Findings on Happiness and FRIENDSHIP

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and FRIENDSHIP
Subject Code: F06

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
F06FRIENDSHIP1
F06aaFriendship career 0
F06aa01Earlier friendships2
F06aa02Change in friendships2
F06aa03History of current friendships1
F06aa04Later friendships0
F06abCurrent number of friends14
F06ab01Number of close friends19
F06ab02Number of friends/acquaintances4
F06acCurrent contacts with friends43
F06ac01Visits to friends10
F06ac02Telephone calls with friends3
F06ac03Attendance of parties2
F06ac04Intimate discussions8
F06adCurrent friendship network4
F06ad01Friends in community0
F06ad02Friends are friends1
F06ad03Married friends1
F06aeCurrent characteristics of friends2
F06ae01Happiness of friends0
F06ae02Similarity with friends0
F06agAttitudes to friendship6
F06ag01Concern about friends8
F06ag02Satisfaction with friends104
F06ac05Conflicts with friends2
F06afFinding friends1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and FRIENDSHIP
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=F06
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and FRIENDSHIP
Subject code: F06

StudyDemir et al. (2007): study US 2007
TitleLooking to HappyTomorrows with Friends: Best and Close Friendships as They Predict Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 243 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-006-9025-2
Public18+ aged, university students, USA
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =280

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship quality and conflict
Page in Source 251
Our classificationFRIENDSHIP, code F06
Operationalization
5 scales of NRI (Fuhrman and Buhrmester, 1985), each 
consisting of 3 items:
A companionship
B intimacy
C reliable alliance
D affection
E conflict

Rated occurence in their best friendship on a 5-point 
scale ranging from 1(little or none) to 5 (the most)

composite value 'best friendship quality' is the sum of 
the items A+B+C+D

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.12 ns
Best friendship quality
PA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=-.19 p < .01
NA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=-.13 ns
Best friendship conflict
PA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.14 ns
NA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.08 ns
First close friendship quality
PA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=-.16 p < .05
NA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=-.08 ns
First close friendship conflict
PA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.10 ns
NA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.09 ns
Second close friendship quality
PA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=-.08 ns
NA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=-.02 ns
Second close friendship conflict
PA
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-er=.03 ns
NA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier friendships
Subject code: F06aa01

StudyBecchetti & Pisani (2014): study IT 2010
TitleFamily Economic Well-Being, and (Class) Relative Wealth: An Emperical Analysis of Life Satisfaction of Secundary School Students in Three Italian Cities.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 503 -525
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9433-z
Public17-18 aged , secondary school students, Italy, 2010
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2124

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship
Page in Source Table 1 - Table 5
Our classificationEarlier friendships, code F06aa01
Operationalization
Selfreport on whether your friendship give you 
confidence in your future on a 1-3 scale.
Observed distributionM = 1.86; SD = .86

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.28 p < .01
TYPE OF SCHOOL FIXED EFFECT

OLRC controlled for:
 -single parent
 -repeated at least one school year
 -residence location
 -gender
-Household economic condition
 -houseownership
 -mortgage
 -current account
-School performance
 -final grade in Italian
 -final grade in maths
 -final grade at middle school
-Parental jobs
-Relationship
 -trust in family

With SCHOOL FIXED EFFECTS and CLASS FIXED EFFECT, 
the results are nearly the same.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier friendships
Subject code: F06aa01

StudyAdams (1988): study US 1981
TitleWhich comes First: Poor Psychological Well-Being or Decreased Friendship Activity?
SourceActivities, Adaptation and Aging, 1988, Vol. 12, 27 - 41
DOIDOI:10.1300/J016v12n01_03
Public62+ aged, white non-married females, middle class suburb of Chicago, USA. followed 1981-84
Sample
Non-ResponseDropout : 27% due to incapacity, 13% refusal
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of emotionally close friends
Page in Source 35/36
Our classificationEarlier friendships, code F06aa01
Operationalization
Ss were first asked to list the persons they consider 
as friends. Next they indicated which of these are 
emotionally close.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.17 ns
Synchronic correlation at T1.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.38 p < .05
Synchronic correlation at T2.
The correlation has increased between T1 and T2 
(difference in r .21).

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.12 ns
Diachronic correlation: T1 emotionally close 
friends by T2 happiness, controlled for T1 
happiness. 
Rpc indicates the effect of earlier emotionally 
close friends on later CHANGE IN HAPPINESS.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.20 ns
Diachronic correlation: T1 happiness by T2 
emotionally close friends, controlled for T1 
emotionally close friends. 
Rpc indicates the EFFECT OF EARLIER HAPPINESS on 
later change of emotionally close friends.

The effect of emotionally close friends on 
happiness appears somewhat smaller than the effect 
of happiness on emotionally close friends 
(difference in rpc .08).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in friendships
Subject code: F06aa02

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978 /1
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, followed 25 months 1978-1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction with friends
Our classificationChange in friendships, code F06aa02
Operationalization
Index of 4 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: The people you see socially
b: Your friends
c: The friends of opposite sex you have
d: How much you are accepted and included by others
All scored on a 1-9 D-T rating scale, summation by 
average.
Remarks
Both Happiness (ABS) and satisfaction with friends were 
assessed at T1 and T2 (25 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.20 p < .020
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with friends
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with friends
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- sex life
- health
- house
- standard of living
- self-fulfillment
- leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in friendships
Subject code: F06aa02

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelChange in Meeting friends and relatives
Page in Source 36-41
Our classificationChange in friendships, code F06aa02
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in selfreport on single question:
How often do you meet friends or relatives who are not 
living with you, whether here at your home or 
elsewhere?
1 never or less often than once a month
2 once or twice a month
3 once or twice a week
4 on most days

Change in social network from T1 to T2
a Remain the same 
b Increased in frequency
c Reduced in frequency
Observed distributionRange= a-d:1-4 M=3,31 SD(within)=0.54 Frequencies in %: All Men Women Age<=30 Age>30 1: 2 3 2 1 3 2: 11 12 9 6 13 3: 40 42 39 31 44 4: 47 43 50 62 40
Remarks
Due to a small number of respondents Less often than 
once a month is considered as Never

T1=average 1997-2000, T2=2002

T

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=-
NO CHANGE IN MEETINGS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
1 to 1:   -.02          1,43       346
2 to 2:   -.03          1,15     1.565
3 to 3:   -.03          1,14    10.153
4 to 4:   -.04          1,25    13.248
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=+
INCREASE IN MEETINGS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
1 to 2:   +.03          1,35     316
1 to 3:   +.06          1,34     326
1 to 4:   +.01          1,50     234

2 to 3:   -.03          1,21    1.739 
2 to 4:   +.01          1,26     894

3 to 4:   +.00          1,20    5374
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=--
DECREASE IN MEETINGS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
2 to 1:   -.05          1,30     322

3 to 1:   -.11          1,43     332
3 to 2:   -.05          1,16    2.008

4 to 1:   -.26          1,33     246 
4 to 2:   -.05          1,29     949
4 to 3:   -.04          1,21    5.675
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.12 p < .01
2 once or twice a month (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.14 p < .01
3 once or twice a week (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.17 p < .01
4 on most days (vs. 1)

B's are estimated by means of fixed effects 
estimators instead of OLS.

B's controlled for:
- frequency of talking to neighbours
- gender

- age
- real household income
- marital status
- employment status 
- look after home
- health status
- education level
- household size
- home ownership
- days spent in hospital
- number of children

Adittional control variables about quality of 
accommodation and neighbourhood do not make a 
difference:
- shortage of space
- noise from neighbours
- street noise
- not enough lights
- lack of adequate heating
- condensation
- leaky roof
- damp wall, floors, etc.
- rot windows, floors, etc
- pollution/environmental problems
- vandalism or crime
- average district income

Fixed effect estimators differ significantly from 
OLS estimators denoting a positive inborn 
personality bias on the observed relationship 
between frequency of social contacts, income and 
life satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current friendships
Subject code: F06aa03

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelDurability of confident relationship
Page in Source 217
Our classificationHistory of current friendships, code F06aa03
Operationalization
Single open-ended question. The respondents were asked 
how many years they knew one friend in particular that 
they confided in.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 217
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 6-point scale: 
Approximately how many friends do you have altogether: 
1-5 / 6-10 / 11-15 / 16-25 / 26-35 / 35+?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.23 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyWang et al. (2013): study CN 2008
TitleHappiness and Job Satisfaction in Urban China: A Comparative Study of Two Generations of Migrants and Urban Locals.
SourceDiscussion Paper No. 08-13, 2013, Monash University, Department of Economics, USA
Public19+ aged, general public, China, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5395

Correlate
Author's labelSocial network
Page in Source 8
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Self-measurement of number of friends.
Exact question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
FULL SAMPLE               (N=5395)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
FIRST-GENERATION MIGRANTS (N=2213)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
NEW-GENERATION MIGRANTS   (N=444)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
URBAN LOCALS              (N=2738)

B's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- gender
- years of education
- marital status
- health status
- having children
- hourly income
- region of residence
- surface area of house
- perceived recent change in social class
- job satisfaction

Full sample is additionally controlled for migrant 
status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
8-point scale, ranging from 'no friends' to '13 or 
more'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.12
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, number 
of memberships in clubs and associations, 
interesting life, easyness of life, loneliness, 
feelings of being liked, feeling of being able to 
use knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention, satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, no. of communities in 
which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
8-point scale, ranging from 'no friends' to '13 or 
more'                      

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.13
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, number 
of memberships in clubs and associations, 
interesting life, easyness of life, loneliness, 
feelings of being liked, feeling of being able to 
use knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention, satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, no. of communities in 
which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyPrins (2008): study NL 2007
TitleDe Deugd van Tegenwoordig. Onderzoek naar Jongeren en hun Grenzen. ( Virtue today; a study on risk behavior among younsters).
SourceResearch Report 2008, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/prins_m_2008.pdf
Public12-18 aged, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15116

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 11,additional inf.
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Number of friends; selfreport on single question.
Observed distributionin % 1: 1.7, 2: 5.2, 3: 9.0, 4: 9.3, 5: 15.7, 6: 7.8, 7: 5.8, 8: 5.7, 9: 2.4, 10 or more: 37.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-ars=+.99 p < .01
1:          M=6,8           
2:          M=7,2          
3:          M=7,4          
4:          M=7,6          
5:          M=7,6 
6:          M=7,6
7:          M=7,8 
8:          M=7,7
9:          M=7,8
10 or more: M=7,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyAllardt (1973): study NO 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
8-point scale, ranging from 'no friends' to '13 or 
more'                                                   
                                                        
    

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.17
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to suceed, 
gets sufficient attention, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1971
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1971
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =854

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 411
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Direct question about number of friends.
Remarks
Curvilinear relationship.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=+ p < .01
 controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, 
occupational active, marital status.       
Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic
level of the county.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyMakarczyk (1962): study PL 1960
TitleFactors affecting Life Satisfaction among People in Poland.
SourcePolish Sociological Bulletin, 1962, Vol. 1, 105 - 116
PublicAdults, general public, students and peasants excluded, Poland, 1960
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =2387

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 108
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Single question: what can you say about your friends ?
I live more or less on my own / On the whole I stick to 
the family / I only have a small number of friends / I 
have a lot of friends.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.19 p < .001
Non-agricultural people only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudySimoes et al. (2009): study PT 2001
TitlePersonal and Social Features in Adolescent's Health.
SourceFreire, T.;Ed.: "Understanding Positive Life Research and Practice on Positive Psychology", Climepsi, 2009, Lisboa, Portugal, 105 - 116
PublicAdolescents, Portugal, 2001-02
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6109

Correlate
Author's labelFriends
Page in Source 108,112
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions regarding:
A number of close male and female friends:
  1: none
  2: one
  3: two
  4: three or more
B Days a week stayed with friends after school:
  0 
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
C Days spent evenings with friends
  0
  1
  2
  4
  5
  6 days
D ease in making new friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-tBeta=+.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- family
- family affluence
- psychological symptoms
- school
- class mates
- body satisfaction
- life satisfaction
- teachers
- physical symptoms
- food intake
- physical activity
- risk behaviours
- social competency


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyAllardt (1973): study SE 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Sweden, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
8-point scale, ranging from 'no friends' to '13 or 
more'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.10
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention, satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, no. of communities in 
which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyFranklin et al. (1986): study US 1985
TitleAssessing Quality of Life of the Mentally Ill. A Three Dimensional Model.
SourceEvaluation & The Health Professions, 1986, Vol. 9, 376 -388
Public18-65 aged, mentally ill, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelSocial relations
Page in Source 383
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aAoV= ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.14
Beta controlled for satisfaction with social 
relations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyAdams (1988): study US 1981
TitleWhich comes First: Poor Psychological Well-Being or Decreased Friendship Activity?
SourceActivities, Adaptation and Aging, 1988, Vol. 12, 27 - 41
DOIDOI:10.1300/J016v12n01_03
Public62+ aged, white non-married females, middle class suburb of Chicago, USA. followed 1981-84
Sample
Non-ResponseDropout : 27% due to incapacity, 13% refusal
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 35/36
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Ss were asked to list the persons they consider as 
friends. The persons mentioned were counted.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.21 p < .10
Synchronic correlation at T1 (1981).
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.15 ns
Synchronic correlation at T2 (1984)
The correlation has decreased between T1 and T2 
(difference in r .06).
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.21 p < .10
Diachronic correlation: T1 friends by T2 
happiness, controlled for T1 happiness.      
Rpc indicates the effect of earlier friends on 
later CHANGE IN HAPPINESS.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.27 p < .05
Diachronic correlation: T1 happiness by T2 
friends, controlled for T1 friends.             
Rpc indicates the EFFECT OF EARLIER HAPPINESS on 
later change in friends.

The effect of friends on happiness appears 
somewhat smaller than the effect of happiness on 
friends (difference in rpc .06).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyAdams (1988): study US 1981
TitleWhich comes First: Poor Psychological Well-Being or Decreased Friendship Activity?
SourceActivities, Adaptation and Aging, 1988, Vol. 12, 27 - 41
DOIDOI:10.1300/J016v12n01_03
Public62+ aged, white non-married females, middle class suburb of Chicago, USA. followed 1981-84
Sample
Non-ResponseDropout : 27% due to incapacity, 13% refusal
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of local friends
Page in Source 35/36
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Ss were asked to list the persons they consider as 
friends. Next they indicated which of these lived in 
the same town.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .05
Diachronic correlation at T1.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 ns
Synchronic correlation at T2.
The correlation has decreased between T1 and T2 
(difference in r .16)

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.00 ns
Diachronic correlation: T1 local friends by T2 
happiness, controlled for T1 happiness.
Rpc indicates the effect of earlier local friends 
on later CHANGE IN HAPPINESS.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.30 p < .10
Diachronic correlation: T1 happiness by T2 local 
friends, controlled for T1 local friends.   
Rpc indicates the EFFECT OF EARLIER HAPPINESS on 
later change in local friends.

The effect of local friends on happiness appears 
considerably smaller than the effect of happiness 
on local friends (difference in rpc .30).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current number of friends
Subject code: F06ab

StudyTissue & Wells (1971): study US 1971
TitleAntecedent Life Styles and Old Age.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1971, Vol. 29, 1100
PublicApplicants for old age assistance, USA, 1971.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of current friends
Page in Source 29
Our classificationCurrent number of friends, code F06ab
Operationalization
Self report. Question not reported.
Remarks
Current contacts correlated with retrospective contacts 
in middle adulthood (age 30-60. Chi=9.82 p<.01)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-at.=1.72 p < .05
Only among elderly who reported to have had much 
social contacts in middle adulthood ('actives'). 
Not among earlier 'loners' and 'intermediates'.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of close friends
Page in Source 323-325
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Self report

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.07 ns
Married Men
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.16 p < .05
Married women
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.10 ns
Widowed Women

Beta's controlled for:
-living arrangements
-age
-health
-personal income
-country of birth
-years in Canada
-English-speaking ability
-have confidante
-number of close friends
-frequency of seeing non-coresident children
-see children as often as want


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyChappell & Badger (1989): study CA Winnipeg, Manitoba 1985
TitleSocial Isolation and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1989, Vol. 44, 169 - 176
Public60+ aged, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 1985
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =743

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Isolation
Page in Source 170-172
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Self report of non-instrumental social contacts:
a: no daily contact (vs has daily contact)
b: minimal weekly contact (vs less or no contact)
c: live alone (vs not live alone)
d: not married (vs married) 
e: no children (vs has children)
f: no companions (vs has companions)
g: no confidants (vs has confidants)
h: no children plus not married (vs has children plus 
married)
i: no children plus live alone (vs has children plus 
not live alone)
j: live alone plus no confidants (vs not live alone 
plus has confidants)
Observed distributiona:40%, b:10%, c:31%, d:40%; e:15%, f:4%, g:16%, h:9%; i:8%, j:7%
Remarks
All respondents named someone in their social network, 
which could include: people in their household, 
parents, siblings, children, other relatives, friends, 
and neighbours. No one was totally isolated. Those 
involved in instrumental relations, such as health care 
worker or a shopkeeper are not included in these 
figures. Size of social network is not included as an 
indicator of social isolation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=-.22 ns
a: no daily contact (vs has daily contact)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=.52 ns
b:minimal weekly contact (vs less or no contact)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=2.74 p < .01
c: live alone (vs not live alone)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=3.55 p < .001
d: not married (vs married)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=-61 ns
e: no children (vs has children)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=4.89 p < .001
f: no companions (vs has companions)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=3.54 p < .001
g: no confidants (vs has confidants)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=1.03 ns
h: no children plus not married (vs has children 
plus married)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=1.16 ns
i: no children plus live alone (vs has children 
plus not live alone)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ot.=3.90 p < .001
j: live alone plus no confidants (vs not live 
alone plus has confidants)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of close friendships
Page in Source 217
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Single open-ended question: How many people are there 
in your life that you feel raelly close to?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.16 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyChan & Lee (2006): study CN 2000
TitleNetwork Size, Social Support and Happiness in Later Life: A Comparative Study of Beijing and Hong Kong.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 87 - 112
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-1915-1
Public60+aged, China, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2125

Correlate
Author's labelNetwork Size
Page in Source 98, 100
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Self reported total number of persons with whom the 
respondents has discussed important matters in the past 
6 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbr=.+18 p < .01
Hong Kong
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbBeta=.+14 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- gender 
- income
- education
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbr=.+12 p < .05
Beijing
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbBeta=.+12 ns
Beta controlled for:
- gender 
- income
- education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelclose friend
Page in Source 344
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you have a friend with whom you can talk about 
everything - an do ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: all:1431, 1:257, 2:237, 3:937

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.15 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.18
 2: Mt=7.50
 3: Mt=7.99
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.20 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.74
 2: Mt=7.06
 3: Mt=7.75
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.21 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.24
 2: Mt=6.56
 3: Mt=7.24
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelwith/without friend
Page in Source 164
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you have a friend with whom you can talk about 
everything-and do ?"           
1: has friend
0: no friend
Observed distributionN: 803
Remarks
partner means: you have sex; friend: no sex

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
     no partner  no partner  partner     partner
     unemployed  employed    unemployed  employed
1:Ms=6.88        7.50        8.10        8.29
0:Ms=5.00        6.80        7.05        7.53
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
     no partner  no partner  partner     partner
     unemployed  employed    unemployed  employed
1:Ms=6.88        6.86        7.50        8.08 
0:Ms=3.34        5.90        6.36        7.13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
     no partner  no partner  partner     partner
     unemployed  employed    unemployed  employed
1:Ms=5.88        6.15        7.38        7.60
0:Ms=5.00        5.40        6.25        6.63


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelFriendships
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Question: 'Do you have one or more really close 
friends, I mean not within your family?'  
Coding reversed by us. Signs of correlations reversed 
accordingly.
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      -.12       -.15       -.12      
1980     
1984      -.08       -.10       -.08
1988      -.13       -.14       -.13

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.14       +.31       +.14
1980
1984      +.08       +.17       +.08
1988      +.11       +.26       +.11

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Question: 'How many close friends do you have roughly?'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.15       +.15       +.08       
1980
1984
1988      +.14       +.12       +.08

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.13       +.04       +.04        
1980     
1984     
1988      +.16       +.10       +.08

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft fr Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelEasyness to find good friends
Page in Source 438
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How easy do you think it 
is for a person to find good friends?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:4%, 1:5%, 2:9%, 3:8%, 4:9%, 5:12%, 6:11%, 7:14%, 8:13%, 9:6%, 10:5%,DKNA:2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 6.6  M = 5.1             +1.5
top 3:  M = 6.1  M = 4.6             +1.5 
top 5:  M = 5.8  M = 4.0             +1.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyPfeifer (2013): study DE 2003
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Consumption Values of Partners and Friends: Empirical Evidence from German Panel Survey Data.
SourceEconomics Bulletin, 2013, Vol. 33, 3131 - 3142
URLhttp://econpapers.repec.org/article/eblecbull/eb-13-00787.htm
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 5 years, 2003-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9972

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of close friends
Page in Source Table 2
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Number of close friends:
a) One or two
b) Three or four
c) Five or six
d) Seven or eight 
e) Nine or ten 
f) Eleven or more 
g) no friends (reference group)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.01 ns
One or two (vs zero)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.11 p < .10
Three or four (vs zero)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.19 p < .01
Five or six (vs zero)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.15 p < .10
Seven or eight (vs zero)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.24 p < .01
Nine or ten (vs zero)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.31 p < .01
Eleven or more (vs zero)

b's controlled for:
- marital status
- number of close friends
- household income
- number of persons in household
- german citizenship
- age
- subjective health-status
- employment status
- educational career
- year dummy 2008
- regions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyCheng & Chan (2006): study HK 2000
TitleRelationship with Others and Life Satisfaction in Later Life: Do Gender and Widowhood make a Difference?
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 2006, Vol. 61b, 46 - 53
Public60+ aged, Hong Kong, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1616

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship
Page in Source 49-50
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Self report on 2 questions:
a: How often do you feel that others (nonrelatives) are 
concerned about you?
b: How many friends do you have with whom you have a 
lot to talk about?

Response options not reported
Observed distributionM=3,24 SD=0.97
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha is .60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-ar=+.30 p < .001
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyAbe & Moritsuka (1986): study JP 1981
TitleA Case-Control Study of Climacteric Symptoms and Complaints of Japanese Women by Symptomatic Type for Psychological Variables.
SourceMaturitas, 1986, Vol. 8, 255 - 265
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=3784921&dopt=Abstract
PublicWomen in menopause patient and controls, Miyagi, North-east Japan, 1981-82.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response20 % (cases 21%,controls 19%)
Respondents N =432

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of intimate friends
Page in Source 262
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question:How many intimate friends do you 
have other than members of your family?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1988
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelHaving friends
Page in Source 4
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Single closed question:"Do you have many, a few or no 
real friends?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.43 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelClose friends
Page in Source 74
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on a single question:
How many close friends do you have who you speak to at 
least once a week?
0: none
1: 1-2
2: 3-5
3: 6-10
4: More than 10
Observed distribution0: N=35; 1: N=179; 2: N=378; 3: N=251; 4: N=142

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gtb=+04 p < .19
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abtb=+01 p < .893


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyDemir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007
TitleI am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211
DOIDOI:10,1007/s10902-006-9012-7
PublicUniversity students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =423

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 191
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question
Observed distributionmean 4.4, SD 2.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gr=+.19 p < .05
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.06 ns
Beta controlled for
- gender
- extraversion
- neuroticism
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness
- openness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyOishi et al. (2007a): study US 2002
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00048.x
PublicStudents, University of Illinois, USA, 200?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-ResponseNot reported.
Respondents N =193

Correlate
Author's labelClose friends
Page in Source 350
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Self report on question about having close friends. 
Full text not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aDM=+
Number of close friends among:
- very happy               5,8  (N=25)
- happy                    5,5  (N=42)
             Difference   +0,3

- moderately happy         5,1  (N=75)
- slightly happy           4,7  (N=43)
- unhappy                  4,4  (N=8)
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aBeta=+.29 p < .001
Positive linear relation: the very happy have the 
most close friends.

Control variables not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyDiener & Seligman (2002): study US 1997
TitleVery Happy People.
SourcePsychological Science, 2002, Vol. 13, 81 - 84
DOIDOI::10.1111/1467-9280.00415
PublicUndergraduate students, US, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelRelationships with close friend
Page in Source 83
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Self-rating of number of close friends. Rating from 1 
to 7 as compared to the average University of Illinois 
student.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aE=.24 p < .01
               Mean number of friends         
a 10% least happy         4.1      
b 27% close to average    5.2      
c 10% most happy          6.3
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aMCT= p < .05
a < b < c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyAdams (1988): study US 1981
TitleWhich comes First: Poor Psychological Well-Being or Decreased Friendship Activity?
SourceActivities, Adaptation and Aging, 1988, Vol. 12, 27 - 41
DOIDOI:10.1300/J016v12n01_03
Public62+ aged, white non-married females, middle class suburb of Chicago, USA. followed 1981-84
Sample
Non-ResponseDropout : 27% due to incapacity, 13% refusal
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of emotionally close friends
Page in Source 35/36
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Ss were first asked to list the persons they consider 
as friends. Next they indicated which of these are 
emotionally close.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.17 ns
Synchronic correlation at T1.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.38 p < .05
Synchronic correlation at T2.
The correlation has increased between T1 and T2 
(difference in r .21).

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.12 ns
Diachronic correlation: T1 emotionally close 
friends by T2 happiness, controlled for T1 
happiness. 
Rpc indicates the effect of earlier emotionally 
close friends on later CHANGE IN HAPPINESS.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.20 ns
Diachronic correlation: T1 happiness by T2 
emotionally close friends, controlled for T1 
emotionally close friends. 
Rpc indicates the EFFECT OF EARLIER HAPPINESS on 
later change of emotionally close friends.

The effect of emotionally close friends on 
happiness appears somewhat smaller than the effect 
of happiness on emotionally close friends 
(difference in rpc .08).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of close friends
Subject code: F06ab01

StudyWhite (1979): study US 1977
TitleSex Differentials in the Effect of Remarriage on Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1979, Vol. 41, 869 -876
PublicAdult, general public,, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1085

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of close friends
Page in Source 874
Our classificationNumber of close friends, code F06ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question to:the number 
of friends respondent feels close to

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=
1:first marriage men    r = +.08  (ns)
2:first marriage women  r = +.11  (05)
3:remarriage men        r = +.24  (ns)
4:remarriage women      r = +.10  (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of friends/acquaintances
Subject code: F06ab02

StudyVieno et al. (2009): study IT Veneto 2006
TitleHealth Status in Immigrants and Native Early Adolescents in Italy.
SourceJournal of Community Health, 2009, Vol. 34,181 -187
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10900-008-9144-2
Public10-18 aged general public, Vieno: Italy, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6744

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 183, 185
Our classificationNumber of friends/acquaintances, code F06ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on two questions:
a) At present, how many close male friends do you have?
b) At present, how many close female friends do you 
have?

1: none
2: one 
3: two
4: three or more

Scores are averaged
Observed distributionM=3.28

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eBeta=+.15 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Immigrant (born in Italy or not)
- Gender
- Age
- Family socio-economic status
- Friends support
- Bullying victimization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of friends/acquaintances
Subject code: F06ab02

StudyOshio (2011): study JP 2007
TitleGender Differences among Elderly Japanese: Importance of Family and Social Relations for Life Satisfaction.
SourceRIETI Discussion Paper Series 11-E-051, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, JAA, (RIETI), Hitotsubashi University, 2011, Japan
URLhttp://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/11e051.pdf
Public50-75 aged, Japan, 2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3063

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of friends
Page in Source 8, 23
Our classificationNumber of friends/acquaintances, code F06ab02
Operationalization
Number of friends
0: none (reference)
1: 1 to 5
2: 6 to 10
3: 11 or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.07 ns
MEN:
1 to 5                   (vs none)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=0.99 ns
6 to 10                  (vs none)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.20 ns
11 or more               (vs none)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.27 ns
WOMEN:
1 to 5                   (vs none)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.65 p < .01
6 to 10                  (vs none)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acOR=1.73 p < .01
11 or more               (vs none)

OR controlled for:
-age
-educational attainment
-house ownership
-occupational status
-survey areas


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of friends/acquaintances
Subject code: F06ab02

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1988
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelHaving acquantencies
Page in Source 4
Our classificationNumber of friends/acquaintances, code F06ab02
Operationalization
Single closed question:"Do you have many, a few or no 
aquantencies?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.48 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Number of friends/acquaintances
Subject code: F06ab02

StudyLondon et al. (1977): study US 1972
TitleThe Contribution of Job and Leisure Satisfaction to Quality of Life.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1977, Vol. 62, 328 - 334
DOIDOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.62.3.328
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with people they see socially
Page in Source 330
Our classificationNumber of friends/acquaintances, code F06ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on question about satisfaction with people 
they see socially 

Rated on an 7-point numerical scale (7=delighted to 
1=terrible)
Observed distributionN:1265; M=2,21; SD=0,92
Remarks
Scale reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.20 p < .05
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with: 
- co-workers
- the work itself
- benefits and securitiy of the job
- physical surroundings and amount of work
- equipment at work
- activities with friends
- activities with family
- affiliation to organizations
- sport and recreational facilities
- entertainment facilities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelAvailabilty of friends
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Selfreport
Questions not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-0-ar=+.22 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelSocial network
Page in Source 351-353
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Self report on the availability of close relatives or 
friends whom respondents could contact for assistance 
in Calgary.
1: with contacts
0: other
Observed distributionN1: 90, 71.4%
Remarks
N=90 reported that they had at least one adult son or 
daughter whom they could contact in the city.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=.43 ns
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
  - perceived needs for services
- quality of neighbouhood
- Psychological well-being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyHelliwell & Huang (2010): study CA 2002 /1
TitleHow's the Job? Well-Being and Social Capital in the Workplace.
SourceILR Review, 2010, Vol 63. Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/helliwell_jf_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1862

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 212-213
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatess.e.= 0.10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.26 p < .01
OPRC controlled for:
- Job satisfaction
- Personal income
- Log other family members' income
- Log of avg. household income in census tract
- Self-perceived health
- Gender
- Marital status
- Education
- Contact w. family members
- Contact w. neighbors
- Number of memberships or extent of activity
- Trust in general
- Trust in neighbors
- Trust in police
- Importance of religion
- Frequency attending religious services
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.28 p < .01
OPRC not controlled for job satisfaction, but 
additionally controlled for job characterisitics:
- Makes own decisions
- Requires skill
- Has enough time
- Free of conflicting demands
- Has variety of tasks
- Trust in management


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyZuzanek (2006): study CA 2001
TitleAdolescent Time use and Well-Being from a Comparative Perspective.
SourceSociety and Leisure, 2006, Vol. 28, 379 - 423.
Public12-19 aged, Ontario, Canada, 2001/2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response20,7
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelSocializing with friends
Page in Source 409
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
minutes per day spend with friends as reported in time 
diaries kept on one day

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.08 p < .05
on school days
M-FH-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.11 p < .05
on sundays


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of social contacts with friends
Page in Source 217
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 6-point scale: About 
how often do you get together socially with your 
friends: several times a week / a few times a week / 
once a week / a few times a month / once a month / less 
than once a month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency friend contact
Page in Source 257-258
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 5-point scale with 
the choice statements: 'never', 'yearly', 'monthly', 
'weekly' and 'daily'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aDyx=+.13 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labeltalk with close friends
Page in Source 362,364
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single question:
" Do you have a friend with whom you can talk about 
everything - and do ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN women: All:2448; %:1:10,9; 2:12,0; 3:77,1 M men: All:2103; %: 1:18,8; 2:19,6; 3:61,6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.19 p < .00
women:         
1: Mt=6.80     
2: Mt=7.19     
3: Mt=7.93
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
men:
1: Mt=7.06
2: Mt=7.54
3: Mt=8.06
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
women:
1: Mt=6.40
2: Mt=6.91
3: Mt=7.69
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
men:
1: Mt=6.56
2: Mt=7.15
3: Mt=7.71
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
women:
1: Mt=6.21
2: Mt=6.55
3: Mt=7.29
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
men:
1: Mt=6.28
2: Mt=6.70
3: Mt=7.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with friends
Page in Source 366
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with your friends?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4473; %: 1:0,2; 2:0,8; 3:9,0; 4:51,6; 5:38,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.26 p < .00
1: Mt=4.55
2: Mt=5.58
3: Mt=6.43
4: Mt=7.66
5: Mt=8.25
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
1: Mt=2.73
2: Mt=4.86
3: Mt=6.10
4: Mt=7.33
5: Mt=7.99
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
1: Mt=4.78
2: Mt=5.14
3: Mt=5.89
4: Mt=6.91
5: Mt=7.54


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with friends
Page in Source 346
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with your friends ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1368, 1:2, 2:9, 3:97, 4:700, 5:560

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.21 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.00
 2: Mt=6.95
 3: Mt=6.80
 4: Mt=7.54
 5: Mt=8.24
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=3.75
 2: Mt=5.28
 3: Mt=6.41
 4: Mt=7.20
 5: Mt=7.98
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.23 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.50
 2: Mt=5.84
 3: Mt=6.16
 4: Mt=6.71
 5: Mt=7.45
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyWinkelmann (2009): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleUnemployment, Social Capital, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 421 - 430
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10902-008-9097-2#page-1
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9097-2
PublicEmployed, who fell unemployed, West-Germany 1984-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5536

Correlate
Author's labelActive social life
Page in Source 20
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Attending at least once a week (yes or no) in:
a Cultural events
b Entertainment events
c Sport
d Visiting friend, relative
e Voluntary work
f Church services

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
                                male   female
Attending cultural events       +,370  +,614
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-
Attending entertainment events  -,101 -,068
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Sport                           +,427  +,502
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Visiting friend, relative       +,224  +,374
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Engaging in voluntary work      +,155  +,186
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Attending church services       +,212  +,350

B's controlled for
-sex
-nationality
-age
-marital status
-education
-East/West-germany

B denotes p[oints difference in happiness on scale 
0-10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of meetingfriends
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Question: 'How many times do you meet your best friend 
or your best girl-friend?'
1 hardly ever 5 nearly every day
Coding reversed by us. Signs of correlations reversed 
accordingly.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978
1980
1984      -.08       -.13       -.07
1988      -.03       -.04       -.03

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978     
1980     
1984      +.09       +.09       +.07        
1988      +.06       +.06       +.04

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyBarcena Martin et al. (2013): study DE 1994
TitleThe role of Proximity and Social Comparisons on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceThE Papers, 2013, No. 13/10, Granada, Spain
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/gra/wpaper/13-10.html
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1994-2011
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =162167

Correlate
Author's labelSC-Bonding
Page in Source 34
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Frequency of contact with friends and relatives, 
variable takes value:
a) 1 if respondent meets with friends or relatives at 
least once a month; 
b) 0  otherwise

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.07 p < .01
Beta (0.065) controlled for:
- household income
- relative income
- social capital (memberships in associations, 
organisations, groups)
- cultural capital (attitute towards risk and life 
goals)
- interaction effects
- socio-economic characteristics (age, sexe, 
marital status, type of household, years of 
education)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyCheng & Chan (2006): study HK 2000
TitleRelationship with Others and Life Satisfaction in Later Life: Do Gender and Widowhood make a Difference?
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 2006, Vol. 61b, 46 - 53
Public60+ aged, Hong Kong, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1616

Correlate
Author's labelCompanionship
Page in Source 49-50
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How often do you spend time with people you like?
Observed distributionM=3.41 SD=1.09
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha is .60
Remarks
Reported in (Cheng, Chan & Phillips, 2004)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-ar=+.31 p < .001
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyBhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelContacts friends/neighbours
Page in Source 24
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
0 = no (reference)
1 = yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.33 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.34 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-class/occupation
-education
-rooms per person
-accomodation problems
-separated/divorced
-widowed
-single, never married
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.32 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.26 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyWahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelDiversity of network
Page in Source 116
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
1:having social contacts outside the household 
0:not having social contacts outside the household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.15 p < .001
Hungary
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.09 p < .05
Italy
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Finland
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Germany
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Netherlands
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-b
Hungary

Control variables are not reported.

The publication presents only significant Beta's 
(05. Not mentioned Beta's are added to this 
excerpt by WDH-team and assumed to be 
insignificant (ns).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyGundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999
TitleHappiness and Life Satisfaction in Advanced European Countries.
SourceCross-Cultural Research, 2004, Vol. 38, 359 - 386
DOIDOI: n10.1177/1069397104267483
Public18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10517

Correlate
Author's labelSpending time with friends
Page in Source 369
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Spend time with friends
4 Weekly
3 Once or twice 
2 Only a few
1 Not at all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aGs=+.13 p < .000
Gs's Controlled for:
- living in a stable relationship


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudySarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Low Income Countries: Positional, Relational and Social Capital Compnents.
SourceStudi e Note di Economica, vol. 5, nr 3, pp 449-477
URLhttp://www.mps.it/nr/rdonlyres/4407ffbe-7442-490c-ad49-c03f0cbbb027/34058/sarracino.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Contacts
Page in Source 461, 466
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on time spend with ...
a: relatives
b: friends
c: colleagues
d: people at church
e: people at sport

Rated:
 1 not at all
 2 only a few times a year
 3 once or twice a month
 4 every week or nearly every week
Observed distributiona: M=3.48, SD=0.81, b: M=3.27, SD=0.89, c: M=2.46, SD=1.20, d: M=2.22, SD=1.25 e: M=1.91, SD=1.14,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.02 ns
RELATIVES
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.06 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.00 ns
FRIENDS
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.07 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.08 p < .01
COLLEAGUES
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.07 p < .05
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.09 p < .01
PEOPLE AT CHURCH
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.17 p < .01
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.03 ns
PEOPLE AT SPORT
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.07 p < .05
High income nations

OLRC's controlled for:
- socio-demographic aspects:
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - employment
  - marital status
- wealth
  - income
  - subjective health
- relational goods
  - time spend in social contacts
  - memberships of voluntary organizations
- social capital
  - perceived freedom and control
  - trust in people
  - honesty
- positional goods
  - social class
  - income quintile


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyAhmadyar (2016): study NL 2016
TitleDo the determinants of happiness differ between immigrants and home-stayers? A comparison between Afghansin the Netherlands and Afghanistan
SourceMaster thesis Msc Program in Urban Management and Development, Erasmus university Rotterdam
Public+18 aged Afghan immigrants, The Netherlands, 2016
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =141

Correlate
Author's labelImmigrants Social Relationship
Page in Source 36-37
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
How often do you meet socially with friends, relatives 
or work colleagues?
1- Never
2- Once a month
3- Several times a month
4- Everyday

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aR=.68 p < .05
The more to meetings, the happier.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdR=.69 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyVanBeuningen & Kloosterman (2011): study NL 2009
TitleSubjectief Welzijn: Welke Factoren spelen een Rol? (Subjective Well-Being, Which Factores are Important?)
SourceBevolkingstrends, 4e kwartaal 2011, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), Netherlands
URLhttps://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/50FF24EA-D783-40E4-B13C-9D7CAF89E8E7/0/2011k4p85b15art.pdf
Publicaged 18+, Netherlands, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6878

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 92,89
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Self report on number of contacts:
a. never or seldom
b. less then 1x per month
c. 1x per month
d. 2x per month
e. 1x per week

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dD%=+/-
a. 62%
b. 80%
c. 88%
d. 91#
e. 89%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+/-
a. 66%
b. 82%
c. 88%
d. 87#
e. 88%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-db=+.11
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-db=+.04
B's controled for:
- household income per year
- holiday
- financial independancy
- health
- scholing
- socio-economic category
- trust in parliament
- participation in societies
- contact with family
- social trust
- having partner
- children in household
- feelings in unsafety
- community feeling
- urbanity
- age
- sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudySimoes et al. (2009): study PT 2001
TitlePersonal and Social Features in Adolescent's Health.
SourceFreire, T.;Ed.: "Understanding Positive Life Research and Practice on Positive Psychology", Climepsi, 2009, Lisboa, Portugal, 105 - 116
PublicAdolescents, Portugal, 2001-02
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6109

Correlate
Author's labelFriends
Page in Source 108,112
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions regarding:
A number of close male and female friends:
  1: none
  2: one
  3: two
  4: three or more
B Days a week stayed with friends after school:
  0 
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
C Days spent evenings with friends
  0
  1
  2
  4
  5
  6 days
D ease in making new friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-tBeta=+.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- family
- family affluence
- psychological symptoms
- school
- class mates
- body satisfaction
- life satisfaction
- teachers
- physical symptoms
- food intake
- physical activity
- risk behaviours
- social competency


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelVisiting friends
Page in Source question 96
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
How often do you visit your friends? 
1 never
2 one or several times per year
3 1-2 times per month
4 every week
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 11,1% 2: 32,2% 3: 38,6% 4: 17,7% DK/NA: 0,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=+
1: M = 2,15
2: M = 2,43
3: M = 2,59
4: M = 2,77
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+.21 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelClose friends
Page in Source 74
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Self-report on a single question:
How many close friends do you have who you speak to at 
least once a week?
0: none
1: 1-2
2: 3-5
3: 6-10
4: More than 10
Observed distribution0: N=35; 1: N=179; 2: N=378; 3: N=251; 4: N=142

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gtb=+04 p < .19
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abtb=+01 p < .893


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyPayne (1974): study GB 1972
TitleN.M. Bradburn's Measures of Psychological Well-Being: An Attempt at Replication.
SourceM.C.R. Social and Applied Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield, 1974, UK
PublicEmployed males, supervising jobs, England, 197?
Sample
Non-Response4% incomplete.
Respondents N =192

Correlate
Author's labelContacts with friends
Page in Source 17
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Direct question on number of contacts in the past 4 
weeks rated on a 6-point scale ranging from 'not at 
all' to 'five or more'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aG=
Index of Positive Affects: G = +.13
Index of Negative AFfects: G = +.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelBeing alone
Page in Source 193
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
% time in company when beeped
0: alone
1: in company of:
   a: teachers
   b: classmates
   c: friends
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=- p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- age
- gender
- SES
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=-3.9 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ab=-.01 p < .001
Beta additionally controlled for:
- % time in flow
- % time in relaxation
- % time reading/writing for fun
- grade level in school


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelCompany
Page in Source 193
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
% time spend in company of:
a: teachers
b: class mates
c: friends
d: relatives
when beeped
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
% time in company with teachers
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=-0,1 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=-
% time with class mates
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=-0,7 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
% time with friends
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=+0,2 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
% time with relatives
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=+2,2 p < .01
Beta's controled for:
- age
- gender
- SES


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyMookherjee (1998): study US 1991
TitlePerception of Happiness among Elderly Persons in Metropolitan USA.
SourcePerceptual and Motor Skills, 1998, Vol. 87, 787 - 793
Public60+aged, metropolitian areas, USA, 1982-1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2739

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 790-791
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
1: Contact with friends
0: No contact with friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aAoV= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyAngel & Angel (1992): study US 1988
TitleAge at Migration, Social Connections, and Well-Being among Elderly Hispanics.
SourceJournal of Aging and Health, 1992, Vol. 4, 480-499
DOIDOI: 10.1177/089826439200400402
Public65+aged, Hispanics, United States, 1988
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =2019

Correlate
Author's labelSocial activities
Page in Source 491, 493, 497
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Self report on involvement in three groups of social 
activities within the last 2 weeks: 
1: Going to group events
2: Going to church
3: Getting together socially with friends and neighbors
Observed distributionN1: 15.6%, N2: 53.7, N3: 43.3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaBeta=-.34 p < .01
Going to church
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaBeta=-.33 p < .01
Getting together socially with friends and 
neighbors

Beta's controlled for 
- age 
- Gender
- age at migration
- origin
- income
- education
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaBeta=-17 ns
Going to group events

B controlled for 
- Adolescence
- Early adulthood
- Middle adulthood
- Late adulthood
- Cuban American
- Puerto Rican
- 71-79 years
- 80+ years
- Female
- $5,500 or less
- $5,501- $15,000
- Missing income
- Grade school
- High school
- Church 
- Friends


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelSupport from Friends, Neighbors and Relatives
Page in Source 50,67,74,133,138
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months. How have your friends, neighbors 
and relatives helped you to manage? How often in the 
past two months did friends, neighbors and relatives do 
each of the following?
Verbal support: 
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b. Listened to my problems. 
c. Was understanding or sympathetic. 
d. Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem.
Instrumental support:
a. Handled child's sickness or other emergency. 
b. Took care of some of my responsibilities when I was 
especially tired or busy. 
c. Took care of children before or after school.
Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very often, 8 = not applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,9, SD=.69, Married Mothers M = 2,4 SD = .76, Single Mothers M=2,6 SD=.82
Error Estimatesalpha=.83 Verbal support: alpha=.89, Instrumental support alpha = .71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.13 ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.33 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.03 ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.03 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.07 ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.03 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from spouse
- support from co-workers
- support from supervisors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse, 
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelResentment from Friends, Neighbors and Relatives
Page in Source 50,133,138,141,143
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months. How have your friends, neighbors 
and relatives helped you to manage? How often in the 
past two months did friends, neighbors and relatives do 
each of the following?
1. Held my job responsibilities against me. 2. Showed 
resentment of my needs as a working parent. 3. Was 
critical of my efforts to combine work and family.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very Often, 8 = Not Applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,2, SD=.45, Married Mothers M = 1,4 SD = .62, Single Mothers M=1,6 SD = .81
Error Estimatesalpha = .78

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.26 p < .01
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.08 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.10
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.02 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.13 ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyLinn & McGranahan (1980): study US 1984
TitlePersonal Disruptions, Social Integration, Subjective Well-Being and Predisposition towards the Use of Counseling Services.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1980, Vol. 8, 87 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00892284
PublicPhysicians, California, USA, 1984
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =211

Correlate
Author's labelSocializing
Page in Source 834
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Selfreported of typical behaviours in the past 6 month 
to make one feel better:
- Attending plays, movies or concert
- Going out for dinner in a restayrant with friends or 
family
- Visiting friends or familr in their homes
- Talking on the telephone with friends about non-work 
related activities
Rated: never(1) to daily (6)
Observed distributionM = Attending plays etc 2.98, Going out etc 3.77, Visiting etc 3.03, Talking etc 3.55

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyAdams (1988): study US 1981
TitleWhich comes First: Poor Psychological Well-Being or Decreased Friendship Activity?
SourceActivities, Adaptation and Aging, 1988, Vol. 12, 27 - 41
DOIDOI:10.1300/J016v12n01_03
Public62+ aged, white non-married females, middle class suburb of Chicago, USA. followed 1981-84
Sample
Non-ResponseDropout : 27% due to incapacity, 13% refusal
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelInteraction with friends
Page in Source 35/36
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Ss were first asked to list the persons they consider 
as friends. Next they estimated the number of contacts 
in the last year with each of these.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 p < .05
Synchronic correlation at T1.     

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 ns
Synchronic correlation at T2.     
The correlation has decreased between T1 and T2.
(difference in r .14).

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.04 ns
Diachronic correlation: T1 interaction by T2 
happiness, controlled for T1 happiness.
Rpc indicates the effect of earlier interaction on 
later CHANGE IN HAPPINESS.

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.08 ns
Diachronic correlation: T1 happiness by T2 
interaction, controlled for T1 interaction.
Rpc indicates the EFFECT OF EARLIER HAPPINESS on 
later change in interaction.

There is neither effect of interaction on 
happiness, nor effect of happiness on interaction 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyBeals (1985): study US 1978
TitleGenerational Differences in Well-being for two European Groups.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicImmigrants from Europe, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =844

Correlate
Author's labelContacts with friends
Page in Source 80,91
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Contacts the one (ggod) you most often talk to.
1: less than once a year
2: less than once a month
3: once time a month or more
4: once a week or more
5: almost daily

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-aL=+.10 ns
L standardized direct path coefficient in a 
LISREL-model, controlled for contacts with 
relatives, perceptions of US-life, immigration- 
generation and socioeconomic status. Also involved 
in the model are cognitive well-being and negative 
affect.
                        
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bL=+.03 ns
L standardized direct path coefficient in a 
LISREL-model, controlled for perceptions of 
US-life, contacts with relatives, socioeconomic 
status and immigration generation. Also involved 
in the model are positive and negative affect.
               
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.12 p < .01
Immigrants from Western Europe
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-br=+.07 p < .05
Immigrants from Western Europe
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.12 p < .01
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-br=+.10 p < .05
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974 /1
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin-residents, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 221
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
1: less than once a week
2: once or more times a week
3: daily  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.11 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
 controlled for 1+2+3+4+5 :                
1: education, occupation, income, level of living
2: live alone, married, children, contact with
   relatives,church attendance, organizational
   membership. 
3: health problems, recent move, separated/   
   divorced, unemployed.                       
4: retired,widowed.
5: urban living, rural living, female.

 in different age groups:
under 30: +.00 (ns)    30-49   : +.18 (05)
50-64   : +.10 (05)    over 64 : +.03 (ns)

               
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
 controlled for 2 only:
interaction with age significant (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =534

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 229
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single direct question:
1: less than once a week
2: once or more times a week
3: daily

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for education, occupation, income, 
live alone, married status, contact with 
relatives, church attendance, organization 
membership, separated / divorced, retired, 
widowed, place of residence, sexe, age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyPalisi & Canning (1986): study US 1974
TitleUrbanism and Psychological Well-Being: A Test of Three Theories.
SourceSociological Spectrum, 1986, Vol. 6, 361 - 378
DOIDOI: 10.1080/02732173.1986.9981797
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7542

Correlate
Author's labelSocial relationshipswith friends
Page in Source 369
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single closed question on spending a social evening 
with friends, rated on a 7-point scale, ranging from 
"almost every day" to "never" (order reversed).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.04 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aarpc=+.07 p < .01
rpc controlled for income, occupation, educational 
degree, children, age, marital status, race, sex, 
urbanism.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyMartinson et al. (1984): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitlePredicting overall Life Satisfaction: The Role of Life Cycle and Social Psychological Antecedents.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 99 - 108
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315724
Public18+aged, general public, N.W. Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 104
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single direct question:
1: less than once a week
2: once a week
3: two or more times a week

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
age <30:  = +.02  ns
30 - 49:  = +.07  ns
50 - 64:  = -.02  ns
   > 64:  = +.05  ns

 controlled for powerlessness, community 
solidarity, health, days too sick to work, recent 
move, separated/ divorced, unemployed, contact 
with friends, church attendance, organizational 
membership, education, family income.



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyMartinson et al. (1985): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleLife Change, Health Status and Life Satisfaction: A Reconsideration.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 301 - 313
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00415128
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response14%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 309
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Single direct question:
1: less than once a week
2: once a week
3: two or more times a week

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=
 of different age groups:
under 30 :  .00  ns     30-49   : +.07  ns
50-54    : -.02  ns     over 64 : +.05  ns

 controlled for: negative life change, degree of 
disability, days lost due to illness, 
powerlessness, community solidarity, recent 
migrant, contact with relatives, organizational 
affiliation, church attendance, separated / 
divorced, sex, unemployed, family income, 
education. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyLinn et al. (1986): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleFactors Associated with Life Satisfaction among Practising Internists.
SourceMedical Care, 1986, Vol. 24, 830 - 837
Public18+ aged, general public, NW-Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response7-24 %
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelContact with friends
Page in Source 95
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Direct question: "How often do you talk to one or more 
of your close friends living in the county?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ab=+ ns
B controlled for:
sex, education, income, occupation, health, 
divorce/separation, unemployment;
age and its interaction with health, divorce and 
unemployment.
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ab=+ ns
B controlled for:
sex, education, income, occupation, health, 
divorce/separation, unemployment;
age and its interaction with health, divorce and 
unemployment.
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ab=+ p < .01
Interaction with health problems
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ab=+ p < .05
interaction with health
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ab=+ ns
interaction with divorce
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ab=+ p < .05
Interaction with divorce
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ab=+ ns
interaction with unemployment
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ab=+ p < .05
interaction with unemployed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyTissue & Wells (1971): study US 1971
TitleAntecedent Life Styles and Old Age.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1971, Vol. 29, 1100
PublicApplicants for old age assistance, USA, 1971.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of contact with friends
Page in Source 29
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Self report. Question not reported.
Remarks
Current contacts correlated with retrospective contacts 
in middle adulthood (age 30-60).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-at.=1.94 p < .05
Only among elderly who reported to have had much 
social contacts in middle adulthood ('actives'). 
Not among earlier 'loners' and 'intermediates'.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyAlexander (1969): study US 1964
TitleSome Sociological Aspects of Psychological Well-Being in a Schizofrenic Population: Social Class, Participation and Work.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1969, USA
PublicSchizophrenic males non-hospitalized, Monroe County, New York, USA, 1964-65
Sample
Non-Response28%, most of them patients'or family member refusal
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelContacts with friends
Page in Source 153
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Closed question: less than once a 
month / between once a month and once a week / at least 
once a week

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-fG= +
Index of Positive Affects only: G = +.19 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response 20%, Attrition 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelContacts with friends other than relatives
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Direct question on how many times one got together with 
friends, during the past few weeks, rated on a 6-point 
scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+
Data T1.
Not computed for summed ABS.
Index of Positive Affects: G= +.25
Index of Negative Affects: G= +.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyPhillips (1967a): study US NewHampshire 1962
TitleSocial Participation and Happiness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1967, Vol. 72, 479 - 488
Public21+ aged, general public, New Hampshire, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelContacts with friends
Page in Source 483-484
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Direct question on how many times one got together with 
friends during the past few weeks 0 / 1-2 / 3 or more.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.22
Unaffected by mental health (see Phill 1967B, p. 
288).
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG= +
Index of Positive Affects: G = +.34
 High S.E.S.             : d = +.11
 Medium S.E.S.           : d = +.22
 Low S.E.S.              : d = +.35
Index of Negative Affects: G = +.03
 High S.E.S.             : G = -.09
 Medium S.E.S.           : G = +.02
 Low S.E.S.              : G = +.07
(See PHILL  1969, p. 7).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current contacts with friends
Subject code: F06ac

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelContacts with friends other than relatives
Page in Source 43
Our classificationCurrent contacts with friends, code F06ac
Operationalization
Closed question on frequency of contact during last 
week, rated on a 5-point scale: not at all / once / 
twice.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eG= +
Index of Positive Affects only: G' = +.31 (01).
Unaffected by S.E.S.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyWinkelmann (2009): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleUnemployment, Social Capital, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 421 - 430
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10902-008-9097-2#page-1
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9097-2
PublicEmployed, who fell unemployed, West-Germany 1984-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5536

Correlate
Author's labelActive social life
Page in Source 20
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Attending at least once a week (yes or no) in:
a Cultural events
b Entertainment events
c Sport
d Visiting friend, relative
e Voluntary work
f Church services

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
                                male   female
Attending cultural events       +,370  +,614
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-
Attending entertainment events  -,101 -,068
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Sport                           +,427  +,502
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Visiting friend, relative       +,224  +,374
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Engaging in voluntary work      +,155  +,186
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Attending church services       +,212  +,350

B's controlled for
-sex
-nationality
-age
-marital status
-education
-East/West-germany

B denotes p[oints difference in happiness on scale 
0-10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2004
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22012

Correlate
Author's labelVisit to/from neighbours
Page in Source 508
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Have you any neighbours with whom you get on so well 
that you visit each other?
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.15 p < .01
IN WEST-GERMANY
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.18 p < .01
IN EAST-GERMANY

B's controlled for:
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) perceived local safety
  b) urbanization
  c) close contacts with neighbours
  d) rate of removal
  e) neighbourhood status
- personal characteristics
  a) openness
  b) conscientiousness
  c) extraversion
  d) agreeableness
  e) neuroticism
  f) external locus of control
  g) internal locus of control
  h) status compared to others in neighbourhood
  i) gender
  j) nationality
  k) age and age squared
  l) household income
  m) education
  n) marital status
  o) mental health
  p) physical health
  q) having children

East-Germany is the former communist German 
Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 
with West-Germany.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyErlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002
TitleNowhere Better Than Here? The Subjective Well-Being of German Emigrants and Remigrants.
SourceComparative Population Studies-Zeitschrift fr Bevlkerungswissenschaft, 2011, Vol. 36, 899 -926
URLhttp://www.comparativepopulationstudies.de/index.php/CPoS/article/view/80
Public15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11096

Correlate
Author's labelMeets friends
Page in Source 911, 916, 918
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Using this card, how often do you meet socially with 
friends, relatives or work colleagues?

Rescaled to:
1) never/rarely
2) regularly (reference)
3) frequently

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.18 p < .01
FREQUENTLY
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.42 p < .01
NEVER/RARELY 

B's controlled for:
- immigration status
- age
- age^2
- education
- employment
- gender
- partner
- children
- health
- general trustfullness
- satisfaction with democracy
- frequency of praying
- income

Similar results are observed for happiness-measure 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyPalisi & Canning (1983): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleUrbanism and Social Psychological Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Test of Three Theories.
SourceThe Sociological Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 24, 527 - 543
PublicMales, metropolitan areas, England, USA, Australia, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelVisit friends
Page in Source 537/8
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Single direct question on how frequently (daily or 
never) one visits friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.23
London
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=+.12 ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.08
Los Angeles
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=+.18 p < .05
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.12
Sydney
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=+.24 p < .001
Controled for: Neighborhood (centre or suburb), 
type of house (single family home or not), marital 
status, education, native born or not, and age. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudySimoes et al. (2009): study PT 2001
TitlePersonal and Social Features in Adolescent's Health.
SourceFreire, T.;Ed.: "Understanding Positive Life Research and Practice on Positive Psychology", Climepsi, 2009, Lisboa, Portugal, 105 - 116
PublicAdolescents, Portugal, 2001-02
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6109

Correlate
Author's labelFriends
Page in Source 108,112
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions regarding:
A number of close male and female friends:
  1: none
  2: one
  3: two
  4: three or more
B Days a week stayed with friends after school:
  0 
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
C Days spent evenings with friends
  0
  1
  2
  4
  5
  6 days
D ease in making new friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-tBeta=+.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- family
- family affluence
- psychological symptoms
- school
- class mates
- body satisfaction
- life satisfaction
- teachers
- physical symptoms
- food intake
- physical activity
- risk behaviours
- social competency


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudySisteen et al. (1990): study SE 1985
TitleThe Quality of Life of Three Functional Spinal Cord Injury Subgroups in a Swedish Community.
SourceParaplegia, 1990, Vol. 28, 476 -- 488
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2263404
PublicSpinal Cord Injury, Swedish, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =56

Correlate
Author's labelSocial and recreational activities
Page in Source Table VI
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Taking part in given social activities e. g. cinema, 
restaurant, visiting friends over the past month was 
noted. 
Full question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-cr=+.39 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelMeeting friends and relatives
Page in Source 33, 34, 39
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
How often do you meet friends or relatives who are not 
living with you, whether here at your home or 
elsewhere?
1 Never and Less often than once a month
2 Once or twice a month
3 Once or twice a week
4 On most days
Observed distributionRange= a-d:1-4 M=3,31 SD=0,94 Frequencies in %: All Men Women Age<=30 Age>30 1: 2 3 2 1 3 2: 11 12 9 6 13 3: 40 42 39 31 44 4: 47 43 50 62 40
Remarks
Due to a small number of respondents Less often than 
once a month is considered as Never

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.21 p < .01
2 Once or twice a month (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.30 p < .01
3 Once or twice a week (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.38 p < .01
4 On most days (vs. 1)

B's controlled for:
- frequency of talking to neighbours
- gender
- age
- socioeconomic variables:
 - real household income
 - marital status
 - employment status 
 - look after home
 - health status
 - education level
 - household size 
 - home ownership
 - days spent in hospital
 - number of children

Robust OLS. Ordered Probit analysis and ordered 
probit analysis without socioeconomic variables 
yield similar results


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelSocializing with friends
Page in Source 193
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
% time socializing with friends when beeped
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
Beta controlled for
- age
- gender
- SES
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=+2,6 p < .009


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyPalisi (1986): study US 1977
TitleFriendship in Three Metropolitan Areas: Cross-Cultural Evidence of its Voluntariness.
SourceJournal of Voluntary Action Research, 1986, Vol. 15, 67 - 78
DOIDOI: 10.1177/089976408601500408
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
Sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelVisiting friends
Page in Source 75
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Single direct question on how frequently (daily to 
never) respondents visit with friends in either's home.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.08 ns
London
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 ns
London
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.12 ns
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.13 p < .05
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .05
Los Angeles
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 p < .05
Los Angeles
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.16 p < .01
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.07 p < .01
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 ns
Sydney
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.23 p < .001
Sydney
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.13 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.23 p < .001
Rpc controlled for: marital status, education and 
age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to friends
Subject code: F06ac01

StudyAngrist (1974): study US 1974
TitleDimensions of Well-Being in Public Housing Families.
SourceEnvironment and Behavior, 1974, Vol. 6, 495 - 516
PublicPublic housing tenants, USA, 1974
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelSocial ties
Page in Source 504, 510
Our classificationVisits to friends, code F06ac01
Operationalization
Selfreport of frequency of visiting friends outside the 
neighborhood:
1: once a week
4: never
Remarks
 Implications for greater sociability and maintaining 
ties to the wider world beyond the project.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-aa=-.02
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aa=-.04
Rotated factor loading in a model with 39 other 
variables, of which most involve housing quality, 
living environment, neighbors and relatives.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Telephone calls with friends
Subject code: F06ac02

StudyPayne (1974): study GB 1972
TitleN.M. Bradburn's Measures of Psychological Well-Being: An Attempt at Replication.
SourceM.C.R. Social and Applied Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield, 1974, UK
PublicEmployed males, supervising jobs, England, 197?
Sample
Non-Response4% incomplete.
Respondents N =192

Correlate
Author's labelTalking with friendson telephone
Page in Source 17
Our classificationTelephone calls with friends, code F06ac02
Operationalization
Direct question on number of times per day, rated on a 
5-point scale ranging from 'none' to '4 or more'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aG=
Index of Positive Affects: G = -.08
Index of Negative AFfects: G = -.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Telephone calls with friends
Subject code: F06ac02

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response 20%, Attrition 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelChatting with friends on telephone
Our classificationTelephone calls with friends, code F06ac02
Operationalization
Direct question on how many times a day during the past 
few weeks, rated on a 6-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+
Data T1.
Not computed for summed ABS.
Index of Positive Affects: G= +.20
Index of Negative Affects: G= +.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Telephone calls with friends
Subject code: F06ac02

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelTelephone contacts with friends
Page in Source 43
Our classificationTelephone calls with friends, code F06ac02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 6-point scale: none / less 
than one a day / once a day or more.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eG= +
Index of Positive Affects only: G' = +.22 (01)
U-shaped curve: Those with less than 1 telephone 
contact a day having most positive feelings.
Lower among high S.E.S        : G' = +.12 (ns)
Stronger among low S.E.S.     : G' = +.26 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance of parties
Subject code: F06ac03

StudyBulatao (1973): study PH Manila 1972
TitleMeasures of Happiness among Manila Residents.
SourcePhilippine Sociological Review, 1973, Vol. 21, 229 - 238
Public21+ aged, general public, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1972
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response-
Respondents N =941

Correlate
Author's labelAttending parties
Page in Source 232
Our classificationAttendance of parties, code F06ac03
Operationalization
Direct question: not at all / once / more than once in 
the past week.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG= +
Males   : G = +.42
Females : G = +.47
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fG= +
Males   : G = +.19
Females : G = +.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance of parties
Subject code: F06ac03

StudyAlexander (1969): study US 1964
TitleSome Sociological Aspects of Psychological Well-Being in a Schizofrenic Population: Social Class, Participation and Work.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1969, USA
PublicSchizophrenic males non-hospitalized, Monroe County, New York, USA, 1964-65
Sample
Non-Response28%, most of them patients'or family member refusal
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelAttending parties
Page in Source 153
Our classificationAttendance of parties, code F06ac03
Operationalization
Direct question: never / once a month or less / more 
than once a month

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-fG= +
Index of Positive Affects only: G = +.28 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelConfide with whom
Page in Source 353
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
a: Spouse
b: Household members
c: Friends and neighbours
d: Social workers
e: No one
Observed distributionPercent: a = 12,5, b = 68,5, c = 8,4, d = 2,2, e = 8,3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
a. M = 3,64
b. M = 3,73
c. M = 3,48
d. M = 3,91
e. M = 3,26
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 71,49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyVieno et al. (2009): study IT Veneto 2006
TitleHealth Status in Immigrants and Native Early Adolescents in Italy.
SourceJournal of Community Health, 2009, Vol. 34,181 -187
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10900-008-9144-2
Public10-18 aged general public, Vieno: Italy, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6744

Correlate
Author's labelFriends support
Page in Source 183, 185
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
self-report on four questions:
a) My friend really tries to help me
b) I can count on my friend when things go wrong
c) I can tell my friend my problems and troubles
d) I can talk about my problems with my friend.

Rated:
1:strongly disagree 
7:strongly agree

Scores are averaged
Observed distributionM=5.74
Remarks
Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Social 
Support:

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Immigrant (born in Italy or not)
- Gender
- Age
- Family socio-economic status
- Number of friends
- Bullying victimization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyAhmadyar (2016): study NL 2016
TitleDo the determinants of happiness differ between immigrants and home-stayers? A comparison between Afghansin the Netherlands and Afghanistan
SourceMaster thesis Msc Program in Urban Management and Development, Erasmus university Rotterdam
Public+18 aged Afghan immigrants, The Netherlands, 2016
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =141

Correlate
Author's labelImmigrants Intimate Friend
Page in Source 36-37
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
How many people, if any, are there with whom you can 
discuss intimate and personal matters?
a-None
b-One person
c-Four people
d-5-8 people
e-9 or more people

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aR=.68 p < .05
The more intimate discussions, the happier.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdR=.69 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interaction with peers
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about feeling in the last 
week 
- I got on well with youngsters of my own age
- A could talk to a friend about personal things or 
problems

Rated on an 3 point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx=1.86; SD/nx=.74 (nx= number of items in he subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha=.72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelTopics for discussion among firends
Page in Source question 97
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
What the most often do your friends discuss when they 
get together? 
a household chores 
b children
c prices, purchases, lines
d work matters
e TV programs, newspaper articles
f politics
g sport
h common friends
i women (men)
j entertainments
k other things
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = a: 46,8% b: 39,5% c: 58,9% d: 10,6% e: 27,9% f: 26,4% g: 4,5% h: 21,6% i: 11,5% j: 9% k: 2,4% DK/NA: 4,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=
   mentioned   not mentioned   differences
a: M = 2,52    M = 2,52          0,00
b: M = 2,54    M = 2,50        + 0,04 
c: M = 2,45    M = 2,63        - 0,18
d: M = 2,55    M = 2,52        + 0,03
e: M = 2,56    M = 2,51        + 0,05 
f: M = 2,58    M = 2,50        + 0,08
g: M = 2,85    M = 2,51        + 0,34
h: M = 2,51    M = 2,52        - 0,01
i: M = 2,62    M = 2,51        - 0,11
j: M = 2,69    M = 2,50        + 0,19
k: M = 2,67    M = 2,52        + 0,15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelVariety of topics for discussion among friends
Page in Source question 97
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
What the most often do your friends discuss when they 
get together? 
a household chores 
b children
c prices, purchases, lines
d work matters
e TV programs, newspaper articles
f politics
g sport
h common friends
i women (men)
j entertainments
k other things
- DK/NA
Observed distributionM = 2,59 SD = 0,9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hr=+.05 p < .20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyPalisi (1986): study US 1977
TitleFriendship in Three Metropolitan Areas: Cross-Cultural Evidence of its Voluntariness.
SourceJournal of Voluntary Action Research, 1986, Vol. 15, 67 - 78
DOIDOI: 10.1177/089976408601500408
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
Sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelDiscussions with friends
Page in Source 75
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
Single direct question on how frequently (daily to 
never) respondents have intimate discussions with 
friends.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
Los Angeles
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 ns
Los Angeles
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.12 p < .05
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.06 ns
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.14 p < .01
Sydney
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.27 p < .001
Sydney
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.30 p < .001
Rpc controlled for: marital status, education and 
age.
In London discussions with friends not measured.
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.15 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimate discussions
Subject code: F06ac04

StudyBennett (1970): study US 1969
TitleAvowed Happiness in Communities of Religious Women.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1970, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bennett_fa_1970.pdf
PublicNuns, Catholic congregations, USA, 1969
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response11,5%
Respondents N =963

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Page in Source 38
Our classificationIntimate discussions, code F06ac04
Operationalization
Self report on singlke question: How frequently do you 
feel lonely?
4: often
3: occasionally
2: very seldom
1: never

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fr=-.50 p < .001
Those who claimed to have a friend in the convent 
with whom they can discuss their deepest feelings 
tend also to avow greater happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Conflicts with friends
Subject code: F06ac05

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly at social gatherings
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationConflicts with friends, code F06ac05
Operationalization
1 visit at least once a month friends, relatives or 
neighbours
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=159673 M=0.78 sd=0.41

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.22 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.19 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Betas controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Conflicts with friends
Subject code: F06ac05

StudyDemir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007
TitleI am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211
DOIDOI:10,1007/s10902-006-9012-7
PublicUniversity students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =423

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship conflict
Page in Source 191, 194
Our classificationConflicts with friends, code F06ac05
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
- My best friend and I have many quarrels
- My best friend and I argue a lot
- My best friend can bug me or annoy me even though I 
ask him not to do
- My best friend makes me upset or mad
- My best friend and I disagree a lot

Rated 0 (never) to 8 (always)
Observed distributionmean 2.51, SD 1.62
Error Estimates? = 0.88
Remarks
Five items taken from existing scales (Bukowski et al., 
1994; Parker and Asher, 1993)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-ar=-.28 p < .05
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=-.06 ns
Beta controlled for
- gender
- extraversion
- neuroticism
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness
- openness
- friendship quality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current friendship network
Subject code: F06ad

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelAvailabilty of friends
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent friendship network, code F06ad
Operationalization
Selfreport
Questions not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-0-ar=+.22 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current friendship network
Subject code: F06ad

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelHave confidante
Page in Source 317, 323-325
Our classificationCurrent friendship network, code F06ad
Operationalization
Self report on question whether to have a confidante or 
not.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.01 ns
Married men
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.07 ns
Married Women
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=+.02 ns
Widowed women

Beta's controlled for:
-living arrangement
-age
-health
-personal income
-country of birth
-years in Canada
-English-speaking ability
-number of close friends
-see children as often as want


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current friendship network
Subject code: F06ad

StudyRosenfield (1992): study US 1988
TitleFactors Contributing to the Subjective Quality of Life of the Chronic Mentally Ill.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1992, Vol. 33, 299 - 315
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2137310?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Public20-70 aged, chronic mental patients, USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelSocial skills
Page in Source 305, 312
Our classificationCurrent friendship network, code F06ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on 6 questions related to e.g.
- help in relationships
- communicating
- developing trust
- increasing friends
- self-confidence in relating
Rated on a 3-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM=1,82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.18 ns
Beta controlled for:
- demographic characteristics:
  - age
  - sex
  - education
  - race
- number of negative events in the last year
- functioning in het area of:
  - daily living skills
  - vocational skills
- need for structure
- need for supervision
- social contacts
- positive symptoms
- negative symptoms


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current friendship network
Subject code: F06ad

StudyTissue & Wells (1971): study US 1971
TitleAntecedent Life Styles and Old Age.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1971, Vol. 29, 1100
PublicApplicants for old age assistance, USA, 1971.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelMembership in a special group or clique of friends
Page in Source 29
Our classificationCurrent friendship network, code F06ad
Operationalization
Self report. Questions not reported.
Remarks
Current contacts correlated with retrospective contacts 
in middle adulthood (age 30-60).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-at.=1.71 p < .05
Only among elderly who reported to have had much 
social contacts in middle adulthood ('actives'). 
Not among earlier 'loners' and 'intermediates'.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Friends are friends
Subject code: F06ad02

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelRelative closedness of circle of acquaintances.
Page in Source 29
Our classificationFriends are friends, code F06ad02
Operationalization
Question: 'Do your friends and acqaint-
ances also know each other?'
Response categories ranged from
1: no, practically none
.
.
5: yes, practically all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=+.24 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Married friends
Subject code: F06ad03

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of married people among 4 closest friends
Page in Source 203
Our classificationMarried friends, code F06ad03
Operationalization
Direct questions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+
Computed for never marrieds only.

Males  : r = +.05
Females: r = +.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current characteristics of friends
Subject code: F06ae

StudyWalters & McKenry (1985): study US 1983
TitlePredictors of Life Satisfaction Among Rural and Urban Employed Mothers: A Research Note.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 1067 - 1071
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicEmployed mothers, rural and urban areas USA,1983
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =237

Correlate
Author's labelPresence of female friends at the place of employment
Page in Source 1068
Our classificationCurrent characteristics of friends, code F06ae
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-ar= ns
The paper reports significant correlations only. 
Since no correlation with this variable is 
mentioned we infer it was non-significant.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current characteristics of friends
Subject code: F06ae

StudyWalters & McKenry (1985): study US 1983
TitlePredictors of Life Satisfaction Among Rural and Urban Employed Mothers: A Research Note.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 1067 - 1071
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicEmployed mothers, rural and urban areas USA,1983
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =237

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship with women who are also employed outside the home
Page in Source 1068
Our classificationCurrent characteristics of friends, code F06ae
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-ar= ns
The paper reports significant correlations only. 
Since no correlation with this variable is 
mentioned we infer it was non-significant.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Finding friends
Subject code: F06af

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft fr Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelEasyness to find good friends
Page in Source 438
Our classificationFinding friends, code F06af
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How easy do you think it 
is for a person to find good friends?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:4%, 1:5%, 2:9%, 3:8%, 4:9%, 5:12%, 6:11%, 7:14%, 8:13%, 9:6%, 10:5%,DKNA:2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 6.6  M = 5.1             +1.5
top 3:  M = 6.1  M = 4.6             +1.5 
top 5:  M = 5.8  M = 4.0             +1.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to friendship
Subject code: F06ag

StudyWelzel & Inglehart (2010): study ZZ World samples 1995
TitleAgency, Values, and Well-Being: A Human Development Model
SourceJournal of happiness Studies, 2010, Vol. 97, 43 - 63
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9557-z
Public18+ aged, general public, 89 nations, 1995-2005
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =250000

Correlate
Author's labelCommunion emphasis
Page in Source 59
Our classificationAttitudes to friendship, code F06ag
Operationalization
a: People's emphasis on family as an important life 
domain
b: People's emphasis on friends as an important life 
domain

Communion = a+b

Normalized into a scale from 0 for someone attributing 
no importance to both family and friends to 1 for 
someone attributing high importance to both.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.10 p < .001
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL communion 
emphasis in 76 nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab= ns
Unaffected by:
-agentic strategies 
-Western tradition
-interaction with agency feeling
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=
For the same level of monetary saturation:
Communion is negatively associated with happiness 
(b interaction=-.07, p<.01).

Unaffected by interactions with:
-agentic strategies
-Western tradition

b controls for:
-societal characteristics
 -Western tradition
 -agentic life strategies
-individual characteristics
 -biological age
 -female sex
 -income level
 -education level
-interaction between societal characteristics 
(agentic strategy and Western tradition) with 
individual characteristics:
 -communion emphasis (people's emphasis on family 
and friends as important life domains)
 -monetary saturation (satisfaction with financial 
situation of household)
 -agency feeling
 -agency feeling*monetary saturation
 -agency feeling*communion
 -communion*monetary saturation


Method used is hierarchical linear modeling.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to friendship
Subject code: F06ag

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of friends and social relationships
Our classificationAttitudes to friendship, code F06ag
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "friends and social relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,03 SD: 1,42, Non-exercisers: M: 7,39 SD: 2,15
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.26 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to friendship
Subject code: F06ag

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of friends and social relationships
Our classificationAttitudes to friendship, code F06ag
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "friends and social relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,90 SD: 1,62
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.11 p < .13
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.17 p < .01
Beta after accounting for perceived contribution 
to general happiness of:
- personal strenghts, skills and resources
- faith, religion, ethics or moral values


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to friendship
Subject code: F06ag

StudyCheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2001
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
DOIDOI:10.1016/SO191-8869(02)00078-8
PublicStudents. London, UK, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelRelation with friends
Page in Source 928.932
Our classificationAttitudes to friendship, code F06ag
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about relationship with 
friends 
1 very badly
2
3
4
5 very well
Remarks
Ful text not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.39 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.30 p < .001
PA: r = +.29 (001)
NA: r = -.26 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to friendship
Subject code: F06ag

StudyLance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/229529155_A_Comparison_Between_BottomUp_TopDown_and_Bidirectional_Models_of_Relationships_Between_Global_and_Life_Facet_Satisfaction
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelSupport from friends
Page in Source 607, 610
Our classificationAttitudes to friendship, code F06ag
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
As a source of personal and emotional support, how 
would you rate your friends?

Rated: 1=poor 9=excellent
Observed distributionMean 6,74 SD 1,63
Error Estimatesthree-week retest r=+.80

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.28 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to friendship
Subject code: F06ag

StudyCosta et al. (1985): study US 1958
TitleLongitudinal Course of Social Support among Men in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
SourceSarason, I.G., Sarason, B.R., Eds.: "Social Support", Martinus Nijhof, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 137 - 154
PublicMarried males, followed 12 years Baltimore, USA, 1958-1970
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T3: 82%
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelQuantity and qualityof friendships
Page in Source 142
Our classificationAttitudes to friendship, code F06ag
Operationalization
Obtained by factor analysis.
Factor consisting of 8 items.
Items with high loading:
" My many friends make my life happy and cheerful".
"I have more friends than I ever had before".
"How many friends do you have?"
Questions administered at T1.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-h-sq-v-3-ar=+.29 p < .01
Happiness assessed at T1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelImportant in life: friends
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
"For each of the following, indicate how important it 
is in your life: friends."
4: Very important
3: Rather important
2: Not very important
1: Not at all important
Error Estimatess.e.=.052
Remarks
Values recoded by team WDH.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.17 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation 
    - income   
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CA 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3358

Correlate
Author's labelImportant in life: friends
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
"For each of the following, indicate how important it 
is in your life: friends."
4: Very important
3: Rather important
2: Not very important
1: Not at all important
Error Estimatess.e.=.052

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation 
    - income   
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

StudyMan (1991): study CN 1983
TitleThe Influence of Peers and Parents on Youth Life Satisfaction in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 24, 347 - 365
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00383734
Public13-16 aged students, Hong Kong, 1983-1984.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1906

Correlate
Author's labelpeer orientation
Page in Source 358
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
Peer orientation index consisting of 6 items as to the 
degree to which the adolescent feels attached to his 
peers.
Observed distributionRange 4-22. Tricholomized into 4-9 (low), 10-13 (medium) and 14-22 (high).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-n-7-aDM=+
         Grade 1     Grade 4 
Low      M= 4.16      3.78
Medium   M= 4.03      3.83
High     M= 3.86      3.68
All      M= 4.00      3.76

Significant (.05) in grade 1 (young), not 
significant in grade 4 (older)
O-SLW-?-sq-n-7-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelImportant in life: friends
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
"For each of the following, indicate how important it 
is in your life: friends."
4: Very important
3: Rather important
2: Not very important
1: Not at all important
Error Estimatess.e.=.073

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.05 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation 
    - income   
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study EE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =816

Correlate
Author's labelImportant in life: friends
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
"For each of the following, indicate how important it 
is in your life: friends."
4: Very important
3: Rather important
2: Not very important
1: Not at all important
Error Estimatess.e.=.102

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.08 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation 
    - income   
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft fr Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of friends
Page in Source 437
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
How important is it for your happiness to have good 
friends?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:4%, 7:10%, 8:24%, 9:22%, 10:31%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.1             +0.9
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.8             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 8.6  M = 7.4             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study ZZ OECD member states 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, 32 OECD member states,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92338

Correlate
Author's labelImportant in life: friends
Page in Source 15,20,36,37
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.11 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness and INDIVIDUAL importance of 
friends
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.20 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+23 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness and AVERAGE importance of 
friends

Beta's controlled for:
  - individual characteristics
     - income
     - poverty
     - self rated health
     - employment status
     - national unemployment rate
     - education
     - air pollution
     - freedom of choice
     - trust in people
  - national corruption
     - sexe
     - age
     - divorced
     - number of children


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about friends
Subject code: F06ag01

StudySelim (2008): study TR 1990
TitleLife Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 531 - 562
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9218-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6338

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of friends
Page in Source 547, 553
Our classificationConcern about friends, code F06ag01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about importance of 
friends:
0 unimportance of friends (reference)
1 importance of friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+. p < .01
importance of friends (compared to unimportance of 
friends)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+ p < .01
importance of friends (unimportance of friends)

OLRC's are controled for:
- year dummies
- gender
- age
- marital status
- number of childeren
- education level
- type of employment
- income scales
- health status 
- importance of life domains
- political orientations and trust

OLRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes. Values are therefore not reported in this 
abstract.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHeadey (1985): study AU AU Victoria 1985
TitleVictorian Panel Data, 1985
SourceUnpublished Report, University of Melbourne, 1985, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Melbourne, Australia, 1985
Sample
Non-Response55%
Respondents N =550

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships and leisure
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 9-point 
delighted-terrible scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.39 p < .05
 controlled for satisfaction with: marriage and 
sex, job, standard of living, and health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHeadey et al. (1991): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleTop-down versus Bottom-up Theories of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 24, 81 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00292652
Public18-65 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981-1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =942

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship
Page in Source 94
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Index of 4 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: The people you see socially
b: Your friends
c: The friends of opposite sex you have
d: How much you are accepted and included by others
All scored on a 1-9 rating scale, summation by average.
Remarks
Panel analysis over four waves (1981, 1983, 1985, 1987) 
which estimates following effects
 - bottom up: effect of satisfaction with friends on 
life satisfaction
 - topdown: effect of life satisfaction on satisfaction 
with friends
 - contemporaneous: within wave correlation
 - lagged: over time (waves) correlation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=-.01 ns
Contemporaneous bottom up: satisfaction with their 
friends makes people happy
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.06 ns
Contemporaneous top down: happy people are 
satisfied with their friends
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=-.01 ns
Lagged bottom up:  satisfaction with their friends 
makes people happy
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.04 ns
Lagged top down: happy people are satisfied with 
their friends

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
 - marriage
 - job
 - standard of living
 - leisure
 - health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship satisfaction
Page in Source 76
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport
Questions not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-0-ar=+.40 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHeadey & Veenhoven (1989): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDoes Happiness Induce a Rosy Outlook?
SourceVeenhoven, R.;Ed.:"How Harmful is Happiness?", Universitaire Pers Rotterdam, 1989, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 106 - 127
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/89c-full.pdf
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 6 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1981-87
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T4: 31%
Respondents N =649

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source ll6
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Index of two identical questions asked at the beginning 
and the end of the interview (20 minute interval).   
Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from terrible (1) to 
delightfull (9). Assessed at T1 (1981), T2 (1983),
T3 (1985) and T4 (1987). 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aL= ns
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT ON HAPPINESS of 
satisfaction with friends (bottum-up).

O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aL= ns
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT OF HAPPINESS on 
satisfaction with friends (top-down).

Effect assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4.     
Effects assumed to be identical at all times. 
L is the path-coefficient in a four wave LISREL 
model. T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and 
neuroticism are controlled.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHeadey et al. (1984a): study AU 1978
TitleThe Impact of Life Events and Changes in Domain Satisfactions on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 203 - 227
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00668671
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 3 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1979-80
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with contacts with friends
Page in Source 211
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed  question rated on a 9- point scale (delighted 
...  terrible) Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.20 p < .05
Happiness T2 by satisfaction T2, controlling for 
happiness T1 and satisfaction T1.

 can be interpreted as regression between CHANGE 
OF HAPPINESS and CHANGE OF SATISFACTION in time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelFriends index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Index of 4 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: The people you see socially
b: Your friends
c: The friends of opposite sex you have
d: How much you are accepted and included by others
All scored on a 1-9 rating scale, summation by average.
Observed distributionM = 7.1 SD = 0.9
Remarks
All items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.49 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.05
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.08
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study AT 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Austria, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =319

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.45 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.47 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study BH 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Bahrain, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =275

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.22 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.28 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study BD 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Bangladesh, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =262

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=-.05 p < .NS
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.17 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study BR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students,Brazil,1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =268

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.43 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.46 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CM 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Cameroon, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =159

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.12 p < .NS
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.46 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with romantic relationships
Page in Source 139
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your romantic relationships?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distribution54% has romantic relationship; 32% very satisfied, 19% satisfied, 3% dissatisfied, 8% very dissatisfied. 12% would like to have a romantic relationship 34% would not like a romantic relationship

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.08 p < .05
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=+.18 p < .05
Beta' s controlled for satisfaction with:
-friendships               (+.25)
-feeling part of community (+.33)

(34% of variance explained)
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=+.13 p < .05
Beta's additionally controlled for:
satisfaction with:
-mental health             (+.15)
-feeling part of community (+.12)
-health                    (+.24)
-recreation                (+.11)
-future security           (+.20)

(48% of variance explained)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your friendships?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.31 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.07 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.09 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=+.25 p < .05
Beta' s controlled for satisfaction with:
-romantic relationships    (+.18)
-feeling part of community (+.33)

(34% of variance explained)
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=0 ns
Beta' s additionally controlled for: 
-mental health               (+.15)
-satisfaction with:
  -romantic relationships    (+.13)
  -feeling part of community (+.12)
  -health                    (+.24)
  -recreation                (+.11)
  -future security           (+.20)

(48% of variance explained)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos (2003): study CA Prince George 2001
TitlePolicing Services and The Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 1 - 18
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1021259917948
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response72%
Respondents N =687

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with your friendships
Page in Source 13-14
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some features of peoples lives affecting them 
today.  Please indicate how satisfied you are with each 
of them.... 
How satisfied are you with your friendships?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.26 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.20 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.13 p < .05
Beta'controlled for satisfaction with
- your house
- your family relations
- your living partner
- your job
- your health
- your spiritusl fulfilment
- your financial security
- your recreational activities
- your self-esteem
- your local policing services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2003): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleLeisure Activities, Health and the Quality of Life.
SourceMichalos, A.C.;Ed.: "Essays on the Quality of Life", Kluwer, 2003, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 217 - 238
Public18+ aged, general public, British Columbia, USA, 1999
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response17,6
Respondents N =440

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship satisfaction
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about satisfaction with 
your friendships.
Full question not reported.

Rated vey dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (7)
Observed distribution1999 M = 5,6 1998 M = 5,6 1987 M = 5,8
Remarks
N = 326

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.22
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- self esteem
- job
- family relations
- living partner
- present age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelFriendships
Page in Source 258, 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question: text not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.22
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
 - Present age
 - Self-esteem
 - Accomplishing in life now
 - Health
 - Family relations
 - Religion/spiritual fulfillment
 - Neighbourhood
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.11
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
 - Present age
 - Self-esteem
 - Accomplishing in life now
 - Local government officials
 - Family relations
 - Opportunities to socialize


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006): study CA British Columbia 1998
TitleA Note on Student Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 51 - 59
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-2404-y
PublicUniversity students Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1998 - 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3407

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 52, 54
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your friends?
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.5, SD = 1.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.61 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.52 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.55 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your friendships?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.61 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.23 p < .05
All               +.23
Females           +.23
Males             +.23
18 -24 aged       +.27
25+ aged          +.23
Aboriginals =     +.39
Other etnecities  +.22
Unemployed        +.26
Other workstatus  +.26
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.50 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.10 p < .05
All               +.10
Females           +.10
Males             +.08
18 -24 aged       +.25
25+ aged          +.09
Aboriginals =     +.18
Other etnecities  +.10
Unemployed        +.16
Other workstatus  +.11
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.44
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.10 p < .05
All               +.10
Females           +.09
Males             +.10
18 -24 aged       +.18
25+ aged          +.09
Aboriginals =     +.26
Other etnecities  +.09
Unemployed        +.19
Other workstatus  +.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (1999): study CA Prince George 1997
TitlePublic Services and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 125 - 156
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006893225196
PublicAdult general population, Prince George, Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response64%
Respondents N =715

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Friendships
Page in Source 143, 145, 148
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question. Text not reported.
Rated:
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.07
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - family relations
 - financial security
 - job
 - self esteem
 - living partner
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.09
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - family relations
 - finncial security
 - self esteem
 - government services
 - living partner
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.09
Berta controlled for satisfaction with
 - job
 - living partner
 - health
 - self-esteem
 - fed.gov.official
 - geographic location
 - job opportunities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CA 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Canada, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1600

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.45 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.49 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos (1985): study CA Guelph CMA 1985
TitleMultiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 347 - 413
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00333288
PublicStudents undergraduates University of Guelph, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =700

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 365
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question on satisfaction with quality and 
quantity of contacts with friends, rated on a 7-point 
scale.   
1: terrible...7:delightful.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.21 p < .01
Males   N:140 =+.24   (01) 
Females N:149 =+.23   (05)
's controlled for satisfaction with:
health, family relations,paid employment, 
self-esteem and education 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.17 p < .01
Males   N:140 =+.24     (01)
Females N:149 =+.20     (01)

's controlled for satisfaction with:
health, financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, housing, recreation, religion, self 
esteem and education 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos (1986): study CA 1984
TitleAn Application of Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT) to Seniors.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 349 - 378
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300488
Public60+ aged, rural districts, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =457

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 360
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question on satisfaction with quality and 
quantity of contacts with friends, rated on a 7-point 
scale. 1: terrible..7: delightful.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.13 p < .01
 controlled for self-esteem and satisfaction 
with: health, financial security, housing, spouse.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.15 p < .01
 controlled for self-esteem and satisfaction 
with: health, financial security, housing, spouse.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.19 p < .01
Males
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.17 p < .01
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 233
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Clssded question on quality and quantity of contacts 
with friends, rated on a 7-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.06
All 's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, housing, area you live in, recreation 
activity, religion, self esteem, transportation, 
government services,            
and for the demographic factors: sex, age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  : +.10
Females: N: 154  : +.04
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.01
All 's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, housing, area you live in, recreation 
activity, religion, self esteem, transportation, 
government services; and for sex, age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  : +.05
Females: N: 154  : -.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 109/134
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single closed question: All things considered, how 
satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your friendships 
(the number of friends you have, the type of people 
they are, the things you do together). Rated on a 
11-point scale ranging from completely dissatisfied to 
completely satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.47
ALL Ss (married (including not formally married 
cohabitating Ss (considered as married) and 
non-married):

   = +.18  after control for: gender, age, 
household income, marital status, being in love, 
desire to change dating pattern or marital status, 
locus of control, social support (1. instrumental: 
problems managing money, problems deciding how to 
spend money, not enough money to do things, 
unsatisfying job, not enough money to get by on; 
2. expressive: having no close companions, having 
no one to depend on, unsatisfactory sex life, 
problems communicating, dissatisfied with marital 
status, having not enough close friends, having no 
one to show love/affection, too dependent on 
others, not having children, having no one to 
understand problems; 3. interpersonal demands: 
having too many responsibilities, having no one to 
depent on, too many demands on time, problems 
communicating, problems with children, problems 
with spouse/ex-spouse, conflicts with those who 
are close), and satisfaction with: job and 
financial situation and love relationships.

NON-MARRIED Ss ONLY:

- males:   r = +.48   = +.27
- females: r = +.42   = +.10
Beta's controlled for the same variables as above, 
except marital status and gender.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1980, Vol. 8, 385 - 422
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00461152
PublicUniversity staff members, Guelph Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response59%
Respondents N =357

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 399
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 7-point
scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.51 p < .01
Controlled for 1     rpc= +.23 (01)
Controlled for 1+2   rpc= +.15 (01)
Controlled for 1+3   rpc= +.26 (01)
Controlled for 1+2+3 rpc= +.17 (01)
Controlled for 1       = +.23
Controlled for 1+3     = +.24       

1= Satisfaction with health , financial security,
   family life, housing, job, free time activity,
   education, self-esteem, area you live in,
   ability to get around, security from crime.
2= Satisfaction with life (indicator 1, HAPP 2.1)
3= Demographic factors ( sex, age, marital
   status, education, family income)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.54 p < .01
Controlled for 1     rpc= +.21 (01)
Controlled for 1+2   rpc= +.13 (01)
Controlled for 1+3   rpc= +.24 (01)
Controlled for 1+2+3 rpc= +.15 (01)
Controlled for 1       = +.20 
Controlled for 1+3+4   = +.20
                     
1= Satisfaction with health,financial security,
   family life,  housing, job, free time
   activity, education, self-esteem, area you
   live in, ability to get around, security from
   crime.
2= Global happiness(indicator 2, HAPP 1.1)
3= Demographic factors ( sex, age, marital
   status, education, family income)             
4= Workstatus.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyKennedy et al. (1978): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleSubjective Evaluation of Well-Being: Problems and Prospects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 457 - 474
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352943
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =335

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 463
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single question, full item not reported. Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
.
.
7 very satisfied.
Observed distributionM= 5.8; SD= 0.65
Remarks
N=340

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.29
B controlled for satisfaction with:
-standard of living
-health
-recreation activities
-family life.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyKennedy & Mehra (1985): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleEffects of Social Change on Well-Being: Boom and Bust in a Western Canadian City.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 17, 101 - 113
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00302416
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977-1984
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3440

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship satisfaction
Page in Source 108
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Question on satisfaction with friends;
Rated:
1.very dissatisfied
.
.
7.very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.17
Stepwise regression by age-group.
age group 17-25

Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
- family satisfaction
- job satisfaction
- neighbourhood satisfaction
- financial better/worsen than year ago
- health satisfaction
- year of significant social change
- education
- things wanted to do satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.17
age-group 26-45
 
Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
- family satisfaction
- job satisfaction
- health satisfaction
- non work activities satisfaction
- neighbourhood satisfaction
- finanacial better/worse than year ago
- sex
- year of significant social change
- things wanted to do satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.06
age-group 45+ 
 
Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
- health satisfaction
- non work activities satisfaction
- financial better/worse than year ago
- job satisfacion
- family satisfaction
- things wanted to do satisfaction
- sex
- year of significant social change


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question on quality and quantity
of contacts with friends, rated on a 7-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.08
All 's controlled for satisfaction with family 
life, financial security, self esteem, spouse, 
health,transportation, recreation, housing, 
religion,area you live in, government services; 
and for sex, age, formal education.
Males:      N:149  :+.06
Females     N:121  :+.13
Farmer      N:130  :+.01
Non-farmer  N:141  :+.12
Aged 60-74  N:170  :+.07
Aged 75-up  N:102  :+.08
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.23
All 's are controlled for satisfaction with 
family life,  financial security,self-esteem, 
spouse, health, transportation, recreation, 
housing, religion, area you live in,government 
services; and for sex, age and education.
Males       N:149  :+.10
Females     N:121  :+.36
Farmers     N:130  :+.25
Non-farmers N:141  :+.21
Age 60-74   N:170  :+.20
Age 75-up   N:102  :+.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CL 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Chile, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.33 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.35 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyKaliterna Lipovcan & Prizmic-Larsen (2006): study HR 2003
TitleWhat makes Croats Happy? Predictors of Happiness in Representative Sample.
SourceDelle Fave, A.;Ed.: "Dimensions of Well- Being. Research and Intervention, Franco Angeli, 2006, Milan, Italy, 53 - 59
Public18+aged, general public, Croatia, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =1242

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Relationship with family and friends
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on satisfaction with Relationship with 
family and friends
1: not at all satisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied
Observed distributionM=8,6 SD=1,71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aBeta=+.15 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
-standard of living, 
-health, 
-achievement in life, 
-feelings of physical safety, 
-acceptance by community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with aquaintances
Page in Source 374
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you at present with your relations 
with your acquaintances ?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: All:4604; %: 1:0,5; 2:2,1; 3:17,9; 4:55,9; 5:23,6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.31 p < .00
1: Mt=4.16
2: Mt=5.39
3: Mt=6.93
4: Mt=7.76
5: Mt=8.58
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.32 p < .00
1: Mt=3.69
2: Mt=5.10
3: Mt=6.54
4: Mt=7.41
5: Mt=8.38
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.29 p < .00
1: Mt=4.40
2: Mt=5.05
3: Mt=6.36
4: Mt=6.98
5: Mt=7.85


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with acqaintances
Page in Source 352
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single question: 
"How satisfied are you at present with your relations 
with your acquaintances ?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: all:1459, 1:4, 2:22, 3:210, 4:823, 5:400

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.27 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.25
 2: Mt=6.03
 3: Mt=6.89
 4: Mt=7.73
 5: Mt=8.49
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.30 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.00
 2: Mt=5.45
 3: Mt=6.44
 4: Mt=7.43
 5: Mt=8.19
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.29 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.63
 2: Mt=4.89
 3: Mt=6.14
 4: Mt=6.88
 5: Mt=7.69
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study EG 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Egypt, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =274

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.22 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.27 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study FI 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Finland, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =270

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.45 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.41 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study DE 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Germany, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =540

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.48 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.45 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study GR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Greece, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =164

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.33 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.36 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudySingh et al. (2014): study IN 2014
TitleEffects of the demographic Variables and psychometric Properties of the personal Well-being Index for School Children in India.
SourceChild Indicators Research, 2015, Vol. 3, 571 - 585
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12187-014-9264-4#/page-1
DOIDOI:101007/s12187-014-9264-4
Public8-13 aged,school children, India, 2014
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal relationships
Page in Source Table 2-3
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question 'How happy are you about 
getting on with the people you know?'
11-point Likert-type rating('0' very sad to '10' very 
happy)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbr=+.30 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.05 p < .05
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
-standard of living
-personal health
-achievement in life
-personal safety
-feeling part of community
-future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study IN 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, India, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.31 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.34 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study IL 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Israel, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =317

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.42 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.53 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study JP 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Japan, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.09 p < .NS
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.37 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study JO 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Jordan, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =279

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.12 p < .NS
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.24 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study KE 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Kenya, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.56 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.43 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study KR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Korea, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =241

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.36 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.36 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyRojas (2006): study MX Multiple regions 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and Satisfaction in Domains of Life: Is It a Simple Relationship?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 467 - 497
DOIDOI:10,1007/s/10902-006-9009-2
PublicGeneral public, Regions, Mexico, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response62,1%
Respondents N =1535

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship satisfaction
Page in Source 481,483
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction with: 
a: friends and 
b: the availability of time to spend with them
Rated on a 7-point numerical scale(1= extremely 
dissatisfied to 7=extremely satisfied)

Questions not reported.
Observed distributionN=579

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cr=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyRojas (2008): study MX 2001
TitleExperienced Poverty and Income Poverty in Mexico: A Subjective Well-Being Approach.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 1078 - 1093
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X08000442
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.10.005
PublicGeneral public, five states, Mexico, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response4
Respondents N =1536

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship satisfaction
Page in Source table 5 & 6
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction with 
  a.friends
  b.availability of time to spend with them
Full questions not reported

Each question is rated:
1  extremely unsatisfied
2  very unsatisfied
3  unsatisfied
4  neither satisfied nor unsatisfied
5  satisfied
6  very satisfied
7 extremely satisfied
(same response scale as life satisfaction)
Observed distributionM = 57,6 on range 0-100
Remarks
cluster derived using factor analysis. Rescaled to 
range 0-100

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cOPRC=-0,0 ns
OPRC = -0,0045


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study MX 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Mexico, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.25 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.44 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study NL 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Netherlands, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =352

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.25 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.51 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBecker & Vink (1984): study NL 1982
TitleWerkelozen, Arbeidsongeschikten en Werkenden Vergeleken. ( A Comparison between the Unemployed, Disabled Workers and the Employed).
SourceSocial and Cultural Planning Office, 1984, Rijswijk, Netherlands
URLhttps://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_1996_en_eerder/Werklozen_arbeidsongeschikten_en_werkenden_vergeleken
Public18-64 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1982
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response68-94%
Respondents N =465

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source V576
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single question:
"To what extent are you satisfied with your friends and 
acquaintances?"
0=very dissatisfied 
1=dissatisfied
2=neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3=satisfied
4=very satisfied
Observed distributionM=1.9645 SD=0.6718

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.23 p < .000
working
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.29 p < .000
unemployed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.26 p < .000
disabled


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends and acquaintances
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.15 p < .01
B controlled for satisfaction with:
-Health
-Home
-Residential environment
-Social position
-Education
-Financial resources
-Dutch society
-Government
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.16 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Employment
-Age
-Household composition
-Satisfaction with:
 -Health
 -Home
 -Social position
 -Financial resources
 -Dutch society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 27
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an open graphic scale ranging 
from 'very dissatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.59 p < .05
Unaffected by age and sex.
Lower among medium S.E.S.
Stronger among low educational level.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends and acquain-tances.
Page in Source 29
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question rated oon a 5-point scale ranging from 
'dissatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cr=+.15 s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study NZ 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, New Zealand,1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =314

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.41 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.44 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study NO 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Norway, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.22 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.39 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study PH 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Philippines, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =953

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.37 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.28 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyKoralewicz & Zagorski (2009): study PL 2007
TitleLiving Conditions and Optimistic Orientation of Poles.
SourceInternational Journal of Sociology, 2009, Vol. 39, 10 - 44
DOIDOI:10.2753/IJS0020-7659390401
PublicAdults, general public, Poland, 2007
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends and acquaintances
Page in Source 15,19
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question; question not reported:
5 very satisfied
4 rather satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
Observed distribution1: 0,5%, 2: 1,8%, 3: 11,3%, 4: 54,3%, 5: 32,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.22 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction 
with:
- chances for the future
- wife/husband
- health
- housing
- locality of residence
- education
- employment
- income
- children
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.22 p < .001
Beta additionally controlled for satisfaction 
with:
- material living conditions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study PR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Puerto Rico, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.21 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.56 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social network
Page in Source question 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
How satisfied are you with your social network? 
1 completely dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 rather satisfied
4 quite satisfied
- DK/NA
Observed distribution1: 2,8% 2: 12,2% 3: 45,9% 4: 34.1% DK/NA: 5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=+
1:M = 1,91
2:M = 2,21
3:M = 2,44
4:M = 2,84
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+0.3 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 235
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single question:"How do you feel about your friendships 
right now?".
Rated on 7-point scale from:
1.Terrible.......to
.
.
7. Delighted.
Observed distributionM= 5.04; SD= 1.36

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.17 ns
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CS 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Yugoslavia, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =332

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.32 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.63 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 363,370,371
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
their "Friendships" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distribution-2:0.1%, -1:1.5%, 0:8.7%, +1:35.5%, +2:54.2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.03 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.05 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.10 p < .01
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.10 p < .05
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.01 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=-.05 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.05 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study SG 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Singapore, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.40 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.41 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study ZA 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, South Africa, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =275

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.24 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.35 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelFamily and friends satisfaction
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction on:
a family
b friends
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.37 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal relationships satisfaction
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction on:
-
- family
- friends
-
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.34 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003 /1
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicParents and adolescents, Spain, 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia.
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelRelationships satisfaction
Page in Source 107
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on Relationships satisfaction.
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.24 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 1999
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 1999
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2300

Correlate
Author's labelFamily and friends satisfaction
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction on:
a family
b friends
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.38 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study ES 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Spain, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =275

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.22 p < .NS
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.41 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBrnholm et al. (1991): study SE 1986
TitleOn Work and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Rehabilitation Science, 1991, Vol. 4, 29 - 34
Public25-55 aged, vocationally actives, Umea, Northern Sweden, 1986/87
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with contacts with friends and acqaintences
Page in Source 103
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
How satisfactory is this aspect of your life?......
Contacts with friends and acquintances.
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-ars=.+34 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBernow (1985): study SE 1982
TitleLivskvaliteten i Sverige. (Quality of Life in Sweden).
SourceStockholm Lns Landsting, 1985, Stockholm, Sweden
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bernow_r_1982.pdf
Public18-70 aged, general public, Sweden, 1982
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1558

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with time with friends and acquiantances
Page in Source 39
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBernow (1985): study SE 1982
TitleLivskvaliteten i Sverige. (Quality of Life in Sweden).
SourceStockholm Lns Landsting, 1985, Stockholm, Sweden
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bernow_r_1982.pdf
Public18-70 aged, general public, Sweden, 1982
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1558

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with things done with friends/acquaint
Page in Source 39
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-ar=+.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBernow (1985): study SE 1982
TitleLivskvaliteten i Sverige. (Quality of Life in Sweden).
SourceStockholm Lns Landsting, 1985, Stockholm, Sweden
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bernow_r_1982.pdf
Public18-70 aged, general public, Sweden, 1982
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1558

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with circle of friends
Page in Source 40
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-ar=+.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study TZ 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Tanzania, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.33 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.25 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study TH 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Thailand, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =571

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.28 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.35 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study TR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Turkey, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =287

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.44 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.39 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyRees et al. (2012): study GB 2008
TitleThe Good Childhood Report 2012. A Review of Our Children's Well-Being.
SourceResearch Paper, The Children's Society, 2012, Leeds, UK
URLhttp://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/good_childhood_report_2012_final_0.pdf
PublicChildren 8-15, United Kingdom, 2010
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9485

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness with friends
Page in Source 13,15
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Happiness with friends rated on a 11 point scale 0 very 
unhappy to 11 very happy.
Observed distributionM = 8,1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-u-mq-n-11-ar=+.51 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyCheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
DOIDOI:10.1016/SO191-8869(02)00078-8
PublicStudents, London, UK, 2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelFriends
Page in Source 928
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question; text not reported.
Rated (1) very badly to (5) very well.
Observed distribution Mean SD males 4.16 0.93 females 4.46 0.76

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.39 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.36 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with one's friendship
Page in Source 21
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point
self-anchoring scale, based on Cantril
(1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelFondness for small circle of intimate friends
Page in Source 26
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Trained peer rating on a 7-point scale on the basis of 
observation during 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=-.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHsieh (2014): study US 2009
TitleThrowing the Baby Out with the Bathwater: Evaluation of Domain Importance Weighting in Quality of Life Measurements
SourceSocial Indicators Research 119: 483-493
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-013-0500-y
Public50+ aged, Chicago area , USA, 200?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 489,490
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question on satisfaction with 
friendships. Full text not reported.
7  completely satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
5  slightly satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  slightly dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of this life 
domain relative to 7 other domains

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.15 ns
unweighted
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.03 ns
weighted by importance
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ab=-.03
unweighted
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ab=+.21
weighted by importance

b's controled for satisfaction with 
- work
- spare time
- financial situation
- neighbourhood
- family life
- health
- religion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDemir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007
TitleI am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211
DOIDOI:10,1007/s10902-006-9012-7
PublicUniversity students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =423

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship quality
Page in Source 191, 194
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 30 items in 6 subscales: 
A stimulating companionship
B help
C intimacy
D reliable alliance
E emotional security
F self-validation

Rated 0 (never) to 8 (always)

average of all responses for composite friendship 
quality score
Observed distributionmean 6.76, SD 0.92
Error Estimates?=0.95
Remarks
McGill Friendship Questionnaire  Friends Functions 
(MFQ-FF, Mendelson & Aboud, 1999)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-ar=+.26 p < .05
friendship quality
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.12 p < .06
Beta controlled for
- gender
- extraversion
- neuroticism
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness
- openness
- friendship conflict
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.10 p < .05
A: Companionship
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.03 ns
B: Help
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.05 ns
C: Intimacy
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.04 ns
D: Reliable alliance
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.01 ns
E: Emotional security
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.12 p < .05
F: Self-validation

Beta's controlled for:
- gender
- extraversion
- neuroticism
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness
- openness
- each other


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHsieh (2008): study US 2005
TitleThe Relative Importance of Health
SourceSocial Indicators Research 87:127-137
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9162-y
PublicFrail older adults,Chicago area, USA, 2005
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with friendship
Page in Source 133
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question on satisfaction with 
friendship. Full text not reported.
7  completely satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
5  slightly satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  slightly dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of this life 
domain relative to 7 other domains.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=-.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHsieh (2008): study US 2001
TitleThe Relative Importance of Health
SourceSocial Indicators Research 87:127-137
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9162-y
Public50+ aged, Chicago area , USA, 2001
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with friendship
Page in Source 133
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question on satisfaction with 
friendship. Full text not reported.
7  completely satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
5  slightly satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  slightly dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of this life 
domain relative to 8 other domains.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=-.13 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 164
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your friendships?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.50 p < .01
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.06 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- political situation
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- do-it-yourself repairs
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study US 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, U.S.A, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1234

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale.
Part of a 12 item inventory of
domain-satisfactions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.41 p < .01
females
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.48 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMookherjee (1998): study US 1991
TitlePerception of Happiness among Elderly Persons in Metropolitan USA.
SourcePerceptual and Motor Skills, 1998, Vol. 87, 787 - 793
Public60+aged, metropolitian areas, USA, 1982-1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2739

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 791
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Text not reported
3 satisfied
2 somewhat satisfied
1 not satisfied at all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.30
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.5
Control variables are not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMookherjee (1997): study US 1986
TitleAssessment of Happiness among the Elderly Population in the United States.
SourceChrakravarty, I.;Ed.: "Life in Twilight Years", Kwality Book, 1997, Calcutta, India, 327 - 343
Public60+ aged, general public, USA 1982-91
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =3049

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 336
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single question on satisfaction with friends:
1.not satisfied
2.somewhat satisfied
3.well satisfied
Observed distributionN: 1= 213 2= 671 3= 2165

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+ p < .00
1. M= 1.78 SD= .71
2. M= 2.07 SD= .63
3. M= 2.34 SD= .64
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.26 p < .00
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.05 p < .01
Beta controlled for 
- socio-demographic variables:
   - Gender
   - Race
   - Marital status
   - Education
   - Financial status
   - Place of residence
   - Religious membership
   - Religious attendance
- satisfaction with:
   - Neighbours
   - Non-working activities
   - Family
   - Health
   - Finance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyFranklin et al. (1986): study US 1985
TitleAssessing Quality of Life of the Mentally Ill. A Three Dimensional Model.
SourceEvaluation & The Health Professions, 1986, Vol. 9, 376 -388
Public18-65 aged, mentally ill, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social relations
Page in Source 383
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aAoV=7,07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.26
Beta controlled for actual social relations.

(Significant relation between objective (actual) 
social relations and satisfaction with social 
relations, p<0,001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBach & Tilton (1994): study US 1984
TitleLife Satisfaction and Well-Being Measures in Ventilator Assisted Individuals with Traumatic Tertaplegia.
SourceArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 1994, Vol. 75, 626 - 632
PublicTetraplegia patients and controls,USA,1984-86
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response40%
Respondents N =87

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social life
Page in Source 626-629
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1 completely dissatisfied
.
.
7 completely satisfied
Observed distributionPatients ventilator assist M = 4.48 SD = 1.99 Patients autonoom breathing M = 4.36 SD = 1.93 Healthy controls M = 5.36 SD = 1.39

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.56 p < .001
Patients ventilator assisted
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.73 p < .001
Patients autonoom breathing
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.50 p < .001
Healthy controls


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyMeredith (1984): study US 1982
TitleLevel and Correlates of Perceived Quality of Life for Lao Hmong Refugees in Nebraska.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 83 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315723
Public16+ aged, recent refugees from Laos, USA, 1982
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =145

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 91
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale: How do you feel about:
- your friends?
- the people you see socially?
- the things you do and the times you   have with your 
friends?
- how much you are accepted and   included by others?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyShichman & Cooper (1984): study US 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Sex-Role Concept.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 227 - 240
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00287516
PublicAdults, students and churchmembers, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response5,9 %
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with relations with friends
Page in Source 234
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single direct questions on both satisfaction and 
dissatisfaction with relations with friends.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .00
satisfaction
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.19 p < .01
dissatisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyCampbell (1981): study US 1978
TitleThe Sense of Well-Being in America.
SourceMcGraw-Hill, 1981, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Responseabout 20 %
Respondents N =3692

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfied with friendships
Page in Source 107
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single closed question on amount of 
satisfaction with friendships, rated
on a 7-point scale ranging from completely dissatisfied 
to completely
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.39


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicNon-teaching employees, university, Idaho, USA, 197?
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal relations
Page in Source 161
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on 11 questions about friendship and 
personal contacts.
'How do you feel about 
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k'
Text not reported.

Rated:
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhapppy
1 terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.41
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyPalisi & Canning (1986): study US 1974
TitleUrbanism and Psychological Well-Being: A Test of Three Theories.
SourceSociological Spectrum, 1986, Vol. 6, 361 - 378
DOIDOI: 10.1080/02732173.1986.9981797
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7542

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction received from friendships
Page in Source 372
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single closed question on satisfaction received from 
friendships, rated on a 7-point scale, ranging from "a 
great deal" to "none" (order reversed).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
3-item index containing satisfaction with:
a the people one sees sociall
b friends, and with the things one does 
has with friends: "How do you feel about...?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyHarry (1976): study US 1973
TitleEvolving Sources of Happiness for Men over the Life Cycle: A Structural Analysis.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1976, Vol. 38, 289 -296
Public18+ aged males, living with family, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =374

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 292
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Single item self-rating on how much satisfaction one 
receives from friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.14 ns
Single
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.18 ns
Married, no children
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.26 p < .05
Married, pre-school children
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.21 ns
Married, schoolage children
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.32 ns
Married, teenage children
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.27 p < .05
Married, children grown up


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyGlenn & Weaver (1981a): study US 1973
TitleThe Contribution of Marital Happiness to Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1981, Vol. 43, 161-168
PublicMarrieds, USA, 1973-78
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 164
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Direct question: "For each area of life I am going to 
name, tell me the number that shows how much 
satisfaction you get from that area? 1.a very great 
deal, 2.a great deal, 3.quite a lot, 4.a fair amount, 
5.some, 6.a little,
7.none"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+
Married persons working full-time:
- white men:   r=+.22   =+.03
- black men:   r=+.23   =+.11
- white women: r=+.29   =+.01
- black women: r=+.13   = .06

All married women:
- white: r=+.30  =+.06
- black: r=+.26  =+.11
        
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+
Married persons working full-time:
- white men:   r=+.22   =+.03
- black men:   r=+.23   =+.11
- white women: r=+.29   =+.01
- black women: r=+.13   = .06

All married women:
- white: r=+.30  =+.06
- black: r=+.26  =+.11
                  
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+
 controled for marital happiness, satisfaction 
with: work, financial situation, community, 
nonworking activities, family life and health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyLondon et al. (1977): study US 1972
TitleThe Contribution of Job and Leisure Satisfaction to Quality of Life.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1977, Vol. 62, 328 - 334
DOIDOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.62.3.328
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with activities and time with friends
Page in Source 330
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self-report on questions about satisfaction with things 
they do and times they have with their friends

Rated on an 7-point numerical scale (7=delighted to 
1=terrible)
Observed distributionN:1277; M=2,46; SD=1,13
Remarks
Scale reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.32 p < .05
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.17 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- co-workers 
- the work itself
- benefits and securitiy of the job
- physical surroundings and amount of work
- equipment at work
- activities with family
- social contacts
- affiliation to organizations
- sport and recreational facilities
- entertainment facilities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the things you 
do and the times you have with your friends?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social contacts and friends
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about....?"
a  social contacts 
b  the time spent with friends.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE=+.34
Unaffected by sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyWard (1979): study US 1972
TitleThe Never-Married in Later Life.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1979, Vol. 34, 861 - 869
Public50+ aged, USA, 1972-1977
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3557

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships
Page in Source 866
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
From each area of life I'm going to name, tell me how 
much satisfaction you get from that area  your 
friendships: 7 a very great deal
6 a great deal 
5  quite a bit 
4 a fair amount 
3 some 
2 a little 
1 none.
Remarks
50+ aged only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-agr=+.25 p < .05
Marrieds (N=2379)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-agr=+.21 p < .05
Never marrieds (N=161)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBaker (1976): study US 1971
TitleRelationship of Retirement and Satisfaction with Life Events to Locus of Control.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1976, Madison, USA
Public55+ aged males, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =200

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships_C
Page in Source 63
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Question: How satisfied are you with 
your friendships?
Rated on 7 point scale ranging from 'completely 
dissatisfied' to 'completely satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBaker (1976): study US 1971
TitleRelationship of Retirement and Satisfaction with Life Events to Locus of Control.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1976, Madison, USA
Public55+ aged males, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =200

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friendships_B
Page in Source 63
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Question: How much satisfaction do you get from your 
friendships?
Rated on 7 point scale ranging from 'completely 
dissatisfied' to 'completely satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyBaker (1976): study US 1971
TitleRelationship of Retirement and Satisfaction with Life Events to Locus of Control.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1976, Madison, USA
Public55+ aged males, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =200

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with frendships_A
Page in Source 63
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Question: How much dissatisfaction do you get from your 
friendships?
Rated on 7 point scale ranging from 'completely 
dissatisfied' to 'completely satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with friends
Subject code: F06ag02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with friends
Page in Source 201
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends, code F06ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport: 
0: Wish to move to a 'different circle'
1: Satisfied."

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.43 p < . 01
Stronger among those who are not getting along 
well with their family and/or are dissatisified 
with their job.

Unaffected by
- sexe
- education
- age
- income
- S.E.S
- marital status
- race


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 18 questions:

How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below:
A Have you been anoyed with someone?
B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people?
C Have you ever felt that things were going your way?
D Have you ever felt very worried
E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends?
F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen?
G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something?
H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy?
I Have you ever been full of energy?
J Have you ever felt really tired?
K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself?
M Have you ever felt really cheerfull?
N Have you ever felt like crying?
O Have you ever felt at the top of the world?
P Have you ever felt confident about the future?
Q Have you ever felt bored?
R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something?

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q)

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aSelfreport on single question repeated several times a day.

" .. mood .."
Full lead question not reported
7 happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 sad
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 13 questions:

"During the past four weeks have you ever felt....?" (yes/no)

A Pleased about having accomplished something.
B Things going my way.
C Proud because someone complimented me on something I
had done.
D Particularly excited or interested in something I had done.
E On top of the world.
F A deep sense of joy.
G Pleased because my life feels orderly and secure.
H Bored.
I Very lonely and remote from other people.
J Jealous of somebody.
K Angry with someone.
L Disappointed in myself..
M Unhappy about the small number of times I have pleasant
feelings and experiences.

Answer options:
0 no
yes
If yes: How often did you feel so?
5 every day
4 several times a week
3 once a week
2 2 or 3 times a month
1 once a month

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to G
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): Average H to M
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: +42 tot -30

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B Proud, because someone had complimented you
C Very lonely or remote from people?
D Pleased about having accomplished something
E Bored
F On top of the world?
G Depressed
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?
J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eSelfreport on 9 questions:

We are interested in the way people are feeling these days. The following list describes some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week.

How often last week did you feel .....?
A On the top of the world
B Very lonely or remote from other people
C Particularly excited or interested in something
D Depressed or very unhappy
E Pleased about having accomplished something
F Bored
G Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done
H So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
I Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, I
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -15 tot +12

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-fSelfreport on 10 questions:

We are interested in how people are feeling these days. The following items describe some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week
A Pleased about having accomplished something.
B That things were going my way.
C Proud because someone complimented me on something I
had done.
D Particularly excited or interested in something I had done.
E On top of the world.
F Upset because someone criticized you
G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H Bored
I Very lonely or remote from other people
J Depressed or very unhappy

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to E
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): Average F to J
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -25 to +25

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aSelfreport of momentary mood on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much you feel that emotion RIGHT NOW.
A worry
B affection
C anger
D joy
E sadness
F guilt
G contentment
H pride

1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 extremely intense

Computation: (B+D+G+H) - (A+C+E+F) / 8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance' DRM format
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-eSelfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks?
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
a 1 very slightly or not at all
b 2 a little
c 3 moderately
d 4 quite a bit
e 5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past few weeks' version)
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gSelfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average?
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-aPeer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
C-A-h-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about what you have accomplished in life...?
3 well satisfied
2 reasonable satisfied
1 dissatisfied:
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life

Name: Cantril's self anchoring Ladder rating of life (modified version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. The top of the ladder '10' represents the best possible life for you and the bottom '0' is the worst possible life for you. In general , where on the ladder do you feel you stand at the moment? Tick the box next to the number that best describes where you stand
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aVarious self reports and informant rating

A Selfreport on five questions repeated three times during semester:
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
Answers rated: 7 strongly agree ...1 strongly disagree
(Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale, SWLS)

B Selfreport on 24 questions:
How much of each mood did you experience in the last month?
BA LOVE
a Affection
b love
c caring
d fondness
BB JOY
a joy
b happiness
c contentment
d pride
BC FEAR
a fear
b worry
c anxiety
d nervous
BD ANGER
a anger
b irritation
c disgust
d rage
BE SHAME
a shame
b guilt
c regret
d embarrassment
BF SADNES
a sadness
b loneliness
c unhappiness
d depression
Rated: 0 = not at all .6 extremely much
Summation: balance score (BA+BB)/2 - (BC+BD+BE+BF)/4

C Rating of B by five informants

D Selfreport of daily affect on B

Summation: z-scores
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 25 questions

A 20-item PANAS
To what extend do you feel this way right now in your life?
Aa nervous
Ab distressed
Ac afraid
Ad jittery
Ae irritable
Af upset
Ag scared
Ah exiled
Ai ashamed
Aj guilty
Ak hostile
Al active
Am determined
An inspired
Ao enthusiastic
Ap alert
Aq attentive
Ar proud
As strong
At interested

B 5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener)
Ba In most ways my life is close to ideal
Bb The conditions of my life are excellent
Bc I am satisfied with my life
Bd So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
Be If I could live my life over, I would change nothing

Answer options:
1 not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 very much

Computation: (Aa +..Ak) - (Al+.. At) + (Ba+ Be)
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are.....?"
1 not too happy
2 pretty happy
3 very happy

B "How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life.....?"
1 rarely
2 now and than
3 fairly often
4 all the time

Summation: factor score
M-CO-u-mq-n-11-aSelfreport on five questions:

a: My life is going well
b: My life is just right
c: I wish I had a different kind of life
d: I have a good life
e: I have all I want in life

Rated:
1: strongly disagree
2
3
4.
5: strongly agree

Computation: (a+b+c+d+e)/5
M-FH-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... how happy you feel ....."
(full question not reported)
1
2
3
4
5

Scale labels not reported
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"......happiness during past few weeks....."
(Full lead not reported)
4 very happy
3
2
1 not too happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel.....?
3 happy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7 delightfull
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
- neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied)
- I never thought about it
- does not apply to me



Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (modified version by Michalos)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Indicate the feeling you have now, generally speaking, how do you feel about your life...?
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
- 8 neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied)
- 9 never thought about it
- 10 does not apply to me

Scoring: 8, 9 and 10 left out
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aSelfreport on single question asked twice in interview,

"How do you feel about your life as a whole......?"
10 delightful
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 terrible

Summation: mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delightful-Terrible Scale' (modified version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-agSelfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how would you say things are these days. Would you say you were.?
1 not too happy
2 pretty happy
3 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything that has happened to you recently, how would you say things are with you - would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel that your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-tSelf report on single question:

In general, how do you feel about your present life?
4 I feel very happy
3 I feel happy
2 I feel not very happy
1 I feel unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 somewhat happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 not happy at all
- DK
- NA
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-oSelf report single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days- would you say you are..
5 happy
4 somewhat happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
1 unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....?
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 pretty happy
4 not too happy
3 a bit unhappy
2 pretty unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general, how happy or unhappy would you say you are on the whole?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-m-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

How happy are you right now?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hSelfreport on single question

Generally speaking, how do you personally feel about your life?

1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 so-so
4 happy
5 very happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:?
1 very unhappy
2
| unhappy
3
4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
| happy
6
7 very happy
no opinion
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you think of yourself as a happy person?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
- don't know
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of peoples lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-cSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life these days?

Rated on 100 mm open line scale
Anchors not reported
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"........satisfaction with life........."
(Full item not reported)
0 not at all satisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"........life-satisfaction........."
(Full text not reported)
1 -
2
3
4
5 +
(Response options: not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bSelf report on single question:

.. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported)
10 very satisfied

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very dissatisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

".......describe your present life......."
(Full question not reported)
7 rewarding
6
5
4
3
2
1 disappointing
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question

.. life .. (text not reported)
5 very satisfied
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with present life....."
(Full lead item not reported)
1
2
3
(Response options not reported)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

"All in all, how satisfied are you with your life these days.....?"
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general? Indicate your satisfaction by giving a number between 0 and 10, where 0 means 'completely dissatisfied' and 10 'completely satisfied'. So, the more satisfied you are the higher the number.
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life.....?"
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, to what extend are you satisfied with your life?
0 the minimum
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 the maximun
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied.
O-SLW-?-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question

..satisfaction with life as a whole.. (full item not reported)
7 very satisfied
6
5
4 just as satisfied as dissatisfied
3
2
1 very dissatisfied

(numbering reversed)
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

satisfied with overall life.. (full text not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neutral
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question

.. Satisfaction with life as a whole (full text not reported)
7 completely satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
5 slightly satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 slightly dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bSelfreport on single question:

"How dissatisfied would you say you are with things in general today?'
Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Would you way that you are....?
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-acSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking, are you satisfied with your life or not?
4 satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naSelfreport on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know
- no answers

Numerical scale reversed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of peoples lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice during the interview:

Are you at this moment satisfied or dissatisfied with life in general......?
7 very satisfied
6 for the greater part satisfied
5 rather more satisfied than dissatisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat more dissatisfied than satisfied
2 for the greater part dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- Do not know, difficult to say
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question;

How satisfied or unsatisfied were you last week with your life in general?
Please answer this question below by drawing a cross on the line

_________________________________________
completely completely

Scoring: mm on this 100 mm line
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Are you generally satisfied with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
4 rather satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Tell me how much you are satisfied or dissatisfied with your life as a whole
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied

Last item in a series of questions about satisfaction with various domains in life
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not too satisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 satisfied
5 mostly satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything in your life into consideration, how satisfied with your life are you?
1 extremely unsatisfied
2 very unsatisfied
3 unsatisfied
4 satisfied nor unsatisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
7 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum---mq-*-0-aSelf report on 8 items

A How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a 9-step Delighted-Terrible scale
Asked twice in the interview with 15 minutes interval

B a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'
Answers rated: 7 strongly agree to 1 strongly disagree

C How do you feel usually?
0 extremely unhappy
.
.
10 extremely happy

Computation: factor
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-aSelfreport on 2 questions

A Happiness
B Life-satisfaction

Texts not reported

Summation: A+B
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bSelfreport in 2 questions:

A. "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all satisfied

B. "Where would you place your life as a whole?"
Rated on a thermometer scale.
100 perfect, as good as you can imagine it being
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0 terrible, as bad as you can imagine it being

Summation: factor loading
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bSelfreport on five questions:

A I am very content with my life
B Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not meeting my aspirations*
D I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1 strongly disagree
.
.
7 strongly agree
* reversed keyed item

Name: Contentment with life assesment Scale (CLASS)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
aFACTOR LOADING
Type: descriptive statistic
A factor loading is the correlation coefficient between an observed variable and a factor in the underlying Factor Analysis Model.
Range: [-1, +1]

Meaning:
A high factor loading means that the factor is very similar to that observed variable.
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
b-fixREGRESSION COEFICIENT in fixed effects analysis
Type: test statistic
WDH symbol: b-fix
Primary correlate level: metric
Secondary correlate level: nonmetric
Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited
Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for the secondary variables, by focusing on differences from a fixed level, such as the mean in a category. Aims to reduce the residual variance and to improve the precision of the regression coefficient.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_effects_model
Non-technical text: http://www.jblumenstock.com/files/courses/econ174/FEModels.pdf
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
DyxSOMERS' ASYMMETRIC TEST STATISTIC
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
Dyx = 0 no rank correlation
Dyx = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness ratings.
Dyx = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
ECORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
GsPARTIAL GAMMA. See: GAMMA
Range: [-1, +1].
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
MCTMultiple Comparison Test, variant not specified
Possible variants: Scheffe, Tukey, Student/Newman/Keuls, Bonferoni (BMCT)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level Correlate nominal, Happiness: metric
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 no rank correlation
rs = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
RCOEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R = 0 no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R = 1 the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
TTSCHUPROW'S T
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0 ; SQRT[[min(r,c)-1]/[max(r,c) -1]]], c and r being the numbers of colums resp. rows in a cross tabulation.

Meaning:
T = 0 no association
T -> 1 strongest possible association.

NOTE: sometimes the square value is reported instead !
t.t-STATISTIC (Student's t-statistic)
Type: symmetric standard test statistic.
One parameter: n (= number of degrees of freedom (df) ; range df: [1; + infinite)
Range for t: unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is the ratio of a difference between a statistic and its expected value under the null hypothesis and its (estimated) standard error with n degrees of freedom.
The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 no rank correlation
tb = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 no rank correlation
tc = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.
ZZZZZKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 no rank correlation
tc = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
F06FRIENDSHIPI06INTIMACY
F06FRIENDSHIPL12LOVE-LIFE
F06FRIENDSHIPS06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS
F06acCurrent contacts with friendsS06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS
F06ac05Conflicts with friendsV04abSimilarity of own values with others
F06ac05Conflicts with friendsM03ab06Tensions in relationship
F06adCurrent friendship networkI06acCharacteristics of intimate-network
F06ad01Friends in communityL10af02Local social contacts
F06ae02Similarity with friendsH03ab03bPerceived level of happiness of specific social categories
F06afFinding friendsS06aa02Change in personal contacts
F06ag01Concern about friendsC08ab02bConcern about social relations

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings