Findings on Happiness and ANOMY

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and ANOMY
Subject Code: A06

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
A06ANOMY0
A06aaAnomia career16
A06aa01Earlier anomy0
A06aa02Change in anomy0
A06aa03Later anomy0
A06abCurrent anomy17
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and ANOMY
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=A06
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.05 p < .05
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.08 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.04 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 99/103
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.10 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.12 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.08 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.07 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.04 p < .05
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.04 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.03 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 737/41
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.35 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.33 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.21 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.23 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 215/9
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.36 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.32 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.23 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.20 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=_.28 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.30 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.21 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.19 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.39 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.38 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.27 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.26 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.21 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=-.28 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abtb=-.18 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.14 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 563/7
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.20 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.24 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.15 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.12 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelDissatisfaction with society
Page in Source 350
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
5-item additive index concerning dissatisfaction with 
society:
1. There are so many different opinions
   about good and evil that one 
   becomes confused about it.
2. The problem of our world is that
   most people don't believe in
   anything.
3. As things are to day, it is
   irreponsable to bring children into
   this world.
4. If it realily matters few people
   care about one.
5. What we are lacking in this world is
   life-long friendship.
Rated on a 4-point scale.
Assessed at T2(1976) and T3(1977).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.22 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.18 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.22 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.29 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 dissatisfaction.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study PH 1979 /1
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Phillippines, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 447/51
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.09 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.06 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.06 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.04 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study GB 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =987

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 621/5
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.00 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.08 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.00 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.05 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 21
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
13-item index of statements rated on 5-point 
agree-disagree scales, measur- ing anomy and alienation 
(modified Srole - Cristie scale; see Srole et al., 
1962).
Typical items are:' the average man is probably better 
off to-day than he ever was', 'most people don't really 
care what happens to the next person', and
'if you try hard enough you can usually get what you 
want'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=-.32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study US 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1127

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 679/83
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
Single direct question: "How much emptiness, lack of 
meaning or vanity do you feel in this world?"
1. not feel it at all
2. not much feel it
3. neither feel nor opposite
4. fairly fewel it
5. very much feel it

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.08 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.10 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.06 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=-.07 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

StudyCohen et al. (1982): study US 1979
TitleCommunity Stressors, Mediating Conditions and Well-Being in Urban Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1982, Vol. 10, 377 - 391.
DOIdoi: 10.1002/1520-6629(198210)10:4<377::AID-JCOP2290100408>3.0.CO;2-T
Public18-55 aged, general public, New York City, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =602

Correlate
Author's labelAnomia
Page in Source 384
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
8-item index of questions on locus of control, 
pessimism and distrust:
1: it is hard to figure out who you can    really trust 
these days.
2: the life of teh average person in
   this neighborhood is getting worse.
3: making it is more dependent on luck
   than real ability.
4: these days a person doesn't know he
   can count on.
5: there are so many ideas about what
   is right or wrong these days that
   it is hard to figure out how to
   live your life.
6: too many people in this neighborhood
   are just out for themselves and
   don't really care for anyone else.
7: many people in this neighborhood are
   lonely and unrelated to other human
   beings.
8: it is almost impossible for one
   person to really understand the 
   feelings of another.
Responses rated on a 4-point scale 
ranging from "strongly disagree" (1)
to "strongly agree" (0).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-ar=-.32 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Anomia career
Subject code: A06aa

StudySigelman (1981): study US 1974
TitleIs Ignorance Bliss? A Reconsideration of the Folk Wisdom.
SourceHuman Relations, 1981, Vol. 34, 965 - 974
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-76
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2650

Correlate
Author's labelAnomia
Page in Source 971
Our classificationAnomia career, code A06aa
Operationalization
The Srole (1956) anomia scale, defined as the number of 
"agree" responses to nine items which tap feelings of 
rootlessness or normlessness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=<.40 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyOgris (1994): study AT 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Austria 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelanomy
Page in Source E
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
3 questions
1 Today everthing is in a mess, I do not know where I 
stand
2 These days things are so difficult, I do not know 
what is happening
3 These days everything changes so fast, I often do not 
know what I should do                                   
   Each rated on a 7-scale:
totally disagree.......totally agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.18
Question 1.....everything is in a mess
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.18
question 1
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.21
question1
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.17
question 2...things so difficult
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.17
question2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.18
question 2
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.15
question 3......changes so fast
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.16
question 3
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.23
question3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1992
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1992
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1553

Correlate
Author's labelAnomy
Page in Source 13
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.34
ß controled for sex, age, education, work status 
and home ownership.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with feeling part of community
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your feeling part of 
community?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.07 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=+.33 p < .05
Beta' s controlled for:
satisfaction with:
-friendships            (+.25)
-romantic relationships (+.18)

(34% of variance explained)
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=+.12 p < .05
Beta' s additionaly controlled for:
satisfaction with:
-health          (+.24)
-recreation      (+.11)
-future security (+.20)

(48% of variance explained)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with society
Page in Source 358
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with society at large?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1363, 1:15, 2:69, 3:392, 4:716, 5:171

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.31 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.66
 2: Mt=6.34
 3: Mt=7.14
 4: Mt=8.08
 5: Mt=8.81
All Mt=7.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.34 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.00
 2: Mt=5.90
 3: Mt=6.71
 4: Mt=7.75
 5: Mt=8.59
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.30 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.50
 2: Mt=5.84
 3: Mt=6.39
 4: Mt=7.21
 5: Mt=7.95
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with society
Page in Source 360
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you at present with society at 
large?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: all:1457, 1:39, 2:176, 3:452, 4:676, 5:114

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.35
 2: Mt=7.08
 3: Mt=7.51
 4: Mt=8.04
 5: Mt=8.98
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.28 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.15
 2: Mt=6.63
 3: Mt=7.13
 4: Mt=7.76
 5: Mt=8.70
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.15
 2: Mt=6.23
 3: Mt=6.64
 4: Mt=7.21
 5: Mt=8.14
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling an outsider
Page in Source 4, 70-72,75
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
I feel like an outsider (or left out of things)
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 5,8 Belgium = 7,9 Canada = 8,9 Czech Republic = 9,7 Denmark = 5,3 Finland = 5,5 France = 7,7 Germany = 6,1 Greece = 6,3 Hungary = 9,3 Ireland = 5,6 Italy = 4,9 Netherlands = 3,9 Norway = 5,6 Poland = 8,2 Portugal = 6,4 Spain = 3,3 Sweden = 5,2 Switzerland = 7,1 United Kingdom 6,8 United States = NA . Average of OECD countries: 6,4 %, SD = 1,7 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 2,3 Latvia = 5,2 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation = 6,1 Slovenia = NA
Remarks
source: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.44 p < .05
% happy in nation by % feeling an outsider


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling awkward and out of place
Page in Source 70, 72, 73
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
I feel awkward and out of place
- disagree
- agree
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 8,2, Belgium = 15,6, Canada = 10,5 Czech Republic = 6,4 Denmark = 11,8 Finland = 8,4 France = 12,3 Germany = 11,4 Greece = 8,3 Hungary = 7,6 Ireland = 7,8 Italy = 6,2 Netherlands = 6,9 Norway = 9,1 Poland = 9,9 Portugal = 11,7 Spain = 8,9 Sweden = 4,9 Switzerland = 11,7 United Kingdom 8,7 United States = NA Average of OECD countries: 6,4 %, SD = 1,7 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 3,6 Latvia = 9,6 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation 14,3 Slovenia NA
Remarks
Data: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.10 ns
% happy in nation by %feeling awkward


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyOgris (1994): study SI 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Slovenia, 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelAnomie
Page in Source 4
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
 3 questions
 1.Today everything in a mess, I do not 
   know where I stand
 2.These days things are so difficult,
   I do not know, what is happening
 3.These days everything changes so 
   fast, I often do not know what I
   should do
 Each rated on a 7-scale:
 totally disagree...... totally agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.15
 question 1...everything is in a mess......
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.19
 question 1
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.15
 question 1
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.18
 question 2...things are so difficult.......
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.19
 question 2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.18
 question 2
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.22
 question 3 ...changes so fast......
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.22
question 3
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.2
 question 3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelAnomie Scale
Page in Source 132
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
3-item index
1. Most public officials are not really interested in 
the problems of the average person
2. The lot of the average person is getting worse not 
better
3. It is not fair to bring children into the world with 
the way things look for the future
Responses scored yes (1) or no (0)
Observed distributionM = 1.2 SD = 1.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=-.18 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=-.16 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Integration
Page in Source 132
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements: You think/believe/feel
a) you do not belong to a community (-)
b) you are  an important part of your community (+) 
c) people in your community listen to you (+)
d) close to other people in your community (+)
e) your community as a source of comfort (+)
f) your community does  not  take you seriously (-)
g) other people value you as a person
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 33.0 SD = 6.4
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from 1.0 to 1.3 Validity Coefficients ranging from .46 to .66 Alpha Reliability .81

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.32 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.31 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Contribution
Page in Source 132
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements: You think/believe/feel
a) Your behavior has impact on others (+)
b) You have something valuable to give to the world (+)
c) Your daily activities do not produce anything 
worthwhile for your community (-)
d) You don't have time or energy to give anything to 
your community (-)
e) Your work provides an important product for society 
(+)
f) You have nothing important to contribute to society 
(-)
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 30.3 SD = 5.2
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from .86 to 1.2 validity coefficient ranging from .49 to .65 Alpha Reliability .75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.27 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.20 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Coherence
Page in Source 138
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements:
a) The world is too complex for you (-)
b) Only scientists understand how the world works (-)
c) You cannot make sense of what's going on in the 
world (-)
d) Most cultures are so strange that you cannot 
understand them (-)
e) It is worthwhile to understand the world you live in 
(+)
f) It is hard to predict what will happen next in 
society (-)
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 28.3 SD = 6.4
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from .92 to 1.3 Validity Coefficients ranging from .43 to .55 Alpha Reliability .77

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.20 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.16 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Actualization
Page in Source 132
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements:
a) Society has stopped making progress (-)
b) Society is not improving for people like you (-)
c) Social institutions (e.g. government & law) do not 
make your life better (-)
d) Society is continually evolving (+)
e) Society is a productive place for people to live in 
(+)
f) There is no social progress (-)
g) The world is becoming a better place for everyone 
(+)
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.Strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 32.1 SD = 5.7
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from 0.54 to 1.0 Validity coefficient for the scoring ranged from 0.46 to 0.62 Alpha reliabiliy 0 .69

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.26 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.16 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Acceptance
Page in Source 138
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements: You think/believe/feel
a) Other people are unreliable (-)
b) People are kind (+)
c) People are selfcentered (-)
d) People are not trustworthy (-)
e) People only live for themselves (-)
f) People are more and more dishonest (-)
g) People care about each-other's problems (+)
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly  2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 28.3 SD = 6.4
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from 0.62 to 1.1 Validity Coefficient ranging from 0.51 to 0.68 Alpha Reliability 0.77

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.21 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.14 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyBorgatta et al. (1982): study US 1978 /1
TitleAlcohol Use and Abuse, Life Crisis Events, and the Elderly.
SourceResearch on Aging, 1982, Vol. 4, 378 - 408
URLhttp://roa.sagepub.com/content/4/3/378
DOIDOI: 10.1177/0164027582004003007
Public18+aged general public, USA 1978-80
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2994

Correlate
Author's labelAnomia (FAIRHELP)
Page in Source 402
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Questions that people are fai, helpful and can be 
trusted, Texts not reported.
Remarks
Measures NON-anomy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.21
ALL
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.09
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.21
65- aged
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.10
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.17
45+ aged
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+0.6
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.19
65+ aged
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.04
Beta's controled for:
- age
- sexe
- education
- church attendance
- race
- satisfaction with family
- satisfaction with health
- life crisis events
- income
- belief that people are fair and helpful
- smoking
- urbanity

Correlations reported with Unhappiness, sign 
changed by WDH-team


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with standards and values of society
Page in Source 113
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the standards 
and value of today's society?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.20
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomy
Subject code: A06ab

StudyDobson (1985): study US 1964
TitleAttitudes and Perceptions.
SourcePowers, E.A.;et al,;Eds.: "Late Life Transitions", Kluwer, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 123 - 136
Public50+ aged males, fulltime employed at T1, followed ten years, Iowa, USA, 1964-74
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponseT1 refusals: 8% T1-T2 drop-out: 29%, of which 20% deceased
Respondents N =1870

Correlate
Author's labelAnomie
Page in Source 135
Our classificationCurrent anomy, code A06ab
Operationalization
5 item index concerning sense of belonging to others 
and society.
(Srole 1956)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.25 p < .001
T1
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.23 p < .001
T2


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How well do you feel these days? Is your current well-being....?
0 very low
1
2
3
4 very high
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 13 questions:

"During the past month, did you ever feel.....?"

A. Exited or pleased about something you were doing
B. That important things in life are going your way
C. Happy, satisfied, or pleased with your personal life.
D. Exited or pleased with something you did or a problem you
solved
E. That you have a lot of friends you can count on
F. Nervous or tense
G. So restless and irritated you couldn't sit still
H. Down-hearted or depressed
I. Felt concerned or worried about your health
J. Guilty about something you shouldn't have done
K. Unable to get a good night's sleep
L. That your mind was not working the way it should
M. Miserable or discouraged about your future

Answer options:
1 none of the time
2
3
4 most of the time

Summation:
Positive Affect Scale (PAS):A+B+C+D+E
Negative Affect Scale (NAS):F+G+H+I+J+K+L+M
Affect Balance Scale (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -32 to + 20

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variation by Cohen)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel things have worked out for you generally?
4 very well
3 fairly well
2 not very well
1 not at all well
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole now, are you.....?
5 very happy
4 quite happy
3 more happy than unhappy
2 more unhappy than happy
1 quite unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

How happy do you feel as you live now? Please choose one item on this card that comes closest to your feeling.
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your present life.......?
Please choose from this card that is closest to your feeling.
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 fairly dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abOverall, how satisfied are you with your present life.......?
Please choose from this card that is closest to your feeling.
5 very satisfied
4 quite happy
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 frustrated
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to pretend for a moment that their life would end next week end then indicate how happy they felt about the life they been able to live. (Full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bSelfreport on single question:

"How dissatisfied would you say you are with things in general today?'
Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....?
5 extremely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question

'….satisfied with global life right now….'
(full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bSelfreport on five questions:

A I am very content with my life
B Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not meeting my aspirations*
D I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1 strongly disagree
.
.
7 strongly agree
* reversed keyed item

Name: Contentment with life assesment Scale (CLASS)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 « no rank correlation
tb = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
A06ANOMYV02ab01eAcceptance cheating on taxes
A06aa01Earlier anomyP01ab30Earlier trusting
A06aa03Later anomyP05ab11Later trusting

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings