Findings on Happiness and BODY

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and BODY
Subject Code: B03

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
B03BODY0
B03abPhysical development1
B03ab01Earlier body characteristics29
B03ab02Change in body11
B03ab03Current stage of physical maturation0
B03ab03aMenarche0
B03ab03bMenopause1
B03acCurrent morphological characteristics4
B03ac01Heigth10
B03ac02Strength1
B03ac03Weight19
B03adCurrent motorial characteristics0
B03ad01Right/left handed0
B03aeCurrent physical states3
B03ae01Menstruating0
B03ae02Pregnant9
B03ae03Blood-pressure2
B03ae04Tension1
B03ab04Later bodily characteristics0
B03ae02aStage of pregnancy1
B03ae02bQuality of pregnancy (mother or child at risk)1
B03aaGenetic characteristics0
B03aa01serotin transporter gene1
B03ac04Body Maass Index (BMI)5
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and BODY
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=B03
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and serotin transporter gene
Subject code: B03aa01

StudyDeNeve (2011): study US 2001
TitleFunctional Polymorphism (5 - HTTLPR) in the Serotin Transporter Gene is Associated with Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from a US nationally representative sample.
SourceJournal of Human Genetics, 2011, Vol. 56, 456 - 459
DOIDOI:10.1038/jhg.2011.39
PublicYoung adults, USA, 2001-2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2574

Correlate
Author's labelserotonin transporter gene
Page in Source 2
Our classificationserotin transporter gene, code B03aa01
Operationalization
1: long 5-HTTLPR alleles
0: short 5- HTTLPR alleles
Observed distribution 1:57%, 0: 43 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rDM=+
% distribution of life-satisfaction

  dissatisfied neither satisfied very satisfied
1:   20.0     30.5     33.8       35.4
0:   26.2     22.6     19.4       19.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Physical development
Subject code: B03ab

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMuscle tone shortly after birth
Page in Source 352,354
Our classificationPhysical development, code B03ab
Operationalization
Muscle tone shortly after birth as reported in medical 
file
1: normal
2: one of the following:
   2a: side sifferences
   2b:clearly reduced, arms or legs
   2c:increased, arms or legs
   2d: clearly reduced all extremities
   2e: increased all extremities
Assesed at day 1 and day 5
Observed distributionN day 1 all:4235, 1:79,5%; 2a:0,5%, 2b:0,4%; 2c:3,8%; 2d:0,7%; 2e:10,4% N day 5 all:4135, 1:80,9%, 2a:0,5%, 2b:1,1%, 2c:1,0%; 2d:1,8%, 2e:1,0%
Remarks
see also: muscle tone after 1 year

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
day 1         day 5
1: Mt=7.74    1: 7.73
2: Mt=7.71    2: 7.57 
   2a:Mt=7.13    2a:7.14
   2b:Mt=8.24    2b:7.61
   2c:Mt=7.84    2c:8.09
   2d:Mt=7.74    2d:7.54
   2e:Mt=7.68    2e:7.26
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-.01 p < .439
day 1
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-.01 p < .752
day 5
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
day 1         day 5
1: Mt=7.44    1: 7.41
2: Mt=7.35    2: 7.29
   2a:Mt=7.00    2a:6.66
   2b:Mt=8.09    2b:7.68
   2c:Mt=7.38    2c:7.61
   2d:Mt=7.26    2d:7.23
   2e:Mt=7.34    2e:6.98
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=-.03 p < .071
day 1
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=-.00 p < .802
day 5
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
day 1          day 5
1: Mt=7.04     1: 7.09
2: Mt=6.91     2: 6.95
   2a:Mt=7.35     2a:7.21
   2b:Mt=6.85     2b:6.86
   2c:Mt=7.00     2c:6.43
   2d:Mt=6.78     2d:6.93
   2e:Mt=7.04     2e:7.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-.03 p < .076
day 1
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-.01 p < .753
day 5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelSkeletal abnormalities at age one
Page in Source 598,600
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Skeletal abnormalities at age one as reported in 
medical file
a: torticollis
b: reduced dorsal flexion in foot joint
c: valgus position, one foot
d: valgus position, both feet
e: varus position, one foot
f: varus position, both feet
g: bent back
h: scoliosis
i: adduction spasm
j: adduction spasm
k: inguinal hernia
Observed distributionN: a:8, b:4, c:126, d:469, e:16, f:41, g:183, h:8, i:15, j:240, k:11
Remarks
Only Ss with abnormalities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
a: Mt=7.81
b: Mt=6.25
c: Mt=7.19
d: Mt=7.76
e: Mt=7.81
f: Mt=6.83
g: Mt=7.78
h: Mt=7.50
i: Mt=7.84
j: Mt=7.78
k: Mt=8.41
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
a: Mt=7.19
b: Mt=5.63
c: Mt=6.95
d: Mt=7.51
e: Mt=7.50
f: Mt=6.53
g: Mt=7.36
h: Mt=6.88
i: Mt=8.00
j: Mt=7.48
k: Mt=8.64
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
a: Mt=7.50
b: Mt=6.25
c: Mt=6.65
d: Mt=7.01
e: Mt=7.19
f: Mt=6.83
g: Mt=6.90
h: Mt=7.19
i: Mt=7.50
j: Mt=7.09
k: Mt=7.73


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHead circumference at birth
Page in Source 430
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Head circumference at birth as reported in medical file
1:under 30 cm
2:30-32 cm
3:32-34 cm
4:34-36 cm
5:36-38 cm
6:over 38 cm
Observed distributionN all:4195, 1:2,0%, 2:3,4%, 3:30,0%, 4:50,0%, 5:13,8%, 6:0,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=7.58
3: Mt=7.68
4: Mt=7.80
5: Mt=7.59
6: Mt=8.16
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.01 p < .365
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT=
ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.53
2: Mt=7.28
3: Mt=7.33
4: Mt=7.46
5: Mt=7.30
6: Mt=8.01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.01 p < .512
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT=
ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.13
2: Mt=7.03
3: Mt=6.94
4: Mt=7.06
5: Mt=6.94
6: Mt=7.58
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.08 p < .613
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT=
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelSubcutaneous fat layer at birth
Page in Source 238
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Subcutaneous fat layer at birth as reported in medical 
file
1: thin subcutaneous fat layer
2: normal subcutaneous fat layer
3: thick subcutaneous level
assessed at day 1
Observed distributionN all:4328, 1:18,1%, 2:67,2%, 3:14,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1: Mt=7.76
2: Mt=7.73
3: Mt=7.68
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 p < .4206
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1: Mt=7.40
2: Mt=7.40
3: Mt=7.38
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.00 p < .8562
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.93
2: Mt=7.05
3: Mt=6.96
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 p < .6594


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelCondition at birth
Page in Source 280
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Condition at birth as reported in medical file
1: crying within 1 minute
2: mildly affected (cyanotic, sluggish, tonus 
preserved)
3: heavily affected (pale and limp)
Observed distributionN all:4334, 1:91,5%, 2:5,5%, 3:3,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.73
2: Mt=7.89
3: Mt=7.53
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.00 p < .803
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.40
2: Mt=7.51
3: Mt=7.29
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.00 p < .972
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.00
2: Mt=7.09
3: Mt=6.98
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.00 p < .862


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelWeight at birth
Page in Source 282
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Weight at birth in grams as reported in medical file
1: under 1550 g
2: 1550-2000 g
3: 2050-2500 g
4: 2550-3000 g
5: 3050-3500 g
6: 3550-4000 g
7: 4050-4500 g
8: 4550-5000 g
9: over 5000 g
Observed distributionN all:4354 1:0,9%, 2:2,9%, 3:7,6%, 4:23,0%, 5:37,2%, 6:22,1%, 7:5,3%, 8:0,8%, 9:0,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.80
2: Mt=7.54
3: Mt=7.78
4: Mt=7.80
5: Mt=7.75
6: Mt=7.59
7: Mt=7.74
8: Mt=7.91
9: Mt=8.21
All:  7.73
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-01 p < .382
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.44
2: Mt=7.44
3: Mt=7.56
4: Mt=7.43
5: Mt=7.43
6: Mt=7.24
7: Mt=7.53
8: Mt=7.43
9: Mt=7.86
All:  7.86
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 p < .181
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.08
2: Mt=6.88
3: Mt=7.15
4: Mt=7.00
5: Mt=7.05
6: Mt=6.93
7: Mt=6.94
8: Mt=7.29
9: Mt=7.86
All:  7.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-,01 p < .544


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelLength at birth
Page in Source 284
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
length at birth in cm as reported in medical file
1: under 40 
2: 40-44
3: 45-47
4: 48-49
5: 50-51
6: 52-54
7: over 54
Observed distributionN all: 4348, 1:0,3%, 2:2,4%, 3:6,9%, 4:14,3%, 5:36%, 6:34%, 7:6,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
 1: Mt=8.19
 2: Mt=7.58
 3: Mt=7.53
 4: Mt=7.79
 5: Mt=7.78
 6: Mt=7.70
 7: Mt=7.70
All Mt=7.73
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.01 p < .721
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
 1: Mt=7.50
 2: Mt=7.58
 3: Mt=7.23
 4: Mt=7.39
 5: Mt=7.36
 6: Mt=7.35
 7: Mt=7.34
All Mt=7.40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 p < .714
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
 1: Mt=7.50
 2: Mt=6.88
 3: Mt=6.83
 4: Mt=6.99
 5: Mt=7.09
 6: Mt=6.99
 7: Mt=6.99
All Mt=7.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 p < .517


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelBlood-type at birth
Page in Source 286
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Blood-type at birth as reported in medical file
a: O without sensitization
b: A without sensitization
c: B without sensitization
d: AB without sensitization
e: A with sensitization
f: B with sensitization
g: transfusion because of jaundice without known cause
Observed distributionN all:1873, a:40,8%, b:40,7%, c:9,9%, d:4,5%, e:1,7%, f:0,4%, g:2,0%
Remarks
Humans have the following blood types along with their 
respective antigens and antibodies:
Individuals with type A blood have red blood cells with 
antigen A on their surface and produce antibodies 
against antigen B in their blood serum. Therefore an 
A-negative person can only receive blood from another 
A-negative person or from an O-negative person. 
Individuals with type B blood have the opposite 
arrangement, antigen B on their cells and produce 
antibodies against antigen A in their serum. Therefore, 
a B-negative person can only receive blood from another 
B-negative person or from an O-negative person. 
Individuals with type AB blood have red blood cells 
with both antigens A and B and do not produce 
antibodies against either antigen in their serum. 
Therefore, a person with type AB-positive blood can 
safely receive any ABO type blood and is called a 
"universal receiver". However an AB-postive person 
cannot donate blood except to another AB-positive 
person. 
Individuals with type O blood have red blood cells with 
neither antigen but produce antibodies against both 
types of antigens. Therefore, a person with type 
O-negative blood can safely donate to a person with any 
ABO blood type and is called a "universal donor". 
However an O-negative person can only receive blood 
from another O-negative person. 
Overall, the O blood type is the most common blood type 
in the world, although in some areas, such as Sweden 
and Norway, the A group dominates. The A antigen is 
overall more common than the B antigen. Since the AB 
blood type requires the presence of both A and B 
antigens, the AB blood type is the rarest of the ABO 
blood types. There are known racial and geographic 
distributions of the ABO blood types.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
 a: Mt=7.81
 b: Mt=7.61
 c: Mt=7.84
 d: Mt=7.76
 e: Mt=7.83
 f: Mt=8.13
 g: Mt=8.35
All Mt=7.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
 a: Mt=7.48
 b: Mt=7.36
 c: Mt=7.58
 d: Mt=7.14
 e: Mt=7.83
 f: Mt=7.50
 g: Mt=7.96
All Mt=7.40
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
 a: Mt=7.14
 b: Mt=6.91
 c: Mt=7.08
 d: Mt=7.11
 e: Mt=7.34
 f: Mt=7.50
 g: Mt=7.30
All Mt=7.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelFauces at age one
Page in Source 524
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Fauces at age one as reported in medical file
a: large tonsils
b: large tonsils with acute change
Observed distributionN a:44%, b:9%
Remarks
The fauces (a Latin plural word for throat; the 
singular faux is rarely found), in anatomy, the hinder 
part of the mouth, which leads into the pharynx.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
a: Mt=7.95
b: Mt=7.24
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-,16 p < .036
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
a: Mt=7.59
b: Mt=6.99
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=-,11 p < .140
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
a: Mt=7.15
b: Mt=6.73
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-,10 p < .198


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAbility to walk at age one
Page in Source 568
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Ability to walk at age one as reported in medical file
1:cannot walk despite support
2:walks with strong support
3:walks with support
4:walks well independently
Observed distributionN: 1:225, 2:404, 3:1429, 4:1817,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1: Mt=7.40
2: Mt=7.73
3: Mt=7.74
4: Mt=7.75
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1: Mt=7.34
2: Mt=7.38
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.39
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.73
2: Mt=6.93
3: Mt=7.06
4: Mt=7.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelPosition legs and toes at age one
Page in Source 568
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Position legs and toes at age one as reported in 
medical file
a: toes point downward and inward
b: crosses legs
Observed distributiona:115, b:60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
a:  Mt=7.61
b:  Mt=7.59
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
a:  Mt=6.96
b:  Mt=7.16
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
a:  Mt=7.06
b:  Mt=7.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHemoglobin at birth
Page in Source 410
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Hemoglobin at birth as reported in medical file
1: less than 100 (umbilical cord 85)
2: between 100-114 (umbilical cord 85-109)
3: more than 115 (umbilical cord more than 110)
Observed distributionN all:1127, 1:9.6%, 2:39,1%, 3:51,2%
Remarks
Blood test to measure the number of red blood cells 
(hemoglobin) If the level too low, it is dangerous for 
baby's health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1: Mt=7.64
2: Mt=7.63
3: Mt=7.98
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.07 p < .0123
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .02
2<3
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.75
2: Mt=7.29
3: Mt=7.60
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.02 p < .458
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.18
2: Mt=6.99
3: Mt=7.14
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 p < .620
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT=
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHead growth shortly after birth
Page in Source 452
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Head growth to day 5 as reported in medical file
1: no head growth
2: head growth less than 0.5 cm
3: head growth more than 0.5 cm, but less than 1 cm
4: head growth more than 1 cm
Observed distributionN all:3118, %:1:69,4, 2:3,9, 3:22,5, 4:4,3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.00 p < .829
1: Mt=7.71
2: Mt=7.78
3: Mt=7.78
4: Mt=7.44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.00 p < .944
1: Mt=7.39
2: Mt=7.35
3: Mt=7.44
4: Mt=7.25
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 p < .462
1: Mt=6.99
2: Mt=6.90
3: Mt=7.11
4: Mt=6.89


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelBirth defects
Page in Source 454,456
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Birth defects as reported in medical file
a: crooked mandible, right side
b: crooked mandible, left side

c: no testes
d: hydrocele testes

e: valgus
f: hip dislocation
Assessed at day 1 and day 5
Observed distributionN day1 all:460, a:30, b:22, c:11, d:15, e:18, f:4 N day5 all:469, a:29, b:21, c:13, d:16, e:17, f:5
Remarks
only respondents with birth defects

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
day 1        day 5
a: Mt=7.90   a:7.93
b: Mt=7.65   b:7.76
c: Mt=7.84   c:7.71
d: Mt=7.86   d:7.79
e: Mt=7.71   e:7.66
f: Mt=8.29   f:7.50
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
day1
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
day 5
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
day1         day5
a: Mt=7.46   a:7.55
b: Mt=7.23   b:7.30
c: Mt=7.45   c:7.50
d: Mt=7.33   d:7.28
e: Mt=7.44   e:7.28
f: Mt=7.50   f:7.39
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
day 1
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
day 5
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
day1         day5
a: Mt=7.14   a:7.23
b: Mt=7.05   b:7.16
c: Mt=7.01   c:7.04
d: Mt=6.75   d:6.85
e: Mt=7.01   e:6.90
f: Mt=7.76   f:7.73
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= ns
day 1
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= ns
day 5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHeight at age one
Page in Source 510
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Height at age one as reported in medical file
1: under 71 cm
2: 71-72 cm 
3: 73-74 cm
4: 75-76 cm
5: 77-78 cm
6: 79-80 cm
7: 81-85 cm
8: over 85 cm
Observed distributionN all:3523, 1:4,0%, 2:9,5%, 3:17,5%, 4:23,4%, 5:20,1%, 6:11,1%, 7:7,6%, 8:6,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.71
2: Mt=7.74
3: Mt=7.79
4: Mt=7.81
5: Mt=7.80
6: Mt=7.61
7: Mt=7.61
8: Mt=7.60
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.39
2: Mt=7.46
3: Mt=7.60
4: Mt=7.50
5: Mt=7.39
6: Mt=7.20
7: Mt=7.15
8: Mt=7.31
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.75
2: Mt=7.05
3: Mt=7.16
4: Mt=7.04
5: Mt=7.05
6: Mt=6.99
7: Mt=6.93
8: Mt=6.90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHead circumference at age one
Page in Source 512
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Head circumference at age one as reported in medical 
file
1: under 43 cm
2: 43-44 cm
3: 45-46 cm
4: 47-48 cm
5: 49-50 cm
6: over 50 cm
Observed distributionN all:3176, 1:0,4%, 2:5,2%, 3:30,7%, 4:44,0%, 5:16,6%, 6:3,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=6.15
2: Mt=7.84
3: Mt=7.81
4: Mt=7.78
5: Mt=7.55
6: Mt=7.80
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.02 p < .2189
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=6.73
2: Mt=7.41
3: Mt=7.50
4: Mt=7.40
5: Mt=7.26
6: Mt=7.50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 p < .2664
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.54
2: Mt=6.94
3: Mt=7.14
4: Mt=7.01
5: Mt=6.98
6: Mt=7.13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .5554


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelChest circumference at age one
Page in Source 514
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Chest circumference at age one as reported in medical 
file
1: under 43 cm
2: 43-44 cm
3: 45-46 cm
4: 47-48 cm
5: 49-50 cm
6: 51-55 cm
7: over 55 cm
Observed distributionN all:3143, %:1:1,0, 2:7,3, 3:23,6, 4:32,1, 5:23,3, 6:11,7, 7:0,9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=8.10
2: Mt=7.78
3: Mt=7.83
4: Mt=7.76
5: Mt=7.63
6: Mt=7.79
7: Mt=7.41
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 p < .1577
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.81
2: Mt=7.49
3: Mt=7.51
4: Mt=7.36
5: Mt=7.34
6: Mt=7.41
7: Mt=7.31
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.03 p < .1540
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.13
2: Mt=7.09
3: Mt=7.08
4: Mt=7.06
5: Mt=6.95
6: Mt=7.10
7: Mt=6.85
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .4913


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHemoglobin percentage at age one
Page in Source 516
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Hemoglobin percentage at age one as reported in medical 
file
1: under 61%
2: 61-70%
3: 71-80%
4: 81-90%
5: 91-100%
6: 100-110% 
7: over 110%
Observed distributionN all:3277, %:1:0,9, 2:1,7, 3:10,1, 4:36,9, 5:36,8, 6:12,5, 7:1,1
Remarks
Blood test to measure the number of red blood cells 
(hemoglobin) If the level too low, it is dangerous for 
baby's health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.09
2: Mt=7.85
3: Mt=7.78
4: Mt=7.74
5: Mt=7.78
6: Mt=7.55
7: Mt=7.50
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 p < .5227
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.34
2: Mt=7.36
3: Mt=7.41
4: Mt=7.40
5: Mt=7.49
6: Mt=7.09
7: Mt=7.29
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 p < .2561
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.00
2: Mt=7.19
3: Mt=6.99
4: Mt=7.01
5: Mt=7.06
6: Mt=6.91
7: Mt=6.74
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .5574


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelSize of fontanella at age one
Page in Source 518
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Size of fontanella at age one as reported in medical 
file
0a: cannot feel fontanelles
0b: fontanella 0.5*0.5 cm
0c: fontanella 1*1 cm
1a: fontanella 1.5*1.5 cm
1b: fontanella 2*2 cm
1c: fontanella over 2*2 cm
Observed distributionN all:3146, 0a:31,6%, 0b:17,1%, 0c:29,5%, 1a:8,3%, :9,1, 6:4,3
Remarks
0a, 0b, 0c = normal

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
0a: Mt=7.75
0b: Mt=7.69
0c: Mt=7.83
1a: Mt=7.78
1b: Mt=7.66
1c: Mt=7.83
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.00 p < .8226
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
0a: Mt=7.36
0b: Mt=7.33
0c: Mt=7.49
1a: Mt=7.44
1b: Mt=7.40
1c: Mt=7.63
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.03 p < .1858
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
0a: Mt=7.01
0b: Mt=7.04
0c: Mt=7.09
1a: Mt=6.96
1b: Mt=6.95
1c: Mt=7.23
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 p < .7152


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelFatness at age one
Page in Source 522
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Fatness at age one as reported in medical file
1: very thin
2: thin
3: average nutrition
4: fat
5: very fat
Observed distributionN a all:3888, 1:0,2%, 2:6,0%, 3:73,8%, 4:17,7%, 5:2,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
fatness at age one
1: Mt=8.13
2: Mt=7.85
3: Mt=7.74
4: Mt=7.63
5: Mt=7.86
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 p < .2548
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
fatness at age one
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=7.63
3: Mt=7.41
4: Mt=7.31
5: Mt=7.45
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 p < .1451
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
fatness at age one
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=7.21
3: Mt=7.01
4: Mt=6.93
5: Mt=7.14
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.02 p < .1953


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelCondition of teeth at age one
Page in Source 524
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Condition of teeth at age one as reported in medical 
file
a: caries
b: irregular eruption of teeth
c: tooth anomaly
Observed distributionN all:160, teeth:a:12, b:115, c:133
Remarks
only Ss with teeth problems

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
a: Mt=7.71
b: Mt=7.71
c: Mt=7.95
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
a: Mt=7.71
b: Mt=7.41
c: Mt=7.43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
a: Mt=6.66
b: Mt=6.98
c: Mt=7.13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of teeth at age one
Page in Source 526
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Number of teeth at age one as reported in medical file
1: no teeth
2: 1-2 teeth
3: 3-6 teeth
4: 7-8 teeth
5: 9-12 teeth
6: over 12 teeth
Observed distributionN all:3399, 1:2,0%, 2:6,2%, 3:32,3%, 4:35,1%, 5:15,8%, 6:8,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.58
2: Mt=7.68
3: Mt=7.81
4: Mt=7.74
5: Mt=7.78
6: Mt=7.53
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.02 p < .3640
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.39
2: Mt=7.28
3: Mt=7.55
4: Mt=7.49
5: Mt=7.45
6: Mt=7.14
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.03 p < .1087
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.79
2: Mt=6.85
3: Mt=7.15
4: Mt=6.96
5: Mt=7.13
6: Mt=6.85
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .6517


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMuscle tone at one-year
Page in Source 564
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
BCG vaccination(tuberculosis) in first year of life as 
reported in medical file
1:normal
2:abnormal:
  2a:side difference
  2b:suspicious exagerated tonus in legs
  2c:reduced upper extremities
  2d:reduced lower extremities
  2e:suspicious exagerated tonus in all extremities
  2f:reduced all extremities
Observed distributionN all:3888, 1:94,9%, 2a:0,2%, 2b:0,3%, 2c:0,1%, 2d:2,0%, 2e:0,3%, 2f:2,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1: Mt=7.74
2: Mt=7.58
2a:Mt=7.14
2b:Mt=7.05
2c:Mt=6.88
2d:Mt=7.54
2e:Mt=8.00
2f:Mt=7.70
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1: Mt=7.40
2: Mt=7.32
2a:Mt=6.43
2b:Mt=6.81
2c:Mt=8.13
2d:Mt=7.13
2e:Mt=8.25
2f:Mt=7.48
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1: Mt=7.01
2: Mt=6.86
2a:Mt=5.71
2b:Mt=7.05
2c:Mt=7.50
2d:Mt=6.80
2e:Mt=7.25
2f:Mt=6.91


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAbility to stand at age one
Page in Source 568
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Ability to stand at age one as reported in medical file
1:cannot stand without support
2:stands with strong support
3:stands with support
4:stands indepently
Observed distributionN: 1:55, 2:283, 3:1359, 4:2095,
Remarks
only absolute frequencies are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1: Mt=7.23
2: Mt=7.58
3: Mt=7.73
4: Mt=7.75
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1: Mt=7.09
2: Mt=7.26
3: Mt=7.41
4: Mt=7.40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1: Mt=6.64
2: Mt=6.88
3: Mt=7.01
4: Mt=7.03
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAcromioclavicle reflex at age one
Page in Source 570
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Acromioclavicle reflex at age one as rep[orted in 
medical file
1:normal
  1a: cannot elicit, despite relaxation
  1b: cannot elicit, not relaxed
  1c: both normal
  1d: right lacking
  1e: left lacking
2:abnormal
  2a: right lively
  2b: left lively
  2c: both lively
Observed distributionN all:3284, 1a:0,7%, 1b:1,4%, 1c:97,0%, 1d:0,1%, 1e:0,2%, 2a:0,2%, 2b:0,1%, 2c:0,3%
Remarks
1a-1e is normal
acromioclavical reflex is the reflex by knocking with a 
reflex hammer to outer joint of the shoulder blade

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.75
1a: Mt=7.28
1b: Mt=7.55
1c: Mt=7.75
1d: Mt=8.75
1e: Mt=8.34
21  Mt=7.62
2a: Mt=7.50
2b: Mt=7.50
2c: Mt=7.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.41
1a: Mt=7.05
1b: Mt=7.29
1c: Mt=7.41
1d: Mt=8.75
1e: Mt=7.09
2:  Mt=7.26
2a: Mt=6.25
2b: Mt=7.50
2c: Mt=7.73
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.03
1a: Mt=6.55
1b: Mt=6.75
1c: Mt=7.04
1d: Mt=7.50
1e: Mt=7.91
2:  Mt=6.79
2a: Mt=6.25
2b: Mt=6.88
2c: Mt=7.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelBiceps reflex at age one
Page in Source 572
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Biceps reflex at age one as reported in medical file
1:normal
  1a: cannot elicit, not relaxed
  1b: both normal
2:abnormal
  2a: cannot elicit, despite relaxation
  2b: right lively
  2c: left lively
  2d: both lively
Observed distributionN all:3289, 1a:1,0%, 1b:97,8%, 2a:0,2%, 2b:0,3%, 2c:0,3%, 2d:0,4%
Remarks
The biceps reflex is elicited by placing your thumb on 
the biceps tendon and striking your thumb with the 
reflex hammer and observing the arm movement. Repeat 
and compare with the other arm.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.75
1a: Mt=7.43
1b: Mt=7.75
2:  Mt=7.69
2a: Mt=8.00
2b: Mt=7.50
2c: Mt=7.50
2d: Mt=7.89
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.41
1a: Mt=7.20
1b: Mt=7.41
2:  Mt=7.82
2a: Mt=8.00
2b: Mt=7.50
2c: Mt=7.50
2d: Mt=8.28
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.02
1a: Mt=6.91
1b: Mt=7.03
2:  Mt=7.24
2a: Mt=6.00
2b: Mt=7.28
2c: Mt=7.50
2d: Mt=7.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAchilles reflex at age one
Page in Source 574
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Achilles reflex at age one as reported in medical file
1:normal
  1a: cannot elicit, not relaxed
  1b: both normal
2:abnormal
  2a: cannot elicit, despite relaxation
  2b: right side exaggerated
  2c: right side extended
  2d: left side extended
  2e: clonus
Observed distributionN all:3399, 1a:0,9%, 1b:95,3%, 2a:0,2%, 2b:0,1%, 2c:1,5%, 2d:1,6%, 2e:0,4%
Remarks
The ankle reflex is elicited by holding the relaxed 
foot with one hand and striking the Achilles tendon 
with the hammer and noting plantar flexion. Compare to 
the other foot.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.75
1a: Mt=7.98
1b: Mt=7.75
2:  Mt=7.62
2a: Mt=7.86
2b: Mt=5.00
2c: Mt=7.70
2d: Mt=7.73
2e: Mt=7.29
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.42
1a: Mt=7.81
1b: Mt=7.41
2:  Mt=7.29
2a: Mt=6.79
2b: Mt=4.16
2c: Mt=7.50
2d: Mt=7.50
2e: Mt=6.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.04
1a: Mt=7.11
1b: Mt=7.05
2:  Mt=6.97
2a: Mt=7.14
2b: Mt=5.00
2c: Mt=6.96
2d: Mt=7.00
2e: Mt=7.29


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelRhesus type at birth
Page in Source 402,404
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Rhesus type at birth as reported in medical file
A : Rh. negative (D negative)
Ba: Rh. positive without sensitization
Bb: Rh positive with weak sensitization
Bc: Rh positive with weak to medium strong 
sensitization
Bd: Rh positive with medium strong sensitization
Be: Rh positive with medium strong to strong 
sensittization
Bf: Rh positive with strong sensitization
Bg: Rh positive with maximum sensitization
Observed distributionN all:1879, A:21.8%, Ba:69.6%, Bb:0.4%, Bc:0.8%, Bd:1.5%, Be:0.7%, Bf:4.5%, Bg:0.6%
Remarks
Someone either has or does not have the Rh factor on 
the surface of their red blood cells. This is indicated 
as + or -This is often combined with the ABO type. Type 
O+ blood is most common, though in some areas type A 
prevails, and there are other areas in which as many as 
80 percent of the people are type B.
Matching the Rhesus factor in the ABO system is very 
important, as mismatching (an Rh positive donor to an 
Rh negative recipient) will cause hemolysis. The 
converse is not true: Rh+ patients do not react to Rh- 
blood.
Rh disease occurs when an Rh negative mother who has 
already had an Rh positive child (or an accidental Rh+ 
blood transfusion) carries another Rh positive child. 
After the first pregnancy, the mother develops IgG 
antibodies against Rh+ red blood cells, which can cross 
the placenta and hemolyse the red cells of the second 
child. This reaction doesn't always occur

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
A:Mt=7.54
B:Mt=7.80
  Ba:Mt=7.81
  Bb:Mt=6.88
  Bc:Mt=8.00
  Bd:Mt=7.93
  Be:Mt=7.89
  Bf:Mt=7.68
  Bg:Mt=7.50
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .3807
None of the values differ significantly
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
A:Mt=7.24
B:Mt=7.50
  Ba:Mt=7.50
  Bb:Mt=7.50
  Bc:Mt=7.16
  Bd:Mt=7.85
  Be:Mt=7.69
  Bf:Mt=7.53
  Bg:Mt=7.29
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
None of the values differ significantly
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
A:Mt=6.90
B:Mt=7.09
  Ba:Mt=7.10
  Bb:Mt=6.88
  Bc:Mt=7.16
  Bd:Mt=6.99
  Be:Mt=6.93
  Bf:Mt=7.04
  Bg:Mt=7.29
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= p < .8378
None of the values differ significantly


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelDocter's impression of health at age one
Page in Source 588
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Docter's impression of health at age one as reported in 
medical file
1:pale red blood (normal)
2:one of the following:
  2a:very pale, red blood
  2c:very pale
  2d:pale
  2e:stridor
  2f:mucus rattle
  2g:head cold
  2h:nasal congestion
Observed distributionN all:4161, 1:69,3%, 2a:4,4%, 2c:0,3%, 2d:9,7%, 2e:0,1%, 2f:1,1%, 2g:10,2%, 2h:4,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.74
2:  Mt=7.69
2a: Mt=7.78
2c: Mt=7.31
2d: Mt=7.68
2e: Mt=7.09
2f: Mt=7.84
2g: Mt=7.70
2h: Mt=7.63
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.43
2:  Mt=7.36
2a: Mt=7.55
2c: Mt=7.31
2d: Mt=7.38
2e: Mt=7.50
2f: Mt=7.28
2g: Mt=7.36
2h: Mt=7.18
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.04
2:  Mt=6.92
2a: Mt=6.98
2c: Mt=6.66
2d: Mt=6.95
2e: Mt=7.09
2f: Mt=6.89
2g: Mt=6.98
2h: Mt=6.73


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier body characteristics
Subject code: B03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAbnormal health conditions at age one
Page in Source 594,596
Our classificationEarlier body characteristics, code B03ab01
Operationalization
Abnormal health conditions at age one as reported in 
medical file
1:no abnormalconditions
2:one or more of the following conditions
  2b: endocrine organs
  2c: skin
  2d: blood
  2e: respiratory system
  2f: cardio-vascular system
  2g: pathological heart sound(mumur)
  2h: gastro-intestinal system
  2i: uro-genital system
  2j: central nervous system
  2k: skeleto-musculature apparatus
  2l: other
Observed distributionN: 1:3400, 2b:15, 2c:5, 2d:21, 2e:296, 2f:9, 2g:48, 2h:75, 2i:45, 2j:84, 2k:366, 2l:90
Remarks
Because the different abnormal findings are not 
mutually exclusive, only absolute frequencies are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.74
2:  Mt=7.70
2b: Mt=7.66
2c: Mt=6.50
2d: Mt=7.63
2e: Mt=7.95
2f: Mt=8.05
2g: Mt=7.98
2h: Mt=7.55
2i: Mt=7.73
2j: Mt=7.56
2k: Mt=7.53
2l: Mt=7.55
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.41
2:  Mt=7.35
2b: Mt=7.16
2c: Mt=5.50
2d: Mt=8.10
2e: Mt=7.54
2f: Mt=7.78
2g: Mt=7.60
2h: Mt=7.36
2i: Mt=7.34
2j: Mt=7.08
2k: Mt=7.34
2l: Mt=6.84
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.03
2:  Mt=7.01
2b: Mt=6.50
2c: Mt=5.50
2d: Mt=7.86
2e: Mt=7.00
2f: Mt=7.23
2g: Mt=7.24
2h: Mt=6.98
2i: Mt=7.23
2j: Mt=6.81
2k: Mt=7.03
2l: Mt=6.86


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAbility to sit after 1 year
Page in Source 566
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Ability to sit after 1 year as reported in medical file
a: unable to sit despite support
b: sits without kyphosis
c: sits too bent over
d: sits too bent with poor balance
e: sits only with support
f: sits normally
Observed distributionN all:3567, a:92,4%, b:5,1%, c:1,8%, d:0,2%, e:0,3%, f:0,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
a: Mt=7.76
b: Mt=8.04
c: Mt=7.66
d: Mt=6.88
e: Mt=6.66
f: Mt=6.43
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
a: Mt=7.41
b: Mt=7.70
c: Mt=7.14
d: Mt=6.43
e: Mt=6.04
f: Mt=7.14
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
a: Mt=7.03
b: Mt=7.35
c: Mt=6.90
d: Mt=5.63
e: Mt=6.04
f: Mt=7.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first walking with support
Page in Source 482
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of first walking with support as reported in 
medical file
1: within 7 months
2: 7-8 months
3: 9 months
4: 10 months
5: 11 months
6: 12 months
7: cannot after 1 year
Observed distributionN all:3564, 1:0,5%, 2:6,0%, 3:10,2%, 4:18,5%, 5:24,7%, 6:25,7%, 7:14,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=8.89
2: Mt=7.89
3: Mt=7.68
4: Mt=7.80
5: Mt=7.84
6: Mt=7.63
7: Mt=7.59
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.04 p < .0136
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=8.75
2: Mt=7.49
3: Mt=7.26
4: Mt=7.48
5: Mt=7.53
6: Mt=7.29
7: Mt=7.30
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.03 p < .0943
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=8.20
2: Mt=7.20
3: Mt=7.00
4: Mt=7.06
5: Mt=7.13
6: Mt=6.95
7: Mt=6.79
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.05 p < .0026


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first head lifting
Page in Source 466
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of head lifting when lying on the stomach as 
reported in medical file
1: 1-2 weeks
2: 3-4 weeks
3: 5-6 weeks
4: 7-8 weeks
5: 3-4 months
6: 5-6 months
Observed distributionN all:3105, 1:24,2%, 2:37,2%, 3:18,5%, 4:12,2%, 5:7,0%, 6:1,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.71
2: Mt=7.73
3: Mt=7.91
4: Mt=7.73
5: Mt=7.63
6: Mt=8.13
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.01 p < .681
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.34
2: Mt=7.44
3: Mt=7.59
4: Mt=7.39
5: Mt=7.26
6: Mt=7.89
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.01 p < .611
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.98
2: Mt=7.06
3: Mt=7.21
4: Mt=6.88
5: Mt=6.80
6: Mt=7.35
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .522


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first smile
Page in Source 468
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of first smile as reported in medical file
1: 1-2 weeks
2: 3-4 weeks
3: 5-6 weeks
4: 7-8 weeks
5: 3-4 months
6: later than 4 months
Observed distributionN all: 3059, 1:2,3%, 2:18,8%, 3:34,5%, 4:31,8%, 5:11,9%, 6:0,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.78
2: Mt=7.61
3: Mt=7.73
4: Mt=7.79
5: Mt=7.91
6: Mt=8.58
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.04 p < .019
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.46
2: Mt=7.21
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.49
5: Mt=7.59
6: Mt=7.74
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.05 p < .009
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.25
2: Mt=6.86
3: Mt=7.04
4: Mt=7.00
5: Mt=7.15
6: Mt=7.63
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.03 p < .128
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first holding head up
Page in Source 470
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of first holding head up as reported in medical 
file
1: 1-2 weeks
2: 3-4 weeks
3: 5-6 weeks
4: 7-8 weeks
5: 3-4 months
6: later than 4 months
Observed distributionN all:2547, 1:9.7%, 2:61,4%, 3:25,5%, 4:2,9%, 5:0,4%, 6:0,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.43
2: Mt=7.40
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.60
5: Mt=7.25
6: Mt=9.38
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 p < .647
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.05
2: Mt=7.40
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.70
5: Mt=7.50
6: Mt=8.13
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.01 p < .626
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.10
2: Mt=7.04
3: Mt=6.94
4: Mt=7.10
5: Mt=6.75
6: Mt=8.13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .475


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first sitting without support
Page in Source 474
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of first sitting without support as reported in 
medical file
1: 3-4 months
2: 5-6 months
3: 7-8 months
4: 9-10 months
5: 11-12 months
6: cannot in 1 year
Observed distributionN a all:3649, 1:0,9%, 2:18,9%, 3:55,4%, 4:19,8%, 5:4,5%, 6:0,4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
age when the child sits
1: Mt=8.01
2: Mt=7.68
3: Mt=7.78
4: Mt=7.64
5: Mt=7.58
6: Mt=7.91
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 p < .3706
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
age when the child sits
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=7.33
3: Mt=7.44
4: Mt=7.34
5: Mt=7.39
6: Mt=7.29
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.00 p < .9250
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
age when the child sits
1: Mt=7.06
2: Mt=7.01
3: Mt=7.03
4: Mt=7.06
5: Mt=6.90
6: Mt=7.71
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .4997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first crawling without support
Page in Source 476
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of first crawling without support as reported in 
medical file
1: 3-4 months
2: 5-6 months
3: 7-8 months
4: 9-10 months
5: 11-12 months
6: cannot in 1 year
Observed distributionN all:3260, 1:0,1%, 2:1,6%, 3:18,0%, 4:32,9%, 5:25,8%, 6:21,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=8.13
2: Mt=8.03
3: Mt=7.80
4: Mt=7.76
5: Mt=7.86
6: Mt=7.60
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 p < .1262
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=7.50
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.44
5: Mt=7.55
6: Mt=7.33
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.00 p < .8186
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=7.06
3: Mt=7.05
4: Mt=7.04
5: Mt=7.05
6: Mt=7.06
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.02 p < .2916


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first standing without support
Page in Source 480
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of first standing without support as reported in 
medical file
1: within 9 months
2: 9-10 months
3: 11 months
4: 12 months
5: cannot after 1 year
Observed distributionN all:1988, 1:3,3%, 2:23,4%, 3:23,6%, 4:42,5%, 5:7,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=8.23
2: Mt=7.83
3: Mt=7.86
4: Mt=7.75
5: Mt=7.49
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.05 p < .0317
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.93
2: Mt=7.48
3: Mt=7.55
4: Mt=7.36
5: Mt=7.28
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.05 p < .0497
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=7.01
3: Mt=7.15
4: Mt=7.00
5: Mt=6.76
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.04 p < .0700


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first walking without support
Page in Source 484
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of first walking without support as reported in 
medical file
1: within 9 months
2: 9-10 months
3: 11 months
4: 12 months
5: cannot after 1 year
Observed distributionN all:1836, 1:0,2%, 2:4,9%, 3:14,5%, 4:52,8%, 5:27,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=6.66
2: Mt=7.48
3: Mt=7.81
4: Mt=7.83
5: Mt=7.59
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 p < .5764
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=5.84
2: Mt=6.95
3: Mt=7.56
4: Mt=7.48
5: Mt=7.30
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.00 p < .9785
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=5.00
2: Mt=6.55
3: Mt=7.16
4: Mt=7.11
5: Mt=6.79
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.02 p < .4523


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelAge of first tooth
Page in Source 504
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age of  first tooth as reported in medical file
1: within 6 months
2: 6 months
3: 7-8 months
4: 9-10 months
5: 11-12 months
Observed distributionN all:2680, 1:10,9%, 2:13,2%, 3:32,1%, 4:28,2%, 5:15,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.64
2: Mt=7.58
3: Mt=7.83
4: Mt=7.78
5: Mt=7.79
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 p < .1463
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.31
2: Mt=7.28
3: Mt=7.44
4: Mt=7.43
5: Mt=7.59
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.04 p < .0545
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.96
2: Mt=7.00
3: Mt=7.09
4: Mt=7.03
5: Mt=7.00
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.03 p < .8612


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in body
Subject code: B03ab02

StudyMcKinley Runyan (1980): study US 1932
TitleThe Life Satisfaction Chart: Perceptions of the Course of Subjective Experience.
SourceInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1980, Vol. 11, 45 - 64
PublicHighschool pupils, Oakland, USA, 1932, followed from age 12 to 38, 1959
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =91

Correlate
Author's labelEarly versus late maturation
Page in Source 50-53
Our classificationChange in body, code B03ab02
Operationalization
Age at which 90% of mature weight was achieved.
Remarks
Weight was assessed several times between 1934 and 
1959.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-cy-sq-lg-9-aDM=0 ns
No difference in current happiness (T2).

Slight difference in recalled happiness at earlier 
ages.
- early matured females recall teen-age 
  happiness as less happy.
- early matured males recall teen-age as more 
  happy: in particular lower class males.
Set Image size:   

O-HL-cy-sq-lg-9-a
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Menopause
Subject code: B03ab03b

StudyHarkins (1978): study US 1973
TitleEffects of Empty Nest Transition on Self-report of Psychological and Physical Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1978, Vol. 40, 549 -556
PublicEmpty Nest mothers, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =475

Correlate
Author's labelMenopausel phase
Page in Source 552, 553, 554
Our classificationMenopause, code B03ab03b
Operationalization
1: Pre-menopausal
2: Menopausal

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
OBJECTIVE EMPTY NEST STAGE:
Youngest child graduated from high school (N=318)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+2.2 p < .05
Pre-menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+.96 ns
Menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
SUBJECTIVE EMPTY NEST STAGE:
Mothers definition of empty nest (N=315)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+2.2 p < .05
Pre-menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+.96 ns
Menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
IN TRANSITION:
Youngest child graduated 6-18 months ago: N=115 
(vs youngest child still in high school or 
graduated more than 2 years ago: N=203)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+2.2 p < .05
Pre-menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+.91 ns
Menopausal

B's controlled for
- age
- stage of life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current morphological characteristics
Subject code: B03ac

StudyRosmond & Lapidus (1996): study SE Göteborg 1992
TitleMental Distress, Obesity and Body Fat Distribution in Middle-Aged Men.
SourceObesity Research, 1996, Vol.4, 245 - 252
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/j.1550-8528.1996.tb00542.x/pdf
DOIDOI: 10.1002/j.1550-8528.1996.tb00542.x
PublicMiddle-aged men, Sweden, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response20,1 %
Respondents N =1302

Correlate
Author's labelWaist/hip circumference ratio
Page in Source 249, 250
Our classificationCurrent morphological characteristics, code B03ac
Operationalization
Waist/hip circumference ratio (WHR) = waist 
circumference/hip circumference

both self reported. 
Given instructions: measured in standing position in 
the morning, after a 12-hour fast.
Observed distributionMean of WHR = 0,95 cm SD = 0,06

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-ars=-,13 p < .001
Dependent variable:    Waist/hip circumference 
ratio
Independent variable:  degree of life satisfaction
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-ab= p < .002
B controlled for:
- Body Mass Index
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-ab= p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- Smoking
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-ab= p < .003
B additionally controlled for:
-Alcohol
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-ab= p < .013
B controlled for:
- Body Mass Index
- Smoking
- Alcohol


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current morphological characteristics
Subject code: B03ac

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelPhysique
Page in Source 26
Our classificationCurrent morphological characteristics, code B03ac
Operationalization
Ratings of soundness of bodily constitution by a 
visiting doctor and by the lecturer in physical 
excercises and hy- giene.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current morphological characteristics
Subject code: B03ac

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912 /1
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
Public12 aged, male school pupils, London, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =140

Correlate
Author's labelPhysique
Page in Source 27
Our classificationCurrent morphological characteristics, code B03ac
Operationalization
Class-master rating of soundness of bodily constitution 
on a 7-point scale on the basis of observation during 6 
months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdt-ro-7-ar=+.31


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current morphological characteristics
Subject code: B03ac

StudyEstwing-Ferrans & Powers (1992): study US 1987
TitlePsychometric Assessment of the Quality of Life Index.
SourceResearch in Nursing & Health, 1992, Vol. 15, 29 - 38
PublicRenal patients, USA 199?
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response54%
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with yourself in general.
Our classificationCurrent morphological characteristics, code B03ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with yourself in general? Rated 
:very dissatisfied(1) to very satisfied(6)
Remarks
It is not clear if this score is weighted with its 
importance by the individual.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.70


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelheight
Page in Source 50,52
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
Height in centimeters 
Men
1: <164
2: 165-174
3: 175-184
4: 185-194
5: >194

Women:
1: < 155
2: 155-164
3: 165-174
4: 175-184
5: > 184
Observed distributionN men: 1:15, 2:172 3:394, 4:143, 5:9 N: women:1: 17, 2:238, 3:379, 4:85, 5:7
Remarks
Note the difference in scales for men and women

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.06 ns
Women:
1: <155     Mt=7.65
2: 155-164  Mt=7.54 
3: 165-174  Mt=7.76
4: 175-184  Mt=7.83
5: >184     Mt=8.58
All         Mt=7.70
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.06 ns
Men:
1: <164     Mt=7.16
2: 165-174  Mt=7.79
3: 175-184  Mt=7.74
4: 185-194  Mt=7.90
5: >194     Mt=8.89
All         Mt=7.81
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 ns
Women:
1: <155     Mt=7.50
2: 155-164  Mt=7.46
3: 165-174  Mt=7.40 
4: 175-184  Mt=7.41
5: >184     Mt=7.86
All         Mt=7.43
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.02 ns
Men:
1: <164     Mt=7.16
2: 165-174  Mt=7.46
3: 175-184  Mt=7.40 
4: 185-194  Mt=7.46
5: >194     Mt=8.34
All         Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.02 ns
Women:
1: < 155    Mt=6.95
2: 155-164  Mt=6.91
3: 165-174  Mt=6.89
4: 175-184  Mt=7.26
5: > 184    Mt=7.50
All         Mt=6.99
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.07 p < .04
Men:
1: <164     Mt=5.84
2: 165-174  Mt=6.88 
3: 175-184  Mt=6.86
4: 185-194  Mt=7.05
5: >194     Mt=8.05
All         Mt=6.89


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelheight
Page in Source 54,56
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
Height in centimeters 
Men
1: <164
2: 165-174
3: 175-184
4: 185-194
5: >194

Women:
1: < 155
2: 155-164
3: 165-174
4: 175-184
5: > 184
Observed distributionN men all:2111, %:1:0,9, 2:16,5, 3:53,1, 4:27,2, 5:2,2 N women all:2468, %:1:2,6, 2:31,5, 3:53,9, 4:11,5, 5:0,5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.00 ns
men:
1: Mt=7.63
2: Mt=7.80
3: Mt=7.78
4: Mt=7.75
5: Mt=8.09
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.02 ns
women:
1: Mt=7.15
2: Mt=7.70
3: Mt=7.75
4: Mt=7.69
5: Mt=7.91
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.01 ns
men:
1: Mt=7.63
2: Mt=7.31
3: Mt=7.44
4: Mt=7.44
5: Mt=7.88
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 ns
women:
1: Mt=7.04
2: Mt=7.50
3: Mt=7.46
4: Mt=7.31
5: Mt=7.50
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.05 p < .02
men:
1: Mt=6.88
2: Mt=6.80
3: Mt=6.95
4: Mt=7.05
5: Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.02 ns
women:
1: Mt=7.04
2: Mt=7.05
3: Mt=7.08
4: Mt=7.18
5: Mt=7.29


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyOswald & Powdthavee (2007a): study DE 2002
TitleObesity, Unhappiness, and the Challenge of Affluence: Theory and Evidence.
SourceIZA Discussion Paper No. 2007, Bonn, Germany
URLhttp://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/papers/twerp_793.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Germany, 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =24000

Correlate
Author's labelBody Mass Index Variable (BMI)
Page in Source 16
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
BMI is calculated as the weight divided by the height 
squared.
Observed distributionM=25,2 SD=4,3
Remarks
Questions were: How tall are you? How many kilogrammes 
do you currently weigh?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.03 p < .01
B uncontroled
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .01
B (-0,24) controled for:
- gender
- age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .01
B (-015) additionally controled for:
- marital status
- occupation (employed, retired, homemaker, 
student)
- disability 
- looking after home
- homeownership
- household size
- regional dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.01 p < .01
B (-.010) additionally controled for:
- household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyFalco et al. (2012): study GH 2004
TitleHeterogeneity in Subjective Wellbeing. An Application to Occupational Allocation in Africa.
SourcePolicy Research Working Paper 6244, Worldbank, 2012, USA
Public15-60 aged, urban population, Ghana, followed 7 years, 2004-2010
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3216

Correlate
Author's labelHeight (Z-score)
Page in Source 43
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
Self-reported on single question, text not reported.
Remarks
Pooled data T1 to T+4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aOPRC=+.03 ns
OPRC controled for:
- self-employed, with employee
- earnings (log)
- work conditions
  - hours-squared (log)
  - tenure (log)
  - apprentice
- personal characteristics
  - household assets
  - household head
  - married
  - sexe
  - age
  - age-squared
  - education-squared (log)
- situation
  - ethnicity (dummy)
  - city (dummy)
  - year (dummy)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyDanzer & Danzer (2014): study UA 2003 /1
TitleThe Long-Run Consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on Subjective Well-Being, Mental Health and Welfare.
SourceMunich Discussion Paper, 2014, No. 2014-25, Munich, Germany
URLhttp://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20969/
Public15-75 aged, Ukraine, followed 4 years, 2003-2007,
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =7985

Correlate
Author's labelHeight
Page in Source 16,35,36
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
Height in cm.
Observed distributionRange 120-200. M =168

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-rbBeta=+.02 p < .10
Beta controled for 
- personal characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
- socio-economic status
  - education
  - income
  - employement
- physical condition
  - chronic illness
  - drinking
  - smoking
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyDanzer & Danzer (2014): study UA 2003
TitleThe Long-Run Consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on Subjective Well-Being, Mental Health and Welfare.
SourceMunich Discussion Paper, 2014, No. 2014-25, Munich, Germany
URLhttp://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20969/
Public6000+ adults, aged 15 to 75, Ukraine
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =11922

Correlate
Author's labelHeight
Page in Source 16,36
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
Height in cm
Observed distributionM = 167,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.00 p < .10
Beta controled for:
- gender
- married state
- widowed state
- separated state
- chronic disease
- drinker
- smoker
- height
- unemployed
- inactive
- household size
- log income
- years of schooling
- pensioner


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyOswald & Powdthavee (2007a): study GB 2004
TitleObesity, Unhappiness, and the Challenge of Affluence: Theory and Evidence.
SourceIZA Discussion Paper No. 2007, Bonn, Germany
URLhttp://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/papers/twerp_793.pdf
PublicAdults, United Kingdom, 2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelBody Mass Index Variable (BMI)
Page in Source 15
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
BMI is calculated as the weight divided by the height 
squared.
Observed distributionM=25.9 SD=4.7
Remarks
Questions were: How tall are you? How many kilogrammes 
do you weigh?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.009) uncontrolled
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.0009) controled for:
- gender
- age
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.007) additionally controled for: 
- marital status
- occupation (employed, retired, homemaker, 
student)
- disability 
- looking after home
- homeownership
- household size
- education dummies
- regional dummies
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.008) additionally controled for:
- household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyDeaton & Arora (2009): study US 2008
TitleLife at the Top: The Benefit of Height.
SourceEconomics and Human Biology, 2009, Vol. 2, 133- 136
URLhttp://www.nber.org/papers/w15090
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ehb.2009.06.001
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =454065

Correlate
Author's labelheight
Page in Source 2
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
1 above average height
0 below average height
Observed distributionAverage height: Men: 5 feet 10 inches, Women: 5 feet 4 inches.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-eD%=+
MEN
1:above     M = 64,13
0:below     M = 62,25 
- difference    +1,88
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-eD%=+
WOMEN
1:above     M = 58,79
0:below     M = 57,73 
- difference    +1,06

Affect Balance computed by WDH team from table 1.
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=+
MEN   
1:above     M = 6,55 
0:below     M = 6,41
- difference   +0,14
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=+
WOMEN 
1:above     M = 6,64 
0:below     M = 6,55
- difference   +0,09
Set Image size:   

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb=+.02
B(+.0215) controled for gender
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb=+.02
B(+.0252) additionally controled for 
sociodemographics:
- race and ethnicity
- age
- marital status.
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb=+.01
B(+.0058) additionally controled for aducation and 
income.
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb=+.53
B(+.5347) controled for all the above variables 
and log income.
B(+.54) for women (N=164878)
B(+.60) for   men (N=178440)

Each additonal inch of height has the same effect 
on reported life evaluation as a 3.8% increase in 
family income for women and 4.4% increase for men.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelHeight
Page in Source 329
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
Data obtained from hospital records.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=-
Open ward  : r = -.23 (05)
Closed ward: r = +.01 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heigth
Subject code: B03ac01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelLength
Page in Source 180-181
Our classificationHeigth, code B03ac01
Operationalization
4-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG= + p < . 05
Males   : G' = +.11 (05)
Females : G' = +.08 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Strength
Subject code: B03ac02

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelPhysical strength
Page in Source 329
Our classificationStrength, code B03ac02
Operationalization
Rating by staff members on a 7-point scale ranging from 
'physically weak' to 'physically strong'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=- ns
Open ward  : r = -.07 (ns)
Closed ward: r = -.04 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyO'Brien & Webbie (2004): study AU 2001
TitleHealth, Well-Being and Body Weight. Characteristics of Overweight and Obesity in Australia.
SourceAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2004, Bulletin No. 13, Canberra, Australia
URLhttp://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442467582
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =26900

Correlate
Author's labelWeight
Page in Source 3
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
BMI = Body Mass Index. For adults Calculated by 
dividing weight in kilograms by the square of height in 
metres. (KG/M2)
0: Healthy weight (18,5 <= BMI<25)
1: Overweight but not obese (25<=BMI<30)
2: Obese (BMI >= 30)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-cy-sq-v-7-aD%=-
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelBody weight
Page in Source 52
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
1: underweight
2: normal weight
3: little overweight
4: much overweight

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=-.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelbodymass
Page in Source 232, 234
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Bodymass Index (under- and overweight)
1: < 17
2: 17-19
3: 20-22
4: 23-25
5: 26-28
6: 29-31
7: 32-34
8: > 34
Observed distributionN women all:723, 1:4, 2:102, 3:282, 4:178, 5:83, 6:43, 7:15, 8:16 N men all:729, 1:2, 2:24, 3:167, 4:271, 5:190, 6:54, 7:17, 8:4
Remarks
Body Mass Index= weight in kg/ (height*height in 
meters)
Normal range= 20-25 Above 30 you are heavely 
overweighted, under 18 underweighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.02 ns
women             
1: < 17  Mt=7.50  
2: 17-19 Mt=7.80  
3: 20-22 Mt=7.56  
4: 23-25 Mt=7.86  
5: 26-28 Mt=8.14  
6: 29-31 Mt=7.56  
7: 32-34 Mt=6.66  
8: > 34  Mt=7.04  
All      Mt=7.70
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.06 ns
men  
1: < 17  Mt=7.50  
2: 17-19 Mt=6.98  
3: 20-22 Mt=7.60  
4: 23-25 Mt=7.87  
5: 26-28 Mt=8.00  
6: 29-31 Mt=7.96  
7: 32-34 Mt=7.80  
8: > 34  Mt=6.25  
All      Mt=7.81
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.01 ns
women             
1: < 17  Mt=7.50  
2: 17-19 Mt=7.60  
3: 20-22 Mt=7.19  
4: 23-25 Mt=7.64  
5: 26-28 Mt=7.80  
6: 29-31 Mt=7.44  
7: 32-34 Mt=7.33  
8: > 34  Mt=6.73  
All      Mt=7.44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.09 p < .02
men
1: < 17  Mt=6.25  
2: 17-19 Mt=6.66  
3: 20-22 Mt=7.10  
4: 23-25 Mt=7.51  
5: 26-28 Mt=7.78  
6: 29-31 Mt=7.50  
7: 32-34 Mt=7.20  
8: > 34  Mt=6.25 
All      Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.02 ns
women             
1: < 17  Mt=6.25  
2: 17-19 Mt=7.15  
3: 20-22 Mt=6.79  
4: 23-25 Mt=7.06  
5: 26-28 Mt=7.25  
6: 29-31 Mt=7.04  
7: 32-34 Mt=7.00  
8: > 34  Mt=6.88  
All      Mt=6.99
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.06 ns
men
1: < 17  Mt=5.00  
2: 17-19 Mt=6.04  
3: 20-22 Mt=6.74  
4: 23-25 Mt=6.93  
5: 26-28 Mt=7.19  
6: 29-31 Mt=7.00  
7: 32-34 Mt=6.61  
8: > 34  Mt=4.38 
All      Mt=6.90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelChange of weight shortly after birth
Page in Source 490
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Change of weight from day 1 to day 5 as reported in 
medical file
1: under 300 g
2: -300 - -200 g
3: -200 - -100 g
4: -100 - -50 g
5: -50 - 50 g
6: 50 - 100 g
7: 100 - 200 g
8: 200 - 300 g
Observed distributionN all:4272, 1:3,4%, 2:12,3%, 3:28,2%, 4:17,4%, 5:28,7%, 6:6,3%, 7:3,4%, 8:0,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.99
2: Mt=7.76
3: Mt=7.71
4: Mt=7.71
5: Mt=7.76
6: Mt=7.51
7: Mt=7.83
8: Mt=7.50
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 p < .3921
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.58
2: Mt=7.46
3: Mt=7.33
4: Mt=7.49
5: Mt=7.39
6: Mt=7.30
7: Mt=7.68
8: Mt=7.28
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.00 p < .9548
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.26
2: Mt=7.05
3: Mt=6.96
4: Mt=7.03
5: Mt=7.03
6: Mt=6.94
7: Mt=7.18
8: Mt=7.05
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.00 p < .8643


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelWeight at age one
Page in Source 508
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Weight at age one as reported in medical file
1: under 7 kg
2: 7-8 kg
3: 8-9 kg
4: 9-10 kg
5: 10-11 kg
6: 11-12 kg
7: over 12 kg
Observed distributionN all:3606, 1:0,3%, 2:1,7%, 3:10,8%, 4:26,0%, 5:30,9%, 6:17,5%, 7:12,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=8.34
2: Mt=7.79
3: Mt=7.83
4: Mt=7.80
5: Mt=7.79
6: Mt=7.58
7: Mt=7.70
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 p < .0606
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.71
2: Mt=7.65
3: Mt=7.63
4: Mt=7.46
5: Mt=7.45
6: Mt=7.21
7: Mt=7.31
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.05 p < .0037
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
1: Mt=7.09
2: Mt=7.09
3: Mt=7.10
4: Mt=7.09
5: Mt=7.06
6: Mt=6.85
7: Mt=6.96
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.03 p < .0520


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelbodymass index
Page in Source 242,244
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
bodymass index
1: <17
2: 17-19
3: 20-22
4: 23-25
5: 26-28
6: 29-31
7: 32-34
8: >34
Observed distributionN: women All:2446; %:1:0,6; 2:16,4; 3:43,0; 4:22,4; 5:9,7; 6:4,2; 7:2,0; 8:1,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.02 ns
WOMEN:    
1: Mt=6.79    
2: Mt=7.59      
3: Mt=7.80    
4: Mt=7.83    
5: Mt=7.54    
6: Mt=7.68    
7: Mt=7.20    
8: Mt=7.21
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
MEN:    
1: Mt=6.66    
2: Mt=7.34      
3: Mt=7.53    
4: Mt=7.89    
5: Mt=8.00    
6: Mt=8.04    
7: Mt=7.40    
8: Mt=7.23
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
WOMEN:    
1: Mt=6.08    
2: Mt=7.41  
3: Mt=7.49    
4: Mt=7.53    
5: Mt=7.38    
6: Mt=7.38    
7: Mt=7.25    
8: Mt=7.16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
MEN:    
1: Mt=6.66    
2: Mt=6.88      
3: Mt=7.11    
4: Mt=7.54    
5: Mt=7.56    
6: Mt=7.66    
7: Mt=7.14    
8: Mt=6.85
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
WOMEN:    
1: Mt=5.89    
2: Mt=6.99  
3: Mt=7.14    
4: Mt=7.21    
5: Mt=6.95    
6: Mt=6.99    
7: Mt=6.33    
8: Mt=6.81
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
MEN:    
1: Mt=5.00    
2: Mt=6.56      
3: Mt=6.74    
4: Mt=7.08    
5: Mt=7.11    
6: Mt=7.16    
7: Mt=6.98    
8: Mt=6.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelweight
Page in Source 54,56
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
weight in kg
1: < 50
2: 50-59
3: 60-69
4: 70-79
5: 80-89
6: 90-99
7: 100-109
8: > 109
Observed distributionN women: 1:36, 2:241, 3:253, 4:112, 5:48, 6:22, 7:4 8:10 N men: 1:2, 2:14, 3:105, 4:280, 5:199, 6:91, 7:33, 8:6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 ns
Women:    
1: < 50    Mt=8.40
2: 50-59   Mt=7.56
3: 60-69   Mt=7.66
4: 70-79   Mt=7.98
5: 80-89   Mt=7.60 
6: 90-99   Mt=8.06
7: 100-109 Mt=6.88
8: > 109   Mt=7.00
All        Mt=7.71
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.10 p < .01
Men:
1: < 50    Mt=7,50
2: 50-59   Mt=7,14
3: 60-69   Mt=7,40
4: 70-79   Mt=7,80
5: 80-89   Mt=8,03 
6: 90-99   Mt=7,69
7: 100-109 Mt=8,41
8: > 109   Mt=8,75
All        Mt=7,81
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 ns
Women
1: < 50    Mt=8.13
2: 50-59   Mt=7.36 
3: 60-69   Mt=7.25
4: 70-79   Mt=7.81
5: 80-89   Mt=7.66
6: 90-99   Mt=7.50
7: 100-109 Mt=6.88
8: > 109   Mt=6.50
All        Mt=7.44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.09 p < .01
Men
1: < 50    Mt=6.25
2: 50-59   Mt=7.14
3: 60-69   Mt=7.00
4: 70-79   Mt=7.36
5: 80-89   Mt=7.79
6: 90-99   Mt=7.39
7: 100-109 Mt=7.65
8: > 109   Mt=7.91
All        Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.03 ns
Women
1: < 50    Mt=7.43 
2: 50-59   Mt=6.98
3: 60-69   Mt=6.78
4: 70-79   Mt=7.08
5: 80-89   Mt=7.35
6: 90-99   Mt=7.61
7: 100-109 Mt=8.13
8: > 109   Mt=6.50
All        Mt=6.99
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.11 p < .00
Men:
1: < 50    Mt=5.00
2: 50-59   Mt=6.61 
3: 60-69   Mt=6.40
4: 70-79   Mt=6.86
5: 80-89   Mt=7.11
6: 90-99   Mt=7.20
7: 100-109 Mt=7.14
8: > 109   Mt=6.66
All        Mt=6.90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelweight
Page in Source 58,60
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
weight in kg:
women
1: < 50
2: 50-59
3: 60-69
4: 70-79
5: 80-89
6: 90-99
7: 100-109
8: > 109
men: 
1: < 59
2: 60-69
3: 70-79
4: 80-89
5: 90-99
6: 100-109
7: >109
Observed distributionN women all:2455, %:1:5,4, 2:37,1, 3:33,8, 4:14,1, 5:5,7, 6:2,3, 7:1,0, 8:0,6 N men all: 2107, %:1:1,9, 2:14,8, 3:35,4, 4:28,2, 5:12,6, 6:4,0, 7:2,9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.01 ns
women:
1: Mt=7.38
2: Mt=7.70
3: Mt=7.80
4: Mt=7.83
5: Mt=7.61
6: Mt=7.36
7: Mt=7.40
8: Mt=6.61
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.04 ns
men:
1: Mt=7.14
2: Mt=7.53
3: Mt=7.79
4: Mt=7.89
5: Mt=8.00
6: Mt=7.85
7: Mt=7.30
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 ns
women:
1: Mt=7.41
2: Mt=7.41
3: Mt=7.53
4: Mt=7.49
5: Mt=7.36
6: Mt=7.33
7: Mt=7.19
8: Mt=6.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.04 ns
men:
1: Mt=6.71
2: Mt=7.13
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.55
5: Mt=7.54
6: Mt=7.65
7: Mt=6.81
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 ns
women:
1: Mt=6.96
2: Mt=7.05
3: Mt=7.15
4: Mt=7.19
5: Mt=6.91
6: Mt=6.61
7: Mt=6.78
8: Mt=6.61
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.06 p < .00
men:
1: Mt=6.23
2: Mt=6.61
3: Mt=6.99
4: Mt=7.09
5: Mt=7.18
6: Mt=7.26
7: Mt=6.58


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMother's weight gain during pregnancy
Page in Source 232
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Mother's weight gain during pregnancy as reported in 
medical file
1: under 6 kg
2: 6-8 kg
3: 9-10 kg
4: 11-12 kg
5: 13-15 kg
6: over 15 kg
Observed distributionN all:2673, 1:7,8%, 2:15,6%, 3:18,2%, 4:17,5%, 5:21%, 6:19,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.74
2: Mt=7.93
3: Mt=7.69
4: Mt=7.79
5: Mt=7.63
6: Mt=7.71
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 p < .1725
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.58
2: Mt=7.64
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.39
5: Mt=7.31
6: Mt=7.31
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.05 p < .0147
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.04
2: Mt=7.14
3: Mt=6.91
4: Mt=7.06
5: Mt=7.06
6: Mt=7.00
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .4467


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyOswald & Powdthavee (2007a): study DE 2002
TitleObesity, Unhappiness, and the Challenge of Affluence: Theory and Evidence.
SourceIZA Discussion Paper No. 2007, Bonn, Germany
URLhttp://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/papers/twerp_793.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Germany, 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =24000

Correlate
Author's labelBody Mass Index Variable (BMI)
Page in Source 16
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
BMI is calculated as the weight divided by the height 
squared.
Observed distributionM=25,2 SD=4,3
Remarks
Questions were: How tall are you? How many kilogrammes 
do you currently weigh?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.03 p < .01
B uncontroled
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .01
B (-0,24) controled for:
- gender
- age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 p < .01
B (-015) additionally controled for:
- marital status
- occupation (employed, retired, homemaker, 
student)
- disability 
- looking after home
- homeownership
- household size
- regional dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.01 p < .01
B (-.010) additionally controled for:
- household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyDeJonge et al. (2009): study NL 2006
TitleLiving a Happy, Healthy and Satisfying Life.
SourceStatisics Netherlands, 2009, Netherlands
URLHTTP://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/63/3/43705841.pdf
Public12+ aged, The Netherlands, 2006-2009
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23000

Correlate
Author's labelOverweight
Page in Source 2
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
BMI score compoted from self reported weight and lenght
1. Is not overweight
2. Moderately overweight 
3. Obese

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
% happy:
1. 89.5% 
2. 89.0%
3. 85.5%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=1,0 ns
Moderately overweight (vs not overweight)

OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- drinking

After additionally control for:
- age                 OR = 1,1 (ns)
- self rated health   OR = 1,2 (05)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=0,8 p < .05
Obese (vs not overweight)

OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- drinking

After additionally control for:
- age                 OR = 1,0 (ns)
- self rated health   OR = 1,3 (ns)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+/-
1. 88.6%
2. 89.1%
3. 84.1%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dOR=1,0 ns
moderately overweight (vs not overweight)

OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- drinking

After additionally control for:
- age                 OR = 1,2 (05)
- self rated health   OR = 1,2 (05)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dOR=0,7 p < .01
Obese (vs not overweight)
OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- drinking

After additionally control for:
- age                 OR = 0,8 (ns)
- self rated health   OR = 1,1 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyTerBogt et al. (2003): study NL 2001
TitlePsychische Gezondheid, Risicogedrag en Welbevinden van Nederlandse Scholieren. ( Psychlogical Health, Risk Behavior and Well-Being of Dutch Adolescents).
SourceResearch Report Trimbos Institute, University of Utrecht, 2003, Utrecht, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/terbogt_t_2003.pdf
Public11-15 aged schoolchildren, the Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7556

Correlate
Author's labelBody Image
Page in Source 40,46
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Do you think your body is: Much too
thin, A bit too thin, About the right size, A bit too 
fat, Much too fat?
Recoded:
a) Find themselves to much too thin/a bit too thin
b) Find themselves about the right size
c) Find themselves to a bit too fat/much too fat

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=
a) Find themselves to thin              M = 8,0
b) Find themselves about the right size M = 8,4
c) Find themselves to fat               M = 7,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelOverweight
Page in Source 143 + 147
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
1. Overweight:    Body Mass Index =>25
2. Normal weight: Body Mass Index < 25
Error Estimates1: 43,9% 2: 56,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.17 p < .05
Native Dutch (N=697)
Overweight:     Mean 7,47  SE:0,08
Normal weight:  Mean 7,64  SE:0,07
Difference          +0,17
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.25 p < .05
Surinames/Antilleans (N=687)
Overweight:     Mean 7,22  SE:0,08
Normal weight:  Mean 7,47  SE:0,07
Difference          +0,25
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.24 p < .05
Maroccans (N=423)
Overweight:     Mean 7,26  SE:0,11
Normal weight:  Mean 7,50  SE:0,09
Difference          +0,24
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=.00 ns
Turks (N=676)
Overweight:     Mean 7,10  SE:0,08
Normal weight:  Mean 7,10  SE:0,08
Difference          +0,00
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.01 ns
Normal weight (vs. overweight)
Beta controlled for
-gender
-ethnic groups
-education
-age
-smoking
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total outsourcing expenditures
-total household and caretime
-homeownership
-living in urbanm area
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudySondermeyer (1975): study NL 1970
TitleGezondheid en Geluk. (Health Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Report, 1975, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public40-60 aged male employees, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 197?
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelRelative weight
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Weight in kilograms divided by lenght in centimeter x 
100 (Broca-index)
Remarks
Broca <120 is regarded as overweight

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.10 p < . 000
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.10 p < . 000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyOswald & Powdthavee (2007a): study GB 2004
TitleObesity, Unhappiness, and the Challenge of Affluence: Theory and Evidence.
SourceIZA Discussion Paper No. 2007, Bonn, Germany
URLhttp://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/papers/twerp_793.pdf
PublicAdults, United Kingdom, 2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelBody Mass Index Variable (BMI)
Page in Source 15
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
BMI is calculated as the weight divided by the height 
squared.
Observed distributionM=25.9 SD=4.7
Remarks
Questions were: How tall are you? How many kilogrammes 
do you weigh?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.009) uncontrolled
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.0009) controled for:
- gender
- age
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.007) additionally controled for: 
- marital status
- occupation (employed, retired, homemaker, 
student)
- disability 
- looking after home
- homeownership
- household size
- education dummies
- regional dummies
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 p < .01
B (-.008) additionally controled for:
- household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyPinhey et al. (1997): study US Guam 1991
TitleOverweight and Happiness: The Reflected Self-Appraisal Hypothesis Reconstructed.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1997, Vol. 78, 747 - 755.
DOIDOI:9710113640
Public18+ aged, general public, Guam, USA, 1991
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response29,6
Respondents N =398

Correlate
Author's labelOverweight
Page in Source 752
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Quetelet BMI, computed from selfreported weight and 
length.
Remarks
Body Mass Index (BMI) is the ratio of weight to height 
squared (kg/cm2*10^4)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ab=-.28 p < .05
B controled for
- ethnicity
- age
- sexe
- education
- income
- employement
- marital status
- parenthood

Effect more negative among
- Asians
- Filipino's
then among
- Chamorro's
- Micronesians


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelWeight
Page in Source 329
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Data obtained from hospital records.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=- ns
Open ward  : r = -.09 (ns)
Closed ward: r = -.13 (ns)
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=+
Open ward  : r = +.04 (ns)
Closed ward: r = +.30 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelOverweight
Page in Source 183
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Weight relative to lenght:
1 Underweight 
2 Average 
3 Overweight

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Weight
Subject code: B03ac03

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelBody Mass Index
Page in Source 47
Our classificationWeight, code B03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreported weight and length.
Weight indicated by Body Mass index:
3 - %Normal (BMI<25)
2 - %Overweight (BMI>=25)
1 - %Obese (BMI>=30)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=.01 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B=+.00
Nonworkers: B=+.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Body Maass Index (BMI)
Subject code: B03ac04

StudyClark & Etile (2009): study DE 2002
TitleHappy House: spousal Weight and individual Well-being.
SourceWorking Paper no. 2010-07, Paris School of Economics, 2010, Paris, France.
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2011.07.010
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2011.07.010
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002,2004,2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =19899

Correlate
Author's labelOwn body weight
Page in Source 11,12,21
Our classificationBody Maass Index (BMI), code B03ac04
Operationalization
Body Mass Index:
0 Underweight BMI<18.5 
1 Healthy weight 18.530

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-nt-11-aDM=-
Highest life satisfaction:
- Women: around BMI=20.
- Men:   around BMI=25.

Under and above these values life satisfaction 
drops.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Body Maass Index (BMI)
Subject code: B03ac04

StudyVanBeuningen & Moonen (2013a): study NL 2007
TitleGezondheid Belangrijker voor Geluk dan Leefstijl. (Health More Important for Happiness then Lifestyle.)
SourceBevolkingstrends, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), April 2013, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/F9E3C2DC-BB64-4DD5-AA51-2AA359F34AF6/0/20130401bb15art.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2007,2008,2009
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =27358

Correlate
Author's labelBMI
Page in Source 4,8
Our classificationBody Maass Index (BMI), code B03ac04
Operationalization
BMI: (0 to maximum)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-d
males   r = +.02
females r = -.04
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-d
18 to 25 years:    r =  0,00
25 to 45 years:    r = -0,01
45 to 65 years:    r =  0,01
65 years or older: r =  0,03
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dOR=1,00
sexe or = 1,18 p< .01
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dOR=1,01
age 18-25 vs. 65 plus or = 0,70 p<.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Body Maass Index (BMI)
Subject code: B03ac04

StudyRosmond & Lapidus (1996): study SE Göteborg 1992
TitleMental Distress, Obesity and Body Fat Distribution in Middle-Aged Men.
SourceObesity Research, 1996, Vol.4, 245 - 252
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/j.1550-8528.1996.tb00542.x/pdf
DOIDOI: 10.1002/j.1550-8528.1996.tb00542.x
PublicMiddle-aged men, Sweden, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response20,1 %
Respondents N =1302

Correlate
Author's labelbody mass index
Page in Source 249
Our classificationBody Maass Index (BMI), code B03ac04
Operationalization
BMI = weight/height2
Both self reported
Observed distributionMean of BMI = 25,6 kg/m2 SD = 3,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-ars=-,07 p < .021
Dependent variable:    the body mass index
Independent variable:  degree of life satisfaction
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-ab= ns
B controlled for:
- Waist/hip circumference ratio (WHR)


P-value unaffected by additional controls for: 
- smoking
- alcohol


Correlational finding on Happiness and Body Maass Index (BMI)
Subject code: B03ac04

StudyBlanchflower et al. (2013): study GB Wales 2007
TitleIs Psychological Well-Being Linked to the Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 114, 785 - 801
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0173-y
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0173-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Wales, UK, 2007-2010
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =49972

Correlate
Author's labelBMI
Page in Source Table 6
Our classificationBody Maass Index (BMI), code B03ac04
Operationalization
Selfreport on height and weight.
Remarks
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated as weight (kg) 
divided by squared height (m2)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.00 p < .01
B (-.0022) controlled for:
-Consumption of fruit and vegetables
-Demographic characteristics
 -age
 -gender
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -education
 -occupation
 -household location
-Health
 -disability
 -exercise
 -smoking


Correlational finding on Happiness and Body Maass Index (BMI)
Subject code: B03ac04

StudyLiu et al. (2015a): study GB 1996
TitleDoes Happiness Itself directly affect Mortality? The prospective UK Million Women Study.
SourceThe Lancet, 2015
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/287372772_Does_happiness_itself_directly_affect_mortality_The_prospective_UK_Million_Women_Study
DOIdoi: 10.1016/50140-6736(15)01222-2
PublicFemale, aged 50-69, United Kingdom, 1996-2001
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1300000

Correlate
Author's labelBody mass index
Page in Source 2
Our classificationBody Maass Index (BMI), code B03ac04
Operationalization
BMI:
a: <25 (desirable) (reference)
b: 25-29.9 (overweight)
c: >=30 (obese)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-u-sq-v-4-dOR=0/- p < .01
Overweight (vs.desirable): OR= 1.0 
CI99[1.032-1.059] 
Obese (vs.desirable):      OR= 0.9 
CI99[0.929-0.965] 

OR controlled for various factors (not reported)
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current physical states
Subject code: B03ae

StudyVanBeuningen & Moonen (2013a): study NL 2007
TitleGezondheid Belangrijker voor Geluk dan Leefstijl. (Health More Important for Happiness then Lifestyle.)
SourceBevolkingstrends, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), April 2013, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/F9E3C2DC-BB64-4DD5-AA51-2AA359F34AF6/0/20130401bb15art.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2007,2008,2009
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =27358

Correlate
Author's labelNorm for sufficient exercise
Page in Source 2,4,8
Our classificationCurrent physical states, code B03ae
Operationalization
Physical exercise is measured with the Short 
Questionaire to Assess Health enhancing physical 
activity (SQUASH). People 18 years or older who comply 
with the norm complete for a minimum of 5 days at least 
30 minutes moderate-intensive physical activities. For 
55 plus same norms are valid but with a lower 
intensity.
Norm for sufficient exercise:
0: not
1: yes
Remarks
Different values for male and female.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-d
males   r = +.04
females r = +.06
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-d
18 to 25 years:    r =  0,02
25 to 45 years:    r =  0,01
45 to 65 years:    r =  0,05
65 years or older: r =  0,11
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dOR=1,34 p < .01
sexe or = 1,17 p<.05
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dOR=1,49 p < .01
age 18-25 vs. 65 plus or = 0,62 p<.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current physical states
Subject code: B03ae

StudyRahe et al. (1976): study US 1971
TitleSerum Uric Acids, Cholesterol and Psychological Moods throughout Stressfull Naval Training.
SourceNaval Health Research Center, Report nr. 76-18, 1976, San Diego, California, USA
PublicNavy recruits, followed 4 weeks, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =117

Correlate
Author's labelSerum uric acid level
Page in Source 886
Our classificationCurrent physical states, code B03ae
Operationalization
Serum uric acid (SUA) levels in blood samples drawn 
over 4 weeks of military training for underwater 
demolition at:
0. start
1. first week
2. second week
3. third week
4. fourth week

for 3 groups:
a. Passed training test
b. Failed training test
c. Control

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-m-mqr-v-3-ar=
Group  Week of training
       0     1     2     3     4
a    -.34  -.50  -.43  -.23  -.18
b    +.23  +.35  +.16  +.26  +.37
c    +.14  +.00  -.19  -.03  +.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current physical states
Subject code: B03ae

StudyRahe et al. (1971): study US 1969
TitlePsychologic Correlates of Serum Cholesterol in Man: A Longitudinal Study.
SourcePsychosomatic Medicine, 1971, Vol. 33, 399 - 410
PublicMilitary trainees, followed 2 month, Navy, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-ResponseThe non-response during the 16 measurements varied from 4 to0 per Ss.
Respondents N =20

Correlate
Author's labelSerum cholesterol level
Page in Source 403
Our classificationCurrent physical states, code B03ae
Operationalization
Determination in laboratory, utilizing 
the Clark et al. (1968) method

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-m-mqr-v-3-amr=-.28 ns
Both happiness and serum cholesterol level were 
assessed 15 times over a period of two months.
During the two months of extensive training r 
ranged from -.70 (01) at the first measurement 
before the training started, to +.01 (ns). 
15 out of the 16 measurements demonstrated 
negative correlations (mean r = -.28 (ns).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelchildlesness
Page in Source 312,314
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you have children ?"
different answercategories converted to:
1. Without children
  a. first pregnant
  b. chosen not to have children
  c. involuntary childless
2. Has children
Observed distributionN women: all: 778, 1(all):237, 1a:9, 1b:12, 1c:20, 2:500 N men: all:759, 1(all):259, 1a:11, 1b:11, 1c:11, 2:467

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
women:       
 1:  Mt=7.71
 1a: Mt=8.61  
 1b: Mt=7.50  
 1c: Mt=7.00  
 2:  Mt=7.71
All  Mt=7.70
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
men:       
 1:  Mt=7.73
 1a: Mt=7.50  
 1b: Mt=8.19  
 1c: Mt=6.36  
 2:  Mt=7.86
All  Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
women:          
 1:  Mt=7.29  
 1a: Mt=8.89  
 1b: Mt=7.29  
 1c: Mt=7.13  
 2:  Mt=7.50
All  Mt=7.44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
men:       
 1:  Mt=7.20
 1a: Mt=7.73  
 1b: Mt=7.28  
 1c: Mt=6.59  
 2:  Mt=7.55
All  Mt=7.41
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
women:          
 1:  Mt=7.11  
 1a: Mt=9.45  
 1b: Mt=6.46  
 1c: Mt=7.00  
 2:  Mt=7.50
All  Mt=7.00
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
men:       
 1:  Mt=6.65
 1a: Mt=7.73  
 1b: Mt=6.14  
 1c: Mt=7.05  
 2:  Mt=7.03
All  Mt=6.90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelPregnancy and birth
Page in Source 80
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
Mother's health situation during pregnancy. Report in 
medical file
1: very poor
2: poor
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN all:4355, 1:2,4%, 2:12,0% 3:26,6% 4:34,6% 5:24,4%
Remarks
overview of e.g. preeclampsia, mother's medication 
during pregnancy, smoking habits, birth complications, 
caesarean section

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
 1: Mt=7.60
 2: Mt=7.80
 3: Mt=7.66
 4: Mt=7.75
 5: Mt=7.73
All Mt=7.73
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.00 p < .81
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
 1: Mt=7.33
 2: Mt=7.46
 3: Mt=7.39
 4: Mt=7.39
 5: Mt=7.40
All Mt=7.40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.00 p < .90
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
 1: Mt=6.79
 2: Mt=7.00
 3: Mt=7.03
 4: Mt=7.06
 5: Mt=6.96
All Mt=7.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.00 p < .92


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelchildlessness
Page in Source 330,332
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
childlesness
1: all with children
2: first pregnancies(for men: Partner's..)
3: all without children
3a: have chosen not to have children
3b: involuntary childless
Observed distributionN WOMEN All:2714; %:1:75,1; 2:1,7; 3:24,7; 3a:2,2; 3b:5,5 N MEN All:

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
WOMEN:        MEN:
1:  Mt=7.73   1: Mt=7.93
2:  Mt=8.58   2: Mt=8.83
3:  Mt=7.69   3: Mt=7.54
3a: Mt=7.91   3a:Ms=6.63
3b: Mt=7.86   3b:Ms=7.98
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
WOMEN:        MEN:
1:  Mt=7.51   1: Mt=7.54
2:  Mt=8.34   2: Mt=8.64
3:  Mt=7.28   3: Mt=7.15
3a: Mt=7.73   3a:Ms=6.63
3b: Mt=7.69   3b:Ms=7.55
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
WOMEN:        MEN:
1:  Mt=7.18   1: Mt=7.15
2:  Mt=8.58   2: Mt=8.43
3:  Mt=6.81   3: Mt=6.65
3a: Mt=7.14   3a:Ms=6.39
3b: Mt=7.01   3b:Ms=7.16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment
Page in Source 25
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
0 employed(reference group)
1 a self-employed
  b unemployed
  c some work
  d non-working
  e maternity leave
  f military service
  g in education
  h retired

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.26 p < .01
a: Self-employed
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.10
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-1.0 p < .01
b: Unemployed
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.67
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.24 p < .01
c: Some work
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.12
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.12 p < .01
d: Non-working
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.08
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.14 p < .01
e: Maternity leave 
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.36 p < .01
f: Military service
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.46
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.00 ns
g: In education
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.00
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.09 p < .01
h: Retired
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.01

B's controled for:
- age
- education
- household income
- position in the household
- country of origin
- time (dummy for wave of panel)
and additionally for:
- trait-happiness (average over all 14 waves)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyVeenhoven (1974): study NL 1968
TitleIs There an Innate Need for Children?
SourceEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, 1974, Vol. 14, 495 - 501
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/16121
Public25 - 65 aged marrieds, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34%, 23% unattainable, 10% non-response
Respondents N =1376

Correlate
Author's labelBeing pregnant
Page in Source 500
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
0 Non-pregnant 
1 Pregnant (N = 22)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=-.28 p < . 05
Computed for females only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelBeing pregnant
Page in Source 27
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
Non-pregnant vs pregnant females (N = 22)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=-.28 p < .05
Computed for females only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2004
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant and nonpregnant women, Granada, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =397

Correlate
Author's labelPregnancy
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:

Are you pregnant at this moment?
1: No (or unknown)
2: Yes
Observed distribution1: 50,63% 2: 49,37%
Remarks
201 nonpregnant women 18-65 yr (M= 34,12, SD= 13,62), 
already mothers (50,2%) or not (49,8%)

196 pregnant women 18-43 yr (M= 29,84, SD= 6,46), 
already mothers (39.3%) or first child (60,7%).1st 
trimester: 34,7%, 2nd trimester: 41,8%, 3rd trimester: 
23% (unknown: 0,5%)
Wanted (planned or unplanned) pregnancy: 80,1%; 
Unwanted (planned or unplanned) pregnancy: 18,9% (N= 
37) (unknown: 1%)
Healthy pregnancy: 93,4%; Risky pregnancy: 5,6% 
(unknown: 1%)
Pregnancy complaints: No disconfort during pregnancy: 
31,6%; low to moderate disconfort: 49,5%; high, 
recurrent or severe disconfort: 16,8% (unknown: 2%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bDM=+ ns
Non-pregnant: M = 7,31  SD= 1,90
Pregnant :    M = 7,48  SD= 1,70
difference       +0,17
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bd=.10
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cDM=+ ns
Non-pregnant: M = 7,51  SD= 1,49
Pregnantn:    M = 7,71  SD= 1,41
difference       +0,20
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cd=.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyJames & Hughes (1982): study GB 1977
TitlePsychological Well-Being as an Outcome Variable in the Treatment of Infertility by Clomiphine.
SourceBritish Journal of Medical Psychology, 1982, Vol. 55, 357 -377
PublicFemale fertility patients, Great Britain, 1977-80
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27

Correlate
Author's labelsuccess of fertility treatment
Page in Source 376
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
Successfull fertility treatment
1: positive: got pregnant
0: negative: did not get pregnant
Observed distributionN= a: 18, b:9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-cy-sq-?-7-aDM=+
treatment succesfull:    M = 5.7
treatment unsuccessfull: M = 4.0
- difference                +1.7
Set Image size:   

A-BK-cy-mq-v-5-aDM=+
treatment succesfull:   M = 2,11 SD = 0,52
treatment unsuccesfull: M = 1,43 SD = 1,73
- difference               +0,68


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pregnant
Subject code: B03ae02

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelMenstruation
Page in Source 63-64
Our classificationPregnant, code B03ae02
Operationalization
Comparison of mean daily ratings on hedonic level with 
daily ratings prior to and during menstruation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-bSNR= - p < . 05
Of the 19 women reporting menstrual periods, 14 
had an 'average' hedonic level lower than their 
general mean during the two days prior to men- 
struation (05) and 8 of the 19 reached their most 
depressed periods of the entire 6-week study or 
these two days. 
Eleven women also showed a lower 'average' hedonic 
level on the day the menstrual period commenced.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of pregnancy
Subject code: B03ae02a

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelStage of gestation
Our classificationStage of pregnancy, code B03ae02a
Operationalization
"Indicate month of gestation:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9"

Recoded as:
1: first trimester of gestation
2: second trimester of gestation
3: third trimester of gestation
Observed distribution1: 34,7% 2: 41,8% 3: 23%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .NS
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cAoV= p < .NS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Quality of pregnancy (mother or child at risk)
Subject code: B03ae02b

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPregnancy not at risk
Our classificationQuality of pregnancy (mother or child at risk), code B03ae02b
Operationalization
Tick the option best fitting your condition:
1: Pregnancy at risk
2: Pregnancy not at risk
Observed distribution 1: 5,6% 2: 93,4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bDM=+ ns
not at risk M= 7,53 SD= 1,62
at risk     M= 7,36 SD= 2,06
Difference:   +0,17
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cDM=+ ns
not at risk M= 7,73 SD= 1,43
at risk     M= 7,45 SD= 1,13
Difference:   +0,28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Blood-pressure
Subject code: B03ae03

StudySondermeyer (1975): study NL 1970
TitleGezondheid en Geluk. (Health Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Report, 1975, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public40-60 aged male employees, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 197?
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelBlood pressure
Our classificationBlood-pressure, code B03ae03
Operationalization
2-item index containing systolic and diastolic 
measurement

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=-.02 ns
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=-.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Blood-pressure
Subject code: B03ae03

StudyGoldberg et al. (1980): study US Maryland 1971
TitlePsychosocial Factors and Blood Pressure.
SourcePsychological Medicine, 1980, Vol. 10, 243 - 255
Public18+ aged, general public, county, Maryland, USA 1971-1974
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelBlood pressure
Page in Source 249
Our classificationBlood-pressure, code B03ae03
Operationalization
Average of 2 blood pressure measurement using merely 
manometers while the subject was seated
The lowest systolic and diastolic(phase5)pressure were 
recorded.
Remarks
Only Ss not in treatment for high bloodpressure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.00 p < .98
females
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.03 p < .64
males
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-ar=+.04 p < .41
females
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-ar=-.03 p < .59
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tension
Subject code: B03ae04

StudyWashburn et al. (1925): study US 1923
TitleFurther experiments on directed recall as a test of cheerful and depressed temperaments.
SourceAmerican Journal of Psychology, 1925, Vol. 36, 454 - 456
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/1414172.pdf
PublicFemale students, cheerful and depressed, USA, 192?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelGalvanic skin response
Page in Source 455
Our classificationTension, code B03ae04
Operationalization
Average deviation on a galavanometer in an experimental 
situation.
Ss were instructed to recall pleasant or unpleasant 
associations in connect- ion with verbal stimuli. For 
each set of stimulus words the average deflect- ion was 
used: less than 5° / 5° - 10° / more than 10° 
deflection.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-*-v-4-aG=+.51 p < . 05
About half the sample was used here. 
For the cheerful Ss 93 average were obtained, and 
for the depressed Ss 72 averages.


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-eSelfreport on 7 questions:

Did you experience the following feeling during A LOT OF THE DAY yesterday?
A enjoyment
B physical pain
C sadness
D worry
E stress
F anger
G happiness

Rated: : 0: no 1: yes

Computation:
- Average % positive affect = (A+G)/2
- Average % negative affect = (B+C+D+E+F)/5
- Affect Balance = Average % positive affect - Average % negative affect

These questions do not measure hedonic level of affect of individual persons adequately, since yesterday's mood does not always correspond with typical average mood. Yet these questions can be used for measuring hedonic level in agregates, such as nations, since individual variations balance out in big samples.
A-AOL-g-*-v-4-aSelfreport + 3 peer ratings, on same single question:

A. Selfreport: Each subject was asked to judge herself using one of four terms. (Precise lead item not reported)

B. Peer ratings: The judgments of three friends were obtained using the terms.

Response options:
4 steadily cheerful
3 variable tending to cheerfulness
2 variable tending to depression
1 steadily depressed

Summation: a + b/2
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-bSelfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)

"On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
Definitely 'blue'
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
A-ASA-m-mqr-v-3-aSelfreport on 7 questions, repeated 15 times during 2 month (experience sampling)

Below is a list of words describing moods and feelings. Indicate how each of these words applies to how you feel now.
A Contented
B Calm
C Happy
D Pleased
E Satisfied
F Cheerful
G Good

Rating options (same for all items):
1 not at all
2 somewhat or slightly
3 mostly or generally


Summation: average over 2 months.

Name: Happiness subscale of Ryman et al (1974) Mood Questionnaire (MQ)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few months, have you ever felt.....
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G Depressed or very unhappy?
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
3 often
2 sometimes
1 never

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -15 to +12
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BK-cy-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 48 questions:

SENTENCES
Each of the sentences below describes a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks.
A Nothing goes right with me
B I feel close to people around me
C I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D I feel my life is on the right track
E I feel loved and trusted
F My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G I don't like myself
H I feel very tense
I I feel life isn't worth living
J I am content with myself
K My past life is filled with failure
L Everything I do seems worthwhile
M I an't be bothered doing anything
N I feel I can do whatever I want to
O I have lost interest in other people and don't care about
them
P Everything is going right for me
Q I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
people
R I'm easy going
S I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be
T I wish I could change some parts of my life
U I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V The future looks good
W I become very lonely
X I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y I feel out of place
Z I think clearly and creatively
AA I feel alone
AB I feel free and easy
AC I smile and laugh a lot
AD I feel things are going my way
AE The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG I feel like hiding away
AH I feel confident about decisions I make
AI I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ I feel other people like me
AK I feel like a failure
AL I feel I'm a complete person
AM I'm not sure I'm done the right thing
AN My future looks good
AO I'm making the most out of my life
AP Everything is going right for me
AQ I feel unimportant
AR I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

ADJECTIVES
Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks;
A Confident
B Hopeless
C Pleasant
D Insignificant
E Discontented
F Healthy
G Dejected
H Annoyed
I Down
J Glad
K Glowing
L Relaxed
M Comfortable
N Moody
O Understood
P Blue
Q Miserable
R Joyful
S Tense
T Insecure
U Shaky
V Satisfied
W Safe
X Successful
Y Free
Z Sad
AA Good-natured
AB Impatient
AC Rejected
AD Lively
AE Frustrated
AF Fearful
AG Lonely
AH Warm
AI Contented
AJ Good
AK Secure
AL Disappointed
AM Understanding
AN Depressed
AO Low
AP Calm
AQ Unhappy
AR Upset
AS Empty
AT Enthusiastic
AU Happy
AV Vibrant

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 occasionally
2 some of the time
3 often
4 all of the time

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range - 4 to +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last 12 months
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-aRating by two independent staff members who were familiar with the patient.
7 happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 depressed
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-aPeer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
A-CP-g-rdt-ro-7-aTeacher rating on single question:

1 Personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule.
2. In the columns under each pupil's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

"Are you generally satisfied? "
2 yes
1 no
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How much of the time during the past 4 weeks have you felt happy?
5 all the time
4 most of the time
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
- don't remember

Part of 9 item ODIN Affect Balance Scale (A-AB/cm/mq/v/5/..)
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
M-TH-u-sq-v-4-dSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel happy?
4 most of the time
3 usually
2 sometimes
1 rarely/never
O-DT-cy-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole, taking into account what has happened in the last year and what you expect to happen in the future
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole...?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-cy-sq-?-7-aSelfreport on single question

.. overall happiness during last 12 months..(full question not reported)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Scale labels not reported
O-HL-cy-sq-lg-9-aSelfreport on life graph

'We would like for you to think over your life and then rate each year as to whether it was a high or a low point in your life, i.e., your overall feeling, not necessarily financial success or health, etc, but generally speaking a feeling of wellbeing, however determined.
9 | high
|
8 |
|
7 |
|
6 |
|
5 |
|
4 |
|
3 |
|
2 |
|
1 | low
|______________________________________________
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

The last score represents present happiness
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you think of yourself as a happy person?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
- don't know
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question

Taking everything together, how happy are you with the way things are going in your life now?
6 completely satisfied
5 pretty much satisfied
4 slightly satisfied
3 slightly dissatisfied
2 pretty much dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLS-g-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Are vyou in general satisfied with your present life situation?
1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-nt-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now?
0 very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

Combined with score on the same question rated on scale 1-10
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: how satisfied are you with your life in general at the present time.....?
1 not satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
4 very satisfied
5 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-rbSelfreport on single question

To what extent are you satisfied with your life in general these days?
5 fully satisfied
4 rather satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 fully dissatisfied
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
4 somewhat satisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rSelf report on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
dCohen's COEFFICIENT FOR GROUP DIFFERENCES. Also called EFFECT SIZE
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlate : dichotomous, Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited.

Meaning: effect size indicator for difference of means.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
SNRStatistic Not Reported


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
B03BODYA07APPEARANCE (good looks)
B03BODYP06ab02Self-perceived health
B03abPhysical developmentA04AGE
B03ab01Earlier body characteristicsP06aa01Earlier physical health
B03ab03Current stage of physical maturationA04aa02Stage of life
B03acCurrent morphological characteristicsA07abCurrent appearance
B03ac03WeightM04ab01baweight of spouse
B03ac04Body Maass Index (BMI)P06ab03Symptoms of bad health
B03ae01MenstruatingB03ab03Current stage of physical maturation
B03ae02PregnantC03aa02bBirth of children
B03ae02bQuality of pregnancy (mother or child at risk)P06ad14aPregnancy complications (o10-29)
B03ae03Blood-pressureP06ab03Symptoms of bad health
B03ae04TensionP04dcTense

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings