Findings on Happiness and HANDICAP

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and HANDICAP
Subject Code: H02

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
H02HANDICAP0
H02aaHandicap career0
H02aa01Earlier handicap4
H02aa02Change in handicap1
H02aa02aGetting handicapped3
H02aa02bTime since handicap2
H02aa02cRevalidation from handicap1
H02aa03Later handicap0
H02abCurrent handicap14
H02ab01bMental handicap2
H02ab01cPhysical handicap9
H02ab02Severity of handicap7
H02acAttitudes to handicap1
H02ab01Kind of handicap2
H02ab01aSpeech handicap1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and HANDICAP
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=H02
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier handicap
Subject code: H02aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelBirth defects
Page in Source 454,456
Our classificationEarlier handicap, code H02aa01
Operationalization
Birth defects as reported in medical file
a: crooked mandible, right side
b: crooked mandible, left side

c: no testes
d: hydrocele testes

e: valgus
f: hip dislocation
Assessed at day 1 and day 5
Observed distributionN day1 all:460, a:30, b:22, c:11, d:15, e:18, f:4 N day5 all:469, a:29, b:21, c:13, d:16, e:17, f:5
Remarks
only respondents with birth defects

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
day 1        day 5
a: Mt=7.90   a:7.93
b: Mt=7.65   b:7.76
c: Mt=7.84   c:7.71
d: Mt=7.86   d:7.79
e: Mt=7.71   e:7.66
f: Mt=8.29   f:7.50
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
day1
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
day 5
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
day1         day5
a: Mt=7.46   a:7.55
b: Mt=7.23   b:7.30
c: Mt=7.45   c:7.50
d: Mt=7.33   d:7.28
e: Mt=7.44   e:7.28
f: Mt=7.50   f:7.39
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
day 1
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
day 5
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
day1         day5
a: Mt=7.14   a:7.23
b: Mt=7.05   b:7.16
c: Mt=7.01   c:7.04
d: Mt=6.75   d:6.85
e: Mt=7.01   e:6.90
f: Mt=7.76   f:7.73
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= ns
day 1
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= ns
day 5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier handicap
Subject code: H02aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelCongenital deformities at birth
Page in Source 406,408
Our classificationEarlier handicap, code H02aa01
Operationalization
Congenital deformities at birth as reported in medical 
file
1:  unknown or no deformities
2:  one of the following
    2b: blood and endocrine organs
    2c: skin
    2d: fontanella anomally
    2e: respiratory apparatus
    2f: cardio-vascular system
    2g: gastro-intestinal system
    2h: uro-genital system
    2i: central nervous ssystem
    2j: skeleto-muscular apparatus
    2k: endocrine organs
    2l: other
Observed distributionN:4391, 1:84,4%, 2:15,6%, 2b:0,1%, 2c:2,6%, 2d:9,4%, 2e:0,3%, 2f:0,1%, 2g:1,1%, 2h:0,5%, 2i:0,3%, 2j:1,6%, 2k:0,0%, 2l:0,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.73
2:  Mt=7.70
    2b: Mt=9.16
    2c: Mt=7.83
    2d: Mt=7.71
    2e: Mt=8.66
    2f: Mt=8.34
    2g: Mt=7.55
    2h: Mt=7.50
    2i: Mt=7.71
    2j: Mt=7.39
    2k: Mt=6.25
    2l: Mt=7.50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.39
2:  Mt=7.43
    2b: Mt=8.34
    2c: Mt=7.13
    2d: Mt=7.51
    2e: Mt=8.34
    2f: Mt=8.34
    2g: Mt=7.01
    2h: Mt=7.29
    2i: Mt=7.71
    2j: Mt=7.35
    2k: Mt=7.50
    2l: Mt=7.68
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.01
2:  Mt=7.03
    2b: Mt=7.50
    2c: Mt=6.93
    2d: Mt=7.04
    2e: Mt=7.66
    2f: Mt=7.09
    2g: Mt=6.81
    2h: Mt=7.50
    2i: Mt=6.46
    2j: Mt=7.03
    2k: Mt=8.75
    2l: Mt=7.33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier handicap
Subject code: H02aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAbnormal health conditions shortly after birth
Page in Source 412-420
Our classificationEarlier handicap, code H02aa01
Operationalization
Abnormal health conditions shortly after birth as 
reported in medical file
1:  normal
2:  abnormal health conditions at birth:
    2b: skin
    2c: blood and endocrine organs
    2d: respiratory apparatus
    2e: cardio-vascular system
    2f: wrong heart sound
    2g: gastro-intestinal system
    2h: uro-genital system
    2i: central nervous system
    2j: skeleto-muscular apparatus
    2k: enlargement of the breast
    2l: other
Assessed at day 1, day 5 and after day 5
Observed distributionN day 1 all:3271, 1:69,5%, 2: 2b:1,7%, 2c:0,8%, 2d:5,9%, 2e:0,1%, 2f:1,5%, 2g:0,5%, 2h:20,1%, 2i:1,2%, 2j:7,3%, 2l:1,8% N day 5 all:4378, 1:65,6%, 2: 2b:2,5%, 2c:0,6%, 2d:2,1%, 2e:0,1%, 2f:0,9%, 2g:0,7%, 2h:18,1%, 2i:1,1%, 2j:6,6%, 2k:0,2% 2l:1,5% N after day 5 all:4276, 1:95,7% 2:, 2c:0,4%, 2d:1,0%, 2g:0,4%, 2h:0,4%, 2i:0,2%, 2j:0,2%, 2k:1,5%, 2l:0,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
day 1         day 5       after day 5 
1: Mt=7.70     1:7.73     1: 7.74
2: Mt=7.75     2:7.72     2: 7.61
   2b:Mt=7.68    2b:7.45      
   2c:Mt=7.83    2c:7.78     2c:7.50
   2d:Mt=7.65    2d:7.83     2d:7.50 
   2e:Mt=8.00    2e:8.75
   2f:Mt=8.06    2f:7.75
2g:Mt=8.38    2g:8.71     2g:8.16
2h:Mt=7.76    2h:7.74     2h:7.36
2i:Mt=7.94    2i:7.88     2i:8.58
2j:Mt=7.76    2j:7.65     2j:7.50
2k:Mt=-       2k:7.81     2k:7.50
2l:Mt=7.54    2l:7.54     2l:7.81
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=+,01 p < .550
day 1
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-,00 p < .883
day 5
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-,02 p < .261
day 5+
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
day 1         day 5       day 5 more
1: Mt=7.38    1: 7.40     1: 7.41
2: Mt=7.42    2: 7.43     2: 7.28  
2b:Mt=7.54    2b:7.01      
2c:Mt=7.50    2c:7.41     2c:7.98
2d:Mt=7.29    2d:7.53     2d:7.38 
2e:Mt=7.50    2e:8.75
2f:Mt=7.66    2f:7.86
2g:Mt=7.88    2g:8.31     2g:7.10
2h:Mt=7.44    2h:7.46     2h:7.09
2i:Mt=7.01    2i:6.96     2i:7.86
2j:Mt=7.41    2j:7.31     2j:7.50
2k:Mt=-       2k:7.81     2k:6.99
2l:Mt=7.60    2l:7.69     2l:7.81
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=+,01 p < .476
day 1
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=+,00 p < .771
day 5
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=-,02 p < .339
day 5+
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
day 1         day 5       day 5 more
1: Mt=7.00    1: 7.04     1: 7.03
2: Mt=7.00    2: 6.97     2: 6.97
2b:Mt=7.25    2b:6.74      
2c:Mt=7.26    2c:6.85     2c:7.50
2d:Mt=6.91    2d:6.99     2d:7.03 
2e:Mt=7.50    2e:8.13
2f:Mt=7.06    2f:7.14
2g:Mt=6.88    2g:7.43     2g:7.24
2h:Mt=6.96    2h:6.98     2h:6.66
2i:Mt=6.76    2i:6.69     2i:7.50
2j:Mt=7.06    2j:6.99     2j:7.00
2k:Mt=-       2k:7.19     2k:6.60
2l:Mt=7.10    2l:7.13     2l:8.13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=+,00 p < .930
day 1
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-,01 p < .361
day 5
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-,01 p < .703
day 5+


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier handicap
Subject code: H02aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelSigns of brain damage
Page in Source 334-342
Our classificationEarlier handicap, code H02aa01
Operationalization
Signs of brain damage as reported in medical file
1: no signs of brain damage
2: one of the following:
   a: convulsions, universal(I)
   b: convulsions, local
   c: trembling
   d: restless
   e: sleeplessness
   f: anxious
   g: distant
   h: limp
   i: phenobarbital
   j: convulsions, universal(II)
   k: trembling(II)
   l: restless(II)
   m: limp(II)
   n: phenobarbital(II)
   p: creaking(characteristic sound during respiration)
   q: attack of cyanosis
   r: change of color(harleguin)
   s: tense fontanelles
   u: opishotonus
   v: poor ability to drink
   w: brain cry
   x: frog position
   y: other
   z: unknown(V)
   aa: creaking(characteristic sound during 
respiration)(V)
   ab: attack of cyanosis(V)
   ac: change of color(V)
   ad: opisthotonus(V)
   ae: poor ability to drink(V)
   af: frog position(V)
   ag: other(V)
Observed distributionN: 1:3623; ,a:11, b:8, c:361, d:53, e:5, f:13, g:6, h:94, i:64, j:4, k:60, l:30, m:17, n:50, p:59, q:120, r:16, s:10, u:14, v:66, w:8, x:45, y:12, aa:13, ab:36, ac:10, ad:3, ae:63, af:42, ag:8
Remarks
The same symptoms were written on different pages with 
different values
To differentiate an (Roman) order number was addited on 
symptoms that were mentioned more times.
Because of this unclear situation, only absolute 
frequencies of the values were given.
Value "Unknown" was left out, because of its frequency: 
it is unclear what it means.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:   Mt=7.73
2:   Mt=7.77
2a:  Mt=7.50
2b:  Mt=6,56
2c:  Mt=7.80
2d:  Mt=8.06
2e:  Mt=8.00
2f:  Mt=7.50
2g:  Mt=8.75
2h:  Mt=7.39
2i:  Mt=7.85
2j:  Mt=7.50
2k:  Mt=8.21
2l:  Mt=7.91
2m:  Mt=7.20
2n:  Mt=7.95
2p:  Mt=8.01
2q:  Mt=7.85
2r:  Mt=7.81
2s:  Mt=6.25
2u:  Mt=7.86
2v:  Mt=7.88
2w:  Mt=7.50
2x:  Mt=7.28
2y:  Mt=7.50
2aa: Mt=8.28
2ab: Mt=7.91
2ac: Mt=7.50
2ad: Mt=6.66
2ae: Mt=7.90
2af: Mt=7.33
2ag: Mt=7.19
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aV=.02 p < .684
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:   Mt=7.39
2:   Mt=7.48
2a:  Mt=7.05
2b:  Mt=6.88
2c:  Mt=7.50
2d:  Mt=7.69
2e:  Mt=8.50
2f:  Mt=7.69
2g:  Mt=6.66
2h:  Mt=7.29
2i:  Mt=7.58
2j:  Mt=6.25
2k:  Mt=7.96
2l:  Mt=7.66
2m:  Mt=7.20
2n:  Mt=7.40
2p:  Mt=7.71
2q:  Mt=7.39
2r:  Mt=7.19
2s:  Mt=5.75
2u:  Mt=7.86
2v:  Mt=7.54
2w:  Mt=6.88
2x:  Mt=7.23
2y:  Mt=8.34
2aa: Mt=7.69
2ab: Mt=7.23
2ac: Mt=6.75
2ad: Mt=9.16
2ae: Mt=7.50
2af: Mt=7.26
2ag: Mt=8.44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eV=.06 p < .003
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.03
2:  Mt=7.02
2a: Mt=6.14
2b: Mt=6.88
2c: Mt=7.01
2d: Mt=7.21
2e: Mt=7.50
2f: Mt=6.73
2g: Mt=7.50
2h: Mt=6.86
2i: Mt=6.95
2j: Mt=5.63
2k: Mt=7.66
2l: Mt=7.34
2m: Mt=7.06
2n: Mt=7.05
2p: Mt=7.29
2q: Mt=6.85
2r: Mt=6.56
2s: Mt=6.00
2u: Mt=7.50
2v: Mt=6.98
2w: Mt=7.19
2x: Mt=6.73
2y: Mt=7.71
2aa: Mt=7.69
2ab: Mt=7.01
2ac: Mt=6.00
2ad: Mt=8.34
2ae: Mt=6.95
2af: Mt=6.79
2ag: Mt=7.81
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haV=.03 p < .247


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in handicap
Subject code: H02aa02

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelInformation searching strategies on the Internet
Page in Source 6,12,15
Our classificationChange in handicap, code H02aa02
Operationalization
Analysis of the following open-ended question: 
"To get information on the internet, do you think you 
have to plan your search carefully, or is it better to 
search by chance?"

Obtained answers:
(categories obtained from open answers)
a. to plan
b. by chance
c. both
Observed distributionN=605; N = a: 72,7%, b: 20,5%, c: 6,8%.
Remarks
Any difference was observed regarding either gender or 
age.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aF=4,56 p < .01
df = 2,599
Those who tend to plan when searching on the 
internet obtain higher levels of OLS.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Getting handicapped
Subject code: H02aa02a

StudyUppal (2006): study CA 1991
TitleImpact of the Timing, Type and Severity of Disability on the Subjective Well-Being of Individuals with Disabilities.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2006, Vol. 63, 525 - 539
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.016
PublicDisabled, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response7.1%
Respondents N =24036

Correlate
Author's labelRecency of disability
Page in Source 530
Our classificationGetting handicapped, code H02aa02a
Operationalization
0 Disabled at birth
1 Disabled later
Observed distribution0; 10,3%, 1: 87,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=-
                 % not too happy  % very happy
disabled at birth    14,0           23,2
disabled later       14,6           20,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Getting handicapped
Subject code: H02aa02a

StudyBinder & Coad (2013): study GB 1996 /1
TitleLife Satisfaction and Self-employment: A Matching Approach.
SourceSmall Business Economist, 2013, Vol. 40, 1009 - 1033
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11187-011-9413-9#page-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11187-011-9413-9
PublicWorking age people, UK, followed 10 years 1996-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =49018

Correlate
Author's labelChange in disabled
Page in Source 1022,1023
Our classificationGetting handicapped, code H02aa02a
Operationalization
1: Got disabled 
0: Not
Remarks
Lag of change not reported, probably T to T+1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eOPRC=-.19 p < .001
CURRENTLY disabled by CURRENT happiness
OPRC controled for
- employment status
- marital status
- income
- sexe
- age, age-squared
- education
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb-fix=-.17 p < .001
CURRENTLY disabled by CHANGE in happiness
b-fix controled for CURRENT 
- employment status
- marital status
- income
- sexe
- age, age-squared
- education
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.06 p < .05
BECAME disabled by CHANGE in happiness
b controled for CHANGE in
- employment
- marital status
- education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Getting handicapped
Subject code: H02aa02a

StudyBrooks & McKinlay (1983): study GB 1980
TitlePersonality and Behavioral Change after Severe Blunt Head Injury - A Relative`s View.
SourceJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 1983, Vol. 46, 336 - 340
DOIDOI:10.1136/jnnp.46.4.336
PublicSeverely head injured patients, Glasgow UK, 1980-82
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =55

Correlate
Author's labelchange happiness after injury
Page in Source 337
Our classificationGetting handicapped, code H02aa02a
Operationalization
Rating happiness by close relatives
a before injury (retropectively)
b 12 months after injury

This rating was part of an 'personality adjective 
checklist which intimate informats rated as the patient 
was BEFORE injury and NOW at the time of the interview
Remarks
Only Ss whose personality had changed after injury (N 
=33)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-rdf-n-5-aD%=- p < .01
% rated happy by close relative
Before injury   85%
After injury    50%
-difference    -35%
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Time since handicap
Subject code: H02aa02b

StudySchulz & Decker (1985): study US 1985
TitleLongterm Adjustment to Physical Disability: The Role of Social Support, Perceived Control and Self-Blame.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985, Vol. 48, 1162 - 1172
Public40+ aged, spinal-cord-injured, non-institutionalised, Portland Oregon, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response4%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelAge at injury
Page in Source 1170
Our classificationTime since handicap, code H02aa02b
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-ar=-.18 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time since handicap
Subject code: H02aa02b

StudyCameron et al. (1973): study US 1971 /1
TitleThe Life Satisfaction of Non-Normal Persons.
SourceJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1973, Vol. 41, 207 - 214
DOIDOI:10.1037/h0035158
PublicHandicapped and controls Detroit, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response2% of the handicapped excluded because matching was impos- sible (lack of data)
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelBorn with physical handicap
Page in Source 210
Our classificationTime since handicap, code H02aa02b
Operationalization
Acquired defect vs defect since birth.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-aSNR= ns
Computed for handicapped Ss only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Revalidation from handicap
Subject code: H02aa02c

StudyOstir et al. (2006): study US 2001
TitleDoes Change in Functional Performance Affect Quality of Life in Persons with Orthopaedic Impairment.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 77, 79 - 93
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-5554-z
Public40+ orthopedic patients, 3 month after discharge, USA, 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response228
Respondents N =3751

Correlate
Author's labelChange in functional independence
Page in Source 83-86
Our classificationRevalidation from handicap, code H02aa02c
Operationalization
Functional Independence Measure (FIM): 18 item self 
report measure of basic daily living skills in six 
domains:
- self-care
- sphincter control
- mobility
- locomotion
- communication
- social cognition
All 18 items are score into one of seven levels of 
function ranging from complete dependence(level 1) to 
complete independence(level 7)
Remarks
Assessed at admission(T1) and after discharge(T2) with 
average 3 month interval

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-bOR=1.08
T2 happines by T1-T2 CHANGE in functional 
independance controling for:
-age
-gender
-mental status
-race
-length of stay
CI95 (1.03-1.06)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyHeadey & Wooden (2004): study AU 2002
TitleThe Effects of Wealth and Income on Subjective Well-Being and Ill-Being.
SourceEconomic Record, 2004, Vol. 80, 24 - 33
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2004.00181.x/abstract
Public20-59 aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7934

Correlate
Author's labelDisability status
Page in Source 22
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Severe disability:
0: No diability
1: Severe disability

Moderate disability:
0: No disability
1: Moderate disability

Mild diability:
0: No disability
1: Mild disability

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=-15. p < .001
Severe disability
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=-6.1 p < .001
Moderate disability
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=-2.6 p < .001
Mild disability
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d
B's controlled for:
 - equivalised Income
 - net worth
 - gender
 - partnered
 - educational attainment
 - employment status
 - age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2002): study CA Mamawetan,Keewatin/Athab asca Parkland, Saskatchewan 2001
TitleHealthy Days, Healthy Satisfaction and Satisfacton with the Overall Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 59, 321 - 338
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1019601213926
PublicAdults, general public, Mackenzie, British Columbia, Canada, 2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =344

Correlate
Author's labelDays limited
Page in Source 323, 327
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
How many days did poor physical or mental health keep 
you from doing your usual activities, such as self 
care, work or recreation during the past 30 days?
_____days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-n-10-ar=-.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2002): study CA Prince George 2000
TitleHealthy Days, Healthy Satisfaction and Satisfacton with the Overall Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 59, 321 - 338
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1019601213926
PublicAdults, general public, City of Pirnce George, British Columbia, Canada, 2000-2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =695

Correlate
Author's labelDays limited
Page in Source 323, 325, 326
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
How many days did poor physical or mental health keep 
you from doing your usual activities, such as self 
care, work or recreation during the past 30 days?
_____days
Observed distributionApril 2000: M= 2.1 Novemvber 2000: M = 1.5 May 2001: M = 2.2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-n-7-ar=-.21 p < .01
April 2000
O-SQL-u-sq-n-7-ar=-.26 p < .01
November 2000
O-SQL-u-sq-n-7-ar=-.26 p < .01
May 2001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2002): study CA Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 1999
TitleHealthy Days, Healthy Satisfaction and Satisfacton with the Overall Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 59, 321 - 338
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1019601213926
PublicAdults, general public, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1468

Correlate
Author's labelLimited
Page in Source 324
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
How many days did poor physical or mental health keep 
you from doing your usual activities, such as self 
care, work or recreation during the past 30 days?
_____days
Observed distributionM = 2.3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-n-7-ar=-.25 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2002): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealthy Days, Healthy Satisfaction and Satisfacton with the Overall Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 59, 321 - 338
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1019601213926
PublicAdults, general public, Quesnel, British Columbia, Canada, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =642

Correlate
Author's labelDays limited
Page in Source 325
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
How many days did poor physical or mental health keep 
you from doing your usual activities, such as self 
care, work or recreation during the past 30 days?
_____days
Observed distributionM = 2.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-n-7-ar=-.26 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelDisablement
Page in Source 261
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Have you experienced disablement
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 2016 Ever in your life: N = 427

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.06
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.10
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.89
ever in your life:       M = 3.67
95% CI for difference:   [0.13 ; 0.31]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelHealth disability
Page in Source 222, 225
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Health disability?
1 yes
0 no
Remarks
T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004
Disability as assessed at T3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.60 p < .001
T3 LEVEL of happiness

Beta controlled for
-current priorities at T3 for life goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-having a partner
-years of education
-disposable household income

Beta very similar for men, women and respondents 
in prime age (25-59).
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.47 p < .001
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness (14 year lag)

Beta controlled for
-average priority at T 1,2,3 for life-goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-life satisfaction at T1 (1990)
-partner in 2004
-years of education
-disposable income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyHo et al. (1995): study HK 1992
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1557

Correlate
Author's labelPoor vision
Page in Source 253
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Self report on vision capacity. Text is not reported.
1: poor vision
0: adequate vision

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bOR=0.5 p < .05
CI95 [0.3-0.8]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyHo et al. (1995): study HK 1992
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1557

Correlate
Author's labelPoor functional ability-Barthel Index
Page in Source 253
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Self report of ability in the functional activities 
a: Feeding
 0 = unable
 5 = needs help cutting, spreading butter, etc., or 
requires modified diet
 10 = independent
b: Bathing
 0 = dependent
 5 = independent (or in shower)
c: Grooming
 0 = needs to help with personal care
 5 = independent face/hair/teeth/shaving (implements 
provided)
d: Dressing
 0 = dependent
 5 = needs help but can do about half unaided
 10 = independent (including buttons, zips, laces, 
etc.)
e: Bowels
 0 = incontinent (or needs to be given enemas)
 5 = occasional accident
 10 = continent
f: Bladder
 0 = incontinent, or catheterized and unable to manage 
alone
 5 = occasional accident
 10 = continent
g: Toilet Use
 0 = dependent
 5 = needs some help, but can do something alone
 10 = independent (on and off, dressing, wiping)
h: Transfers (bed to chair and back)
 0 = unable, no sitting balance
 5 = major help (one or two people, physical), can sit
 10 = minor help (verbal or physical)
 15 = independent
i: Mobility (on level surfaces)
 0 = immobile or < 50 yards
 5 = wheelchair independent, including corners, > 50 
yards
 10 = walks with help of one person (verbal or 
physical) > 50 yards
 15 = independent (but may use any aid; for example, 
stick) > 50 yards
j: Stairs
0: unable
5= needs help (verbal, physical, carrying aid)
10= independent
TOTAL (0-100)
Remarks
Barthel(1965)functional ability index, Chinese version

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bOR=0.3 p < .05
CI95 [0.1-0.8]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyGagliardi et al. (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2000
TitleAssociations of Personal and Mobility Resources with Subjective Well-being Among Older Adults in Italy and Germany.
SourceArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2010, Vol. 50, 42 -47
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494309000326
Public55+ aged, Germany and Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2118

Correlate
Author's labelHealth impairments affecting mobility
Page in Source 44
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution% Yes: Germany: 54% (N=1518) Italy: 46% (N=600)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=0.72 p < .0.020
Germany: CI95 [0.5-0.9]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=0.92 p < .0.717
Italy: CI95 [0.6-1.4]

The authors divided life satisfaction into two 
groups of high and low life satisfaction for 
logistic regression, with the 75th percentile 
being the cut-off point.

OR is adjusted for:
- age
- gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyNettle (2005): study GB 2000
TitleHappiness. The Science behind Your Smile.
SourceOxford University Press, 2005, Oxford, UK
Public42 aged, Great Britain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =11269

Correlate
Author's labelLong-standing illness/disability
Page in Source 83
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aDM=-
0: no       M= 7,39
1: yes      M= 6,49
Difference    -0,90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyBinder & Coad (2013): study GB 1996 /1
TitleLife Satisfaction and Self-employment: A Matching Approach.
SourceSmall Business Economist, 2013, Vol. 40, 1009 - 1033
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11187-011-9413-9#page-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11187-011-9413-9
PublicWorking age people, UK, followed 10 years 1996-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =49018

Correlate
Author's labelChange in disabled
Page in Source 1022,1023
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
1: Got disabled 
0: Not
Remarks
Lag of change not reported, probably T to T+1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eOPRC=-.19 p < .001
CURRENTLY disabled by CURRENT happiness
OPRC controled for
- employment status
- marital status
- income
- sexe
- age, age-squared
- education
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb-fix=-.17 p < .001
CURRENTLY disabled by CHANGE in happiness
b-fix controled for CURRENT 
- employment status
- marital status
- income
- sexe
- age, age-squared
- education
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.06 p < .05
BECAME disabled by CHANGE in happiness
b controled for CHANGE in
- employment
- marital status
- education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyOstir et al. (2006): study US 2001
TitleDoes Change in Functional Performance Affect Quality of Life in Persons with Orthopaedic Impairment.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 77, 79 - 93
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-5554-z
Public40+ orthopedic patients, 3 month after discharge, USA, 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response228
Respondents N =3751

Correlate
Author's labelLocomotion
Page in Source 83-86
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Locomotion subscale of 18 item Functional Independence 
Measure (FIM), 18 item
self report measure of basic daily living skills

Scored from (1) complete dependence to (7) complete 
independence
Remarks
Assessed at admission(T1) and after discharge(T2) with 
average 3 month interval

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-bOR=1.07
T2 happines by T1-T2 CHANGE in locomotion 
controled for:
-age
-gender
-mental status
-race
-length of stay
CI95 (1.03-1.11)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelSpeech
Page in Source 329
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Ratings by 2 experienced staff members on a 7-point 
scale, ranging from 'talks unintelligible' to 'talks 
well'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=- ns
Open ward  : r = -.00 (ns)
Closed ward: r = -.08 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of handicap
Subject code: H02ab01

StudySiösteen et al. (1990): study SE 1985
TitleThe Quality of Life of Three Functional Spinal Cord Injury Subgroups in a Swedish Community.
SourceParaplegia, 1990, Vol. 28, 476 -- 488
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2263404
PublicSpinal Cord Injury, Swedish, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =56

Correlate
Author's labelSeverity of disability
Page in Source 481
Our classificationKind of handicap, code H02ab01
Operationalization
1. Ambulant paraplegics
2. Wheelchair-bound paraplegics
3. C6-tetraplegics with complete lesions,
Observed distributionN = 1: 18; 2: 23; 3: 15

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-cDM=± ns
1. M = 55,1;  SD = 13,0
2. M = 44,1;  SD = 17,9 
3. M = 44,6;  SD = 21,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of handicap
Subject code: H02ab01

StudyKemp & Krause (1999): study US California 1994
TitleDepression and Life Satisfaction Among People Ageing with Post-Polio and Spinal Cord Injury.
SourceDisability and Rehabilitation, 1999, Vol. 21, 241 - 249
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/12918426_Depression_and_life_satisfaction_among_people_ageing_with_post-polio_and_spinal_cord_injury
DOIDoi: 10.1080/096382899297666
PublicPost-polio and Spinal cord injury and controls, California, USA 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelDisabled and non-disabled
Page in Source table 3
Our classificationKind of handicap, code H02ab01
Operationalization
1 Disabled
    a: Post-polio
    b: Spinal cord injury
0 Non-disabled controls (matched by age)
Observed distributionN = 1a: 121; 1b: 177; 0: 62

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1a.Post-polio          M = 3.2, SD = 0.7
1b.Spinal cord injury  M = 2.9, SD = 0.8
0. non-disabled        M = 3.6, SD = 0.5
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hDM=- p < .05
1b < 1a
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hDM=- p < .01
1a < 0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Speech handicap
Subject code: H02ab01a

StudyVanAgt et al. (2005): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life of Children with Language Delays..
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1345 - 1355
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-004-6013-z
Public3 years aged children, The Netherlands, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =8877

Correlate
Author's labelLanguage delay
Page in Source 1350
Our classificationSpeech handicap, code H02ab01a
Operationalization
Diagnosis of language delay based on jugement of: 
a: parents 
b: specialists, partly of the Regional Speech and 
Hearing Centres (SHV's), partly visited elsewhere and 
c: an expert-panel of 6 professionals in the field of 
children's language development

0: no language problem
1: language problem
Observed distributionChildren diagnosed with language problems: a: according to parents: N=252 b: according to specialists: N=131 c: according to expert-panel: N=316

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cq-rdf-v-3-bDM=-
Parent judgement:
                          M        SD
0: no language problem   97,5      10
1: language problem      96,1      12
-  Difference            -1,4
A-AOL-cq-rdf-v-3-bMW= ns
A-AOL-cq-rdf-v-3-bDM=-
Expert jugement:
                          M        SD
0: no language problem   97,4      10
1: language problem      96,6      11
-  Difference            -1,06
A-AOL-cq-rdf-v-3-bMW= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mental handicap
Subject code: H02ab01b

StudyUppal (2006): study CA 1991
TitleImpact of the Timing, Type and Severity of Disability on the Subjective Well-Being of Individuals with Disabilities.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2006, Vol. 63, 525 - 539
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.016
PublicDisabled, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response7.1%
Respondents N =24036

Correlate
Author's labelType of disablility
Page in Source 530
Our classificationMental handicap, code H02ab01b
Operationalization
Self report of disability
1: Seeing
2: Hearing
3: Speaking
4: Mobilty
5: Agility
6: Mental
7: Unknown
Observed distribution1: 14,09%; 2: 30,19%; 3: 6,71%; 4: 59,53%; 5: 54,53%; 6: 30,22%; 7: 6,70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=
             % not too happy    % very happy
Seeing           18.0             19.3 
Hearing          13.2             20.9
Speaking         23.2             22.2
Mobility         16.9             19.1
Agility          16.8             17.5
Mental           23.0             16.5
Unknow            6.3             23.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mental handicap
Subject code: H02ab01b

StudyCameron (1975): study US 1970
TitleMood as an Indicant of Happiness: Age, Sex, Social Class and Situational Differences.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1975, Vol. 30, 216 - 224
PublicCollege students, Detroit, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =187

Correlate
Author's labelThinking about something other than situation at hand
Page in Source 218/220
Our classificationMental handicap, code H02ab01b
Operationalization
Time sampling, the question asked 21 times during 10 
weeks: "How or to what degree were your thoughts tied 
to the situation at hand(class or classmates)? 
Completely, remotely or unrelated.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-cq-sqr-v-3-ar=
Completely:
Happy   mood: r=-.23  (01) 
Neutral mood: r=+.05  ns
Unhappy mood: r=-.06  ns

Remotely:
Happy   mood: r=+.17  (05) 
Neutral mood: r=-.27  (001) 
Unhappy mood: r=+.15  (05)

Unrelated:
Happy   mood: r=+.12  ns
Neutral mood: r=+.03  ns
Unhappy mood: r=-.07  ns

Happiness assessed by time sampling. Correlations 
concern frequency of report of happy, neutral or 
sad mood.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudyUppal (2006): study CA 1991
TitleImpact of the Timing, Type and Severity of Disability on the Subjective Well-Being of Individuals with Disabilities.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2006, Vol. 63, 525 - 539
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.016
PublicDisabled, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response7.1%
Respondents N =24036

Correlate
Author's labelType of disablility
Page in Source 530
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
Self report of disability
1: Seeing
2: Hearing
3: Speaking
4: Mobilty
5: Agility
6: Mental
7: Unknown
Observed distribution1: 14,09%; 2: 30,19%; 3: 6,71%; 4: 59,53%; 5: 54,53%; 6: 30,22%; 7: 6,70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=
             % not too happy    % very happy
Seeing           18.0             19.3 
Hearing          13.2             20.9
Speaking         23.2             22.2
Mobility         16.9             19.1
Agility          16.8             17.5
Mental           23.0             16.5
Unknow            6.3             23.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudyLam et al. (1998): study HK 1995
TitleTests of Scaling Assumptions and Construct Validity of the Chinese (HK) Version of the SF - 36 Health Survey.
SourceJournal of Clinical Epidemiology, 1998, Vol. 51, 1139 - 1147
DOIdoi:10.1016/S0895-4356(98)00105-X
Public14+aged patients and students, Hong Kong 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelRole physical (Limitations due to physical health problems)
Page in Source 1142-1145
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions on  work related activities 
in last month.
a. Accomplished less
b. Cut down time on work
c. Limited in kind of work
d. Difficulty performing work
RP Subscale of SF-36 Health Survey (Ware et al. 1993)
Observed distributionM=57,97 SD=39,54 (transformed score on range 1-100)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ar=+.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudyVanCampen (2007): study NL 2003
TitleBruto Nationaal Geluk: een Proef op de Som . (Gross National Happiness: a Test.)
SourceSchnabel, P.; Ed.; "Veel Geluk in 2007', SCP, 2007, the Hague, Netherlands, 19 - 23
Public18-65 aged, Netherlands, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =5355

Correlate
Author's labelPermanent physical limitations
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
Selfreported permanent physical handicap (OECD-measure)
1=no or light disability
2=moderate or serious disability
Observed distributionN= 1: 91 %: 2: 9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=
%happy (score 3,4,5)

           Handicap    No handicap   
   
Unemployed      67           84         
Employed        81           92         
Difference     +14           +8        
All             73           90  (D=-17)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudySiösteen et al. (1990): study SE 1985
TitleThe Quality of Life of Three Functional Spinal Cord Injury Subgroups in a Swedish Community.
SourceParaplegia, 1990, Vol. 28, 476 -- 488
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2263404
PublicSpinal Cord Injury, Swedish, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =56

Correlate
Author's labelSeverity of disability
Page in Source 481
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
1. Ambulant paraplegics
2. Wheelchair-bound paraplegics
3. C6-tetraplegics with complete lesions,
Observed distributionN = 1: 18; 2: 23; 3: 15

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-cDM=± ns
1. M = 55,1;  SD = 13,0
2. M = 44,1;  SD = 17,9 
3. M = 44,6;  SD = 21,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudyKemp & Krause (1999): study US California 1994
TitleDepression and Life Satisfaction Among People Ageing with Post-Polio and Spinal Cord Injury.
SourceDisability and Rehabilitation, 1999, Vol. 21, 241 - 249
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/12918426_Depression_and_life_satisfaction_among_people_ageing_with_post-polio_and_spinal_cord_injury
DOIDoi: 10.1080/096382899297666
PublicPost-polio and Spinal cord injury and controls, California, USA 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelDisabled and non-disabled
Page in Source table 3
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
1 Disabled
    a: Post-polio
    b: Spinal cord injury
0 Non-disabled controls (matched by age)
Observed distributionN = 1a: 121; 1b: 177; 0: 62

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1a.Post-polio          M = 3.2, SD = 0.7
1b.Spinal cord injury  M = 2.9, SD = 0.8
0. non-disabled        M = 3.6, SD = 0.5
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hDM=- p < .05
1b < 1a
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hDM=- p < .01
1a < 0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudySchulz & Decker (1985): study US 1985
TitleLongterm Adjustment to Physical Disability: The Role of Social Support, Perceived Control and Self-Blame.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985, Vol. 48, 1162 - 1172
Public40+ aged, spinal-cord-injured, non-institutionalised, Portland Oregon, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response4%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelDisabled
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
1 Disabled:
  40+ aged spinal cord-injured with 
  paraplegia or quadriplegia (complete
  and incomplete) in stable disease 
  state. Non-institutionalized, most 
  married. Average time since injury
  20 years.
0 Normals:
  18+ aged USA (Data BERKM 1971)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-aDM=-
Disabled: M=4.04   Mt'=5.0
Normals : M=3.77   Mt'=5.4

The distribution of happiness (affect) is similar 
in both groups.
original M on range 7unhappy- 1 happy
Ms' 0 unhappy- 10 happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudyBrickman et al. (1978): study US 1977
TitleLottery Winners and Accident Victims: Is Happiness Relative?
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987, Vol. 36, 917 - 927
PublicLottery winners, paralyzed accident victims, and controls, Illinois USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response45.5%
Respondents N =73

Correlate
Author's labelBeing an accident victim
Page in Source 921
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
Accident victims vs major lottery winners and controls. 
             
1. Accident victims: 11 paraplegic and
   18 quadraplegic accident victims,
   drawn from the fulltime patient
   population of a rehabilitation
   institute.
   N=29, non-response 15%.
2. Lottery winners: won $50000 or more
   in Illinois State Lottery.
   N=22, non-reponse 48%.
3. Controls: 22 individuals, living in
   approximately the same areas of the
   city as the lottery winners.
   N=22, non-reponse 41%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-6-cAoV=- p < .01
Accident victims: M=2.96  Mt'=5.92
Lottery winners:  M=4.00  Mt'=8.00
Controls:         M=3.82  Mt'=7.64

Both difference with lottery winners and controls 
significant.

Accident victims interviewed face-to-face; winners 
and controls by phone.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudyCameron et al. (1973): study US 1971 /1
TitleThe Life Satisfaction of Non-Normal Persons.
SourceJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1973, Vol. 41, 207 - 214
DOIDOI:10.1037/h0035158
PublicHandicapped and controls Detroit, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response2% of the handicapped excluded because matching was impos- sible (lack of data)
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelPresence of physicalhandicap
Page in Source 210
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
"normal" vs handicapped

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-aAoV= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical handicap
Subject code: H02ab01c

StudyCameron et al. (1971): study US 1969
TitleHappiness or Life Satisfaction of the Malformed.
SourceProceedings of the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, 1971, Vol. 6, 641 - 642
PublicHandicapped and controls Detroit, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =295

Correlate
Author's labelBodily defect
Page in Source 641-642
Our classificationPhysical handicap, code H02ab01c
Operationalization
'Normal' vs handicapped.
Controlgroup of normals matched for sexe, age and 
situation (outpatient or inpatient or student).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-cG=-.13 ns
Reversed among those with incomes > $ 15,000.- 
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-aG=-.17 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Severity of handicap
Subject code: H02ab02

StudyHeadey & Wooden (2004): study AU 2002
TitleThe Effects of Wealth and Income on Subjective Well-Being and Ill-Being.
SourceEconomic Record, 2004, Vol. 80, 24 - 33
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2004.00181.x/abstract
Public20-59 aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7934

Correlate
Author's labelDisability status
Page in Source 22
Our classificationSeverity of handicap, code H02ab02
Operationalization
Severe disability:
0: No diability
1: Severe disability

Moderate disability:
0: No disability
1: Moderate disability

Mild diability:
0: No disability
1: Mild disability

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=-15. p < .001
Severe disability
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=-6.1 p < .001
Moderate disability
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=-2.6 p < .001
Mild disability
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d
B's controlled for:
 - equivalised Income
 - net worth
 - gender
 - partnered
 - educational attainment
 - employment status
 - age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Severity of handicap
Subject code: H02ab02

StudyUppal (2006): study CA 1991
TitleImpact of the Timing, Type and Severity of Disability on the Subjective Well-Being of Individuals with Disabilities.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2006, Vol. 63, 525 - 539
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.016
PublicDisabled, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response7.1%
Respondents N =24036

Correlate
Author's labelSeverity of disability
Page in Source 530
Our classificationSeverity of handicap, code H02ab02
Operationalization
1 Mild
2 Moderate
3 Severe

Criteria not reported
Observed distribution1: 48,5%, 2: 33,5%, 3: 18,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=-
               % not too happy   % very happy
Mild               8.4              24.4
Moderate          17.1              19.2
Severe            23.4              12.6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Severity of handicap
Subject code: H02ab02

StudyVanSantvoort (2009): study ZZ Europe 2005
TitleDisability in Europe: Policy, Social Participation and Subjective Well-being.
SourceIpskamp, 2009, Enschede, Netherlands
Public15+ aged, general public, 9 European countries, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response30 %
Respondents N =14889

Correlate
Author's labelDisability
Page in Source 35, 113-117
Our classificationSeverity of handicap, code H02ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Are your hampered in your daily activities in any way 
by any longstanding illness, disability, infirmity or 
mental health problem? 
1 no
2 yes, to some extent
3 yes, a lot
Observed distribution1: 80,4 %, 2: 18,5%, 3: 6,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bDM=-
                 Handicapped
                 Not    some    a lot
                        extend
Belgium      M = 7.72   7.19    6.49  
Germany      M = 7.17   6.51    5.58 
Denmark      M = 8.50   8.04    7.66       
Finland      M = 8.22   7.69    7.30 
Netherlands  M = 7.81   7.46    6.74 
Slovenia     M = 7.31   6.76    5.83  
Slovakia     M = 6.23   4.87    4.44  
UK           M = 7.41   7.08    6.54

All          M = 7,37   6,82    6,14

All differences significant except between 'a lot' 
and 'to some extend' in Denmark and Slovakia.

Differece in happiness between handicapped and not 
handicapped is smallest in the countries with a 
'coherent' disability policy (Denmark, Finland, 
UK), as compared to countries with 'fragmented' 
policy (Belgium, Germany, Netherlands) and 
'transition' policy (Slovakia, Slovenia)

Difference between handicapped and not handicapped 
is smallest in Denmark, Finland and the UK.
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=-.19 p < .001
Beta handicapped (vs not)
Beta's similar in all countries
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=+.20 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- socio-demographic variables
- socio-economic variables
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=-.02 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- self assessed health
- feeling optimistic and energetic 
- feeling about household income
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=-.03 p < .01
Beta additionally controlled for:
- social participation

Beta's in all countries separatly not significant 
after controlling for socio-demographic factors, 
self-related conditions and social participation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Severity of handicap
Subject code: H02ab02

StudyHofoss (2004): study NO 1984
TitleHealthy Living Does not Reduce Life Satisfaction among Physically Handicapped Persons.
SourcePatient Education and Counseling, 2004, Vol. 52, 17 - 22
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0738-3991(02)00244-6
Public25 -50 aged physically handicapped, Norway, 1984-1986
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response11,9%
Respondents N =5572

Correlate
Author's labelHandicap
Page in Source 20
Our classificationSeverity of handicap, code H02ab02
Operationalization
0 small somatic handicap
1 medium or large somatic handicap

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-cD%=-
                     %satisfied  %not satisfied
0 small handicapp     67,42       32,58
1 medium/hard
  handicapped         58,03       41,97
  difference         - 9,39      + 9,39
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-cOR=0.67
CI95% [0.59-0.76]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Severity of handicap
Subject code: H02ab02

StudyHall et al. (1999): study US 1996
TitleFollow-Up Study of Individuals With High Tetraplegia (C1-C4) 14 to 24 Years Postinjury.
SourceArchives of Physical and Medical Rehabilitation, 1999, Vol. 80, 1507 - 1513
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10569448
PublicTetraplegia patients 14-24 years after injury, United States, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelVentilator assistance
Page in Source 1511
Our classificationSeverity of handicap, code H02ab02
Operationalization
People with tetraplegia may have a severely 
compromised, or lost ability to breathe without 
ventilator assistance. Ventilator-assisted ersons must 
have someone available to respond to possible crises 24 
hours a day.

1: Ventilator independent (VI)
2: Ventilator assisted (VA)
Observed distributionVI: N=66 VA: N=16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
VI         : M=4,00  SD=0,84    
VA         : M=3,63  SD=0,98
-difference   -1,63
O-V-u-sq-v-2-aD%=6%
VI glad to be alive: 94%  
VA glad to be alive: 88%
- difference         -6%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Severity of handicap
Subject code: H02ab02

StudyKemp & Krause (1999): study US California 1994 /2
TitleDepression and Life Satisfaction Among People Ageing with Post-Polio and Spinal Cord Injury.
SourceDisability and Rehabilitation, 1999, Vol. 21, 241 - 249
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/12918426_Depression_and_life_satisfaction_among_people_ageing_with_post-polio_and_spinal_cord_injury
DOIDoi: 10.1080/096382899297666
PublicPost-polio patients, California, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =121

Correlate
Author's labelseverity of impairment
Page in Source 245
Our classificationSeverity of handicap, code H02ab02
Operationalization
use the number of limbs affected by the polio

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hr=
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Severity of handicap
Subject code: H02ab02

StudyKemp & Krause (1999): study US California 1994 /1
TitleDepression and Life Satisfaction Among People Ageing with Post-Polio and Spinal Cord Injury.
SourceDisability and Rehabilitation, 1999, Vol. 21, 241 - 249
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/12918426_Depression_and_life_satisfaction_among_people_ageing_with_post-polio_and_spinal_cord_injury
DOIDoi: 10.1080/096382899297666
PublicSpinal cord injury patients, Southern California, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =177

Correlate
Author's labelLevel of injury
Page in Source 245
Our classificationSeverity of handicap, code H02ab02
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hr=
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to handicap
Subject code: H02ac

StudySchulz & Decker (1985): study US 1985
TitleLongterm Adjustment to Physical Disability: The Role of Social Support, Perceived Control and Self-Blame.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985, Vol. 48, 1162 - 1172
Public40+ aged, spinal-cord-injured, non-institutionalised, Portland Oregon, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response4%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived avoidability of injury
Page in Source 1170
Our classificationAttitudes to handicap, code H02ac
Operationalization
Single direct question on whether the subject felt he 
could have avoided the 
disability.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-ar=+.17 ns


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-c-rdf-n-5-aFamily rating on single question:

… personality of the patient now .. (full lead question not reported)
1 unhappy
2
3
4
5 happy

Item in longer adjective checklist
A-AOL-cq-rdf-v-3-bRating by parents on three questions:

How was your child in the last three month?..
A: In good spirits
B: Cheerful
C: Happy

Rated:
1 never
2 occasionally
3 often

Subscale in TAPQOL questionnaire
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"How would you describe your general mood....?"
3 happy
2 neutral
1 sad
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-ARE-cq-sqr-v-3-aSelfreport on single question, asked 21 times in a period of 10 weeks (experience sampling)

How would you characterize your mood or impulse of the last instant....?
3 happy
2 neutral
1 sad

Summation: average of 21 scores.
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 8 questions:

"Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?"
A Very lonely or remote from other people
B Depressed or very unhappy
C Bored
D So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
E Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
F On top of the world
G Particularly excited or interested in something
H Pleased about having accomplished something

Answer options:
0 never
1 sometimes
2 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -10 to +6 (transformed to ridits (0 - 1))

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (Berkman modified variation)
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-aRating by two independent staff members who were familiar with the patient.
7 happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 depressed
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
O-HL-c-sq-n-6-cSelfreport on single question:

"How happy are you now (not at this moment, but at this stage of life) .....?"
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5 very much

(originally rated on horizontal line scale)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-cSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life these days?

Rated on 100 mm open line scale
Anchors not reported
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"........life-satisfaction........."
(Full text not reported)
1 -
2
3
4
5 +
(Response options: not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bSelf report on single question:

.. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported)
10 very satisfied

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very dissatisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on a single question:

satisfaction overall life (full text not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 mostly satisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question :

"These days my life is .....".
4 just great
3 more than satisfactory
2 less than satisfactory
1 miserable
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Which of the statements below applies best to your current life?
5 I am very satisfied with the course of my life
4 There are problems, but I am satisfied
3 I don't know whether I should be satisfied now, I think I am
2 I don't know whether I should be satisfied, in fact I am not
1 I am disappointed in life
- Other
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gSelf report on single question:

How satisfying do you find your life at the moment.....?
1 very dissatisfying
2 quite dissatisfying
3 not satisfying not dissatisfying
4 quite satisfying
5 very satisfying
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life at the moment, would you say that you are by and large satisfied with life or are you mostly dissatisfied
7 very much satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 quite satisfied
4 so-so
3 quite dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 very much dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SQL-u-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

'All things considered, how would you rate the quality of your life on a scale from 1 to 10? If it is very bad, give it a score of 1. If it is very good, give it a score of 10. The scores in between allow you to say how close to either side you are.'
1 very bad
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very good
DK
O-SQL-u-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

On a 7-point scale from 1 indicating 'very satisfied and 7 indicating 'very dissatisfied', how would you rate your level of satisfaction with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Please rate your satisfaction with your quality of life
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
10 extermely happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy

B. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays.?
10 extremely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extermely dissatisfied

Summation: (A+B)/2
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how do you feel your life has turned out so far?
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
O-V-u-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you glad to be alive?
2 yes
1 no


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
b-fixREGRESSION COEFICIENT in fixed effects analysis
Type: test statistic
WDH symbol: b-fix
Primary correlate level: metric
Secondary correlate level: nonmetric
Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited
Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for the secondary variables, by focusing on differences from a fixed level, such as the mean in a category. Aims to reduce the residual variance and to improve the precision of the regression coefficient.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_effects_model
Non-technical text: http://www.jblumenstock.com/files/courses/econ174/FEModels.pdf
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
MWWILCOXON (MANN-WHITNEY) TWO SAMPLE TEST
Type: statistical procedure.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: ordinal
Symbol test statistic: W (Wilcoxon) or U (Mann-Whitney).
Relationship: W = U + ½n1(n1 + 1), where n1 and n2 = Ne - n1 , while n1 <= n2, are the sizes of the two samples.
Range U [ 0; n1n2 ] and W [ ½n1(n1 + 1); ½n1(n1+ 2n2 +1].

Meaning:
At the limit values of U and W there is the strongest possible association.
U = ½n1n2 <-> W = ½ n1(Ne + 1) « no association.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
SNRStatistic Not Reported
VCRAMéR's V
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
V = 0 « no association
V = 1 « strongest possible association


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
H02HANDICAPR02ab03Relative resources
H02aa02aGetting handicappedL06LIFE EVENTS
H02aa02aGetting handicappedV06ab01Victim of accident
H02aa02bTime since handicapP06aa01Earlier physical health
H02aa02cRevalidation from handicapP06aa02bRecovery from disease
H02ab01aSpeech handicapL01LANGUAGE
H02ab01bMental handicapI03adIntelligence defects
H02ab01bMental handicapM07MENTAL HEALTH
H02ab01cPhysical handicapP06acCurrent functional health
H02ab02Severity of handicapI02ab02Living in a home for handicapped
H02acAttitudes to handicapC10COPING

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings