Findings on Happiness and GENDER

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and GENDER
Subject Code: G01

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
G01GENDER2
G01aaSexe (male vs female)611
G01ab01Gender-role attitudes15
G01adGender preference1
G01aeTransgender0
G01abGender roles1
G01aa01Time trend of happiness in males and females0
G01aa02Cross national variation in gender difference in happiness0
G01afGender discrimination2
G01agGender attitudes1
G01acIntersexe0
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and GENDER
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=G01
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and GENDER
Subject code: G01

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source question 115
Our classificationGENDER, code G01
Operationalization
Respondent's gender:
1 male
2 female
Observed distributionN = 1: 41% 2: 59%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=
1: M = 2,61
2: M = 2,46


Correlational finding on Happiness and GENDER
Subject code: G01

StudyDemir et al. (2007): study US 2007
TitleLooking to HappyTomorrows with Friends: Best and Close Friendships as They Predict Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 243 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-006-9025-2
Public18+ aged, university students, USA
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =280

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 256
Our classificationGENDER, code G01
Operationalization
0 = male
1 = female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.03 ns
PA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.09 ns
NA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAsendorpf (2008): study 2000
TitleLiving Apart Together: Eine eigenständige Lebensform? (LAT: A Independent Way of Life?)
SourceWorking Paper 78, SOEP, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/78210/diw_sp0078.pdf
Public18+ aged, Germany, followed 6 years, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13541

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 19, 47
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=-
SINGLES:
Males:       Ms=5.9
Females:     Ms=6.4
 -difference:  -0.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=-
LIVING APART TOGETHER:
Males:       Ms=6.4
Females:     Ms=6.6
 -difference:  -0.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=-
COHABITING:
Males:       Ms=6.4
Females:     Ms=6.7
 -difference:  -0.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMs=+
MARRIED:
Males:       Ms=6.9
Females:     Ms=6.8
 -difference:  +0.1

Ms controlled for:
- age
- number of children
- education
- prestige of profession
- size of city of residence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 178,181
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Remarks
T1-T2 interval= 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faBeta=-.03 ns
T2 happiness by gender
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change in happiness 
after purchase of house)
- Personal characteristics:
  - Age
  - Marital status 
  - Education
  - Income
  - Occupational status
 Housing situation:
  - Owner of the house 
  - Housing type 
  - Satisfaction with neighborhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Remarks
In original: Female. Order changed by WDH team.

The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=-.14 ns
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.07 ns
B and OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B and OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyZubieta et al. (2012): study AR Buenos Aires 2007
TitleBienestar Subjetivo y psicosocial: Explorando Diferencias de Género (Subjective and Psychosocial Well-Being: Exploring Gender Differences).
SourceSalud & Sociedad, 2012, Vol. 3, 66 - 76
PublicUniversity students, Argentina, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =696

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 72-73
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN= 1 : 238 0 : 458

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-v-7-aDM=- ns
Males      M = 5,00  SD = 1,22
Females    M = 5,08  SD = 1,25
-difference   -0,08
O-SLC-u-sq-v-7-aDM=+ ns
Males      M = 4,87  SD = 1,21
Females    M = 4,77  SD = 1,31
-difference   +0,10
O-SLu-u-sq-v-7-aDM=+ ns
Males      M = 5,39  SD = 1,12
Females    M = 5,28  SD = 1,33
-difference   +0,11
M-FH-g-sq-v-11-aDM=+ ns
Males      M = 7,11  SD = 1,64
Females    M = 6,96  SD = 1,84
-difference   +0,15
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-acDM=+ ns
Males      M = 3,21  SD = 0,61
Females    M = 3,16  SD = 0,58
-difference   +0,05
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-aDM=- ns
Males      M = 7,69  SD = 1,56
Females    M = 7,87  SD = 1,55
-difference   -0,08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRodriguez DelaVega (2004): study AR Buenos Aires 2004
TitleApplication of the Well Being Index in Immigrants in Argentina.
SourcePaper ISQOLS Conference, 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/rodriguesdelavega_l_2004.pdf
Public19+ aged, immigrants, Buenos Aires, Argentina,2004
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =151

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-101-aDM=+
males     M=63.6 sd=16.9
females   M=63.4 sd=21.5
- difference 0.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AR 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Argentina, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.10     Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.11      Mt=6.1
1       M=1.44      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.28      Mt=7.0
1       M=7.22      Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 128
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionN = 0: 1022, 1: 951

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .019
0 Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,63
1 Mt = 7,63; SD = 1,76
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .025
0 Mt = 7,97; SD = 1,35
1 Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source B40
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:female
1:male
Observed distributionN = 0:1003, 1:971

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
0 Mt = 8,04; SD = 1,58
1 Mt = 7,80; SD = 1,69


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source B32+35
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionN = 0: 1011, 1: 978

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .035
All
0 Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,62
1 Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,73
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .070
18-25 years
0 Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,75; N = 91
1 Mt = 7,05; SD = 2,01; N = 107
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .054
26-35 years
0 Mt = 7,57; SD = 1,71; N = 131
1 Mt = 7,21; SD = 1,80; N = 131
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .097
36-45 years
0 Mt = 7,52; SD = 1,74; N = 188
1 Mt = 7,21; SD = 1,80; N = 188
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .374
 46-55 years
0 Mt = 7,43; SD = 1,68; N = 191
1 Mt = 7,27; SD = 1,89; N = 198
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .006
56-65 years
0 Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,59; N = 174
1 Mt = 7,29; SD = 1,96; N = 167
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .130
66-75 years
0 Mt = 8,14; SD = 1,41; N = 126
1 Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,78; N = 101
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .106
76+ years
0 Mt = 7,73; SD = 2,06; N = 94
1 Mt = 8,02; SD = 1,76; N = 76


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source B36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Remarks
Combined surveys 10&11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .009
18-25 years
0 Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,51; N = 180
1 Mt = 7,29; SD = 1,77; N = 207
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .000
26-35 years
0 Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,46; N = 280
1 Mt = 7,31; SD = 1,64; N = 263
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .037
36-45 years
0 Mt = 7,64; SD = 1.52; N = 374
1 Mt = 7,39; SD = 1,71; N = 371
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .152
46-55 years
0 Mt = 7,61; SD = 1,59; N = 384
1 Mt = 7,44; SD = 1,69; N = 376
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .013
56-65 years
0 Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,56; N = 371
1 Mt = 7,56; SD = 1,75; N = 339
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .023
66-75 years
0 Mt = 8,27; SD = 1,27; N = 237
1 Mt = 7,96; SD = 1,62; N = 209
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+ p < .640
76+ years
0 Mt = 8,07; SD = 1,69; N = 178
1 Mt = 8,16; SD = 1,70; N = 149


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey (2008b): study AU 2004
TitleThe Set-Point Theory of Well-Being: Negative Results and Consequent Revisions.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 85, 389 - 403
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-007-9134-2
Public15+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =12408

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 223, 224
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1:.males
0: females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aDM=-
Males:   M = 7,9
Females: M = 8,0
-differenc  -0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2003d): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 7, Report 7.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. The Effect of Work.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response85%
Respondents N =1993

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 100
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: female
2: male
Observed distributionN = 1: 1006, 2: 959

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .039
1: Mt = 7,90; SD = 1,62
2: Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,73


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 79
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 :Female 
2 :Male
Observed distributionN = 1: 1005 ; 2 : 973

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .072
1 Mt =7,88 ; SD =1,66
2 Mt =7,75 ; SD =1,67


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2003b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey, Report 8.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Feeling Connected to Australia.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, November 2003, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response83%
Respondents N =1980

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 98
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: female
2: male
Observed distributionN = 1: 1011, 2: 969

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .006
1 Mt = 7,90; SD = 1,64
2 Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,75
M-AC-g-sq-n-11-aDMt=- p < .000
1 Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,48
2 Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,57
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .000
1 Mt = 7.99; SD = 1,45
2 Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,52
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
                male              female

age 18-25 M= 7,85; SD= 1,31; M= 7,97; SD= 1,59
age 26-35 M= 7,56; SD= 1,57; M=80,77; SD= 1,12
age 36-45 M= 7,57; SD= 1,38; M= 7,91; SD= 1,38
age 46-55 M= 7,52; SD= 1,59; M= 7,60; SD= 1,74
age 56-65 M= 7,76; SD= 1,51; M= 7,91; SD= 1,47
age 66-75 M= 8,20; SD= 1,52; M= 8,48; SD= 1,20
age 76+   M= 8,16; SD= 1,45; M= 8,49; SD= 1,22
M-AC-g-sq-n-11-aDMt=
               male               female

age 18-25 M= 7,54; SD= 1,39; M= 7,68; SD= 1,60
age 26-35 M= 7,27; SD= 1,57; M= 7,88; SD= 1,23
age 36-45 M= 7,28; SD= 1,55; M= 7,73; SD= 1,45
age 46-55 M= 7,45; SD= 1,66; M= 7,56; SD= 1,69
age 56-65 M= 7,51; SD= 1,54; M= 7,83; SD= 1,51
age 66-75 M= 7,94; SD= 1,47; M= 8,36; SD= 1,18
age 76+   M= 8,07; SD= 1,41; M= 8,34; SD= 1,33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2004c): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Report 9.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Effects of Household Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1897

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 95+114
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: female
2: male
Observed distributionN = 1: 966, 2: 931

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cDMt= p < .097
1 Mt = 7,83; SD = 1,71
2 Mt = 7,70; SD = 1,67
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cF=56,9 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey & Wooden (2004): study AU 2002
TitleThe Effects of Wealth and Income on Subjective Well-Being and Ill-Being.
SourceEconomic Record, 2004, Vol. 80, 24 - 33
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2004.00181.x/abstract
Public20-59 aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7934

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 22
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=+.93 p < .01
B controlled for:
 - equivalised income
 - net worth
 - age 
 - partnered
 - educational attainment
 - employment status
 - disability status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelMale sexe
Page in Source 98+65+68
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 :Female
2 :Male
Observed distributionN = 1 : 997 , 2 : 969

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .004
All:
1  Mt =7,88; SD =1,73 
2  Mt =7,65; SD =1,71
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .009
Ss who live alone
1  Mt = 7,77  SD = 1,81
2  Mt = 7,21  SD = 1,95
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .039
Ss who worry and live alone
1  Mt = 7,33  SD  = 2,04
2  Mt = 6,51  SD  = 2,11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study AU 2002
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Australia 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11755

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.70 p < .01
B controlled for
- equivalised income
- net worth
- age
- partnered
- education
- in working force
- unemployed
- bad health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2001): study AU 2001 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 2, Report 1.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2001, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response90%
Respondents N =2004

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 32
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionN = 0: 1269, 1: 735

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=-
0 Mt = 8,09; SD = 1,83
1 Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2001): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 2, Report 1.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2001, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 13
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionN = 0: 1158, 1: 841

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
0 Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,91
1 Mt = 7,36; SD = 2,03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2001b): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 2, Report 2. Special Report on Income and Geographic Location.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2001, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response90%
Respondents N =2004

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
Victoria
0 Mt = 7,86, SD = 1,91, N = 104
1 Mt = 7,79, SD = 1,89, N =  58
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
New South Wales
0 Mt = 7,80, SD = 1,99, N = 130
1 Mt = 7,53, SD = 1,99, N = 100
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
Queensland
0 Mt = 7,76, SD = 2,13, N = 123
1 Mt = 7,69, SD = 2,20, N = 61
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
South Australia
0 Mt = 7,86, SD = 1,90, N = 109
1 Mt = 7,57, SD = 1,84, N = 58
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
West Australia
0 Mt = 7,86, SD = 1,74, N = 112
1 Mt = 7,24, SD = 3,37, N =  71


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyO'Brien & Webbie (2004): study AU 2001
TitleHealth, Well-Being and Body Weight. Characteristics of Overweight and Obesity in Australia.
SourceAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2004, Bulletin No. 13, Canberra, Australia
URLhttp://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442467582
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =26900

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-cy-sq-v-7-aD%=-
Healthy weight females are happier than healthy 
weight males, but overweight females are less 
happy than overweight males.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySchurer & Yong (2012): study AU 2001
TitlePersonality, well-being and the marginal utility of income: What can we learn from random Coefficient models?
SourceHEDG WP 12/01, 2012, York, UK
URLhttp://www.york.ac.uk/media/economics/documents/herc/wp/12_01.pdf
Public20-60 aged general public, followed 9 years, Australia, 2001-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7158

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 10-11
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: males
0: females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=-
Men:     Mean: 7.8; SD: 1.4
Women:   Mean: 7.9; SD: 1.4
- difference  -0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyPaul & Guilbert (2013): study AU 2001
TitleIncome-Happiness Paradox in Australia: Testing the Theories of Adaptation and Social Comparison.
SourceEconomic Modeling, 2013, Vol. 30, 900 - 910
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2012.08.034
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 4 years 2001-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8530

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 905
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1) male
0) female
Remarks
Coding reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.11 p < .05
OPRC controlled for:
- Household income
- Past household income
- Reference group income
- Age
- Education level
- Employment status
- Health
- Living in/outside city
- Indiginous
- Marital status
- Parents together
- Volunteering
- Care performed
- Working hours
- Commuting


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelRegion in Australia
Page in Source 427, 436, 438, 441
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
States and territories in Australia:
a) New South Wales
b) Victoria
c) Queensland
d) South Australia
e) Western Australia
f) Tasmania
g) Northern territory
h) ACT (Canberra)
Observed distributiona) 31%, b) 26%, c) 19%, d) 10%, e) 9%, f) 3%, g) 2%, h) 1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=
                  Males   Females   Total
New South Wales   7.89    8.03      7.96
Victoria          7.96    8.00      7.98
Queensland        7.84    7.96      7.90
South Australia   7.98    8.15      8.07
Western Australia 7.82    7.99      7.91
Tasmania          8.03    8.22      8.13
Northern Territory7.90    7.84      7.87
ACT (Canberra)    7.84    7.64      7.74
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=
                  Males       Females  
New South Wales   -------------(reference)     
Victoria          +.04(ns)    +.02(ns)      
Queensland        -.07(.1)    -.08(.05)      
South Australia   +.02(ns)    +.06(ns)      
Western Australia -.06(ns)    -.10(.05)     
Tasmania          +.07(ns)    +.13(ns)      
Northern Territory-.08(ns)    -.32(.05)      
ACT (Canberra)    -.04(ns)    -.20(.05)

OPRC's controlled for:
- remoteness of place of residence
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) unemployment rate
  b) rate of single parents
  c) rate of immigrants from non-English 
     speaking countries
  d) rate of home owners
  e) rate of employees working in a 
     professional occupation
  f) aged 65 years and over
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=
                  Males       Females  
New South Wales   -------------(reference)     
Victoria          +.06(ns)    +.02(ns)      
Queensland        -.06(ns)    -.08(.1)      
South Australia   +.06(ns)    +.07(ns)      
Western Australia -.04(ns)    -.10(.05)     
Tasmania          +.10(ns)    +.14(.1)      
Northern Territory-.00(ns)    -.29(.1)     
ACT (Canberra)    +.02(ns)    -.19(.05)

OPRC's additionally controlled for:
- 3 additional neighbourhood characteristics
  g) social interaction and social support
  h) local disamenity
  i) insecurity in the neighbourhood
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=
                  Males       Females  
New South Wales   -------------(reference)     
Victoria          +.05(ns)    +.02(ns)      
Queensland        -.05(ns)    -.07(.1)      
South Australia   +.06(ns)    +.07(ns)      
Western Australia -.04(ns)    -.10(.05)     
Tasmania          +.08(ns)    +.14(.1)      
Northern Territory-.00(ns)    -.29(.1)     
ACT (Canberra)    +.01(ns)    -.19(.05)

OPRC's additionally controlled for:
- duration of living in residence
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=
                  Males       Females   
New South Wales   -------------(reference)     
Victoria          +.05(ns)    +.04(ns)      
Queensland        -.04(ns)    -.08(.1)      
South Australia   +.01(ns)    +.02(ns)      
Western Australia -.09(ns)    -.09(.1)     
Tasmania          +.10(ns)    +.12(ns)      
Northern Territory-.22(ns)    -.40(.01)     
ACT (Canberra)    -.08(ns)    -.21(.05)

OPRC's additionally controlled for:
- relative income
instead of:
- duration of living in residence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCummins et al. (2005): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Report 12.1. Special report on City and Country Living.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =24000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 48
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:female
1:male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
In highly accessible cities
0 Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,72; N = 9982
1 Mt = 7,64; SD = 1,73; N = 8676
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
0>1
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
In accessible cities
0 Mt = 7,90; SD = 1,73; N = 1374
1 Mt = 7,76; SD = 1,75; N = 1644
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
In moderately accessible cities
0 Mt = 7,98; SD = 1,68; N = 526
1 Mt = 7,89; SD = 1,83; N = 460
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT= ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
In remote cities
0 Mt = 7,75; SD = 1,84; N = 128
1 Mt = 7,36; SD = 2,12; N =  98
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT= ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
In very remote cities
0 Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,82; N = 188
1 Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,90; N = 162
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAmbrey et al. (2013): study AU Queensland 2000
TitleEstimating the Cost of Air Pollution in South East Queensland: An Application of the Life Satisfaction Non-Market Valuation Approach.
SourceAARES Paper, 2013, Sydney, Australia
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913003479
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.11.007
Public+45 aged general public, South East Queensland, Australia, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =923

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 17.20
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Observed distributionmale 47.0%; female 53%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.21 p < .01
OPRC controlled for
- Personal characteristics
 - Age
 - Aboriginal identity
 - Immigrant
 - English ability
 - Marital status
 - Parent status
 - Number of children
 - Health condition
 - Education levels
 - Employment status
 - Household income (ln)
 - Importance of religion
 - Living years
 - Others present
 - Personality
 - Major city
 - Local status
-Environment
 - Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas
 - PM10 (?g/m3)
 - Humidity (%)
 - Rainfall (mm)
 - Temperature (°C)
 - Wind speed (meters/second


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVuletic (2003): study AU 1998
TitleSubjective Quality of Life and Self Assessed Social Support among Croation Immigrants in Australia: A Comparison with Non-Immigrant Croations and Australians.
SourcePaper presented at ISQOLS Conference Frankfurt, 2003, Germany
PublicCroatian immigrants, Urban areas of Australia, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =179

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Female
2 Male
Observed distribution%N: 2=38.8, 1=61.2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-
     M     Mt     CI95
1:  3.84  5.69  [5.13;6.25]
2:  3.79  5.57  [4.97;6.16]
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aChi²=.07 p < .078


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Error Estimatess.e.=.057
Remarks
Recoded by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.05 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyEvans & Kelley (2002): study AU 1984
TitleFamily and Community Influences on Life Satisfaction.
SourceReport Melbourne Institute, 2002, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1984-2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35-40%
Respondents N =26009

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 36,44,47,50,52,54,55,57
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 : Male
0 : Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bDMt=-0.2 p < .05
Happiness recoded to a 0-10 scale (Mt).
- Males   Mt=7.3
- Females Mt=7.1
Difference -0.2
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=-1.2 p < .05
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=-.03 p < .05
B and Beta controlled for:
- Migration history
- Family of origin:
  - Parent's education
  - Father's status
  - Parents divorced
  - Number of siblings
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=-1.4 ns
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=-.04 p < .05
B and beta additionally controlled for:
- Current family situation:
  - Marital status
  - Family size
- Age
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=-2.2 p < .05
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=-.06 p < .05
Instead of marital status and family size B and 
beta additionally controlled for:
- Current family situation:
  - Number of offspring
  - Quality of marriage
- Age

B and beta not significant when additionally 
controlled for:
- Current family situation:
  - Marital status
  - Family size
- Religious involvement:
  - Church attendance (ln)
  - Religious denomination
  - Charity work
- Work status:
  - Volunteer work (hours)
  - Education
  - Family income (ln)
  - Labour force participation
  - Spouse in labour force
  - Occupational status
  - Job security
  - Unemployed
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-b
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-b
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-b
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-b
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-b
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-b
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 76
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Female
1: Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=-.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFeather & O'Brien (1986): study AU 1980
TitleA Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Employment and Unemployment on School-Leavers.
SourceJournal of Occupational Psychology, 1986, Vol. 59, 121 -144
PublicSchool-leavers, Australia, followed 2 years,1980-1982
Sample
Non-ResponseT2: 25%, T3: 34%
Respondents N =5446

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 136
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0  Females 
1  Males
Remarks
Level of happiness at T1(1980), T2(1981) and T3(1982).


                                                
T1 happiness by male sex (sample A):
                 female     male       difference

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-mq-n-24-aAoV=+
happiness at T1  Mt'= 6.58  Mt'= 6.67     +.09

T3 happiness by male sex (sample D):
                 female     male       difference
A-CP-g-mq-n-24-aAoV=-
happiness at T3  Mt'= 6.54  Mt'= 6.50     -.04

T2 and T3 happiness by male sex (sample A+B):
                 female     male       difference
A-CP-g-mq-n-24-aAoV=+ ns
happiness at T2  Mt'= 6.18  Mt'= 6.21     +.03
happiness at T3  Mt'= 6.25  Mt'= 6.26     +.01
Interaction sex x time (non-significant):
T2 to T3              +.07       +.05     -.02

Significance assessed by variance-analysis, also 
involving employment.

The original depression score is ranging from 
4 to 28. Mt' is standardized into a happpiness 
score (0-10 and reversed)

Possible testing effects checked by comparing 
three sub-samples:
- sample A: selected at T1, tested at T1, T2, T3
- sample B: selected at T1, tested at T2 and T3
- sample C: selected at T1, tested at T3 only
At T3 happiness appeared lower in sample A than in 
sample B, but there is little evidence for 
systematic testing effects.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.09 p < .01
%very happy:
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.05 p < .01
males  : 44
females: 48
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
males  : 37
females: 33 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study AU 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Australia, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =945

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 130
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.05 ns
0                             M'=1.98  Mt'=4.9
1                                2.04      5.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.08 ns
                       
                           


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1992
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1992
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1553

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 13
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.00
ß controled for age, education, work status and 
home ownership.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySchulz et al. (1997): study AT 1992
TitleThema Kunst: Zur sozialen und ökonomischen Lage der bildenden Künstler und Künstlerinnen in Österreich. (Socio-Economic Situation of Artists in Austria).
SourceFalter Verlag, 1997, Vienna, Austria
PublicArtists, Austria, 199?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response388
Respondents N =1812

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 201
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1460

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.97      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.41      Mt=6.0
1       M=6.68      Mt=6.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.18     Mt=7.3
1       M=3.22     Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGehmacher (1990): study AT 1988
TitleStressbewältigung und Selbstbestimtheit. (Coping with Stress and Locus of Control).
SourceStart und Aufstieg, 1990, Vol. 3, 13 - 14
PublicRailway employees, Austria, 1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =68

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source (17)
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. female
2. male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.20
1. M'=1.80
2. M'=2.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGehmacher (1987a): study AT 1987
TitleGebaude Gemeinschaft. (Builded Community).
SourceSWS Rundschau, 1987, Vol. 27, 147 - 156
URLhttp://www.sws-rundschau.at/
PublicResidents housing estates, Vienna, Austria, 1987
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =218

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 151
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Remarks
ß controled for age, posymaterialism, physical health, 
mental health, education, occupational status and 
satisfactions (with housing, leisure, social contacts 
and actitities).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.01
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-ar=+.00
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.08 ns
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.04 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGehmacher (1986): study AT 1986
TitleGlück als Mathematische Gleichung. (Happiness as a Mathematical Equation).
SourceStart und Aufstieg: die Zeitschrift des Berufsförderungsinstituts, Austria, 1986, 8 - 9
PublicAdults, age range not reported, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1814

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 9
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-ar=-.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFessel (1985): study AT 1985
TitleSoziologische und Psychologische Ursachen des Wertwandel Phänomens. (Sociological and Psychological Determinants of Value Change).
SourceResearch Report, Institut für Empirische Sozialforschung, IFES, 1985, Vienna, Austria
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/fessel_wd_1985.pdf
Public14+ aged, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1027

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 111
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dG=+.01 ns
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=+.01 ns
% often happy
females: 48
males:   47


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 30,48,T21
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.07
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aG=-.19 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-atc=-.13 p < .05
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aG=+.09 p < .01
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-atc=+.06 p < .01
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta= ns
ß controlled for: age, marital status, education, 
professional status, income, and community size
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta= ns
ß controlled for: age, marital status, education, 
professional status, income,  and community size


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AT 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1186

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Error Estimatess.e.=.092
Remarks
Recoded by WDH-team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.03 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BY 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belarus, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1015

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.48      Mt=5.0
1       M=5.58      Mt=5.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .46      Mt=5.5
1       M=1.14      Mt=6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.41     Mt=4.7
1       M=2.51     Mt=5.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.21 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.17 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySenik (2011): study BE 2002
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =4831

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 42
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.18 p < .001
B's controlled for:
- Region in Belgium
- Language spoken at home
- Age and age squared
- Marital status
- Being unemployed
- Household income
- Survey year


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2792

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.32     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.59      Mt=7.3
1       M=7.60      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.59      Mt=7.3
1       M=7.60      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.32     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study BE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1385

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Error Estimatess.e.=.093
Remarks
Recoded by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.02 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study BE 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1145

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study BE 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1555

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female 
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.04 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1782

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.18      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.01      Mt=6.0
1       M=1.36      Mt=6.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.89     Mt=6.3
1       M=2.98     Mt=6.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 99/103
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.01 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.06 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.04 p < .05
males  :   41 % very happy
females:   38 % very happy
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.01 ns
males  : 35% very satisfied
females: 36% very satisfied


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study BR 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil, 1960-1961
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 378
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.26 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BG 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1034

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.00      Mt=4.5
1       M=5.07      Mt=4.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.35     Mt=4.5
1       M=2.31     Mt=4.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.07 ns
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
  - perceived needs for services
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood
- Psychological well-being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelChange average happiness
Page in Source 133
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Happiness assessed at
T1: 1999
T2: 2005
Remarks
Average scores only.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gDM=- ns
             T1     T2     T1-T2 difference
All      M   5,7    5,6    -0,1
males    M   5,7    5,6    -0,1
females  M   5,6    5,6     0,0
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bDM=+ ns
All      M   5,5    5,6    +0,1
males    M   5,4    5,6    +0,2
females  M   5,5    5,6    +0,1
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fDM=0 ns
All      M   5,6    5,6     0,0
males    M   5,7    5,6    -0,1
females  M   5,6    5,6     0,0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyUskul & Greenglass (2005): study CA 2005
TitlePsychological Wellbeing in a Turkish-Canadian Sample.
SourceAnxiety, Stress, and Coping, 2005, Vol. 18, 269 - 278
DOIDOI: 10.1080/10615800500205983
PublicTurkish immigrants, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =181

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 274.275
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-mq-n-7-ar=-.11 ns
M-AO-g-mq-n-7-aBeta=-.13 ns
Beta controled for:
- education
- married 
- years in Canada
- optimism
- proactive coping


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHolder et al. (2010): study CA 2005
TitleSpiritualilty, Religiousness, and Happiness in Children aged 8-12 Years.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2010, Vol.11, 131 - 150
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9126-1
Public8-12 aged children, 2 schools, Canada, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response11
Respondents N =320

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 139
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Girls
1 Boys
Observed distribution0 = 51 % (N = 163), 1 = 49 % (N =157)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-aDM=-
Child's self rating of own happiness

          Public school  Private school
-Girls    M = 5,94       M = 5,89
-Boys     M = 5,77       M = 5,44
difference   -0,17          -0,38
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-aBeta=-.12 ns
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-aDM=+
Parents rating of child's happiness
          Public school  Private school
-Girls    M = 5,71       M = 5,82
-Boys     M = 5,81       M = 5,44
difference   +0,10           +,38
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-aBeta=+.03 ns

Beta's controlled for childs:
- school
- temperament
  - shyness
  - emotionality
  - sociability
  - activity
- spirituality
  - personal
  - communal  
  - environmental  
  - transcendental 
  - spiritual practice/belief


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 133
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gDM=0 ns
females      M = 5,6
males        M = 5,6
- difference     0,0
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bDM=- ns
females      M = 5,5
males        M = 5,4
- difference    -0,1
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fDM=+
females      M = 5,6
males        M = 5,7
- difference    +0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHelliwell & Huang (2010): study CA 2002 /1
TitleHow's the Job? Well-Being and Social Capital in the Workplace.
SourceILR Review, 2010, Vol 63. Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/helliwell_jf_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1862

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 212-213
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female
Error Estimatess.e.= 0.05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=-.14 p < .05
OPRC controlled for:
- Job satisfaction
- Log of personal income
- Log other family members' income
- Log of avg. household income in census tract
- Self-perceived health
- Age
- Marital status
- Education
- Contact w. family members
- Contact w. friends
- Contact w. neighbors
- Number of memberships or extent of activity
- Trust in general
- Trust in neighbors
- Trust in police
- Importance of religion
- Frequency attending religious services
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=-.12 p < .05
OPRC not controlled for job satisfaction, but 
additionally controlled for job characterisitics:
- Makes own decisions
- Requires skill
- Has enough time
- Free of conflicting demands
- Has variety of tasks
- Trust in management


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySenik (2011): study CA 2000
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged general public, Canada, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =3439

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 44
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution1: 42%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.06 p < .001
B's controlled for:
- Age and age squared
- Gender
- Language of interview
- Income scale
- Survey year
- Ethnic group
- Employment status
- Education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyJones (2002): study CA 2000
TitleSatisfaction with Life in Canada.
SourceReligious Commitment Note 02 - 09, Christian Commitment Research Institute, 2002, Canada
Public15+ aged, general public, Canada, 1997, 2000
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =14000

Correlate
Author's labelmen, women
Page in Source 5, 14
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 women
2 men

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-dD%=
      very happy  somewhat happy
women      46%        46%
men        43%        50%
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyJones (2002a): study CA 1998
TitleHappiness and Optimism among Canada's 12 to 15 Years Old.
SourceReligious Commitment Note 02-12, 2002, Christian Commitment Research Institute, Canada
Public12-15 aged, Canada, 1998
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response13%
Respondents N =31194

Correlate
Author's labelGirls and boys
Page in Source 5, 10
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Sexe
1 girls
2 boys

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nD%=+
% very happy:
1 girls 27%
2 boys  30%
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nDMt= p < .000
1    girls Mt= 4,25 [4,25; 4,24]
2    boys  Mt= 4,00 [4,00; 3,99]
difference Mt= 0,25 [0,25; 0,25]
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-ngH=.083


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fDM=-
females M = 5,66
males   M = 5,68
- difference -0,02
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bDM=-
females M = 5,48
males   M = 5,49
- difference -0,01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fDM=-
females M = 5,64
males   M = 5,67
- difference -0,03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2000): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleCriminal Victimization and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 50, 245 - 295
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006930019814
PublicAdult general population, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response63%
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 273
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male
Observed distribution1:50% 0: 50%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-er= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyJones (2002): study CA 1997
TitleSatisfaction with Life in Canada.
SourceReligious Commitment Note 02 - 09, Christian Commitment Research Institute, 2002, Canada
Public15+ aged, general public, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response2%
Respondents N =18000

Correlate
Author's labelmen, women
Page in Source 5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 women
2 men

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-dD%=
        very happy   somewhat happy
women       43%       49%              
men         44%       48%
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CA 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3358

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Error Estimatess.e.=.074
Remarks
Recoded by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.06 ns
Beta controlled by:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyPacker et al. (1997): study CA 1992
TitlePsychopathology and Quality of Life in Schizophrenia.
SourceJournal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 1997, Vol. 22, 231 - 234
Public18-40 aged, schizophrenics, Canada,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 232
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 females
2 males
Observed distributionnot reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyUppal (2006): study CA 1991
TitleImpact of the Timing, Type and Severity of Disability on the Subjective Well-Being of Individuals with Disabilities.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2006, Vol. 63, 525 - 539
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.016
PublicDisabled, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response7.1%
Respondents N =24036

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 520-530
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=+
                % Not too happy %Very happy
Female                14,0           20,2
Male                  14,0           21,0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFrench et al. (1995): study CA Ontario 1990
TitleGender Differences in Relating Life Events and Well-Being in Elderly Individuals.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 35, 1 - 25
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF01079235
PublicElderly people, Ontario, Canada, 1990
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response93%
Respondents N =268

Correlate
Author's labelmale/female
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=-
Males       M = 6.4 SD = 1.9
Females     M = 6.6 SD = 1.8
- difference   -0.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CA 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1730

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.38      Mt=7.4
1       M=2.24      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
1       M=7.84      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
1       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKeith & Landry (1992): study CA 1990
TitleWell-Being of Older Canadians.
SourceCanadian Social Trends, 1992, Vol. 25, 16 - 17
Public55+ aged, Canada, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelmen/women
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 female
2 male
Remarks
Happiness was slightly lower in 1985, more among men 
then among women. See KEITH 1992/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-bD%=
                     men       women
very happy            56%        49% 
somewhat happy        39%        43%
somewhat unhappy       2%         5%
very unhappy           2%         1%
DK/NA                  3%         2%
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-bDM=
females M = 3,43  SD = 0,64
male    M = 3,53  SD = 0,59


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBlandford & Chappell (1990): study CA 1985
TitleSubjective Well-being among Native and Non-Native Elderly Persons: Do Differences Exist?
SourceCanadian Journal on Aging, 1990, Vol. 9, 386 - 399
Public50+ aged, Winnipeg,Canada, 1985
Sample
Non-Response15% Natives
Respondents N =390

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 395
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Female
1: Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tb=-.28 ns
b  controlled by: 
1. Married
2. Widowed
3. Age
4. Monthly income
5. Perceived health
6. Days in bed
7. Family size
8. Functional ability
9. Satisfaction with family
   relationships
10.Social contacts 
11.Number of children
12.Number of siblings
13.Number of caregivers
14.Interaction of ethnicity with
   ability & marital status & days ill


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKeith & Landry (1992): study CA 1985
TitleWell-Being of Older Canadians.
SourceCanadian Social Trends, 1992, Vol. 25, 16 - 17
Public55+ aged, Canada, 1985
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelmen/women
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 female
2 male
Remarks
Happiness was slightly hihger in 1990, more among men 
then among women. See KEITH 1992/2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-bD%=+
                    men     women
very happy           46%      45%
somewhat happy       48%      49%
somewhat unhappy      4%       5%
very unhappy          1%       1%
DK/NA                 1%       1%
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-bDM=+
females M = 3,38  SD = 0,63
males   M = 3,40  SD = 0,62


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMichalos (1986): study CA 1984
TitleAn Application of Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT) to Seniors.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 349 - 378
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300488
Public60+ aged, rural districts, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =457

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 363
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female                  
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.0 ns
ß path-coefficient controlled for age, income, 
education, and the perceived discrepancies: own 
life with that of others, life with that deserved, 
life with needs, life with progress in life, life 
now with best previous experience, life with 
wants.
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.0 ns
ß path-coefficient controlled for  age, income, 
education, and the perceived discrepancies: own 
life with that of others, life with that deserved, 
life with needs, life with progress in life, life 
now with best previous experience, life with 
wants.
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.04
Total of direct path and indirect paths via 
life compared with wants.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.04
Total of direct path and indirect paths via life 
compared with wants.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 233
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-RG-u-sq-v-7-bDM=-
Males M=  5.17  Females M  =5.30
      Mt'=6.95          Mt'=7.16
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aDM=-
Males M=  5.22  Females M  =5.32 
      Mt'=7.03          Mt'=7.20
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaDM=-
Males M=  5.04  Females M  =5.12
      Mt'=6.73          Mt'=6.87
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.06
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation, government services,   
and for the other demographic factors: age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=-.03
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation, government services,   
and for the other demographic factors: age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 80/1/91
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=-.06 ns
ALL Ss (including not formally married 
cohabitating (considered as married):

- non-married:                   DMt = +0.1
- married (not formally married
  cohabitating included):        DMt = +0.1
- cohabitating:                  DMt = +0.1        
   
ß = +.04 after control for: age, household income, 
marital status, being in love, desire to change 
dating patern or marital status, locus of control, 
social support (1. instrumental: problems managing 
money, deciding how to spend money, not enogh 
money to do things, unsatisfying job, not enough 
money to get by on; 2. expressive: no close 
companions, no one to depend on, unsatisfactory 
sex life, problems communicating, dissatisfied 
with marital status, not enough close friends, no 
one to show love/affection, too dependent on 
others, not having children, no one to understand 
problems, 3. interpersonal demands: too many 
responsibilities, no one to depend on, too many 
demands on time, problems communicating, problems 
with children, problems with spouse/ ex-spouse, 
conflicts with those who are close), and 
satisfaction with: job and financial situation, 
friendships, love relationships and living   
situation.                                       

NOT FORMALLY MARRIED COHABITATING Ss EXCLUDED:

- married:   DMt = +0.1
- unmarried: DMt = +0.1
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dG=+.06
Tau c = +.00
- married:     G' = -.03  Tau c = -.00
- non-married: G' = -.02  Tau c = -.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1979
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged, general public, Ontario, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =895

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 80/81/83
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Female vs male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDMt=
- married:          DMt = -.0.1
- non-married:      DMt = +.0.1
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aG=+.03
                  G' = +.03  
- married:        G' = -.02  
- non-married:    G' = -.02      


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.10 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.04 p < .05
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=-.06 p < .01
males  : 31 % very satisfied
females: 37 % very satisfied
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.02 ns
males  :   38 % very happy
females:   40 % very happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKennedy et al. (1978): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleSubjective Evaluation of Well-Being: Problems and Prospects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 457 - 474
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352943
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =335

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 467
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG= ns
dwelling: single house
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG= ns
dwelling: semi-detached
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG=-.32 p < .05
dwelling: apartment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1977
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =3289

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=+.05 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=+.07 p < .05
rpc controlled for: Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKennedy & Mehra (1985): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleEffects of Social Change on Well-Being: Boom and Bust in a Western Canadian City.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 17, 101 - 113
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00302416
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977-1984
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3440

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 108
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. Male
2. Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.06
Stepwise regression by age-group.
age-group 26-45
 
Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
-friendship satisfaction
- family satisfaction
- job satisfaction
- health satisfaction
- non work activities satisfaction
- neighbourhood satisfaction
- finanacial better/worse than year ago
- year of significant social change
- things wanted to do satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.07
age-group 45+ 
 
Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
- health satisfaction
- non work activities satisfaction
- financial better/worse than year ago
- job satisfacion
- frienship satisfaction
- family satisfaction
- things wanted to do satisfaction
- year of significant social change


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 257-258
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-atc=+.04 ns
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aDyx=+.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1974
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1974
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1234

Correlate
Author's labelMale Sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=+.04 ns
rpc controlled for: Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1968
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1968
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2734

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=+.07 p < .05
rpc controlled for: Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Chile, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .91      Mt=5.9
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.50      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.61      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. males
0. females (reference)
Observed distributionmales: 49.18%; females: 50.82%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.09 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.09 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
 -homeownership property status
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.09 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.09 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.09 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.10 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyQuinta (2011): study CN 2010
TitleLocals' Happiness 'Above Average'.
SourceMacau Daily Times, 20 january 2011
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/quinta_v_2011.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Macau, China, 2010
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response14
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aDM=-
male       M=6.76
female     M=7.19
- difference 0.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyWang et al. (2015): study CN 2010
TitleDoes Consuming More Make You Happier? Evidence from Chinese Panel Data.
SourceMonash DOE Working Paper, 2015, No. 29, 1 - 26
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/277004500_Does_Consuming_More_Make_You_Happier_Evidence_from_Chinese_Panel_Data
Public18+ aged, general public, China, 2010-2012
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =61009

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-jDM=-
2012
                 M       SD
Males          3.28     1.05
Females        3.34     1.06

Difference= -.06
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-jDM=-
2010
                 M       SD
Males          3.44     1.05
Females        3.51     1.03

Difference= -.07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyChen (2013): study CN 2009
TitlePerceived Discrimination and Subjective Well-Being among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceJournal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 2013, Vol. 40, 131- 156
Public18+ aged general public, China, 2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response1413
Respondents N =2733

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 142, 149
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution1: 51.3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=-.05 p < .NS
URBAN RESIDENTS         (N=983)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.64 ns
RURAL-TO-URBAN MIGRANTS (N=555)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=-.11 ns
RURAL RESIDENTS         (N=1195)

B's controlled for:
- ethnic discimination
- age
- marital status
- ethnic minority
- education 
- employment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyWang et al. (2013): study CN 2008
TitleHappiness and Job Satisfaction in Urban China: A Comparative Study of Two Generations of Migrants and Urban Locals.
SourceDiscussion Paper No. 08-13, 2013, Monash University, Department of Economics, USA
Public19+ aged, general public, China, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5395

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 6, 7
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.05 p < .01
FULL SAMPLE               (N=5395)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.03 p < .01
FIRST-GENERATION MIGRANTS (N=2213)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.03 ns
NEW-GENERATION MIGRANTS   (N=444)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.07 p < .01
URBAN LOCALS              (N=2738)

B's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- years of education
- marital status
- health status
- having children
- hourly income
- region of residence
- surface area of house
- number of friends
- perceived recent change in social class
- job satisfaction

Full sample is additionally controlled for migrant 
status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 215,210
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male
Remarks
Coded reversely in report. Values changed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.81 p < .05
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.99 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.04 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.05 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
OR and B controled for
- age cohort
- education
- marital status
- household income
- unemployement
- urban residency
- domain satisfaction
- value priorities
- lifestyle

For a subgroup of 87% of respondents with at least 
one positive experience of happiness, enjoyment 
and accomplishment, OR and B values are lower.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyXiao & Li (2011): study CN 2005
TitleSustainable Consmuption and Life Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 323 -329
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/226764459_Sustainable_Consumption_and_Life_Satisfaction
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9746-9
PublicGeneral public, 14 cities, China, 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response151
Respondents N =3372

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 326-327
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: males
0: females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-eb=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
-Green lifestyle intention
-Green purchase intention
-Green purchase behavior
-Age
-Education
-Family income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMonk-Turner & Turner (2010): study CN Yunnan 2003
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Those who Exchange Sex and Money, Yunnan, China and Thailand.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 99, 13 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9568-9
Public18+ aged, Yunnan region, China, 2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =3641

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Sex:
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionM = 0.63, SD = 0.48

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-bOLRC=0.96 ns
OLRC controlled for:
- years of education
- income rank
- HIV positive
- marital status
- age
- current drug use
- feeling part of the community
- job condition


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1= male
0= female
Observed distribution51.2% female; 48.8% male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=-.00 ns
b(-0.00378) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKnight & Gunatilaka (2010): study CN 2002
TitleGreat Expectations? The Subjective Well-Being of Rural-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceWorld Development, 2010, Vol. 38, 113 - 124
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.03.002
Public16+ aged rural-urban migrants, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1930

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 116
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution61% male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=-.27 p < .05
B controlled for:
- Household income
- Income expectations
- Marital Status
- Education
- Financial assets
- Unemployment
- Working hours
- Health
- Duration of urban residence
- Regional income
- Living with family members
- Remittances
- Area of house
- Living in own house
- Heating
- Child left behind
- Number of friends/relatives in city

Effect is stronger for those who migrated less 
long ago

Interaction male*married: B=+.35(p<.01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 1194, 1195
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution1: 47.9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=-.06 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Age
  d) Marital status
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Communist Party Member
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Surface of house
- City characteristics
  l) GDP per capita  
  m) Population growth
  n) City size
  o) Region in country
  p) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants
  r) Between-group inequality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 352
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distributionN: 0 = 6783, 1 = 4392

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Male:   M = 3,68
Female: M = 3,66
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= ns
F-ratio = 1,91


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distribution49% male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.16 p < .01
OPRC controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Age (squared)
- Unemployed
- Marital status
- Sociability
- Dependent relatives
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Health
- Medical insurance
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Hukou location
- Province


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyZhang & Liu (2007): study CN 2002
TitleChildlessness, Psychlogical Well-being and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in China
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 2007, 22:185-203
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10823-007-9037-3
Public65+ aged, China, 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13447

Correlate
Author's labelMale vs female (reference)
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=-.02 ns
B controlled for 
- age 
- education
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=-.06 p < .05
B additionally controlled for 
- residence
- living arrangements
- access to pension 
- access to medical services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyChan & Lee (2006): study CN 2000
TitleNetwork Size, Social Support and Happiness in Later Life: A Comparative Study of Beijing and Hong Kong.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 87 - 112
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-1915-1
Public60+aged, China, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2125

Correlate
Author's labelGender (male)
Page in Source 98, 100
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbr=+.02 ns
Hong Kong
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbBeta=-.05 ns
Beta controlled for:
- education 
- income

Beta unaffected (-.04) by additional control for
- network size
- social support
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbr=+.05 ns
Beijing
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbBeta=+.07 ns
Beta controled for:
- education 
- income

Beta unaffected by additional control for
- network size
- social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 138, 146.
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=-.05 p < .05
Individual happiness by gender.

OPRC (-0,0544) controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate

-individual characteristics:
 -Living arrangement
 -Age (groups)
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+aged, general public, China, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.07      Mt=6.1
1       M=1.47      Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
1       M=2.93     Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyXu & Wu (1988): study CN 1986
TitleA preliminary survey of the psychological and social situation of the elderly in Beijing.
SourceInternational Journal of Mental Health, 1988, Vol. 16, 51 - 66
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/41344468
Public55+ aged, Being China, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =175

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0  females
1  males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-aD%=-
% very satisfied:
females  36
males     23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVuletic (2004): study HR 2001
TitleGenerational and Transgenerational Factors of Health Related Quality of Life in Croatia.
SourcePhD Thesis, Faculty of Medicine, University of Logves, 2004, Croatia
PublicAdults, general public, Croatia, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =182

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Female
2 Male
Observed distribution%N: 1=39.1, 2=60.9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-
     M (SD)      Mt        CI95  
1: 3.45(1.01)   4.90    [3.41;3.48]
2: 4.09(1.00)   6.18    [4.04;4.13]
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aChi²=0.07 p < .79


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVuletic et al. (2002): study HR 1997
TitleHealth Related Quality of Life (HRQL) Assessment in Croatian Population Using the SF-36.
SourceQuality of Life Newsletter, 2002, Vol. 29, 7
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vuletic_g_2002.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Croatia, 1997-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5048

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Gender
1 Female
2 Male
Observed distribution%N: 2=39.3, 1=60.7
Remarks
mean age: 2=48.49,      1=49.47

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDMt=+
    M     Mt    CI95
2  3.67  5.33  [5.22;5.45]
1  3.57  5.14  [5.05;5.23]
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aF=6.96 p < .00
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aE²=0.00
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aBMCT= p < .01
1>2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study CU 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =992

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 378
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHnilicova (2003): study CZ 2000
TitleImpact of Social Changes after Year 1989 on the Quality of Life of the Czech People.
SourcePaper presented at the 10th Conference of the ISQLR, 2003, Praque, Czech Republic
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/hnilicova_h_2003.pdf
PublicHealthy men and women, Prague, Czech Republic, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 3
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-cy-sq-n-7-aDM=+
females  M = 4,97
males    M = 5,16
difference  +0,19

No difference in age category 18-45 years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CZ 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Czechoslovakia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1396

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.21      Mt=5.8
1       M=6.39      Mt=6.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .58      Mt=5.6
1       M= .94      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.63     Mt=5.4
1       M=2.72     Mt=5.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Error Estimatess.e.=.089
Remarks
Recoded by WDH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.19 p < .05
Beta controlled by:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKohler et al. (2005): study DK 2002
TitlePartner + Children = Happiness? The Effects of Partnerships and Fertility on Well-Being.
SourcePopulation and Development Review, 2005, Vol. 31, 407 - 445
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2005.00078.x
Public20-70 aged identical twins, Denmark, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =3226

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 414
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gDM=+
ALL
- males     M = 1.48     SD = 0.57
- females   M = 1.45     SD = 0.58
difference    + 0.03
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gDM=+
AGE 25-45
- males     M = 1.46     SD = 0.59
- females   M = 1.45     SD = 0.59
difference    + 0,01
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gDM=+
AGE 50-70
- males     M = 1.51     SD = 0.55
- females   M = 1.46     SD = 0.57
difference    + 0.05

4-step lifesatisfaction reduced to 3-step by 
combining 1+2

means and differences are calculated by WDH team


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyNybo et al. (2001): study DK 1998
TitleFunctional Status and Self-Rated Health in 2,262 Nonagenarians: the Danish 1905 Cohort Study.
SourceJournal American Geriatics, 2001, Vol. 49, 601 - 609
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.49121.x/abstract
Public92-93 aged, Denmark, 1998
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response37
Respondents N =2262

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 607
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Men 
0: Women
Remarks
N = 1:491, 2:1307

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-sq-v-3-aDM=- p < .662
Males:    M = 2.62  CI95 = [2.68 - 2.56]
Women:    M = 2.65  CI95 = [2.69 - 2.62]
- difference -0,03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 288
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: female
2: male
Observed distributionN all:4344, 1:53,5%, 2:46,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1: Mt=7.70
2: Mt=7.76
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.01 p < .357
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1: Mt=7.44
2: Mt=7.36
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 p < .322
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1: Mt=7.06
2: Mt=6.95
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.03 p < .058


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmale sex
Page in Source 46
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionN: 0: 746, 1: 736

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.03 ns
  0:Mt=7.70
  1:Mt=7.81
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.00 ns
 0: Mt=7.43
 1: Mt=7.44
All Mt=7,44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.02 ns
 0: Mt=6.98
 1: Mt=6.90
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 52
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionN: 0:2489, 1:2131

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.01 ns
0: Mt=7.71
1: Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 ns
0: Mt=7.45
1: Mt=7.39
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.03 p < .,04
0: Mt=7.08
1: Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLewinter et al. (1996): study DK Hovenstaden (Capital region, København) 1991
TitleThe Social Situation of Elderly Turkish Immigrants in Copenhagen, Denmark.
SourceJournal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 1996, Vol. 11, 115 - 129
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00114856
Public55+aged Turkish migrants, Copenhagen, Denmark, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44%
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 124
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-gD%= p < .05
% happy very or somewhat)
              Turkish   Danish
Males          77        89
Females        65        88
- difference + 12       +01

No significant gender difference in happiness was 
found among native elderly Danes (Holstein, 
Almond, Due & Holst 1989)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DK 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.93      Mt=6.9
1       M=1.92      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=8.07      Mt=7.9
1       M=8.25      Mt=8.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study DK 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1182

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. males
0. females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study DK 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =767

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Error Estimatess.e.=.131
Remarks
Recoded by WDH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled by:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study DK 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1039

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.13 p < . 05
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.07
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness,anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, lonelyness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, gets sufficient 
attention, satisfaction with income, age, no. of 
communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyIisager (1948): study DK 1946
TitleFactors Contributing to Happiness among Danish College Students.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1948, Vol. 28, 237 - 246
PublicAdult college students, Denmark, 1946-47
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =113

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 241
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-aD%=- ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study DO 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =814

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 378
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study EG 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 1960
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =499

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 378
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySchoon et al. (2005): study EE 2000 /2
TitleCombining Work and Family. Life Satisfaction Among Married and Divorced Men and Women in Estonia, Finland, and the UK.
SourceEuropean Psychologist, 2005, Vol. 10, 309 - 319
DOIdoi: 10.1027/1016-9040.10.4.309
PublicMarrieds and divorced, Estonia, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1556

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 312, 314, 315
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male
Observed distributionfemales = 657, males = 507

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dF=4,46
Interaction effect gender and marital status
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dF=3,51 p < .03
Interaction effect gender and employment status
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dF=6,17 p < .002
Interaction effect gender and marital status and 
employment status
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dF=6,83
employed only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study EE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1008

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.90      Mt=5.4 
1       M=6.12      Mt=5.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .55      Mt=5.5
1       M=1.03      Mt=6.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.58     Mt=5.3
1       M=2.59     Mt=5.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study EE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =816

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Error Estimatess.e.=.137
Remarks
Recoded by WDH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.29 p < .05
Beta controlled by:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySchoon et al. (2005): study FI 2000 /1
TitleCombining Work and Family. Life Satisfaction Among Married and Divorced Men and Women in Estonia, Finland, and the UK.
SourceEuropean Psychologist, 2005, Vol. 10, 309 - 319
DOIdoi: 10.1027/1016-9040.10.4.309
PublicEmployed people, Finland, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1750

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 312, 314, 315
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male
Observed distributionFemales = 943, males = 447

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=-.15
Women      M = 6,86
Men        M = 6,71
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=-.07
Married
Men      M = 7,25
Women    M = 7,32
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=-,26
Divorced
Men      M = 6,17
Women    M = 6,43
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dF=5,43 p < .05
Interaction effect gender and part-time vs 
full-time work
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dF=5,34 p < .05
interaction effect gender, marital status and 
part-time vs full-time work


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 10,28
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:females
1:males
Observed distributionUrban: 0=60,5%;1= 39,5% Rural:0=55,5%; 1=44,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.13 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.11 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997
TitleIs the Evaluation of the Global Quality of Life Determined by Emotional Status?
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol.13, 1347 - 1356
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000040788.12947.b9
Public25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =3838

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 1350
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aDM=-
females M=69,6
males   M=68,6
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aF=2,7 p < .09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMatikka & Ojanen (2002): study FI 1994
TitleHappiness in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities.
SourcePaper 2002, FAMR Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matikka_lm_2002.pdf
Public18-77 aged intellectually disabled, Finland, 1994-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =376

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Gender
0  Female
1  Male
Observed distribution0=191(51%), 1=185(49%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aChi²=+.01 ns
%happy:
Male=85 
Female=85


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Sexe
1 = male
0 = female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=
Average happiness (SWL):
male       3.62   (N=1294)
female     3.80   (N=1395)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FI 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Finland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =588

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.14     Mt=7.1
1       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.79      Mt=7.5
1       M=7.58      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.21      Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.60      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.72      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.09 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.05 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKoivumaa-Honkanen (1998): study FI 1975
TitleLife Satisfaction as a Health Predictor.
SourceDoctoral Dissertation, University of Turku, 1998, Finland (Kuopio University Publications D. Medical Sciences 143)
Public18-64 aged adult twin pairs, Finland, 1975
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response271
Respondents N =29444

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 69
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1=men
0=women
Observed distribution1=49%, 0= 51%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jDM=- p < .05
All
1: M=3.83, CI95[3.82-3.84], Mt=7.08
0: M=3.89, CI95[3.88-3.91], Mt=7.23
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jDM=-
Age 18-24
1: M=3.80, Mt=7.00
0: M=3.97, Mt=7.43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jDM=-
Age 25-34
1: M=3.94, Mt=7.35
0: M=4.00, Mt=7.50
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jDM=-
Age 35-44
1: M=3.84, Mt=7.00
0: M=3.88, Mt=7.20
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jDM=+
Age 45-55
1: M=3.74, Mt=6.85
0: M=3.71, Mt=6.78
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jDM=+
Age 56-64
1: M=3.65, Mt=6.63
0: M=3.60, Mt=6.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.02
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness,anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, lonelyness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, gets sufficient 
attention, satisfaction with income, age, no. of 
communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHaavio-Mannila (1971): study FI 1966
TitleSatisfaction with Family, Work, Leisure and Life among Men and Women.
SourceHuman Relations, 1971, Vol. 24, 585 - 601
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1966
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =948

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 587
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-bG=-.17 p < .05
Unaffected by marital status.

Helsinki:                        G' = -.21 (05)
 Stronger among those of low S.E.S.
Rural communes:                  G' = -.12 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey & Krause (1994): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleInequalities of Income, Health and Happiness: The Stratification Paradigm and Alternatives.
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =9114

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 22
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 female
2 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.01
1984 raw correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.01
1984 disattenuated correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.01
1991 raw correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.01
1991 disatenuated correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Disattenuated correlations are obtained by 
assuming validity coefficients of 1.0 for gender 
and 0.8 for happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 25
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.07 p < .01
Women happier than men

B's controled for:
- age
- education
- household income
- position in the household
- employment
- country of origin
- time (dummy for wave of panel)
and additionally for:
- trait-happiness (average over all 14 waves)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 737/41
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.01 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.01 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.00 ns
males  :   13 % very happy
females:   11 % very happy
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=-.01 ns
males  : 17 % very satisfied
females: 17 % very satisfied


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHabich (2002): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleImmer mehr für immer mehr. Anmerkungen zur Wohlfahrts forschung in vergleichenden Perspective. (Ever more for Ever more: Welfare Development in a Comparative Perpective).
SourceGlatzer, W.; et al; Eds.: "Sozialer Wandel und Gesellschaftliche Dauernbeobachtung" , Leske & Budrich, 2002, Germany, 199 - 209
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1978 - 2001.
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =20000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 205
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1  males
0  females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
WEST
Age    Year     Men    Women    Difference
18-34: 1978    M=7,65  M=7,84      -,19    
       1980    M=7,63  M=7,70      -,07
       1984    M=7,68  M=7,96      -,28  
       1988    M=7,73  M=8,07      -,34
       1990      -       -    
       1993    M=8,00  M=8,01      -,01
       1998    M=7,66  M=7,67      -,01 
       1999    M=7,81  M=7,77      +,04 
       2001    M=7,35  M=7,50      -,15

35-59: 1978    M=7,83  M=7,86      -,03
       1980    M=7,61  M=7,58      +,03
       1984    M=7,70  M=7,79      -,09   
       1988    M=7,89  M=7,98      -,09 
       1990      -       -   
       1993    M=7,82  M=7,99      -,17  
       1998    M=7,71  M=7,74      -,03
       1999    M=7,71  M=7,84      -,13
       2001    M=7,64  M=7,76      -,12

+60:   1978    M=8,13  M=7,88      +,25
       1980    M=8,15  M=7,62      +,53
       1984    M=8,02  M=7,39      +,63
       1988    M=8,01  M=7,83      +,18
       1990      -       -      
       1993    M=7,88  M=7,75      +,13
       1998    M=8,00  M=7,67      +,33
       1999    M=7,88  M=7,63      +,25
       2001    M=7,69  M=7,53      +,16
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
EAST
Age    Year    Men     Women   Difference
18-34: 1990    M=6,90  M=6,72    +,18
       1993    M=7,28  M=6,98    +,30
       1998    M=7,00  M=7,52    -,52
       1999    M=7,62  M=7,42    +,20
       2001    M=6,51  M=6,83    -,32

35-59: 1990    M=6,63  M=6,23    +,40
       1993    M=6,70  M=6,69    +,01
       1998    M=6,96  M=7,23    -,27
       1999    M=6,94  M=6,80    +,14
       2001    M=6,94  M=6,73    +,21

+60:   1990    M=6,79  M=6,59    +,20
       1993    M=6,79  M=7,00    -,21
       1998    M=7,85  M=7,45    +,40
       1999    M=7,82  M=7,05    +,77
       2001    M=7,14  M=7,16    -,02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1976 /2
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public14+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1976
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7965

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 220
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=-.04 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=-.02 p < .01
Males:   65% happy face   25% unhappy
Females: 68% happy face   24% unhappy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study XZ Germany West 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1039

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.35 p < . 01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyNeuberger & Allerbeck (1978): study XZ Germany West 1970
TitleMessung und Analyse von Arbeitszufriedenkeit. (Measurement and Analysis of Satisfaction with Work).
SourceHans Huber Verlag, 1978, Bern, Switzerland
PublicEmployees, industry or service sector, Austria and West germany, ±1970
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females 
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-sq-f-7-aE²=-.07 p < .01
Male            M=4.91  Mt=6.52
Female          M=5.11  Mt=6.85


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study XZ Germany West 1957
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1957
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =480

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 378
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.17 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study XZ Germany West 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =3341

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.02 ns
0                             M'=1.58  Mt'=2.9
1                                1.56      2.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.04 ns
                       
                           


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.22      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.46      Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.20     Mt=7.3
1       M=3.12     Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.82      Mt=6.5
1       M=6.74      Mt=6.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.10 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study FR 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. males
0. females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 215/9
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.06 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 p < .05
males  : 14% very satisfied
females: 13% very satisfied
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.03 ns
males  : 14% very happy
females: 16% very happy 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study FR 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, France, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1196

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.22 p < . 01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.14 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyClement (1980): study FR 1975 /1
TitleDe la Variation de Quelques Traits de Personalité en Fonction, notamment, de l'Age, du Sexe et du Niveau Intellectuel. (The Variation of Certain Personality Traits in Relation to Age, Sex, and Intelligent Level).
SourcePsychologie Francaise, 1980, Vol. 25, 95 - 113
Public60-69 aged women, lower class, France 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =922

Correlate
Author's labelMale sexe
Page in Source 100
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=+
Females   M=6,65   Mt'=7,06
Males     M=6,72   Mt'=7,15
O-SP-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=+
Females   M=6,40   Mt'=6,75
Males     M=6,68   Mt'=7,10
M-FH-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=+
Females   M=5,91   Mt'=6,13
Males     M=6,40   Mt'=6,75


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study FR 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, France, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 147
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.01 ns
0                             M'=1.36  Mt'=1.9
1                                1.37      1.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.02 ns
                       
                           


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 1
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distribution1: 1087, 0: 1066

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=-
male     M = 6.9
female   M = 7.2
-difference -0.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKrause (2013): study DE 2007
TitleDon't Worry, be Happy? Happiness and Reemployment.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2013, Vol. 96, 1 - 20
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
Public16+ aged, recently fallen unemployed, Germany, 2007-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2542

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 5, 7
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution1: 46.7% SD=0.499

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.22 p < .05
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) age and age squared
  b) disabled
  c) marital status
  d) having a partner
  e) employment status spouse
  f) employment status partner
  g) (number of) children in household
  h) education
  i) migrant status
  j) wage in last job
  k) duration of last job
  l) unemployment benefits
  m) reason of termination of last job
- Environmental characteristics:
  n) national unemployment rate
  o) region/state in Germany
- Interview-specific characteristics:
  p) interview cohort
  q) time between unemployment entry and


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyNesterko et al. (2013): study DE 2006
TitleLife Satisfaction and Health-Related Quality of Life in Immigrants and Native-Born Germans: The Role of Immigration-Related Factors
SourceQuality of Life Research, 22, 1005-1013
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11136-012-0239-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2006
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =21079

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 1006, 1009
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution1: 50.3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=+
Males:        Ma=6.93
Females:      Ma=6.89 
- difference:   0.04
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dE²=.000
Ma and eta squared are controlled for:
- immigrant background
- age
- age*gender
- immigration background*gender
- immigration background*gender*age group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyNesterko et al. (2013): study DE 2006 /1
TitleLife Satisfaction and Health-Related Quality of Life in Immigrants and Native-Born Germans: The Role of Immigration-Related Factors
SourceQuality of Life Research, 22, 1005-1013
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11136-012-0239-y
Public16+ aged migrants, Germany, 2006
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2971

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 1008, 1009, 1011
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distribution1: 47.1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=-
Males:        Ma=6.73
Females:      Ma=6.77 
- difference:   0.04
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dE²=.000
Means and eta squared controlled for:
- age
- length of time living in Germany
- gender*length of time living in Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=
Males:        Ma=6.81
Females:      Ma=6.84 
- difference:   0.03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dE²=.000
Ma and eta squared controlled for:
- age
- possession of German citizenship
- gender*possession of German citizenship


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2004
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22012

Correlate
Author's labelSex: male
Page in Source 508
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.25 p < .01
IN WEST-GERMANY
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.20 p < .01
IN EAST-GERMANY

B's controlled for:
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) perceived local safety
  b) neighbourhood status
  c) social contact with neighbours
  d) rate of removal
  e) urbanization
- personal characteristics
  a) conscientiousness
  b) extraversion
  c) agreeableness
  d) neuroticism
  e) external locus of control
  f) internal locus of control
  g) status compared to others in neighbourhood
  h) openness
  i) nationality
  j) age and age squared
  k) household income
  l) education
  m) marital status
  n) mental health
  o) physical health
  p) having children

East-Germany is the former communist German 
Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 
with West-Germany.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKoch et al. (2005): study DE 2002
TitleWorkfare: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen. (Workfare: Possibilities and Limitations).
SourceIAB Discusdsion Paper no. 17/2005, Nürnberg, Germany
URLhttps://www.econstor.eu/dspace/bitstream/10419/31924/1/498010902.PDF
Public18-65 aged, on low wage or on social security, Germany, 2002-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2568

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 29
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Man
1 Woman

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.08 ns
B controlled for: 
- Employment status, social assistence
- Net household income
- Net household income per head
- Nationality (German, not German)
- Age
- Age squared
- Years of education in school and occupation
- Living together with a partner
- Satisfaction with health
- Level of being unfit for work activity
- Region (West, East)
- Year (2002, 2003)

Robust OLS. Ordered Probit analysis yiels similar 
result


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLau & Kramer (2005): study DE 2002
TitleDie Relativitätstheorie des Glücks. Über das Leben von Lottomillionären. The Realtivity Theorie of Hapiness; On the Life of Lotto Millionaires.
SourceBook, 2005, 1 - 155
URLhttp://www.springer.com/de/book/9783862260072
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response2 %
Respondents N =1715

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 115
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-cD%=-
% happy
male           31 %
female         37 %
-difference    -6 %


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study DE 2002
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9958

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.26 ns
B controlled for
- equivalised income
- net worth
- equivalised consumption
- age
- partnered
- education
- in working force
- unemployed
- bad health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyErlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002
TitleNowhere Better Than Here? The Subjective Well-Being of German Emigrants and Remigrants.
SourceComparative Population Studies-Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, 2011, Vol. 36, 899 -926
URLhttp://www.comparativepopulationstudies.de/index.php/CPoS/article/view/80
Public15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11096

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 911, 916, 918
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distribution1: 46%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.10 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.14 p < .01
B's controlled for:
- immigration status
- age
- age^2
- education
- employment
- friends
- partner
- children
- health
- general trustfullness
- satisfaction with democracy
- frequency of praying
- income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 10,28
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:females
1:males
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban: 0=56.3%;1= 43.7% Rural:0=55.1%; 1=44.9% Germany East: Urban: 0=58.8%;1= 41.2% Rural:0=57.8%; 1=42.2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyWinkelmann (2006): study DE 2000
TitleParental Separation and Well-Being of Youths. Evidence from Germany.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 197 - 208
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.008
Public16-18 aged, Germany, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 5,17,18
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male
Observed distributionM =0,493 (49%), SD = 0,500

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
also controlled for:
- non-intact family
- household income 
- having an own room
- being a single child
- German nationality
- Territory of West Germany
- Being in school
- Engaged in vocational training
- work
- lives at home
- region of childhood (mid-sized city,small-city, 
rural area)
probit result=-0,022
CI95=[ -0,18  0,14]
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
additionally controlled for
-type of school(hauptschule, realschule, 
gymnasium)
-good student
-repeat a grade
-education of parents(father gymnasium, mother 
gymnasium)
-log number of books in the household
probit result= 0,058
CI95=[ -0,11  0,23]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female  (reference)
Observed distributionM = 0,492 SD = 0,5
Remarks
In original: Woman. Order reversed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.09 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - nationality
- personality traits
- accomodation
- absolute lack of
  - facilities (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables   (car, telephone, etc)
  - health     (bad health, disabled etc)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.10 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- relative (instead of absolute) lack of 
  - income
  - savings
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.09 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

All Bs based on Probit adapted OLS. Random effects 
model


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 122, 127
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:females
1:males
Observed distribution0:West-Germany:N=192; East Germany:N=189; 1:West Germany:N=191; East Germany: N=190

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.12 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - satisfaction with finances
   - age
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score 
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyObucina (2013): study DE 1994
TitleThe Patterns of Satisfaction Among Immigrants in Germany
Source Social Indicators Research, 113(3), 1105-1127.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-012-0130-9
Public18-65 aged general public, Germany, followed 16 years, 1994-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =209989

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 1115
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.15 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Relative deprivation
- Household income
- Household composition
- Marital status
- Gender
- Education
- Foreign-born
- Employment status
- House ownership
- Living in West- vs East-Germany
- Savings
- Health
- Year controls


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySchyns (2000): study DE 1992
TitleThe Relationship between Income, Changes in Income and Life-Satisfaction in West Germany and the Russian Federation. Relative, Absolute or a Combination of Both?
SourceDiener, E.;Rathz, D.R.;Eds.: "Advances in Quality of Life Theory and Research", Kluwer, 2000, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 83 - 110
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 4 years, 1992-1996
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4398

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 95
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1) males
0) females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
         Mean    Unhappy(1-3) Very happy(8-10)
Male     5.2     4.1%         19.0%
Female   4.9     34.7%        12.5%
Diff     +0.3    +30.6%       +6,5%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyClark (2015): study DE 1992
TitleSWB as a Measure of Individual Well-Being.
SourceHal Archives, 2015, Pse Working Papers, No 2015-11, 1 - 45, Paris, France
URLhttps://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01134483
Public16+ aged, general public, followed 10 years, Germany, 1992-2012
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =368000

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 10,12,13,22
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female
Observed distribution0: 51%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
DM computed by WDH-team.

Pooled sample.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFrijters et al. (2004a): study DE 1991 /1
TitleMoney does Matter! Evidence from Increasing Real Income and Life Satisfaction in East Germany following Reunification.
SourceThe American Economic Review, 2004, Vol. 94, 730 - 740
DOIDOI:10.1257/0002828041464551
Public21-64 aged general public, East Germany, 1991-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3086

Correlate
Author's labelMeans
Page in Source 731
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: males
0: females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
                1991  2001  difference
Males:     M =  6.00  6.42  +0.42
Females:   M =  5.93  6.51  +0.58
- difference   +0.07 -0.09  -0.02
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMielke (1997): study DE 1990
TitleWohlbefinden und Fitness. Eine empirische Analyse zur Lebens-, Gesundheits- und Freizeitzufriedenheit älterer Menschen. (Welfare and Fitness of Elderly).
SourceDissertation, University of Cologne, Medical Faculty, 1997, Germany
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-1991
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Responseonknown
Respondents N =6000

Correlate
Author's labelsexe
Page in Source 33
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0:female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-aD%=+
% happy
- males   47%
- females 46%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBernheim et al. (2006): study DE 1990
TitleThe Potential of Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) to Reduce Bias in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 227 - 250
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-4755-0
PublicPatients university hospital, Berlin, Germany 1990-2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2584

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 238
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-qBeta=+.43 p < .05
C-BW-c-sq-ol-11-aBeta=+.01 ns
Beta's controled for
-age
-maried stage
-education
-employed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response32%
Respondents N =516

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 1496, 1510
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males
Observed distribution0: 258; 1: 258

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aDM=+
Females:   M = 3,6
Males:     M = 3,8
- difference  +0.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey & Headey (2003): study DE 1990
TitleGerman Reunification: Welfare Gains and Losses East and West.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 64, 107 - 138
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024780114892
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response± 40%
Respondents N =10000

Correlate
Author's labelMale and female headed households
Page in Source 119, 132/5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Household heads aged 25-29
1 females
2 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
                   East              West
            1990  1992  1997   1990  1992  1997

Female       6.7   5.0   6.3    7.0   7.1   7.1
Male         6.6   6.1   6.2    7.4   7.4   6.9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE East Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1336

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.72      Mt=6.4
1       M=6.72      Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.04      Mt=6.0
1       M=1.50      Mt=6.5
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.94     Mt=6.5
1       M=2.98     Mt=6.6
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-atc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 222, 225
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
2 females
Remarks
T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.05 ns
T3 LEVEL of happiness

Beta controlled for
-current priorities at T3 for life goals
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-having a partner
-years of education
-disposable household income
-health disability

Beta very similar for men, women and respondents 
in prime age (25-59).
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.07 p < .10
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness (14 year lag)

Beta's controlled for
-average priority at T 1,2,3 for life-goals
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-life satisfaction at T1 (1990)
-partner in 2004
-years of education
-disposable income
-health disability


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE West Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2201

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
1       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
1       M=1.75      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
1       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey (2010): study DE 1990
TitleThe Set Point Theory of Well-Being Has Serious Flaws: On the Eve of a Scientific Revolution?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 97, 7 - 21
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9559-x
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 15 years, 1990 - 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7329

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionM = 1: 49,79%, 0: 50,21%
Remarks
Result is for latest year available in 1990 - 2005 
(usually 2005).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.00 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGuven (2009b): study DE 1984
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =21000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 44, 49
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Remarks
In original: Female (vs) male. Order reversed by WDH 
team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Male   M = 3,84
Female M = 3,81

The original happiness scale from 0 to 10 is 
recorded here as follow:
(0,1,2): 1
(3,4):   2
(5,6):   3
(7,8):   4
(9,10):  5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.12
Male (vs female)

B controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force satus
  - marital status
  - health status
  - number of children
  - education
  - income
  - household size
  - age
- state
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBoes & Winkelmann (2010): study DE 1984
TitleThe Effect of Income on General Life Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 95, 111 - 128
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9452-7
Public25-65 aged singles, (West-)Germany, 1984-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9735

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 118
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: males
0: females
Observed distributionN = !: 5008; 0: 4727

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=-
Males:    M = 6,61
Females:  M = 6,85
- difference -0,24
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dD%=
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKozcan (2013): study DE 1984
TitleDoes integration increase life satisfaction?
SourceUnpublished Manuscript (No. 1314). Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
URLhttp://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe1314.pdf
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =71779

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 11-12
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution1: 49%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.10 ns
B controlled for:
- Age
- Marital status
- Years of education
- Employed
- Immigrant status
- Works in occupation of training
- Home ownership
- Household size
- Job insecurity
- Parental education 
- Urban/rural childhood
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyPohl (2006): study DE 1984
TitleEmployment Status, Income and the Subjective Well-Being of Immigrants.
SourcePrinceton University, Working Paper, 2006, No. 71087
URLhttp://paa2007.princeton.edu/papers/71087
Public25-65 aged immigrants, Germany, followed yearly 1984-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15790

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female; 1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=-.07 ns
OPRC controlled for:
- Age
- Number of children
- Marital status
- Education level
- Dummy west-germany
- Immigration background
- Employment status
- Income
- Worries
- Health status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study DE West Germany 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1305

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. males
0. females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCalys-Tagoe et al. (2014): study GH 2007
TitlePredictors of Subjective Well-Being Among Older Ghanaians.
SourceGhana Medical Journal, 2014, Vol. 48, 178 - 184
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4335429/
Public50+ aged, Ghana, 2007-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4724

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distribution0 = 49.6 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eOR=+
OR male vs female 1.68 CI95 [1.39 - 2.03]

OR adjusted for:
- age
- educational level
- income
- ethnic background


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFalco et al. (2012): study GH 2004
TitleHeterogeneity in Subjective Wellbeing. An Application to Occupational Allocation in Africa.
SourcePolicy Research Working Paper 6244, Worldbank, 2012, USA
Public15-60 aged, urban population, Ghana, followed 7 years, 2004-2010
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3216

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 43
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Remarks
Pooled data T1 to T+4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aOPRC=-.25 p < .01
OPRC controled for:
- self-employed, with employee
- earnings (log)
- work conditions
  - hours-squared (log)
  - tenure (log)
  - apprentice
- personal characteristics
  - household assets
  - household head
  - married
  - age
  - age-squared
  - education-squared (log)
- situation
  - ethnicity (dummy)
  - city (dummy)
  - year (dummy)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySing (2009a): study HK 2006
TitleThe Quallity of Life in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 295 - 335
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9349-x
Public20-69 aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sexe
Page in Source 318
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mD%=-
% happy (very and quite)
Males       11%
Females     12%
-difference -1%
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bD%=-
% feels happy (often and sometimes)
Males       62%
Females     63%
-difference -1%
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cD%=-
% accomplished wants (a great deal and some)
Males       54%
Females     57%
-difference -3%
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aDM=-
Males       M = 2,0
Females     M = 2,1
-difference    -0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 313
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Female 
1: Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-3.3 p < .01
B is controlled for: 
-residence
-living arrangement
-marital status
-income
-education
-age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMitchell (1972): study HK 1967
TitleLevels of Emotional Strain in East Asian Cities.
SourceAsian Folklore & Social Life Monographs, The Orient Cultural Service, 1972, Taipei, Formosa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/mitchell_re_1972.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 1967
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =3966

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0. Female
1. Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aG=+.05 p < .01
% happy:
- Females 66
- Males   68


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 10,28
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males
Observed distributionUrban: 0 = 59,2%; 1 = 40,8%; Rural: 0 = 60,4%; 1 = 39,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study HU 1996
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1996
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3055

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fb=+.96 ns
B controlled for
- equivalised income
- net worth
- equivalised consumption
- age
- partnered
- education
- in working force
- unemployed
- bad health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLelkes (2002): study HU 1992
TitleTasting Freedom: Happiness, Religion and Economic Transition.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2006, Vol. 59, 173 - 194
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2004.03.016
Public16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1992-1998
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =9167

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 183
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Remarks
Signs are reversed for consistency. In paper:
1: Female
0: Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=-.23 p < .01
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=-.05 ns
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=-.04 p < .01
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=-.01 ns
1998

b and Beta control for:
-religious involvement
-employment status
-income
-education level
-age
-gender
-Gypsy ethnicity 
-living in Budapest
-marital status
-number of children

Analysis incorporates sampling weights for the 
correction of sampling design (1992) and sample 
fit (1998).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study HU 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .87      Mt=5.9
1       M= .85      Mt=5.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.09      Mt=5.7
1       M=5.96      Mt=5.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.72     Mt=5.7
1       M=2.71     Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.06 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IS 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Iceland 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =702

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=8.16      Mt=8.0
1       M=7.89      Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.43     Mt=8.1
1       M=3.34     Mt=7.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.62      Mt=7.6
1       M=2.43      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.09 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.09 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.10 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
ß controlled for age 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.08 p < .05
ß controlled for age  
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.06 ns
ß controlled for age  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySingh et al. (2014): study IN 2014
TitleEffects of the demographic Variables and psychometric Properties of the personal Well-being Index for School Children in India.
SourceChild Indicators Research, 2015, Vol. 3, 571 - 585
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12187-014-9264-4#/page-1
DOIDOI:101007/s12187-014-9264-4
Public8-13 aged,school children, India, 2014
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source Table 5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female
Observed distributionN: males:805, females:496

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbDM=+
Male         M=8.00
Female       M=7.91
-difference   +0.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLinssen et al. (2011): study IN Orrisa 2008
TitleSubjective Well Being in Rural India: The Curse of Conspicuous Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 101, 57-72
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9635-2
PublicPoor household, rural areas, India, 2008
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =697

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Females
1: Males
Observed distributionFemales: 50.22%; Males: 49.78%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ab=-.32 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Consumption
 -absolute consumption
 -conspicuous consumption
 -relative consumption
-Village level characteristics
 -average village level consumption
-Individual level characteristic
 -Caste
 -missed days due to health
 -age
 -education
 -marital status
 -religion
 -employment status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 269
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male
Observed distribution0: 60% 1: 40%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.0 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.15 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=2.20      Mt=7.2
1       M=2.22      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.72      Mt=7.5
1       M=7.70      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
1       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .24      Mt=5.2
1       M= .48      Mt=5.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.30      Mt=5.9
1       M=6.09      Mt=5.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.85     Mt=6.2
1       M=2.76     Mt=5.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.60      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.72      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.60      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.72      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.05 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.05 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.07 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.21 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=-.04 p < .05
males  : 12 % very satisfied
females: 12 % very satisfied
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.13 p < .01
males  :   11 % very happy
females:   17 % very happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study IN 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, India, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 378
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.14 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLandiyanto et al. (2010): study ID 2007
TitleWealth and Happiness: Empirical Evidence from Indonesia.
SourceWorking Paper, 2010, 1 - 19, Mahidol University, Thailand
URLhttp://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/www/external/labor/FLS/IFLS/papers/2010_landiyanto2.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2007
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =29013

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question related to gender
1 male
0 female
Observed distributionM=0.48; SD=0.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-car=-.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKousha & Mohseni (2000): study IR 1995
TitleAre Iranians Happy? A Comparative Study between Iran and the United States.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 52, 259 - 289
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1007061431186
PublicResidents big city (Tehran), Iran, 1995-97
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response4,8%
Respondents N =1561

Correlate
Author's labelmale sex
Page in Source 272
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0.female
1.male
Observed distribution 1995: 0=265, 1=279 1997: 0=614, 1=441
Remarks
actual numbers, revised by author

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= ns
             1995    M      S.D.          
              0=    1,80    0,32 
              1=    1,79    0,34
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= ns
             1997    M      S.D.          
              0=    1,82    0,40 
              1=    1,83    0,36
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= ns
             1995
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             0=     8,1    63,7     28,2 
             1=     8,4    61,8     29,8
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= ns
             1997
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             0=    12,5    57,1     30,4 
             1=    11,2    60,7     28,0
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.01 ns
             1995
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.01 ns
             1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHealy (2005): study IE 2002
TitleIn Each Other's Shadow. What Has Been the Impact of Human and Social Capital on Life Satisfaction in Ireland?
SourceThesis, National University of Ireland, 2005, Dublin, Ireland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/healy_t_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 164
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionM = male: 7.57, female: 7.91

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebDM=-
males     M = 7,57 
females   M = 7,91
- difference -0,34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
1       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.95      Mt=7.0
1       M=2.06      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
1       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
1       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.60      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.72      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
1       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.95      Mt=7.0
1       M=2.06      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
1       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.60      Mt=6.6
1       M=1.72      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.10 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.10 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.09 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.09 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study IE 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1217

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study IE 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.07 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.18 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAmit & Litwin (2010): study IL 2006
TitleThe Subjective Well-being of Immigrants Aged 50 and Older in Israel.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 89 - 104
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9519-5
Public50+aged immigrants, Israel, 2005-2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =930

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 95, 98, 99
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distribution!: 45 % 0: 55%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gr=-.06 ns
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controled for:
- immigration history
  - continent or origin
  - language proficiency in Hebrew
- background
  - age
  - marital status
  - income
  - education
  - participation in social activities
  - selfrated health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 277,279, 285
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females
Observed distributionM=1.53, SD=.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- years of formal education
- age
- holding central office during the last five 
years
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.06 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- community value
- collectivistic value
- individualistic value
- satisfaction with realization of values
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to own 
aspirations and abilities
- satisfactionwith feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- Satisfaction with material standard of living
- Satisfaction with work domain
- Satisfaction with interpersonal relationships
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.46 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyShamir (1985): study IL 1983 /1
TitleSex Differences in Psychological Adjustment to Unemployment and Reemployment: A Question of Commitment, Alternatives or Finance?
SourceSocial Problems, 1985, Vol. 33, 67 - 79
Public27-47 aged academics, unemployed and reemployed, Israel, 1983
Sample
Non-Response61,5 %
Respondents N =432

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 73
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dAoV=+ ns
female               M = 3.5   Mt' = 6.3
male                 M = 3.6   Mt' = 6.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMorawetz (1977): study IL 1976
TitleIncome Distributions and Self-Rated Happiness: Some Empirical Evidence.
SourceThe Economic Journal, 1977, Vol. 87, 511 - 522
PublicAdults, two villages (one equal in incomes, one unequal), Israel, 1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =109

Correlate
Author's labelsex
Page in Source 518
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 female
2 male
Observed distributionN = 1: 51,5(%, 2: 48,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=+.40 ns
B controlled for:
- years live in moshav
- religion
- place of birth
- age
- education
- not married
- children at home
- rooms per house
- rooms per person
- telephone
- no car
- agricultural work
- income per standard adult
- Moshav
Unaffected by kind of community
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=+.30 ns
B controlled for the above variables without 
income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975a): study IL 1968
TitleStructure and Dynamics of Worries.
SourceSociometry, 1975, Vol. 38, 445 - 473
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2786361
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1968-1970
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3600

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 453-457
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female 
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-
    1968/2  1968/11  1969/2  1969/6  1970/2

mc= -.28    -.30     -.32    -.33    -.42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study IL 1961
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, Israel, 1961-62
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1170

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 378
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.15 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBecchetti & Pisani (2014): study IT 2010
TitleFamily Economic Well-Being, and (Class) Relative Wealth: An Emperical Analysis of Life Satisfaction of Secundary School Students in Three Italian Cities.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 503 -525
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9433-z
Public17-18 aged , secondary school students, Italy, 2010
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2124

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source Table 1 - Table 5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. males
0. females
Observed distributionM = .47; SD = .50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.23 p < .01
TYPE OF SCHOOL FIXED EFFECT

OLRC controlled for:
-single parent
-repeated at least one school year
-residence location
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.27 p < .01
OLRC additionally controlled for:
-Household economic condition
 -houseownership
 -mortgage
 -current account
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.35 p < .01
OLRC additionally controlled for:
-School performance
 -final grade in Italian
 -final grade in maths
 -final grade at middle school
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.37 p < .01
OLRC additionally controlled for:
-parental jobs
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.38 p < .01
OLRC additionally controlled for:
-Relationship
 -trust in family
 -friends

With SCHOOL FIXED EFFECTS and CLASS FIXED EFFECT, 
the results are nearly the same.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Males
0: Females
Observed distributionFemales: M = 0.52; SD = 0.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Marital status
 -Age
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Ownership of the house of residence
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
 -Work status
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Social assistance
 -Cultural supply
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVieno et al. (2009): study IT Veneto 2006
TitleHealth Status in Immigrants and Native Early Adolescents in Italy.
SourceJournal of Community Health, 2009, Vol. 34,181 -187
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10900-008-9144-2
Public10-18 aged general public, Vieno: Italy, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6744

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 183, 185
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Boys
0: Girls
Observed distribution50.4% boys

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eBeta=-.38 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Immigrants (born in Italy or not)
- Age
- Family socio-economic status
- Number of friends
- Friends support
- Bullying victimization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDiGiacinto et al. (2007): study IT 2004
TitleCreativity and Happiness.
SourcePaper presented at teh International Conference ''Policy for Happiness'', June 2007, Siena, Italy
URLhttp://www.unisi.it/eventi/happiness/curriculum/ferrante.pdf
PublicEmployees, Italy, 2004
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =1240

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 22
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Female
2: Male (base group)
Observed distributionFemale: M=0,3089 SD=0,46221

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.13 p < .076
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-ab=+.20 p < .070
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.06 p < .070
Regressions control for:
-age
-income
-schooling*creativity index
-marital status
-educational level
-province level unemployment rate
-province level per capita disposable income
-area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 10,28
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males
Observed distributionUrban 0 = 58,1%; 1 = 41,9%; Rural: 0 = 55,1%; 1 = 44,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban area
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyNuvolati (2004): study IT 1996
TitleCommuting and Quality of Life. The Italian Case.
SourcePaper 6the Congress ISQOLS, 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/nuvolati_g_2004.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response1,7%
Respondents N =3561

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 7
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=+
% satisfied
- males     82,5
- females   82,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2010

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.94     Mt=6.5
1       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.04      Mt=6.0
1       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.16      Mt=6.8
1       M=7.36      Mt=7.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study IT 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1348

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.10 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.07 p < .05
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.06 p < .01
males  :  9% very satisfied
females:  7% very satisfied
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.04 p < .01
males  :    11% very happy
females:     9% very happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study IT 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1043

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.10 ns
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.45 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study IT 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Italy, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1078

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 175
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.04 ns
0                             M'=1.60  Mt'=3.0
1                                1.55      2.7
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.09 ns
                       
                           


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 3, 6, 16, 22
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distribution1: 45,8%, 0: 54,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=-
males     M =  5,8
females   M =  6,4
-Difference = -0,6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bbDM=-
males     M =  5,4
females   M =  6,0
-Difference = -0,4
A-AB-yd-mq-n-11-aDM=-
males     M =  1,7
females   M =  2,6
-Difference = -0,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTiefenbach & Kohlbacher (2011): study JP 2011
TitleHappiness from the Viewpoint of Economics.
SourceDeutsches Institut für Japanstudien, 2011, Tokyo, Japan
URLhttp:www.dijtokyo.org
Public15 -79 aged, Japan, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28,4%
Respondents N =3578

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 7
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: woman
1: man
Observed distribution0: 0,51;1: 0,49

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-fDM=-
0: woman    M = 6,7
1: man      M = 6,2
difference     -0.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyInoguchi & Fujii (2009): study JP 2009
TitleCountry Profile of Japan: Citizens' Perception of Quality of Life, Social Capital, and Governance
SourceInoguchi, T.; Ed.: "Human Beliefs and Values in East and Southeast Asia in Transition", Akashi Shoten, 2009, Japan, 129 - 151
Public20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1003

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN= 1:502, 0: 501

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mDM=- p < .01
1: M =       2,62 [CI95 2,54 2,69] SD 0,85
0: M =       2,75 [CI95 2,68 2,82] SD 0,79
-difference -0,13 [CI95 -0,23 -0,03]
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bDM=- p < .00
1: M =       1,91 [CI95 1,85 1,97] SD 0,66
0: M =       2,05 [CI95 1,99 2,11] SD 0,66
-difference -0,14 [CI95 -0,23 -0,06]
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cDM=- p < .00
1: M =       1,63 [CI95 1,57 1,69] SD 0,65
0: M =       1,77 [CI95 1,72 1,82] SD 0,61
-difference -0,14 [CI95 -0,22 -0,06]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMoon & Mikami (2007): study JP 2004
TitleDifference in subjective Well-being between ethnic Korean and Japanese elderly Residents in an Urban Community in Japan.
SourceGeriatrics and Gerontology International, 2007, Vol. 7, 371 - 379
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1447-0594.2007.00427.x
Public65+aged, ethnic Korean naturalized as Japanese and Japanese, Japan, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21.7%
Respondents N =425

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 376-377, 379
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionEthnic Japanese n= 1: 83, 0: 136 Ethnic Korean n=1: 75, 0: 127

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aDM=+/-
Ethnic Korean
Male    M:50.0 SD:29.6 
Female  M:44.9 SD:27.9
-difference +5.1

Japanese 
Male    M:67.3 SD:24.1
Female  M:68.4 SD:22.5
-difference -1.1
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=-.07 p < .05
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=+.06 ns
Beta controlled for:
-ethnicity
-age
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=.00 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- literacy
- living alone
- absence of 'sense of purpose in life'
- pension
- public assistance
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=01 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- depression
- performance status (ADL)
- history of lifestyle related disease


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study JP 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1011

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
1       M=2.93     Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.63      Mt=6.3
1       M=6.41      Mt=6.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.94     Mt=6.5
1       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .35      Mt=5.3
1       M= .44      Mt=5.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.04      Mt=6.0
1       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.16      Mt=6.8
1       M=7.36      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.12 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.08 p < .001
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.11 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=-.03 p < .05
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abtc=-.02 ns
males  :  5% very satisfied
females:  5% very satisfied
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.08 p < .01
males  :    11% very happy
females:    15% very happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKusago (2007): study JP 1978
TitleRethinking of Economic Growth and Life Satisfaction in Post - WW 2 Japan - A Fresh Approach
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 79 - 102
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-0016-9
PublicGeneral public, Japan, 3 annual 1978-2002
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =18

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1. males
0. females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.15 p < .01
1978
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.18 p < .01
1990
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.12 p < .01
2002

B's controlled for:
-age
-marital status
-employment status
-house ownership
-family income
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study JP 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Japan, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= -
Males   : Mt = 5.1
Females : Mt = 5.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKoo & Yee (2016): study KR 2014
TitleDimensions of Social Well-being and Determinants in Korea: Personal. Relational, and Societal Aspects.
SourceThe Senshu Social Well-being Review, 2016, no 3
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 2014-2018
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 56
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ceBeta=-.05 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- age
- marital status
- education level
- work status
- household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ceBeta=-.10 p < .01
When additionally controlled for:
- ingroup trust
- trust gap
- risk experience
- discrimination experience
- community participation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRudolf & Cho (2011): study KR 1998
TitleThe Gender-Specific Effect of Working Hours on Family Happiness in South Korea.
SourceCourant Research Centre, Discussion Papers no. 77, 2011, Göttingen, Germany
URLhttp://www.uni-goettingen.de/crc-peg
PublicWorking aged, South-Korea, followed 10 years 1998-2008
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25461

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 19
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eDM=+
1:         M = 3.20
0:         M = 3.19
difference M =+0.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 462
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female
Observed distribution1: N=205, 0: N=143

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bDM=+
Males:   M = 1.50, SD = 1.43
Females: M = 0.99, SD = 1.50
Difference  +0,51
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bt.=+3,2 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLee (1998): study KR 1996
TitleMarital Status, Gender, and Subjective Quality of Life in Korea.
SourceDevelopment and Society, 1998, Vol. 27, 35 - 49
Public20-60 aged, general public, South Korea, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response4,5%
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 45
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
2 female
Observed distribution1: 50,6%; 2: 49,4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-fb=+.04 ns
B controlled for
- age
- marital status
- subjective class
- household income
- education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study KR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1251

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
1       M=2.85     Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.65      Mt=6.3
1       M=6.73      Mt=6.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyShin (1986): study KR 1980
TitleEducation and the quality of life in Korea and the United States: A cross-cultural perspective.
SourcePublic Opinion Quarterly, 1986, Vol. 50, 360 - 370
URLhttp://poq.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/3/360.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1215

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 367
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female 
1 Male 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.01 ns
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.01 ns
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=-.03 ns
ß controled for education, income, age, married 
status, own house and community size.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLee et al. (1982): study KR 1980
TitlePerceptions of Quality of Life in an Industrializing Country: The Case of the Republic of Korea.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 10, 297 - 317
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00301097
PublicParents with unmarried children at home, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 311
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bDM=-
Hardly any difference


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 563/7
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female 
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.05 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.03 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.02 ns
males  :     5% very happy
females:     5% very happy
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
males  : 2 % very satisfied
females: 2 % very satisfied


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LV 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Latvia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =903

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=5.65      Mt=5.2
1       M=5.78      Mt=5.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .78      Mt=5.8
1       M=1.14      Mt=6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.49     Mt=5.0
1       M=2.56     Mt=5.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10 p < .01
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyAyyash-Abdo & Alamuddin (2007): study LB 2007
TitlePredictors of Subjective Well-Being Among College Youth in Lebanon.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 2007, Vol. 147, 265 - 284
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17703789
PublicStudents, Lebanon, 2007
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =689

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 274
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Observed distribution45.7% male, 54.3% female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aDM=+
Male         M = 1.27  SD = 0.87
Female       M = 0.98  SD = 0.85
-difference     +0.29


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M= .37      Mt=5.4
1       M= .86      Mt=5.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=6.01      Mt=5.6
1       M=6.02      Mt=5.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.47     Mt=4.9
1       M=2.60     Mt=5.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study LU 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =324

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.05 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHinks & Davies (2008): study MW 2004
TitleLife Satisfaction in Malawi and the Importance of Relative Consumption, Polygamy and Religion.
SourceJournal of International Development, 2008, Vol. 20, 888 - 904
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1470/abstract
DOIDOI:10.1002/jid.1470
PublicHousehold heads, Malawai 2004-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =11272

Correlate
Author's labelmale/female
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Head of household 
1: males
0: females
Observed distributionN: 1= 8690, 0 = 2582

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eDM=+
Male heads of household      M = 2,47
Female heads of household    M = 2.29
difference:                     +0,18
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=+.05 ns
B controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marriage
    - status (married,divorced, wiwow)
    - polygamous (vs not)
  - religion
  - interaction religion-polygamous marriage
- household situation
  - size
  - consumption per capita
  - sick member
- local environmnent
  - consumption level
  - safety
    - atacked in the last year
    - feeling unsafe
  - rural (vs not)
  - hunger season
  - member of parliament lives in area

B unaffected by
- additional control for personal assets
- alternative controls for relative wealth


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study MX 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Mexico, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1531

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
1       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
1       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.58      Mt=7.3
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.07 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.09 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.06 p < .05
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study MX 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, urban areas, Mexico, 1948-1949
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1752

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 188
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.02 ns
0                             M'=1.60  Mt'=3.0
1                                1.57      2.9
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.04 ns
                       
                           


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySumnall & Bellis (2010): study ZZ 2010
TitleA Choise between fun for Health? Relationships between Nightlife Substance Use, Happiness, and Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Substance Use, 2010, Vol. 15, 89 - 104
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/14659890903131190
DOIdoi: 10.3109/14659890903131190
Public16-35 aged night scene public, 9 European cities, 2008
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1363

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 94
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Observed distributionmale:51.5%, female:48.5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-2-bD%=- ns
males        83% happy
females      84% happy
- difference -1%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyKirmanoglu & Baslevent (2014): study ZZ Europe 2010
TitleLife Satisfaction of Ethnic Minority Members: An Examination of Interactions with Immigration, Discrimination, and Citizenship.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 116, 173 - 184
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0276-0
Public15+ aged Europeans, Europe. 2010/2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =32275

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=-.04 p < .002
OPRC controlled for:
- age
- age^2/100
- education
- household income
- unemployed
- political vote
- religiosity
- health
- living alone
- ethnic minority member
- migration generation
- ethnic minority *migration generation
- citizen
- ethnic minority member*citizen
- perceived discrimination
- ethnic minority*perceived discrimination


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySulemana (2014): study ZZ South Sahara Africa 2008
TitleThe Effect of Fear of Crime and Crime Victimization on Subjective Well- Being in Africa.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2015, Volume 121, 849 - 872
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-014-0660-4#page-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-014-0660-4
PublicAdult general public, 20 sub-saharan African countries, 2008
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =27713

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source table 2 and 3
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-dDM=+.01 p < .52
Males:   M = 1,65  SD = 1.18
Females: M = 1,64  SD = 1.19
-difference +0.01  (CI95: -.02 - +.05)
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-dgH=.014 ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-db=-.01 ns
b (-0,012) controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - social capital
  - religion 
- environmental characteristics
  - size of town
  - country (dummy)

Ordered probit analysis yields similar results.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBartram (2013): study ZZ Europe 2008
TitleHappiness and 'economic migration': a comparison of Eastern European migrants and stayers
SourceMigration Studies, 1(2), 156-175
DOIdoi:10.1093/migration/mnt006
Public15+ aged general public, Europe, 2008-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =42380

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 163, 165, 167
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Female
0: Male
Observed distribution43.6% male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.03 p < .000
Beta controlled for:
- Immigrant status
- Age
- Age^2/100
- Religion
- Partner
- Employment
- Friends
- Health
- Income
- Education
- Survey round


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females
Observed distribution1: 51%, 0: 49%
Remarks
Originally coded 'female', reversed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.02 ns
b controlled for:
- years of education
- household size
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- marital status
- age
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBericat (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006 /1
TitleThe Subjective Well-Being of Working Women in Europe.
SourceConnerly, M.L. and Wu, J.;Ed.:"Handbook on Well-Being of Working Women", International Handbook of Quality-of-Life, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht, 2016, Netherlands, 633 - 650
DOIdoi: 10.1007/978-94-017-9897-6_35
Public15-65 aged general public, 25 European nations, 2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =43000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 638
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cw-mq-v-4-aDMr=-
Male          M=1.5
Female        M=3.6
-difference    -2.1
DMr denotes difference from population mean


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMutz (2015): study ZZ Various nation sets 2006
TitleChristmas and Subjective Well-Being: a Research Note.
SourceApplied Research Quality Life, 2015, Published Online, 1 - 26
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11482-015-9441-8
Public15+ aged, general public, 11 EU nations, 2006-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2057

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 24,25
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 = male
0 = female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.04 p < .05
b controled for
- age
- education
- children at home
- employment
- subjective health
- time of interview

b affected hardly for Christian denomination;
b affected for christian low/high religiousness (b 
= -.01 ns)
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-hb=+.19 p < .01
b controled for
- age
- education
- children at home
- employment
- subjective health
- time of interview

Unaffected by  additional control for
- religiousness
- interaction between religiousness and time of 
interview


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyOlgiati et al. (2013): study ZZ Western nations 2006
TitleAre Migrants Going Up a Blind Alley? Economic Migration and Life Satisfaction around the World: Cross-National Evidence from Europe, North America and Australia
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 114, 383 - 404
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0151-4
Public15+ aged general public, 16 Western countries, 2006-2011
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =51004

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 392
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Gender:
1: male
0: female
Remarks
Re-ordered by the World Database of Happiness team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab=-.16 p < .001
B controlled for:
- ln income
- foreign born
- ln income*foreign born
- age and age squared
- marital status
- household size
- religion
- satisfaction with health
- country of residence
- survey round
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=-.22 p < .001
B additionally controlled for:
- being unemployed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCurrie et al. (2008): study ZZ Developed nations 2005
TitleInequalities in Young People's Health: International Report from the HBSC 2005/2006 Survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No.5,
SourceWHO Regional Office for Europe, 2008, Copenhagen, Denmark
URLhttp://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/53852/E91416.pdf
Public11,13 and 15 aged, school children, 41 countries and regions, 2005-2006
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =204534

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 57,60
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Girls
1 Boys
Observed distributionN Girls all = 104301, N Boys all = 100233

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eD%=+1%
11 YEARS OLDS % happy ( score >6)
- Girls    87%
- Boys     88%
difference +1%
Set Image size:   

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eD%=+5%
13 YEARS OLD % happy ( score >6)
- Girls    82%
- Boys     87%
difference +5%
Set Image size:   

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eD%=+7%
15 YEARS OLDS % happy (score >6)
- Girls    78%
- Boys     85%
difference +7%
Set Image size:   

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eD%=
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFlavin et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2005
TitleState Intervention and Subjective Well-Being in Advanced Industrial Democracies.
SourcePolitics and Policy, 2011, Vol. 39, 251 - 269
Public15+ aged, general public, 15 Industrialized Democracies, 2005-2009.
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10405

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 259
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Remarks
Order changed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.06 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness by individual gender

B controlled for:
-National characteristics
  -Size of the state
  -GDP
  -Unemployment rate
  -Individualism
-Individual characteristics  
  -Income
  -Education
  -Health
  -Age
  -Married
  -Unemployed
  -Church attendance
  -Trust in others
  -Religion

Controlled for tax revenue as a measure of the 
size of the state, same results if controlled for 
government share of GDP, social wage, or social 
welfare expenditures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVanSantvoort (2009): study ZZ Europe 2005
TitleDisability in Europe: Policy, Social Participation and Subjective Well-being.
SourceIpskamp, 2009, Enschede, Netherlands
Public15+ aged, general public, 9 European countries, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response30 %
Respondents N =14889

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 36
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Males
0 Females
Remarks
Sign reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=+.04 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- hampered in daily activities by disability
- socio-demographic variables
- socio-economic variables
- self assessed health
- feeling optimistic and energetic
- feeling about household income
- social participation

Beta's not significant in:
- Denmark
- Slovakia

Beta's similar in:
- Belgium
- Germany
- Finland
- Slovenia
- United Kingdom


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~BCS (2010): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleThe Information Dividend: Can IT Make you ''Happier''.
SourceResearch Report by Trajectory Partnership i.o.o. BCS the Chartered Institute for IT, 2010, London, UK
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~BCS_2010.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, World, 2005
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =35000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 13, 15
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.00 ns
B (+.004) controlled for:
- sense of freedom and control
- media use:
  - accessed internet
  - watched TV
- demographics:
  - age, age squared
  - education
  - income
  - size of town
-employment:
  - work part time
  - self-employed 
  - retired
  - housewife
  - student
  - unemloyed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+aged intra-European migrants, 13 EU nations, 2004-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =2560

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 40
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.11 p < .001
B controlled for:
- Age and age squared
- Household income
- Marital status
- Being unemployed
- Country of origin
- Year-fixed effects
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.11 p < .001
B when additionally controlled for:
- Country of residence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3501

Correlate
Author's labelFemale vs male
Page in Source 1160, 1164
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Male (reference)
1: Female
Observed distributionN = 1: 695, 0: 1957
Remarks
Order in paper different from WDH custom where the 
concept is male sexe, coded 1 (vs female sexe coded 0)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eD%=+ p < .01
          % happy
- Male      M:30,2% SD:13,0
- Female    M:26,0% SD:12.5
-difference    4.2%
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=0.83 p < .01
female (vs male)

OR controlled for: 
-age
-marital status
-limitations in daily activities
-education
-income
-house ownership
-neighborhood
-infrastructure
-children
-receives help
-provides help
-leisure
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=0.90 ns
OR additionally controlled for country

OR's similar when computed for 'very satisfied and 
satisfied' (vs not satisfied) instead of 'very 
satisfied' (vs satisfied and not satisfied)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelsex
Page in Source 64
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
Single question: What is your sex?
1 = female
2 = male
Observed distributionFemale: 51%, Male: 49%,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+ ns
female: M = 7.84
male  : M = 7.94
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+ ns
female: M = 3.27
male  : M = 3.33
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ ns
female: M = 1.64
male  : M = 1.73


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBöhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 = Women (reference)
1 = Men

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.00 ns
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.04 ns
B controlled for
-age
-urban/rural
-income
-employment
-class/occupation
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.11 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.09 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.14 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelFemale
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0= female
1= male
Remarks
(reversed by us)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.08 p < .05
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.01 ns
EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySafi (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleImmigrants' Life Satisfaction in Europe: Between Assimilation and Discrimination.
SourceEuropean Sociological Review, 2010, Vol. 26, 159 - 176
DOIDOI:10.1093/esr/jcp013
Public15+ aged, general public, 12 European nations 2002-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =60169

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male reference
0 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.10 p < .01
B controlled for
- Age
- education
- family life
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.11 p < .01
B additionbally controled for
- income 
- occupation
- employment
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.14 p < .01
B additionaqlly controled for
- physical health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Pew Research Center (2002): study ZZ 2002
TitleWhat the World Thinks in 2002. How Global Publics View: Their Lives, Their Countries, the World, America.
SourceReport Pew Global Attitudes Project, 12/04/2002, Pew Research Center, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.people-press.org/files/legacy-pdf/165.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, 44 nations, 2002
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =38263

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 1
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 women
1 Men

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cD%=-
Where women are significantly happer than men
country            men women
%happy               %      %        N
Pakistan            18      34    2032
Japan               31      46     702
Philippines         25      36     700
Argentina           40      50     814
Vietnam             38      48     772
India               13      21    2189
Peru                33      41     700
Guatemala           68      76     500
Indonesia           28      35    1017
Uzbekistan          32      39     700
Senegal             20      27     710
Poland              25      32     500
Turkey              15      21    1005
China               20      26    3000
Lebanon             19      24    1000
Nigeria             34      39    1000
United states       64      68    1501
Mexico              57      61     996
Venezuela           49      53     700
Honduras            57      61     506
South Korea         50      54     719

Countries where women are NOT significantly 
happier than men: Angola, Bangladesh, Bolivia, 
Brazil, Britain, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, 
Egypt, France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Ivory Coast, 
 Jordan, Kenya, Mali, Russia, Slovak Republic, 
South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Ukraine,


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBartram (2013b): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleHappiness among North-to-South Migrants in Europe.
SourceWorking Paper, 16-12-2013, University of Leicester, Department of Sociology, UK
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2290154
DOIDOI:10.2139/ssrn.2290154
Public15+ aged general public, Europe, 2002-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =56395

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 22-24
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distribution47.2% male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.08 p < .000
B controlled for:
- Income
- Age
- Age^2/100
- Education
- Religiosity
- Partner
- Unemployed
- Retired
- Friends
- Health
- Immigrant status
- Survey round


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged, general public, Europe, 13 EU nations, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =64706

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 33, 50, 57
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distribution49% male; SD= 0.49

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.14 p < .001
B controlled for:
- Age and age squared
- Log (Household Income)
- Marital status
- Unemployed
- Country of residence
- Survey year
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.14 p < .001
B additionally controlled for:
- Immigrant status
- Immigrant status*country of residence
- Region of origin


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFerreira et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction and Air Quality in Europe.
SourceIZA DP No. 6732, 2012, Georgia, USA
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913000050
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.027
Public14+ aged, general public, 23 EU nations 2002-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =81326

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 22.23.25
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 male
1 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.11 p < .001
b(0.109) controlled for
-Personal characteristics
  - Income
  - Employment status  
  - Education levels
  - Marital status
  - Age
  - Household size
  - Children
  - Religiosity
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.15 p < .001
	b(0.145) additionally for 
  - self reported health

unaffected by further controlled
  - Size of settlement
  - Climate
  - Nation characteristics
  - Pollution


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002 /2
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged first-generation immigrants, 13 EU-nations, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5094

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 38
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.08 ns
ALL
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.07 ns
<30 YEARS OLDS

B's controlled for:
- Age and age squared
- Household income
- Marital status
- Country of residence
- Migration at young age
- Region of origin
- Year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCurrie et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleYoung People's Health in Context, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study: International Report from the 2001/2002 Survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents No.4
SourceWHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2004.
URLhttp://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/110231/e82923.pdf
Public11,13 and 15 aged, school children, 33 countries and regions, 2001
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =162306

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 57,60
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 girls
1 boys
Observed distributionN Girls Austria 2231, Belgium (Fl) 3293, Belgium (Fr) 2254, Canada 2365, Croatia 2217, Czech Republic 2600, Denmark 2413, England 3138, Estonia 1996, Finland 2675, France 4131, Germany 2864, Greece 1937, Greenland 505, Hungary 2316, Ireland 1573, Israel 3036, Italy 2261, Latvia 1848, Lithuania 2758, Malta 1075, Netherlands 2149, Norway 2469, Poland 3179, Portugal 1521, Russia 4285, Scotland 2258, Slovenia 1960, Spain 2954, Sweden 1948, Switzerland 2370, TFYR Macedonia 2108, Ukraine 2197, US 2703, Wales 1883 N Boys Austria: 2241, Belgium (Fl) 2996, Belgium (Fr) 2069, Canada 1996, Croatia 2180, Czech Republic 2412, Denmark 2259, England 2943, Estonia 1983, Finland 2713, France 4054, Germany 2786, Greece 1870, Greenland 386, Hungary 1848, Ireland 1302, Israel 2625, Italy 2125, Latvia 1633, Lithuania 2887, Malta 905, Netherlands 2120, Norway 2554, Poland 3204, Portugal 1419, Russia 3752, Scotland 2246, Slovenia 1996, Spain 2873, Sweden 1978, Switzerland 2309, TFYR Macedonia 2053, Ukraine 1893, US 2322, Wales 2004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eD%=+
              11 (55503)  13(55987) 15 (50816)
Girls (78936) 87.1        82.5      77.4 
Boys (83370)  88.1        86.9      84.5
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Unicef (2001): study ZZ East Asia 2001
TitleSpeaking Out! Voices of Children and Adolescents in East Asia and the Pacific: Regional Opinion Survey.
SourceUnicef, 2001, Bangkok, Thailand
Public9-17 aged children, 17 countries/regions East Asia and Pacific 2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10073

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Boys
0: Girls
Observed distributionN= Boys: 5023, Girls: 5050

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-eDM=0 ns
Boys      M=3,5   SD=0,55
Girls     M=3,5   SD=0,55
-difference 0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBiswas-Diener et al. (2005): study ZZ Developing nations 2001
TitleMost People are Pretty Happy, but There is Cultural Variation:: The Inughuit, The Amish and the Maasai.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 205 - 226
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10902-005-5683-8
PublicAdults in 3 non-industrial cultures, 200?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =358

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 216
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 = female
1 = male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bDM=- p < .05
Maasai
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bDM=+ p < .05
Inughuit
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bDM=0 ns
Amish


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGraham (2005): study ZZ Latin America 2001
TitleInsights on Development from the Economics of Happiness.
SourceThe World Bank Research Observer, 2005, Vol. 20, 201 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1093/wbro/lki010
Public16+ aged, general public, 17 countries in Latin America, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =18135

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 217
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male
Observed distributionN=15209

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=-.00
B controlled for:
- Country
- Age
- Married
- Log wealth index
- Years of education
- Membership of minority group
- Current occupation
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 582
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 male
1 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.05 ns
All

Beta controlled for
- cultural membership
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.07 p < .01
Beta additionally controlled for
- Cultural membership
- Competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- Self-esteem
- Social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with 
overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
USA
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.05 ns
Singapore

Beta controlled for
- Competence need satisfaction
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress
- Self-esteem
- Social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFine-Davis et al. (2002): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleFathers and Mothers: Dillemmas of the Work-Life Balance. A Comparitive Study in Four European Countries.
SourceKluwer, 2004, Social Indicators Research Series, Volume 21, Dordrecht, Netherlands
PublicDual career parents in four European cities, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 195, 289
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Female,
2: Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-aDM=
Country       Males   Females   Total
France    M=   4.6      4.6       4.6
Italy     M=   4.8      5.0       4.9
Denmark   M=   5.3      5.5       5.4
Ireland   M=   4.9      5.2       5.1
All     M=   4.9      5.1       5.0
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-aF=4,5 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (2000b): study ZZ EU 15 2000 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 54.
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb54/eb54_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0=females
1=males
Observed distributionfemales 52%, males 48%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM= ns
0=females: M=3,01  CI95: 3,00-3,03
1=maleS  : M=3,01  CI95: 2,99-3,03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyWahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 116
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
2: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.11 p < .001
Finland
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
The Netherlands
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Germany
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Hungary
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-b
Italy

Control variables are not reported.

The publication presents only significant Beta's 
(05. Not mentioned Beta's are added to this 
excerpt by WDH-team and assumed to be 
insignificant (ns).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (2000a): study ZZ EU 15 2000
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 53,
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb53/eb53_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16078

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source B2
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males
Observed distributionfemales 52%, males 48%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=+
0:females:  M=2,90  CI95: 2,88-2,91
1:males  :  M=2,92  CI95: 2,90-2,94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2005): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleMobility and the Quality of Life.
SourceMollenkopf, H; et al; Eds.: "Enhanching Mobility in Later Life", IOS Press, 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 279 - 288
Public55+ aged, 6 European Countries, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 284
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-110-aBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- Age 
- SES
- Vision
- Physical mobility
- Visumotoric coordination
- External control belief
- Urban vs rural
- Residential area
- Variety of social network
- Outdoor motivation
- Outdoor mobility
- Quality of life
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyElliott & Hayward (2009): study ZZ World samples 1999
TitleReligion and Life Satisfaction Worldwide: the Role of Government Regulation.
SourceSociology and Religion, 2009, Vol. 70, 285 - 310
DOIDOI:10.1093/socrel/srp028
Public18+aged, general public, 65 countries, 1999-2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =93142

Correlate
Author's labelFemale
Page in Source 298
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female
Observed distributionM=0,52 SD=0,50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.12 p < .01
b controls for individual characteristics:
-age
-education
-married/partnered
-employment status (employed=1)
-religion:
 -religious attendance
 -personal religious identity
 -belong to the largest religious group dummy
 -religious affiliation dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.12 p < .01
b additionally controls for national 
characteristics:
-freedom index (reflects government regulation of 
civil, religious, and political freedom)
-proportion of population in largest religion
-country level religious affiliation dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.10 p < .05
b additionally controls for cross-level 
interactions between:
-freedom index and religious attendance
-freedom index and "am a religious person"

Method used is hierarchical linear modelling.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFahey & Smyth (2004a): study ZZ Europe 1999
TitleThe Link between Subjective Well-Being and Objective Conditions in European Societies.
SourceArts, W.;Halman, L.;Eds.: ''European Values at the Turn of the Millennium'', Brill, 2004, Boston, USA, 57 - 80
Public18+ aged, general public, 33 European nations, 1999-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =39799

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 72
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.04 ns
B controlled for at individual level:
 -employment status
 -marital status
 -age
 -age squared
 -social class
 -individual income.

Unaffected by additional control at country-level 
for:
-GDP per capita
-income inequality
-growth GDP last 10 years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1999): study ZZ EU 15 1999 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 52.
SourceEuropean Commission,1999, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb52/eb52_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15010

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males
Observed distributionfemales 52%, males 48%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM= ns
female: M = 2,98 CI95: 2,96-3,00
male  : M = 3.00 CI95: 2,99-3,01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females
Observed distribution1: 43$, 0: 57%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eDM=0
ALL WORLD REGIONS
- males   M = 2,92
- fmales  M = 2,92
difference    0
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eDM=+
WESTERN-Europe and USA
- males   M = 3,05
- fmales  M = 3,04
difference   +0,01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eDM=0
CENTRAL and EASTERN EUROPE
- males   M = 2,92
- fmales  M = 2,92
difference    0
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eDM=+
PACIFIC ASIA
- males   M = 2,48
- fmales  M = 2,16
difference   +0,32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRodriguez-Pose & Maslauskaite (2011): study ZZ 1999
TitleCan Policy make us Happier? Individual Characteristics,Socioeconomic Factors and Life Satisfaction in Central and Eastern Europe.
SourceImedea Working Paper Series 2011.19, 2011, Madrid, Spain
URLhttps://cjres.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/12/16/cjres.rsr038
DOIdoi: 10.1093/cjres/rsr038
Public15+ aged, general public, 10 Central and Eastern European Nations, 1999, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 8, 9
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Remarks
Order changed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.20 p < .001
1999
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.26 p < .001
2008

B’s controlled for:
-Individual characteristics:
  -Health
  -Income
  -Age
  -Married
  -No. Of children
  -Unemployed
  -Retired
  -Student
  -Self-employed
  -LT unemployment
  -Secondary education
  -Tertiary education
  -Big city
  -Remote area

No significant change when additionally controlled 
for:
-National characteristics:
  -GDP per capita
  -Interpersonal inequality 
  -Inflation
  -Unemployment 
  -Government expenditure
  -Corruption WB
  -Corruption TI
  -Health benefits	
  -Pension benefits
  -Unemployment benefits


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1998): study ZZ EU 15 1998
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 49.
SourceEuropean Commssion, 1998, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://europa.eu/comm/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb49/eb49_en.htm
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16165

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source B.59
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males
Observed distributionfemales 52%, males 48%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM= ns
0:females: M = 2,90 CI95 2,88-2,92
1:males  : M = 2,94 CI95 2,92-2,96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBjornskov et al. (2007): study ZZ 1997
TitleThe Bigger the Better? Evidence of the Effect of Government Size on Life Satisfaction around the World.
SourcePublic Choice, 2007, Vol. 130, 267 - 292
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11127-006-9081-5
Public18+ aged, general public, 74 nations, 1997-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =120000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 10
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males
Observed distribution0: 50%; 1: 50%
Remarks
Source: World Values Survey 1997-2001.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aD%=- p < .05
% very happy
-females     43,4%
-males       42,4%
difference    -1,0%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBjornskov et al. (2008): study ZZ 1997 /1
TitleCross-Country Determinants of Life Satisfaction: Exploring Different Determinants across Groups in Society.
SourceSocial Choice and Welfare, 2008, Vol. 30, 119 - 173
DOIDOI:10,1007/s00355-007-0225-4
Public18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1997-2000
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =87748

Correlate
Author's labelmale
Page in Source 137
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: woman
1:   man

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 p < .05
Individual happiness (not average) by being male 
(compared to female).

Beta controlled for other individual level 
variables:
- religion
- conservative ideology
- confidence in parliament
- trust most people
- income
- age
- education
- marital status
- children
- selfemployed
- housewife
- retired
- student
- unemployed
- service attendance (church etc.)
- belief in superior being
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.05 p < .01
Beta additionally controlled for aggregated 
variables at country level:
- infant mortality
- years of independence
- share of catholics
- share of protestants
- bicameral system
- openness to trade
- investment price level
- postcommunist
- Asia
- Latin America
- Africa
- Middle East and North Africa


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1997): study ZZ EU 15 1997 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 47.
SourceEuropean Commission,1997, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb47/eb47_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1997
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source B2
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:females
1:males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM= ns
0:females: M= 2,92  CI95: 2,90-2,94
1:males  : M= 2,92  CI95: 2,90-2,94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRuprah & Luengas (2011): study ZZ Latin America 1997
TitleMonetary Policy and Happiness: Preferences over Inflation and Unemployment in Latin America.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2011, Vol. 40 , 59 - 66
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2010.08.001
Public15+ aged, general public in 17 Latin American nations, 1997-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =120000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 60
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: males
0: females
Remarks
Data: Latin-Barometer

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.02 p < .05
OPRC (-0.0215)controlled for:
-Country level:
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
-Individual level:
  - size of the city
  - wealth
  - age
  - education
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - maximum inflation rate experienced(age 18+)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRuprah (2010): study ZZ Latin America 1997
TitleDoes Owning Your Home Make You Happier? Impact Evidence from Latin America.
SourceWorking Paper OVE/WP-02-10, Inter-American Development Bank, 2010, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/idb/ovewps/0210.html
Public18+ aged, general public, Latin America, 1997-2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =147446

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cOLRC=+.02 p < .05
OLRC controlled for:
- GDP per capita
- country 
- year
- size of city
- socio-demographic characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - economic situation
- homeownership


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBall & Chernova (2008): study ZZ 1995 /1
TitleAbsolute Income, Relative Income, and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 497 - 529
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9217-0
Public18+ aged, general public, 18 nations, 1995-1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =20771

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 514
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.01 p < .37
Beta controlled for:
-Interaction between relative and absolute income
-Individual variables
  -Income
  -Marital status
  -Age
  -Children
  -Employment status
  -Health
  -Religion
-Country (dummies)

No difference if controlled for country variables 
instead of dummies.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBenesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1
TitleTV Channels, Self Control and Happiness.
SourcePaper International Conference "Policies for Happiness", 2007, Siena, Italy
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/benesch_c_2007.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response3.3%
Respondents N =72012

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 Male (reference)
0 Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.00 ns
B (-0.003) controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the 
country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - age, age,squared
  - residence
  - employmnet
  - education
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - number of channels
  - average TV viewing time in country (in 
minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey

Female are happier 0.3% insignificantly.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.07 p < .01
B (-0.067) without additional control for
- national characteristics
  - number of channels
  - average TV viewing time in country (in 
minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey

Female are happier 6.7% significantly.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyWelzel & Inglehart (2010): study ZZ World samples 1995
TitleAgency, Values, and Well-Being: A Human Development Model
SourceJournal of happiness Studies, 2010, Vol. 97, 43 - 63
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9557-z
Public18+ aged, general public, 89 nations, 1995-2005
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =250000

Correlate
Author's labelFemale sex
Page in Source 59
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 p < .001
INDIVIDUAL happiness by gender in 76 nations

b controls for:
-societal characteristics
 -Western tradition
 -agentic life strategies
-individual characteristics
 -biological age
 -female sex
 -income level
 -education level
-interaction between societal characteristics 
(agentic strategy and Western tradition) with 
individual characteristics:
 -communion emphasis (people's emphasis on family 
and friends as important life domains)
 -monetary saturation (satisfaction with financial 
situation of household)
 -agency feeling
 -agency feeling*monetary saturation
 -agency feeling*communion
 -communion*monetary saturation

Method used is hierarchical linear modeling.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyPeiro (2006): study ZZ 1995
TitleHappiness, Satisfaction and Socio- Economic Conditions: Some International Evidence.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 348 - 356
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.042
Public16+ aged, general public, 16 nations, 1995
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =16000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Women (reference)
1: Men

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.07 ns
Argentina
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.40 ns
Australia
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+,26 ns
Chile
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.40 p < .01
China
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.07 ns
Dominican Republic
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.47 p < .01
Finland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.47 p < .01
Japan
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.25 p < .05
Nigeria
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.25 ns
Peru
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.02 ns
Russia
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-,07 ns
Spain
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.39 p < .05
Sweden
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.18 ns
Taiwan
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.04 ns
USA
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.21 ns
Venezuela
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.04 ns
Argentina
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.33 p < .01
Australia
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=+.24 ns
Chile
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.20 p < .05
China
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=+.30 ns
Dominican Republic
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.78 p < .01
Finland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=+.02 ns
Japan
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.32 p < .01
Nigeria
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.06 ns
Peru
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=+.10 ns
Russia
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.13 ns
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.13 ns
Sweden
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.34 p < .05
Taiwan
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.19 ns
USA
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.02 ns
Venezuela 

OLRC controlled for:
-age
-health
-number of children
-marital status
-size of town
-education
-labor market status
-income.

OLRC (Ordered Logit Regression Coefficient) cannot 
be interpreted as an absolute effect-size. The 
coefficients only denote relative differences in 
correlation and whether the correlations are 
negative or positive. E.g.  in Finland men are 
less happy than women and in Chile men are happier 
than women.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study ZZ OECD member states 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, 32 OECD member states,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92338

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 12, 14,15,20
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Remarks
Operationalization recoded by WDH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.07 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL gender
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.12 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.08 ns
AVERAGE happiness by gender COMPOSITION in nation

Beta's controlled for:
  - individual characteristics
     - income
     - poverty
     - self rated health
     - employment status
     - education
     - freedom of choice
     - trust in people
     - friends
     - age
     - divorced
     - number of children
  - national characteristics
     - national unemployment rate  
     - air pollution
     - national corruption


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyOliver et al. (1996): study ZZ Western nations 1993
TitleQuality of Life and Mental Health Services.
SourceRoutledge, 1996. London, UK
PublicChronic mental patients, UK, USA, 1993-1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response2,6%
Respondents N =1430

Correlate
Author's labelAge male
Page in Source 257-267
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
a; very happy
b: pretty happy
c: not happy
d: don't know

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=
   Male     Female
SD 27.98    27.32
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-cDM=
   Male    Female
SD 4,27    4.22
O-HL-c-rdv-v-4-aDM=
   Male     Female
a:  5.9%      5.4%
b: 27.0%    24.5%
c: 13.7%    11.8%
d:  5.7%     5.9%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHayo (2007): study ZZ Eastern Europe 1991
TitleHappiness in Transition: An Emprical Study on Eastern Europe.
SourceEconomic Sytsems, 2007, Vol. 31, 204 - 222
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecosys.2006.08.003
Public18+ aged, general public, Eastern European Countries, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 207,210
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male
Observed distribution0: M=0,53; SD=0,50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-br=-.01
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.04 ns
lgt controlled for:                  SE = .06
- country
- age
- marital status
- education
- type of employment
- income
- community size
- church attendance
- religion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHessami (2009): study ZZ Western Europe 1990
TitleThe Size and Composition of Government Spending in Europe and its Impact of Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 2009, University of Konstanz, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/hessami_z_2009.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 12 European nations, 1990-2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153268

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 18+15, 2x model 5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Female
1: Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.04 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- individual level
  - age
  - relative income
  - ideological preferences
  - marital status
  - education
  - employment status
  - number of children
- national level
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
  - total government expenditures
  - public education expenditures
  - public social protection expenditures
  - public health expenditures

Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: 
OPRC= -0,075


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =259947

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: female
1: male
Observed distributionRange 0-1, M=0.48 SD= 0.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-1.1
B (-1,11) controlled for: 
- member of voluntary organization
- active in voluntary organization 
- income
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- age
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B means 1,11 point lower happiness on scale 10-100 
of males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Low Income Countries: Positional, Relational and Social Capital Compnents.
SourceStudi e Note di Economica, vol. 5, nr 3, pp 449-477
URLhttp://www.mps.it/nr/rdonlyres/4407ffbe-7442-490c-ad49-c03f0cbbb027/34058/sarracino.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 461,466,467
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionM= 41.18, SD=16.33

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.19 p < .01
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.24 p < .01
High income nations

OLRC's controlled for:
- socio-demographic aspects:
  - age
  - education
  - employment 
  - marital status
- wealth
  - income
  - subjective health
- relational goods
  - time spend in social contacts
  - memberships of voluntary organizations
- social capital
  - perceived freedom and control
  - trust in people
  - honesty
- positional goods
  - social class
  - income quintile


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyRadcliff (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleClass Organization and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 513 - 530
Public15+ aged, general public, 17 developed nations, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =17000

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 519-521+526
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1:male
2:female
Remarks
1990 World Values Survey (CPSR 6160) v353

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.06 p < .05
b (0,06023)controlled for
National characteristics:
-union density
-social democracy
-culture
-GDP per capita
-unemployment

Individual characteristics:
-union membership
-marital status
-education
-age
-age squared
-number of children
-home life quality
-income
-unemployed
-church attendance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCargan et al. (1989): study ZZ East-West pairs 1987
TitleLeisure Time and Happiness: A Crosscultural Comparison of East and West.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Wright State University, 1989, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/cargan_l_1989A.pdf
Public21+ aged, married, Japan and USA, 1987
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-3-aG=+.11 p < .05
M-TH-g-sq-v-3-atau=+.03 ns
Japan: % happy
 - males   82
 - females 80

M-TH-g-sq-v-3-aG=+.24 p < .05
M-TH-g-sq-v-3-atau=+.06 p < .05
USA: % happy
 - males   91
 - females 86


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 164
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVerme (2008): study ZZ World samples 1981
TitleThe Role of Freedom and Control in Explaining Happiness.
SourceLegatum Institute, " The 2008 Legatum Prosperity Index report. Methodology, Data and Findings" , 2008, Dubai, United Arabic Emirats, 78 - 98
Public18+ aged, general public, 74 countries, 1981-2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 94
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=-.05 p < .001
INDIVIDUAL happiness by gender

In pooled data set:
OLRC controls for:
- individual characteristics
   -income (rank and squared rank)
   -employment
   -gender
   -age (and age squared)
   -tertiary education
   -maried
   -attitudes
    -about cheating on taxes
    -trust in people
    -trust in institutions
    -importance of family
    -importance of work
    -importance of religion
    -importance of politics
-national characteristics
 -GDP (and GDP squared)
 -employment rate (and squared)
-year fixed effects
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-
In 74 nations separately.
Significantly negative in 20 nations.
Significantly positive in 2 nations.
Not significant in other nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /1
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0  Female
1  Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02
EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDMt=+
EC (stratified sample)
Female            Mt' = 6.67
Male              Mt' = 6.78
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=
In none of the european countries, ß weights of 
this variable reached .10 level in multiple 
regression analysis, when controlling for:
life satisfaction (HAPP 2.1), affect (AFF 2.3);
satisfaction with income, health and family life;
age, income, male sex, marital status, having 
children, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, 
own home, religiousness, social participation; 
uncertainty about future, expected negative 
changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past 
and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, 
hopeless about life and sense of control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyLuechinger (2010): study ZZ Europe 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Transboundary Air Pollution.
SourceEconomics Letters, 2010, Vol.107, 4 - 6
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165176509002390
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2009.07.007
Public14+ aged, general public EU nations 1979-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =223982

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 5
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1:  Male
0:  Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=-.04 p < .01
b (-0,037) controled for:
- household income
- household size
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - marital status
  - children
  - employment status
  - education
  - rural/urban living
- Country characteristics
  - real GDP
  - unemployment rate
  - % GDP agrarian
  - % GDP industrial
  - % GDP FDI flows
  - urbanization
- Climate
  - % cloudy per month
  - rain
  - temperature
  - vapor pressure
- Country effects
- Year effects

Similar results in analysis using:
- Probit Adjusted OLS (POLS)
- Instrumental Variable (VI)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976e): study ZZ Latin America 1976 /1
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Latin America: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976c.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Latin America, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =2059

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source nn
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN= 1:1015, 0:1036

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=-
1:M =        5,65 [CI95 5,51-5,80] SD 2,35
0:M =        6,32 [CI95 6,19-6,45] SD 2,11
-difference -0,67 [CI95 -0,86 -0,48]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=-
1:M =        1,98 [CI95 1,93-2,03] SD 0,79
0:M =        2,10 [CI95 2,05-2,15] SD 0,76
-difference -0,12 [CI95 -0,19 -0,06]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=-
1:M =        6,65 [CI95 6,51-6,79] SD 2,27
0:M =        6,94 [CI95 6,81-7,08] SD 2,27
-difference -0,29 [CI95 -0,49 -0,09]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976c): study ZZ South Sahara Africa 1976
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Africa: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976i.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, sub Sahara African countries, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =914

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source nn
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN= 1:454, 0:457

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=- ns
1: M        = 4,26 [CI95 4,05-4,46] SD 2,19
0: M        = 4,95 [CI95 4,78-5,12] SD 1,88
-difference - 0,69 [CI95 -0,96 -0,43]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=- ns
1: M        = 1,72 [CI95 1,66-1,78] SD 0,65 
0: M        = 1,99 [CI95 1,93-2,06] SD 0,70
-difference  -0,27 [CI95 -0,36 -0,18]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=- ns
1: M        = 4,51 [CI95 4,31-4,70] SD 2,15 
0: M        = 5,25 [CI95 5,06-5,43] SD 2,05 
-difference - 0,74 [CI95 -1,01 -0,47]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976d): study ZZ East Asia 1976 /2
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Far East: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976e.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Far East countries, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =872

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source nn
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN= 1:477, 0:394

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=+
1:M =        4,07 [CI95 3,87-4,26] SD 2,17
0:M =        4,01 [CI95 3,78-4,23] SD 2,29
-difference +0,06
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=+
1:M =        1,60 [CI95 1,55-1,66] SD 0,62
0:M =        1,53 [CI95 1,47-1,59] SD 0,63
-difference +0,07 [CI05 -0,01 +0,16]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=-
1:M =        4,23 [CI95 4,03-4,42] SD 2,18
0:M =        4,33 [CI95 4,10-4,57] SD 2,37
-difference -0,10 [CI95 -0,41 +0,20]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDiTella & MacCulloch (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1975
TitleGross National Happiness as an Answer to the Easterlin Paradox?
SourceJournal of Development Economics, 2008, Vol. 86, 22 - 42
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2007.06.2008
Public15+ aged, general public, OECD Nations, 1975-1997
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =371149

Correlate
Author's labelMale
Page in Source 29
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.07 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness by individual's gender 
OPRC (-0.071) controlled for:
-National characteristics:
  -GDP per capita
  -GDP growth
  -life expectancy
  -Sox emissions
  -hours worked
  -crime rate
  -divorce rate
  -inflation rate
  -unemployment rate
  -openness
  -unemployment benefits
-Personal characteristics:
  -personal income position
  -employment state
  -age
  -age squared
  -education
  -marital status
  -size of community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study ZZ EU 9 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =9605

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 139/153
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.04 p < . 05
Age 15-24: G' = -.23 (01)
Age 25-54: G' = -.04 (ns)
Age 55+  : G' = +.09 (01)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.07 p < . 01
Age 15-24: G' = -.05 (ns)
Age 25-54: G' = +.05 (ns)
Age 55+  : G' = +.15 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMitchell (1972): study ZZ 1967
TitleLevels of Emotional Strain in East Asian Cities.
SourceAsian Folklore & Social Life Monographs, The Orient Cultural Service, 1972, Taipei, Formosa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/mitchell_re_1972.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 4 big cities South East Asia, 1967-1968
Sample
Non-Responseranges from 7.6% to 44%
Respondents N =6827

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aG=+.05 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBortner et al. (1974): study ZZ Various nation sets 1962
TitleA Cross-Cultural Study of the Effects of Children on Parental Assessment of Past, Present and Future.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1974, Vol. 36, 370 - 378
Public21+ aged, married, Dominican Republic, Yugoslavia, Panama, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4113

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 375
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Observed distributionN= 1: 2409, 0: 1704.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=- p < .01
Children absent:
1:        M = 2,79
0:        M = 4,98
-difference - 2,19
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=- p < .01
Children present:
1:        M = 3,05
0:        M = 3,69
-difference - 0,64


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCaudill & Weinstein (1969): study ZZ East-West pairs 1961
TitleMaternal Care and Infant Behavior in Japan and America.
SourcePsychiatry, 1969, Vol. 32, 12 - 43
DOIdoi: 10.1177/0022002186017003001
PublicInfants and first born in intact middle class families, Japan and USA, 1961-64
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =60

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 218
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mi-tsb-v-0-arpc=+ ns
Hedonic level assessed by time sampling of happy 
and unhappy vocal utterances.

-Happy vocal    rpc=+.14 (ns)
-Unhappy vocal  rpc=-.03 (ns)

Rpc controlled for nationality (American or 
Japanese) and father's occupation (salaried or 
independent).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBohn (1972): study ZZ Various nation sets 1960
TitleThe Effect of Children upon Life Satisfaction. A Thesis in Child Development and Family Relationships.
SourceUnpublished Master Thesis, Pennsylvania State University, 1972, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bohn_cj_1972.pdf
Public21+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, Panama and Yugoslavia, ± 1960
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5228

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 31
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=- p < .01
Stronger among those who have no children:
Lower among those who have children:


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 259
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female 
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.04 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVanDongen & De Graaf (2012): study NL 2012 /1
TitleDe Gelukkige Dokter (The happy doctor)
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 2012, 1 - 15
URLhttps://www.ntvg.nl/artikelen/de-gelukkige-dokter/icmje
PublicMedical doctors and students, The Netherlands, 2012
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =401

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Observed distribution1: 41%, 0: 59%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aDM=+
Males     M = 7,6
Females   M = 7,5
- difference +0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGokdemir & Dumludag (2012): study NL 2010
TitleLife Satisfaction Among Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in the Netherlands: The Role of Absolute and Relative Income.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 06, 407 - 417
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11205-011-9815-8
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s1120501198158
PublicAdults, Turkish and Moroccan immigrants, The Netherlands, 2010
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =207

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 4, 7
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Observed distributionN= Turkish 65 males, 46 females; Moroccan 41 males, 55 females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aDM=±
                   TURKISH  MOROCCAN
male:          M=  6.54     6.65
female:        M=  6.29     7.65
 - difference:    -0.11    +1.36
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.46 ns
Turkish immigrants
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-1.7 p < .01
Moroccan immigrants

B's controlled for:
- Income(Absolute)
- Income(Relative)
- Marital satus
- Generation
- Education
- Religion
- Perceived Discrimination


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVanBeuningen & Kloosterman (2011): study NL 2009
TitleSubjectief Welzijn: Welke Factoren spelen een Rol? (Subjective Well-Being, Which Factores are Important?)
SourceBevolkingstrends, 4e kwartaal 2011, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), Netherlands
URLhttps://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/50FF24EA-D783-40E4-B13C-9D7CAF89E8E7/0/2011k4p85b15art.pdf
Publicaged 18+, Netherlands, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6878

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 92,89
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0; female
1: male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dD%=+
0: 87%
1: 90%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+
0: 87%
1: 88%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-db=+.09
B's controled for:
- household income per year
- holiday
- financial independancy
- health
- scholing
- socio-economic category
- trust in parliament
- participation in societies
- contact with family
- contact with friends
- social trust
- having partner
- children in household
- feelings in unsafety
- community feeling
- urbanity
- age
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-db=-.07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVanVaalen (2010): study NL 2009
TitleGeluk op School. (Happiness at School).
SourceMaster Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, 2010, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vanvaalen_m_2010.pdf
PublicSchoolchildren aged 9-12, the Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =718

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 33,34
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Girls
1 Boys
Observed distribution0 = 53, 1 = 54

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-f-5-aDM=- ns
Girls      M = 4,27 
Boys       M = 3,85
- difference   -,42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyPrins (2008): study NL 2007
TitleDe Deugd van Tegenwoordig. Onderzoek naar Jongeren en hun Grenzen. ( Virtue today; a study on risk behavior among younsters).
SourceResearch Report 2008, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/prins_m_2008.pdf
Public12-18 aged, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15116

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 5, 6, 7 + additional
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:Girls
1:Boys
Observed distributionN= 0: 6520, 1: 6424

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=-
Girls       M=  7.55
Boys        M=  7.87
difference    - 0.32
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aE²=.106
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=-
Autochtone girls(N= 6221)  M= 7.55
Autochtone boys (N= 6154)  M= 7.88
difference                    -.33
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aE²=.118
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aDM=-
Allochtone girls (N= 300)   M= 7.38
Allochtone boys  (N= 271)   M= 7.55
difference                     -.17
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aE²=.118


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySpijkerboer et al. (2006): study NL 2006
TitleHealth-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents after Invasive Treatment for Congenital Hearth Disease.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2006, Vol. 5, 663 - 673
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-005-3692-z
PublicChildren treated for heart disease 8 years ago, Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response27%
Respondents N =113

Correlate
Author's labelboys/girls
Page in Source 667
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 girls
2 boys

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM=-
Self rating of heart-patients (N = 113)
                girls    boys     difference
                M = 1,0  M = 0,9  DM = -0,1
A-AB-cm-rdf-v-3-aDM=-
Parent rating of heart-patients (N = 113)
                M = 2,2  M = 1,8  DM = -0,4
A-AB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM=+
Self rating of healthy controls (N = 2324)
                M = +0,1  M = -0,1  DM = -0,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBoelhouwer (2009): study NL 2006
TitleBedrieglijke Vrouwen. (Fallacious Women).
SourceSchnabel, P.; Ed.: "M/V," Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | SCP), 2009, 124 - 129
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =9607

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 125
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=+
Females    = 81 %
Males      = 83 %
Difference =+ 2%
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=-
Females    = 7,7
Males      = 7,6
Difference =-0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDeJonge et al. (2009): study NL 2006
TitleLiving a Happy, Healthy and Satisfying Life.
SourceStatisics Netherlands, 2009, Netherlands
URLHTTP://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/63/3/43705841.pdf
Public12+ aged, The Netherlands, 2006-2009
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23000

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 1 + 6
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: Women
1: Men

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=
% happy
0 = 88.1%
1 = 89.9%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=
0 = 88.9%
1 = 87.6%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyOosterhof (2008): study NL 2005
TitleMaakt Vrije Tijd Gelukkig? De Invloed van Vrije Tijd op Geluksbeleving van Nederlanders. (Does Leisure Time make You Happy? The Influence of Leisure Time on the Happiness Experience of the Dutch).
SourceMaster Thesis, Faculty Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/oosterhof_sf_2008.pdf
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response11%
Respondents N =2204

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 33
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females (reference category)
1 Males
Observed distributionN = 0: 887 1: 1077

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%= ns
             Males   Females
Very happy    24%       25%
Happy         68%       67%
Not happy      8%        8%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=-
      UNHAPPY (vs happy)  VERY HAPPY (vs happy)
      observed controlled  observed  controlled
Males   1,02    1,32       0,96       0,95
Females 1       1          1          1

Control variables are:
- education
- situation
- family stage
- urban living environment
- self reported health
- self reported stress


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyWetsteijn (2008): study NL 2004
TitleHet Goede Leven: de Relatie tussen Geluk en Leefstijl in Nederland. (The Good Life: the Relation between Happiness and Lifestyle in the Netherlands.)
SourceMaster Thesis, 2008, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wetsteijn_j_2008.pdf
Public15-80 aged, Netherlands, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1693

Correlate
Author's labelSexe
Page in Source 13
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 = male
0 = female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-cr=-.05 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMerens (2007): study NL 2004
TitleHet Geluk van de Marokkaanse Vrouw. (The Happiness of Maroccan Wifes.)
SourceSchnabel, P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in 2007", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 34 - 37
URLhttps://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_2007/Veel_geluk_in_2007
Public15-64 aged, living in cities, Netherlands, 2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response49-62%
Respondents N =4096

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 35
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: woman
2: man
Observed distributionN. 1: (woman) ?; 2: (men) ?.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Female         M = 2,89
Male           M = 2,93
Difference        +0,04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDMt=+ p < .05
females:    Mt = 7,65  CI95 [7,62-7,68]
males  :    Mt = 7,73  CI95 [7,70-7,76]
difference  Mt = 0,08  CI95 [0,06-0,09]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDMt=- p < .05
females:    Mt = 5,88  C195 [5,93-5,84] 
males  :    Mt = 5,83  C195 [5,87-5,78]
Difference  Mt = 0,06  CI95 [0,04-0,08]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDemerouti et al. (2005): study NL 2002
TitleSpillover and Crossover of Exhaustion and Life Satisfaction among Dual-Earning Parents.
SourceJournal of Vocational Behavior, 2005, Vol. 67, 266 - 289
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jvb.2004.07.001
PublicDual-earning parents of young children, the Netherlands, 2000
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response59 %
Respondents N =382

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 275,277
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-aDM=+ ns
- males      = 7.86 SD = 1,13
- females    = 7.69 SD = 1,19
Difference = +.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 142 + 147
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:Females
1:Males
Observed distributionfemales 56,7%; males 43,3%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.02 ns
Native Dutch (N=697)
F:     Mean 7,56  SE:0,07
M:     Mean 7,58  SE:0,09
Difference +0,02
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.02 ns
Surinamese/Antilleans in the Netherlands (N=687)
F:    Mean  7,35  SE:0,07
M:    Mean  7,37  SE:0,08
Difference +0,02
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=-.04 ns
Maroccans in the Netherlands (N=423)
F:    Mean  7,41  SE:0,10
M:    Mean  7,37  SE:0,09
Difference -0,04
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.18 ns
Turks in the Netherlands (N=676)
F:    Mean  7,05  SE:0,07
M:    Mean  7,23  SE:0,08
Difference +0,18
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.04 p < .10
Females (vs. Males)
Beta controlled for:
-ethnic groups
-education
-age
-smoking
-overweight
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total outsourcing expenditures
-total household and caretime
-homeownership
-living in urbanm area
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTerBogt et al. (2003): study NL 2001
TitlePsychische Gezondheid, Risicogedrag en Welbevinden van Nederlandse Scholieren. ( Psychlogical Health, Risk Behavior and Well-Being of Dutch Adolescents).
SourceResearch Report Trimbos Institute, University of Utrecht, 2003, Utrecht, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/terbogt_t_2003.pdf
Public11-15 aged schoolchildren, the Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7556

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 13,39
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 = Girl
1 = Boy
Observed distributionboys 51% girls 49 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aD%=
% score on happiness scale
    Boys Girls
0   0,3  0,2 (ns)
1   0,1  0,3 (ns)
2   0,3  0,5 (ns)
3   0,5  1,0 (ns)
4   1,0  1,4 (ns)
5   2,2  4,0 (05)
6   5,2  6,3 (ns)
7  16,5 16,1 (ns)
8  29,3 26,1 (ns)
9  23,2 25,8 (ns)
10 21,6 18,2 (ns)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=-
           Primary     Secondary school
Boys       M = 8,6     8,1
Girls      M = 8,6     7,8
Difference     0,0     0,3
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aOR=1,44 p < .05
Boys
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aOR=1 ns
Girls

OR is chance of being happy (score 7 or higher)
OR controlled for:
- age
- ethnicity
- schooltype

OR reversed, in paper reported as chance of being 
UNhappy.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 10,28
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males
Observed distributionUrban 0 = 56%; 1 = 44%; Rural 0 = 51,1 %; 1 = 48,9 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBergsma et al. (2011a): study NL 1996 /1
TitleMost People with Mental Disorders are Happy: A 3-year Follow-Up in the Dutch General Population.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, Vol. 6, 253 - 259
DOIDOI:10.1080/17439760.2011.577086
Public18-65 aged, diagnosed as having mental disorder, Netherlands, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =1138

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 15
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 male
0 female
Observed distribution1: 49,2%; 0: 50,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ab=-.06 ns
CI95 [-.09- +0.21]

B controlled for:
-age
-education
-living with partner
-employment
-urbanicity
-kind of disorder
-number of disorders
-role functioning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDeGraaf (2006): study NL 1996
TitleSexual Preference and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Analysis of Nemesis Dataset, Trimbos Institute, 2006, Utrecht, Netherlands
PublicHomo- and heterosexual men and women, The Netherlands 1996
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response7
Respondents N =7069

Correlate
Author's labelGender, women and men
Page in Source all
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: women
1: men
Observed distributionN = Women: 3118; Men: 2877
Remarks
Only Ss who responded to question about sexual activity 
in the last year. Missing values women: 17,4% (=655) 
Missing values   men: 12,9% (=426)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+,10 p < .00000
Women:     M = 4,80 SD = 1,01 
Men:       M = 4,90 SD = 1,02 
Difference    +0,10
CI95: [+0,05 - +0,15]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGuven (2009b): study NL 1993
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =4500

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 42,48
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: Male
0: Female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Male:      M = 4
Female:    M = 4,04
- Difference - 0,04
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.25
Male (vs Female)

OLRCs controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force status
  - marital status
  - household size
  - income
  - health status
  - age
  - parental status
- province
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySpruijt (1997): study NL 1992
TitleStepfamily Lifestyles and Adolecent Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceJournal of Divorce and Remarriage, 1997, Vol. 26, 137 -153
Public12 - 24 aged children of divorce, 1992, The Netherlands
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response26,1 %
Respondents N =114

Correlate
Author's labelboys/girls
Page in Source 149
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: girls
2: boys

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-sq-l-11-aBeta=-.15 p < .05
Beta controlled for: 
- stepfamily lifestyle (traditionalism)
- time since (step)family formation
- stepmother/stepfather family
- frequency of contact with nonresident parent
- social class stepfamily
- age
- educational level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDeVries et al. (1994): study NL 1992
TitleMaatschappelijke Participatie van Alleenstaanden. (Social Participation of Singles).
SourceSWOKA, Institute for Comsumer Research,1994, Report Nr. 143, The Hague, Netherlands
Public30-65 aged singles, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =460

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 117
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male
Observed distributionFemales: N = 249, Males: N = 205

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+
females: M = 3,96 (CI95 3,84-4,08)
males:   M = 4.12 (CI95 4,00-4,24)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDykstra & Liefbroer (1998): study NL 1992
TitleKinderloos en toch Gelukkig? (Childless but Still Happy?)
SourceMens en Maatschappij, 1998, Vol. 73, 108 - 129
Public55-89 aged, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38,3
Respondents N =3729

Correlate
Author's labelfemale/male
Page in Source 122,123
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0: females
1: males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aDM=0
Females:     M = 4,1
Males:       M = 4,1
- difference     0,0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySmits et al. (1995): study NL 1992
TitleWell-being and control in older persons: The prediction of well-being from control measures.
SourceIntenational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1995, Vol. 40, 237 - 251
DOIDOI: 10.2190/JH5F-2XWH-Y101-7EWF
PublicElderly, Sassenheim, the Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response24,4%
Respondents N =119

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 240, 243, 246
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0. Female
1. Male
Observed distributionN= 0: 60, 1: 54
Remarks
Multiple regression based on only 30 Ss.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-gDM=- ns
females:   M=27.97 (sd=3.76)
males:     M=26.94 (sd=3.74)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-gBeta=-.15 ns
Beta controlled for
- sense of coherence
- neuroticism
- mastery
- social inadequacy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~CBS (1992): study NL 1991
TitleLeefsituatie van de Nederlands Bevolking 1991. Kerncijfers. (Lifesituation of the Dutch 1991.)
SourceS.D.U./C.B.S. Publications, 1992, The Hague, Netherlands
Public13+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6061

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 58,59
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 females
1 males
Observed distributionN: females=3448 ; males=2613

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+
% very satisfied
- all     54%
- females 52%
- males   55%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=+
% very happy
- all     88%
- females 87%
- males   90%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyGreaves-Otte et al. (1991): study NL 1990
TitleProblems at Social Re-Integration of Long-Term Cancer Survivors.
SourceEuropean Journal of Cancer, 1991, Vol. 27, 178 - 181
DOIdoi:10.1016/0277-5379(91)90482-S
PublicEx-cancer patients, the Netherlands, 1987
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response127
Respondents N =649

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 181
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 women
1 men
Observed distributionN= 0: 467; 1: 182
Remarks
General population data taken from Statitics 
Netherlands (CBS 1987), N = Women:2008, Men: 1942

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aDM=-
              Ex-         General    Difference
              patients    population
Females       M= 1.1      M= 1.8     -0.7
Males         M= 1.4      M= 2.1     -0.7
- difference  - 0.3        -0.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1017

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0   female
1   male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
0       M=7.83      Mt=7.6
1       M=7.86      Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
0       M=1.75      Mt=6.7
1       M=1.91      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
0       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for age and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.00 ns
ß controlled for age and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Algemeen Dagblad (1988): study NL 1988
TitleActualiteitsmeting Geluk in Nederland. (Actual Measurement of Happiness in the Netherlands).
SourceUnpublished Research Report i.o.o. Algemeen Dagblad, 1988, Centrum voor Marketing Analyse & Sociaal Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~AlgemeenDagblad_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source t28
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0. Female 
1. Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-bG=+.39 p < .01
% happy
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-btc=+.08 p < .01
Females 85
Males   93


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1988
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female 
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudySoons (2006): study NL 1987
TitleHet Geluk van de Happy Single. (The Happiness of the Happy Single).
SourceDemos, 2006, Vol. 10, 75 - 77
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 26, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1775

Correlate
Author's labelSexe (gender)
Page in Source 76
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males
Remarks
Assessed at T1 + T2 (merged file)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-7-aDM=-
Females
- Living with partner    M = 7,7
- Single                 M = 6,7 
  - no earlier relation  M = 7
  - earlier relation
    - ex living apart    M = 6,9
    - ex living together M = 6
 
Males
- Living with partner    M = 7,5
- Single                 M = 6,5 
  - no earlier relation  M = 6,6
  - earlier relation
    - ex living apart    M = 6,8
    - ex living together M = 5,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVanSluijs (2004): study NL 1987
TitleEffecten van Levenslooptransities op de Tevredenheid van Jong Volwassenen. (Effects of Lifecourse Transition on Satisfaction of Adolescents).
SourceMaster thesis, University Tilburg, 2004, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vansluijs_J_2004.pdf
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 30, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36,6% (baseline)
Respondents N =836

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 45, 52, 62
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN = Males T1:873, T3: 609, T4: 448, T5: 377 Total: 2307 Females T1: 877, T3:647, T4: 488, T5: 453 Total: 2465

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-aDMt=-
        T1        T3        T4        T5
        Mt   SD   Mt   SD   Mt   SD   Mt   SD
Males   7,07 1,87 7,22 1,79 7,37 1,74 7,69 1,62
Females 7,42 1,94 7,70 1,73 7,60 1,97 7,74 1,97
Differ- +0,35*    +0,48*    +0,23(ns) +0,05(ns)
ence

           Total
           Mt   SD
Males      7,27 1,80
Females    7,59 1,86
Difference +0.32 *

* signicance p <.05
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.56 p < .001
B controlled for personal characteristics:
- age 
- age²
- education
- cohort 1965 vs cohort 1961
- cohort 1969 vs cohort 1961
- mental health
- neuroticism
- extraversion
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.48 p < .05
additional controlled for lifecourse transitions 
(happened or not):
- first job
- no job as yet
- left parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.53 p < .05
additional controlled for years since transition:
- first paid job
- no job
- leaving parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child

Unaffected by squaring of the above variables

B's indicate average difference between males and 
females over this 12 year period


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyStapel (1987): study NL 1987
TitleKundigheid en Geluk. (Abilities end Happiness)
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1987, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1987
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =825

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 6
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female 
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-a
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aD%= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBakker & Landsmeer (1985): study NL 1985
TitleDe Nederlander: een Individualistisch Kuddedier. (The Dutch: Individualistic in the Herd).
SourceUnpublished Research Report, Interview B.V., 1985, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_s_1985.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1985
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source Table 1.2
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-u-sq-n-5-aG=+.04 p < .02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVerkuyten (1986a): study NL 1984
TitleThe Impact of Ethnic and Sex Differences on Happiness among Adolescents in the Netherlands.
SourceJournal of Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 126, 259 - 260
PublicAdolescents, autochtones and allochtones, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1984
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =261

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 260
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females 
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-bDM=+ p < .01
Unaffected by ethnicity: males happier both among 
autochtones (Dutch) and each of the three 
allochtone categories (Turkish, Surinams and 
Moroccans).
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-bDM=+ p < .01
Unaffected by ethnicity: males happier both among 
autochtones (Dutch) and each of the three 
allochtone categories (Turkish, Surinams and 
Moroccans).
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ p < .01
Unaffected by ethnicity: males happier both among 
autochtones (Dutch) and each of the three 
allochtone categories (Turkish, Surinams and 
Moroccans).
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ p < .01
Unaffected by ethnicity: males happier both among 
autochtones (Dutch) and each of the three 
allochtone categories (Turkish, Surinams and 
Moroccans).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Algemeen Dagblad (1982): study NL 1982
TitleGeluk in Nederland. (Happiness in the Netherlands).
SourceUnpublished report nr 3810 i.o.o. Algemeen Dagblad, 1982, Centrum BV, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~AlgemeenDagblad_1982.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1982
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source t31
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 female
1 male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-bD%=-
% happy:
- females  85,5
- males    85,1
difference -0,4
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-btc=-.00 ns
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-bG=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study NL 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1221

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 males
0 females

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyTammes (2007): study NL 1979
TitleKomt Geluk met de Jaren? ( Does Happiness Rise with Age?)
SourceSchnabel, P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 81 - 88
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =21929

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 83
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: female
2: male
Observed distribution1: 11714 2: 10215

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=
%(very) happy
         Females  Males  Difference
1: 16-29:  42      39    -3
2: 30-44:  42      38    -4
3: 45-59   38      36    -2
4: 60-74   38      45    +7

Minimum around age 45-59 for men and women.
Women happier than men in the first part of their 
lives, but less happy in the second part.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyWildeboer Schut (2009): study NL 1977
TitleBijt de Vrouwenemancipatie zich in de eigen Staart? (Back-Kick of Womanemancipation?).
SourceSchnabel,P. (Ed).: "M/V", Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | SCP), 2009, The Haque, Netherlands, 185 - 190
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response+/- 50 %
Respondents N =57902

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 188,189
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
% Very happy
Set Image size:   

O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOPRC=- p < .01
Female trend in Happiness 1977-2006 (-.88)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOPRC=- ns
Male trend in Happiness 1977-2006 (-.30)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOPRC=- p < .01
Trend in difference in happiness between females 
and Males in Happiness 1977-2006 (-.21)

OPRC's controlled for :
- income
- education
- age
- employment status
- housework as main activity or not
- parental status
- being in a single houshold or not
- marital status
- church membership

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size and denotes only relative differences, eg 
greater negative trend among females than among 
males.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab= ns
B controlled for:
-Life situation:
 -Housing
 -Health
 -Purchasing power/ consumer durables
 -Leisure activities
 -Mobility
 -Social participation
 -Sport activity
 -Vacation
-Background features:
 -Education
 -Employment
 -Age
 -City
 -Household composition
 -Ethnicity
 -Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study NL 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1093

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.02 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyJol (1985a): study NL 1974
TitleLiever Samen dan Alleen? Veranderingen in Levensomstandigheden én Welbevinden van Alleenstaanden, 1974-1983. (Better together than Alone? Changes in Life Situations ánd Well-Being of Singles,1974-1983).
SourceC.B.S. Select, Nr. 3, Central Bureau of Statistics, 1985, The Hague, Netherlands, 171 - 184
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1983
Sample
Non-Response1974: 28%, 1983: 43%
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 178
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1 = female
2 = male (order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.10 p < .05
1983 only
ß controlled for age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 350
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females 
1 Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.12 p < .05
T2 happiness by male sex 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.13 p < .05
T3 happiness by male sex 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex.
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0. Females 
1. Males

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=-.02 ns
Stronger among married Ss (10)





Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 188
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Females    
1 Males   
Remarks
  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aG=-.07 ns
Married      : G' = -.03 (ns)
Never married: G' = -.13 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyHartog & Oosterbeek (1998): study NL 1952
TitleHealth, Wealth and Happiness. Why Pursue a Higher Education?
SourceEconomics of Education Review, 1998, Vol. 17, 245 - 256
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0272-7757(97)00064-2
Public41 aged, Brabant, the Netherlands, followed 1952-1993
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response53,6%
Respondents N =1893

Correlate
Author's labelfamily status
Page in Source 253
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
a. Married male (reference)
b. Female
c. Divorced
d. Widow
e. Single
f  Number of children
Observed distributionNot reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-aOPRC=+.33 p < .05
Female
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.57 p < .05
Divorced
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.68 p < .05
Widow
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.17 ns
Single
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.01 ns
Number of children

OPRC's controlled for:
-schooling
-intelligence
-social background
-labour market status
-self-perceived health
-wealth.

OLRC (Ordered Probit Regression Coefficient) 
cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect-size. 
The coefficients only denote relative differences 
in correlation between marital status and 
happiness, e.g. widowed people are unhappier than 
divorced people.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

Study~NIPO (1949): study NL 1948
TitleWat de Mensen Gelukkig Maakt. (The Things that Contribute to Happiness).
SourceDe Publieke Opinie, 1949, Vol. 3, 3 - 4
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~NIPO_1949.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, The Netherlands, 1948
Sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =500

Correlate
Author's labelMale sex
Page in Source 4
Our classificationSexe (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0 Female 
1 Male 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.05 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexe (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study NL 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =942

Correlate
Author's label