Findings on Happiness and HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS
Subject Code: H03

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS0
H03aaHappiness-attitude career0
H03aa01Earlier happiness-attitudes0
H03aa02Change in happiness-attitudes0
H03aa03Later happiness-attitudes0
H03abCurrent happiness-attitudes0
H03ab01Concept of happiness3
H03ab02Perceived sources of happiness40
H03ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happiness35
H03ab02bPerceived sources of every-bodies happiness3
H03ab03Perceived happiness of others3
H03ab03aPerceived level of happiness of compatriots3
H03ab03bPerceived level of happiness of specific social categories4
H03ab03cPerceived difference with own happiness14
H03acValuation of happiness3
H03ac01Moral desirability of happiness5
H03ac02Acceptance of own (un)happiness1
H03adPerceived reputation of happiness1
H03aeConcern about happiness1
H03afAcceptance of way to happiness0
H03af01Acceptance of happiness elevating drugs1
H03agDesired happiness1
H03ab03dPerceived interdependence with happiness of others1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=H03
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Concept of happiness
Subject code: H03ab01

StudyGuillen-Royo & Velazco (2012): study PE 2005
TitleHappy Villages and Unhappy Slums? Understanding Happiness Determinants in Peru.
SourceSelin, H.; Davey, G; Eds.: "Happiness Across Cultures. Views of Happiness and Quality of Life in Non-Western Cultures Across Cultures. The History of Non-Westeren Science 6.", Springer, 2012, New York, USA, 253 - 270
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2700-7_18
PublicGeneral public, Peruvian corridor region, Peru, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =251

Correlate
Author's labelView on happiness
Page in Source Table 9
Our classificationConcept of happiness, code H03ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on question on concept of happiness (text 
not reported)
A Satisfaction: "Happiness is being satisfied with what 
I have and what I am".
B Virtue: "Happiness is a sense of acting properly in 
our relations with others and with ourselves".
C Stoicism: "Happiness is accepting things as they 
are".
Remarks
Classification based on Rojas (2007), p.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=+.94 p < .05
Happiness seen as satisfaction
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=-.23 ns
Happiness seen as virtue
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=-.49 p < .1
Happiness seen as taking things as they are

B's controlled for: 
 -age
 -marital status
 -gender
 -chronic illness
 -household expenditure
 -average expenditure
 -relative in official position
 -non-urban
-Interaction with non-urban


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concept of happiness
Subject code: H03ab01

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelConcept of happiness
Page in Source 107
Our classificationConcept of happiness, code H03ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on a singe question:
Please tell me in your own words, what happiness is for 
you?
a: contentment/fulfilment/peace of mind/no 
stress/worries
b: my family/being with my family in general
c: my health/good health/being able to get about
d: money/financial security/being comfortable
e: my friends/being with my friends
f: my friends/family/people around me being 
happy/healthy
g: enjoying life/happiness in general
h: a happy marriage/relationships/being with 
husband/wife/partner
i: being happy at home/a good/secure home/house
j: work/having a good/secure job/career
k: enjoying my hobbies/pastimes 
(specified/unespecified)
l: being with my children/grandchildren
m: a good/safe community/environment/good neighbours
n: security/stability (unespecified)
o: my religious faith/belief in God
p: the world to be a better place in general/peace/no 
poverty
q: being a good person/citizen/helping others
r: having (regular) holidays
s: he weather/sunshine/rain
t: a good better government/the way the country is run
u: my pet/pets
v: success/succeding/being successful (unspecified)
w: good work/life balance
x: my car/having a nice car
y: not having to worry about the environment/global 
warming etc…
z: others
Observed distributiona: N=345; b: N=303; c: N=242; d: N=230; e: N=206; f: N=170; g: N=122; h: N=112; i: N=88; j: N=72; k: N=56; l: N=55; m: N=34; n: N=32; o: N=25; p: N=24; q: N=23; r: N=18; s: N=11; t: N=10; u: N=9; v: N=8; w: N=7; x: N=5; y: N=4; z: N=37

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
a: M=3,26  CI95=3,19-3,32
b: M=3,34  CI95=3,27-3,41
c: M=3,26  CI95=3,18-3,35
d: M=3,21  CI95=3,12-3,29
e: M=3,21  CI95=3,12-3,31
f: M=3,30  CI95=3,21-3,40
g: M=3,34  CI95=3,20-3,47
h: M=3,18  CI95=3,02-3,33
i: M=3,16  CI95=3,00-3,22
j: M=3,23  CI95=3,07-3,40
k: M=3,25  CI95=3,03-3,47
l: M=3,32  CI95=3,13-3,51
m: M=3,23  CI95=3,04-3,42
n: M=3,06  CI95=2,76-3,37
o: M=3,27  CI95=2,98-3,56
p: M=3,26  CI95=3,03-3,49
q: M=3,00  CI95=2,74-3,26
r: M=3,24  CI95=2,85-3,62
s: M=3,45  CI95=2,83-4,08
t: M=3,00  CI95=2,52-3,48
u: M=3,00  CI95=3,00-3,00
v: M=3,29  CI95=2,83-3,74
w: M=3,00  CI95=2,37-3,63
x: M=3,40  CI95=2,72-4,08
y: M=4,00  CI95=4,00-4,00
z: M=3,32  CI95=3,10-3,55
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT=
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
a: M=7,39  CI95=7,21-7,57
b: M=7,56  CI95=7,37-7,74
c: M=7,49  CI95=7,30-7,67
d: M=7,01  CI95=6,78-7,24
e: M=7,44  CI95=7,22-7,67
f: M=7,40  CI95=7,17-7,63
g: M=7,71  CI95=7,42-8,00
h: M=7,18  CI95=6,79-7,57
i: M=7,02  CI95=6,63-7,41
j: M=7,23  CI95=6,84-7,62
k: M=7,36  CI95=6,97-7,74
l: M=7,45  CI95=7,04-7,87
m: M=7,24  CI95=6,62-7,87
n: M=7,47  CI95=7,04-7,90
o: M=8,08  CI95=7,30-8,86
p: M=7,13  CI95=6,47-7,78
q: M=6,91  CI95=6,35-7,48
r: M=7,53  CI95=6,84-8,21
s: M=7,75  CI95=6,57-8,93
t: M=6,10  CI95=4,58-7,62
u: M=6,11  CI95=4,29-7,93
v: M=7,50  CI95=7,05-7,95
w: M=7,50  CI95=6,50-8,50
x: M=7,20  CI95=6,16-8,24
y: M=7,50  CI95=5,91-9,09
z: M=7,67  CI95=7,11-8,22
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concept of happiness
Subject code: H03ab01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMeaning attached to the word "happiness"
Page in Source 214
Our classificationConcept of happiness, code H03ab01
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "Will you tell me in your own 
words what the word "happiness" means to you?
0: Other meanings
1: Meaning mentioned.

a: Contented, being adjusted to one's surrounding, 
freedom from worry
b: Marriage, family, children, having a happy home life
c: Health
d: Money, having enough to get along on
e: Success in chosen work, achievement security
f: Understanding people, making other people happy, 
being unselfish
g: Getting along with people, congeniality, good 
friends
h: Having fun, enjoyment
i: Religion, obeying God's will
j: Love, affection
k: No opinion
Remarks





Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns
a: Contentment
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.19 p < . 01
b: Family life
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns
c: Health
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.26 p < . 01
d: Money
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.07 ns
e: Success
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.08 ns
f: Doing good
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.04 ns
g: Friends
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.11 ns
h: Fun
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.41 p < . 01
i: Religion
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.18 ns
j: Love
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.26 p < . 01
k: No opinion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of partnership and sexuality
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "partnership and sexuality"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,13 SD: 1,85, Non-exercisers: M: 7,20 SD: 2,81
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .07
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of health, well-being and quality of life
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "health, well-being and quality of life"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,91 SD: 1,62, Non-exercisers: M: 7,42 SD: 2,19
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.36 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.22 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Self-confidence and self-assurance
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of family and family relationships
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "family and family relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,38 SD: 1,78, Non-exercisers: M: 7,98 SD: 1,45
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.24 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Self-confidence and self-assurance
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of friends and social relationships
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "friends and social relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,03 SD: 1,42, Non-exercisers: M: 7,39 SD: 2,15
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.26 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of satisfaction of basic needs
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "satisfaction of basic needs"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,82 SD: 1,86, Non-exercisers: M: 7,29 SD: 2,01
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.25 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of personal autonomy and independence
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "personal autonomy and independence"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,52 SD: 2,04, Non-exercisers: M: 7,10 SD: 2,29
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.36 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.44 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Self-confidence and self-assurance
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,84 SD: 1,64, Non-exercisers: M: 7,28 SD: 2,08
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.23 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of personal strengths, skills and resourcs
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "personal strengths, skills and resources"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,38 SD: 1,65, Non-exercisers: M: 6,35 SD: 2,26
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.36 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-concept and self-esteem
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-concept and self-esteem"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,77 SD: 1,46, Non-exercisers: M: 7,22 SD: 2,06
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happines

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.24 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of humor sense, attitudes and positive emo
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "humor sense, attitudes and positive emotions"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,15 SD: 1,57, Non-exercisers: M: 7,92 SD: 1,78
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.23 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of way of being
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "way of being"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,82 SD: 1,50, Non-exercisers: M: 7,57 SD: 2,10
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.17 p < .10
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of genes and heredity
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "genes and heredity"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 6,45 SD: 2,41, Non-exercisers: M: 6,23 SD: 2,61
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.13 p < .22
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of goals, challenges and vital commitments
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "goals, challenges and vital commitments"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,51 SD: 1,52, Non-exercisers: M: 7,19 SD: 2,06
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.30 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of work and work relationships
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "work and work relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,47 SD: 1,97, Non-exercisers: M: 6,86 SD: 2,35
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.23 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.23 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Self-confidence and self-assurance
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of money, wealth and luxury
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "money, wealth and luxury"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 5,50 SD: 2,25, Non-exercisers: M: 4,99 SD: 2,51
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.18 p < .09
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of faith, religion, ethics or moral valu
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "faith, religion, ethics or moral values"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 6,24 SD: 2,72, Non-exercisers: M: 5,05 SD: 3,01
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .35
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of sense of pertenence to one's own commun
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "sense of pertenence and participation to one's own 
community (ideologically, politically, or culturally 
speaking)"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 6,69 SD: 1,92, Non-exercisers: M: 6,09 SD: 2,51
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.13 p < .22
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of power, status and importance of yoursel
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "power, status and importance of yourself in society"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 6,26 SD: 2,20, Non-exercisers: M: 5,81 SD: 2,42
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.21 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution to happiness of love and loving/beingloved
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "loving and being loved"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,36 SD: 1,73, Non-exercisers: M: 7,73 SD: 2,54
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.15 p < .16
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution to happiness of love and being loved
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "love and being loved"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 8,21 SD: 1,71
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=-.05 p < .47


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of family and family relationships
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "family and family relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,96 SD: 1,53
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of health, well-being and quality of life
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "health, well-being and quality of life"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,71 SD: 2,12
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.02 p < .80


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of partnership and sexuality
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "partnership and sexuality"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 8,01 SD: 1,59
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.00 p < .96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of friends and social relationships
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "friends and social relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,90 SD: 1,62
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.11 p < .13
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.17 p < .01
Beta after accounting for perceived contribution 
to general happiness of:
- personal strenghts, skills and resources
- faith, religion, ethics or moral values


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of satisfaction of basic needs
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "satisfaction of basic needs"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,39 SD: 1,99
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.03 p < .63


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of personal autonomy and independence
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "personal autonomy and independence"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,09 SD: 1,74
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.09 p < .21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,97 SD: 1,74
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of personal strengths, skills and resourcs
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "personal strengths, skills and resources"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,92 SD: 1,73
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.27 p < .01
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.27 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.24 p < .01
Beta after accounting for perceived contribution 
to general happiness of:
- friends and social relationships
- faith, religion, ethics and moral values


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-concept and self-esteem
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-concept and self-esteem"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,88 SD: 1,91
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happines

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.09 p < .22


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of humor sense, attitudes and positive emo
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "humor sense, attitudes and positive emotions"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,57 SD: 2,41
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.09 p < .21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of habits and lifestyles
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "habits and lifestyles"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,56 SD: 1,83
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.11 p < .13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of way of being
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "way of being"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,55 SD: 1,97
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.05 p < .49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of genes and heredity
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "genes and heredity"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,12 SD: 2,74
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of power, status and importance of yoursel
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "power, status and importance of yourself in society"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 5,9 SD: 2,35
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.00 p < .97


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of goals, challenges and vital commitments
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "goals, challenges and vital commitments"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 5,74 SD: 2,41
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.07 p < .31


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of work and work relationships
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "work and work relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 5,70 SD: 2,58
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.13 p < .08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of money, wealth and luxury
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "money, wealth and luxury"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 5,55 SD: 2,26
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.03 p < .67


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of faith, religion, ethics or moral values
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "faith, religion, ethics or moral values"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 4,92 SD: 2,99
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .17
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta after accounting for perceived contribution 
to general happiness of:
- personal strenghts, skills and resources
- friends and social relationships


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of sense of pertenence to one's own commun
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "sense of pertenence and participation to one's own 
community (ideologically, politically, or culturally 
speaking)"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 3,04 SD: 2,68
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.06 p < .42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of happiness
Subject code: H03ab02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMeaning attached to the word "happiness"
Page in Source 214
Our classificationPerceived sources of happiness, code H03ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "Will you tell me in your own 
words what the word "happiness" means to you?
0: Other meanings
1: Meaning mentioned.

a: Contented, being adjusted to one's surrounding, 
freedom from worry
b: Marriage, family, children, having a happy home life
c: Health
d: Money, having enough to get along on
e: Success in chosen work, achievement security
f: Understanding people, making other people happy, 
being unselfish
g: Getting along with people, congeniality, good 
friends
h: Having fun, enjoyment
i: Religion, obeying God's will
j: Love, affection
k: No opinion
Remarks





Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns
a: Contentment
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.19 p < . 01
b: Family life
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns
c: Health
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.26 p < . 01
d: Money
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.07 ns
e: Success
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.08 ns
f: Doing good
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.04 ns
g: Friends
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.11 ns
h: Fun
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.41 p < . 01
i: Religion
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.18 ns
j: Love
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.26 p < . 01
k: No opinion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelJob as a major source of satisfaction in life
Page in Source 227
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Single closed question. The respondents were asked 
whether they agreed with the following statement: 'The 
major satisfaction in my life comes from my job'. Rated 
on a 11-point scale ranging from completely disagree to 
completely agree.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.14 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyIisager (1948): study DK 1946
TitleFactors Contributing to Happiness among Danish College Students.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1948, Vol. 28, 237 - 246
PublicAdult college students, Denmark, 1946-47
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =113

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived sources ofown happiness
Page in Source 241
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
31-item inventory. Each item was scored for its 
importance for the attainment of happiness.
 
 a. Art.
 b. Beauty.
 c. Clear Conscience.
 d. Economic independece.
 e. Entertainments (dance, cinema, etc) 
 f. Excitement and thrills.
 g. Freedom (of speech and behavior)
 h. Friends.
 i. Good fellowship.
 j. Good food.
 k. Good health.
 l. Helping others.
 m. Humour.
 n. Joy of collecting.
 o. Joy of work.
 p. Knowledge.
 q. Liquor.
 r. Literature.
 s. Love.
 t. Money.
 u. Music.
 v. Nature.
 w. Politics.
 x. Popularity.
 y. Power.
 z. Prestige.
aa. Religion.
ab. Security.
ac. Sports.
ad. Thinking.
ae. Travels.
Remarks
Analysis on the basis of a comparison of the 'happy' 
subjects and those reporting 'about as often happy and 
unhappy' or 'unhappy most of the time'.
                                     
            

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 a.art
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 b.beauty
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs=+ s
 c.clear conscience
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs=- s
 d.economic independence
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 e.entertainments
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 f.excitement and thrills
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 g.freedom (of speech and behavior)
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 h.friends
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 i.good fellowship
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 j.good food
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 k.good health
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 l.helping others
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 m.humour
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 n.joy of collecting
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 o.joy of work
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 p.knowledge
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 q.liquor
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 r.literature
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 s.love
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 t.money
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 u.music
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 v.nature
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 w.politics
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 x.popularity
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 y.power
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
 z.prestige
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
aa.religion
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
ab.security
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
ac.sports
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs= ns
ad.thinking
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aDMs=- s
ae.travels


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of friends
Page in Source 437
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
How important is it for your happiness to have good 
friends?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:4%, 7:10%, 8:24%, 9:22%, 10:31%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.1             +0.9
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.8             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 8.6  M = 7.4             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of forgiveness
Page in Source 440
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How important  for your 
happiness is the ability to forgive other people?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:8%, 6:11%, 7:19%, 8:27%, 9:14%, 10:12%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.1  M = 7.2             +0.9
top 3:  M = 7.9  M = 6.9             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.6  M = 6.6             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of self forgiveness
Page in Source 441
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How important for your 
happiness is the ablilty to forgive yourself?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:9%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:26%, 9:16%, 10:18%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.2  M = 7.4             +0.8
top 3:  M = 8.1  M = 7.1             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.8  M = 6.6             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when having contact with people you respect
Page in Source 393
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have contact with 
people you respect?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:*%, 4:1%, 5:5%, 6:7%, 7:14%, 8:31%, 9:22%, 10:19%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2102

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.9  M = 7.8             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.5             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 7.1             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 493, Others: 8-0 N=1609
Top 3: 10-8 N=1069, Others: 7-0 N=1033
Top 5: 10-6 N=1660, Others: 5-0 N= 442


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when contented with oneself.
Page in Source 394
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you are contented with oneself?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:6%, 7:11%, 8:25%, 9:23%, 10:27%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2056

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.1  M = 8.0             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.1             +1.4
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 494, Others: 8-0 N=1562
Top 3: 10-8 N=1070, Others: 7-0 N= 986
Top 5: 10-6 N=1657, Others: 5-0 N= 398


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when you sense love and affection to others
Page in Source 395
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you feel love and affection for 
others?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:6%, 7:11%, 8:25%, 9:23%, 10:27%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2048

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.0             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 482, Others: 8-0 N=1565
Top 3: 10-8 N=1039, Others: 7-0 N=1009
Top 5: 10-6 N=1613, Others: 5-0 N= 435


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when you are doing good or helping people
Page in Source 396
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you do good or help people?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:6%, 7:11%, 8:25%, 9:23%, 10:27%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2088

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.8  M = 7.8             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.5             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 7.0             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 490, Others: 8-0 N=1599
Top 3: 10-8 N=1059, Others: 7-0 N=1029
Top 5: 10-6 N=1645, Others: 5-0 N= 444


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction when you are in love?
Page in Source 398
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you are in love?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:2%, 6:3%, 7:6%, 8:17%, 9:21%, 10:43%,DKNA:4%
Remarks
N=1748

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.3  M = 8.5             +0.8
top 3:  M = 9.1  M = 8.3             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 8.9  M = 8.0             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 422, Others: 8-0 N=1326
Top 3: 10-8 N= 913, Others: 7-0 N= 835
Top 5: 10-6 N=1400, Others: 5-0 N= 348


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by good friends
Page in Source 400
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
good friends?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:*%, 4:1%, 5:2%, 6:5%, 7:10%, 8:25%, 9:30%, 10:27%,DKNA:*%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.1  M = 8.3             +0.8
top 3:  M = 8.9  M = 8.1             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 8.7  M = 7.8             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by acquaintances
Page in Source 401
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
acquiantances?
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:3%, 5:10%, 6:15%, 7:21%, 8:29%, 9:11%, 10:5%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.4  M = 6.8             +0.6
top 3:  M = 7.3  M = 6.5             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 7.1  M = 6.1             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by life partner
Page in Source 402
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
your life partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:*%, 4:*%, 5:1%, 6:1%, 7:3%, 8:10%, 9:19%, 10:55%,DKNA:9%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.5  M = 9.0             +0.5
top 3:  M = 9.3  M = 8.8             +0.5 
top 5:  M = 9.2  M = 8.7             +0.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by parents
Page in Source 403
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
your parents?
Observed distributionN= 0:3%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:5%, 7:9%, 8:17%, 9:19%, 10:29%,DKNA:10%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.9             +0.6
top 3:  M = 8.4  M = 7.6             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 8.2  M = 7.2             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by children
Page in Source 404
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
your children?
Observed distributionN= 0:3%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:3%, 7:6%, 8:16%, 9:16%, 10:33%,DKNA:17%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 8.0             +0.7
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.9             +0.6 
top 5:  M = 8.4  M = 7.6             +0.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by family members
Page in Source 405
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
family members other then parents or children?
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:2%, 2:2%, 3:4%, 4:6%, 5:11%, 6:14%, 7:20%, 8:22%, 9:10%, 10:4%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.0  M = 6.3             +0.7
top 3:  M = 6.8  M = 6.0             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 6.6  M = 5.6             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by work collegues
Page in Source 406
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
work collegues?
Observed distributionN= 0:3%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:7%, 6:11%, 7:17%, 8:27%, 9:13%, 10:8%,DKNA:8%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.6  M = 6.9             +0.7
top 3:  M = 7.4  M = 6.7             +0.7 
top 5:  M = 7.3  M = 6.2             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by superior
Page in Source 407
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by a 
superior?
Observed distributionN= 0:4%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:2%, 4:4%, 5:7%, 6:9%, 7:16%, 8:24%, 9:13%, 10:10%,DKNA:8%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.4  M = 6.8             +0.6
top 3:  M = 7.3  M = 6.5             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 7.1  M = 6.0             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by person with common hobby
Page in Source 408
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by a 
person with common hobby (sport, music, etc.)?
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:8%, 6:11%, 7:20%, 8:26%, 9:14%, 10:8%,DKNA:6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.6  M = 7.0             +0.6
top 3:  M = 7.5  M = 6.7             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 7.3  M = 6.2             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by others
Page in Source 409
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
others?
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:-%, 3:*%, 4:*%, 5:1%, 6:1%, 7:2%, 8:3%, 9:3%, 10:7%,DKNA:82%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.7             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.2  M = 7.7             +0.5 
top 5:  M = 8.1  M = 7.6             +0.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respect is met with by others.
Page in Source 392
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when your respect is met 
with by others?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:6%, 7:13%, 8:27%, 9:23%, 10:24%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2064

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.0             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.7  M = 7.6             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 488, Others: 8-0 N=1576
Top 3: 10-8 N=1054, Others: 7-0 N=1010
Top 5: 10-6 N=1636, Others: 5-0 N= 428


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when you are thankful for what you have achieved
Page in Source 397
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you are thankful for what you 
have and have achieved in life?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:5%, 6:7%, 7:14%, 8:24%, 9:23%, 10:20%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2051

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 7.6             +1.4
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.2             +1.4 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 6.6             +1.7
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 495, Others: 8-0 N=1556
Top 3: 10-8 N=1060, Others: 7-0 N= 990
Top 5: 10-6 N=1637, Others: 5-0 N= 414


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelHapiness
Page in Source 298,299,300,301
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
How mucht hapiness do you feel on a scale of 0 to 10 on 
....

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
On working days:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.1  M = 5.8 hrs         +2.1 hrs
top 3:  M = 7.6  M = 5.0 hrs         +2.6 hrs
top 5:  M = 7.0  M = 3.9 hrs         +3.1 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
On Saturdays:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 7.1 hrs         +1.9 hrs
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 6.5 hrs         +2.1 hrs
top 5:  M = 8.2  M = 5.1 hrs         +3.1 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
On Sundays:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 7.2 hrs         +1.8 hrs
top 3:  M = 8.7  M = 6.5 hrs         +2.2 hrs
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 5.2 hrs         +3.1 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
On holydays:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.6  M = 8.4 hrs         +1.2 hrs
top 3:  M = 9.4  M = 7.9 hrs         +1.5 hrs
top 5:  M = 9.1  M = 6.9 hrs         +2.5 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Hapiness:
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1645
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyNaidu (1978): study IN Mumbai 1973
TitleSocial Agents in Destitute Children's Personal Happiness.
SourceThe Indian Journal of Social Work, 1978, Vol. 34, 325 -333
Public7-11 aged boys living in institution, Bombay, India, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =36

Correlate
Author's labelSocial agents
Page in Source 328
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Boys were asked how much their happiness is influenced 
by:
a: house mother
b: school teacher
c: peers at the institutional home
d: peers at school
e: government
f: visitors

Rated on visual scale with boxes ranging from small (1) 
to big (9)

This question was preceded by a rating of their own 
happiness, rated on the same visual scale
Remarks
Releveant social agents were selected in a pilot study 
in which boys mentioned the names of 'significant 
others' in their life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-a
                     7 aged  9 aged  11 aged
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+ ns
house mother          r=+.62  r=+.35  r=+.25
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
school teacher        r=+.21  r=-.06  r=+.37
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar= ns
peers at the              -        -      -
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/-
institutional home    r=-.17   r=-.06  r=+.13
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
peers at school       r=+.41   r=-.17  r=+.35
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
government            r=+.33   r=+.20  r=-.03
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
visitors              r=+.28   r=+.14  r=-.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelFactors considered important to determine happiness
Page in Source 15
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
list of factors proposed for selection. Full question 
not reported.

a: Hosehold budget
b: Employment status
c: Health status
d: Free time/leisure
e: Purpose of life
f: Family relationship
g: Relationship with friends
h: Relationships at work
i: Relationships in community
j: Others

Verbal answers coded as:
1: mentioned (by respondents)
0: not mentioned

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=
a1:  M = 5,95
a0:  M = 6,36

b1:  M = 5,7
b0:  M = 6,3

c1:  M = 6,3
c0:  M = 5,6

d1:  M = 6,3
d0:  M = 5,8

e1:  M = 6,15
e0:  M = 6,03

f1:  M = 6,5
f0:  M = 5,4

g1:  M = 6,4
g0:  M = 5,8

h1:  M = 6,4
h0:  M = 6,1

i1:  M = 6,37
i0:  M = 6,05

j1: M = 5,9
j0: M = 6,1
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelSource of own happiness
Page in Source 19
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Question: -After I read them out, please tell me which 
one is the most important to you with regard to your 
own happiness and well-being?
a: a nice place to live
b: work fulfilment
c: partner/spouse and family relationships
d: money and financial situation
e: religious/spiritual life
f: community and friends
g: health
h: none of these

This list was presented subsequently as:
- Most important
- Second in importance
- Third in importance
- Fourth in importance
- Fifth in importance
- Sixth in importance
- Least important
Observed distributiona=8%; b=2%; c=48%; d=7%; e=6%; f=5%; g=24%; h=1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
Mentioned as MOST important:
- Nice place to live: M=3,04   CI95=2,85-3,22 
- Work fulfillment    M=2,85   CI95=2,41-3,29
- Spouse and family   M=3,30   CI95=3,24-3,36
- Money and financial M=3,15   CI95=3,00-3,31
- Religious/spiritual M=3,20   CI95=2,98-3,42
- Community & friends M=3,13   CI95=2,95-3,32
- Health              M=3,28   CI95=3,19-3,36
- None of these       M=3,14   CI95=2,79-3,49
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= ns
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
Mentioned as SECOND important:
Nice place to live      M=3,28   CI95=3,19-3,38
Work fulfilment         M=3,29   CI95=3,13-3,45
Spouse and family       M=3,25   CI95=3,16-3,34
Money and financial     M=3,19   CI95=3,09-3,29
Religious/spiritual     M=3,25   CI95=2,98-3,52
Community & friends     M=3,27   CI95=3,12-3,32
Health                  M=3,22   CI95=3,12-3,32
None of these           M=3,35   CI95=3,12-3,58
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= ns
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
Mentioned as THIRD important:
Nice place to live     M=3,19  CI95=3,09-3,29
Work fulfilment        M=3,23  CI95=3,11-3,36
Spouse and family      M=3,28  CI95=3,15-3,41
Money and financial    M=3,28  CI95=3,18-3,37  
Religious/spiritual    M=3,13  CI95=2,94-3,32
Community and friends  M=3,24  CI95=3,13-3,35
Health                 M=3,26  CI95=3,14-3,38
None of these          M=3,32    CI95=3,15-3,49
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= ns
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
Mentioned as FOURTH important:
Nice place to live      M=3,27  CI95=3,17-3,36
Work fulfilment         M=3,17  CI95=3,07-3,27 
Spouse and family       M=3,07  CI95=2,87-3,27
Money and financial     M=3,28  CI95=3,18-3,38
Religious/spiritual     M=3,08  CI95=2,85-3,31
Community and friends   M=3,27  CI95=3,16-3,38
Health                  M=3,31  CI95=3,19-3,43
None of these           M=3,27  CI95=3,12-3,42
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= ns
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
Mentioned the FIFTH important:
Nice place to live      M=3,33  CI95=3,22-3,44
Work fulfilment         M=3,29  CI95=3,19-3,40
Spouse and family       M=3,11  CI95=2,87-3,36
Money and financial     M=3,28  CI95=3,18-3,38
Religious/spiritual     M=3,18  CI95=3,02-3,33
Community and friends   M=3,18  CI95=3,09-3,28
Health                  M=3,25  CI95=3,12-3,39
None of these           M=3,28  CI95=3,16-3,41
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= ns
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
Mentioned as SIXTH important:
Nice place to live       M=3,24  CI95=3,13-3,35
Work fulfilment          M=3,31  CI95=3,21-3,41
Spouse and family        M=3,14  CI95=2,92-3,36
Money and financial      M=3,24  CI95=3,08-3,40
Religious/spiritual      M=3,26  CI95=3,14-3,38
Community and friends    M=3,28  CI95=3,18-3,38
Health                   M=3,13  CI95=3,01-3,26
None of these            M=3,23  CI95=3,12-3,34
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= ns
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=
Mentioned as the LEAST important:
Nice place to live       M=3,12  CI95=2,90-3,33
Work fulfilment          M=3,26  CI95=3,15-3,37
Spouse and family        M=2,54  CI95=1,95-3,12
Money and financial      M=3,16  CI95=2,95-3,36
Religious/spiritual      M=3,30  CI95=3,24-3,36
Community and friends    M=3,27  CI95=3,09-3,44
Health                   M=3,15  CI95=2,81-3,49
None of these            M=3,20  CI95=3,10-3,31
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
Mentioned as the MOST important:
Nice place to live       M=7,28  CI95=6,89-7,66
Work fulfilment          M=6,32  CI95=5,39-7,24
Spouse and family        M=7,40  CI95=7,24-7,55
Money and financial      M=6,66  CI95=6,17-7,16
Religious/spiritual      M=7,73  CI95=7,23-8,22
Community and friends    M=7,40  CI95=6,95-7,86
Health                   M=7,46  CI95=7,24-7,68
None of these            M=8,00  CI95=6,48-9,52
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
Mentioned as SECOND important:
Nice place to live       M=7,48  CI95=7,22-7,74
Work fulfilment          M=7,53  CI95=7,12-7,95
Spouse and family        M=7,34  CI95=7,12-7,55
Money and financial      M=7,04  CI95=6,77-7,31
Religious/spiritual      M=7,57  CI95=6,93-8,21
Community and friends    M=7,71  CI95=7,39-8,03
Health                   M=7,17  CI95=6,90-7,44
None of these            M=7,39  CI95=6,60-8,17
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= p < . 05
g,c,h,a,b,e,f > d (money and financial)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
Mentioned as THIRD important:
Nice place to live       M=7,22  CI95=6,97-7,48
Work fulfilment          M=7,21  CI95=6,90-7,52
Spouse and family        M=7,30  CI95=6,88-7,72
Money and financial      M=7,48  CI95=7,25-7,71
Religious/spiritual      M=7,20  CI95=6,67-7,74
Community and friends    M=7,34  CI95=7,07-7,60
Health                   M=7,41  CI95=7,08-7,73
None of these            M=7,50  CI95=7,03-7,97
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
Mentioned as FOURTH important:
Nice place to live       M=7,41  CI95=7,17-7,65
Work fulfilment          M=7,18  CI95=6,90-7,47
Spouse and family        M=7,28  CI95=6,78-7,77
Money and financial      M=7,63  CI95=7,40-7,86
Religious/spiritual      M=6,88  CI95=6,18-7,57
Community and friends    M=7,18  CI95=6,91-7,45
Health                   M=7,35  CI95=7,03-7,67
None of these            M=7,37  CI95=6,96-7,77
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
Mentioned as FIFTH important:
Nice place to live       M=7,30  CI95=7,01-7,59
Work fulfilment          M=7,25  CI95=6,96-7,53
Spouse and family        M=7,44  CI95=6,97-7,90
Money and financial      M=7,40  CI95=7,12-7,68
Religious/spiritual      M=7,53  CI95=7,13-7,92
Community and friends    M=7,21  CI95=6,93-7,50
Health                   M=7,48  CI95=7,22-7,74
None of these            M=7,28  CI95=6,95-7,62
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
Mentioned as SIXTH important:
Nice place to live       M=7,23  CI95=6,87-7,59
Work fulfilment          M=7,39  CI95=7,12-7,66
Spouse and family        M=7,64  CI95=7,16-8,13
Money and financial      M=7,51  CI95=7,15-7,86
Religious/spiritual      M=7,38  CI95=7,07-7,70
Community and friends    M=7,44  CI95=7,21-7,66
Health                   M=7,02  CI95=6,67-7,37
None of these            M=7,19  CI95=6,90-7,47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=
Mentioned as the LEAST important:
Nice place to live       M=7,05  CI95=6,45-7,64
Work fulfilment          M=7,57  CI95=7,32-7,83
Spouse and family        M=5,43  CI95=3,51-7,35
Money and financial      M=7,47  CI95=7,00-7,93
Religious/spiritual      M=7,37  CI95=7,22-7,52
Community and friends    M=7,17  CI95=6,73-7,61
Health                   M=6,74  CI95=5,82-7,66
None of these            M=7,21  CI95=6,93-7,49
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyFaver (1982): study US 1977
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Life-Cycle: The Effects of Values and Roles on Women's Well-Being.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1982, Vol. 66, 435 - 452
Public22-64 aged women, USA, 1977
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1120

Correlate
Author's labelCareer Value Orientation
Page in Source 441,443,445,447
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a  For me, it is (would be) more important to help my 
husband in his career than to have a career of my 
own.(reverse scored)
b Seriously pursuing a career involves costs in other 
areas of my life that I am not willing to 
accept.(reverse scored)
c I can't picture having a fully satisfying a fully 
satisfying life without a career on my own.
Rated on a 5 point scale: 1 = disagree, 2 = mostly 
disagree, 4 = mostly agree, 5 = agree

From these scales a dichotomous variable was created 
measuring:
0 = Low career values
1 = High career values
Observed distributionN= 0:702, 1:406

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
All
- High career values  M = 4,15 SD = 0,07
- Low  career values  M = 4,05 SD = 0,24
  Difference             +0,10
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Singles only
- High career values M = 4,05 N = 219
- Low  career values M = 3,43 N =  53
  Difference            +0,62
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married only
- High career values M = 4,20 N=483
- Low career values  M = 4,14 N=353
  Difference            +0,06
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34, high career values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,94 N = 83
b) Married childless women M = 4,39 N = 59
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,83 N = 77 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,29 N = 42
e) Single mothers          M = 4,11 N = 27
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=3,03 p < .02
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34 low career values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,40 N = 5
b) Married childless women M = 4,33 N = 6 
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,98 N = 53 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,11 N = 9 
e) Single mothers          M = 3 83 N = 6
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=,69 p < .03
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Not employed only
- High career values M = 3,67 SD =  ,05 N = 125
- Low  career values M = 3,95 SD = 0,12 N = 138
  Difference           =-0,28
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,11 SD = 0,06 N = 178
- Low Career values  M = 4,06 SD = 0,42 N = 117
  Difference         M =+0,05
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,34 SD = 0,21 N = 380
- Low Career values  M = 4,13 SD = 0,27 N = 104
  Difference         M =+0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, not employed workers only
- High career values M = 3,77 N =  30
- Low career values  M = 3,55 N =  11
  Difference            +0,22
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
married, not employed workers only
- High career values M = 3,65 N =  95
- Low career values  M = 3,98 N = 127
  Difference            -0,33
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,24 N =  34
- Low career values  M = 2,93 N =  14
  Difference            +1,31
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
married, parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,08 N =  144
- Low career values  M = 4,21 N =  103
  Difference            -0,13
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,08 N =  148
- Low career values  M = 3,67 N =   27
  Difference            +0,41
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married, fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,50 N =  232
- Low career values  M = 4,29 N =   77
  Difference            +0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, single childless women only
- High career values  M = 3,94 N = 83
- Low  career values  M = 3,40 N =  5   
  Difference             +0,54
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, among married childless women
- High career values  M = 4,39 N = 59
- Low  career values  M = 4,33 N =  6   
  Difference             +0,06
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, married mothers of preschool 
children only
- High career values  M = 3,83 N = 77
- Low  career values  M = 3,98 N = 53   
  Difference             -0,15
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, married mothers with 
elementary school children only
- High career values  M = 4,29 N = 42
- Low  career values  M = 4,11 N =  9   
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, single mothers only
- High career values  M = 4,11 N = 27
- Low  career values  M = 3,83 N =  6   
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, singles only
- High career values  M = 4,11 N = 27
- Low  career values  M = 3,83 N =  6
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, married only
- High career values  M = 4,34 N = 184
- Low  career values  M = 4,09 N =  88
  Difference             +0,25
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, not employed only
- High career values  M = 3,41 N = 22
- Low  career values  M = 4,06 N = 48
  Difference             -0,65
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, parttime only
- High career values  M = 4,25 N = 28
- Low  career values  M = 4,32 N = 47
  Difference             -0,07
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, fulltime only
- High career values  M = 4,54 N = 85
- Low  career values  M = 4,33 N = 39
  Difference             +0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 45-64
- High career values  M = 4,25 N = 180
- Low  career values  M = 4,06 N = 173
  Difference             +0,19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyVeroff et al. (1981): study US 1976
TitleThe Inner American: A Self-Portrait from 1957 to 1976.
SourceBasic Books, 1981, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1976
Sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =2264

Correlate
Author's labelSources of happiness
Page in Source 54
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What are some of 
the things you feel pretty happy about these days?".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar= ns
Sources mentioned:          1957       1976

- Economic and material     +.04       +.06
- Children                  +.05       +.02
- Marriage                  +.21       +.16
- Other interpersonal       +.10       +.03
- Job                       +.02       +.03
- Own health                -.07       -.07
- Family's health           +.02       +.01
- Independence              +.02       +.04
- Personal char.            +.01       +.04
- Community, national
  and world problems         -          -


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyVeroff et al. (1981): study US 1976
TitleThe Inner American: A Self-Portrait from 1957 to 1976.
SourceBasic Books, 1981, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1976
Sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =2264

Correlate
Author's labelSources of unhappiness
Page in Source 54
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What are some of 
the things you're not too happy about these days?".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar= ns
Sources mentioned:          1957       1976

- Economic and material     -.05       -.07
- Children                  -.10       -.05
- Marriage                  -.10       -.10
- Other interpersonal       -.10       -.09
- Job                       -.02       -.05
- Own health                -.11       -.05
- Family's health           -.07       -.03
- Independence               -          -
- Personal char.            +.03       +.05
- Community, national
  and world problems        +.03       +.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyZautra et al. (1977): study US Salt Lake County, Utah 1975
TitleThe Dimension of Life Quality in a Community.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1977, Vol. 5, 85 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00884787
Public18+ aged, general public, Salt Lake County, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelBlaming orientation
Page in Source 88-93
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Factor loading on:
-Economic difficulties
-Personal difficulties
-Government/world
Respondent score depended on whether or
not he mentioned these items as response to the 
open-ended question "What are the things you are 
unhappy about these days?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived sources ofhappiness
Page in Source 31-32
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What are some of the things you 
feel pretty happy about these days?"
Remarks
If a specific source of satisfaction is mentioned more 
often by the 'very happy' than by the 'not too happy' a 
positive relationship is assumed, if reversed a 
negative one.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= +
- Family
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= +
- Marriage
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= ±0
- Economic and material factors.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= -
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived sources ofunhappiness
Page in Source 31-32
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What are some of the things 
you're not too happy about these days?"
Remarks
If a specific source of dissatisfaction is men- tioned 
more often by the 'very happy' than by the 'not too 
happy' a positive relationship is assum- ed, if 
reversed a negative one.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= -
- Children
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= -
- Marriage
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= ±0
- Economic and material factors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%= -
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of sources of happiness mentioned
Page in Source 33
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Less than 2 vs 2 or more sources men- tioned on 
open-ended direct question.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.38 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of sources of unhappiness mentioned
Page in Source 33
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Less than 2 vs 2 or more sources men- tioned on 
open-ended direct question.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.33 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of one's own happiness
Subject code: H03ab02a

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfying aspects of life
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationPerceived sources of one's own happiness, code H03ab02a
Operationalization
Responses to open ended question
0 Not mentioned
1 Mentioned

a.  Work
b.  Recognition
c.  Income
d.  Activities / hobbies
e.  Marriage
f.  Children
g.  Religion
h.  Social contacts
i.  Community service
j.  Other
Remarks
Earlier ratings (1950, 1960) by present happiness 
(1972).         
          
     
         

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 work mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960 work mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 recognition mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960 recognition mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 income mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960 income mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 activities / hobbies mentioned by 1972 
happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960 activities/ hobbies mentioned by 1972 
happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1950 marriage mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1960 marriage mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²=+ p < .00
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .03
1950 children mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960 children mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 religion mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= p < .03
1960 religion mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²=+ p < .02
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 social contacts mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= p < .02
1960 social contacts mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1950 community service mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²=+ p < .00
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= p < .03
1960 community service mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 other  mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960 other mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of every-bodies happiness
Subject code: H03ab02b

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelImportance to have children
Page in Source 432
Our classificationPerceived sources of every-bodies happiness, code H03ab02b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How important do you 
think it is on a scale of 0 to 10 for a human being to 
have children?
Observed distributionN= 0:6%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:5%, 6:5%, 7:7%, 8:15%, 9:15%, 10:31%,DKNA:10%
Remarks
N= 2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 7.4             +0.5
top 3:  M = 7.9  M = 7.2             +0.7 
top 5:  M = 7.8  M = 6.6             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of every-bodies happiness
Subject code: H03ab02b

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived major factor in people's happiness
Page in Source 215-216
Our classificationPerceived sources of every-bodies happiness, code H03ab02b
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What one thing would you say 
makes people happy more than anything else?"
0: Not mentioned
1: Mentioned

a. Marriage, family, children, having happy home life
b. Understanding people, making other people happy, 
being unselfisch
c. Contented, being adjusted to one's surroundings, 
freedom from worry
d. Health
e. Money, having enough to get along on
f. Getting along with people, congeniality good friends
g. Success in chosen work, achievement security
h. Religion, obeying God's will
i. Love, affection
j. Having fun, enjoyment
k. No opinion
Remarks






Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.10 ns
a: Marriage
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.20 p < . 01
b: Doing good
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.00 ns
c: Contentment
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.11 p < . 05
d: Health
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.41 p < . 01
e Money
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.11 ns
f: Friends
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.03 ns
g Success
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.25 p < . 01
h: Religion
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.10 ns
i: Love
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.24 ns
j: Fun
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.21 p < . 05
k: No opinion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sources of every-bodies happiness
Subject code: H03ab02b

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived major factor in people's Unhappiness
Page in Source 217
Our classificationPerceived sources of every-bodies happiness, code H03ab02b
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What one thing would you say 
makes people unhappy more than anything else?
0 Other factors 
1 Factors mentioned

a: Lack of money, desire for money
b: Unhappy homelife, arguments, inlaws 
c: Jealousy, suspicion, lack of understanding
d: Fear, worry, discontent
e: Selfishness, greed, bad character, or disposition
f: Sickness, poor health
g: Drinking, running around
h: Not getting along with neighbours and friends
i: Failure, lack of success, lack of security, idleness
j: Lack of religion, leaving out God, sin
k: No opinion
Remarks






Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.13 p < . 01
a: Lack of money
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.05 ns
b: Unhappy homelife
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.28 p < . 01
c: Jealousy, suspicion
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.02 ns
d: Fear
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.15 p < . 05
e: Selfishness
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.32 p < . 01
f: Sickness
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.03 ns
g: .Drinking
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.15 ns
h: Not getting along
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.15 ns
i: Failure
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.31 p < . 01
j: Lack of religion
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns
k: No opinion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived happiness of others
Subject code: H03ab03

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1987): study XZ Germany West 1982
TitleQuality of Life Indicators. Measuring Economic and Social Well-Being: The German Experience.
SourcePaper presented at Statistics Users' Conference, November 1987, London, UK
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/noelle-neumann_e_1987.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Germany, 1982
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelClimate of opinion
Page in Source 23
Our classificationPerceived happiness of others, code H03ab03
Operationalization
 
 Single question:
 "Do jou have the impression that most
 people here in the Federal Republic 
 are satisfied with their life generally
 speaking or are they not so satisfied?"
 1 satisfied with life
 0 not so satisfied
 - undecided

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.64 p < .01
O-SLu-g-sq-v-2-atc=+.34 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived happiness of others
Subject code: H03ab03

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived level of other family member's happiness
Page in Source 20, 9
Our classificationPerceived happiness of others, code H03ab03
Operationalization
Self reported on a 0-10 scale
Full question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-er=+.77 p < .01
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bbr=+.68 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived happiness of others
Subject code: H03ab03

StudyDekker & DeHart (2007): study NL 2006
TitleNiet zo Gelukkig in de Dapperstraat. (Not so Happy in the Dapperstraat).
SourceSchnabel,P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 106 - 113
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =159439

Correlate
Author's labelExpected happiness for the next generation
Page in Source 109
Our classificationPerceived happiness of others, code H03ab03
Operationalization
How happy do you think the next generation will be with 
the Netherlands?
1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 neither unhgappy nor happy
4 happy
5 very happy
- DK/NA
Observed distribution?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.30 p < .05
Individual happiness by individual expected 
happiness with the Netherlands for the next 
generation.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .05
Average happiness in zipcode area by average 
expected happiness in zipcode area with the 
Netherlands for the next generation.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .05
Average happiness in communities by average 
expected happiness in communities with the 
Netherlands for the next generation.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.51 p < .05
Average happiness in provinces by average expected 
happiness in provinces with the Netherlands for 
the next generation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived level of happiness of compatriots
Subject code: H03ab03a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived happiness of others: Circles: others
Page in Source 78
Our classificationPerceived level of happiness of compatriots, code H03ab03a
Operationalization
Single closed question: 
Which circle do you think would be choosen most often 
by people in this country?
Rated on a 9-point graphic scale ranging from an 
all-plus-circle (8) to
an all-minus-circle (0)
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.11
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.04
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.04
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.04
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.03
at the end of the interview:       r=+.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived level of happiness of compatriots
Subject code: H03ab03a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived happiness of others Circles: others
Page in Source 92
Our classificationPerceived level of happiness of compatriots, code H03ab03a
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a graphic scale: "Which 
circle do you think would be chosen most often by 
people in this country?"
Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from a 8-plus-circle 
(8) to a 8-minus-circle (0). 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.20
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.13
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
O-DT asked first : r=+.10
O-DT asked second: r=+.20
O-DT asked third : r=+.10
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.00
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.20
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.00
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.10
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived level of happiness of compatriots
Subject code: H03ab03a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived overall happiness of others
Page in Source 92
Our classificationPerceived level of happiness of compatriots, code H03ab03a
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think of the neighbor who lives 
nearest to you, who is of the same sex as you, and who 
is at least eighteen years old (If there are several 
such neighbors living equally close to your house or 
apartment, pick the one to your left as you walk into 
your place). The following questions all concern how 
you think this person feels about aspect of his or her 
own life."
Measure: how he/ she feels about life as a whole 
(terrible/ unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly 
satisfied/ pleased/ delighted)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.20
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.20
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=-.00
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.20
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10
Index of positive affects: r=+.10
Index of negative affects: r=-.10
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.20
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.20
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:  
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
O-DT asked first : r=+.20
O-DT asked second: r=+.20
O-DT asked third : r=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived level of happiness of specific social categories
Subject code: H03ab03b

StudyGundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999
TitleHappiness and Life Satisfaction in Advanced European Countries.
SourceCross-Cultural Research, 2004, Vol. 38, 359 - 386
DOIDOI: n10.1177/1069397104267483
Public18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10517

Correlate
Author's labelSocial stigma attached to being single
Page in Source 383
Our classificationPerceived level of happiness of specific social categories, code H03ab03b
Operationalization
Agreement to statement:"A marriage or long term 
relationship is necessary to be happy." 
The response categories are: agree strongly, agree, 
neither agree nor disagree, disagree and disagree 
strongly.
1 low agreement in nation
2 high agreement in nation
Remarks
Cut-off points not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=-
percentage happy in nations where: 
- agreement to statement is low = 40%
- agreement to statment is high = 33%
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aG=-.17 p < .0000
Gs controlled for
- participation in voluntary organizations
- % scoring 10 on satisfaction with life and job
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM= ns
Happiness of singles in nations with: 
- low agreement  M = 3,05  SD = 0,36
- high agreement M = 3,21  SD = 0,68
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM= ns
Happiness of marrieds in nations with: 
- low agreement  M = 3,44  SD = 0,55
- high agreement M = 3,30  SD = 0,41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived level of happiness of specific social categories
Subject code: H03ab03b

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelPercieved satisfaction of S.E.S.group one belongs to
Page in Source 21
Our classificationPerceived level of happiness of specific social categories, code H03ab03b
Operationalization
Closed question on perceived satisfac- tion of various 
S.E.S. groups on an 
11-point self-anchoring scale, based 
on Cantril(1965); and closed question
on the S.E.S.-group S belongs to

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.47


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived level of happiness of specific social categories
Subject code: H03ab03b

StudyAknin et al. (2009): study US 2004
TitleFrom Wealth to Well-being? Money Matters, but Less than people Think.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2009, Vol. 4, 523 - 527
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17439760903271421
DOIDOI: 10.1080/17439760903271421
PublicUS laypeople, United States, 200?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =744

Correlate
Author's labelpredicted happiness self - Study 2
Page in Source 525, 527
Our classificationPerceived level of happiness of specific social categories, code H03ab03b
Operationalization
Prediction of how happy respondents themselves would be 
at each of 10 income levels; scale 0-100
Observed distributionM = 52.2, SD = 23.1
Remarks
Study 2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b
Underestimation at lower levels of household 
income, accurate predictions for high income 
categories estimated


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived level of happiness of specific social categories
Subject code: H03ab03b

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelPositive attitude towards marriage
Page in Source 191
Our classificationPerceived level of happiness of specific social categories, code H03ab03b
Operationalization
Closed question: "In general, which do you think is 
happier - married people or single people?".
1 Single
2 No difference
3 Married

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.32 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelLife happiness compared to others on the same age
Page in Source 255
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Single direct question. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.27 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyIrwin et al. (1979): study NZ 1975
TitleIf you Want to Know how Happy I am ,You'll have to Ask me.
SourceNew Zealand Psychologist, 1979, Vol. 8, 10 - 12
URLhttp://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/PSYCH-Vol81-1979-2-Irwin.pdf
PublicSingles, Dunedin New Zealand, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelProjection
Page in Source 11
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Correspondence of self-rating of Ss' own happiness with 
Ss' rating of the happiness of two flatmates.
Ss' rated how they thought the flatmates WILL rate 
themselves and how they SHOULD rate if they were honest 
to themselves.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-7-ar=+.29 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyIrwin et al. (1979): study NZ 1975
TitleIf you Want to Know how Happy I am ,You'll have to Ask me.
SourceNew Zealand Psychologist, 1979, Vol. 8, 10 - 12
URLhttp://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/PSYCH-Vol81-1979-2-Irwin.pdf
PublicSingles, Dunedin New Zealand, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelPair similarity
Page in Source 11
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Correspondence in self-ratings of Ss' with the 
happiness of flatmates.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-7-ar=+.06 ns
The happy appear not more apt to seek happy 
company.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelEnjoying life
Page in Source 13
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Closed question on enjoying life compared with other 
people of the same age: less / about the same / more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cG=+.38 p < . 01
Index of Positive Affects: G' = +.15 (01)
Index of Negative Affects: G' = -.83 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelComparative happiness (relative to grandparents)
Page in Source 631
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
'Do you think that you are as happy as your 
grandparents were at your age?'
0: less happy
1: more happy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.14 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=+.16 p < .01
All
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.16 p < .01
All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active person
- No pension income
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard house
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly               
- Agrees:planning is key to success
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.17 p < .05
-65 years old    
ß controlled for:
- Satisfaction with health
- Perceived financial adequacy
- No pension income
- Community elder
- Has a confidant
- Looked forward to retirement
- Aged gradually


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyNoble (2009): study UA Kharkiv oblast 2007
TitleSubjective Well-Being: A Ukrainian Case Study.
SourceThesis, 2009, University College London, UK
Public18-85 aged, general public, 2 districts in city Kyiv, Ukraine, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelRelative Happiness
Page in Source 122, 134, 136, 139, 269
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
"How happy do you think you are compared to the average 
Kievite, on a scale of 1 - 10 where 1 is much less 
happy, 5 is the same and 10 is much happier?"

converted to a dichotomy
1: happier
0: same or less happy
Observed distributionM=0.49; Borshegovka M=0.48 sd=0.50; Pechersk M=0.5 sd=0.50; p-value of difference:0.89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.45 p < .01
city district Borshegovka r=+.51 (01)  N=80
city district Pechersk    r=+.34 (05)  N=48
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aLRCD=
Unaffected by control for
- age
- gender
- family composition


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction
Page in Source 21
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Two closed questions on whether and how
much one is closer in general satisfac- tion to the 
person one whould most one
whould least like to be.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyShin & Johnson (1978): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness as the Overall Assesment of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 475 - 492
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352944
PublicHeads of households, Illinois, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =665

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived life- enjoyment relative to others
Page in Source 483/487
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.43 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.40
Beta controlled for:
- comparisons only
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.39
Beta controlled for:
- resources
- comparisons
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.28
Beta controlled for:
- assesments
- comparisons
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.30
Beta controlled for:
- comparisons
- resources
- assesments

Comparisons:
-  perceived financial improvement in the past few 
years
- Resources:
- race
- sex
- age
- income
- education
- home ownership
- marital status
- number of children
- number of household members
Assessments: satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- leisure time
- housing
- health
- education
- community
- government


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness relative to neighbor
Page in Source 241
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Difference between:
a perceived happiness of neighbor
b own happiness
Both rated on a 7-point scale: 
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatified
4 mixed
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aDM=+
Estimate for neighbor: M=5.12  Mt'=6.90
Own rating           : M=5.42  Mt'=7.40
- difference:            +.30      +.50

No correlation reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelOverall compared to others: Circles:R-others
Page in Source 78
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Difference in response to the following questions:
a  "Which circle comes closest to 
    matching your life?"
b  "Which circle do you think would be
    chosen most often by people in this
    country?"
Rated on a 9-point graphic scale ranging from an 
all-plus-circle (8) to an all-minus-circle (0)
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.40
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.74
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.37
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.39
at the end of the interview:       r=+.35
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness compared to others Circles: R-others
Page in Source 92
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Difference in reponse to two direct questions:
a "Which circle do you think comes closest to matching 
your life?"
b "Which circle do you think would be chosen most often 
by people in this country?"
Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from a 8-plus-circle 
(8) to a 8-minus-circle (0)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.20
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.20
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.20
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
O-DT asked first : r=+.20
O-DT asked second: r=+.20
O-DT asked third : r=+.20
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.20
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.50
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling about life compared to others
Page in Source 92
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Closed question:
a "Which of the following statements
    fits how you feel? My life is worse
    than nearly everyone else's...worse
    than most others...about everage-
    better than some and worse than
    some...better than most other's
    ...better than nearly everyone
    else's?"
b  "Which of the following statements
    fits how you feel? My life is much
    worse than most other people's ...
    somewhat worse...about the same
    ...somewhat better...much better?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.37
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:  
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
Question a:
O-DT asked first : r=+.40
O-DT asked second: r=+.30
O-DT asked third : r=+.40
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.40
Question a
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.30
Question a
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20
Question a:
Index of positive affects: r=+.40
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.40
Question 1
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.40
Questin a
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.40
Question a
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20
Question b:
Index of negative affects: r=-.00
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.40
Question b
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.30
Question b
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.43
Question b:
O-DT asked first : r=+.50
O-DT asked second: r=+.40
O-DT askwd third : r=+.40
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.50
Question b
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.40
Question 2
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.40
Question b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived overall life quality compared to compatriots
Page in Source 92
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Closed question: "If all the adults in the United 
States were represented by cards - one person per card 
- and if you were sorting everyone into seven piles 
ordered from those who had the best kind of life to 
those who had the worst kind of life, some people would 
have to fall in the middle pile. We have drawn a line 
to represent the height of the pile of cards, 
representing people in the middle group. Draw lines up 
from each of the other six points to show about how 
many people you think would be in the other piles. Just 
make your best guess. Draw a circle around the letter 
under the pile in which you would put your own life."
On the bases of the responses two measures were 
derived.
a category selected as the one "in
   which you would put your own life"
b decile position, as calculated from
   respondent's perceived position
   within the distribution he gave

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.33
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:  
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
Measure a: (score)
O-DT asked first : r=+.40
O-DT asked second: r=+.30
HAP 4.1 asked third : r=+.30
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.30
Measure a: (score)
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.20
Measure a: (score)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.30
Measure a: (score)
Index of positive affects: r=-.30
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.40
Measure a: (score)
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.40
Measure a: (score)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.40
Measure a: (score)
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.30
Measure b: (decile position)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20
Measure b: (decile position)
Index of negative affects: r=+.10
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.27
Measure b: (decile position)
O-DT asked first : r=+.30
O-DT asked second: r=+.20
O-DT asked third : r=+.30
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.20
Measure b: (decile position)
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.20
Measure b: (decile position)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.30
Measure b: (decile position)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.30
Measure b: (decile position)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived difference with own happiness
Subject code: H03ab03c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived overall life quality compared to others
Page in Source 92
Our classificationPerceived difference with own happiness, code H03ab03c
Operationalization
Closed question: "Now let's compare your life...with 
the lives of six people you know well. It does not 
matter to us who these people are, but for your 
convenience write down the initials of each person in 
the boxes provided below. (Think of real people you 
meet from time to time.) Under each set of initials put 
a 'B' if you think that on the whole your life is 
better for you than that person's would be. Put an 'S' 
if yours seems about the same for you as that person's 
would be. Put a 'W' if yours seems worse for you than 
that person's would be."
Measure: average of up to six ratings, where B=3, S=2 
and W=1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.17
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:  
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
O-DT asked first : r=+.20
O-DT asked second: r=+.10
O-DT asked third : r=+.20
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.20
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.10
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10
Index of positive affects: r=+.20
Index of negative affects: r=-.00
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.20
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.20
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived interdependence with happiness of others
Subject code: H03ab03d

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelInterdependent happiness
Page in Source 20
Our classificationPerceived interdependence with happiness of others, code H03ab03d
Operationalization
Self reported on interdependence 0-10 hapiness scale. 
Full question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-er=+.69 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bbr=+.77 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Valuation of happiness
Subject code: H03ac

StudySchimmack et al. (2002a): study ZZ 1997
TitleCulture, Personality, and Subjective Well-Being: Integrating Process Models of Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 82, 582 - 593
PublicStudents in Germany; Japan; Mexico, USA and Teachers in Ghana, 1997
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 586
Our classificationValuation of happiness, code H03ac
Operationalization
Self report on how satisfied one is with his or her 
life and how close his or her life is to his or her 
ideal life.
Observed distributionM = US: 22.76, Germany: 20.48, Japan: 20.08, Mexico: 24.78, Ghana: 21.19 SD = US: 7.61, Germany: 5.95, Japan: 6.18, Mexico: 5.50, Ghana: 4.64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.61 ns
US
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.62 ns
Germany
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.45 ns
Japan
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.27 ns
Mexico
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.30 ns
Ghana
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.68 p < .05
US 
hedonic balance -> life satisfaction
Unconstrained model
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.76 p < .05
Germany
hedonic balance -> life satisfaction
Unconstrained model
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.59 p < .05
Japan
hedonic balance -> life satisfaction
Unconstrained model
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.32 p < .05
Mexico
hedonic balance -> life satisfaction
Unconstrained model
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.48 p < .05
Ghana
hedonic balance -> life satisfaction
Unconstrained model
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.71 p < .05
Constrained for individualism
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-ar=+.47 p < .05
Coonstrained for collectivism


Correlational finding on Happiness and Valuation of happiness
Subject code: H03ac

StudyVanHemert et al. (2002a): study ZZ 1974
TitleThe Beck Depression Inventory as a Measure of Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Study.
SourceJournal of Happiness Study, 2002, Vol. 3, 257 - 286
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1020601806080
PublicAdults, general public, 30 countries, 1974-1999
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =44098

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of happiness
Page in Source 65
Our classificationValuation of happiness, code H03ac
Operationalization
Self-report on questions on importance of bring:
a. Contended
b. Enthusiastic
b. Jolly
c. Moody
d. Pleasure seeking
Factorscore, explaining 50,9% of variance.
Remarks
From Williams et al(1998), participants from 20 
countries rating the importance of 300 different 
psychological traits.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---sq-vt-11-ar=+.41 p < .05
Average happiness by importance of happiness in 11 
countries.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Valuation of happiness
Subject code: H03ac

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness vs work
Page in Source 69
Our classificationValuation of happiness, code H03ac
Operationalization
Reponse to statement "Schools should put more emphasis 
on teaching students how to achieve a happy personal 
life and less on educating them for the world of work"
0: Disagree
1: Agree
Observed distributiondisagree 43 %, agree 52 %, don't know 8 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM= ns
0: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
1: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=+ ns
0: M=7,27  CI95=7,11-7,43
1: M=7,34  CI95=7,19-7,49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Moral desirability of happiness
Subject code: H03ac01

StudySuh (1994): study ZZ East-West pairs 1989
TitlePsychocultural Factors of Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, 1994, Chicago, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/suh_em_1994.pdf
PublicCollege students, Korea, China, and USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of Happiness
Page in Source 21
Our classificationMoral desirability of happiness, code H03ac01
Operationalization
Self report on two questions;
How important it is for you to be...
a happy
b satisfied with your life 

rated on 7 point scale;
1 of no importance of whatsoever, irrelevant...7 
extraordinarily important
Observed distributionMean = China: 5.87, S- Korea:6.55, USA:6.70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.16 ns
China
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.07 ns
S-Korea
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=-.02 ns
USA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Moral desirability of happiness
Subject code: H03ac01

StudySuh (1994): study ZZ East-West pairs 1989
TitlePsychocultural Factors of Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, 1994, Chicago, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/suh_em_1994.pdf
PublicCollege students, Korea, China, and USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelSocial desirability of positive emotional traits
Page in Source 21
Our classificationMoral desirability of happiness, code H03ac01
Operationalization
Ss were asked to rate how desirable or undesirable it 
is express each personality characteristics in an 
average situation;
a affectionate
b content
c friendly
d loving
e joyful
f pleased

Each trait was rated on a 7 point scale;
1 extremely undesirable ...7 extremely desirable 

The order of the judgements was counterbalanced

The social desirability of positive emotional traits 
was constructed by averaging the ratings of six 
positive emotional traits.
Observed distributionMean = China: 5.70, S-Korea: 5.87, USA: 6.03

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.41 p < .001
China
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.13 ns
S-Korea
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.08 ns
USA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Moral desirability of happiness
Subject code: H03ac01

StudySuh (1994): study ZZ East-West pairs 1989
TitlePsychocultural Factors of Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, 1994, Chicago, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/suh_em_1994.pdf
PublicCollege students, Korea, China, and USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelPositive emotion desirability
Page in Source 21
Our classificationMoral desirability of happiness, code H03ac01
Operationalization
Participants were asked to rate how desirable or 
undesirable it is to experience or express each 
positive emotions when she/he is with a stranger or a 
friend average situation;
a joy
b happiness
c friendliness
d satisfaction

rated on a 7 point scale
1 extremely undesirable and inappropriate … 7 extremely 
desirable and appropriate

The order of the judgements was counterbalanced

An overall index of positive emotion desirability was 
obtained by averaging the ratings of the four positive 
emotions
Observed distributionMean: China=5.43, S-Korea=5.15, USA=6.12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.24 ns
China
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.03 ns
S-Korea
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.15 ns
USA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Moral desirability of happiness
Subject code: H03ac01

StudyPhillips & Clancy (1971): study US Various places 1967
TitleSome Effects of "Social Desirability" in Survey Studies.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1971/72, Vol. 77, 921 - 940
Public21+ aged general public, New England and Mid-Atlantic States, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =404

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived desirability of happiness as atrait
Page in Source 927
Our classificationMoral desirability of happiness, code H03ac01
Operationalization
Rating of 'happiness' on a 9-point scale of 
desirability: low/medium/high desirability

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.28 p < . 01
Gamma's computed on the basis of proportions 'very 
happy' answers

Females: Q = +.40
Males  | Q = +.10

High need for social approval  : G' = +.33 (ns)
Medium need for social approval: G' = +.30 (05)
Low need for social approval   : G' = +.22 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Moral desirability of happiness
Subject code: H03ac01

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelValuation of happiness
Page in Source 116/117
Our classificationMoral desirability of happiness, code H03ac01
Operationalization
Scale, containing agree / disagree statements.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.48 p < . 05
The happier men were more likely to agree with 
such statements as: 'Happiness is one of the pri- 
mary goals of life' and 'Find me a truly happy man 
and I'll show you a man who is mature and 
creative'.
The less happy tended to agree with statements to 
the effect: 'Only cows are contented', 'Most 
people who say they are happy close their eyes to 
the sufferings of the world', and 'I don't want to 
be happy: I want to be utterly alive'.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Acceptance of own (un)happiness
Subject code: H03ac02

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with own satisfaction level
Page in Source 21
Our classificationAcceptance of own (un)happiness, code H03ac02
Operationalization
Difference between own level of satis- faction and 
level of satisfaction one 
thinks people like oneself are entitled
to. Both questions were rated on an 11-
point self-anchoring scale (Cantril 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.59
Both question were rated on an 11-point self-
anchoring scale. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived reputation of happiness
Subject code: H03ad

StudyWatson (1930): study US 1928
TitleHappiness Among Adult Students of Education.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1930, Vol. 21, 79 - 109
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0070539
PublicGraduate students of education (teachers), Columbia University, USA, 192?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived happy image
Page in Source 88
Our classificationPerceived reputation of happiness, code H03ad
Operationalization
Estimate of how friends would rate one's happiness: 
most miserable of all / about three-fourths of the 
population happier than you are / the average per- son 
of your own sex and age / happier on the whole than 
three-fourths of the population of similar age and sex 
/ happiest of all.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-10-ar= +
Females : r = +.35
Males   : r = +.22
O-HL-g-oq-n-11-ar= +
Females : r = +.49
Males   : r = +.26
A-BW-g-mq-v-2-ar= +
Males   : r = +.39
Females : r = +.39


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about happiness
Subject code: H03ae

StudySuh (1994): study ZZ East-West pairs 1989
TitlePsychocultural Factors of Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, 1994, Chicago, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/suh_em_1994.pdf
PublicCollege students, Korea, China, and USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelFamiliarity of subjective well-being concept
Page in Source 21
Our classificationConcern about happiness, code H03ae
Operationalization
How often you do you think of each of them; 
a How satsified you are with your life
b How happy you are

rated on a 7 point scale;
1 I have never thought about this before...7 very much, 
several time a day or more
Observed distributionMean = China:3.91, S-Korea:5.12, USA:5.00

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.29 p < .05
China
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=-.24 p < .05
S-Korea
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-ar=+.03 ns
USA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Acceptance of happiness elevating drugs
Subject code: H03af01

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of happiness' drugs
Page in Source 84
Our classificationAcceptance of happiness elevating drugs, code H03af01
Operationalization
Response to statement: "If there was a legally 
available drug that could be bought over the counter, 
that made you feel happy and did not have any side 
effects, do you think there would be occasions when you 
would take it?"
1: No, definitely not
2: No, probaly not
3: Yes, probably
4: Yes, definitely
Observed distribution1: N=527; 2: N=194; 3: N=145; 4: N=117

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=-
1: M=3,34  CI95=3,28-3,40
2: M=3,21  CI95=3,12-3,30
3: M=3,21  CI95=3,11-3,31
4: M=2,90  CI95=2,75-3,04
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= p < .05
1,2,3 > 4
  2,3 > 4
    3 > 4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=-
1: M=7,69  CI95=7,55-7,83
2: M=7,34  CI95=7,12-7,55
3: M=7,01  CI95=6,75-7,27
4: M=6,16  CI95=5,77-6,55
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abBMCT= p < .05
2,3 > 4
  1 > 2,3,4
  3 > 4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Desired happiness
Subject code: H03ag

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelDesired level of happiness
Page in Source 20
Our classificationDesired happiness, code H03ag
Operationalization
Self reported on a 0-10 scale, full question not 
reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-er=+.44 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bbr=+.41 p < .01


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSelfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling).

"On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?"
1 Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down.
2 Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low.
3 Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down.
4 Mildly unhappy. Just a little low.
5 Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral.
6 Barely happy. Just this side of neutral.
7 Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful.
8 Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good.
9 Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated.
10 Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): AC+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +4

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (adjusted version 'exited/interested' item dropped)
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how often you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much of the time when you are awake you feel that emotion. How much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A fear
B affection
C anger
D joy
E sadness
F guilt
G contentment
H pride

1 never
2 slight amount (rare)
3 some of the time
4 about half the time
5 much of the time
6 almost always
7 always

Computation: (A+C+E+F)-(B+D+G+H)

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-aSelfreport of daily mood on 24 questions

'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt in the past month'
A LOVE
Aa Affection
Ab love
Ac caring
Ab fondness
B JOY
Ba joy
Bb happiness
Bc contentment
Bd pride
C FEAR
Ca fear
Cb worry
Cc anxiety
Cd nervous
D ANGER
Da anger
Db irritation
Dc disgust
Dd rage
E SHAME
Ea shame
Eb guilt
Ec regret
Ed embarrassment
F SADNES
Fa sadness
Fb loneliness
Fc unhappiness
Fd depression

Answer options:
1 not at all
2 very slight
3 somewhat
4 moderate amount
5 much
6 very much
7 extremely much
Options presented horizontally

Computation: average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
A-BW-g-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 50 questions:

Below is a list of words and phrases. Check every term which you believe could fairly be applied to yourself in prevalent attitudes. (yes/no)

A Enthusiastic
B Morbid
C Disappointed
D Distressed
E Cheerful
F Prosperous
G Frivolous
H Troubled
I Annoyed
J Calm
K Miserable
L Thrilled
M Irritable
N Buoyant
O Joyful
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
AX

The total list contained fifty adjectives, half positive and half negative

Scoring:
yes = +1
no = -1

Summation: number of happy traits mentioned minus number of unhappy traits mentioned.

Possible range: - 50 to + 50
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. "How important was each of the following goals in life in the plans you made for yourself in early adulthood?"
- occupational success
- family life
- friendships
- richness of cultural life
- total service to society.
1 less important to me than to most people
2
3
4
5 of prime importance to me

B. "How successful have you been in the pursuit of these goals?"
1 little satisfaction in this area
2
3
4
5 had excellent fortune in this respect

Computation: General Satisfaction 5 is the quotient obtained by multiplying the planned goal (early adulthood) by the reported success in attaining that goal, adding the five of these multiplied areas and dividing them by the sum of the planned goals for each of the areas.

Pa.Sa + Pb.Sb + Pc.Sc + Pd.Sd + Pe.Se
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Pa + Pb + Pc + Pd + Pe
Pa = planned goal a (1-5)
Sa = success goal a (1-5)
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question

Using a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means 'the worst possible life' and 10 means the 'best possible life', how would you rate your life overall these days?
0 worst possible life
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 best possible life
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-cm-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Over the past month I have been feeling.........?"
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 somewhat happy
4 mixed (about equally happy and unhappy)
3 somewhat unhappy
2 very unhappy
1 extremely unhappy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question: following enumeration of lifegoals in six areas, the last of which was 'joy in living'

" How successful have you been in pursuit of that goal.....?"
(joy in living)
5 had excellent fortune in this respect
4
3
2
1 found little satisfaction in this area
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Underline the sentence which comes nearest to the truth:
"I am ..........."
1 almost always unhappy
2 more often unhappy than happy
3 about as often happy as unhappy
4 more often happy then unhappy
5 almost always happy
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8 + + + + + + + +
7 + + + + + + + -
6 + + + + + + - -
5 + + + + + - - -
4 + + + + - - - -
3 + + + - - - - -
2 + + - - - - - -
2 + - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single questions:

… presonal happiness with present state of affairs..
(full text not reported)
1 liitle happiness
2
3
4
5 moderate happiness
6
7
8
9 maximum happiness

Response options indicated with squares, ranging from small (1) to big (9)
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are currently?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-g-oq-n-11-aSelfreport on open question:

Now write in your own words a sentence of two, something which you believe will most truly describe your own general happiness in life.

The answers were rated by three judges on a scale ranging from 0 to 10.
0 low
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 high
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general, how happy or unhappy would you say you are on the whole?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all into account, right now would you say that you are:
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-HP-u-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

"Among the following description arranged in miscellaneous order, choose the one which comes nearest to fitting you. None will be likely to fit exactly."
3 Finding life rather disappointing and disillusioning, cmfortable in many ways, moderately successful, but far from realizing the hopes of youth.
9 Cheerful, gay spirits most of the time. Occasionally bothered by something but can usually laugh it off.
8 Calm, quiet sort of satisfaction. Life has been pretty good. Not everything one desires comes, of course, but on the whole there is much for which to be serenely thankful.
5 Ups and downs, now happy about things, now depressed. About balanced in the long run.
1 Life often seems so worthless that there is little to keep one going. Nothing matters very much, there has been so much of hurt that laughter would be empty mockery.
2 Keeping a brave front, others think everything is all right. Inside life seems rather black.
1 Usually sad, weep readily, smile seldom.
11 Radiant, find every day full of interest, amusing things, and worthwhile things.
3 Seriously hurt by certain things, for which the good aspects of life cannot quite make up.
5 Quite objective. Like some experiences, dislike others. Not aware of any prevalent happiness or unhappiness.
O-SLu-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

'"Would you say that you are satisfied with your life, generally speaking, or are you not so satisfied...?"
2 satisfied with life
1 not so satisfied
- undecided
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life.....?"
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bSelfreport on single question:

"How dissatisfied would you say you are with things in general today?'
Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bbSelfreport on single question;

Now, let's talk about your life as a whole. All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 completely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum---sq-vt-11-aSelfreport on single questions:

This measure of average happiness in nations combines responses to different questions on happiness and life-satisfaction rated on different scales. Precise items and rating scales differ per nation. Average scores per nation were transformed afterwards to a common 0-10 scale.

Name: Diener's SWB-score of nations
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aSelfrepiort on single question:

I think of my life as interesting and satisfying
1 disagree
2 mostly agree
3 neither agree or disagree
4 mostly agree
5 agree


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
Chi²CHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
Chi² <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
Chi² >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMsSTANDARDIZED DIFFERENCE of MEANS (CRITICAL RATIO)
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning: DMs is the ratio of the difference of the, either untransformed or transformed, means and its standard error.
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
LRCDLOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT DICHOTOMOUS
Statistic: logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: dichotomous
Theoretical range: unlimited

LRCD > 0 A higher level corresponds to the probability of a higher happiness rating.
LRCD< 0 A higher level corresponds to the probability of a lower happiness rating.
LRCD = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Magnitudes of coefficients are roughly comparable to OLS if divided by 4 (Wooldridge, Introductory Econometrics, 561-562, 2002)
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 « no rank correlation
tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESSH06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS
H03abCurrent happiness-attitudesH06acAttitudes to conditions for one's happiness
H03ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happinessP12PROBLEMS
H03ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happinessS02ab05Self-perceived happy nature
H03ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happinessW07WORRIES
H03ab03cPerceived difference with own happinessL04ae01dLife compared with situation of others
H03acValuation of happinessN03ajModal hedonism
H03ac01Moral desirability of happinessV02aa01aHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
H03ac02Acceptance of own (un)happinessP04asDefensive
H03ac02Acceptance of own (un)happinessC10COPING
H03adPerceived reputation of happinessS02ag01Self-perceived reputation
H03aeConcern about happinessC08ab02Specific concerns
H03afAcceptance of way to happinessV02aa01aHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
H03af01Acceptance of happiness elevating drugsS13acAttitudes to own use of stimulants
H03agDesired happinessH03ac01Moral desirability of happiness
H03agDesired happinessH03ac02Acceptance of own (un)happiness
H03agDesired happinessL07ab02Object of life-goals
H03agDesired happinessV02aa01aHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values)

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings