Findings on Happiness and FAMILY OF PROCREATION

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and FAMILY OF PROCREATION
Subject Code: F02

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION0
F02aaFamily career (family life-cycle)12
F02acFamily climate5
F02ac01Earlier family-climate1
F02ac02Change in family-climate2
F02ac04Current climate7
F02ac03Later family climate0
F02adCharacteristics of family members1
F02aeHardship in family of procreation0
F02afWorking mother 2
F02af01Oneself-mother: works (vs not)9
F02af02Spouse-mother: works (vs not)0
F02agAttitudes to family of procreation6
F02ag01Concern about family9
F02ag02Satisfaction with family37
F02abFamily composition2
F02ab01Single parent9
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and FAMILY OF PROCREATION
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=F02
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyDykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response32%
Respondents N =516

Correlate
Author's labelNever had children
Page in Source 1496, 1510
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
0: Never had children
1: Ever had children, all still alive (reference)
Observed distribution0: N=23 men and 30 women; 1: N=59 men and 48 women
Remarks
Order changed by WDH-team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
NEVER HAD CHILDREN (vs ever had children, all 
alive)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.03 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.02 ns
Females

B's controled for age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.03 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.08 ns
Females 

B's additionally controled for:
- marital history
- occupational history


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyDykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response32%
Respondents N =516

Correlate
Author's labelLoss of children
Page in Source 1496, 1510
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
0: Ever had children, all still alive  (reference)
1: Had, and lost, children
   1a: Lost children but not all
   1b: Lost all children
Observed distribution0: 59 men and 48 women; 1a:15 men and 15 women 1b: 3 men and 7 women.
Remarks
respondents who ever had children only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
LOST CHILDREN, BUT NOT ALL (vs. all still alive))
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.09 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.09 ns
Females

B's controled for age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.07 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.14 ns
Females

B's additionally controled for:
- marital history
- occupational history.
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
LOST ALL CHILDREN (vs. all still alive)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.24 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.25 ns
Females

B controled for age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.22 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.27 ns
Females

B's additionally controled for:
- marital history
- occupational history.

Loss of children has a negative impact on 
happiness of older men, but not of happiness of 
older women.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyDykstra & Liefbroer (1998): study NL 1992
TitleKinderloos en toch Gelukkig? (Childless but Still Happy?)
SourceMens en Maatschappij, 1998, Vol. 73, 108 - 129
Public55-89 aged, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38,3
Respondents N =3729

Correlate
Author's labelparental history
Page in Source 113, 123
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
1: Ever had children, all still alive
0: Never had children (ref.)
Observed distribution1: males 73,8%, females 69,4% 0: males 11,6%, females 15,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
EVER HAD CHILDREN, ALL STILL ALIVE (vs never had 
children)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.21 p < .01
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.01 ns
Females

B's controled for:
- current age
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.15 p < .05
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.07 ns
Females

B's additionally controled for: 
- marital history
- early retirement
- occupational mobility


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyDykstra & Liefbroer (1998): study NL 1992
TitleKinderloos en toch Gelukkig? (Childless but Still Happy?)
SourceMens en Maatschappij, 1998, Vol. 73, 108 - 129
Public55-89 aged, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38,3
Respondents N =3729

Correlate
Author's labelloss of children
Page in Source 123
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
1: Had children: lost a child
   a: lost one but not all
   b: lost all children
0: Has children, all still alive (ref.)
Observed distribution1a: males 13,6%, females 13,3% 1b: males 0,9%, females 1,3% 0: males 73,8%, females 69,4%
Remarks
Respondents who never had children excluded (males 
11,6%, females 15,9%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
LOST A CHILD BUT NOT ALL (vs all still alive)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
Males: insufficient data
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.01 ns
Females
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
LOST ALL CHILDREN       (vs all still alive)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.01 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.50 p < .01
Females

B's controled for:
- current age
- marital history
- early retirement
- occupational mobility


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyKolstad (1996): study NO 1990
TitleSatisfaction in Norway.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Eötvös University Press,1996, Hungary, 133 - 144
Public17+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =995

Correlate
Author's labelLife stage
Page in Source 141
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
A Living alone,        age <35  
B Couple no children   age <35
C Single with children age <35 
D Family with children 
E Couple no children   age >35
F Single no children   age >35
G Single with children age >35
Remarks
Used as dummy variable

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.19 p < .05
Beta controlled for
- occupation

Adjusted deviations from grand means of 
satisfaction with life in general dependent on 
interaction life stage and occupational groups:
A Living alone, age <35        -.14
B Couple no children age <35   +.16
C Single with children age <35 -.05
D Family with children         +.08
E Couple no children age >35   -.02
F Single no children age >35   -.32
G Single with children age >35 -.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyHolland-Benin & Cable-Nienstedt (1985): study US 1978
TitleHappiness in Single- and Dual-Earner Families: The Effects of Marital Happiness, Job Satisfaction, and Life Cycle.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 975 -984
PublicMarried persons, non-institutionalized, USA, 1978-83
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3050

Correlate
Author's labelStage of life cycle
Page in Source 979-982
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
1 Young married
2 Family with baby
3 Family with schoolchildren
4 Empty nest

Couples not fitting this categorisation excluded (15%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-hOR= s
Husbands (both of housewives and workingwives) 
more happy in stage 1 and 4, and less happy in 
stage 2 and 3. No difference among wives (whether 
housewife or working).

More strongly linked to 'happy' responses than to 
'unhappy' ones.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelFamily life cycle
Page in Source 323
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
a  Unmarried, under forty-five years of age, no 
children at home
b Married, under forty-five years of age, no children 
at home
c  Married, any age, youngest child under five years of 
age
d  Married, any age, youngest child five-fourteen years 
old
e  Married, any age, youngest child fifteen-seventeen 
years old
f   Married, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
g  Unmarried, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
h  Unmarried, any age, children of any age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aDMt=±
a      M=5.3   Mt'=5.4

b      M=5.8   Mt'=6.0
c      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
d      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
e      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
f      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9

g      M=5.2   Mt'=5.2
h      M=4.6   Mt'=4.5
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aDMt=±
a      M=5.8   Mt'=6.0
                    
b      M=6.2   Mt'=6.5
c      M=6.0   Mt'=6.3
d      M=6.2   Mt'=6.5
e      M=6.4   Mt'=6.8
f      M=6.4   Mt'=6.8

g      M=5.8   Mt'=6.0
h      M=5.3   Mt'=5.4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyHarry (1976): study US 1973
TitleEvolving Sources of Happiness for Men over the Life Cycle: A Structural Analysis.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1976, Vol. 38, 289 -296
Public18+ aged males, living with family, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =374

Correlate
Author's labelLife cycle stage
Page in Source 291
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
- Single
- Married, no children
- Married, pre-school children
- Married, school-age children
- Married teenage children
- Married, children grown up

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=+ p < .05
20% happy
29% happy
35% happy
39% happy
41% happy
46% happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelFamily life cycle
Page in Source 139
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
a  Unmarried, under forty-five years of age, no 
children at home
b  Married, under forty-five years of age, no children 
at home
c   Married, any age, youngest child under five years 
of age
d  Married, any age, youngest child five-fourteen years 
old
e  Married, any age, youngest child fifteen-seventeen 
years old
f   Married, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
g  Unmarried, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
h  Unmarried, of any age, children of any age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.20
a      M=5.2   Mt'=7.0
b      M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
c      M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
d      M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
e      M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
f      M=5.5   Mt'=7.5

g      M=5.3   Mt'=7.2
h      M=5.1   Mt'=6.8
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.19
ß controlled for sociodemographic variables:
- family life-cycle
- age
- family income
- eduaction
- race
- sexe
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.13
ß additionmally controlled for: 
- Efficacy
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- House/apartment
- Spare-time activities
- National government
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelFamily life cycle
Page in Source 331
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
a. Unmarried, under forty-five years of age, no 
children at home
b. Married, under forty-five years of age, no children 
at home
c. Married, any age, youngest child under five years of 
age
d. Married, any age, youngest child five-fourteen years 
old
e. Married, any age, youngest child fifteen-seventeen 
years old
f. Married, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
g. Unmarried, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
h. Unmarried, any age, children of any age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=-
a. M=1.1   Mt'=6.1         
b. M=2.0   Mt'=7.0
c. M=1.9   Mt'=6.9
d. M=1.9   Mt'=6.9
e. M=2.1   Mt'=7.1
f. M=1.7   Mt'=6.7
g. M=1.1   Mt'=6.1
h. M=0.1   Mt'=5.1
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+
a. M=3.1   Mt'=5.2
b. M=3.4   Mt'=6.0
c. M=3.3   Mt'=5.8
d. M=3.3   Mt'=5.8
e. M=3.4   Mt'=6.0
f. M=3.4   Mt'=6.0
g. M=2.9   Mt'=4.8
h. M=2.8   Mt'=4.5
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aDM=±
a.  M=3.0   Mt'=5.0
b.  M=3.2   Mt'=5.5
c.  M=3.2   Mt'=5.5
d.  M=3.2   Mt'=5.5
e.  M=3.5   Mt'=6.3
f.  M=3.3   Mt'=5.8
g.  M=3.0   Mt'=5.0
h.  M=2.7   Mt'=4.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=-
a. M=5.1    Mt'=6.8
b. M=5.5    Mt'=7.5
c.  M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
d.  M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
e.  M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
f.  M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
g.  M=5.3   Mt'=7.2
h.  M=4.9   Mt'=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bDM=+
a. M=5.2   Mt'=7.0
b. M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
c. M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
d. M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
e. M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
f. M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
g. M=5.2   Mt'=7.0
h. M=5.1   Mt'=6.8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyChiriboga (1975): study US 1969
TitlePerceptions of Well-Being.
SourceLowenthal, M.F.;et al;Eds.: "Four Stages of Life", Jossey Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA, 84 - 98
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelFamilial roles
Page in Source 93
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
The number of the following roles the respondent had at 
the time of the interview: spouse, parent, grandparent, 
sibling, child, grandchild.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.37 p < .10
Newlyweds: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.54 p < .01
Newlyweds: women
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.42 p < .01
Younger: high school seniors + mewly weds
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
Older: middle aged parents + elderly planning to 
retire


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelFamilial roles
Page in Source 93
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
The number of the following roles the respondent had at 
the time of the interview: 
- spouse
- parent
- grandparent
- sibling
- child
- grandchild

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r=+.37 ns females: r=+.54 01
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=+.24 p < .05
Youngest (hs seniors + newly weds)       
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.42 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.16 ns
Women only (no curvilinearity has been found in 
the correlation egocentricity and well-being)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.06 ns
men only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family composition
Subject code: F02ab

StudyEvans & Kelley (2002): study AU 1984
TitleFamily and Community Influences on Life Satisfaction.
SourceReport Melbourne Institute, 2002, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1984-2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35-40%
Respondents N =26009

Correlate
Author's labelFamily size
Page in Source 47,50,52,54,55,57
Our classificationFamily composition, code F02ab
Operationalization
Family size

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=+.19 ns
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=+.10 ns
B and beta controlled for:
- Gender
- Migration
- Family of origin:
  - Parent's education
  - Father's status
  - Parents divorced
  - Number of siblings
- Current family situation:
  - Marital status
- Age

B and beta ns when additionally controlled for:
- church attendance
- religious denomination
- charity work


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family composition
Subject code: F02ab

StudyVeenhoven (2000b): study NL 1965
TitleHoe diep zit de Kinderwens? ( Does the Want for Children draw on a Need?)
SourceFreya Magazine, 2000, Vol. 16, 15 - 19.
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8796
Public25-65 aged, married peole, Tthe Netherlands, 1965
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1376

Correlate
Author's labelChildlessness
Page in Source 7
Our classificationFamily composition, code F02ab
Operationalization
1 has chlidren
0 no children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-ar=-.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Structure
Page in Source 161
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
1 : Live Alone
2 : Live Together
 a: Live with Partner Only
 b: Sole Parent
 c: Live with Partner & Children
 d: Live with Parents
 e: Live with Other Adults
Observed distributionN = 1: 373, 2a: 610, 2b: 115, 2c: 613, 2d: 150, 2e: 103

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
1  Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,90
2a Mt = 7,06; SD = 1,61
2b Mt = 7,06; SD = 2,14
2c Mt = 7,86; SD = 1,45
2d Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,73
2e Mt = 7,14; SD = 1,73
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .014
2a>1
2a>2b 
2a>2d
2a>2e
2c>1
2c>2b
2c>2e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,70; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,44
c Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,46
d Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,30
e Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,35
f Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,27
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .037
2a>2b
2a>2c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelLone parent
Page in Source 433, 440
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
1: Single parent with children
0: Single without children
Observed distributionMales: .9%; Females: .6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.10 ns
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.22 p < .01
FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for: 
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved 
characteristics of the neighbourhood)
- age and age squared
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyAmbrey et al. (2013): study AU Queensland 2000
TitleEstimating the Cost of Air Pollution in South East Queensland: An Application of the Life Satisfaction Non-Market Valuation Approach.
SourceAARES Paper, 2013, Sydney, Australia
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913003479
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.11.007
Public+45 aged general public, South East Queensland, Australia, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =923

Correlate
Author's labelLone parent
Page in Source 17.20
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
1 a lone parent
0 others
Observed distributionlone parent 0.9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.22 ns
OPRC controlled for
- Personal characteristics
 - Age
 - Gender
 - Aboriginal identity
 - Immigrant
 - English ability
 - Marital status
 - Number of children
 - Health condition
 - Education levels
 - Employment status
 - Household income (ln)
 - Importance of religion
 - Living years
 - Others present
 - Personality
 - Major city
 - Local status
-Environment
 - Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas
 - PM10 (?g/m3)
 - Humidity (%)
 - Rainfall (mm)
 - Temperature (°C)
 - Wind speed (meters/second)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyBoelhouwer (2009): study NL 2006
TitleBedrieglijke Vrouwen. (Fallacious Women).
SourceSchnabel, P.; Ed.: "M/V," Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (The Netherlands Institute for Social Research | SCP), 2009, 124 - 129
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =9607

Correlate
Author's labelParental status
Page in Source 125
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
0 No children
  a Couple with no children
  b Single with no children
1 Children
  a Couple with children
  b Single with children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=-
ALL
No children
 Couple with no children = 7,9
 Single with no children = 7,2
Children
  Couple with children   = 7,9
  Single with children   = 7,0
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=-
FEMALES
No children
 Couple with no children = 8,0
 Single with no children = 7,3
Children
  Couple with children   = 7,9
  Single with children   = 7,0
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=0
MALES
No children
 Couple with no children = 7,8
 Single with no children = 7,1
Children
  Couple with children   = 7,8
  Single with children   = 7,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelhousehold
Page in Source 2
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
a: one person household
b: one-parent family
c: couple without children
d: couple with children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDMt=
one person           M = 3,79 CI95 [3,76-3,82] 
one-parent hh        M = 3,76 CI95 [3,71-3,81]
couple no children   M = 4,16 CI95 [4,15-4,18]
couple with children M = 4,16 CI95 [4,15-4,17]
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
a,b < c,d
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDMt=
one person           M = 3,43 CI95 [3,41-3,45] 
one-parent hh        M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,48]
couple no children   M = 3,63 CI95 [3,61-3,63]
couple with children M = 3,63 CI95 [3,61-3,64]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bBMCT=
a,b < c,d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyDeVries et al. (1994): study NL 1992
TitleMaatschappelijke Participatie van Alleenstaanden. (Social Participation of Singles).
SourceSWOKA, Institute for Comsumer Research,1994, Report Nr. 143, The Hague, Netherlands
Public30-65 aged singles, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =460

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold type
Page in Source 117
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
0 single person household
1 single parent household
Observed distributionSingle persons: N = 386, Single parents: N = 60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%= ns
Single persons: M = 4,08 (CI95 3,99-4,17)
Single parents: M = 3,98 (CI95 3,72-4,24)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyTaylor et al. (2006): study US 2005
TitleAre We Happy Yet?
SourcePEW Research Center, A Social Trends Report, 2006, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://pewresearch.org/pubs/301/are-we-happy-yet
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3014

Correlate
Author's labelChildren
Page in Source 7,23,24,41
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
a. Kids under 18 Years
b. Kids 18+ aged
c. No Kids

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caD%=
% Unhappy      married   unmarried
Kids under 18  8%        27%  
Kids 18+       13%       21% 
No Kids        10%       14%
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caD%=
% Very Happy   married   unmarried 
-Kids under 18  44%       19%  
-Kids 18+ aged  41%       26% 
-No Kids        43%       25%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelWorking Parents
Page in Source 51
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
a) Married Fathers
b) Married Mothers
c) Single Mothers
Observed distributionMarried Fathers N=208. Married Mothers N=287, Single Mothers N = 149
Remarks
Single Fathers N =7 were excluded from the analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=
Married Fathers  M = 2,0
Married Mothers  M = 1,8   
Single  Mothers  M = 1,7
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBMCT=
a>b>c
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iDM=
Married Fathers  M = 3,6   
Married Mothers  M = 3,3   
Single  Mothers  M = 3,1
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBMCT=
a>b>c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Single parent
Subject code: F02ab01

StudyPishkin & Thorne (1973): study US 1968
TitleA Factorial Study of Existential State Reactions.
SourceJournal of Clinical Psychology, 1973, Vol. 29, 392 - 402
DOIDOI: 10.1002/1097-4679(197310)29:4<392::AID-JCLP2270290403>3.0.CO;2-J
PublicDeviants and normals, USA, 196?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-ResponseNA
Respondents N =1309

Correlate
Author's labelClinical groups
Page in Source 399
Our classificationSingle parent, code F02ab01
Operationalization
a: incarcerated felons, 
b: alcoholics, 
c: students of philosophy, 
d: unmarried mothers, 
e: psychology students, 
f: psychiatric patients.
Observed distributionN= a: 193, b: 89, c: 155, d:336, e: 159, f: 388

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-v-2-eD%=
% happy
a. 81
b: 78
c: 31  (assumption by WDH team)
d: 85
e: 32
f: 30
O-HP-g-sq-v-2-eBMCT=
f,c,e < a,b,d
O-SLW-u-sq-v-2-aD%=
% satisfied
a. 47
b: 57
c: 68
d: 71
e: 67
f: 33
O-SLW-u-sq-v-2-aBMCT=
f,a < b,c,d,e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family climate
Subject code: F02ac

StudyBecchetti & Pisani (2014): study IT 2010
TitleFamily Economic Well-Being, and (Class) Relative Wealth: An Emperical Analysis of Life Satisfaction of Secundary School Students in Three Italian Cities.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 503 -525
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9433-z
Public17-18 aged , secondary school students, Italy, 2010
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2124

Correlate
Author's labelFamily trust
Page in Source Table 1 - Table 5
Our classificationFamily climate, code F02ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on the level of trust in your family:
1. not trust
2. neutral
3. trust
Full question was not reported, assumed.
Observed distributionM = 2.63; SD = .62

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fOLRC=+.39 p < .01
TYPE OF SCHOOL FIXED EFFECT

OLRC controlled for:
 -single parent
 -repeated at least one school year
 -residence location
 -gender
-Household economic condition
 -houseownership
 -mortgage
 -current account
-School performance
 -final grade in Italian
 -final grade in maths
 -final grade at middle school
-Parental jobs
-Relationship
 -friends

With SCHOOL FIXED EFFECTS and CLASS FIXED EFFECT, 
the results are nearly the same.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family climate
Subject code: F02ac

StudyTreas et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleThe Happy Homemaker? Married Women's Well-Being in Cross-National Perpective.
SourceSocial Forces, 2011, Vol. 90, 111 - 132
PublicWomen with partner, aged 18-65, 28 countries, 2001-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7014

Correlate
Author's labelFamily stress
Page in Source 115-123
Our classificationFamily climate, code F02ac
Operationalization
Degree of stress in the respondent's home life rated on 
a 1 to 5 Likert scale.
Observed distributionM = 2,94 SD = 1,16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.12 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- Work status
- Age
- Age squared
- Number of children
- Education
- Liberal gender ideology
- Religious services attendance
- Family income 
- Housework fairness
- Task sharing
- Housework conflict


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family climate
Subject code: F02ac

StudyTreas et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleThe Happy Homemaker? Married Women's Well-Being in Cross-National Perpective.
SourceSocial Forces, 2011, Vol. 90, 111 - 132
PublicWomen with partner, aged 18-65, 28 countries, 2001-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7014

Correlate
Author's labelHousework conflict
Page in Source 115-123
Our classificationFamily climate, code F02ac
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How often do you and your spouse/partner disagree about 
the sharing of household work?

1 Never  
2 Less often, rarely 
3 Several times a year   
4 Several times a month 
5 Several times a week
Observed distributionM = 2,23 SD = 1,24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.11 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- Work status
- Age
- Age squared
- Number of children
- Education
- Liberal gender ideology
- Religious services attendance
- Family income 
- Housework fairness
- Task sharing
- Family stress


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family climate
Subject code: F02ac

StudyDiener & Seligman (2002): study US 1997
TitleVery Happy People.
SourcePsychological Science, 2002, Vol. 13, 81 - 84
DOIDOI::10.1111/1467-9280.00415
PublicUndergraduate students, US, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelStrong family relationship
Page in Source 83
Our classificationFamily climate, code F02ac
Operationalization
Self-rating of strong family relationship. Rating from 
1 to 7 as compared to the average University of 
Illinois student.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aE²=.36 p < .01
           Mean family relationship         
a 10% least happy         3.7      
b 27% close to average    5.8      
c 10% most happy          6.4
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aMCT= p < .05
a < b,c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Family climate
Subject code: F02ac

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelCloseness of total family life
Page in Source 16
Our classificationFamily climate, code F02ac
Operationalization
Rating by child (sociology student) who
participated in the study.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= + p < . 05
Positive among females only.
Among very satisfied women in 48% of the cases 
the college student offspring descibed total
family life as being very close; among satisfied
women this percentage was 28 %, and among the
relatively dissatisfied mothers it was only 20 %


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier family-climate
Subject code: F02ac01

StudyCosta et al. (1985): study US 1958
TitleLongitudinal Course of Social Support among Men in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
SourceSarason, I.G., Sarason, B.R., Eds.: "Social Support", Martinus Nijhof, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 137 - 154
PublicMarried males, followed ±12 years Baltimore, USA, 1958-1970
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T3: 82%
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of family & marriage
Page in Source 142
Our classificationEarlier family-climate, code F02ac01
Operationalization
Obtained by factor analysis.
Factor consisting of 10 items. 
Items with high loading:
"I am perfectly satisfied with the way my family treats 
me".
"If you had your life to live over, would you marry the 
same person?"
"How do you rate the happiness of your (last) 
marriage?"
Questions administered at T1.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-h-sq-v-3-ar=+.26 p < .01
Happiness assessed at T1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in family-climate
Subject code: F02ac02

StudyEvans & Huxley (2005): study GB 1999
TitleAdaptation, Response-shift and Quality of Life Ratings in Mentally Well and Unwell Groups.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1719 - 1732
DOIDOI:10.1007/s 1136-005-1742-I
Public18-65 aged, differing in mental health, followed 2 years, UK, 1999-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-ResponseNon-response at T1: 83% Drop-out at T2: 50%)
Respondents N =1912

Correlate
Author's labelChange family contact
Page in Source 1729-1730
Our classificationChange in family-climate, code F02ac02
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in reports of family contact

A  Started regular family contact
   0 no
   1 yes

B  Stopped regular family contact
   0 no
   1 yes
Remarks
Assessed at T1-T2 (two years of interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=+.27 ns
T1-T2 START of contact by T2 happiness
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=-.53 p < .05
T1-T2 STOP of contact by T2 happiness

B's controled for:
- T1 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in family-climate
Subject code: F02ac02

StudyAtkinson et al. (1986): study US 1982
TitleThe Social Costs of Unemployment: Implications for Social Support.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1986, Vol. 27, 317 - 331
PublicUnemployed males followed 2 month after jobloss and matched controls, Boston, USA, 1982
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelChange in family cohesion
Page in Source 322-6
Our classificationChange in family-climate, code F02ac02
Operationalization
Family cohesion subscale of the Moos
Family Environment Scale (Moos, Insel and Humphrey 
1974)
Remarks
Assessed at T1 and T2 (two months
difference. Cohesion dropped among the continuously 
unemployed, but rose among the re-employed, while 
remaining at the same level in the control group of 
continuously employed.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-ar=+.22 p < .05
T1-T2 CHANGE in family cohesion by T2 husbands 
happiness
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-aBeta=
Control for happiness reduces the negative effect 
of unemployment on family cohesion. This suggests 
that happiness mediates this effect, continued 
unemployment lowering happiness and unhappiness 
subsequently lowering family cohesion.

Direct association between unemployment and 
happiness not reported in this publication.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current climate
Subject code: F02ac04

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelCausing my family (close) problems
Page in Source 261
Our classificationCurrent climate, code F02ac04
Operationalization
Have you experienced causing your family (close) 
problems
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 1453. Ever in your life: N = 981

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.12
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.12
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.94
ever in your life:       M = 3.74
95% CI for difference:   [0.13 ; 0.27]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current climate
Subject code: F02ac04

StudyCheng & Chan (2006): study HK 2000
TitleRelationship with Others and Life Satisfaction in Later Life: Do Gender and Widowhood make a Difference?
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 2006, Vol. 61b, 46 - 53
Public60+ aged, Hong Kong, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1616

Correlate
Author's labelFamily
Page in Source 49-50
Our classificationCurrent climate, code F02ac04
Operationalization
Self report on two questions: 
a: How often are your relatives concerned about you?
b: Do you have good relationships with your family 
members?

Response options not reported
Observed distributionM=3.87 SD=0.75
Error EstimatesCronbach' s alpha is .68

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-ar=+.40 p < .001
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current climate
Subject code: F02ac04

StudyLuechinger (2010): study ZZ Europe 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Transboundary Air Pollution.
SourceEconomics Letters, 2010, Vol.107, 4 - 6
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165176509002390
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2009.07.007
Public14+ aged, general public EU nations 1979-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =223982

Correlate
Author's labelCloud cover
Page in Source 6
Our classificationCurrent climate, code F02ac04
Operationalization
% clouds per month

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=+.00 ns
INDIVIDUAL happiness by cloud cover in the nation
b(0.001) controlled for:
- household income
- household size
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - children
  - employment status
  - education
  - rural/urban living
- Country characteristics
  - real GDP
  - unemployment rate
  - % GDP agrarian
  - % GDP industrial
  - % GDP FDI flows
  - urbanization
- Climate
  - rain
  - temperature
  - vapor pressure
- Country effects
- Year effects

Stronger among:
- green voters
- elderly


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current climate
Subject code: F02ac04

StudySondermeyer (1975): study NL 1970
TitleGezondheid en Geluk. (Health Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Report, 1975, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public40-60 aged male employees, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 197?
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelFamily problems
Our classificationCurrent climate, code F02ac04
Operationalization
Single direct question: 
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=-.55 p < . 000
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=-.55 p < . 000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current climate
Subject code: F02ac04

StudyMakarczyk (1962): study PL 1960
TitleFactors affecting Life Satisfaction among People in Poland.
SourcePolish Sociological Bulletin, 1962, Vol. 1, 105 - 116
PublicAdults, general public, students and peasants excluded, Poland, 1960
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =2387

Correlate
Author's labelGetting on well with one's family
Page in Source 108/109
Our classificationCurrent climate, code F02ac04
Operationalization
Single question: how, on the whole, do you get on with 
your immediate family ?
 very badly / rather badly / average / fairly well / 
very well.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.22 p < .001
Non-agricultural people only.
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.14 p < .001
Farm owners and family.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current climate
Subject code: F02ac04

StudyLevitt et al. (1986): study US 1984
TitleSocial Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
SourceDevelopmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316
PublicMothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =43

Correlate
Author's labelFamily situation
Page in Source 314
Our classificationCurrent climate, code F02ac04
Operationalization
1. Infant difficulty
2. Spousal support  
3. Satisfaction with spouse

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aR²=.09
1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aR²=.13
1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aR²=.28
1+2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aR²=.21
1+2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aR²=.25
1+2+3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aR²=.34
1+2+3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current climate
Subject code: F02ac04

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelState of family relationships
Page in Source 194
Our classificationCurrent climate, code F02ac04
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you and your family get 
along?"
1 Only so-so 
2 Fairly well 
3 Very well.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.64 p < . 01
Stronger among those who are dissatisfied with job 
and/or friends.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of family members
Subject code: F02ad

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelFamily skill index
Page in Source 164
Our classificationCharacteristics of family members, code F02ad
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate themselves or their 
spouses from "very good" to "not at all good" on eight 
back-to-the-land skills: 
-carpentry
-plumbing
-car repairs
-electrical work
-gardening
-sewing
-spinning
-veterinary skills
Observed distributionranges from 8-32

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.16 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Working mother
Subject code: F02af

StudySchaubert (2015): study DE West Germany 1984
TitleCareer, Private Life, and Well-Being among College educated West German Women.
SourceTheorie und Politik - Session: Men and Women in the Workplace, 2015, No. G18-V3, 1 - 36
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/113042
Public25- 54 aged high educated women, WestGermany, followed 1984-2012
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response
Respondents N =13713

Correlate
Author's labelCareer-family combination: 'Have it all'
Page in Source 18
Our classificationWorking mother , code F02af
Operationalization
A Career: monthly earning above 25th percentile of 
college educated males (vs not)
B Family situation
    a cohabiting with a partner (vs not)
    b children; minor child in the household (vs not)
    c family: cohabits with partner and child(ren) (vs 
not)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.42 p < .01
A only: Relative high income     (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.73 p < .01
Ba only: Cohabiting             (vs living alone)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.39 p < .01
Bb only: Children:              (vs childless)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.54 p < .01
Bc only Family                  (vs not living 
with partner and child)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.36 p < .01
A+Ba: high income and cohabiting  (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.22 p < .05
A+Bb: high income and children  (vs not)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.28 p < .01
A+Bc: high income and family   (vs not)

b's controled for:
- age
- age square
- migration background
- year fixed effects
- indicator variables for birth cohort

b's for  A, Ba, Bb and Bc only differ slightly in 
analyses A-B combinations

Similar results for 40-54 aged women


Correlational finding on Happiness and Working mother
Subject code: F02af

StudyLee (1985): study US 1979
TitleProbing Behavioral Patterns of Structuring Daily Life.
SourceHuman Relations, 1985, Vol. 38, 457 - 476
Public23-49 aged adults, USA, followed 1 year, 1979
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelLife space structure
Page in Source 473
Our classificationWorking mother , code F02af
Operationalization
4 Time use/enjoyment based on 9 day time use diary:
a) Home based: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at home; low, average or inconsistent time spent 
at work
b) Work based: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at work but not at home
c)Conjoint: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at both home and work 
d) Diffuse: high quantity and high quality time is 
neither spent at work nor at home, but significant time 
was spent in other types of places like other's homes, 
restaurants, or places of recreation.
Remarks
Average of sores on T1 and T2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aDM=
M  Total  Men  Women    
a  5,9    6,2  5,8 
b  5,2    5,3  4,8
c  5,9    5,8  5,9
d  5,3    5,5  5,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyJones (2002a): study CA 1998
TitleHappiness and Optimism among Canada's 12 to 15 Years Old.
SourceReligious Commitment Note 02-12, 2002, Christian Commitment Research Institute, Canada
Public12-15 aged, Canada, 1998
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response13%
Respondents N =31194

Correlate
Author's labelWork status of the mother
Page in Source 6, 10,11
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
The mother
a: does not work
b: works part-time or part-year
c: works full-time, full year
Remarks
See also jones2002C-1.jpg: Chart 1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nD%=
% very happy
The mother
a: does not work                 34%
b: works part-time or part year  28%
c: works full-time, full year    27%
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.06 p < .010
girls, mother paid work
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.04 p < .083
boys, mother paid work
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.05 p < .061
Children with religious affiliation only: (girls 
N=1192, boys N=1178))

girls, mother paid work
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.03 p < .346
boys, mother paid work 

B controlled for:
- child's age
- religion
- worship frequency, child
- public school attendee or not
- family composition 
- education of the mother 
- smoking and drinking by the mother
- household income
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsingle breadwinner
Page in Source 340
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
1 single breadwinner
0 other
Observed distributionN: All:4458; 1:2407; 2:2051; 3:2012; 4:2446; 5:3723; 735
Remarks
only absolute frequencies are given, because catagories 
are overlapping

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
            children    no children
SINGLE      in home     in home
 women      Mt=7.04     6.59
 men        Mt=6.78     7.11
WITH PARTNER
 women      Mt=7.96     7.84
 men        Mt=8.03     8.08
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
            children    no children
SINGLE      in home     in home
 women      Mt=6.54     6.15
 men        Mt=6.15     6.83
WITH PARTNER
 women      Mt=7.69     7.64
 men        Mt=7.69     7.76
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
            children    no children
SINGLE      in home     in home
 women      Mt=5.73     5.68
 men        Mt=5.55     5.86
WITH PARTNER
 women      Mt=7.39     7.31
 men        Mt=7.38     7.35


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyJol (1996): study NL 1997
TitleHet Onbehagen bij de Vrouw. (Woman's Discontent).
SourceIndex nr. 2, March 1996, published by CBS, Voorburg, Netherlands, 22 - 23
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/jol_c_1996.pdf
PublicMothers, The Netherlands 1997
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =40000

Correlate
Author's labelWorking mothers, full-time housewives
Page in Source 2
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
0 working mothers (who work at least one hour a week)
1 fulltime housewives

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dDM=+
Mothers with partner 
        working    non working   difference
0-4      M=3,6          M=3,4    +0,2
5-12     M=3,5          M=3,4    +0,1
13-18    M=3,4          M=3,2    +0,2
>=19     M=3,4          M=3,3    +0,1
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dDM=
Single mothers
        working    non working   difference
0-4      M=3,9          M=3,6    +0,3
5-12     M=3,8          M=3,5    +0,3
13-18    M=3,7          M=3,4    +0,3
>=19     M=3,8          M=3,5    +0,3
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Mothers with partner
        working    non working   difference
0-4      M=4,4          M=4,3    +0,1
5-12     M=4,3          M=4,2    +0,1
13-18    M=4,2          M=4,0    +0,2
>=19     M=4,1          M=4,0    +0,1
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
Single mothers
        working    non working   difference
0-4      M=3,9          M=3,6    +0,3
5-12     M=3,8          M=3,5    +0,3
13-18    M=3,7          M=3,4    +0,3
>=19     M=3,8          M=3,5    +0,3

Unaffected by age and education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyParry & Warr (1980): study GB 1975
TitleThe Measurement of Mothers' Work Attitudes.
SourceJournal of Occupational Psychology. 1980, Vol. 53, 245 - 252
PublicWorking class mothers with children under 14, UK, 1975
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =185

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment status
Page in Source 248
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
0 Unemployed
1 Part-time 
2 Full-time
Observed distributionN: Unemployed = 60, Parttime = 65 Fulltime = 60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
            M
Unemployed  0,95  
Part-time   1,03  
Full-time   1,12

Affect Balance Scores were not reported in this 
paper but are computed by the WDH team on the 
basis of separate socres for positive and negative 
affect.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyShehan (1984): study US 1982
TitleWives' Work and Psychological Well-Being: An Extension of Gove's Social Role Theory of Depression.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 881 - 899
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00287817
PublicWorking mothers of preschool children and non-working controls, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response0% interview 16% questionnaire
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelWorking mother
Page in Source 891
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
0 Non-working 
1 Working

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-cG=-.31 p < .05
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-cG=-.31 p < .05
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-cDM= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyHenggeler & Borduin (1981): study US 1981
TitleSatisfied Working Mothers and their Preschool Sons: Interaction and Psychosocial Adjustment.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1981, Vol. 2, 322 - 335
PublicMarried mothers of 4 year old sons, USA, 1981
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =28

Correlate
Author's labelWorking mother
Page in Source 332
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
0 mother does not work
1 mother works

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-tsb-?-0-aDM=+ ns
Working mothers were observed to be consistently
happier than non-working mothers in play and 
command situations both at home and in the 
laboratory.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyFerree (1976): study US 1974
TitleWorking-Class Jobs: Housework and Paid Work as Sources of Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Problems, 1976, Vol. 23, 431 - 441
PublicWorking class mothers, USA, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =135

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment
Page in Source 434-435
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
0 Full-time housewives
1 Working mothers
Observed distributionFull-time housewive = 55 % (N= 75), Working mothers = 45 % (N = 60),

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-aD%=+
                      % Happy: 
Full-time housewives:   74 %
Working mothers:        86 %
Difference             +12 %

In publication reported as % dissatisfied: 
Housewives 26%, Employed women 14 %


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyFerree (1984): study US 1971
TitleClass, Housework and Happiness: Women's Work and Life Satisfaction.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 1057 - 1074
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00288134
PublicWhite married women, USA, 1971-76
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2541

Correlate
Author's labelHousewife
Page in Source 1065,1070
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
1  Housewives: women not in the labor force
0  Employed: women in the labor force
Observed distributionEmployed women N = 234, Housewives = 362
Remarks
In the article presented as 'employed', Here presented 
as 'home maker', so sign reversed. Since happiness was 
also reverse coded in the report (lower values 
indicating greater satisfaction) this sign was also 
reversed, resulting is the same sign as reported in the 
paper)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=-
Women with husband in white collar job
- Housewives M = 5,89
- Employed   M = 5,90
Difference      -0,01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=+
Women with husbands in blue collar job
- Housewives   M = 5,76
- Employed     M = 5,69
Difference        +0,08
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=-
Women with husband in white collar job
- Housewives M = 1,76
- Employed   M = 1,91
Difference      -0,15
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=-
Women with husbands in blue collar job
- Housewives   M = 1,54
- Employed     M = 1,64
Difference        -0,10
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ab=-.27 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=-.91 ns
B's Controlled for:
- age
- N of children
- Size of place
- Having a child below age 6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Subject code: F02af01

StudyMiller et al. (1991): study US 1956
TitleMotherhood, Multiple Roles, and Maternal Well-Being: Women of the 1950 s.
SourceGender and Society, 1991, Vol. 5, 565 - 582
PublicWhite married mothers with children under age 13, USA 1956
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =356

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment
Page in Source 574
Our classificationOneself-mother: works (vs not), code F02af01
Operationalization
Single question: do you now work for pay?
0: no
1: yes: full or part-time
Observed distribution0 = 82%, 1 = 18%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO---mq-v-3-aBeta=-.05 ns
Betas controled for:
- age
- education
- husband's occupation (professional or not)
- life-cycle stage (child under age 6 or not)
- number of children
- number of non-work roles
M-CO---mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
Unaffected by interactions between:
- other roles and employment
- other roles and husband's occupation
- employment and husband's occupation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to family of procreation
Subject code: F02ag

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Barasi, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived village needs: Training centre
Page in Source 262
Our classificationAttitudes to family of procreation, code F02ag
Operationalization
Village needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 0,90% 1: 38,5%; 2: 38,0%; 3: 18,8% M: 4,7%
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.05 ns
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.13 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to family of procreation
Subject code: F02ag

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelNo family responsibility
Page in Source 15,21
Our classificationAttitudes to family of procreation, code F02ag
Operationalization
Survey question: How often do you feel that family 
responsibililties prevent you from doing what you want 
to do?
Observed distributionM = 3,03 SD = 0,97 N = 32458

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-er=+,16
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=+.07 p < .01
b controlled for
- gender
- years of education
- household size
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- marital status
- age
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to family of procreation
Subject code: F02ag

StudyFine-Davis et al. (2002): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleFathers and Mothers: Dillemmas of the Work-Life Balance. A Comparitive Study in Four European Countries.
SourceKluwer, 2004, Social Indicators Research Series, Volume 21, Dordrecht, Netherlands
PublicDual career parents in four European cities, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelPreference for more time with family
Page in Source 198, 200-201, 299
Our classificationAttitudes to family of procreation, code F02ag
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Would you like to spend more time, less time or the 
same amount of time with your family?
1=much less, 5=much more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=-.17 p < .01
Females
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.13 ns
Males
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=-.04 ns
All


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to family of procreation
Subject code: F02ag

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of family and family relationships
Our classificationAttitudes to family of procreation, code F02ag
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "family and family relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,38 SD: 1,78, Non-exercisers: M: 7,98 SD: 1,45
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.24 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Self-confidence and self-assurance
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to family of procreation
Subject code: F02ag

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of family and family relationships
Our classificationAttitudes to family of procreation, code F02ag
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "family and family relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,96 SD: 1,53
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to family of procreation
Subject code: F02ag

StudyFaver (1982): study US 1977
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Life-Cycle: The Effects of Values and Roles on Women's Well-Being.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1982, Vol. 66, 435 - 452
Public22-64 aged women, USA, 1977
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1120

Correlate
Author's labelFamily Value Orientation
Page in Source 441,443,445
Our classificationAttitudes to family of procreation, code F02ag
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a The rewards and satisfactions of raising a family are 
more important to me than anything else.
b I would not take a job that would interfere with the 
things I like to do with my family
c I can't imagine having a fully satisfying life 
without having children
Rated: 1 = disagree, 2 = mostly disagree, 4 = mostly 
agree, 5 = agree

From these scales a dichotomous variable was created 
measuring:
0 = Low family values
1 = High family values
Observed distributionN= 0:463, 1:595

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
All
- High family values  M = 4,11 SD = 0,15
- Low family values   M = 4,10 SD = 0,05
  Difference            =+0,01
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Singles only
- High family values M = 3,79 N = 100
- Low family values  M = 4,04 N = 166
  Difference         M= -0,25
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married        
- High family values M = 4,18 N = 495
- Low family values  M = 4,14 N = 297
  Difference            +0,04
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34,high family values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,46 N = 13
b) Married childless women M = 4,73 N = 15
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,92 N = 91 
d) Married mothers of elementary
   school children         M = 3,97 N = 29
e) Single mothers          M = 4,23 N = 13
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=2,84 p < .03
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34,low family values 
a) Single childless women  M = 4,00 N = 69
b) Married childless women M = 4,27 N = 49
c) Married mothers of preschool 
  children                 M = 3,72 N = 36 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,54 N = 24
e) Single mothers          M = 3,95 N = 20
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=2,89 p < .02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelWorries over the life and future of own children
Page in Source 261
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Have you experienced worries over the life and future 
of your own children 
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 1690. Ever in your life: N = 751

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.07
experienced during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.07
experienced ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.90
evr in your life:        M = 3.77
95% CI for difference:   [0.06 ; 0.20]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelConcern about family
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978
1980
1984      +.23       +.33       +.16       +.23
1988      +.17       +.21       +.12       +.16

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived importanceof one's family
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Question: 'How important is your family for you?'
Rated on a seven point scale, ranging from 1 to 7.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978
1980
1984      +.13       +.13       +.10       +.17
1988      +.10       +.09       +.05       +.13

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /1
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Bhopalpani, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response108
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelEducation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Family needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 1,72; 1: 12,8; 2:24,8; 3: 39,4; M: 22,9;
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.04 ns
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelWorries about family members
Page in Source 28
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Direct questions rated on an open graphic scale ranging 
from 'not worried' to 'very worried'.

1) future of family members.

2) relationship with family members.
Remarks
                 
                            
                                  
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.30 ns
1) Future of family members.
                                  
                                                
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.45 p < .05
2) Relationship of family members:
   Lower among those of age 40-50
   Stronger among those of low S.E.S.
   Not among those of higher education.
   Unaffected by sex.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudySelim (2008): study TR 1990
TitleLife Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 531 - 562
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9218-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6338

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of family
Page in Source 547, 553
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about importance of 
religion: 
0 unimportance of family (reference)
1 importance of family

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+ p < .01
importance of family (compared to unimportance of 
family)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+ p < .01
importance of family (compared to unimportance of 
family)

OLRC's are controled for:
- year dummies
- gender
- age
- marital status
- number of childeren
- education level
- type of employment
- income scales
- health status 
- importance of life domains
- political orientations and trust

OLRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes.Values are therefore not reported in this 
abstract.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyWarr (1978): study GB 1976
TitleA Study of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceThe British Journal of Psychology, 1978, Vol. 6, 111 - 121
PublicSteel workers, 6 months after closure of plant, Manchester, UK, 1976
Sample
Non-Response9 % (4 % ill, 5 % refused), 13 % not contacted
Respondents N =1655

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety about family
Page in Source 116
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Single closed question concerning anxiety in the past 
few weeks about Ss family rated on an 11-point scale 
from 'not at all' to 'a great deal'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyZautra (1975): study US Utah 1970
TitleQuality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA
Public18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelFamily Responsibility
Page in Source 58,78
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Factors derived from topics mentioned in response to 
open questions on responsibilities, concerns and 
resources
a Family responsiblities
b Leisure time
c Number of daily activities
d Requests for assistance
e Family troubles

Rated
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
Remarks
Factor 14.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about family
Subject code: F02ag01

StudyBray & Howard (1983): study US 1956
TitleThe AT & T Longitudinal Studies of Managers.
SourceSchaie, K.W.; Ed.: "Longitudinal Studies of Adult Psychological Development", Guilford Press, 1983, New York, USA, 266 - 312
Public40+ aged male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1980
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponsePanel loss at T5 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelAbsence of familial worries
Page in Source 302
Our classificationConcern about family, code F02ag01
Operationalization
Rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method 
assessments during stays in assessment-center.

Rater instruction: "To what extent is this person free 
from concern about his or her children, parents, or 
other family members (excluding spouse)".

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=
T5 absence of familial worries by T5.

Analysis showed a significantly positive 
correlation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelFamily satisfaction
Page in Source 76
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on two questions rated on 7-step Delighted 
terrible scale
Questions not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-0-ar=+.52 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelFamily activities
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
1 single question on satisfaction with the things you 
and your family do together, scored on a 1-9 D-T rating 
scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.8 SD = 1.5
Remarks
Item scored on the same rating scale as the question on 
happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.45 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.09
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.08
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your family relations?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos (2003): study CA Prince George 2001
TitlePolicing Services and The Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 1 - 18
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1021259917948
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response72%
Respondents N =687

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with your familly relations
Page in Source 13-14
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them 
today.  Please indicate how satisfied you are with each 
of them.... 
How satisfied are you with your family relations?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.10 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta'controlled for satisfaction with
- your house
- your living partner
- your job
- your friendships
- your health
- your spiritusl fulfilment
- your financial security
- your recreational activities
- your self-esteem
- your local policing services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2003): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleLeisure Activities, Health and the Quality of Life.
SourceMichalos, A.C.;Ed.: "Essays on the Quality of Life", Kluwer, 2003, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 217 - 238
Public18+ aged, general public, British Columbia, USA, 1999
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response17,6
Respondents N =440

Correlate
Author's labelFamily relations satisfaction
Page in Source 232
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about satisfaction with 
your family relations.
Full question not reported.

Rated vey dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (7)
Observed distribution1999 M = 5,6 1998 M = 5,7 1987 M = 6,0
Remarks
N = 326

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.13
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- self esteem
- job
- friendship
- living partner
- present age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2003): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleLeisure Activities, Health and the Quality of Life.
SourceMichalos, A.C.;Ed.: "Essays on the Quality of Life", Kluwer, 2003, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 217 - 238
Public18+ aged, general public, British Columbia, USA, 1999
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response17,6
Respondents N =440

Correlate
Author's labelLiving partner satisfaction
Page in Source 232
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about satisfaction with 
your living partner.
Full question not reported.

Rated vey dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (7)
Observed distribution1999 M = 5,9 1998 M = 5,9 1987 M = 6,3
Remarks
N = 326

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- self esteem
- job 
- friendship 
- family relations 
- present age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006): study CA British Columbia 1998
TitleA Note on Student Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 51 - 59
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-2404-y
PublicUniversity students Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1998 - 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3407

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family
Page in Source 52, 54
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your family?
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.6, SD = 1.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.51 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.41 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.46 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family relaltions
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your family relations?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.47 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.08 p < .05
All               +.08
Females           +.08
Males             +.06
18 -24 aged       +.09
25+ aged          +.08
Aboriginals =     ns
Other etnecities  +.09
Unemployed        +.13
Other workstatus  +.08
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.42 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.04 p < .05
All               +.04
Females           +.05
Males             +.03
18 -24 aged       +.11
25+ aged          +.04
Aboriginals =     ns
Other etnecities  +.06
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.39 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.07 p < .05
All               +.07
Females           +.08
Males             +.06
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          +.08
Aboriginals =     ns
Other etnecities  +.08
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with living partner
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your living partner?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.48 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.01 p < .05
All               +.10
Females           +.11
Males             +.09
18 -24 aged       +.12
25+ aged          +.10
Aboriginals =     +.19
Other etnecities  +.10
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.12
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.42 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.07 p < .05
All               +.07
Females           +.07
Males             +.07
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          +.07
Aboriginals =     +.11
Other etnecities  +.06
Unemployed        +.09
Other workstatus  +.07
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.43 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.13 p < .05
All               +.13
Females           +.15
Males             +.11
18 -24 aged       +.22
25+ aged          +.12
Aboriginals =     +.26
Other etnecities  +.12
Unemployed        +.11
Other workstatus  +.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (1999): study CA Prince George 1997
TitlePublic Services and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 125 - 156
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006893225196
PublicAdult general population, Prince George, Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response64%
Respondents N =715

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family relations
Page in Source 143, 145, 148
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question. Text not reported.
Rated:
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.14
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - friendships
 - self esteem
 - government services
 - living partner
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.09
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - job
 - friendships
 - self esteem
 - living partner
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.16
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - living partner
 - self esteem
 - job opportunity
 - weather


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyKaliterna Lipovcan & Prizmic-Larsen (2006): study HR 2003
TitleWhat makes Croats Happy? Predictors of Happiness in Representative Sample.
SourceDelle Fave, A.;Ed.: "Dimensions of Well- Being. Research and Intervention, Franco Angeli, 2006, Milan, Italy, 53 - 59
Public18+aged, general public, Croatia, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =1242

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Relationship with family and friends
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport on satisfaction with Relationship with 
family and friends
1: not at all satisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied
Observed distributionM=8,6 SD=1,71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aBeta=+.15 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
-standard of living, 
-health, 
-achievement in life, 
-feelings of physical safety, 
-acceptance by community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyHeinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997
TitleIs the Evaluation of the Global Quality of Life Determined by Emotional Status?
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol.13, 1347 - 1356
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000040788.12947.b9
Public25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =3838

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family
Page in Source 1352/1353
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
selfreport of satisfaction with their family life rated 
very unsatisfying(1) to very satisfying(5)
Observed distributionMales: M = 3,55 SD = 0,8. Females: M = 3,69 SD =0,8
Remarks
Family: Satisfaction with family

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=-.04 p < .27
females
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=+.14 p < .001
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=-.22 p < .27
males
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=+.27 p < .001
Beta's controled for socio-demographics(step 1)
- age
- education
- employment
- marital status
-physical well-being
-functinal well-being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of one's family life
Page in Source 372
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Closed question ranging from 'very bad' to 'very good'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.66
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyRojas (2006): study MX Multiple regions 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and Satisfaction in Domains of Life: Is It a Simple Relationship?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 467 - 497
DOIDOI:10,1007/s/10902-006-9009-2
PublicGeneral public, Regions, Mexico, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response62,1%
Respondents N =1535

Correlate
Author's labelFamily satisaction
Page in Source 481,483
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction with: 
a: spouse or stable-partner relationship
b: children relationship
c: rest-of-family relationship
Rated on a 7-point numerical scale(1= extremely 
dissatisfied to 9=extremely satisfied)

Questions not reported.
Observed distributionN=579

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cr=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyDuarte et al. (2010): study ZZ Various nation sets 2007
TitleNew Approaches in transporting Planning: Happiness and transport Economics.
SourceNetnomics, 2010, Vol. 11, 5 - 32
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11066-009-9037-2
Public18+ aged, general public, multiple nations, 2007
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1084

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
How happy do you feel with your family life?
Rated as:
1: least happy
.
.
10: most happy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-dBeta=+.36 s
Beta controlled for:
- satisfaction with
  - social life
  - financial situation
  - work trips
  - leisure trips


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyRadcliff (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleClass Organization and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 513 - 530
Public15+ aged, general public, 17 developed nations, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =17000

Correlate
Author's labelHome life quality
Page in Source 519-521+526
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Respondent' s appraisal of the quality of his or her 
'home life' ; 1-10 ascending scale.
Remarks
1990 World Values Survey (CPSR 6160) v180

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.50 p < .001
b (0,49945)controlled for

National characteristics:
-union density
-social democracy
-culture
-GDP per capita
-unemployment

Individual characteristics:
-union membership
-marital status
-gender
-education
-age
-age squared
-number of children
-income
-unemployed
-church attendance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with relationship with family members
Page in Source question 10
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
How satisfied are you with your family life? 
1 completely dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 rather satisfied
4 quite satisfied
- DK/NA
Observed distribution1:5,2% 2:14,8% 3:34,9% 4:39,2% DK/NA:5,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=+
1:M = 1,84
2:M = 2,16
3:M = 2,48
4:M = 2,81
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+.33 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelFamily and friends satisfaction
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction on:
a family
b friends
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.37 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal relationships satisfaction
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction on:
-
- family
- friends
-
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.34 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003 /1
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicParents and adolescents, Spain, 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia.
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelRelationships satisfaction
Page in Source 107
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Self report on Relationships satisfaction.
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.24 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 1999
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 1999
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2300

Correlate
Author's labelFamily and friends satisfaction
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction on:
a family
b friends
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.38 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyHsieh (2014): study US 2009
TitleThrowing the Baby Out with the Bathwater: Evaluation of Domain Importance Weighting in Quality of Life Measurements
SourceSocial Indicators Research 119: 483-493
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-013-0500-y
Public50+ aged, Chicago area , USA, 200?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with family life
Page in Source 489,490
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question on satisfaction with 
family life. Full text not reported.
7  completely satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
5  slightly satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  slightly dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of this life 
domain relative to 7 other domains

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.33 p < .001
unweighted
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.18 ns
weighted by importance
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ab=+.32 p < .05
unweighted
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ab=+.38 p < .001
weighted by importance

b's controled for satisfaction with 
- work
- spare time
- financial situation
- neighbourhood
- health
- friendships
- religion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyHsieh (2008): study US 2005
TitleThe Relative Importance of Health
SourceSocial Indicators Research 87:127-137
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9162-y
PublicFrail older adults,Chicago area, USA, 2005
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with family life
Page in Source 133
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question on satisfaction with 
family life. Full text not reported.
7  completely satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
5  slightly satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  slightly dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of this life 
domain relative to 7 other domains.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyHsieh (2008): study US 2001
TitleThe Relative Importance of Health
SourceSocial Indicators Research 87:127-137
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9162-y
Public50+ aged, Chicago area , USA, 2001
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with family life
Page in Source 133
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question on satisfaction with 
family life. Full text not reported.
7  completely satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
5  slightly satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  slightly dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of this life 
domain relative to 8 other domains.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.26 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelFamily satisfaction
Page in Source 164
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your family situation?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.28 p < .01
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- political situation
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- do-it-yourself repairs
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyMookherjee (1997): study US 1986
TitleAssessment of Happiness among the Elderly Population in the United States.
SourceChrakravarty, I.;Ed.: "Life in Twilight Years", Kwality Book, 1997, Calcutta, India, 327 - 343
Public60+ aged, general public, USA 1982-91
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =3049

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family
Page in Source 336
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Single question on satisfaction with family
1. not satisfied
2. somewhat satisfied
3. well satisfied
Observed distributionN: 1=2197 2= 542 3= 310

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+ p < .00
1. M= 1.81 SD= .69
2. M= 1.99 SD= .63
3. M= 2.36 SD= .63
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30 p < .00
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.11 p < .00
Beta controlled for 
- socio-demographic variables:
   - Gender
   - Race
   - Marital status
   - Education
   - Financial status
   - Place of residence
   - Religious membership
   - Religious attendance
- satisfactions with:
   - Neighbours
   - Non-working activities
   - Friends
   - Health
   - Finance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelFamily strain
Page in Source 51,125,137,141,143
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
When you think about your family, how much of the time 
do you feel these ways?: 
a. Bothered or upset
b. worried
c. Frustrated
d. Tense
e. Emotionally worn out. 

Rated: 1 = Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very often
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=2,4, SD=.57, Married Mothers M = 2,8 SD = .68, Single Mothers M=2,9 SD = .77
Error Estimatesalpha = .84

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.34 p < .01
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.33 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.32 p < .01
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.42 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.61 p < .01
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.45 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelFamily satisfaction
Page in Source 51,128,137,140,143
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with 
each of the following:
a your children,
b Your family life
c Your marriage

Rated: 1= not at all satisfied, 2 = not too satisfied, 
3 = somewhat satisfied, 4 = very satisfied, 5 = 
extremely satisfied
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=4,1, SD=.68, Married Mothers M = 3,8 SD = .78, Single Mothers M=3,6 SD = .57
Error Estimatesalpha = =.77
Remarks
For single parents the item on marriage was substituted 
for missing values on the marital satisfaction 
question.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39 p < .01
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.48 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.55 p < .01
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.63 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.60 p < .01
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.63 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage and family life
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
3-item index of questions "How do you
feel about....?"
a  your wife/ husband
b  your marriage
3. your family life (i.e. your wife/husband, your 
marriage and your children, if any)
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.60
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.49
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.49
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.35
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with agreement in family
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how well your 
family agrees on how family income should be spent?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage, family life
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
A your wife/ husband (asked in July
   1973)
b  your marriage (asked in July 1973)
c  your own family life - your wife/
   husband, your marriage, your
   children, if any (asked in July 1973
   and November 1972)" 
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.56


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyLondon et al. (1977): study US 1972
TitleThe Contribution of Job and Leisure Satisfaction to Quality of Life.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1977, Vol. 62, 328 - 334
DOIDOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.62.3.328
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with activities with family
Page in Source 330
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Self-report on question about satisfaction with things 
they and their family do together

Rated on an 7-point numerical scale (1=delighted to 
7=terrible)
Observed distributionN:1225; M=2,19; SD=1,10
Remarks
Scale reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .05
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.26 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- co-workers 
- the work itself
- benefits and securitiy of the job
- physical surroundings and amount of work
- equipment at work
- activities with friends
- social contacts
- affiliation to organizations
- sport and recreational facilities
- entertainment facilities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Index of closed questions:"How do you feel about....?"
a children
b wife/husband
c  marriage.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.38
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.19
ß controlled for: 
- Efficacy
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- House/apartment
- Spare-time activities
- National government
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.15
ß additonally controlled for sociodemographic 
variables:
- family life-cycle
- family income
- education
- race
- sexe
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with activities with family
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the things you 
and your family do together?"                           

Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.38
Unaffected by sexe
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.08
ß controlled for: 
- Efficacy
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- House/apartment
- Spare-time activities
- National government
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.08
ß additonally controlled for sociodemographic 
variables:
- family life-cycle
- family income
- education
- race
- sexe
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with family agreement on spending
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how well your 
family agrees on how family income should be spent?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with own family life
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your own family 
life - your wife/husband, your marriage, your children, 
if any?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.50
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with family
Subject code: F02ag02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with activities with family
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with family, code F02ag02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the things you 
and your family do together?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.40
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.31


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single closed question:

"How is your mood these days....?"
4 very good all the time
3
2
1 not good almost all the time
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A very lonely
B restless
C bored
D depressed
E on top of the world
F exited or interested
G pleased about accomplishment
H proud

Answer options:
1 never
2 once
3 several times
4 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
A-CA-mh-tsb-?-0-aTime sampling of happy behaviors

Frequency of positive affect shown during two 20 minute sessions of mother child interaction (both play and command situation) both at home and in a laboratory.
Sessions were video recorded and rated afterwards
C-A-h-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about what you have accomplished in life...?
3 well satisfied
2 reasonable satisfied
1 dissatisfied:
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aVarious self reports and informant rating

A Selfreport on five questions repeated three times during semester:
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
Answers rated: 7 strongly agree ...1 strongly disagree
(Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale, SWLS)

B Selfreport on 24 questions:
How much of each mood did you experience in the last month?
BA LOVE
a Affection
b love
c caring
d fondness
BB JOY
a joy
b happiness
c contentment
d pride
BC FEAR
a fear
b worry
c anxiety
d nervous
BD ANGER
a anger
b irritation
c disgust
d rage
BE SHAME
a shame
b guilt
c regret
d embarrassment
BF SADNES
a sadness
b loneliness
c unhappiness
d depression
Rated: 0 = not at all ….6 extremely much
Summation: balance score (BA+BB)/2 - (BC+BD+BE+BF)/4

C Rating of B by five informants

D Selfreport of daily affect on B

Summation: z-scores
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-CO---mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A
How often do you find yourself feeling disappointed about the ways things have turned out for you?
1 often
2 sometimes
3 hardly ever

B
All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in your life today?
1 almost none
2 some
3 a good deal

C
On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life today?
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied

Summation: A+B+C/3
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported
Rated on a 7-step pictorial faces scale, presented on a card
(pictures not shown here)
7 smiling face, very happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 frowning face, very unhappy
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

Now I am going to ask you how you FEEL, not just at the moment, but GENERALLY in your life. How happy do you generally feel? On a scale from o to 10...
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

"Are you generally satisfied? "
2 yes
1 no
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied do you feel about your life as a whole...?"
8 delighted
7 very pleased
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed feelings
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8 + + + + + + + +
7 + + + + + + + -
6 + + + + + + - -
5 + + + + + - - -
4 + + + + - - - -
3 + + + - - - - -
2 + + - - - - - -
2 + - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

".......happiness....."
(Full text not reported)
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life..
1 unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy

(originally presented horizontally)

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking; how would you say, you are these days.....?
1 very happy
2 pretty happy
3 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nSelfreport on single question:

In general, I am happy with how things are in my life right now
1 disagree strongly
2 disagree
3 agree
4 strongly agree
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....?
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 pretty happy
4 not too happy
3 a bit unhappy
2 pretty unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole?
7 completely happy
6 very happy
5 fairly happy
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3 fairly unhappy
2 very unhappy
1 completely unhappy
- can't choose
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-dSelfreport on single question:

How happy do you consider yourself in an overall perspective?
10 most happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 least happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-hSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how happy would you say you are? Are you......?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not so happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-g-sq-v-2-eSelfreport on single question

I am a very happy person
2 true
1 false
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you estimate your quality of life as a whole during the last 4 weeks?
| 0
|
|
|
|
|
| 100
Rated on 15 cm vertical open line
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"........satisfaction with life........."
(Full item not reported)
0 not at all satisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"........life-satisfaction........."
(Full text not reported)
1 -
2
3
4
5 +
(Response options: not reported)
O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how satisfying do you find the way you're spending your life these days.....?"

Rated on numerical scale
(steps and labels not reported)
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question

'Taken all together, how satisfied are you with the life you currently lead? Please indicate on this scale. 10 means that you are completely satisfied and 1 means that you are completely dissatisfied.'
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3 completely satisfying
2 pretty satisfying
1 not very satisfying
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question :

All things considered, how satisfied are you with the way your life is these days ........?
1 not at all satisfied
2 somewhat satisfied
3 just so-so
4 pretty satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"..... satisfaction with life ......"
(full lead item not reported)

Rated on a wooden miniature ladder, handed to the respondent
[ 5 ] very satisfied
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gSelf report on single question:

How satisfying do you find your life at the moment.....?
1 very dissatisfying
2 quite dissatisfying
3 not satisfying not dissatisfying
4 quite satisfying
5 very satisfying
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aSelf report on single question:

Taken all together, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 average
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
5 completely satisfied
4 satisfied
3 unsatisfied nor satisfied
2 unsatisfied
1 completely unsatisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?

I want you to pick a number between 0 and 10 that indicates your level of satisfaction. The more satisfied you are, the higher the number you should pick. The less satisfied you are, the lower the number.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

This item is at the end of a list of identical questions about satisfaction in specific domains of life: home, employment opportunities, financial situation, safety, neighborhood, health and free time
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-fSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, to what extend are you satisfied with your life?
0 the minimum
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 the maximun
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question

.. Satisfaction with life as a whole (full text not reported)
7 completely satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
5 slightly satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 slightly dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bSelfreport on single question:

When you consider your life-as-a-whole, are you..........?
0 quite dissatisfied
1
2
3
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
4 somewhat satisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied.
How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel.
We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

All in all, I am satisfied with my life
2 true
1 false
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not too satisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything in your life into consideration, how satisfied with your life are you?
1 extremely unsatisfied
2 very unsatisfied
3 unsatisfied
4 satisfied nor unsatisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
7 extremely satisfied
O-Sum---mq-*-0-aSelf report on 8 items

A How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a 9-step Delighted-Terrible scale
Asked twice in the interview with 15 minutes interval

B a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'
Answers rated: 7 strongly agree to 1 strongly disagree

C How do you feel usually?
0 extremely unhappy
.
.
10 extremely happy

Computation: factor
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-aSelfreport on 2 questions

A Happiness
B Life-satisfaction

Texts not reported

Summation: A+B
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A. " Dissatisfied" and "Unhappy" responses on the Block (1961) Adjective Rating List.

B. Overall happiness. Single direct question: "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .......?"
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. Present-year score on Life-Evaluation Chart, ranging from:
1 low
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 high
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aSelfrepiort on single question:

I think of my life as interesting and satisfying
1 disagree
2 mostly agree
3 neither agree or disagree
4 mostly agree
5 agree


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mcGuttman's monotonicy coefficient.
Range: [-1, +1].
Measurement level: Both correlate and happiness ordinal or interval
Based on the multiplication of signed differences within one variable with the corresponding difference in the second variable and summation over all possible differences.
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
MCTMultiple Comparison Test, variant not specified
Possible variants: Scheffe, Tukey, Student/Newman/Keuls, Bonferoni (BMCT)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level Correlate nominal, Happiness: metric
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
TTSCHUPROW'S T
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0 ; SQRT[[min(r,c)-1]/[max(r,c) -1]]], c and r being the numbers of colums resp. rows in a cross tabulation.

Meaning:
T = 0 « no association
T -> 1 « strongest possible association.

NOTE: sometimes the square value is reported instead !


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONC02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONM04MARRIAGE: PARTNER
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONM03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONM02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONM01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONH13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONF01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATIONC03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)
F02aaFamily career (family life-cycle)A04aa02Stage of life
F02aaFamily career (family life-cycle)H05aa01dExtremes of happiness experienced
F02aaFamily career (family life-cycle)H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION
F02abFamily compositionH13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION
F02ab01Single parentM01ab02Recent dissolution of marriage
F02ab01Single parentH13ab02Living with children
F02ab01Single parentF01ab02Number of parents (broken home)
F02acFamily climateS10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED
F02acFamily climateS11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED
F02ac01Earlier family-climateM03aaRelationship career
F02aeHardship in family of procreationL06aa01aBurden of earlier life-events
F02aeHardship in family of procreationL06ab01Burden of current life-events
F02afWorking mother F01ajWorking mother
F02af01Oneself-mother: works (vs not)E02ab01Full-time home maker
F02af01Oneself-mother: works (vs not)E02af02Part-time working of house-wives
F02af02Spouse-mother: works (vs not)M04ab03bEmployment of spouse
F02agAttitudes to family of procreationF03acAttitudes to family-life
F02agAttitudes to family of procreationV02aa01dNurturance (caring)
F02ag02Satisfaction with familyN08aa03Average satisfaction with home life

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings