 
transition variables

Unaffected by gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household members
Subject code: H13ac

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source 161
Our classificationHousehold members, code H13ac
Operationalization
1 : Live Alone
2 : Live Together
 a: Live with Partner Only
 b: Sole Parent
 c: Live with Partner & Children
 d: Live with Parents
 e: Live with Other Adults
Observed distributionN = 1: 373, 2a: 610, 2b: 115, 2c: 613, 2d: 150, 2e: 103

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
1  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,90
2a Mt = 7,06; SD = 1,61
2b Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,14
2c Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,45
2d Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,73
2e Mt = 7,14; SD = 1,73
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .014
2a>1
2a>2b 
2a>2d
2a>2e
2c>1
2c>2b
2c>2e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,70; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,44
c Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,46
d Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,30
e Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,35
f Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,27
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .037
2a>2b
2a>2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household members
Subject code: H13ac

StudyZhang & Liu (2007): study CN 2002
TitleChildlessness, Psychlogical Well-being and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in China
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 2007, 22:185-203
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10823-007-9037-3
Public65+ aged, China, 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13447

Correlate
Author's labelCo-residence
Page in Source 193
Our classificationHousehold members, code H13ac
Operationalization
1: Living with household members
2: Living alone
3: Living in nursing homes (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=-.23 p < .01
Living with household members (vs living in 
nursing home)
B controlled for 
- age
- gender
- education 
- residence
- access to pension 
- access to medical services
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=-.61 p < .01
Living alone (vs living in nursing home)
B controlled for 
- age
- gender
- education 
- residence
- access to pension 
- access to medical services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household members
Subject code: H13ac

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement, alone, with spouse, child, both, or others
Page in Source 138, 146.
Our classificationHousehold members, code H13ac
Operationalization
a: living alone (reference group)
b: living in institution,
c: living with spouse, 
d :living with child,
e :living with child and spouse,
f: living with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOLRC=
Individual happiness by living arrangement.

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate
 
-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Age (groups)
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.61 p < .01
Living in institution
(OPRC = +0,612)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.27 p < .01
living with spouse
(OPRC = +0,267)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.43 p < .01
living with child
(OPRC = 0,+0,425)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.35 p < .01
living with child & spouse
(OPRC = +0,346)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.33 p < .01
living with others
(OPRC = +0,326)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household members
Subject code: H13ac

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelLiving together with partner
Page in Source 792
Our classificationHousehold members, code H13ac
Operationalization
0 Without partner
1 With partner

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ p < .01
OPRC (+.19) controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size. OPRC means only that living with a partner 
goes with more happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household members
Subject code: H13ac

StudyOlgiati et al. (2013): study ZZ Western nations 2006
TitleAre Migrants Going Up a Blind Alley? Economic Migration and Life Satisfaction around the World: Cross-National Evidence from Europe, North America and Australia
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 114, 383 - 404
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0151-4
Public15+ aged general public, 16 Western countries, 2006-2011
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =51004

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold size
Page in Source 392, 395
Our classificationHousehold members, code H13ac
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Including yourself, how many people who are residents 
of [country], age 15 or over, currently live in this 
household?
Observed distributionM= 2.10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
- ln income
- foreign born
- ln income*foreign born
- age and age squared
- gender
- marital status
- religion
- satisfaction with health
- country of residence
- survey round
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=+.00 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- being unemployed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household members
Subject code: H13ac

StudyChang & Nayga Jr. (2010): study TW 2001
TitleChildhood Obesity and Unhappiness: the Influence of Soft Drinks and Fast Food Consumption.
SourceJournal of Happines Studies, 2010, Vol. 11, 261 - 275
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-009-9139-4
PublicUnder 12 aged, children, Taiwan, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelLong care
Page in Source Table 2 & Table 3
Our classificationHousehold members, code H13ac
Operationalization
Mothers report on if any family member needs long term 
medical care
1: yes
0: no
Observed distributionM = .12; SD = .33
Remarks
Order reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-rdf-v-3-ar=-.27 p < .1
(P < .10)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of household-members
Subject code: H13ac01

StudyFrijters et al. (2006): study RU 1994
TitleCan the Large Swings in Russian Life Satisfaction be Explained by Ups and Downs in Real Incomes?
SourceScandinavion Journal of Economics, 2006, Vol. 108, 433 - 458
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1467-9442.2006.00459
Public18-65 aged general public, Russia, followed yearly, 1994-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =38000

Correlate
Author's labelHealth
Page in Source 450
Our classificationCharacteristics of household-members, code H13ac01
Operationalization
a) Poor health: 1 yes, 0 no
b) Poor health of other household member: 1 yes, 0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nBeta-f=-.43
a) poor health, men
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nBeta-f=-.43
a) poor health, women
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nBeta-f=-.15
b) poor health of other household member, men
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nBeta-f=-.15
b) poor health of other household member, women

All beta's controlled for:
- marital status
- children
- age
- employment status
- income in region
- household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of household-members
Subject code: H13ac01

StudyPosel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008
TitleRelative Standing and Subjective Well-Being in South Africa: The Role of Perception, Expectations and Income Mobility.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 195 - 223
URLhttp://econrsa.org/home/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=295&Itemid=67
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9740-2
Public17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =28000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of pensioners in household
Page in Source 208
Our classificationCharacteristics of household-members, code H13ac01
Operationalization
Pensioners >64 years
1 yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.03 ns
All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.03 ns
Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=-.01 ns
Whites only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I
OPRC's controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - ethnicity
  - head
  - age
  - years of schooling
  - sexe
  - marital status
  - health status
- household characteristics
  - number of children
  - quality dwelling place
  - quality toilet
- social capital variables
  - involved in religious activities
  - neigbours
  - crime in neighbourhood
  - member of a group
  - owns a cellular phone
- income variables
  - per capita household income (Rands)
  - actual rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in SA (richest, middle, 
poorest)
  - percieved rank in village/suburb (richest, 
middle, poorest)
  - percieved to be better/same/worse than at age 
15
  - expect to be better/same/worse off 2 years 
hence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Dependent persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01a

StudyBerger (2009): study DE 1994
TitleMaternal Employment and Happiness: The Effect of Non-Particpation and Part-time Employment on Mothers' Life Satisfaction.
SourceSOEP paper No. 178, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.98011.de/diw_sp0178.pdf
PublicMothers aged 20-65, Germany, followed 14 years, 1994-2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5706

Correlate
Author's labelPerson in need of care in the household
Page in Source 6,8,21
Our classificationDependent persons in household, code H13ac01a
Operationalization
0 No Person in need of care in the household
1 Person in need of care in the household
Observed distributionM = .02

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.25 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age
- Migration background
- Residual Household Income
- Education
- Disabled
- Self-rated health
- East Germany
- Size of the municipality
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 ns
Fixed effects.
B same controls as OLS except for age and 
migration background.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Dependent persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01a

StudyFrijters et al. (2004a): study DE 1991 /1
TitleMoney does Matter! Evidence from Increasing Real Income and Life Satisfaction in East Germany following Reunification.
SourceThe American Economic Review, 2004, Vol. 94, 730 - 740
DOIDOI:10.1257/0002828041464551
Public21-64 aged general public, East Germany, 1991-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3086

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of childeren
Page in Source 735
Our classificationDependent persons in household, code H13ac01a
Operationalization
Number of children in the household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=+.11
Men only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=+.07
Women only

Beta's controlled for:
- marital status
- disability
- employment status
- household income
- border east/west germany
- year dummies


Correlational finding on Happiness and Dependent persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01a

StudyFrijters et al. (2004): study DE 1985
TitleInvestigating Patterns and Determinants of Life Satisfaction in Germany following Reunifacation.
SourceThe Journal of Human Resources, 2004, Vol. 39, 649 - 674
Public21-64 aged, general public, Germany, followed 14 years, 1985-1999
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =18350

Correlate
Author's labelInvalid in household
Page in Source 661, 662
Our classificationDependent persons in household, code H13ac01a
Operationalization
1 yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBeta=-
      Males      Females
East: Beta=-.27  Beta=-.48
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBeta=-
West: Beta=-.32  Beta=-.48

Beta's controlled for:
- Year
- Age
- Foreigner-born
- Marital status
- Death of other family member in last year
- Disabled
- Ln(1+number of days in hospital in last year)
- Number of children
- Had a baby in last year
- Years of schooling
- Employed status
- Log household income (post tax)
- Moved home within country in last year
- Moved to West/East Germany following 
reunification
- Live on the border of East and West Germany

Beta of East Germany additionally controlled for :
- Being member of the Communist Party before 
reunification


Correlational finding on Happiness and Dependent persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01a

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 312
Our classificationDependent persons in household, code H13ac01a
Operationalization
Questions on living arrangement were operationalized 
as:
a: living with offspring
b: living with older adults
c: number of generations in the household
d: number of living children
Dichotomized as:
1: Yes 
0: No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.4 ns
Living with offspring    (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+5.9 p < .01
Living with older adults (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.7 ns
Number of generations in the household
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+4.5 ns
Number of living children

B is controlled for: 
-residence
-marital status
-income
-education
-age
-gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Dependent persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01a

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelFamily members' condition
Page in Source 86
Our classificationDependent persons in household, code H13ac01a
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Full text not reported. 


A: a patient who is certified as needed long-term care
B: a bedridden patient
C: a patient under medical care
D: a patient who is certified as disabled

Rated as:
0: Do not have
1: Living with a patient
2: Not living with a patient

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Dependent persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01a

StudyMaxwell (1985): study US 1966
TitleThe Retirement Experience: Psychological and Financial Linkages to the Labor Market.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1985, Vol. 66, 22 - 33
Public45+ aged males, USA, followed 12 years 1966-1978
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1173

Correlate
Author's labelDependents in household
Page in Source 31
Our classificationDependent persons in household, code H13ac01a
Operationalization
Single closed question about number of dependents in 
household at T2.
Remarks
T1: 1966 when still working; T2: 1978 retired

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-fBeta=-.05 ns
T2 dependants by T2 happiness (post retirement)

Beta controlled for:
- Reasons for retirement
  - health  
  - compulsory plan
  - unemployment
- T1 work situation
  - job satisfaction                       
  - work motivation
- T2 life situation
  - health problems
  - marital status                             
  - number of years retired
  - income (logarithm)
- Race (Black vs white)
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-fBeta=-.07 p < .05
Beta when income increase/decrease is included 
instead of absolute income

Same for blacks and whites.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Handicapped persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01b

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelHandicapped or disabled in household
Our classificationHandicapped persons in household, code H13ac01b
Operationalization
Question :'Is there in your household 
somebody who is permanently disabled or
who needs nursing during a longer period ?' 
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978     
1980      +.06       +.08       +.05       +.07
1984      +.19       +.31       +.18       +.20
1988      +.16       +.32       +.16       +.17

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      
1980      +.05       +.10       +.05       +.05
1984      +.10       +.28       +.09       +.10
1988      +.09       +.27       +.09       +.10

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Handicapped persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01b

StudyBerger (2009): study DE 1994
TitleMaternal Employment and Happiness: The Effect of Non-Particpation and Part-time Employment on Mothers' Life Satisfaction.
SourceSOEP paper No. 178, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.98011.de/diw_sp0178.pdf
PublicMothers aged 20-65, Germany, followed 14 years, 1994-2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5706

Correlate
Author's labelPerson in need of care in the household
Page in Source 6,8,21
Our classificationHandicapped persons in household, code H13ac01b
Operationalization
0 No Person in need of care in the household
1 Person in need of care in the household
Observed distributionM = .02

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.25 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age
- Migration background
- Residual Household Income
- Education
- Disabled
- Self-rated health
- East Germany
- Size of the municipality
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 ns
Fixed effects.
B same controls as OLS except for age and 
migration background.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Handicapped persons in household
Subject code: H13ac01b

StudyFrijters et al. (2004a): study DE 1991 /1
TitleMoney does Matter! Evidence from Increasing Real Income and Life Satisfaction in East Germany following Reunification.
SourceThe American Economic Review, 2004, Vol. 94, 730 - 740
DOIDOI:10.1257/0002828041464551
Public21-64 aged general public, East Germany, 1991-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3086

Correlate
Author's labelDisability
Page in Source 735
Our classificationHandicapped persons in household, code H13ac01b
Operationalization
a) Disabled: 1 yes, 0 no
b) Level of disability: measured in percentages
c) Invalid in household: 1 yes, 0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=-.26
a) disabled, men only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=-.01
a) disabled, women only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=-.01
b) level of disbility, men only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=-.00
b) level of disability, women only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=-.31
c) invalid in the household, men pnly
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta-f=-.60
c) invalid in the household, women pnly

Beta's controlled for:
- marital status
- number of children
- employment status
- household income
- border east/west germany
- year dummies


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimacy with household-members
Subject code: H13ac02

StudyPalisi (1985a): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /1
TitleInteraction with Kin, Social-Status and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 24, 14 - 34
DOIDOI: 10.1163/156854285X00141
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelInteraction with household members
Page in Source 25
Our classificationIntimacy with household-members, code H13ac02
Operationalization
Single closed question on how often the
respondent has discussed intimate matters with 
household members including the spouse, rated from 
'daily' to 'never'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.15 p < .01
Los Angeles: rpc = +.12   (05)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .01
Los Angeles: rpc = +.20   (001)
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.21 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc = +.20   (01)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.21 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc = +.17   (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimacy with household-members
Subject code: H13ac02

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of contacts with household members
Page in Source 71
Our classificationIntimacy with household-members, code H13ac02
Operationalization
Question: generally troubled / sometimes one, sometimes 
the other / generally pleasant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.42 p < .01
Computed for Ss who ar living with others only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to household-composition
Subject code: H13ad

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfeelings at home
Page in Source 264
Our classificationAttitudes to household-composition, code H13ad
Operationalization
Single question:
"How do you feel when you are at home ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:4, 2:17, 3:100, 4:601, 5:746

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.50 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.25
 2: Mt=3.83
 3: Mt=5.50
 4: Mt=7.30
 5: Mt=8.59
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.54 p < .00
 1: Mt=0.63
 2: Mt=3.53
 3: Mt=4.95
 4: Mt=6.93
 5: Mt=8.34
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.52 p < .00
 1: Mt=0.63
 2: Mt=3.68
 3: Mt=5.10
 4: Mt=6.33
 5: Mt=7.81
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to household-composition
Subject code: H13ad

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfeelings at home
Page in Source 274
Our classificationAttitudes to household-composition, code H13ad
Operationalization
Single question:
"How do you feel when you are at home ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4604; 1:13; 2:78; 3:323; 4:1930; 5:2260

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.56 p < .00
1: Mt=2.31
2: Mt=3.71
3: Mt=5.03
4: Mt=7.24
5: Mt=8.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.57 p < .00
1: Mt=2.11
2: Mt=3.10
3: Mt=4.41
4: Mt=6.91
5: Mt=8.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.56 p < .00
1: Mt=2.50
2: Mt=3.48
3: Mt=4.69
4: Mt=6.41
5: Mt=8.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to household-composition
Subject code: H13ad

StudyFranklin et al. (1986): study US 1985
TitleAssessing Quality of Life of the Mentally Ill. A Three Dimensional Model.
SourceEvaluation & The Health Professions, 1986, Vol. 9, 376 -388
Public18-65 aged, mentally ill, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Living Arrangements
Page in Source 383
Our classificationAttitudes to household-composition, code H13ad
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aAoV=3,37 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.21
Beta controlled for actual living arrangements.

(No significant relation between objective 
(actual)living arrangements and satisfaction with 
such arrangements)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitude to living alone
Subject code: H13ad01

StudyGundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999
TitleHappiness and Life Satisfaction in Advanced European Countries.
SourceCross-Cultural Research, 2004, Vol. 38, 359 - 386
DOIDOI: n10.1177/1069397104267483
Public18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10517

Correlate
Author's labelSocial stigma attached to being single
Page in Source 383
Our classificationAttitude to living alone, code H13ad01
Operationalization
Agreement to statement:"A marriage or long term 
relationship is necessary to be happy." 
The response categories are: agree strongly, agree, 
neither agree nor disagree, disagree and disagree 
strongly.
1 low agreement in nation
2 high agreement in nation
Remarks
Cut-off points not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=-
percentage happy in nations where: 
- agreement to statement is low = 40%
- agreement to statment is high = 33%
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aG=-.17 p < .0000
Gs controlled for
- participation in voluntary organizations
- % scoring 10 on satisfaction with life and job
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM= ns
Happiness of singles in nations with: 
- low agreement  M = 3,05  SD = 0,36
- high agreement M = 3,21  SD = 0,68
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM= ns
Happiness of marrieds in nations with: 
- low agreement  M = 3,44  SD = 0,55
- high agreement M = 3,30  SD = 0,41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitude to living alone
Subject code: H13ad01

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelObjection to living alone
Page in Source 71
Our classificationAttitude to living alone, code H13ad01
Operationalization
0 No                                   1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=-.56 p < .01
Computed for Ss who are living alone only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitude to privacy
Subject code: H13ad02

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElmntapahtumat ja Elmn Tyytyvisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelLack of privacy (in housing)
Page in Source 261
Our classificationAttitude to privacy, code H13ad02
Operationalization
Have you experienced lack of privacy (in housing) 
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 2002 Ever in your life: N = 447

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.11
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.10
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.90
ever in your life:       M = 3.68
95% CI for difference:   [0.13 ; 0.31]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitude to privacy
Subject code: H13ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with privacy
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitude to privacy, code H13ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the privacy you 
have - being alone when you want to be?"       
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitude to privacy
Subject code: H13ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with privacy
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitude to privacy, code H13ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the privacy you 
have - being alone when you want to be?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to household-members
Subject code: H13ad03

StudyRadcliff (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleClass Organization and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 513 - 530
Public15+ aged, general public, 17 developed nations, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =17000

Correlate
Author's labelHome life quality
Page in Source 519-521+526
Our classificationAttitudes to household-members, code H13ad03
Operationalization
Respondent' s appraisal of the quality of his or her 
'home life' ; 1-10 ascending scale.
Remarks
1990 World Values Survey (CPSR 6160) v180

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.50 p < .001
b (0,49945)controlled for

National characteristics:
-union density
-social democracy
-culture
-GDP per capita
-unemployment

Individual characteristics:
-union membership
-marital status
-gender
-education
-age
-age squared
-number of children
-income
-unemployed
-church attendance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to household-members
Subject code: H13ad03

StudyNoble (2009): study UA Kharkiv oblast 2007
TitleSubjective Well-Being: A Ukrainian Case Study.
SourceThesis, 2009, University College London, UK
Public18-85 aged, general public, 2 districts in city Kyiv, Ukraine, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold relations
Page in Source 123, 134, 136, 139, 263
Our classificationAttitudes to household-members, code H13ad03
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
"Please use this card to tell me, in general, how your 
relationship with the other people in your household 
is?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: ok
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionM=1.94; Borshegovka M=2.02 sd=0.85; Pechersk M=1.82 sd=0.94; p-value of difference= 0.19
Remarks
This code is a reversed code. In the beginning, Noble 
worked with 1=best and 5=worst. Later she reversed the 
order.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.34 p < .01
city district Borshegovka r=+.43 (01)  N=86
city district Pechersk    r=-.14 (ns)  N=50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to household-members
Subject code: H13ad03

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of contacts with household members
Page in Source 71
Our classificationAttitudes to household-members, code H13ad03
Operationalization
Question: generally troubled / sometimes one, sometimes 
the other / generally pleasant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.42 p < .01
Computed for Ss who ar living with others only.


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-aSelfrating of feeling during activities in previous day

Respondents listed activities of the previous day in a standard diary and next rated how the had felt during each of these activities on the following aspects:
A Letgargic, dull
B Enjoying myself
C Insecure, anxious
D Happy
E Frustrated, anoyed
F Relaxed
G Stressed
H Comfortable, at ease

Each rated:
0 not at all
.
.
10 very much

Computation: (B+D+F+H)/4 - (A+C+E+G)/4

Name: Day Reconstruction Method (DRM), Net Affect
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how good would you say your spirits are these days....?"
4 excellent
3 very good
2 fair
1 poor
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-AOL-md-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Now thinking about today, how would you describe your mood, has it been ..?
1 very bad
2 somewhat bad
3 good nor bad
4 somewhat good
5 very good
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-TH-g-rdf-v-3-aRating by mother in response to single question:

How often does your child feel unhappy, sad or depressed?
1 often
2 selden
3 never
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported
Rated on a 7-step pictorial faces scale, presented on a card
(pictures not shown here)
7 smiling face, very happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 frowning face, very unhappy
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question

Currently, how happy are you feeling?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"......happiness during past few weeks....."
(Full lead not reported)
4 very happy
3
2
1 not too happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

Now I am going to ask you how you FEEL, not just at the moment, but GENERALLY in your life. How happy do you generally feel? On a scale from o to 10...
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-daSelf-report on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy do you feel?
4 very happy
3 happy
2 so-so
1 not happy
0 not happy at all
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks.. Have you been a happy person?
5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form) version 2 (5-step rating scale)
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single questions:

"Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?"
I was happy
0 rarely or none of the time
1 some or a little of the time
2 occasionally or a moderate amount of time
3 most of the time

Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?
I enjoyed life...
0 rarely or none of the time
1 some or a little of the time
2 occasionally or a moderate amount of time
3 most of the time

Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale. Score reversed.
O-DT-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on two questions:

A At this present moment, how do you feel about your life as a whole?
1 terrible (very dissatisfied)
2 unhappy (dissatisfied)
3 neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 pleased (satisfied)
5 delighted (very satisfied)

B Taking all the above into consideration, on an ascending scale from 1-5, how satisfied are you with your life at present?

Question A asked at the beginning of the interview and question B at the end.

Summation: (A+B)/2
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied do you feel about your life as a whole...?"
8 delighted
7 very pleased
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed feelings
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

On a scale from 0 to 10, where would you put your current happiness?
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are currently?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Next are some questions about how you see yourself and your life. Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel that your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole...?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-oSelf report single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days- would you say you are..
5 happy
4 somewhat happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
1 unhappy
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

How happy are you right now?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all into account, right now would you say that you are:
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: do you consider yourself happy or unhappy?
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Verbal labels not reported
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you happy with your life?
2 yes
1 no
- don't know
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-fSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are with your life......?
3 very happy
2 somewhat happy
1 unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hSelfreport on single question

Generally speaking, how do you personally feel about your life?

1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 so-so
4 happy
5 very happy
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you rate your life at present?
1 bad or very bad
2 fair
3 good
4 very good
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aSelfreport on single question:

Write any number between 0 and 100 that describes your quality of life
100 perfect
95
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0 might as well be dead
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to rate themselves on an 1 - 10 rating ladder in terms of their self-perceived life satisfaction.
(Full question not reported).
[ 10 ] +
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] --

(labels of scale extremes not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question

.. life .. (text not reported)
5 very satisfied
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your way of life.......?
4 quite satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 sometimes dissatisfied
1 usually dissatisfied
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-fSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how satisfied are you with the life you are leading?
1 not satisfied at all
3 not so satisfied
3 satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question

Taking everything together, how happy are you with the way things are going in your life now?
6 completely satisfied
5 pretty much satisfied
4 slightly satisfied
3 slightly dissatisfied
2 pretty much dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"..... satisfaction with life ......"
(full lead item not reported)

Rated on a wooden miniature ladder, handed to the respondent
[ 5 ] very satisfied
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gSelf report on single question:

How satisfying do you find your life at the moment.....?
1 very dissatisfying
2 quite dissatisfying
3 not satisfying not dissatisfying
4 quite satisfying
5 very satisfying
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general? Indicate your satisfaction by giving a number between 0 and 10, where 0 means 'completely dissatisfied' and 10 'completely satisfied'. So, the more satisfied you are the higher the number.
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
5 completely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life in general?"
1 completely unsatisfied
2 very unsatisfied
3 unsatisfied
4 unsatisfied nor satisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
7 completely satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-iSelfreport on single question:

Overall, are you satisfied with your life?
5. very satisfied
4. satisfied
3. Neutral
2. dissatisfied
1. very dissatisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

".......satisfaction with life-as-a-whole......"
(Full question not reported.)
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-?-sqt-n-5-aSelfreport on single question asked twice
". satisfaction with life on the whole..'
(full lead item not reported)

1 completely dissatisfied
2
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4
5 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on two questions:

A: At this present moment, how do you feel about your life as a whole?

B: Taking all the aspects of life above into consideration, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole at present?

Each rated
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Computation:( A+B )/2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole in the present time? On this card you see the scale, where '1' means that you are not at all satisfied, and '10' very satisfied. You also can choose any number between them.
1 not at all satisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ISelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 completely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

'Taking all tings together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 not at all satisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-fSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are very unsatisfied, please tick '0'. When you are partly satisfied, tick '5', and when you are very satisfied please tick '10'.
0 very unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 partly satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bSelfreport on single question:

When you consider your life-as-a-whole, are you..........?
0 quite dissatisfied
1
2
3
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking, are you satisfied with your life or not?
4 satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: how satisfied are you with your life in general at the present time.....?
1 not satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
4 very satisfied
5 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
5 pretty satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 fairly dissatisfied
1 pretty dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-rbSelfreport on single question

To what extent are you satisfied with your life in general these days?
5 fully satisfied
4 rather satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 fully dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tSelfreport on single question:

How would you describe your satisfaction with life in general at present......?
1 bad
2 poor
3 fair
4 good
5 excellent
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied.
How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel.
We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole ....?'
4 completely satisfied
3 very satisfied
2 moderately satisfied
1 slightly satisfied
0 not satisfied at all
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rSelf report on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 satisfied
5 mostly satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
10 extermely happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy

B. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays.?
10 extremely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extermely dissatisfied

Summation: (A+B)/2
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate how much each of the following statements applies for you in the last 18 months.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
7 applies completely
6 apllies
5 apllies slightly
4 neither applies nor does not apply
3 slightly not applicable
2 not applicable
1 applies not at all

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), last years version
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bSelfreport on five questions:

A I am very content with my life
B Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not meeting my aspirations*
D I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1 strongly disagree
.
.
7 strongly agree
* reversed keyed item

Name: Contentment with life assesment Scale (CLASS)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
b-fixREGRESSION COEFICIENT in fixed effects analysis
Type: test statistic
WDH symbol: b-fix
Primary correlate level: metric
Secondary correlate level: nonmetric
Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited
Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for the secondary variables, by focusing on differences from a fixed level, such as the mean in a category. Aims to reduce the residual variance and to improve the precision of the regression coefficient.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_effects_model
Non-technical text: http://www.jblumenstock.com/files/courses/econ174/FEModels.pdf
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Beta-fREGRESSION COEFICIENT (standardized) in fixed effects analysis
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_effects_model
Non-technical text: http://www.jblumenstock.com/files/courses/econ174/FEModels.pdf
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
ChiCHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
Chi <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
Chi >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMsSTANDARDIZED DIFFERENCE of MEANS (CRITICAL RATIO)
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning: DMs is the ratio of the difference of the, either untransformed or transformed, means and its standard error.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
GsPARTIAL GAMMA. See: GAMMA
Range: [-1, +1].
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
SNRStatistic Not Reported
t.t-STATISTIC (Student's t-statistic)
Type: symmetric standard test statistic.
One parameter: n (= number of degrees of freedom (df) ; range df: [1; + infinite)
Range for t: unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is the ratio of a difference between a statistic and its expected value under the null hypothesis and its (estimated) standard error with n degrees of freedom.
The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics.
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 no rank correlation
tb = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 no rank correlation
tc = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITIONI02abCurrent living in an institution or not
H13aaHousehold-composition careerF02aaFamily career (family life-cycle)
H13aaHousehold-composition careerM01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER
H13abCurrent household-compositionH15HOUSING
H13abCurrent household-compositionM03ab09Living with spouse
H13ab01Living alone or notM02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS
H13ab01Living alone or notM01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER
H13ab01Living alone or notI02abCurrent living in an institution or not
H13ab02Living with childrenC03ab02Children in the household
H13ab03Number of persons in householdC03ab02Children in the household
H13ab03Number of persons in householdF01abFamily composition (earlier for adults, current for young)
H13ab03Number of persons in householdI02ac05Size of institution
H13ab03Number of persons in householdM03ab03aPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous)
H13ab04Non-nuclear householdM03ab03aPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous)
H13ab04Non-nuclear householdF03abCurrent family-network
H13ab04Non-nuclear householdC07aaCommunal household
H13ab05Own position in householdF01acPosition in family
H13ab06Living with parentsF01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)
H13acHousehold membersM04MARRIAGE: PARTNER
H13acHousehold membersI02acCharacteristics of institution
H13acHousehold membersF02FAMILY OF PROCREATION
H13acHousehold membersF01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)
H13ac01aDependent persons in householdC03ab02Children in the household
H13ac02Intimacy with household-membersI06INTIMACY
H13adAttitudes to household-compositionM02ag01cSatisfaction with being single
H13ad01Attitude to living aloneM02agAttitudes to marital status

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings