Findings on Happiness and AGE

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and AGE
Subject Code: A04

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
A04AGE0
A04aaAge career0
A04aa02Stage of life20
A04aa02aTimeliness of life-stage transition2
A04abCurrent age (in years)516
A04ab01Young versus old25
A04ab02Age-difference among youngsters19
A04ab03Age-differences among elders51
A04aeAttitudes to one's age0
A04ae01Attitudes to own age2
A04ae01aSubjective age (how old one feels)2
A04ae01bAge identification2
A04ae01cSatisfaction with age4
A04ae01dAttitude to aging (getting older)5
A04ae02Own attitude to older people1
A04aa01Ageing7
A04acTime trend of happiness in age categories3
A04adGeneration2
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and AGE
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=A04
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Ageing
Subject code: A04aa01

StudyEhrhardt et al. (2000): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleStability of Life-Satisfaction over Time. Analysis of Change in Ranks in National Population.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2000, Vol. 1, 177 - 205
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8851
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1010084410679
Public18+ aged general public West-Germany, followed 10 years, 1984-1994
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5483

Correlate
Author's labelOvertime correlations of life-satisfaction total sample
Our classificationAgeing, code A04aa01
Operationalization
Mean and standard deviation. Happiness assessed at
T1 = 1984
T2 = 1985
T3 = 1986
T4 = 1987
T5 = 1988
T6 = 1989
T7 = 1990

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=7.54
interval T1-T2 Mean  = 7.54 SD = 2.06
interval T2-T3 Mean  = 7.33 SD = 2.01
interval T3-T4 Mean  = 7.33 SD = 1.90
interval T4-T5 Mean  = 7.18 SD = 1.89
interval T5-T6 Mean  = 7.11 SD = 1.89
interval T6-T7 Mean  = 7.10 SD = 1.90
T7             Mean  = 7.24 SD = 1.79


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ageing
Subject code: A04aa01

StudyWunder et al. (2009): study DE 1986
TitleWell-Being over the Life Span: Semiparametric Evidence from British and German Longitudinal Data.
SourceSOEP paper, No 179, 2009, Berlin, Grmany
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwwpp/dp889.html
Public15+ aged general public, Germany, 1986-2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =33451

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationAgeing, code A04aa01
Operationalization
Age in years.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
The smooth functions in Figure show common 
three-phase pattern (observed, solid line). 

In Germany individuals suffer a decrease of about 
0,7 points on 11-point scale between 18 and 52. 
Between 53 and 65 it goes up 0,3 points and 
between 66 and 80 it goes down again with 0,5 
points.

In Britain it goes down 0,4 points on a 7-points 
scale between 18 and 48. Between 49 and 70 it goes 
up 0,7 points and between 71 and 80 it goes down 
again 0,1 points.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Ageing
Subject code: A04aa01

StudyVanSluijs (2004): study NL 1987
TitleEffecten van Levenslooptransities op de Tevredenheid van Jong Volwassenen. (Effects of Lifecourse Transition on Satisfaction of Adolescents).
SourceMaster thesis, University Tilburg, 2004, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vansluijs_J_2004.pdf
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 30, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36,6% (baseline)
Respondents N =836

Correlate
Author's labelGot older
Page in Source 66, 67, 72, 73
Our classificationAgeing, code A04aa01
Operationalization
Growing older, from age 18 to 34
Remarks
Happiness assessed at:
T1: 1987 when aged 18 to 20
T3: 1991 when aged 22 to 30
T4: 1995 when aged 26 to 34
T5: 1999 when aged 30 to 34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=
B's denote CHANGE in happiness following CHANGE in 
age in individuals (fixed effects)
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=+.06 p < .001
Interpretation: most Ss got a bit happier between 
age 18 and 34
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=+.01 ns
B controlled for private life course transitions:
- leaving parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.01 ns
B controlled for public life course transitions:
- first paid job
- no job
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.04 ns
additional control for years since transition:
- first paid job
- no job
- leaving parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.08 p < .05
additional control for years since transition 
squared:
- first paid job
- no job
- leaving parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child

Interpretation: Ss who did not experience life 
transitions over this period became less happy
Unaffected by squaring the above years of 
transition variables

Unaffected by gender

B's indicate change within individuals over this 
12 year period (fixed effect)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ageing
Subject code: A04aa01

StudyAndersson (2008): study SE 1991
TitleHappiness and Health: Well-Being among the Self-Employed.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 37, 213 - 236
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2007.03.003
Public18+aged, working people, Sweden, followed 9 years, 1991-2000
SampleSelection from probability samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 221,227,233
Our classificationAgeing, code A04aa01
Operationalization
1:1991
2:2000
Remarks
Change happiness access waves.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-eD%=+ p < .01
SELF-EMPLOYED (N=356)
-1991:      64.4%
-2000:      70.5%
difference  +6.1%
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-er=+.07 ns
N=356
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-eD%=- ns
WAGE-EARNERS   (N=640)
-1991:      61.4%
-2000:      59.1%
difference  -2.3%
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-er=-.02 ns
N=640
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-eLRCD=-.07 ns
ALL (N=1998)
LRCD not controled.
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-eLRCD=-.07 p < .01
LRCD controled for:
-age
-gender
-place of birth
-education
-marital status
-place of residence 
-having children at home
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-eb=-.04 p < .05
b controled for:
-age
-gender
-place of birth
-education
-marital status
-place of residence 
-having children at home


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ageing
Subject code: A04aa01

StudyWunder et al. (2009): study GB 1996
TitleWell-Being over the Life Span: Semiparametric Evidence from British and German Longitudinal Data.
SourceSOEP paper, No 179, 2009, Berlin, Grmany
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwwpp/dp889.html
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, followed 10 years, 1996-2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23785

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationAgeing, code A04aa01
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=
The smooth functions in Figure show common 
three-phase pattern (observed, solid line). 

In Germany individuals suffer a decrease of about 
0,7 points on 11-point scale between 18 and 52. 
Between 53 and 65 it goes up 0,3 points and 
between 66 and 80 it goes down again with 0,5 
points.

In Britain it goes down 0,4 points on a 7-points 
scale between 18 and 48. Between 49 and 70 it goes 
up 0,7 points and between 71 and 80 it goes down 
again 0,1 points.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Ageing
Subject code: A04aa01

StudyBinder & Coad (2013): study GB 1996 /1
TitleLife Satisfaction and Self-employment: A Matching Approach.
SourceSmall Business Economist, 2013, Vol. 40, 1009 - 1033
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11187-011-9413-9#page-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11187-011-9413-9
PublicWorking age people, UK, followed 10 years 1996-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =49018

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1018,1022
Our classificationAgeing, code A04aa01
Operationalization
Age in years.
Remarks
Lag of change not reported, probably T to T+1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-er=+.10 p < .001
CURRENT age by CURRENT hapiness
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eOPRC=+.00 p < .001
OPRC controled for
- employment status
- marital status
- health status
- sexe
- income
- education
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb-fix=-.02 ns
CURRENT age by CHANGE in happiness
b-fix controled for CURRENT 
- employment status
- marital status
- health status
- sexe
- income
- education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ageing
Subject code: A04aa01

StudyMartin & Lichter (1983): study US Michigan 1973
TitleGeographic Mobility and Satisfaction with Life and Work.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 64, 524 - 534
Public16+ aged, employees, Michigan/US, followed 4 years, 1973-1977
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response(43%)
Respondents N =827

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 529, 531
Our classificationAgeing, code A04aa01
Operationalization
T1 age in years
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1973) and T2 (1977)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-7-dBeta=+.09 p < .01
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1 age (T2 happiness 
by T1 age, controlling for T1 happiness).

Beta addtionally controlled for:
- T1-T2 residential moving
- T1 income
- T1 education
- T1-T2 change in intrinsic job rewards
- T1-T2 change in extrinsic job rewards


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyKohler et al. (2005): study DK 2002
TitlePartner + Children = Happiness? The Effects of Partnerships and Fertility on Well-Being.
SourcePopulation and Development Review, 2005, Vol. 31, 407 - 445
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2005.00078.x
Public20-70 aged identical twins, Denmark, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =3226

Correlate
Author's labelAge group
Page in Source 414
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
1 Age 25-45
2 Age 50-70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gDM=+
ALL
- age 25-45   M = 1.45    SD = 0.59
- age 50-70   M = 1.48    SD = 0.56
difference      + 0.03

MALES
- age 25-45   M = 1.46    SD = 0.59
- age 50-70   M = 1.51    SD = 0.55
difference      + 0.05

FEMALES
- age 25-45   M = 1.45    SD = 0.59
- age 50-70   M = 1.49    SD = 0.57
difference      + 0.04

4-step lifesatisfaction reduced to 3-step by 
combining scores 1+2

Means and differences are calculated by WDH team


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyKolstad (1996): study NO 1990
TitleSatisfaction in Norway.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", E÷tv÷s University Press,1996, Hungary, 133 - 144
Public17+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =995

Correlate
Author's labelLife stage
Page in Source 141
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
A Living alone,        age <35  
B Couple no children   age <35
C Single with children age <35 
D Family with children 
E Couple no children   age >35
F Single no children   age >35
G Single with children age >35
Remarks
Used as dummy variable

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.19 p < .05
Beta controlled for
- occupation

Adjusted deviations from grand means of 
satisfaction with life in general dependent on 
interaction life stage and occupational groups:
A Living alone, age <35        -.14
B Couple no children age <35   +.16
C Single with children age <35 -.05
D Family with children         +.08
E Couple no children age >35   -.02
F Single no children age >35   -.32
G Single with children age >35 -.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyMoller (1996): study ZA 1992
TitleIntergenerational Relations and the Time Use in Urban Black South African Households.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1996, Vol. 37, 303 - 332
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286236
PublicUrban blacks in 3-generation households, South Africa, 1992
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =900

Correlate
Author's labelStage of life
Page in Source 315
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
a: high school child
b: parents
c: grandparents

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gD%=
High school child     64%
Parents               48%
Grandparents          47%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyWunder et al. (2009): study GB 1996
TitleWell-Being over the Life Span: Semiparametric Evidence from British and German Longitudinal Data.
SourceSOEP paper, No 179, 2009, Berlin, Grmany
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwwpp/dp889.html
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, followed 10 years, 1996-2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23785

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=
The smooth functions in Figure show common 
three-phase pattern (observed, solid line). 

In Germany individuals suffer a decrease of about 
0,7 points on 11-point scale between 18 and 52. 
Between 53 and 65 it goes up 0,3 points and 
between 66 and 80 it goes down again with 0,5 
points.

In Britain it goes down 0,4 points on a 7-points 
scale between 18 and 48. Between 49 and 70 it goes 
up 0,7 points and between 71 and 80 it goes down 
again 0,1 points.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyTaylor (2008): study US 2005
TitleRepublicans: Still Happy Campers.
SourcePEW Research Center, 2008, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/taylor_p_2008.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5264

Correlate
Author's labelAge over 64
Page in Source 3,4
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
1. over 64
0. under 64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.10 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- income
- party identification
- married
- education
- age under 30
- race
- ethnicity
- gender
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.11 p < .05
Additionally controlled for
- health
- church attendance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyTaylor (2008): study US 2005
TitleRepublicans: Still Happy Campers.
SourcePEW Research Center, 2008, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/taylor_p_2008.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5264

Correlate
Author's labelAge under 30
Page in Source 3,4
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
1. under 30
0. over 30

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.07
Beta controlled for:
- income
- party identification
- married
- age over 64
- education
- race
- ethnicity
- gender
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.04
additionally controlled for
- health
- church attendance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyEasterlin (2001): study US 1994
TitleIncome and Happiness: Towards a Unified Theory.
SourceThe Economic Journal, 2001, Vol. 111, 465 - 484
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2667943
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2627

Correlate
Author's labelLife cycle
Page in Source 469
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
Age category

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM= ns
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=ns
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyEasterlin (2001): study US 1994
TitleIncome and Happiness: Towards a Unified Theory.
SourceThe Economic Journal, 2001, Vol. 111, 465 - 484
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2667943
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2627

Correlate
Author's labelLevel of Education
Page in Source 475
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
a at least highschool education
b not finished highschool

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=ns
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyRyff (1989): study US 1984
TitleHappiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
PublicAdults, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1077
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
a young adults
b middle-aged
c elderly
Observed distributiona: young adult (mean age=19.53, SD=1.57, N=133) b: middle aged (mean age=49.85, SD=9.35, N=108) c: elderly (mean age=74.96, SD=7.11, N=80)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aF=18.9 p < .001
   Women               Men
a  M = 6.82 SD = 1.81  M = 7.04 SD = 1.62
b  M = 7.69 SD = 1.85  M = 8.04 SD = 1.87
c  M = 8.21 SD = 1.89  M = 8.72 SD = 1.47
Set Image size:   

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.24 p < .01
Beta controlled for;
- gender
- educational level
- marital status
- self-rated health 
- self-perceived financial situation
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aR▓=+.12 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyLehman et al. (1992): study US 1983
TitleQuality of Life Experiences of the Chronically Mentally Ill.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1992, Vol. 15, 7 - 12
DOIdoi:10.1016/0149-7189(92)90055-Y
PublicMental Patients, United States, 1986
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response7
Respondents N =99

Correlate
Author's labelDecade
Page in Source 9
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
1: 15-25 
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aDM=2.99 p < .05
              Males  Females  difference
age 15-25 M = 4,55   4,40     +0,15
age 26-35 M = 4,38   4,80     -0,42
age 36-45 M = 4,47   3,76     +0,71
age 46-55 M = 4,35   4,62     -0,27
age 56-65 M = 4,51   4,92     -0,41
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyFaver (1982): study US 1977
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Life-Cycle: The Effects of Values and Roles on Women's Well-Being.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1982, Vol. 66, 435 - 452
Public22-64 aged women, USA, 1977
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1120

Correlate
Author's labelAge group
Page in Source 439,442,444
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
Age cohorts:
1) 22-34
2) 35-44
3) 45-64
Observed distributionN:= 1:380, 2:367, 3:373

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34 M = 4,05 SD = 0,19  
Age group 45-64 M = 4,16 SD = 0,21  
Difference         -0,09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyFaver (1982): study US 1977
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Life-Cycle: The Effects of Values and Roles on Women's Well-Being.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1982, Vol. 66, 435 - 452
Public22-64 aged women, USA, 1977
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1120

Correlate
Author's labelLife cycle group
Page in Source 438,439,442-444
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
For age cohort 22-34:
a) Single childless women 
b) Married childless women
c) Married mothers of preschool children
d) Married mothers of elementary school children
e) Single mothers

For age cohort 45-64
f) Married mothers of children and adolescents
g) Married mothers of adult children
h) Single mothers of children and adolescents
i) Single mothers of adult children 
j) Childless women
Observed distributionAge group 22-34 :Total N=380 a) N= 91(23,95%) b) N=67(17,89 %), c) N=132 (34,74 %), d) N=56(14,47%), e) N=34 (8,95 %) Age group 45-64: Total N=373 f) =128 (34,32%), g) N=154 (41,28%), h) N= 28 (7,51 %), i) N= 45 (12,06%), j) N=18 (4,83%)
Remarks
N of subgroups is estimated from %.
Age cohort 35-44 is not included in further analysis of 
life cycle groups

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
Age cohort 22-34:
a Single childless                 M=3,92 N=89
b Married childless                M=4,39 N=66
c Married preschool child          M=3,89 N=131
d Married basic school child       M=4,22 N=54
e Single mothers                   M=4,06 N=33
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=3,20 p < .01
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
Age cohort 45-64
f) Married children/adolescents   M=4,25 N=124
g) Married adult children         M=4,30 N=150
h) Single children/adolescents    M=3,68 N= 28
i) Single adult children          M=3,86 N= 44
j) Childless women                M=3,88 N= 17
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=3,36 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyHarkins (1978): study US 1973
TitleEffects of Empty Nest Transition on Self-report of Psychological and Physical Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1978, Vol. 40, 549 -556
PublicEmpty Nest mothers, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =475

Correlate
Author's label Empty Nest
Page in Source 552, 553, 554
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
A: Objective: schoolstage youngest child 
   1: Pre-empty nest: still in high school
   2: Empty nest in transition: graduated 6-18 months 
ago
   3: Post-empty nest: graduated more than 2 years ago

B: Subjective: mothers definition of empty nest as 
youngest child
   1: graduated from high school
   2: going away to school
   3: having first job
   4: moving out
   5: gets married
   6: gets children
Observed distributionN: A:1+ 3:=203, 2=115; B:1=4, 2=130, 3=3, 4=124, 5=54, 6=0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+.52 ns
A: Objective empty nest stage
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+1.8 p < .05
B: Subjective empty nest stage
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=-2.8 p < .05
A-B difference: empty nest in objective sense, but 
not in subjective definition of mother
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=-1.5 p < .05
In transition: A2 (vs A1 and A3)

B's controlled for:
- age
- menopausel phase


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyHarkins (1978): study US 1973
TitleEffects of Empty Nest Transition on Self-report of Psychological and Physical Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1978, Vol. 40, 549 -556
PublicEmpty Nest mothers, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =475

Correlate
Author's labelMenopausel phase
Page in Source 552, 553, 554
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
1: Pre-menopausal
2: Menopausal

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
OBJECTIVE EMPTY NEST STAGE:
Youngest child graduated from high school (N=318)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+2.2 p < .05
Pre-menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+.96 ns
Menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
SUBJECTIVE EMPTY NEST STAGE:
Mothers definition of empty nest (N=315)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+2.2 p < .05
Pre-menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+.96 ns
Menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
IN TRANSITION:
Youngest child graduated 6-18 months ago: N=115 
(vs youngest child still in high school or 
graduated more than 2 years ago: N=203)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+2.2 p < .05
Pre-menopausal
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab=+.91 ns
Menopausal

B's controlled for
- age
- stage of life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelFamily life cycle
Page in Source 331
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
a. Unmarried, under forty-five years of age, no 
children at home
b. Married, under forty-five years of age, no children 
at home
c. Married, any age, youngest child under five years of 
age
d. Married, any age, youngest child five-fourteen years 
old
e. Married, any age, youngest child fifteen-seventeen 
years old
f. Married, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
g. Unmarried, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
h. Unmarried, any age, children of any age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=-
a. M=1.1   Mt'=6.1         
b. M=2.0   Mt'=7.0
c. M=1.9   Mt'=6.9
d. M=1.9   Mt'=6.9
e. M=2.1   Mt'=7.1
f. M=1.7   Mt'=6.7
g. M=1.1   Mt'=6.1
h. M=0.1   Mt'=5.1
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+
a. M=3.1   Mt'=5.2
b. M=3.4   Mt'=6.0
c. M=3.3   Mt'=5.8
d. M=3.3   Mt'=5.8
e. M=3.4   Mt'=6.0
f. M=3.4   Mt'=6.0
g. M=2.9   Mt'=4.8
h. M=2.8   Mt'=4.5
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aDM=▒
a.  M=3.0   Mt'=5.0
b.  M=3.2   Mt'=5.5
c.  M=3.2   Mt'=5.5
d.  M=3.2   Mt'=5.5
e.  M=3.5   Mt'=6.3
f.  M=3.3   Mt'=5.8
g.  M=3.0   Mt'=5.0
h.  M=2.7   Mt'=4.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=-
a. M=5.1    Mt'=6.8
b. M=5.5    Mt'=7.5
c.  M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
d.  M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
e.  M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
f.  M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
g.  M=5.3   Mt'=7.2
h.  M=4.9   Mt'=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bDM=+
a. M=5.2   Mt'=7.0
b. M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
c. M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
d. M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
e. M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
f. M=5.6   Mt'=7.7
g. M=5.2   Mt'=7.0
h. M=5.1   Mt'=6.8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelFamily life cycle
Page in Source 139
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
a  Unmarried, under forty-five years of age, no 
children at home
b  Married, under forty-five years of age, no children 
at home
c   Married, any age, youngest child under five years 
of age
d  Married, any age, youngest child five-fourteen years 
old
e  Married, any age, youngest child fifteen-seventeen 
years old
f   Married, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
g  Unmarried, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
h  Unmarried, of any age, children of any age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE▓=+.20
a      M=5.2   Mt'=7.0
b      M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
c      M=5.7   Mt'=7.8
d      M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
e      M=5.5   Mt'=7.5
f      M=5.5   Mt'=7.5

g      M=5.3   Mt'=7.2
h      M=5.1   Mt'=6.8
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.19
▀ controlled for sociodemographic variables:
- family life-cycle
- age
- family income
- eduaction
- race
- sexe
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.13
▀ additionmally controlled for: 
- Efficacy
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- House/apartment
- Spare-time activities
- National government
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyChiriboga (1982a): study US 1969
TitleConsistency in Adult Functioning. The Influence of Stress.
SourceAgeing and Society, 1982, Vol. 2, 7 - 29
PublicPeople in transition followed 11 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier stage of life
Page in Source 23
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
1: high school seniors (facing work,
   marriage)
2: newly married (facing parenthood)
3: middle aged (facing empty nest)
4: pre-retired (facing retirement)

Stage of life 11 years ago (T1 1969)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr= ns
T1 stage of life by T5 happiness (11 year 
interval)
Males:   r= +.05  (ns)
Females: r= -.10  (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyFiske & Chiriboga (1985): study US 1969
TitleThe Interweaving of Societal and Personal Change in Adulthood.
SourceMunnichs, J.M.;et al;Eds.: "Life-Span and Change in a Gerontal Perspective", Academic Press, 1985, New York, USA, 177 - 209
PublicPeople in transition, followed 5 years,USA, 1969-1974
Sample
Non-ResponseSample attrition: 12,5%
Respondents N =189

Correlate
Author's labelStage of life
Page in Source 193
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
Lifestage at T1: young vs old
Young:
- high school seniors facing marriage
- newly weds facing parenthood
Old:
- middle aged parents facing empty nest
- elderly couples facing retirement
Remarks
MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMs'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- all             M=1.75   M=1.73    - .02  + .10
FEMALES                         
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
ALL             M=1.67   M=1.68    + .01  - .05

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
low stress      M=1.92   M=1.67    - .25  +1.25
high stress     M=1.68   M=1.90    +. 22  -1.10
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- low stress
- high stress

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
early           M=2.06   M=1.65    - .43  +2.15
on time         M=1.62   M=1.78    + .16  - .80
late            M=1.65   M=1.77    + .12  - .60
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- early
- on time
- late

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
T1 all          M=1.91   M=1.81    - .10  + .50
T2 all          M=1.63   M=1.63       0      0
T3 all          M=1.70   M=1.73    + .03  - .15
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= p < .05
T1 all          M=1.65   M=1.82    + .17  .85
T2 all          M=1.59   M=1.77    + .18  - .90
T3 all          M=1.78   M=1.45    - .33  +1.65

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= p < .05
T1 low stress   M=2.58   M=1.71    - .87  +4.35
T1 high stress  M=1.64   M=2.10    + .46  -2.30
T2 low stress   M=1.50   M=1.58    + .03  - .15
T2 high stress  M=1.68   M=1.80    + .12  - .60
T3 low stress   M=1.67   M=1.71    + .04  - .20 
T3 high stress  M=1.71   M=1.80    + .09  - .45
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- T1 low stress                     
- T1 high stress    
- T2 low stress                     
- T2 high stress   
- T3 low stress                     
- T3 high stress   

MALES             YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= ns
T1 early        M=2.82   M=1.82    -1.00  +5.00
T1 on time      M=1.57   M=1.86    + .71  +3.55
T1 late         M=1.61   M=1.70    + .09  - .45
T2 early        M=1.82   M=1.53    - .29  +1.45
T2 on time      M=1.57   M=1.78    + .21  -1.05
T2 late         M=1.56   M=1.60    + .04  - .20
T3 early        M=1.54   M=1.59    +. 05  - .20
T3 on time      M=1.71   M=1.71       0      0
T3 late         M=1.78   M=2.00    + .22  -1.10
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
T1 early                              
T1 on time       
T1 late                             
T2 early         
T2 on time                         
T2 late         
T3 early                            
T3 on time      
T3 late                                

Mean happiness scores over 5 years (average T1, 
T2, T3) and at T1, T2 and T3 separately, rated on 
a 3-point scale : 1:very happy, 2: pretty happy, 
3:not too happy

Blank coloms/rows indicate insignificant 
difference.

Stress measured by repeated negative events in the 
past year.

Timeliness of transition was measured by the time 
at which the transitions,the Ss faced at T1, had 
really occurred.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelStage of life
Page in Source 87
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
Four groups facing major life-change: 
a: high school seniors (facing work, marriage)
b: newly-married (facing parenthood)
c: middle aged (facing empty nest) 
d: preretired (facing retirement)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dDMs=
a: hs seniors  males: Ms'= 5.3  females: Ms'= 5.3
b: newly weds  males: Ms'= 5.9  females: Ms'= 6.1
c: middle aged males: Ms'= 5.7  females: Ms'= 5.9
d: preretired  males: Ms'= 6.0  females: Ms'= 6.2
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aDMs=
a: hs seniors  males: Ms'= 6.2  females: Ms'= 7.1
b: newly weds  males: Ms'= 8.0  females: Ms'= 7.8
c: middle aged males: Ms'= 7.5  females: Ms'= 7.0
d: preretired  males: Ms'= 7.9  females: Ms'= 7.6
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=
% very happy:                        
a: hs seniors  males: = 25%  females: = 26 %
b: newly weds  males: = 48%  females: = 52 %
c: middle aged males: = 37%  females: = 33 %
d: preretired  males: = 52%  females: = 37 %
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dDMt=+
youngest(a+b) males Mt'= 5.6  females Mt'= 5.7
oldest  (c+d) males Mt'= 5.9  females Mt'= 6.1
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=
youngest (a+b) males = 37%   females = 39%
oldest   (c+d) males = 45%   females = 35%
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=+.00 ns
women only
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=+.01 ns
men only 
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aDMt=
youngest(a+b) males Mt'= 7.1  females Mt'= 7.5
oldest  (c+d) males Mt'= 7.7  females Mt'= 7.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Stage of life
Subject code: A04aa02

StudyThurnher (1974): study US 1969
TitleGoals, Values, and Life Evaluations at The PreRetirement Stage.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 85 - 96
URLhttps://www.geron.org/
Public55+ aged, people in transition, United States, 196?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =114

Correlate
Author's labelTransition of Retirement
Page in Source 86, 90
Our classificationStage of life, code A04aa02
Operationalization
a: empty nest stage
   e.g. Ss whose youngest child was a high school 
senior and who were facing the imminent completion of 
the family cycle
b: pre-retired stage
   e.g. Ss anticipating retirement or retirement of 
spouse within 3 years
Observed distributionN: Males:a=26, b=28; Women:a=25, b=30

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-W-?-sq-v-3-aDM=
MALES              
a:Empty nest:  M=2,19; SD=0,57    
b:Pre-retired: M=1,57; SD=0,69    
- difference:   -0,62            

WOMEN
a:Empty nest:  M=1,88; SD=0,70
b:Pre-retired: M=2,03, SD=0,81
- difference:   +0,15
C-W-?-sq-v-3-aBMCT=
d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Timeliness of life-stage transition
Subject code: A04aa02a

StudyChiriboga (1982a): study US 1969
TitleConsistency in Adult Functioning. The Influence of Stress.
SourceAgeing and Society, 1982, Vol. 2, 7 - 29
PublicPeople in transition followed 11 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelTimeliness of transition
Page in Source 23
Our classificationTimeliness of life-stage transition, code A04aa02a
Operationalization
Ss classified according to whether the transition they 
faced at T1, had taken place at T2 or T3 (2 or 5 years
later).
1: late: no transition at T3
2: on-time:transition between T2 and T3
3: early : transition before T2 
The transitions are: marriage, parenthood,empty nest 
and retirement.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr=
T1-T2/3 change (1969-74) by T5 happiness (1980)
Male:   r= -.06 (ns)      
Female: r= -.21 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Timeliness of life-stage transition
Subject code: A04aa02a

StudyFiske & Chiriboga (1985): study US 1969
TitleThe Interweaving of Societal and Personal Change in Adulthood.
SourceMunnichs, J.M.;et al;Eds.: "Life-Span and Change in a Gerontal Perspective", Academic Press, 1985, New York, USA, 177 - 209
PublicPeople in transition, followed 5 years,USA, 1969-1974
Sample
Non-ResponseSample attrition: 12,5%
Respondents N =189

Correlate
Author's labelTimeliness of transition
Page in Source 193
Our classificationTimeliness of life-stage transition, code A04aa02a
Operationalization
Ss classified according to whether the transition they 
faced at T1,  had taken place at T2 or T3 (2 or 5 years
later).
1: late   : no transition at T3
2: on-time:transition between T2 and T3
3: early  : transition before T2 
The transitions faced at T1  are:
- for high school seniors: marriage
- for newly wed: parenthood  
- for middle aged parents: empty nest  
- for elderly couples: retirement
Remarks
MALES             EARLY    ON TIME   LATE       

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- all             M=1.81   M=1.70    M=1.69
FEMALES 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- all             M=1.62   M=1.70    M=1.42

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME   LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- young           M=2.06   M=1.62    M=1.65
- old             M=1.65   M=1.78    M=1.77
FEMALES 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- young
- old

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME   LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= ns
- high stress     M=l.83   M=1.71    M=1.56
- low stress      M=1.75   M=1.69    M=1.75
FEMALES 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- low stress
- high stress

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME   LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= p < .05
- T1 all          M=2.21   M=1.71   M=1.64
- T2 all          M=1.64   M=1.68   M=1.57
- T3 all          M=1.57   M=1.71   M=1.86
FEMALES 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= ns
- T1 all          M=1.60   M=1.84   M=1.58
- T2 all          M=1.70   M=1.59   M=1.09
- T3 all          M=1.55   M=1.67   M=1.58

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME  LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= ns
- T1 young        M=2.82   M=1.57   M=1.61
- T1 old          M=1.82   M=1.86   M=1.70
- T2 young        M=1.82   M=1.57   M=1.56
- T2 old          M=1.53   M=1.78   M=1.60
- T3 young        M=1.54   M=1.71   M=1.78
- T3 old          M=1.59   M=1.71   M=2.00
FEMALES 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- T1 young                                    
- T1 old          
- T2 young                                  
- T2 old          
- T3 young                                   
- T3 old  

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME  LATE  
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM= p < .05
- T1 low stress   M=2.35   M=1.64   M=1.55 
- T1 high stress  M=1.88   M=1.78   M=1.68
- T2 low stress   M=1.55   M=1.64   M=1.44
- T2 high stress  M=1.88   M=1.71   M=1.63 
- T3 low stress   M=1.60   M=1.86   M=1.67
- T3 high stress  M=1.50   M=1.57   M=1.95
FEMALES 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbDM=
- T1 low stress  
- T1 high stress  
- T2 low stress  
- T2 high stress  
- T3 low stress 
- T3 high stress 
                           
-Mean happiness scores over 5 years (average  T1,
 T2 and T3) and at T1, T2 and T3 separately),
 rated on a 3-point scale : 1:very happy, 2: 
 pretty happy, 3:not too happy
-Blank coloms/rows indicate insignificant 
 differences.
-Stress measured by repeated negative events in 
 the past year.
-Young= high school seniors+ newly weds
 Old  = middle aged parents+ elderly


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 178,181
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Remarks
Home buyers only: n=125
T1-T2 interval= 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faBeta=+.13 ns
T2 happiness by T2 age
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change in happiness 
after purchase of house)
- Personal characteristics:
  - Sex 
  - Marital status 
  - Education
  - Income
  - Occupational status
 Housing situation:
  - Owner of the house 
  - Housing type 
  - Satisfaction with neighborhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 23, 24
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
in years
Observed distributionM = 43,19 SD = 12,74
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=-.00 ns
B controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.00 ns
OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.02 p < .05
OPRC additionally controlled for:
- credit cycle (instead of microfinance loan)

Not significant when droptouts where included


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AR 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Argentina, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=3.21     Mt=7.4
2       M=3.12     Mt=7.1
3       M=3.10     Mt=7.0
4       M=2.88     Mt=6.3
5       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
6       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=1.36      Mt=6.4
2       M=1.48      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.45      Mt=6.4
4       M= .90      Mt=5.9
5       M=1.05      Mt=6.0
6       M=1.08      Mt=6.1
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=7.24      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.35      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.13      Mt=6.8
4       M=7.19      Mt=6.9
5       M=7.50      Mt=7.2
6       M=6.94      Mt=6.6
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent Age
Page in Source 56+57
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Observed distributionN = 1:199, 2: 262, 3: 377, 4: 390, 5: 341, 6: 228, 7: 170

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
1 Mt = 7,54; SD = 1,64
2 Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,51
3 Mt = 7,57; SD = 1,65
4 Mt = 7,53; SD = 1,73
5 Mt = 7,89; SD = 1,68
6 Mt = 8,21; SD = 1,64
7 Mt = 8,48; SD = 1,58
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
 6>1          p<.001
 6>2          p<.002
 6>(3,4)      p<.000
 7>(1,2,3,4)  p<000
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
1 Mt = 7,27; SD = 1,91
2 Mt = 7,36; SD = 1,83
3 Mt = 7,36; SD = 1,77
4 Mt = 7,35; SD = 1,79
5 Mt = 7,56; SD = 1,80
6 Mt = 8,00; SD = 1,59
7 Mt = 7,95; SD = 1,91
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
6>1  p<.001
6>2  P<.002
6>3  p<.001 
6>4  P<.000
7>1  p<.006
7>2  P<.014
7>3  P<.008
7>4  p<.005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 131+146+157
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 55-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Observed distributionN 1: 189, 2: 281, 3: 370, 4: 371, 5: 369, 6: 220, 7: 159

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
1 Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,59
2 Mt = 7,80; SD = 1,47
3 Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,75 
4 Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,74
5 Mt = 7,77; SD = 1,82
6 Mt = 8,23; SD = 1,52
7 Mt = 8,21; SD = 1,61
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .001
6>2
6>3 
6>5 (027)
7>3 (002)
7>5 (028)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+
females:
1 Mt = 7,92; SD = 1,20
2 Mt = 7,98; SD = 1,18
3 Mt = 7,59; SD = 1,27
4 Mt = 7,78; SD = 1,49
5 Mt = 7,92; SD = 1,53
6 Mt = 8,41; SD = 1,08
7 Mt = 8,46; SD = 1,13
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
males:
1 Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,45
2 Mt = 7,48; SD = 1,29
3 Mt = 7,57; SD = 1,60
4 Mt = 7,62; SD = 1,40
5 Mt = 7,83; SD = 1,48
6 Mt = 8,09; SD = 1,44
7 Mt = 8,11; SD = 1,40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source B51
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Observed distributionN = 1:155, 2:189, 3:322, 4:397, 5:389, 6:296, 7:200

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+ p < .000
1 Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,24
2 Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,50
3 Mt = 7,71; SD = 1,70
4 Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,65
5 Mt = 7,96; SD = 1,67
6 Mt = 8,07; SD = 1,64
7 Mt = 8,43; SD = 1,63
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
7>1, p<.020
7>2, p<.000
7>3, p<.000
7>4, p<.000
7>5, p<.015


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source B68
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Remarks
Happiness Survey 10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 0-10
1 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
2 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
3 Mt = 5,87; SD = 3,84; N = 2
4 Mt = 5,00; SD =       N = 1
5 Mt = 7,14; SD =       N = 1
6 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
7 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
5 Mt = 7,14;            N = 1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 11-20
1 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
2 Mt = 2,82; SD = 0,49; N = 0
3 Mt =       SD =       N = 5
4 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
5 Mt = 3,86; SD =       N = 0
6 Mt = 4,57; SD =       N = 1
7 Mt =       SD =       N = 1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 21-30
1 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
2 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
3 Mt = 5,62; SD = 1,00; N = 3
4 Mt = 5,81; SD = 0,64; N = 4
5 Mt = 5,88; SD = 1,46; N = 6
6 Mt = 4,43; SD =       N = 1
7 Mt = 4,14; SD =       N = 1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 31-40
1 Mt = 5,39; SD = 0,81; N = 4
2 Mt = 6,00; SD = 0,84; N = 4
3 Mt = 5,14; SD = 0,61; N = 2
4 Mt = 6,10; SD = 0,92; N = 7
5 Mt = 5,06; SD = 0,77; N = 8
6 Mt = 3,14; SD =       N = 1
7 Mt =       SD         N = 0
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 41-50
1 Mt = 6,56; SD = 1,65; N = 10
2 Mt = 6,84; SD = 0,68; N = 11
3 Mt = 6,10; SD = 1,24; N =  8
4 Mt = 6,62; SD = 1,16; N = 14
5 Mt = 6,68; SD = 0,94; N = 12
6 Mt = 6,70; SD = 0,21; N =  7
7 Mt = 6,60; SD = 1,59; N =  6
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 51-60
1 Mt = 6,20; SD = 1,25; N = 15
2 Mt = 6,66; SD = 0,76; N = 20
3 Mt = 6,43; SD = 1,08; N = 24
4 Mt = 6,30; SD = 1,04; N = 27
5 Mt = 6,04; SD = 1,07; N = 23
6 Mt = 6,82; SD = 1,54; N =  4
7 Mt = 6,71; SD = 1,48; N =  6
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 61-70
1 Mt = 7,13; SD = 0,80; N = 43
2 Mt = 7,25; SD = 0,86; N = 81
3 Mt = 7,26; SD = 0,88; N = 94
4 Mt = 7,03; SD = 0,79; N = 89
5 Mt = 6,86; SD = 0,90; N = 61
6 Mt = 6,89; SD = 1,04; N = 28
7 Mt = 7,86; SD = 0,69; N = 15
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 71-80
1 Mt = 7,71; SD = 0,74; N =  65
2 Mt = 7,75; SD = 0,85; N =  86
3 Mt = 7,63; SD = 0,90; N = 138
4 Mt = 7,58; SD = 0,90; N = 135
5 Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,07; N = 134
6 Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,06; N =  78
7 Mt = 7,89; SD = 0,84; N =  58
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 81-90
1 Mt = 8,05; SD = 0,95; N = 37
2 Mt = 8,10; SD = 0,85; N = 60
3 Mt = 8,17; SD = 0,83; N = 76
4 Mt = 8,09; SD = 1,09; N = 56
5 Mt = 8,17; SD = 0,76; N = 81
6 Mt = 8,36; SD = 0,74; N = 70
7 Mt = 8,34; SD = 0,66; N = 38
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 91-100
1 Mt = 8,54; SD = 0,78; N = 15
2 Mt = 7,93; SD = 1,74; N = 19
3 Mt = 8,51; SD = 0,99; N = 17
4 Mt = 8,76; SD = 0,76; N = 38
5 Mt = 8,48; SD = 0,97; N = 43
6 Mt = 8,56; SD = 0,79; N = 29
7 Mt = 8,66; SD = 0,75; N = 32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source B69
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25 
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Remarks
Happiness Survey 11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 0-10
1 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
2 Mt = 8,29; SD = 0,61; N = 2
3 Mt = 7,50; SD = 0,51; N = 2
4 Mt = 3,43; SD = 2,31; N = 4
5 Mt = 9,00; SD = 0,00; N = 2
6 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
7 Mt = 6,29; SD = 3,41; N = 4
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 11-20
1 Mt = 5,48; SD = 2,37; N = 4
2 Mt = 6,40; SD = 1,45; N = 5
3 Mt = 3,86; SD =       N = 2
4 Mt = 5,74; SD = 1,39; N = 6
5 Mt = 7,29; SD = 1,80; N = 7
6 Mt = 8,29; SD =       N = 1
7 Mt =       SD =       N = 0
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 21-30
1 Mt = 7,00; SD = 0,78; N =  5
2 Mt = 7,34; SD = 1,17; N =  5
3 Mt = 6,16; SD = 1,58; N = 10
4 Mt = 4,71; SD = 1,83; N =  6
5 Mt = 6,10; SD = 1,23; N =  3
6 Mt = 7,76; SD = 0,36; N =  3
7 Mt = 6,33; SD = 2,20; N =  3
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 31-40
1 Mt = 5,82; Sd = 1,72; N =  8
2 Mt = 6,24; SD = 0.92; N =  9
3 Mt = 6,30; SD = 0,92; N = 12
4 Mt = 5,88; SD = 1,83; N =  9
5 Mt = 5,96; SD = 1,33; N =  3
6 Mt = 7,14; SD = 1,41; N =  2
7 Mt = 6,57; SD =       N =  1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 41-50
1 Mt = 6,37; SD = 1,14; N = 23
2 Mt = 5,83; SD = 1,66; N = 18
3 Mt = 6,56; SD = 1,14; N = 35
4 Mt = 6,34; SD = 1,31; N = 33
5 Mt = 6,21; SD = 1,46; N = 31
6 Mt = 6,36; SD = 1,34; N = 14
7 Mt = 6,91; SD = 1,16; N = 11
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 51-60
1 Mt = 6,43; SD = 0,95; N = 15
2 Mt = 7,15; SD = 0,82; N = 19
3 Mt = 6,74; SD = 1,41; N = 30
4 Mt = 6,46; SD = 1,08; N = 35
5 Mt = 6,99; SD = 0,92; N = 18
6 Mt = 7,26; SD = 1,09; N = 20
7 Mt = 6,83; SD = 0,68; N =  5
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 61-70
1 Mt = 7,09; SD = 0,95; N = 37
2 Mt = 7,05; SD = 0,78; N = 55
3 Mt = 7,19; SD = 0,90; N = 79
4 Mt = 7,10; SD = 0,81; N = 81
5 Mt = 7,22; SD = 0,90; N = 62
6 Mt = 7,18; SD = 0.90; N = 25
7 Mt = 7,71; SD = 0,81; N = 21
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 71-80
1 Mt = 7,73; SD = 0,87; N =  56
2 Mt = 7,71; SD = 0,83; N =  85
3 Mt = 7,58; SD = 0,92; N = 105
4 Mt = 7,70; SD = 0,95; N = 119
5 Mt = 7,60; SD = 1,08; N = 109
6 Mt = 7,76; SD = 0.84; N =  59
7 Mt = 7,94; SD = 0,99; N =  49
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 81-90
1 Mt = 8,03; SD = 1,09; N = 27
2 Mt = 8,14; SD = 0,59; N = 44
3 Mt = 8,11; SD = 0,85; N = 72
4 Mt = 8,08; SD = 0,83; N = 66
5 Mt = 8,10; SD = 0,89; N = 64
6 Mt = 8,10; SD = 0,93; N = 71
7 Mt = 7,96; SD = 1,03; N = 48
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 91-100
1 Mt = 8,18; SD = 1,22; N = 23
2 Mt = 8,60; SD = 0,87; N = 20
3 Mt = 8,32; SD = 1,36; N = 29
4 Mt = 8,56; SD = 0,73; N = 30
5 Mt = 8,40; SD = 0,88; N = 38
6 Mt = 8,67; SD = 0,48; N = 32
7 Mt = 8,75; SD = 0,70; N = 28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source B70
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Remarks
Happiness 10&11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 0-10
1 Mt =       SD =       N =  0
2 Mt = 8,29; SD = 0,61; N =  2
3 Mt = 6,68; SD = 2,43; N =  4
4 Mt = 3,74; SD = 2,12; N =  5
5 Mt = 8,38; SD = 1,10; N =  3
6 Mt =       SD =       N =  0
7 Mt = 6,29; SD = 3,41; N =  4
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 11-20
1 Mt = 5,48; SD = 2,37; N =  4
2 Mt = 6,40; SD = 1,45; N =  5
3 Mt = 3,10; SD = 0,63; N =  7
4 Mt = 5,74; SD = 1,39; N =  6
5 Mt = 7,29; SD = 1,80; N =  7
6 Mt = 6,07; SD = 3,13; N =  2
7 Mt = 4,57; SD =       N =  1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 21-30
1 Mt = 7,00; SD = 0,78; N =  5
2 Mt = 7,34; SD = 1,17; N =  5
3 Mt = 6,02; SD = 1,43; N = 13
4 Mt = 5,08; SD = 1,58; N = 10
5 Mt = 5,95; SD = 1,31; N =  9
6 Mt = 5,95; SD = 1,69; N =  4
7 Mt = 5,79; SD = 2,10; N =  4
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 31-40
1 Mt = 5,68; SD = 1,45; N = 12
2 Mt = 6,17; SD = 0,87; N = 13
3 Mt = 6,13; SD = 1,19; N = 14
4 Mt = 5,97; SD = 1,43; N = 16
5 Mt = 5,51; SD = 1,14; N = 15
6 Mt = 5,81; SD = 2,52; N =  3
7 Mt = 6,57; SD =       N =  1
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 41-50
1 Mt = 6,42; SD = 1,29; N = 33
2 Mt = 6,19; SD = 1,46; N = 29
3 Mt = 6,47; SD = 1,16; N = 43
4 Mt = 6,43; SD = 1,26; N = 47
5 Mt = 6,34; SD = 1,34; N = 43
6 Mt = 6,48; SD = 1,58; N = 21
7 Mt = 6,80; SD = 1,27; N = 17
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 51-60
1 Mt = 6,31; SD = 1,10; N = 30
2 Mt = 6,90; SD = 0,82; N = 39
3 Mt = 6,60; SD = 1,27; N = 54
4 Mt = 6,39; SD = 1,06; N = 62
5 Mt = 6,47; SD = 1,11; N = 41
6 Mt = 7,19; SD = 1,15; N = 24
7 Mt = 6,90; SD = 1,09; N = 11
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 61-70
1 Mt = 7,11; SD = 0,87; N =  80
2 Mt = 7,17; SD = 0,83; N = 136 
3 Mt = 7,23; SD = 0,89; N = 173
4 Mt = 7,06; SD = 0,80; N = 170
5 Mt = 7,04; SD = 0,91; N = 123
6 Mt = 7,03; SD = 0.98; N =  53
7 Mt = 7,78; SD = 0,75; N =  36
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 71-80
1 Mt = 7,72; SD = 0,80; N = 121
2 Mt = 7,73; SD = 0,84; N = 171
3 Mt = 7,61; SD = 0,91; N = 243
4 Mt = 7,63; SD = 0,93; N = 254
5 Mt = 7,52; SD = 1,07; N = 243
6 Mt = 7,64; SD = 0,97; N = 137
7 Mt = 7,91; SD = 0,91; N = 107
M-AC-g-sq-n-11-aDMs=
happiness 81-90
1 Mt = 8,04; SD = 1,00; N =  64
2 Mt = 8,12; SD = 0,75; N = 104
3 Mt = 8,14; SD = 0,83; N = 148
4 Mt = 8,08; SD = 0,95; N = 122
5 Mt = 8,14; SD = 0,82; N = 145
6 Mt = 8,21; SD = 0,85; N = 141
7 Mt = 8,14; SD = 0,89; N =  86
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
happiness 91-100
1 Mt = 8,32; SD = 1,07; N = 38
2 Mt = 8,27; SD = 1,39; N = 39
3 Mt = 8,39; SD = 1,22; N = 46
4 Mt = 8,67; SD = 0,75; N = 68
5 Mt = 8,44; SD = 0,92; N = 81
6 Mt = 8,61; SD = 0,65; N = 61
7 Mt = 8,70; SD = 0,72; N = 60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey (2008b): study AU 2004
TitleThe Set-Point Theory of Well-Being: Negative Results and Consequent Revisions.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 85, 389 - 403
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-007-9134-2
Public15+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =12408

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 223, 224
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: All ages from age 15 on
b: Prime age (25-59)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aDM=-
All ages:  M = 7,9
Prime age: M = 7,8
- difference: -0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2003d): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 7, Report 7.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. The Effect of Work.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response85%
Respondents N =1993

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source 107
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
Observed distributionN = 1: 177, 2: 284, 3: 398, 4: 380, 5: 349, 6: 204, 7: 150

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
1: Mt = 7,60; SD = 1,55
2: Mt = 7,59; SD = 1,64
3: Mt = 7,75; SD = 1,54
4: Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,76
5: Mt = 7,95; SD = 1,76
6: Mt = 8,30; SD = 1,59
g: Mt = 81,34; SD = 18,33
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
e>a, p<.001
e>b, p<.000
e>c, p<.003
e>d, p<.000
f>b, p<.021


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source 84
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 : 18-25
2 : 26-35
3 : 36-45
4 : 46-55
5 : 56-65
6 : 66-75
7 : 76+
Observed distributionN = 1 : 191; 2 : 29 ; 3 : 417; 4 : 370; 5 : 338; 6 : 21; 7 : 109

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+ p < .000
1 Mt =7,57;SD =1,36
2 Mt =7,72;SD =1,63
3 Mt =7,54;SD =1,54
4 Mt =7,50;SD =1,91
5 Mt =8,05;SD =1,64
6 Mt =8,30;SD =1,59
7 Mt =8,68;SD =1,36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2003b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey, Report 8.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Feeling Connected to Australia.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, November 2003, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response83%
Respondents N =1980

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source 107
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Observed distributionN = 1: 180, 2: 305, 3: 413; 4: 396, 5: 287, 6: 231, 7: 137

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .000
1 Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,45
2 Mt = 7,71; SD = 1,57
3 Mt = 7,64; SD = 1,62
4 Mt = 7,52; SD = 1,76
5 Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,92
6 Mt = 8,25; SD = 1,69
7 Mt = 8,46; SD = 1.41
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV=
6>1; p< .006
6>2; p< .000
6>3; p< .006
6>4; p< .005
7>1; p< .006
7>2; p< .000
7>3; p< .010
7>4; p< .009
M-AC-g-sq-n-11-aDMt= p < .000
1 Mt = 7,60; SD = 1,48
2 Mt = 7,61; SD = 1,42
3 Mt = 7,51; SD = 1,51
4 Mt = 7,51; SD = 1,67
5 Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,53
6 Mt = 8,17; SD = 1,13
7 Mt = 8,20; SD = 1,38
M-AC-g-sq-n-11-aAoV=
6>1; p< .035
6>2; p< .001
6>3; p< .000
6>4; p< .000
6>5; p< .001
7>1; p< .015
7>2; p< .000
7>3; p< .000
7>4; p< .016
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt= p < .000
1 Mt = 7,91; SD = 1,43
2 Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,36
3 Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,39
4 Mt = 7,56; SD = 1,67
5 Mt = 7,83; SD = 1,49
6 Mt = 8,35; SD = 1,32
7 Mt = 8,32; SD = 1,35
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV=
6>1; p< .039
6>2; p< .002
6>3; p< .000
6>4; p< .000
6>5; P< .001
7>1; p< .026
7>2; p< .001
7>3; p< .000
7>4; p< .020


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004c): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Report 9.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Effects of Household Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1897

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source 129
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25 years
2: 26-35   "
3: 36-45   "
4: 46-55   "
5: 56-65   "
6: 66-75   "
7: 76+
Observed distributionN = 1: 190, 2: 282, 3: 352, 4: 372, 5: 313, 6: 216, 7: 76+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cDMt= p < .000
1 Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,48
2 Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,43
3 Mt = 7,59; SD = 1,78
4 Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,86
5 Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,64
6 Mt = 8,00; SD = 1,76
7 Mt = 8,23; SD = 1,55
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cAoV=
7>1, p< .001
7>2, p< .032
7>3, p< .001
7>4, p< .017


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey & Wooden (2004): study AU 2002
TitleThe Effects of Wealth and Income on Subjective Well-Being and Ill-Being.
SourceEconomic Record, 2004, Vol. 80, 24 - 33
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2004.00181.x/abstract
Public20-59 aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7934

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 22
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=-1.2 p < .001
Age in years
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db=+.02 p < .001
Age squared
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d
B controlled for:
 - equivalised income
 - net worth
 - gender
 - partnered
 - educational attainment
 - employment status
 - disability status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source 66+69+100+121+123
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Observed distributionN = 1: 205, 2: 319, 3 : 407, 4 :380 , 5 :294, 6 :220, 7 :105

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
All:
1   Mt =7,57; SD =1,51
2   Mt =7,71; SD =1,62
3   Mt =7,56; SD =1,69
4   Mt =7,60; SD =1,93
5   Mt =8,16; SD =1,61
6   Mt =8,04; SD =1,63
7   Mt =8,13; SD =1,69
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .000
6>  1,2,3,4
7>  3
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.11 p < .000
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+ p < .039
Ss who worry
1+2  Mt =5,33; SD =2,55; N =8 
3    Mt =6,23; SD =1,85; N =29
4    Mt =6,73; SD =2,29; N =15
5    Mt =7,44; SD =1,32; N =19
6    Mt =7,36; SD =1,62; N =13
7    Mt =7,85; SD =2,51; N =59
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
Ss who live alone only
1+2   Mt =6,71; SD =2,32; N =41
3     Mt =6,94; SD =1,66; N =34
4     Mt =6,80; SD =2,86; N =51
5     Mt =7,84; SD =1,42; N =47
6     Mt =7,79; SD =1,61; N =70
7     Mt =8,23; SD =1,73; N =46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study AU 2002
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Australia 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11755

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 16
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.74 p < .001
Age in years
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=.07 p < .001
Age squared
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-e
B's controlled for
- equivalised income
- net worth
- gender
- partnered
- education
- in working force
- unemployed
- bad health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2002b): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 4, Report 4.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. 1. Work and Leisure 2. The Impact of 11 September, One Year Later.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =2003

Correlate
Author's labelChronological Age
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: 18-25
b: 26-35
c: 36-35
d: 46-55
e: 56-65
f: 66-75
g: 76+
Observed distributionN = a : 295, b : 210, c : 411, d : 391, e : 278, f : 183, g : 135

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .000
a:Mt =76.24, SD =16.85
b:Mt =76.61, SD =14.43
c:Mt =75.26, SD =17.70
d:Mt =74.99, SD =17.73
e:Mt =78.27, SD =18.71
f:Mt =80.38, SD =15.63
g:Mt =83.48, SD =16.08
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
(c,d)<(f,g)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2002a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 3, Report 3.2. The Impact of Personal Relationships and Household Structure on the Wellbeing of Australians.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response70%
Respondents N =2110

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 10 + 41
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. 18-25
2. 26-35
3. 36-45
4. 46-55
5. 56-65
6. 66-75
7. 76+
Observed distributionN= 1: 183, 2: 242, 3: 377, 4: 403, 5: 344, 6: 253, 7: 129

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
18-25  Mt = 7,51
26-35  Mt = 7,68
36-45  Mt = 7,60
46-55  Mt = 7,69
46-55  Mt = 8,15
56-65  Mt = 8,09
66-75  Mt = 8,36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2001): study AU 2001 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 2, Report 1.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2001, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response90%
Respondents N =2004

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 33
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-25
2: 26-35
3: 36-45
4: 46-55
5: 56-65
6: 66-75
7: 76+
Observed distributionN = 1: 246, 2: 309, 3: 408, 4: 410, 5: 273, 6: 224, 7: 134

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
1 Mt = 7,57; SD = 1,71
2 Mt = 7,59; SD = 1,96
3 Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,87
4 Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,97
5 Mt = 8,07; SD = 1,90
6 Mt = 7,96; SD = 2,15
7 Mt = 8,10; SD = 2,02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCummins et al. (2001b): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 2, Report 2. Special Report on Income and Geographic Location.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2001, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response90%
Respondents N =2004

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 35
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-35
2: 36-45
3: 46-65
4: 65-76+
Observed distributionN = 1: 197, 2: 93, 3: 285, 4: 310

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .001
Low income group only:
1 Mt = 7,37
2 Mt = 7,09
3 Mt = 7,43
4 Mt = 7,95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 433, 440
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared/100
Observed distributionMales: M=43.3 SD=17.5; Females: M=43.8 SD=17.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.05 p < .01
AGE IN YEARS
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.03 p < .01
Females
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.00 p < .01
AG SQUARED/100
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.00 p < .01
Females

OPRC's controlled for:
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved 
characteristics of the neighbourhood)
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPaul & Guilbert (2013): study AU 2001
TitleIncome-Happiness Paradox in Australia: Testing the Theories of Adaptation and Social Comparison.
SourceEconomic Modeling, 2013, Vol. 30, 900 - 910
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2012.08.034
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 4 years 2001-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8530

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 905
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Current age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.03 p < .05
Age
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.00 ns
Age squared

OPRC controlled for:
- Household income
- Past household income
- Reference group income
- Education level
- Gender
- Employment status
- Health
- Living in/outside city
- Indiginous
- Marital status
- Parents together
- Volunteering
- Care performed
- Working hours
- Commuting


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAmbrey et al. (2013): study AU Queensland 2000
TitleEstimating the Cost of Air Pollution in South East Queensland: An Application of the Life Satisfaction Non-Market Valuation Approach.
SourceAARES Paper, 2013, Sydney, Australia
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913003479
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.11.007
Public+45 aged general public, South East Queensland, Australia, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =923

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 17.20
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age of respondent in years
Observed distributionMean=43.4193; SD=15.8855

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.05 p < .001
age in years: (-.0507)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=+.00 p < .01
Age squared: (+.0006)

OPRC's controlled for
- Personal characteristics
 - Aboriginal identity
 - Gender
 - Immigrant
 - English ability
 - Marital status
 - Parent status
 - Number of children
 - Health condition
 - Education levels
 - Employment status
 - Household income (ln)
 - Importance of religion
 - Living years
 - Others present
 - Personality
 - Major city
 - Local status
-Environment
 - Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas
 - PM10 (?g/m3)
 - Humidity (%)
 - Rainfall (mm)
 - Temperature (░C)
 - Wind speed (meters/second)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatess.e.=.011

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.05 p < .05
Age squared.

Beta's controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyEvans & Kelley (2002): study AU 1984
TitleFamily and Community Influences on Life Satisfaction.
SourceReport Melbourne Institute, 2002, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1984-2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35-40%
Respondents N =26009

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 35,47,50,52,54,55,57
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Years based on the date of birth

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=+.03
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=+.02
B and beta controlled for:
- Gender
- Migration
- Family of origin:
  - Parent's education
  - Parent divorced
- Current family situation:
   - Marital status:
      - Married (1st, 2nd, de facto)
      - Widowed
      - Divorced
- Family size
- Church attendence (ln)
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=
Women: B= +.01; Beta=  ns
Men:   B= +.05; Beta=+.04

B and beta not significant when additionally 
controlled for church attendance, denomination, 
charity work, education, income,labor force 
participation and employment conditions.
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1992): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleUnderstanding Happiness: A Theory of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceLongman Cheshire, 1992, Melbourne, Australia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/headey_b_1992.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, 1981-1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =502

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 154
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<35   
35-59 
60+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-21-aDM=+
<35     M = 14,5
35-59   M = 14,6
60+     M = 14,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-0-ar=+.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.05 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.11 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
Males  : G'= +.27     _c'= 01
Females: G'= +.16     _c'= 01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.06 p < .01
males  : G'=+.17 (01)  _c'=+.10 (01)
females: G'=+.01 (ns)  _c'=+.01 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study AU 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Australia, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =945

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 130
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 21-29
2 30-49
3 50-65
4 over 65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.04 ns
1                             M'=2.09  Mt'=5.4
2                                2.02      5.1
3                                1.91      4.6
4                                2.05      5.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.07 p < .05
                       
                               


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1992
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1992
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1553

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 13
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1460

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.06      Mt=7.1
2       M=2.15      Mt=7.1
3       M=1.97      Mt=7.0
4       M=1.66      Mt=6.7
5       M=1.49      Mt=6.5
6       M= .75      Mt=5.8
7       M= .92      Mt=5.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.71      Mt=6.3
2       M=7.03      Mt=6.7
3       M=6.88      Mt=6.5
4       M=6.20      Mt=5.8
5       M=5.90      Mt=5.4
6       M=6.19      Mt=5.8
7       M=5.73      Mt=5.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
2       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
3       M=3.21     Mt=7.4
4       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
5       M=3.14     Mt=7.1
6       M=2.81     Mt=6.0
7       M=3.17     Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.17 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.19 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.14 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.15 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.09 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGehmacher (1989): study AT 1989
TitleUngleichheit in Wien. (Inequality in Vienna).
SourceBauforum, Fachzeitschrift fŘr Architektur, 1989, Vol. 22, 88 - 94
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 91
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. Young  (<30)
2. Middle (30-60)
3. Senior (60>)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aDMs=
Difference from nation average (100 = 1SD).
Splitt up by education.
    basic   vocational  higher   all
1.  +46      +46        +46      +46
2.  -26      -09        +35      -01
3.  -56      -38        +18      -37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1989
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 7, 11
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. 16-29
2. 31-39
3. 40-49
4. 50-59
5. 60-69
6. 70-79
7. 80+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=-
% happy (very or quite)
1.  75
2.  75
3.  59
4   57
5.  53
6.  41
7.  38
all 63
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.21 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dD%=-
1.  78
2.  77
3.  67
4   62
5.  61
6.  56
7.  56
all 68
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.14 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-aD%=-
1.  75
2.  74
3.  57
4   47
5.  40
6.  27
7.  29
all 58
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.29 p < .01
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=-.26 p < .01
Betas controled for:
- education
- community size
- cultural participation (attendance and amateur 
activity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGehmacher (1992d): study AT 1989 /1
TitleSport, Gesundheit und Lebenszufriedenheit.(Sport, Health and Life Satisfaction.)
SourceEhalt, H.C.;Weiss, O.;Eds.: "Sport zwischen Disziplienerung und Neuen Sozialen Bewegungen", B÷hlau, 1992, Vienna, Austria, 170 - 184
PublicMilitary male cadres, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1350

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 180
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-5-arpc=+.05
direct effects of sporting, physical health and 
psychological coping capacity partialed out


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGehmacher (1990): study AT 1988
TitleStressbewńltigung und Selbstbestimtheit. (Coping with Stress and Locus of Control).
SourceStart und Aufstieg, 1990, Vol. 3, 13 - 14
PublicRailway employees, Austria, 1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =68

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source (17)
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. -25
2. 26-39
3. 40+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.30
1. M'=1.75
2. M'=2.30
3. M'=2.68


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGehmacher (1987a): study AT 1987
TitleGebaude Gemeinschaft. (Builded Community).
SourceSWS Rundschau, 1987, Vol. 27, 147 - 156
URLhttp://www.sws-rundschau.at/
PublicResidents housing estates, Vienna, Austria, 1987
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =218

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 151
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
< 25
26-39
40 >
Remarks
▀ controled for sex, postmaterialism, physical health, 
mental health, education, occupational status and 
satisfactions (with housing, leisure, social contacts 
and actitities).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-br=-.26
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-ar=-.06
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.03 ns
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.11 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGehmacher (1986): study AT 1986
TitleGlŘck als Mathematische Gleichung. (Happiness as a Mathematical Equation).
SourceStart und Aufstieg: die Zeitschrift des Berufsf÷rderungsinstituts, Austria, 1986, 8 - 9
PublicAdults, age range not reported, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1814

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 9
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-ar=-.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFessel (1985): study AT 1985
TitleSoziologische und Psychologische Ursachen des Wertwandel Phńnomens. (Sociological and Psychological Determinants of Value Change).
SourceResearch Report, Institut fŘr Empirische Sozialforschung, IFES, 1985, Vienna, Austria
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/fessel_wd_1985.pdf
Public14+ aged, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1027

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. 14-19
2. 20-29
3. 30-44
4. 45-59
5. 60+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dG=-.13 p < .01
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=-.09 p < .01
% often happy
1. 55
2. 46
3. 50
4. 51
5. 40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualitńt in Ísterreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut fŘr Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultńt der Universitńt Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 30,48,T21
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1  <25 
2  26-40 
3  41-59 
4  >60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=-.23
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aG=-.22 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-atc=-.17 p < .05
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-atc=-.16 p < .01
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=-.16 p < .05
▀ controlled for: gender, marital status, 
education, professional status, income, and 
community size.
When controlled for health, age has no influence 
on quality-of-life.
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=-.10 p < .05
▀ controlled for: gender, marital status, 
education, professional status, income, and 
community size.

When controlled for health age has no influence on 
happiness.
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aG=-.23 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AT 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1186

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatess.e.=.017

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
Age squared.

Beta's controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BY 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belarus, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1015

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=5.43      Mt=4.9
2       M=5.69      Mt=5.2
3       M=5.60      Mt=5.1
4       M=5.48      Mt=5.0
5       M=5.34      Mt=4.8
6       M=4.87      Mt=4.3
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M= .61      Mt=5.6
2       M= .79      Mt=5.8
3       M= .95      Mt=6.0
4       M= .90      Mt=5.9
5       M= .76      Mt=5.8
6       M= .31      Mt=5.3
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=2.51     Mt=5.0
2       M=2.49     Mt=5.0
3       M=2.39     Mt=4.6
4       M=2.43     Mt=4.8
5       M=2.45     Mt=4.8
6       M=2.47     Mt=4.9
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=0 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySenik (2011): study BE 2002
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =4831

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 42
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.03 p < .001
AGE IN YEARS
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.04 p < .001
AGE SQUARED

B's controlled for:
- Region in Belgium
- Language spoken at home
- Household income
- Marital status
- Being unemployed
- Gender
- Survey year


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2792

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.73      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.51      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.52      Mt=6.5
4       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
5       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
6       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
7       M= .57      Mt=5.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.39     Mt=8.0
2       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
3       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
6       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
7       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.76      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.65      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
5       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
6       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
7       M=7.20      Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.73      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.51      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.52      Mt=6.5
4       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
5       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
6       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
7       M= .57      Mt=5.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.76      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.65      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
5       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
6       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
7       M=7.20      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.39     Mt=8.0
2       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
3       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
6       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
7       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.08 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.07 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.07 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study BE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1385

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatesage: s.e.=.017;age squared: s.e.=.018

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.03 p < .05
Age squared.

Beta's controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study BE 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1555

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
15-24 / 25-54 / 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.04
Males   : G' = +.13 (05)
Females : G' = -.18 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.14
Females : G' = -.20 (01)
Males   : G' = -.09 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1782

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.70      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.66      Mt=6.7
3       M=1.70      Mt=7.0
4       M=1.31      Mt=6.3
5       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
6       M= .81      Mt=5.8
7       M= .50      Mt=5.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
2       M=7.24      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.03      Mt=6.7
5       M=7.29      Mt=7.0
6       M=7.00      Mt=6.7
7       M=6.97      Mt=6.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.10     Mt=7.0
2       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
3       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
4       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
5       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
6       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
7       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.14      Mt=6.8
2       M=7.11      Mt=6.8
3       M=7.32      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.94      Mt=7.7
5       Empty category
6       Empty category
7       Empty category
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.25      Mt=6.3
2       M=1.09      Mt=6.1
3       M=1.32      Mt=6.3
4       M=1.10      Mt=6.1
5       Empty category
6       Empty category
7       Empty category
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
3       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
4       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
5       Empty category
6       Empty category
7       Empty category
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.12 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.05 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.09 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 99/103
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.12 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.17 p < .01
males  : G'= +.17 (01)   _c'= +.10 (01)
         linear relationship
females: G'= +.10 (01)   _c'= +.06 (05)
         curvilinear: 40-49 aged happiest
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.10 p < .01
males  : G'= +.17 (01)   _c'= +.10 (01)
         linear relationship
females: G'= +.10 (01)   _c'= +.06 (05)
         curvilinear: 40-49 aged happiest
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.08 p < .01
Males  : G'=+.16         _c'=+.10
Females: G'=+.10         _c'=+.06


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study BR 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil, 1960-1961
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 378
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 /  30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG= 0 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BG 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1034

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.48     Mt=4.9
2       M=2.29     Mt=4.3
3       M=2.28     Mt=4.3
4       M=2.33     Mt=4.4
5       M=2.35     Mt=4.5
6       M=2.09     Mt=3.6
7       M=2.14     Mt=3.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.39      Mt=4.9
2       M=5.06      Mt=4.5
3       M=4.72      Mt=4.1
4       M=4.84      Mt=4.3
5       M=5.33      Mt=4.8
6       M=4.83      Mt=4.3
7       M=4.00      Mt=3.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.07 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=0 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGwanfogbe et al. (1970): study CM 1965
TitlePolygyny and Marital Life Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study from Rural Cameroon.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1970, Vol. 28, 55 - 71
PublicMothers of young child, rural areas, Cameroon, 196?
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelAge of mother
Page in Source 62,64
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age of respondent
Observed distributionM = 29,5 years (SD = 7,89); Range 16 to 56 years; Median 28,3 years.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-ar=-.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta= ns
Beta controled for:
- wife order
- marital satisfaction
- husband's supportiveness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
age in years
Observed distributionM = 78,14; SD = 7,22

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=.+02 ns
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
  - perceived needs for services
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood
- Psychological well-being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyUskul & Greenglass (2005): study CA 2005
TitlePsychological Wellbeing in a Turkish-Canadian Sample.
SourceAnxiety, Stress, and Coping, 2005, Vol. 18, 269 - 278
DOIDOI: 10.1080/10615800500205983
PublicTurkish immigrants, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =181

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 274
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-mq-n-7-ar=+.00 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySenik (2011): study CA 2000
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged general public, Canada, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =3439

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 44
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared
Observed distributionM= 47.2 SD= 17.32

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.14 p < .001
AGE IN YEARS
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.00 ns
AGE SQUARED

B's controlled for:
- Age and age squared
- Gender
- Marital status
- Language of interview
- Income scale
- Survey year
- Ethnic group
- Employment status
- Education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyJones (2002): study CA 2000
TitleSatisfaction with Life in Canada.
SourceReligious Commitment Note 02 - 09, Christian Commitment Research Institute, 2002, Canada
Public15+ aged, general public, Canada, 1997, 2000
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =14000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
natural log of age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-db=-.12 p < .000
females
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-db=-.10 p < .000
males

B controled for:
- religion
- region
- marital status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyJones (2002a): study CA 1998
TitleHappiness and Optimism among Canada's 12 to 15 Years Old.
SourceReligious Commitment Note 02-12, 2002, Christian Commitment Research Institute, Canada
Public12-15 aged, Canada, 1998
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response13%
Respondents N =31194

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 5, 10,11
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age
1: 12
2: 13
3: 14
4: 15

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nD%=-
% very happy
1: 12 years 36%    
2: 13 years 26%
3: 14 years 25%
4: 15 years 27%
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.05 p < .000
girls
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.01 p < .315
boys
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.06 p < .001
Children with religious affiliation only: 
girls (N=1,192, boys N=1178)

girls
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-nb=-.01 p < .562
boys

B controlled for:
- religion
- worship frequency, child
- public school attendee or not
- family composition 
- education of the mother 
- working mother or not
- smoking and drinking by the mother
- household income
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2000): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleCriminal Victimization and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 50, 245 - 295
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006930019814
PublicAdult general population, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response63%
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 273
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Observed distributionRange: 18 - 88, mean 45

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.10 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-er= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.12 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGee (2000a): study CA British Columbia 1996
TitleLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life among Chinese Canadian Elders.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 51, 309 - 329
DOIDoi:10.1023/A:1007036122117
Public65+ aged, Chinese Canadians, Canada, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response28.5%
Respondents N =2158

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 323-325
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=-.12 p < .10
Married Men
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=-.03 ns
Married women
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-eBeta=-.00 ns
Widowed Women

Beta's controlled for:
-living arrangement
-health
-personal income
-country of birth
-years in Canada
-English-speaking ability
-have confidante
-number of close friends
-frequency of seeing non-coresident children
-see children as often as want


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CA 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3358

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatess.e.=.014

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.00 ns
Age squared.
Beta= +.003 (ns)

Beta's controlled for:
- life situation:
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPacker et al. (1997): study CA 1992
TitlePsychopathology and Quality of Life in Schizophrenia.
SourceJournal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 1997, Vol. 22, 231 - 234
Public18-40 aged, schizophrenics, Canada,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 232
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyUppal (2006): study CA 1991
TitleImpact of the Timing, Type and Severity of Disability on the Subjective Well-Being of Individuals with Disabilities.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2006, Vol. 63, 525 - 539
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.016
PublicDisabled, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response7.1%
Respondents N =24036

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 529-530
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: 15-24
b: 25-34
c: 35-44
d: 45-54
e: 55-64
f: 65 and above
Observed distributionMean age 53,85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=
             % Not too happy   % Very happy
15-24              10,8            22,6
25-34              17,7            20,7
35-44              16,0            19,2
45-54              15,5            16,7
55-64              14,3            18,7 
65 and above       11,9            23,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CA 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1730

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.14      Mt=7.1
2       M=2.29      Mt=7.3
3       M=2.45      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.51      Mt=7.5
5       M=2.57      Mt=7.6
6       M=2.07      Mt=7.1
7       M=2.60      Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.73      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.81      Mt=7.6
3       M=7.84      Mt=7.6
4       M=8.01      Mt=7.8
5       M=8.14      Mt=7.9
6       M=8.09      Mt=7.9
7       M=8.28      Mt=8.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
2       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
3       M=3.05     Mt=6.8
4       M=3.12     Mt=7.1
5       M=3.05     Mt=6.8
6       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
7       M=2.94     Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelChronological age
Page in Source 233
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-34
2: 35-44
3: 45-59
4: 60-74
5: 75-up 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.02
All ▀'s controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation, government services,   
and for the other demographic factors: sex, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  ▀: +.03
Females: N: 154  ▀: -.02
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=-.01
All ▀'s controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation, government services,  
and for the other demographic factors: sex, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  ▀: -.05
Females: N: 154  ▀: +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 109/134/37
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Single open-ended question: How old are you?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=-.03
ALL Ss (married (including not formally married 
cohabitating Ss (considered as married)) and 
non-married):

▀   = -.03 after control for: gender, household 
income, marital status, being in love, desire to 
change dating pattern or marital status, locus of 
control, social support (1. instrumental: problems 
managing money, deciding how to spend money, not 
enough money to do things, unsatisfying job, not 
enough money to get by on; 2. expressive: no close 
companions, no one to depend on, unsatisfactory 
sex life, problems communicating, dissatisfied 
with marital satus, not enough close friends, no 
one to show love/affection, too dependent on 
others, not having children, no one to understand 
problems; 3. interpersonal demands: too many 
responsibilities, no one to depend on, too many 
demands on time, problems communicating, problems 
with children, problems with spouse/ex-spouse, 
conflicts with those who are close), and 
satisfaction with: job and financial situation, 
friendships, love relationships and living 
situation.

NON-MARRIED Ss ONLY:

- males:   r = -.32  ▀ = -.16
- females: r = +.10  ▀ = +.01
Beta's controlled for the same vaiables, except 
marital status and gender.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.12 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.24 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.13 p < .01
Males  : G'=+.27 (01) _c'=+.15 (01)
Females: G'=+.22 (01) _c'=+.12 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.07 p < .01
males  : G'=+.16 (01)  _c'=+.09 (01)
females: G'=+.12 (01)  _c'=+.07 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKennedy et al. (1978): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleSubjective Evaluation of Well-Being: Problems and Prospects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 457 - 474
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352943
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =335

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 467/8
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG= ns
All
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG=+.20 p < .05
dwelling: single house
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG= ns
dwelling: semi-detached
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG= ns
dwelling: apartment
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG= ns
education 1-10 years
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG=+.27 p < .05
education: 11-13 years
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG= ns
eduction: 14-16 years
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG=+.47 p < .05
education: 17+ years
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG=+.21 p < .05
sexe:male
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bG=+.22 p < .05
sexe:female


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1977
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =3289

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
18-19 yrs
20-29 yrs
30-39 yrs
40-49 yrs
50-59 yrs
60-69 yrs
70    yrs

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-bD%=+
% very satisfied
18-19: 26% 
20-29: 29%
30-39: 33% 
40-49: 35% 
50-59: 36% 
60-69: 46% 
70   : 57%
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=+.14 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=+.16 p < .01
rpc controlled for: Income
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKennedy & Mehra (1985): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleEffects of Social Change on Well-Being: Boom and Bust in a Western Canadian City.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 17, 101 - 113
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00302416
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977-1984
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3440

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 107
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age groups:
- 17-25
- 26-45
- 45+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bDMt=+
           17-25       26-45    45+    All 

1977      Mt = 8.5     8.9     8.8     8.8
1978      Mt = 9.0     9.1     9.1     9.1
1979      Mt = 8.5     8.8     9.4     9.0
1980      Mt = n.a.    n.a.    n.a.    n.a.
1981      Mt = 9.0     8.9     9.0     9.0
1982      Mt = 8.5     8.9     9.0     8.8
1983      Mt = 8.5     9.0     9.4     9.0
1984      Mt = 9.0     8.7     8.9     8.8
All years      8.7     8.9     9.1     8.9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBlishen & Atkinson (1980): study CA 1977
TitleAnglophone and Francophone Perceptions of the Quality of Life in Canada.
SourceSzalai, A.; Andrews, F.; Eds.:" The Quality of Life, Comparative Studies.", Sage, 1980, London, 25 - 40
PublicAdults, general public, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3288

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 31
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-24
2: 25-34
3: 35-44
4: 45-54
5: 55-64
6: 65>

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-br=+.06
18-24         Mt' = 7.60       SD = 1.54
25-34         Mt' = 7.63       SD = 1.75
35-44         Mt' = 7.68       SD = 1.73
45-54         Mt' = 7.71       SD = 1.77
55-64         Mt' = 7.58       SD = 2.21
65 >          Mt' = 8.19       SD = 1.86

Unaffected by income.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1974
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1974
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1234

Correlate
Author's labelAge in years
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
18-19 
20-29 
30-39 
40-49
50-59
60-69 
70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dD%=
% very satisfied
18-19: 34
20-29: 33
30-39: 28
40-49: 30
50-59: 36
60-69: 41
70-  : 47
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=+.12 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=+.16 p < .01
rpc controlled for: Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1968
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1968
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2734

Correlate
Author's labelAge in years
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1:20-29 (born 1939- 1948)
2:30-39 (born 1929- 1938)
3:40-49 (born 1919- 1928)
4:50-59 (born 1909- 1918)
5:60-69 (born 1899- 1908)
6:70    (born 1889- 1898)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-aD%=+
% very satisfied
- 20-29: 43
- 30-39: 33
- 40-49: 32
- 50-59: 34
- 60-69: 42
- 70+  : 60
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .01
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=+.18 p < .01
rpc controled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBeiser (1974): study CA 1963
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
Sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 325
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
18-35 / 36-64 / 65+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-ar= ns
Non-significant for both the Index of Positive 
Affects and the Index of Negative Effects.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Chile, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
2       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
3       M=3.05     Mt=6.8
4       M=2.98     Mt=6.6
5       M=2.93     Mt=6.4
6       M=2.73     Mt=5.8
7       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .88      Mt=5.9
2       M=1.11      Mt=6.1
3       M=1.04      Mt=6.0
4       M=1.12      Mt=6.1
5       M=1.28      Mt=6.3
6       M= .95      Mt=6.0
7       M=1.44      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.17      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.72      Mt=7.5
3       M=7.58      Mt=7.3
4       M=7.84      Mt=7.6
5       M=7.98      Mt=7.8
6       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
7       M=8.67      Mt=8.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.06 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.15 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
M = 48.15

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.05 p < .01
age
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
age square

B's controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.05 p < .01
age
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
age square

B's additionally controlled for:
 -homeownership property status
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.06 p < .01
age
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
age square

B's additionally controlled for:
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.05 p < .01
age
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
age square

B's additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.05 p < .01
age
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
age square

B's additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.05 p < .01
age
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 p < .01
age square

B's additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyChen (2013): study CN 2009
TitlePerceived Discrimination and Subjective Well-Being among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceJournal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 2013, Vol. 40, 131- 156
Public18+ aged general public, China, 2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response1413
Respondents N =2733

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 142, 149
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionM= 41.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.01 p < .NS
URBAN RESIDENTS         (N=983)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.01 p < .05
RURAL-RO-URBAN MIGRANTS (N=555)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.00 ns
RURAL RESIDENTS         (N=1195)

B's controlled for:
- ethnic discimination
- gender
- marital status
- ethnic minority
- education 
- employment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyWang et al. (2013): study CN 2008
TitleHappiness and Job Satisfaction in Urban China: A Comparative Study of Two Generations of Migrants and Urban Locals.
SourceDiscussion Paper No. 08-13, 2013, Monash University, Department of Economics, USA
Public19+ aged, general public, China, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5395

Correlate
Author's labelAge and age squared
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: Age in years
0: Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.02 p < .01
AGE                       
Full sample               (N=5395)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.01 p < .10
First-generation migrants (N=2213)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.01 ns
New-generation migrants   (N=444)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.03 p < .01
Urban locals              (N=2738)
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
AGE SQUARED
Full sample
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .05
First-generation migrants
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=-.00 ns
New-generation migrants
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-hb=+.00 p < .01
Urban locals

B's controlled for:
- gender
- years of education
- marital status
- health status
- having children
- hourly income
- region of residence
- surface area of house
- number of friends
- perceived recent change in social class
- job satisfaction

Full sample is additionally controlled for migrant 
status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelAge cohort
Page in Source 215,210
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age cohort
   20-29  (reference group)
1. 30-39
2. 40-49
3. 50-59
4. 60-69

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.72 ns
Age 30-39  (vs 20-29)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.64 p < .05
Age 40-49  (vs 20-29)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.71 ns
Age 50-59  (vs 20-29)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.98 ns
Age 60-69  (vs 20-29)
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.17 ns
Age 30-39  (vs 20-29)
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.98 ns
Age 40-49  (vs 20-29)
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.24 ns
Age 50-59  (vs 20-29)
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.94 ns
Age 60-69  (vs 20-29)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.16 ns
Age 30-39  (vs 20-29)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=0.86 ns
Age 40-49  (vs 20-29)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.1 ns
Age 50-59  (vs 20-29)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.08 ns
Age 60-69  (vs 20-29)
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.04 ns
Age 30-39  (vs 20-29)
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.16 ns
Age 40-49  (vs 20-29)
Subgroup value is lower.
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.06 ns
Age 50-59  (vs 20-29)
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.20 ns
Age 60-69  (vs 20-29)
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
OR and B are versus reference group.

OR and B controled for
- gender
- education
- marital status
- household income
- unemployement
- urban residency
- domain satisfaction
- value priorities
- lifestyle
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
For a subgroup of 87% of respondents with at least 
one positive experience of happiness, enjoyment 
and accomplishment, OR and B values are higher 
unless stated otherwise.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyXiao & Li (2011): study CN 2005
TitleSustainable Consmuption and Life Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 323 -329
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/226764459_Sustainable_Consumption_and_Life_Satisfaction
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9746-9
PublicGeneral public, 14 cities, China, 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response151
Respondents N =3372

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 326-327
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on age:
1: younger than 20 years old
2 :20 to 24
3
4
5
6
7
8
9: 55 to 59
10: 60 or older

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-eb=+.01 ns
B controlled for:
-Green lifestyle intention
-Green purchase intention
-Green purchase behavior
-Gender
-Education
-Family income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMonk-Turner & Turner (2010): study CN Yunnan 2003
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Those who Exchange Sex and Money, Yunnan, China and Thailand.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 99, 13 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9568-9
Public18+ aged, Yunnan region, China, 2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =3641

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 18
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years.
Observed distributionM = 33.66, SD = 7.82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-bOLRC=0.99 ns
OLRC controlled for:
- years of education
- income rank
- HIV positive
- marital status
- current drug use
- sex
- feeling part of the community
- job condition


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
The age of the respondent
Observed distributionMean=39.11 (SD=13.90) in a range of 18-88.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=-.02 p < .001
b(-.0198) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1194, 1195
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared
Observed distributionM=43.3 SD=11.73

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=-.02 p < .01
AGE
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.00 p < .01
AGE SQUARED

B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Gender
  d) Marital status
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Communist Party Member
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Surface of house
- City characteristics
  l) GDP per capita  
  m) Population growth
  n) City size
  o) Region in country
  p) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants
  r) Between-group inequality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared
Observed distributionM=45.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.06 p < .01
AGE
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.00 p < .01
AGE SQUARED
OPRC's controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Unemployed
- Gender
- Marital status
- Sociability
- Dependent relatives
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Health
- Medical insurance
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Hukou location
- Province


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyZhang & Liu (2007): study CN 2002
TitleChildlessness, Psychlogical Well-being and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in China
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 2007, 22:185-203
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10823-007-9037-3
Public65+ aged, China, 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13447

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 193
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=+.01 p < .01
B controlled for 
- gender 
- education
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=+.01 p < .01
B additionally controlled for 
- residence
- living arrangements
- access to pension 
- access to medical services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelAge (groups)
Page in Source 138, 146, 147.
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age groups
a: 65-79 (Reference group)
b: 80-90
c: 90-100
d: 100+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=
Individual happiness by age

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate

-individual characteristics:
 -Living arrangement
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.07 p < .01
b: 80-90 (OPRC = +0,0665)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.18 p < .01
c: 90-100 (OPRC = +0,178)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.30 p < .01
d: 100+ (OPRC = +0,304)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+aged, general public, China, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M= .98      Mt=6.0
2       M=1.69      Mt=6.7
3       M=1.67      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.51      Mt=6.5
5       M=1.18      Mt=6.2
6       M= .79      Mt=5.8
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=2.89     Mt=6.3
2       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=2.88     Mt=6.3
5       M=2.72     Mt=5.7
6       M=3.18     Mt=7.3
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPrizmic-Larsen et al. (2009): study HR 2005
TitleWhat to Do and not to Do to be Happy and Satisfied? Affect Regulations Strategies and Well-Being in a Representative Sample of Croatia.
SourceFreire, T.;Ed.. :"Understanding Positive Life Research and Practice on Positive Psychology", Climepsi, 2009, Lisabon, Portugal, 213 - 226
PublicAdults, general public, Croatia, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response31%
Respondents N =900

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 217, 220
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
not reported
Observed distributionMedian:42 years; Range: 18-92 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aaBeta=-.08 ns
Females
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aaBeta=-.08 ns
Males 

Beta's controlled for:
- Income
- Other coping style
  - Active distraction
  - Cognitive engagement
  - Behavioral engagement
  - Venting and expressing affect
  - Passive distraction and acceptance
  - Rumination and withdraw
  - Waiting

Note:Same tendency for time being unhappy in 
opposite direction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study CU 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =992

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 378
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 /  30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHnilicova (2003): study CZ 2000
TitleImpact of Social Changes after Year 1989 on the Quality of Life of the Czech People.
SourcePaper presented at the 10th Conference of the ISQLR, 2003, Praque, Czech Republic
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/hnilicova_h_2003.pdf
PublicHealthy men and women, Prague, Czech Republic, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-24
2: 25-34
3: 35-44
4: 45-54
5: 55-64
Observed distributionHappiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-cy-sq-n-7-aDM=+ p < .0,006
             males             females
18-24        5,3-5,4           5,2
25-34        5,0               5,1-5,2
35-44        5,2               4,8-5,0
45-54        5,0-5,1           4,8
55-64        5,1-5,2           4,6-4,7
64 and higer 5,7-5,8           5,3-5,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CZ 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Czechoslovakia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1396

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=6.52      Mt=6.1
2       M=6.02      Mt=5.6
3       M=6.07      Mt=5.6
4       M=6.32      Mt=5.9
5       M=6.63      Mt=6.3
6       M=6.50      Mt=6.1
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M= .84      Mt=5.8
2       M= .56      Mt=5.6
3       M= .77      Mt=5.8
4       M= .83      Mt=5.8
5       M= .86      Mt=5.9
6       M= .63      Mt=5.6
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=2.79     Mt=6.0
2       M=2.63     Mt=5.4
3       M=2.65     Mt=5.5
4       M=2.63     Mt=5.4
5       M=2.64     Mt=5.5
6       M=2.65     Mt=5.5
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.05 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatess.e.=.018

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
Age squared.

Beta's controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGokdemir (2014): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2011
TitleFactors that Influence the Life Satisfaction of Women Living in the Northern Cyprus.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 115, 1071 - 1085
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0265-3#page-1
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-013-0265-3
Public18+ aged women, Northern Cyprus, 2011
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1082
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-acBeta=+.01 ns
Beta controled for:
- religion
- health
- education
- marital status
- household income
- social reference income
- financial status
- paricipation in household expenditure
- being a victim domestic violence
- witnessing domestic violence
- gender discrimination
- employment
- housewife
- perception of government performance
- political preference


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 48
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
years:
1: 18-24
2: 25-34
3: 35-44
4: 45-54
5: 55-64
6: 65-74
7: 75-88
Observed distributionN: 1: 302, 2: 365, 3: 248, 4: 239, 5: 146, 6: 113, 7: 57

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
   unemployed  employed  unemployed employed 
   men(N=54)   men(N=450)women(N=86)women(N=420)  
1: Mt=7.50     8.34      7.09       7.81
2: Mt=7.11     7.85      7.61       7.89
3: Mt=6.61     7.99      7.90       7.89
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.05 p < .04
1: 18-24 Mt=8.03
2: 25-34 Mt=7.71
3: 35-44 Mt=7.76
4: 45-54 Mt=7.65
5: 55-64 Mt=7.78
6: 65-74 Mt:7.53
7: 75-88 Mt:7.59
All      Mt=7,76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
   unemployed  employed  unemployed employed 
   men(N=54    men(N=450)women(N=86)women(N=420)  
1: Mt=6.81     7.65      6.53       7.26
2: Mt=6.15     7.44      7.15       7.54
3: Mt=6.61     7.74      7.10       7.71
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.04 ns
1: 18-24 Mt=7.44
2: 25-34 Mt=7.30
3: 35-44 Mt=7.43
4: 45-54 Mt=7.41
5: 55-64 Mt=7.60
6: 65-74 Mt=7.66
7: 75-88 Mt=7.68
All      Mt=7,44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
   unemployed  employed  unemployed employed 
   men(N=54)   men(N=450)women(86)  women(N=420)  
1: Mt=6.36     Mt=7.00   6.66       7.50
2: Mt=6.54     Mt=6.85   6.86       7.19 
3: Mt=6.18     Mt=7.15   6.50       6.93
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.06 p < .03
1: 18-24 Mt=7.18
2: 25-34 Mt=6.95
3: 35-44 Mt=6.93
4: 45-54 Mt=6.76
5: 55-64 Mt=6.98
6: 65-74 Mt=6.67
7: 75-88 Mt=6.93
All      Mt=6,93


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DK 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.06      Mt=7.1
2       M=1.91      Mt=6.9
3       M=2.01      Mt=7.0
4       M=2.17      Mt=7.2
5       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
6       M=1.96      Mt=7.0
7       M= .39      Mt=5.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.44     Mt=8.1
2       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
3       M=3.40     Mt=8.0
4       M=3.38     Mt=7.9
5       M=3.17     Mt=7.2
6       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
7       M=3.24     Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=8.34      Mt=8.2
2       M=8.27      Mt=8.1
3       M=8.29      Mt=8.1
4       M=8.24      Mt=8.0
5       M=7.61      Mt=7.3
6       M=7.99      Mt=7.8
7       M=7.16      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.06 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study DK 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =767

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatess.e.=.028

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta's controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.02 ns
Age squared.

Beta's controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study DK 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1039

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
15-24 / 25-54 / 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.18
Males   : G' = -.17 (05)
Females : G' = -.19 (ns)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.13
Females : G' = -.17 (05)
Males   : G' = -.10 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Year of birth (young>old)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.12
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's owmn personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, lonelyness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, gets sufficient 
attention, satisfaction with income, gender, no. 
of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study DO 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =814

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 378
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 / 30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study EG 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 1960
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =499

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 378
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 / 30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.03 ns
Gamma based on estimated number of respondents in 
each category.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study EE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1008

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=6.35      Mt=5.9
2       M=5.95      Mt=5.5
3       M=5.83      Mt=5.4
4       M=5.77      Mt=5.3
5       M=5.73      Mt=5.3
6       M=4.91      Mt=4.3
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M= .96      Mt=6.0
2       M= .64      Mt=5.6
3       M= .81      Mt=5.8
4       M= .71      Mt=5.7
5       M= .65      Mt=5.7
6       M= .64      Mt=5.7
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=2.67     Mt=5.6
2       M=2.63     Mt=5.4
3       M=2.55     Mt=5.2
4       M=2.49     Mt=5.0
5       M=2.42     Mt=4.7
6       M=2.55     Mt=5.2
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.12 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.08 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.08 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.13 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.11 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.05 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study EE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =816

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported
Error Estimatess.e.=.026

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
Age squared.

Beta's controlled for:
- life situation
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMatikka & Ojanen (2002): study FI 1994
TitleHappiness in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities.
SourcePaper 2002, FAMR Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matikka_lm_2002.pdf
Public18-77 aged intellectually disabled, Finland, 1994-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =376

Correlate
Author's labelAge group
Page in Source 16
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-29 years
2: 30-39
3: 40-49
4: 50-59
5: 60-77
Observed distributionM=40.2(SD=11.8) 1: 77(20%), 2: 109(29%), 3: 109(29), 4: 59(16%), 5: 21(6%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aChi▓=+2,7 p < .61
%happy
1: 88 
2: 83 
3: 87 
4: 83 
5: 76
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBMCT= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aChi▓=+1.2 p < .23
mean age:
happy=40 years, Unhappy:42 years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FI 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Finland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =588

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
2       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
3       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
4       M=2.92     Mt=6.4
5       M=3.14     Mt=7.1
6       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
6       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
7       M=3.16     Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=7.74      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.64      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
4       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
5       M=7.94      Mt=7.7
6       M=8.00      Mt=7.8
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=1.36      Mt=6.4
2       M= .85      Mt=5.8
3       M=1.21      Mt=6.2
4       M=1.34      Mt=6.3
5       M=1.85      Mt=6.8
6       M=1.15      Mt=6.2
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.74      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
3       M=1.67      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.79      Mt=6.8
5       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
6       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
7       M= .79      Mt=5.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.44      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.38      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
5       M=7.78      Mt=7.5
6       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
7       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.09 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKoivumaa-Honkanen (1998): study FI 1975
TitleLife Satisfaction as a Health Predictor.
SourceDoctoral Dissertation, University of Turku, 1998, Finland (Kuopio University Publications D. Medical Sciences 143)
Public18-64 aged adult twin pairs, Finland, 1975
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response271
Respondents N =29444

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
0:Age 18-24
1:Age 25-34
2:Age 35-44
3:Age 45-54
4:Age 55-64
Observed distribution0=28.9%, 1=31.1%, 2=17.9%, 3=14.0%, 4=8.1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jDM=
0:M=3.88, Mt=7.20
1:M=3.97, Mt=7.43
2:M=3.86, Mt=7.15
3:M=3.72, Mt=6.80
4:M=3.62, Mt=6.55


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Year of birth (young>old)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.15
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's owmn personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, lonelyness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, gets sufficient 
attention, satisfaction with income, gender, no. 
of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHabich & Noll (2004): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleObjektive Lebensbedingungen und subjektives Wohlbefinden im vereinten Deutschland. (Objective Living Conditions and Subjective Wellbeing in United Germany).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Ed.: "Datenreport 2004", Bundeszentrale fŘr politische Bildung, 2004, Bonn, Gemany, 457 - 575
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 1984-2003
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16698

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 572
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 17-59 years
2 60-64 years
3 65-69 years
4 70-74 years
5 75-79 years
6 80-99 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=▒
East Germany 2002

1 17-59 years M=6,4
2 60-64 years M=6,4
3 65-69 years M=6,4
4 70-74 years M=6,5
5 75-79 years M=6,3
6 80-99 years M=6,3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=▒
West Germany 2002

1 17-59 years M=7,0
2 60-64 years M=7,0
3 65-69 years M=7,1
4 70-74 years M=7,1
5 75-79 years M=7,1
6 80-99 years M=6,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHabich & Noll (2004): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleObjektive Lebensbedingungen und subjektives Wohlbefinden im vereinten Deutschland. (Objective Living Conditions and Subjective Wellbeing in United Germany).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Ed.: "Datenreport 2004", Bundeszentrale fŘr politische Bildung, 2004, Bonn, Gemany, 457 - 575
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 1984-2003
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16698

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 573
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 17-59 years
2 60-74 years
3 75-99 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=▒
East Germany      1992     2002
1 17-59 years     5,9      6,4
2 60-74 years     6,4      6,4
3 75-99 years     6,5      6,4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=▒
West Germany     1984     1991    2002
1 17-59 years     7,4      7,3     7,0
2 60-74 years     7,5      7,5     7,0
3 75-99 years     7,2      7,1     6,8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHabich & Noll (2004): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleObjektive Lebensbedingungen und subjektives Wohlbefinden im vereinten Deutschland. (Objective Living Conditions and Subjective Wellbeing in United Germany).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Ed.: "Datenreport 2004", Bundeszentrale fŘr politische Bildung, 2004, Bonn, Gemany, 457 - 575
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 1984-2003
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16698

Correlate
Author's labelPopulation group
Page in Source 561
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 adolescents 17-25 years
2 adults 26+ years
3 adults 26-60 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dD%=-
1991     %unsatisfied      %satisfied
17-25y.  7                 85
26+ y.   8                 79
26-60 y. 8                 79
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dD%=-
1995
17-25y.  7                 83
26+ y.   10                75
26-60 y. 10                75
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dD%=▒
1999
17-25y.  6                 87
26+ y.   10                77
26-60 y. 10                78
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dD%=▒
2002
17-25y.   5                84
26+ y.    9                77
26-60 y. 10                78


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey & Krause (1994): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleInequalities of Income, Health and Happiness: The Stratification Paradigm and Alternatives.
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =9114

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 22
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.04
1984 raw correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.05
1984 disattenuated correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.02
1991 raw correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.03
1991 disattenuated correlation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Disattenuated correlations are obtained by 
assuming validity coefficients of 1.0 for age and 
0.8 for happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source xx
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.05 p < .01
Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.52 p < .01
Age squared
When trait-happiness is also controled B=-.16

B's controled for:
- education
- household income
- position in the household
- employment
- country of origin
- time (dummy for wave of panel)
and additionally for:
- trait-happiness (average over all 14 waves)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGerlach & Stephan (1996): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleA Paper on Unhappiness and Unemployment in Germany.
SourceEconomics Letters, 1996, Vol. 52, 325 - 330
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165176596008580
Public16-65 aged, general public, Germany, followed from 1984 to1993
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54066

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 326
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 <30
2 30-49
3 >49
Observed distributionN: <30 = 15979; 30-49 = 23124; >49 = 14963

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
         Males       Females
         M    SD     M    SD
<30      7,3  1,8    7,3  1,8
30-49    7,3  1,8    7,2  1,8
>49      7,3  1,9    7,2  2,0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage later in life
Page in Source 27
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Follow-up of people who over a period of 17 years:
a: remained married
b: remained single (never married)
c: got married for the first time
Marital status assessed every year
Remarks
Not all Ss are followed all 17 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=+
People who marry later in life were initially more 
happy than never marrieds who remain single.

This difference in initial happiness varies with 
age. It is largest around age 25 does not appear 
around age 30.

Ma controled for:
- sex
- age
- education level
- parenthood
- household income
- household size
- position in household
- employment
- place of residence
- citizenship status (migrant or not)

Happiness in the first 3 years of marriage left 
out from this analysis, in order to avoid a 
'honeymoon effect'.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Remarks
Only Ss aged 20 t0 60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=
Happiness follows a U-shaped pattern over the life 
time, declining from young young adulthood and 
rising after middle age.

This pattern is similar for steadily married and 
never married Ss

Steady singles are about one point less happy over 
the ages 20 to 50 but around age 60 they get 
equally happy as steadily marrieds.

Ma controled for:
- education
- parenthood
- household income
- household size
- position in household
- employment
- place of residence
- citizenship status (migrant or not)

Mean happiness reflects both change over time (of 
the same subjects) and differences in age at the 
start of this panel.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 737/41
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.15 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.03 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=-.01 ns
Males  : G'= +.06 (05)    _c'= +.03 (ns)

Females: G'= -.14 (01)    _c'= -.07 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.09 p < .01
males  : G'= -.06 (05)   _c'= -.03 (ns)

females: G'= -.21 (01)   _c'= -.19 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGlatzer & Volkert (1980): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleLebensbedingungen und Lebensqualitńt alter Menschen. (Living Conditions and the Quality of Life of the Elderly).
SourceZeitschrift fŘr Gerontologie, 1980, Vol. 13, 247 - 260
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1957

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 254
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 Young (18-26)                       2 Middle (30-37)  
                    3 Transitory (58-68)                
  4 Old (68+)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baDMt=+
Young       Mt = 7.6
Middle      Mt = 7.9
Transitory  Mt = 7.7
Old         Mt = 8.1
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bD%= -
                 % very happy    % very unhappy
Young            20%             2%
Middle           19%             4%
Transitory       21%             8%
Old              20%             9%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHabich (2002): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleImmer mehr fŘr immer mehr. Anmerkungen zur Wohlfahrts forschung in vergleichenden Perspective. (Ever more for Ever more: Welfare Development in a Comparative Perpective).
SourceGlatzer, W.; et al; Eds.: "Sozialer Wandel und Gesellschaftliche Dauernbeobachtung" , Leske & Budrich, 2002, Germany, 199 - 209
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 1978 - 2001.
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =20000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 205
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-34
2: 35-59
3: 60+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
WEST   
Males           18-34  35-59   60+
1978   M =      7,65   7,83    8,13
1980   M =      7,63   7,61    8,15
1984   M =      7,68   7,70    8,02
1988   M =      7,73   7,89    8,01
1990   M =       -       -      -
1993   M =      8,00   7,82    7,88
1998   M =      7,66   7,71    8,00
1999   M =      7,81   7,71    7,88
2001   M =      7,35   7,64    7,69

Females         
1978   M =      7,84   7,86    7,88
1980   M =      7,70   7,74    7,62
1984   M =      7,96   7,79    7,39
1988   M =      8,07   7,98    7,83 
1990   M =       -      -       -
1993   M =      8,01   7,99    7,75
1998   M =      7,67   7,74    7,67
1999   M =      7,77   7,84    7,63
2001   M =      7,50   7,76    7,53
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
EAST   
Males           18-34  35-59   60+
1990   M =      6,90   6,63    6,79
1993   M =      7,28   6,70    6,79  
1998   M =      7,00   6,96    7,85
1999   M =      7,62   6,94    7,82
2001   M =      6,51   6,94    7,14

Females  
1990   M =      6,72   6,23    6,59
1993   M =      6,98   6,69    7,00
1998   M =      7,52   7,23    7,45
1999   M =      7,42   6,80    7,05
2001   M =      6,83   6,73    7,16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1976 /2
TitlePolitik und GlŘck. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public14+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1976
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7965

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 220
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 14 - 29
2 30 - 44
3 45 - 59 
4 60 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=-.33 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btc=-.20 p < .01
% happy face:
- 14 - 29        82%
- 30 - 44        79%
- 45 - 59        70%
- 60 >           58%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study XZ Germany West 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1039

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
15-24 / 25-54 / 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.02
Males   : G' = +.31 (01)
Females : G' = -.47 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.03
Males   : G' = +.27 (05)
Females : G' = -.31 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973 /6
TitlePolitik und GlŘck. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1041

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 358
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 21 - 29
2 30 - 59
3 60 >

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=-.36 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btc=-.20 p < .01
enough leisure time
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=-.18 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btc=-.09 p < .01
not enough leisure time


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNeuberger & Allerbeck (1978): study XZ Germany West 1970
TitleMessung und Analyse von Arbeitszufriedenkeit. (Measurement and Analysis of Satisfaction with Work).
SourceHans Huber Verlag, 1978, Bern, Switzerland
PublicEmployees, industry or service sector, Austria and West germany, ▒1970
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 99
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<20     years
21-30   years
31-40   years
41-50   years
  >50   years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-sq-f-7-aE▓=-.07 p < .01
<20 years       M=5.35  Mt=7.25
21-30           M=5.03  Mt=6.72
31-40           M=4.96  Mt=6.60
41-50           M=4.93  Mt=6.55
  >50           M=4.92  Mt=6.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study XZ Germany West 1957
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1957
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =480

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 378
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 / 30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study XZ Germany West 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =3341

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 156
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 21-29
2 30-49
3 50-65
4 over 65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.06 p < .01
1                             M'=1.62  Mt'=3.1  
2                                1.58      2.9
3                                1.54      2.7
4                                1.51      2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.10 p < .01
                       
                               


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=1.44      Mt=6.4
2       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
3       M= .99      Mt=6.0
4       M=1.21      Mt=6.2
5       M=1.37      Mt=6.4
6       M= .69      Mt=5.7
7       M=-.04      Mt=5.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
2       M=3.26     Mt=7.5
3       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
4       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
5       M=3.13     Mt=7.1
6       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
7       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.71      Mt=6.3
2       M=7.17      Mt=6.9
3       M=6.34      Mt=5.9
4       M=6.27      Mt=5.9
5       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
6       M=6.86      Mt=6.5
7       M=6.88      Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.08 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.09 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 215/9
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.09 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.09 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.05 p < .01
Males  : G'=+.22 (01) _c'=+.12 (01)
Females: G'=+.03 (ns) _c'=+.02 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.06 p < .01
males  : G'=-.02 (ns)  _c'=-.01 (ns)
females: G'=-.17 (010  _c'=-.10 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study FR 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, France, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1196

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
15-24 / 25-54 / 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.11
Males   : G' = +.27 (01)
Females : G' = +.02 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.12
Males   : G' = +.01 (ns)
Females : G' = -.23 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyClement (1980): study FR 1975
TitleDe la Variation de Quelques Traits de PersonalitÚ en Fonction, notamment, de l'Age, du Sexe et du Niveau Intellectuel. (The Variation of Certain Personality Traits in Relation to Age, Sex, and Intelligent Level).
SourcePsychologie Francaise, 1980, Vol. 25, 95 - 113
Public29-88 aged women, upper middle class, France, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1145

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 100
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
< 39
40-49
50-59
60-69
70 >

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SP-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=+
< 39       Mt'= 6,43
40-49      Mt'= 6,46
50-59      Mt'= 6,52
60-69      Mt'= 6,71
70 >       Mt'= 6,81
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=-
< 39       Mt'=7,85
40-49      Mt'=8,07
50-59      Mt'=7,75
60-69      Mt'=7,58
70 >       Mt'=6,81
M-FH-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=-
< 39       Mt'= 6,85
40-49      Mt'= 7,25
50-59      Mt'= 7,02
60-69      Mt'= 6,88
70 >       Mt'= 6,56
M-FH-u-sq-ol-9-ar=-.16 p < .001
O-SP-u-sq-ol-9-ar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-ar=-.11 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study FR 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, France, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 147
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 21-29
2 30-49
3 50-65
4 over 65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.13 p < .01
1                             M'=1.43  Mt'=2.1
2                                1.38      1.9
3                                1.27      1.3
4                                1.26      1.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.21 p < .01
                       
                               


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft fŘr Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 14- 19 years
2: 20-29 years
3: 30-45 years
4: 46-60 years
5: over 60 years
Observed distribution1: 184, 2: 359, 3: 628, 4: 688, 5: 293

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+/-
14-19: M = 7.0
20-29: M = 7.0
30-45: M = 6.9
46-60: M = 7.2
60+:   M = 7.4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNoll & Weick (2015): study DE 2010
TitleConsumption Expenditures and Subjective Well-Being: Emperical Evidence from Germany
SourceInternational Review of Economics, 2015, Vol. 62, 101 - 119
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s12232-015-0219-3
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2010
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =30000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source Table 4, 5
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on current age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.04 p < .001
AGE
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.04 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Total household consumption expenditures (ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.04 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Household net income(ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.05 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Household net income(ln)
-Total household consumption expenditures(ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=-.05 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Expenditures in 11 categories
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=+.05 p < .001
AGE SQUARED
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=+.05 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Total household consumption expenditures(ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=+.05 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Household net income(ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=+.05 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Household net income(ln)
-Total household consumption expenditures(ln)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bdb=+.05 p < .001
B specially controlled for
-Expenditures in 11 categories

All the above B's controlled for
-Region in Germany
-Marital status
-Education
-Employment status
-Self-rated health status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKnabe et al. (2009): study DE 2008
TitleDissatisfied with Life, but Having a Good Day: Time-Use and Well-Being of the Unemployed.
SourceCES/IFO Working Paper no. 2604, CES, 2009, Munich, Germany.
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ces/ceswps/_2604.html
PublicFulltime employed and long-term unemployed, Germany, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 21
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-Years of age
-Years of age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbb=-.13 p < .10
Age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbb=+.00 p < .10
Age squared
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-ab=-.12 p < .10
Age
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-ab=+.00 p < .10
Age squared

B's are controlled for: 
- employment status in week and weekend
- income
- cohabiting
- education
- health satisfaction
- children
- general goodness of previous day 
- goodness of health and work on previous day

B -.134 and B +.001 (age squared) mean that 
happiness decreases up to age 67 and increases 
thereafter on the happiness scale 0-10.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKrause (2013): study DE 2007
TitleDon't Worry, be Happy? Happiness and Reemployment.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2013, Vol. 96, 1 - 20
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
Public16+ aged, recently fallen unemployed, Germany, 2007-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2542

Correlate
Author's labelAge and age squared
Page in Source 5, 7
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared
Observed distributionM=38.2; SD=9.87

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.10 p < .05
AGE IN YEARS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.10 p < .05
AGE SQUARED

B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) gender
  b) disabled
  c) marital status
  d) having a partner
  e) employment status spouse
  f) employment status partner
  g) (number of) children in household
  h) education
  i) migrant status
  j) wage in last job
  k) duration of last job
  l) unemployment benefits
  m) reason of termination of last job
- Environmental characteristics:
  n) national unemployment rate
  o) region/state in Germany
- Interview-specific characteristics:
  p) interview cohort
  q) time between unemployment entry and


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNesterko et al. (2013): study DE 2006
TitleLife Satisfaction and Health-Related Quality of Life in Immigrants and Native-Born Germans: The Role of Immigration-Related Factors
SourceQuality of Life Research, 22, 1005-1013
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11136-012-0239-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2006
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =21079

Correlate
Author's labelAge group
Page in Source 1006, 1009, 1011
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age groups:
1) 17-30 years old
2) 31-65 years old
3) 66-97 years old
Observed distribution1) 51.5%, 2) 39.1%, 3) 9.4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=-
            17-30 years 31-65 years 66-97 years
17-30 years  Ma=7.24
31-65 years    0.44      Ma=6.80 
66-97 years    0.55        0.11      Ma=6.69
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dE▓=.006
Ms and eta squared controlled for:
- immigrant background
- gender
- age*gender
- immigration background*age group
- immigration background*gender*age group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNesterko et al. (2013): study DE 2006 /1
TitleLife Satisfaction and Health-Related Quality of Life in Immigrants and Native-Born Germans: The Role of Immigration-Related Factors
SourceQuality of Life Research, 22, 1005-1013
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11136-012-0239-y
Public16+ aged migrants, Germany, 2006
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2971

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1008, 1009, 1011
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionMean not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dE▓=.015
Eta squared controlled for:
- gender
- length of time living in Germany
- gender*length of time living in Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dE▓=.021
Eta squared controlled for:
- gender
- possession of German citizenship
- gender*possession of German citizenship


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2004
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22012

Correlate
Author's labelAge and age squared
Page in Source 508
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.05 p < .01
AGE
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.06 p < .01
In East-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 p < .01
AGE SQUARED
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 p < .01
In East-Germany

B's controlled for:
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) perceived local safety
  b) neighbourhood status
  c) social contact with neighbours
  d) rate of removal
  e) urbanization
- personal characteristics
  a) conscientiousness
  b) extraversion
  c) agreeableness
  d) neuroticism
  e) external locus of control
  f) internal locus of control
  g) status compared to others in neighbourhood
  h) openness
  i) nationality
  j) gender
  k) household income
  l) education
  m) marital status
  n) mental health
  o) physical health
  p) having children

East-Germany is the former communist German 
Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 
with West-Germany.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPfeifer (2013): study DE 2003
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Consumption Values of Partners and Friends: Empirical Evidence from German Panel Survey Data.
SourceEconomics Bulletin, 2013, Vol. 33, 3131 - 3142
URLhttp://econpapers.repec.org/article/eblecbull/eb-13-00787.htm
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 5 years, 2003-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9972

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source Table 2
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age (in years)
Observed distributionM=45,9; SD=12,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=-.02 ns
Age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.03 p < .05
Age squared/100

b's controlled for:
- marital status
- number of close friends
- household income
- number of persons in household
- german citizenship
- subjective health-status
- employment status
- educational career
- year dummy 2008
- regions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNoll & Weick (2004): study DE 2002
TitleVerluste an Lebensqualitńt im Alter vor allem immaterieller Art. (Loss of Quality of Life for Elderly, Particularly by Immaterial Causes).
SourceISI Bulletin, 2004, Vol. 31, 7 - 11
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =28892

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 10
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
groups:
1: 17-59 years
2: 60-64 years
3: 65-69 years
4: 70-74 years
5: 75-79 years
6: 80-99 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=▒
                Eastern G.       Western G.
1 17-59 years   6,4              7,0
2 60-64 years   6,4              7,0
3 65-69 years   6,4              7,1
4 70-74 years   6,5              7,1
5 75-79 years   6,3              7,0
6 80-99 years   6,5              6,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKoch et al. (2005): study DE 2002
TitleWorkfare: M÷glichkeiten und Grenzen. (Workfare: Possibilities and Limitations).
SourceIAB Discusdsion Paper no. 17/2005, NŘrnberg, Germany
URLhttps://www.econstor.eu/dspace/bitstream/10419/31924/1/498010902.PDF
Public18-65 aged, on low wage or on social security, Germany, 2002-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2568

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 29
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.06 p < .00
Years of age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 p < .01
Age squared

B's controlled for: 
- Employment status, social assistence
- Net household income
- Net household income per head
- Nationality (German, not German)
- Years of education in school and occupation
- Living together with a partner
- Satisfaction with health
- Level of being unfit for work activity
- Region (West, East)
- Year (2002, 2003)

Robust OLS. Ordered Probit analysis yiels similar 
result


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGray (2014): study DE 2002
TitleFinancial Concerns and Overall Life Satisfaction: A Joint Modelling Approach.
SourceSheffield Economic Research Paper Series, 2014, No. 2014008
URLhttps://www.sheffield.ac.uk/economics/research/serps/articles/2014_008
PublicHeads of households, Germany, 2002
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =7712

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 25,27
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
in years
Observed distributionM = 51,992 SD = 15,227

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.03 ns
FIXED EFFECTS analysis

Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.07 p < .01
Age squared
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.03 p < .05
BIVARIATE analysis (Joint modelling of Life 
satisfaction and Financial concerns)

Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.03 p < .01
Age squared

OPRCs controlled for:
- financial situation
  - financial concerns
  - total assets
  - household income
  - debt
  - net wealth
- social situation
  - marital status
  - household size
  - employment
  - education
- health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study DE 2002
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9958

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 16
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.65 p < .001
Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.06 p < .001
Age squared
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
B controlled for
- equivalised income
- net worth
- equivalised consumption
- gender
- partnered
- education
- in working force
- unemployed
- bad health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyErlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002
TitleNowhere Better Than Here? The Subjective Well-Being of German Emigrants and Remigrants.
SourceComparative Population Studies-Zeitschrift fŘr Bev÷lkerungswissenschaft, 2011, Vol. 36, 899 -926
URLhttp://www.comparativepopulationstudies.de/index.php/CPoS/article/view/80
Public15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11096

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 911, 916, 918
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared
Observed distributionM=48.3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.04 p < .00
AGE
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.00 p < .01
AGE^2

B's controlled for:
- immigration status
- age^2
- gender
- education
- employment
- friends
- partner
- children
- health
- general trustfullness
- satisfaction with democracy
- frequency of praying
- income

Similar results are observed for happiness-measure 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelLog (age)
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
in years
Observed distributionM = 42,484 SD = 11,962

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-4.5 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - financial situation
  - gender
  - education
  - household size
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - nationality
- personality traits
- accomodation
- absolute lack of
  - facilities (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables   (car, telephone, etc)
  - health     (bad health, disabled etc)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-4.7 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- relative (instead of absolute) lack of
  - income
  - savings
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-4.5 p < .01
B controlled for:
- general characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

All Bs based on Probit adapted OLS. Random effects 
model


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelLog (age) squared
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.59 p < .01
B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - financial situation
  - gender
  - education
  - household size
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - nationality
- personality traits
- accomodation
- absolute lack of
  - facilities (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables   (car, telephone, etc)
  - health     (bad health, disabled etc)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.63 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- relative (instead of absolute) lack of 
  - income
  - savings
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.59 p < .01
B controlled for:
- general characteristics
- personality traits
- absolute lack
- relative lack

All Bs based on Probit adapted OLS. Random effects 
model


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged general public, Germany, followed 7 years, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27249

Correlate
Author's labelAge and age squared
Page in Source 510
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=
AGE IN YEARS
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=
In East-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=
AGE SQUARED
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=
In East-Germany

B's controlled for:
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a)rate of people moving out the neighbourhood
  b)status of neighbourhood
- status relative to others in neighbourhood
- nationality
- status of neighbourhood
- income
- education
- marital status
- having children
- health
- city size
- survey year

East-Germany is the former communist German 
Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 
with West-Germany.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKnabe & Rńtzel (2010): study DE 1999
TitleIncome, Happiness, and the Disutility of Labor.
SourceEconomics Letters, 2010, Vol. 107, 77 - 79
URLhttp://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/28101/1/608759643.PDF
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.econlet.2009.12.032
Public18-65 aged working couples, Germany, followed 7 years, 1999-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16937

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source Table 2
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
log age)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab-fix=-.67 ns
Women only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab-fix=-1.1 p < .05
Men only

b's based on Probit-adjusted OLS, controlled for:
- age
- own health
- spuces health
- individual fixed effects
- time fixed effects

Unaffected by working hours.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLang (1999): study DE 1997
TitleOstdeutsche Befindlichkeiten ein Jahrzehnt nach der Wende - Ambivalente Spuren des Umbruchs. (Attitudes in East Germany 10 Years after Reunification).
SourceWirtschaft im Wandel, 1999, Vol. 16, 4 - 9
URLhttp://www.iwh-halle.de/d/publik/wiwa/16-99-3.pdf
Public20-24 and 40-44 aged, Germany, 1997
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1639

Correlate
Author's labelAge groups
Page in Source 9
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: age 20-24
2: age 40-44
Observed distributionN = 1: 643, 2: 996

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dD%=-
           Happiness in West Germany   
           %low    %middle  %high
age 20-24:   3      45       52 
age 40-44:   6      52       42
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dD%=-
           Happiness in East Germany  
           %low    %middle  %high
age 20-24:   3      60       37 
age 40-44:   12     68       20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBerger (2009): study DE 1994
TitleMaternal Employment and Happiness: The Effect of Non-Particpation and Part-time Employment on Mothers' Life Satisfaction.
SourceSOEP paper No. 178, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.98011.de/diw_sp0178.pdf
PublicMothers aged 20-65, Germany, followed 14 years, 1994-2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5706

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 7,8,21
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Linear and squared
Observed distributionM = 35,9, SD 6,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.01 ns
AGE LINEAR
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age squared
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- Residual Household Income
- Migration background
- Education
- Person in need of care in the household
- Disabled
- Self-rated health
- East Germany
- Size of the municipality
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.06 ns
AGE SQUARED
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.31 p < .10
B additionally controlled for:
- Residual Household Income
- Migration background
- Education
- Person in need of care in the household
- Disabled
- Self-rated health
- East Germany
- Size of the municipality
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.05
Fixed effects.
B same additional controls as OLS except for age 
and migration background.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMielke (1997): study DE 1990
TitleWohlbefinden und Fitness. Eine empirische Analyse zur Lebens-, Gesundheits- und Freizeitzufriedenheit ńlterer Menschen. (Welfare and Fitness of Elderly).
SourceDissertation, University of Cologne, Medical Faculty, 1997, Germany
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-1991
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Responseonknown
Respondents N =6000

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 32
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
1: 49 or less
2: 50-59
3: 60-69
4: 70-79
5: 80 and older

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-aD%=6
satisfaction with life above 60 years 6% higher 
than in younger groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE East Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1336

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
2       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
3       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
4       M=2.90     Mt=6.3
5       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
6       M=2.84     Mt=6.1
7       M=2.92     Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.75      Mt=6.4
2       M=6.77      Mt=6.4
3       M=6.87      Mt=6.5
4       M=6.34      Mt=5.9
5       M=6.89      Mt=6.5
6       M=6.65      Mt=6.3
7       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.21      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.41      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.54      Mt=6.5
4       M=1.24      Mt=6.2
5       M=1.15      Mt=6.1
6       M= .62      Mt=5.6
7       M=1.08      Mt=6.1
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-atc=-.05 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.00 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 222, 225
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years at T3 (2004)
Remarks
T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.06 p < .001
T3 LEVEL of Happiness

Beta controlled for
-current priorities at T3 for life goals
-gender
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-having a partner
-years of education
-disposable household income
-health disability

Beta very similar for men, women and respondents 
in prime age (25-59).
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.03 p < .01
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness (14 years lag)

Beta controlled for
-average priority at T 1,2,3 for life-goals
-gender
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-life satisfaction at T1 (1990)
-partner in 2004
-years of education
-disposable income
-health disability


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE West Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2201

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
2       M=7.24      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.03      Mt=6.7
5       M=7.29      Mt=7.0
6       M=7.00      Mt=6.7
7       M=6.97      Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.39      Mt=7.1
2       M=7.24      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.03      Mt=6.7
5       M=7.29      Mt=7.0
6       M=7.00      Mt=6.7
7       M=6.97      Mt=6.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.70      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.66      Mt=6.7
3       M=1.70      Mt=7.0
4       M=1.31      Mt=6.3
5       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
6       M= .81      Mt=5.8
7       M= .50      Mt=5.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.70      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.66      Mt=6.7
3       M=1.70      Mt=7.0
4       M=1.31      Mt=6.3
5       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
6       M= .81      Mt=5.8
7       M= .50      Mt=5.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.10     Mt=7.0
2       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
3       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
4       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
5       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
6       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
7       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.10     Mt=7.0
2       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
3       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
4       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
5       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
6       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
7       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.15 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.15 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.05 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.05 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBernheim et al. (2006): study DE 1990
TitleThe Potential of Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) to Reduce Bias in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 227 - 250
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-4755-0
PublicPatients university hospital, Berlin, Germany 1990-2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2584

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 238
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-qBeta=+.21 p < .05
C-BW-c-sq-ol-11-aBeta=+.01 ns
Beta's controled for
-age
-maried stage
-education
-employed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey (2010): study DE 1990
TitleThe Set Point Theory of Well-Being Has Serious Flaws: On the Eve of a Scientific Revolution?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 97, 7 - 21
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9559-x
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 15 years, 1990 - 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7329

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Observed distributionM = 40,06, SD = 21,80
Remarks
Result is for latest year available in 1990 - 2005 
(usually 2005).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.06 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 20, 26, 33, 35
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
number of years since born
Observed distributionN=338757 M=44.84 sd=17.29; Range=86 Min=14 Max=100

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 p < .10
WEST-GERMANY 1988-2007, N=80337
age in years
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 p < .01
REUNITED GERMANY 1994-2007, N=59527

Betaĺs controlled for:
- Marital status
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=0
age squared

Betaĺs controlled for:
- Marital status
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=0 p < .01
age squared


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyWunder et al. (2009): study DE 1986
TitleWell-Being over the Life Span: Semiparametric Evidence from British and German Longitudinal Data.
SourceSOEP paper, No 179, 2009, Berlin, Grmany
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwwpp/dp889.html
Public15+ aged general public, Germany, 1986-2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =33451

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
The smooth functions in Figure show common 
three-phase pattern (observed, solid line). 

In Germany individuals suffer a decrease of about 
0,7 points on 11-point scale between 18 and 52. 
Between 53 and 65 it goes up 0,3 points and 
between 66 and 80 it goes down again with 0,5 
points.

In Britain it goes down 0,4 points on a 7-points 
scale between 18 and 48. Between 49 and 70 it goes 
up 0,7 points and between 71 and 80 it goes down 
again 0,1 points.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFrijters et al. (2004): study DE 1985
TitleInvestigating Patterns and Determinants of Life Satisfaction in Germany following Reunifacation.
SourceThe Journal of Human Resources, 2004, Vol. 39, 649 - 674
Public21-64 aged, general public, Germany, followed 14 years, 1985-1999
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =18350

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 661, 662
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a age in years
b age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBeta=-
AGE
      Males      Females
East: Beta=-.09  Beta=-.10
West: Beta=-.05  Beta=-.04
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBeta=+
AGE squared/100
East: Beta=+.11  Beta=+.12
West: Beta=+.06  Beta=+.04

Beta's controlled for:
- Year
- Foreigner-born
- Marital status
- Death of other family member in last year
- Disabled
- Ln(1+number of days in hospital in last year)
- Number of children
- Had a baby in last year
- Invalid in household
- Years of schooling
- Employed status
- Log household income (post tax)
- Moved home within country in last year
- Moved to West/East Germany following 
reunification
- Live on the border of East and West Germany

Beta of East Germany additionally controlled for :
- Being member of the Communist Party before 
reunification


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGuven (2009b): study DE 1984
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =21000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 49
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.01
B controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force satus 
  - marital status
  - health status
  - number of children
  - education
  - income
  - gender
  - household size
- state
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVendrik & Woltjer (2007): study DE 1984
TitleHappiness and Loss Aversion: Is utility concave or convex in relative income?
SourceJournal of Public Economics, 2007, Vol. 91, 1423 - 1448
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.02.008
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 17 years, 1984-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =102068

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1436
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age (log)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+1.3
b controlled for:
- Household income
- Reference household income
- Unemployment status
- Years of education
- Family composition
- Weekly hours worked


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKozcan (2013): study DE 1984
TitleDoes integration increase life satisfaction?
SourceUnpublished Manuscript (No. 1314). Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
URLhttp://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe1314.pdf
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =71779

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 11-12
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionM=44.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
- Gender
- Marital status
- Years of education
- Employed
- Immigrant status
- Works in occupation of training
- Home ownership
- Household size
- Job insecurity
- Parental education 
- Urban/rural childhood
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPohl (2006): study DE 1984
TitleEmployment Status, Income and the Subjective Well-Being of Immigrants.
SourcePrinceton University, Working Paper, 2006, No. 71087
URLhttp://paa2007.princeton.edu/papers/71087
Public25-65 aged immigrants, Germany, followed yearly 1984-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15790

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 16
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age (in years)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=-.01 ns
Age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=+.00 p < .01
Age squared

OPRC's controlled for:
- Sexe
- Age
- Number of children
- Marital status
- Education level
- Dummy west-germany
- Immigration background
- Employment status
- Income
- Worries
- Health status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFalco et al. (2012): study GH 2004
TitleHeterogeneity in Subjective Wellbeing. An Application to Occupational Allocation in Africa.
SourcePolicy Research Working Paper 6244, Worldbank, 2012, USA
Public15-60 aged, urban population, Ghana, followed 7 years, 2004-2010
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3216

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 43
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Aging years
Remarks
Pooled data T1 to T+4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aOPRC=-.07 p < .01
Age
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aOPRC=+.08 p < .01
Age-squared

OPRCs controled for:
- self-employed, with employee
- earnings (log)
- work conditions
  - hours-squared (log)
  - tenure (log)
  - apprentice
- personal characteristics
  - household assets
  - household head
  - married
  - sexe
  - education-squared (log)
- situation
  - ethnicity (dummy)
  - city (dummy)
  - year (dummy)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySing (2009a): study HK 2006
TitleThe Quallity of Life in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 295 - 335
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9349-x
Public20-69 aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge group
Page in Source 318
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age group:
1: 20-29
2: 30-39
3: 40-49
4: 50-59
5: 60-69

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mD%=-
% happy (very and quite)
age 20-29   63%
age 30-39   53%
age 40-49   48%
age 50-59   44%
age 60-69   38%
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mtc=-.21
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bD%=
% feels happy (often and sometimes)
age 20-29   71%
age 30-39   58%
age 40-49   61%
age 50-59   63%
age 60-69   60%
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-btc=-.06
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cD%=+
% accomplished wants (a great deal and some)
age 20-29   55%
age 30-39   55%
age 40-49   56%
age 50-59   56%
age 60-69   56%
C-W-u-sq-v-4-ctc=+.01
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aDM=
Age 20-29   M = 2,2
age 30-39   M = 1,9
age 40-49   M = 2,0
age 50-59   M = 2,0
age 60-69   M = 1,9
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBMCT=ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study HU 1996
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1996
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3055

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 16
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fb=-1.5 p < .001
Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fb=+.15 p < .001
Age squared
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-f
B controlled for
- equivalised income
- net worth
- equivalised consumption
- gender
- partnered
- education
- in working force
- unemployed
- bad health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLelkes (2002): study HU 1992
TitleTasting Freedom: Happiness, Religion and Economic Transition.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2006, Vol. 59, 173 - 194
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2004.03.016
Public16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1992-1998
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =9167

Correlate
Author's labelAge group
Page in Source 183
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
0: 40-49 years
1: Other
    a: 17-29 years
    b: 30-39 years
    c: 50-62 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.51 p < .01
17-29 YEARS (vs 40-49 years)
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.87 p < .01
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.15 p < .01
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.51 p < .01
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.37 ns)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.86 p < .05
Religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.31 ns)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.53 ns
Religious, excluding new believers
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+1.3 p<.05)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.47 p < .01
Non-religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.37 ns)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.17 ns
30-39 YEARS (vs 40-49 years)
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.47 p < .01
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.03 ns
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.07 p < .01
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.17 ns
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.30 ns)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.48 p < .01
50-62 YEARS (vs 40-49 years)
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.24 p < .10
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.07 p < .01
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.04 p < .10
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.48 p < .01
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=-.24 ns)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=-.09 ns
Religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.92 p<.10)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=-.27 ns
Religious, excluding new believers
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+1.3 p<.05)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.61 p < .01
Non-religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=-.45 p<.05)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+1.0 p < .01
63+ YEARS (vs 40-49 years)
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.95 p < .01
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.15 p < .01
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.15 p < .01
1998
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+1.0 p < .01
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=-.06 ns)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.49 ns
Religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+1.1 p<.10)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+.32 ns
Religious, excluding new believers
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+1.4 p<.05)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-ab=+1.1 p < .01
Non-religious
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a
Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=-.25 ns)

b and Beta control for:
-religious involvement
-employment status
-income
-education level
-age
-gender
-Gypsy ethnicity 
-living in Budapest
-marital status
-number of children

Similar results are obtained when personal income 
is used instead of household income adjusted for 
household size.

Analysis incorporates sampling weights for the 
correction of sampling design (1992) and sample 
fit (1998).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study HU 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.00      Mt=6.0
2       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
3       M= .87      Mt=5.9
4       M= .85      Mt=5.8
5       M= .83      Mt=5.8
6       M= .08      Mt=5.1
7       M= .13      Mt=5.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.47      Mt=6.1
2       M=6.28      Mt=5.9
3       M=5.86      Mt=5.4
4       M=6.06      Mt=5.6
5       M=5.95      Mt=5.5
6       M=5.27      Mt=4.7
7       M=5.29      Mt=4.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.84     Mt=6.1
2       M=2.88     Mt=6.3
3       M=2.66     Mt=5.5
4       M=2.61     Mt=5.4
5       M=2.70     Mt=5.7
6       M=2.52     Mt=5.1
7       M=2.46     Mt=4.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.15 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.12 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.07 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.10 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.07 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IS 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Iceland 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =702

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=7.98      Mt=7.8
2       M=8.11      Mt=7.9
3       M=7.88      Mt=7.6
4       M=7.94      Mt=7.7
5       M=8.03      Mt=7.8
6       M=8.35      Mt=8.2
7       Empty category
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
2       M=3.41     Mt=8.0
3       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
4       M=3.43     Mt=8.1
5       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
6       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
7       Empty category
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=2.54      Mt=7.5
2       M=2.75      Mt=7.8
3       M=2.60      Mt=7.6
4       M=2.42      Mt=7.4
5       M=2.25      Mt=7.2
6       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
7       Empty category
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=0 ns
▀ controlled for sex 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex  
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.11 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLinssen et al. (2011): study IN Orrisa 2008
TitleSubjective Well Being in Rural India: The Curse of Conspicuous Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 101, 57-72
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9635-2
PublicPoor household, rural areas, India, 2008
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =697

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Respondent's age in year
Observed distributionM = 45.43; SD = 11.61

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ab=-.01 p < .05
B controlled for:
-Consumption
 -absolute consumption
 -conspicuous consumption
 -relative consumption
-Village level characteristics
 -average village level consumption
-Individual level characteristic
 -Caste
 -missed days due to health
 -education
 -marital status
 -religion
 -employment status
 -gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 269
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age
Observed distributionM=35.7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.12 p < .05
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.13 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.06      Mt=7.1
2       M=2.44      Mt=7.4
3       M=2.23      Mt=7.2
4       M=2.29      Mt=7.3
5       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
6       M=2.04      Mt=7.0
7       M=2.01      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
5       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
6       M=3.24     Mt=7.5
7       M=3.38     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.73      Mt=7.5
3       M=7.57      Mt=7.3
4       M=7.85      Mt=7.6
5       M=8.09      Mt=7.9
6       M=7.73      Mt=7.5
7       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
6       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
7       M=3.16     Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.44      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.38      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
5       M=7.78      Mt=7.5
6       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
7       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
6       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
7       M=3.16     Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .55      Mt=5.6
2       M= .43      Mt=5.4
3       M= .10      Mt=5.1
4       M= .16      Mt=5.2
5       M= .22      Mt=5.2
6       M= .87      Mt=5.9
7       M= .35      Mt=5.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.59      Mt=6.2
2       M=6.22      Mt=5.8
3       M=6.18      Mt=5.8
4       M=6.24      Mt=5.8
5       M=5.86      Mt=5.4
6       M=6.05      Mt=5.6
7       M=7.33      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.44      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.38      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
5       M=7.78      Mt=7.5
6       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
7       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
2       M=2.85     Mt=6.2
3       M=2.75     Mt=5.8
4       M=2.65     Mt=5.5
5       M=2.68     Mt=5.6
6       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
7       M=3.32     Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.74      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
3       M=1.67      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.79      Mt=6.8
5       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
6       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
7       M= .79      Mt=5.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.74      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
3       M=1.67      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.79      Mt=6.8
5       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
6       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
7       M= .79      Mt=5.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.07 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.05 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.06 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.07 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.03 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.01 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.06 p < .01
Males  : G'= +.02 (ns)   _c'= +.01 (ns)

Curvilinear 30-39 happiest

Females: G'= +.02 (ns)   _c'= +.01 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.01 ns
males  : G'= +.03 (ns)    _c'= +.02 (ns)

females: G'= -.05 (ns)    _c'= -.03 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNaidu (1978): study IN Mumbai 1973
TitleSocial Agents in Destitute Children's Personal Happiness.
SourceThe Indian Journal of Social Work, 1978, Vol. 34, 325 -333
Public7-11 aged boys living in institution, Bombay, India, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =36

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 327
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 age 7
2 age 9
3 age 11
Observed distributionN= 1: 12, 2: 12, 3: 12.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-aDM=+
age  7 M = 3.42  SD = 1.24
age  9 M = 5.75  SD = 0.87
age 11 M = 8.50  SD = 0.52


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study IN 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, India, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 378
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 / 30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.09 p < . 01
Gamma based on estimated numbers of respondents in 
each category.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLandiyanto et al. (2010): study ID 2007
TitleWealth and Happiness: Empirical Evidence from Indonesia.
SourceWorking Paper, 2010, 1 - 19, Mahidol University, Thailand
URLhttp://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/www/external/labor/FLS/IFLS/papers/2010_landiyanto2.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2007
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =29013

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 10-17
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years ( ratio scale)
Observed distributionM=36.88; SD=15.62; Range: 14-97

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-car=-.06
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-caOR=0.9 p < .01
OR controlled for:
-health;
-assets;
-education;
-expenditures;
-marriage status;
-sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKousha & Mohseni (2000): study IR 1995
TitleAre Iranians Happy? A Comparative Study between Iran and the United States.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 52, 259 - 289
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1007061431186
PublicResidents big city (Tehran), Iran, 1995-97
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response4,8%
Respondents N =1561

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 272/276
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1=18-25
2=26-39
3=>40
Observed distribution 1995: 1=263, 2=168, 3=113 1997: 1=532, 2=321, 3=202
Remarks
actual numbers, revised by author

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= ns
             1995    M      S.D.          
             1=    1,76     0,33 
             2=    1,82     0,31 
             3=    1,76     0,39
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= p < .00
             1997    M       S.D.          
             1=    1,83     0,46 
             2=    1,80     0,35 
             3=    1,85     0,32
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= ns
             1995
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             1=     7,5    60,4     32,1 
             2=     8,2    65,4     26,4 
             3=    10,4    55,2     34,4
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= p < .00
             1997
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             1=    15,7    51,3     32,9 
             2=     9,7    61,0     29,3 
             3=     9,9    65,6     24,5
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.02 ns
             1995
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.00 ns
             1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHealy (2005): study IE 2002
TitleIn Each Other's Shadow. What Has Been the Impact of Human and Social Capital on Life Satisfaction in Ireland?
SourceThesis, National University of Ireland, 2005, Dublin, Ireland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/healy_t_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelAge category
Page in Source 164
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-29
2: 30-39
3: 40-49
4: 50-64
5: 65+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebDM=+/-
18-29 M = 7,55
30-39 M = 7,82
40-49 M = 7,71
50-64 M = 7,75
65+   M = 8,05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
2       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
3       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
4       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.40     Mt=8.0
6       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
7       M=3.50     Mt=8.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.33      Mt=7.3
2       M=2.07      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.26      Mt=7.3
4       M=1.95      Mt=6.9
5       M=1.51      Mt=6.5
6       M=1.45      Mt=6.4
7       M= .68      Mt=5.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.44      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.38      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
5       M=7.78      Mt=7.5
6       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
7       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.81      Mt=7.6
2       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
3       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
4       M=7.96      Mt=7.7
5       M=8.02      Mt=7.8
6       M=7.99      Mt=7.8
7       M=7.74      Mt=7.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
2       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
3       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
4       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.40     Mt=8.0
6       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
7       M=3.50     Mt=8.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.74      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
3       M=1.67      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.79      Mt=6.8
5       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
6       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
7       M= .79      Mt=5.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.44      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.38      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
5       M=7.78      Mt=7.5
6       M=7.67      Mt=7.4
7       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
6       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
7       M=3.16     Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.33      Mt=7.3
2       M=2.07      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.26      Mt=7.3
4       M=1.95      Mt=6.9
5       M=1.51      Mt=6.5
6       M=1.45      Mt=6.4
7       M= .68      Mt=5.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.81      Mt=7.6
2       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
3       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
4       M=7.96      Mt=7.7
5       M=8.02      Mt=7.8
6       M=7.99      Mt=7.8
7       M=7.74      Mt=7.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.74      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
3       M=1.67      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.79      Mt=6.8
5       M=1.75      Mt=6.8
6       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
7       M= .79      Mt=5.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
5       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
6       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
7       M=3.16     Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHealy (2005): study IE 1981
TitleIn Each Other's Shadow. What Has Been the Impact of Human and Social Capital on Life Satisfaction in Ireland?
SourceThesis, National University of Ireland, 2005, Dublin, Ireland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/healy_t_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1981-2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =988

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 161
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 18-29
2: 30-39
3: 40-49
4: 50-64
5: 65+
Observed distribution1981: N = 1493 1999 : N = 1481 not reported 2002: N = 988: 1: 330, 2: 187, 3: 217, 4: 268, 5: 183

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aD%=+/-
% very happy (8-10)
       1981   1990   1999
18-29:  60     65     65
30-39:  70     61     74
40-49:  74     70     71
50-64:  70     70     72
65+:    61     64     69


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study IE 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
15-24 / 25-54 / 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.02 ns
Males   : G' = +.15 (ns)
Females : G' = -.10 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.17
Males   : G' = -.21 (05)
Females : G' = -.09 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVanPraag et al. (2010) Id=7061: study IL 2006
TitleHappiness and Financial Satisfaction in Israel: Effects of Religiosity, Ethnicity, and War.
SourceDiscussion Paper No 5184, IZA, 2010, Bonn, Germany
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1675695
Public20+ aged general population, Israel, 2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6218

Correlate
Author's labelln (age) and (ln) age squared)
Page in Source 1015-1016
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Logarithmic function of age in years
b: Logarithmic function of age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-fb=-6.9 p < .05
AGE
Jews
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-fb=-4.6 p < .05
Arabs
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-fb=+.91 p < .05
AGE SQUARED 
Jews
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-fb=+.65 p < .05
Arabs

B's controlled for:
- log income
- log family size
- degree of religiosity
- log family size*degree of religiosity
- health
- education
- marital status
- (parents') country of origin
- years residing in Israel
- Hebrew fluency
- employment status
- place of interview
- time of interview


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyAmit & Litwin (2010): study IL 2006
TitleThe Subjective Well-being of Immigrants Aged 50 and Older in Israel.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 89 - 104
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9519-5
Public50+aged immigrants, Israel, 2005-2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =930

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 98-99
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionM = 66,1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gr=-.03 ns
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gBeta=+.07 p < .05
Beta controled for:
- immigration history
  - continent or origin
  - language proficiency in Hebrew
- background
  - gender
  - marital status
  - income
  - education
  - participation in social activities
  - selfrated health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 277, 279, 285
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionM=48.22, SD=16.08

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+.05 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta controlled for:
- gender
- years of study
- holding central office during the last five 
years
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.04 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- community value
- collectivistic value
- individualistic value
- satisfaction with realization of values
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to own 
aspirations and abilities
- satisfactionwith feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- Satisfaction with material standard of living
- Satisfaction with work domain
- Satisfaction with interpersonal relationships
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.04 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMorawetz (1977): study IL 1976
TitleIncome Distributions and Self-Rated Happiness: Some Empirical Evidence.
SourceThe Economic Journal, 1977, Vol. 87, 511 - 522
PublicAdults, two villages (one equal in incomes, one unequal), Israel, 1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =109

Correlate
Author's labelage in years
Page in Source 518
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 21-40 
2 41-60 
3 61+
Observed distributionN = 1: 51,5%, 2: 41,4%, 3: 7,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=ns ns
B controlled for:
- years lived in moshav
- religion
- age
- sex
- education
- not married
- children at home
- rooms per house
- rooms per person
- telephone
- no car
- agricultural work
- income per standard adult
- Moshav
Unaffected by kind of community
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=-.24 ns
B controlled for the above variables with income 
left out


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975a): study IL 1968
TitleStructure and Dynamics of Worries.
SourceSociometry, 1975, Vol. 38, 445 - 473
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2786361
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1968-1970
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3600

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 453-457
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Closed question, ranging from young to old.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-
    1968/2  1968/11  1969/2  1969/6  1970/2

mc= -.30    -.24     -.26    -.30    -.29


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study IL 1961
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, Israel, 1961-62
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1170

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 378
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 / 30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, MŘnchen, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: age 0-18 (reference)
1: age 19-34
2: age 35-49
3: age 50-64
4: age > 65
Observed distribution1: M = 0.18; SD = 0.38; 2: M = 0.24; SD = 0.43; 3: M = 0.19; SD = 0.39 4: M = 0.22; SD = 0.41

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.11 p < .05
Age 19-34 (vs age 0-18)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.23 p < .01
Age 35-49 (vs age 0-18)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.23 p < .01
Age 50-64 (vs age 0-18)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.21 p < .01
Age > 65  (vs age 0-18)

B's controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Gender
 -Marital status
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Ownership of the house of residence
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
 -Work status
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Social assistance
 -Cultural supply
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area

Regarding individual characteristics, happiness is 
significantly and negatively correlated with older 
ages. The size of the maginal effect increases at 
the start, but moderates slightly later.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVieno et al. (2009): study IT Veneto 2006
TitleHealth Status in Immigrants and Native Early Adolescents in Italy.
SourceJournal of Community Health, 2009, Vol. 34,181 -187
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10900-008-9144-2
Public10-18 aged general public, Vieno: Italy, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6744

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 185
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionM=14.3
Remarks
All participants are 10 to 18 years old

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eBeta=-.40 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Immigrant (born in Italy or not)
- Gender
- Family socio-economic status
- Number of friends
- Friends support
- Bullying victimization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyDiGiacinto et al. (2007): study IT 2004
TitleCreativity and Happiness.
SourcePaper presented at teh International Conference ''Policy for Happiness'', June 2007, Siena, Italy
URLhttp://www.unisi.it/eventi/happiness/curriculum/ferrante.pdf
PublicEmployees, Italy, 2004
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =1240

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 22
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Observed distributionM=44,49 SD=9,242

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aOPRC=-.01 p < .000
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-ab=-.02 p < .001
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.10 p < .001
Regressions controls for:
-income
-schooling*creativity index
-marital status
-gender
-educational level
-province level unemployment rate
-province level per capita disposable income
-area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyNuvolati (2004): study IT 1996
TitleCommuting and Quality of Life. The Italian Case.
SourcePaper 6the Congress ISQOLS, 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/nuvolati_g_2004.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response1,7%
Respondents N =3561

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
age in years
1: 15-24
2: 25-34
3: 35-44
4: 45-54
5: 55-64
6: over 64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=
% Satisfied
15-24: 83,0
25-34: 83,7
35-44: 78,7
45-54: 79,7
55-64: 79,2
65+  : 88,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2010

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
2       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
3       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
4       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
5       M=2.83     Mt=6.1
6       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
7       M=2.77     Mt=5.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.51      Mt=6.5
2       M=1.31      Mt=6.3
3       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
4       M=1.23      Mt=6.2
5       M= .82      Mt=5.8
6       M= .36      Mt=5.4
7       M= .41      Mt=5.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.28      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.42      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.28      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.03      Mt=6.7
5       M=7.32      Mt=7.0
6       M=6.99      Mt=6.7
7       M=7.01      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.16 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.14 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.05 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
Males  : G'=-.19 (01) _c'=-.11 (01)
Females: G'=+.10 (01) _c'=+.06 (05)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.03 p < .05
males  : G'=-.07 (05)  _c'=-.04 (ns)
females: G'=+.16 (01)  _c'=+.10 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study IT 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1043

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
15-24 / 25-54 / 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.11 ns
Males   : G' = -.26 (ns)
Females : G' = +.04 (ns)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.14
Males   : G' = +.25 (05)
Females : G' = -.12 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study IT 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Italy, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1078

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 176
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 21-29
2 30-49
3 50-65
4 over 65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.00 ns
1                             M'=1.59  Mt'=3.0
2                                1.56      2.8
3                                1.58      2.9
4                                1.59      3.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.01 ns
                       
                               


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 6, 22, 17
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 10s
2: 20s
3: 30s
4: 40s
5: 50s
6: 60s

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=+-
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bbDM=+-
The average scores declined from 10s to 20s, but 
increased with age among respondents over 20s. The 
entire curve is a "J-shape".
Set Image size:   

A-AB-yd-mq-n-11-aDM=+
pattern differs slightly across measurement 
methods.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTiefenbach & Kohlbacher (2011): study JP 2011
TitleHappiness from the Viewpoint of Economics.
SourceDeutsches Institut fŘr Japanstudien, 2011, Tokyo, Japan
URLhttp:www.dijtokyo.org
Public15 -79 aged, Japan, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28,4%
Respondents N =3578

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
 1: 15 - 19 years
 2: 20 - 24 years
 3: 25 - 29 years
 4: 30 - 34 years
 5: 35 - 39 years
 6: 40 - 44 years
 7: 45 - 49 years
 8: 50 - 54 years
 9: 55 - 59 years
10: 60 - 64 years
11: 65 - 69 years
12: 70 - 74 years
13: 75 - 80 years
Observed distributionN=3578; 1: 0,06; 2: 0,06; 3: 0,05; 4: 0,07; 5: 0,09; 6: 0,08; 7: 0,08; 8: 0,09; 9: 0,09; 10: 0,13; 11: 0,09; 12: 0,07; 13: 0,05.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-fDM=-/+
 1: 15 - 19 years M = 6,82
 2: 20 - 24 years M = 6,41
 3: 25 - 29 years M = 6,42
 4: 30 - 34 years M = 6,84
 5: 35 - 39 years M = 6,52
 6: 40 - 44 years M = 6,59
 7: 45 - 49 years M = 6,13
 8: 50 - 54 years M = 6,28
 9: 55 - 59 years M = 6,53
10: 60 - 64 years M = 6,36
11: 65 - 69 years M = 6,35
12: 70 - 74 years M = 6,4
13: 75 - 80 years M = 6,54


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyInoguchi & Fujii (2009): study JP 2009
TitleCountry Profile of Japan: Citizens' Perception of Quality of Life, Social Capital, and Governance
SourceInoguchi, T.; Ed.: "Human Beliefs and Values in East and Southeast Asia in Transition", Akashi Shoten, 2009, Japan, 129 - 151
Public20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1003

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 134
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 20-29
2: 30-39
3: 40-49
4: 50-59
5: 60-69
Observed distribution% 1: 19, 2: 22, 3: 18, 4: 22, 5: 19

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mDM=
1: M = 2,72 [CI95 2,31 3,13]
2: M = 2,74 [CI95 2,39 3,09]
3: M = 2,72 [CI95 2,31 3,13]
4: M = 2,55 [CI95 2,19 2,90]
5: M = 2,83 [CI95 2,48 3,18]
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mtc=-.00 p < .97
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bDM=
1: M = 2,05 [CI95 1,75 2,35]
2: M = 1,95 [CI95 1,67 2,24]
3: M = 2,00 [CI95 1,66 2,34]
4: M = 1,95 [CI95 1,67 2,24]
5: M = 2,11 [CI95 1,82 2,40]
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-btc=+.02 p < .81
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cDM=
1: M = 1,58 [CI95 1,25 1,91]
2: M = 1,64 [CI95 1,34 1,93]
3: M = 1,69 [CI95 1,36 2,01]
4: M = 1,82 [CI95 1,56 2,08]
5: M = 1,89 [CI95 1,60 2,18]
C-W-u-sq-v-4-ctc=+.12 p < .09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMoon & Mikami (2007): study JP 2004
TitleDifference in subjective Well-being between ethnic Korean and Japanese elderly Residents in an Urban Community in Japan.
SourceGeriatrics and Gerontology International, 2007, Vol. 7, 371 - 379
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1447-0594.2007.00427.x
Public65+aged, ethnic Korean naturalized as Japanese and Japanese, Japan, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21.7%
Respondents N =425

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 375, 377, 379
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Observed distributionJapanese M=74.9 +/- 6.8 Korean M=74.7 +/- 7.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=-.09 ns
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=-.07 ns
Beta controlled for:
-ethnicity
-gender
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=+.03 ns
Beta additionally controlled for 
- literacy
- living alone
- absence of 'sense of purpose in life'
- pension
- public assistance
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aBeta=+.09 p < .10
Beta additionally controlled for
- depression
- performance status (ADL)
- history of lifestyle related disease


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study JP 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1011

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
2       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
3       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
4       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
5       M=2.92     Mt=6.4
6       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.36      Mt=6.0
2       M=6.48      Mt=6.0
3       M=6.67      Mt=6.3
4       M=6.48      Mt=6.1
5       M=6.41      Mt=6.0
6       M=6.88      Mt=6.5
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
2       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
3       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
4       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
5       M=2.83     Mt=6.1
6       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
7       M=2.77     Mt=5.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M= .41      Mt=5.4
2       M= .33      Mt=5.3
3       M= .58      Mt=5.6
4       M= .38      Mt=5.4
5       M= .24      Mt=5.2
6       M=-.29      Mt=4.7
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.51      Mt=6.5
2       M=1.31      Mt=6.3
3       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
4       M=1.23      Mt=6.2
5       M= .82      Mt=5.8
6       M= .36      Mt=5.4
7       M= .41      Mt=5.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.28      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.42      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.28      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.03      Mt=6.7
5       M=7.32      Mt=7.0
6       M=6.99      Mt=6.7
7       M=7.01      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.14 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.06 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=+.13 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abtc=+.08 p < .01
Males  : G'=-.14 (01) _c'=-.09 (01)
Females: G'=-.13 (01) _c'=-.08 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.03 ns
males  : G'=-.12 (01)  _c'=-.07 (01)
females: G'= -.01 (ns) _c'=-.01 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKusago (2007): study JP 1978
TitleRethinking of Economic Growth and Life Satisfaction in Post - WW 2 Japan - A Fresh Approach
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 79 - 102
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-0016-9
PublicGeneral public, Japan, 3 annual 1978-2002
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =18

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source Table 4
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. 15-19 years
2. 20-24 years
3. 25-29 years
4. 30-34 years
5. 35-39 years
6. 40-44 years
7. 45-49 years
8. 50-54 years
9. 55-59 years
10.60-64 years
11.65 years above (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.14 ns
1978

15-19 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.31 p < .01
20-24 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.31 p < .01
25-29 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.40 p < .01
30-34 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.44 p < .01
35-39 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.44 p < .01
40-44 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.41 p < .01
45-49 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.27 p < .01
50-54 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.17 p < .01
55-59 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.14 p < .05
60-64 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.28 p < .05
1990

15-19 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.49 p < .01
20-24 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.33 p < .01
25-29 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.55 p < .01
30-34 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.58 p < .01
35-39 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.59 p < .01
40-44 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.52 p < .01
45-49 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.47 p < .01
50-54 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.32 p < .01
55-59 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.20 p < .05
60-64 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.07 ns
2002

15-19 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.26 p < .01
20-24 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.24 p < .01
25-29 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.24 p < .01
30-34 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.35 p < .01
35-39 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.36 p < .01
40-44 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.44 p < .01
45-49 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.44 p < .01
50-54 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.24 p < .01
55-59 years (vs 65 years above)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-eb=-.06 p < .05
60-64 years (vs 65 years above)

B's controlled for:
-marital status
-gender
-employment status
-house ownership
-family income
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study JP 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Japan, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 370
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
21-29 / 30-44 / 45-64 / 65+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= -
21-29   : Mt = 5.4
30-44   : Mt = 5.1
45-64   : Mt = 5.2
65+     : Mt = 5.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKoo & Yee (2016): study KR 2014
TitleDimensions of Social Well-being and Determinants in Korea: Personal. Relational, and Societal Aspects.
SourceThe Senshu Social Well-being Review, 2016, no 3
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 2014-2018
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 55,56
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not specified

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ceBeta=-.06 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- gender
- marital status
- education level
- work status
- household income

Beta unaffected when additionally controlled for:
- ingroup trust
- trust gap
- risk experience
- discrimination experience
- community participation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySlag (2017): study KR 2009
TitleThe Easterlin Paradox or Easterlin Illusion: some empirical tests
SourceMaster thesis Erasmus University, School of Economics
Public18+ aged general public, South Korea, followed 5 years 2009-2014
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =79474

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 35
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Current age
Observed distributionMean: 47.2; SD: 17.9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-bb-fix=-.02 p < .01
Age
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-bb-fix=+.00 p < .01
Age-squared

b-fix controlled for:
- yearly chsange of household income
- earlier household income
- reference group income
- employment status
- health status
- marital status
- education level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLee (1998): study KR 1996
TitleMarital Status, Gender, and Subjective Quality of Life in Korea.
SourceDevelopment and Society, 1998, Vol. 27, 35 - 49
Public20-60 aged, general public, South Korea, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response4,5%
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 45
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. 20s
2. 30s
3. 40s
4. 50s
Observed distribution1: 29,7%; 2: 28,4%; 3: 17,2%; 4: 24,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-fb=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
- marital status
- gender
- subjective class
- household income
- education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study KR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1251

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=2.85     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.86     Mt=6.2
3       M=2.87     Mt=6.3
4       M=2.92     Mt=6.4
5       M=2.74     Mt=5.8
6       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=6.64      Mt=6.3
2       M=6.85      Mt=6.5
3       M=6.83      Mt=6.5
4       M=6.82      Mt=6.5
5       M=5.42      Mt=4.9
6       Less than 10 Ss
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.10 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyShin (1986): study KR 1980
TitleEducation and the quality of life in Korea and the United States: A cross-cultural perspective.
SourcePublic Opinion Quarterly, 1986, Vol. 50, 360 - 370
URLhttp://poq.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/3/360.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1215

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 367
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
*18-29, *30-39, *40-49, *50-59, *60+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=-.06 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=-.06 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=-.08 ns
▀ controled for education, income, gender, married 
status, own house and community size.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyLee et al. (1982): study KR 1980
TitlePerceptions of Quality of Life in an Industrializing Country: The Case of the Republic of Korea.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 10, 297 - 317
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00301097
PublicParents with unmarried children at home, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 311
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-30 /30-39/ 40-49/50-59/60 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bDM=-
Hardly any difference
60+ slightly less happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 563/7
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<+29/30-39/40-49/50> years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.01 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.12 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.04 p < .01
Males  : G'= +.15 (01)    _c'= +.08 (01)

Females: G'= +.10 (01)    _c'= +.05 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.01 p < .01
males  : G'= +.15 (01)    _c'= +.08 (01)

females: G'= +.03 (ns)    _c'= +.01 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMeleis (1982): study KW 1982
TitleEffect of Modernization on Kuwaiti Women.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 1982, Vol. 16, 965 - 970
DOIdoi:10.1016/0277-9536(82)90364-1
Public17-40 aged females, Kuwait, 1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =248

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
17-19; 20-29; 30-40.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
H07aa01gr=+.21 p < .01
H07aa01gr=+.21 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LV 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Latvia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =903

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M= .91      Mt=5.9
2       M= .87      Mt=5.9
3       M= .87      Mt=5.9
4       M=1.08      Mt=6.1
5       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
6       M=1.06      Mt=6.1
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=5.95      Mt=5.5
2       M=5.53      Mt=5.0
3       M=5.41      Mt=4.9
4       M=5.68      Mt=5.2
5       M=6.53      Mt=6.1
6       M=6.13      Mt=5.7
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=2.63     Mt=5.4
2       M=2.54     Mt=5.1
3       M=2.45     Mt=4.8
4       M=2.48     Mt=4.9
5       M=2.37     Mt=4.6
6       M=2.57     Mt=5.2
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.12 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.09 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.03 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.12 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M= .62      Mt=5.6
2       M= .64      Mt=5.6
3       M= .42      Mt=5.4
4       M= .66      Mt=5.7
5       M= .71      Mt=5.7
6       M= .57      Mt=5.6
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=6.15      Mt=5.7
2       M=6.12      Mt=5.7
3       M=5.84      Mt=5.4
4       M=5.85      Mt=5.4
5       M=6.08      Mt=5.6
6       M=5.80      Mt=5.3
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=2.68     Mt=5.6
2       M=2.62     Mt=5.4
3       M=2.46     Mt=4.9
4       M=2.39     Mt=4.6
5       M=2.38     Mt=4.6
6       M=2.44     Mt=4.8
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.18 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.14 p < .001
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study LU 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =324

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 143/155
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
15-24 / 25-54 / 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.06 ns
Males   : G' = -.06 (ns)
Females : G' = +.15 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.13 ns
Females : G' = +.23 (ns)
Males   : G' = +.06 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHinks & Davies (2008): study MW 2004
TitleLife Satisfaction in Malawi and the Importance of Relative Consumption, Polygamy and Religion.
SourceJournal of International Development, 2008, Vol. 20, 888 - 904
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1470/abstract
DOIDOI:10.1002/jid.1470
PublicHousehold heads, Malawai 2004-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =11272

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 902
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
age of the head of household

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=- ns
B controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marriage
    - status (married,divorced, wiwow)
    - polygamous (vs not)
  - religion
  - interaction religion-polygamous marriage
- household situation
  - size
  - consumption per capita
  - sick member
- local environmnent
  - consumption level
  - safety
    - atacked in the last year
    - feeling unsafe
  - rural (vs not)
  - hunger season
  - member of parliament lives in area

B unaffected by
- additional control for personal assets
- alternative controls for relative wealth


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHowell et al. (2006): study MY 2003
TitleDoes Wealth Enhance Life Satisfaction for People Who Are Materially Deprived? Exploring the Association among the 'Orang Asli' of Peninsular Malaysia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 76, 499 - 524
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-3107-0
PublicHeads of households, Malaysia, 2003
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response4,6%
Respondents N =307

Correlate
Author's labelAge of respondent
Page in Source 503,511
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Self-reported age in years
Observed distributionMean=42,42; SD=14,50.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-br=-.04 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study MX 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Mexico, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1531

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.00     Mt= 6.7
2       M=2.95     Mt= 6.5
3       M=2.97     Mt= 6.6
4       M=2.79     Mt= 6.0
5       M=2.79     Mt= 6.0
6       Less than 10 Ss
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.42      Mt=6.4
2       M=1.62      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.28      Mt=6.3
4       M=1.01      Mt=6.0
5       M= .90      Mt=5.9
6       Less than 10 Ss
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M= 7.44     Mt= 7.2
2       M= 7.47     Mt= 7.2
3       M= 7.18     Mt= 6.9
4       M= 7.44     Mt= 7.2
5       M= 7.03     Mt= 6.7
6       M= 7.83     Mt= 7.6
7       M=10.0      Mt=10.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.07 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.07 p < .01
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study MX 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, urban areas, Mexico, 1948-1949
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1752

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 188
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 21-29
2 30-49
3 50-65
4 over 65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.03 ns
1                             M'=1.61  Mt'=3.1
2                                1.61      3.1
3                                1.53      2.6
4                                1.51      2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.06 ns
                       
                               


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyKirmanoglu & Baslevent (2014): study ZZ Europe 2010
TitleLife Satisfaction of Ethnic Minority Members: An Examination of Interactions with Immigration, Discrimination, and Citizenship.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 116, 173 - 184
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0276-0
Public15+ aged Europeans, Europe. 2010/2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =32275

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 8
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a) Age in years
b) Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=-.03 p < .000
AGE
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=+.03 p < .000
AGE^2/100

OPRC controlled for:
- gender
- education
- household income
- unemployed
- political vote
- religiosity
- health
- living alone
- ethnic minority member
- migration generation
- ethnic minority *migration generation
- citizen
- ethnic minority member*citizen
- perceived discrimination
- ethnic minority*perceived discrimination


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySulemana (2014): study ZZ South Sahara Africa 2008
TitleThe Effect of Fear of Crime and Crime Victimization on Subjective Well- Being in Africa.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2015, Volume 121, 849 - 872
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-014-0660-4#page-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-014-0660-4
PublicAdult general public, 20 sub-saharan African countries, 2008
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =27713

Correlate
Author's labelAge (years)
Page in Source table 3
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Observed distributionM = 35.948, SD = 14.379.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-db=-.01 p < .01
b (-0,006) controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - gender
  - education
  - employment
  - social capital
  - religion 
- environmental characteristics
  - size of town
  - country (dummy)

Ordered probit analysis yields similar results.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBartram (2013): study ZZ Europe 2008
TitleHappiness and 'economic migration': a comparison of Eastern European migrants and stayers
SourceMigration Studies, 1(2), 156-175
DOIdoi:10.1093/migration/mnt006
Public15+ aged general public, Europe, 2008-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =42380

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 163, 165, 167
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a) Age in years
b) Age squared
Observed distributionM=47.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=-.58 p < .000
AGE
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.55 p < .000
AGE^2/100

Beta's controlled for:
- Immigrant status
- Gender
- Religion
- Partner
- Employment
- Friends
- Health
- Income
- Education
- Survey round


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMutz (2015): study ZZ Various nation sets 2006
TitleChristmas and Subjective Well-Being: a Research Note.
SourceApplied Research Quality Life, 2015, Published Online, 1 - 26
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11482-015-9441-8
Public15+ aged, general public, 11 EU nations, 2006-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2057

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24,25
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.04 p < .01
Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdBeta=-.39
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-hb=.00 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-hBeta=+.01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.00 p < .01
Age squared
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdBeta=+.47
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-hb=+.00 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-hBeta=+.03
b and Beta controled for
- sexe
- education
- children at home
- employment
- subjective health
- time of interview

Unaffected by  additional control for
- religiousness
- interaction between religiousness and time of 
interview.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyOlgiati et al. (2013): study ZZ Western nations 2006
TitleAre Migrants Going Up a Blind Alley? Economic Migration and Life Satisfaction around the World: Cross-National Evidence from Europe, North America and Australia
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 114, 383 - 404
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0151-4
Public15+ aged general public, 16 Western countries, 2006-2011
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =51004

Correlate
Author's labelAge and age squared
Page in Source 392
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: age in years
b: age squared
Observed distributionM= 51.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab=-.04 p < .001
AGE IN YEARS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab=-.04 p < .001
AGE SQUARED

B controlled for:
- ln income
- foreign born
- ln income*foreign born
- gender
- marital status
- household size
- religion
- satisfaction with health
- country of residence
- survey round
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=+.00 p < .001
AGE IN YEARS
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=+.00 p < .001
AGE SQUARED

B additionally controlled for:
- being unemployed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFlavin et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2005
TitleState Intervention and Subjective Well-Being in Advanced Industrial Democracies.
SourcePolitics and Policy, 2011, Vol. 39, 251 - 269
Public15+ aged, general public, 15 Industrialized Democracies, 2005-2009.
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10405

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 259
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.04 p < .01
INDIVIDUAL happiness by individual age

Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=.00 p < .01
Age squared 

B's controlled for:
-National characteristics
  -Size of the state
  -GDP
  -Unemployment rate
  -Individualism
-Individual characteristics  
  -Income
  -Education
  -Health
  -Female
  -Married
  -Unemployed
  -Church attendance
  -Trust in others
  -Religion

Controlled for tax revenue as a measure of the 
size of the state, same results if controlled for 
government share of GDP, social wage, or social 
welfare expenditures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVanSantvoort (2009): study ZZ Europe 2005
TitleDisability in Europe: Policy, Social Participation and Subjective Well-being.
SourceIpskamp, 2009, Enschede, Netherlands
Public15+ aged, general public, 9 European countries, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response30 %
Respondents N =14889

Correlate
Author's labelAge in years
Page in Source 36
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=+.10 p < .001
Beta controlled for: 
- hampered in daily activities by disability
- socio-demographic variables
- socio-economic variables
- self assessed health
- feeling optimistic and energetic
- feeling about household income
- social participation

Beta's not significant in:
- Finland 
- Netherlands 

Beta's similar in: 
- Belgium
- Germany
- Denmark 
- Slovakia
- United Kingdom

Beta is negative in Slovenia (-.079)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~BCS (2010): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleThe Information Dividend: Can IT Make you ''Happier''.
SourceResearch Report by Trajectory Partnership i.o.o. BCS the Chartered Institute for IT, 2010, London, UK
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~BCS_2010.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, World, 2005
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =35000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 13
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: age in years
b: age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.03 p < .01
chronological age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.31 p < .01
B controlled for: 
- sense of freedom and control
- media use:
  - accessed internet
  - watched TV
- demographics:
  - gender
  - age
  - education
  - income
  - size of town
-employment:
  - work part time
  - self-employed 
  - retired
  - housewife
  - student
  - unemloyed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMonk-Turner & Turner (2010): study ZZ East Asia 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Those who Exchange Sex and Money, Yunnan, China and Thailand.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 99, 13 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9568-9
PublicProstitutes and prostitute's clients, Yunnan, China, 2003, Thailand, 2007
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =754

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 18
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years.
Observed distribution1) Yunnan female sex workers. M = 23.17, SD = 3.90 2) Yunnan male sex clients. M = 30.28, SD = 6.18 3) Thai female sex workers. M = 29.12, SD = 6.24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-bOLRC=0.91 ns
Yunnan female sex workers (N = 188)
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-bOLRC=0.97 ns
Yunnan male sex customers (N = 283)
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-bOLRC=1.02 ns
Thai female sex workers (N = 283)

OLRC's controlled for:
- years of education
- income rank
- HIV positive
- marital status
- current drug use
- feeling part of the community
- job condition


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+aged intra-European migrants, 13 EU nations, 2004-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =2560

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 40
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a) Age in years
b) Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.04 ns
AGE
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.03 ns
AGE SQUARED

B controlled for:
- Gender
- Household income
- Marital status
- Being unemployed
- Country of origin
- Year-fixed effects
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.04 ns
AGE

B additionally controlled for:
- Country of residence
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.03 ns
AGE SQUARED


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3501

Correlate
Author's labelAge (years)
Page in Source 1164
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Continuous variable

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.03 p < .01
OR controlled for: 
-gender
-marital status
-limitations in daily activities
-education
-income
-house ownership
-neighborhood
-infrastructure
-children
-receives help
-provides help
-leisure
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.02 p < .01
OR additionally controlled for country

OR's computed for 'very satisfied or satisfied' 
(vs not satisfied)
Similar results when computed for 'very satisfied' 
(vs satisfied and not satisfied)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVanderMeer & Wielers (2013): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleWhat Makes Workers Happy?
SourceApplied Economics, 2013, Vol. 45, 357 - 368
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
DOIDOI:10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
PublicWorking people, 20 European countries, 2004.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-ResponseNot reported
Respondents N =11986

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 364-66
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.08
Age
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=0
Age squared
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=-.05
Age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=-.07
Age squared:
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bOPRC=-.06
Age
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bOPRC=-.09
Age squared:
OPRC's controled for
- Income
- log workhours
- log income
- Missing income
- Subjective income
- 20 job characterisitcs
- Personal characteristics


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyB÷hnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.01 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.00 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-urban/rural
-income
-employment
-class/occupation
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.00 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.00 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.01 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 50
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=+.03 ns
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=+.07 p < .000
EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySafi (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleImmigrants' Life Satisfaction in Europe: Between Assimilation and Discrimination.
SourceEuropean Sociological Review, 2010, Vol. 26, 159 - 176
DOIDOI:10.1093/esr/jcp013
Public15+ aged, general public, 12 European nations 2002-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =60169

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 5
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 <28 reference
2 28-40
3 40-55
4 55-65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.32 p < .01
28-40 aged (compared to <28)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.44 p < .01
aged 40-55 (compared to <28)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.20 p < .01
aged 55-65 (compared to <28)

B's controlled for
- gender 
- education
- family situation

B's hardly affected by additional control for
- income
- occupation
- employment

B's substantially reduced after additional control 
for health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBartram (2013b): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleHappiness among North-to-South Migrants in Europe.
SourceWorking Paper, 16-12-2013, University of Leicester, Department of Sociology, UK
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2290154
DOIDOI:10.2139/ssrn.2290154
Public15+ aged general public, Europe, 2002-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =56395

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 22-24
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a) Age in years
b) Age squared
Observed distributionM=48.3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.05 p < .000
AGE
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.05 p < .000
AGE^2/100
B controlled for:
- Immigration status
- Income
- Age/Age^2/100
- Gender
- Religiosity
- Partner
- Unemployed
- Retired
- Friends
- Health
- Education
- Survey round


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged, general public, Europe, 13 EU nations, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =64706

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 33, 50, 57
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared
Observed distributionM= 42.6 SD= 13.20

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.07 p < .001
AGE IN YEARS
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .001
AGE SQUARED

B's controlled for:
- Gender
- Log (Household Income)
- Marital status
- Unemployed
- Country of residence
- Survey year
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.07 p < .001
AGE IN YEARS
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.06 p < .001
AGE SQUARED
B's additionally controlled for:
- Immigrant status
- Immigrant status*country of residence
- Region of origin


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFerreira et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction and Air Quality in Europe.
SourceIZA DP No. 6732, 2012, Georgia, USA
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913000050
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.027
Public14+ aged, general public, 23 EU nations 2002-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =81326

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 22.23.25
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age of respondent in years
Observed distributionMin=14; Max=110 Mean=47.75; SD=17.69

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.06 p < .001
	b(-.0586) controlled for 
-Personal characteristics
  - Income
  - Employment status  
  - Education levels
  - Marital status
  - Sex (gender)
  - Household size
  - Children
  - Religiosity
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.05 p < .001
	b(-.0464) additionally for 
  - self reported health

unaffected by further controlled
  - Size of settlement
  - Climate
  - Nation characteristics
  - Pollution


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002 /2
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged first-generation immigrants, 13 EU-nations, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5094

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 38
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a: Age in years
b: Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.07 p < .001
AGE IN YEARS
All
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=-.13 ns
<30 years olds
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .001
AGE SQUARED
All immigrants
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.20 ns
<30 years old immigrants

B's controlled for:
- Gender
- Household income
- Marital status
- Country of residence
- Migration at young age
- Region of origin
- Year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCurrie et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleYoung People's Health in Context, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study: International Report from the 2001/2002 Survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents No.4
SourceWHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2004.
URLhttp://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/110231/e82923.pdf
Public11,13 and 15 aged, school children, 33 countries and regions, 2001
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =162306

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 57, 60, 217,229
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Young people attending school who are aged:
1 = 11
2 = 13
3 = 15.
Mean age: 11,5 13,5 and 15,5. 90 % should be within 6 
months of the mean age and the remaining 10% no more 
than 12 months from the mean age.
Observed distributionAverage age in the sample: 11,6 13,6 & 15,6 Average age ( N) 11/13/15 aged: Austria 1590/1584/1298, Belgium (Fl) 2153/2106/2030, Belgium (Fr) 1439/1503/1381, Canada 1641/1513/ 1207, Croatia 1451/1500/1446, Czech Republic 1691/1661/1660 , Denmark 1710/1582/1380, England 2239/2069/1773, Estonia 1288/1424,1267, Finland 1911/1732/1745, France 2671/2900/2614, Germany 2100/1801/1749, Greece 1252/1231/1324, Greenland 295/356/240, Hungary 1371/1463/1330, Ireland 1012/944/919, Israel 1892/2202/1567, Italy 1524/1633/1229, Latvia 1195/1169/1117, Lithuania 1867/1873/1905, Malta 619/ 694/667, Netherlands 1477/1519/1273, Norway 1660/1739/1624, Poland 2100/2131/2152, Portugal 1174/964/802, Russia 2522/ 2940/2575, Scotland 1743/1512/1149, Slovenia 1474/1413/1069, Spain 2105/1966/1756, Sweden 1499/1201/1226, Switzerland 1468/1671/1540, TFYR Macedonia 1348/1401/1412, Ukraine 1192/1297/1601, US 1479/1921/1625, Wales 1351/1372/1164

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eD%=- p < .000
% Happy   Girls  Boys   N
age 11    87,1   88,4   55503
age 13    82,5   86,9   55987
age 15    77,4   84,9   50816
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBiswas-Diener et al. (2005): study ZZ Developing nations 2001
TitleMost People are Pretty Happy, but There is Cultural Variation:: The Inughuit, The Amish and the Maasai.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 205 - 226
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10902-005-5683-8
PublicAdults in 3 non-industrial cultures, 200?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =358

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 216
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=-.43 p < .001
Maasai
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br= ns
Amish


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyGraham (2005): study ZZ Latin America 2001
TitleInsights on Development from the Economics of Happiness.
SourceThe World Bank Research Observer, 2005, Vol. 20, 201 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1093/wbro/lki010
Public16+ aged, general public, 17 countries in Latin America, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =18135

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 217
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
1 16-17 years old
2 18-25 years old
3 26-40 years old
4 41-60 years old
5 61 and more
Observed distributionN=15209

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=-.03
Age category
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=+.00
Age squared

B's controlled for:
- Country
- Gender
- Married
- Log wealth index
- Years of education
- Membership of minority group
- Current occupation
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySmucker Barnwell et al. (2006): study ZZ Anglo-America 2001
TitleCannabis, Motivation, and Life Satisfaction in an Internet Sample.
SourceSubstance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy, 2006, Vol.1, 1 - 9
DOIDOI:10.1186/1747-597X-1-2
Public18+ aged, cannabis users and non-users, USA and Canada, 200?
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =487

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 5
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-7-ar=+.01 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTreas et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleThe Happy Homemaker? Married Women's Well-Being in Cross-National Perpective.
SourceSocial Forces, 2011, Vol. 90, 111 - 132
PublicWomen with partner, aged 18-65, 28 countries, 2001-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7014

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 115-123
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionM = 43,66, SD = 11,28

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.06 p < .001
AGE
Beta controlled for:
- Work status
- Age
- Age squared
- Number of children
- Education
- Liberal gender ideology
- Religious services attendance

Unaffected by mediating variables:
- Family Income
- Family income flag
- Housework fairness
- Task sharing
- Family stress
- Housework conflict
O-HL-g-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.00 p < .001
AGE SQUARED
Beta controlled for:
- Work status
- Age
- Number of children
- Education
- Liberal gender ideology
- Religious services attendance

Unaffected by mediating variables:
- Family Income
- Family income flag
- Housework fairness
- Task sharing
- Family stress
- Housework conflict


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (2000b): study ZZ EU 15 2000 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 54.
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb54/eb54_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 15-24
2: 25-39
3: 40-54
4: 55+
Observed distribution1: 16%, 2: 29%, 3: 23%, 4: 32%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=-
1: 15-24  M=3,04 CI95: 3,01-3,07
2: 25-39  M=3,00 CI95: 2,98-3,02
3: 40-54  M=2,99 CI95: 2,97-3,01
4: 55+    M=3,01 CI95: 2,99-3,03
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT=- p < .05
1>3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyWahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 116
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1:55-74
2:75 and over

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.05 p < .05
Germany
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Finland
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
The Netherlands
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Hungary
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Italy

Control variables are not reported.

The publication presents only significant Beta's 
(05. Not mentioned Beta's are added to this 
excerpt by WDH-team and assumed to be 
insignificant (ns).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2005): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleMobility and the Quality of Life.
SourceMollenkopf, H; et al; Eds.: "Enhanching Mobility in Later Life", IOS Press, 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 279 - 288
Public55+ aged, 6 European Countries, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age (in years)
Page in Source 284
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-110-aBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- Gender
- SES
- Vision
- Physical mobility
- Visumotoric coordination
- External control belief
- Urban vs rural
- Residential area
- Variety of social network
- Outdoor motivation
- Outdoor mobility
- Quality of life
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (2000a): study ZZ EU 15 2000
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 53,
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb53/eb53_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16078

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 15-24
2: 25-39
3: 40-54
4: 55+
Observed distribution1: 16%, 2: 29%, 3: 23%, 4: 32%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=-
1: 15-24  M=3,00  CI95: 2,97-3,03
2: 25-39  M=2,92  CI95: 2,90-2,94
3: 40-54  M=2,86  CI95: 2,84-2,88
4: 55+    M=2,86  CI95: 2,84-2,88
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT= p < .05
1>2>3,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyElliott & Hayward (2009): study ZZ World samples 1999
TitleReligion and Life Satisfaction Worldwide: the Role of Government Regulation.
SourceSociology and Religion, 2009, Vol. 70, 285 - 310
DOIDOI:10.1093/socrel/srp028
Public18+aged, general public, 65 countries, 1999-2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =93142

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 298
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Observed distributionM=41,30 SD=16,27

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 p < .001
b controls for individual characteristics:
-education
-female
-married/partnered
-employment status (employed=1)
-religion:
 -religious attendance
 -personal religious identity
 -belong to the largest religious group dummy
 -religious affiliation dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 p < .001
b additionally controls for national 
characteristics:
-freedom index (reflects government regulation of 
civil, religious, and political freedom)
-proportion of population in largest religion
-country level religious affiliation dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 p < .001
b additionally controls for cross-level 
interactions between:
-freedom index and religious attendance
-freedom index and "am a religious person"

Method used is hierarchical linear modelling.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFahey & Smyth (2004a): study ZZ Europe 1999
TitleThe Link between Subjective Well-Being and Objective Conditions in European Societies.
SourceArts, W.;Halman, L.;Eds.: ''European Values at the Turn of the Millennium'', Brill, 2004, Boston, USA, 57 - 80
Public18+ aged, general public, 33 European nations, 1999-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =39799

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 72
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years and Age squared.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 p < .05
Age in years
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.00 p < .05
Age squared.

B's controlled for at individual level:
 -gender
 -marital status
 -age squared
 -employment status
 -social class
 -individual income.

Unaffected by additional control at country-level 
for:
-GDP per capita
-income inequality
-growth GDP last 10 years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1999): study ZZ EU 15 1999 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 52.
SourceEuropean Commission,1999, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb52/eb52_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15010

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 15-24
2: 25-39
3: 40-54 
4: 55+
Observed distribution1: 16%, 2: 29%, 3: 23%, 4: 32%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=
1:15-24: M=3,05   CI95: 3.03-3.08 
2:25-39: M=2,99   CI95: 2,97-3,01
3:40-54: M=2,95   CI95: 2,93-2,97
4:55+  : M=2,98   CI95: 2,96-3,00
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT= p < .05
1>2,3,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyRodriguez-Pose & Maslauskaite (2011): study ZZ 1999
TitleCan Policy make us Happier? Individual Characteristics,Socioeconomic Factors and Life Satisfaction in Central and Eastern Europe.
SourceImedea Working Paper Series 2011.19, 2011, Madrid, Spain
URLhttps://cjres.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/12/16/cjres.rsr038
DOIdoi: 10.1093/cjres/rsr038
Public15+ aged, general public, 10 Central and Eastern European Nations, 1999, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 8, 9
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a) Age in years
b) Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.11 p < .001
Age 1999
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.03 p < .001
Age 2008
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.00 p < .001
1999 age squared
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.00 p < .001
2008 age squared


B's controlled for individual characteristics:
-health
-income
-gender
-married
-No. Of children
-unemployed
-retired
-student
-self-employed
-LT unemployment
-secondary education
-tertiary education
-big city
-remote area

No significant change if additionally controlled 
for:
-National characteristics:
  -GDP per capita
  -Interpersonal inequality 
  -Inflation
  -Unemployment 
  -Government expenditure
  -Corruption WB
  -Corruption TI
  -Health benefits	
  -Pension benefits
  -Unemployment benefits


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1998): study ZZ EU 15 1998
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 49.
SourceEuropean Commssion, 1998, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://europa.eu/comm/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb49/eb49_en.htm
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16165

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source B.59
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 15-24
2: 25-39
3: 40-54
4: 55+
Observed distribution1: 17%, 2: 28%, 3: 23%, 4: 31%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=-
1: 15-24: M = 2,99  CI95 = 2,96-3,02
2: 25-39: M = 2,92  CI95 = 2,90-2,94
3: 40-54: M = 2,90  CI95 = 2,87-2,92
4: 55+    M = 2,91  CI95 = 2,89-2,93
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT=- p < .05
  1>2,3,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBjornskov et al. (2008): study ZZ 1997 /1
TitleCross-Country Determinants of Life Satisfaction: Exploring Different Determinants across Groups in Society.
SourceSocial Choice and Welfare, 2008, Vol. 30, 119 - 173
DOIDOI:10,1007/s00355-007-0225-4
Public18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1997-2000
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =87748

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 137
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
<25
25-34
35-44
45-54
55-64
>64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa
Individual happiness (not average) by age.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.09 p < .01
25-34 (compared to <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.15 p < .01
35-44 (compared to <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.17 p < .01
45-54 (compared to <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.08 p < .10
55-64 (compared to <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .10
>64 (compared to <25)

Beta's controlled for other individual level 
variables:
- religion
- conservative ideology
- confidence in parliament
- trust most people
- income
- gender
- education
- marital status
- children
- selfemployed
- housewife
- retired
- student
- unemployed
- service attendance (church etc.)
- belief in superior being

Beta's are more negative if additionally 
controlled for aggregated variables at country 
level:
- infant mortality
- years of independence
- share of catholics
- share of protestants
- bicameral system
- openness to trade
- investment price level
- postcommunist
- Asia
- Latin America
- Africa
- Middle East and North Africa


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1997): study ZZ EU 15 1997 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 47.
SourceEuropean Commission,1997, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb47/eb47_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1997
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source B2
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 15-24
2: 25-39
3: 40-54
4: 55+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=
1: 15-24: M = 2,96  CI95: 2,93-2,99
2: 25-39: M = 2,90  CI95: 2,88-2,92 
3: 40-54: M = 2,86  CI95: 2,83-2,88 
4: 55+  : M = 2,99  CI95: 2,97-3,01
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT= p < .05
3,2<1,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyRuprah & Luengas (2011): study ZZ Latin America 1997
TitleMonetary Policy and Happiness: Preferences over Inflation and Unemployment in Latin America.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2011, Vol. 40 , 59 - 66
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2010.08.001
Public15+ aged, general public in 17 Latin American nations, 1997-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =120000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 60
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a) Age in years
b) Age squared
Remarks
Data: Latin-Barometer

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.02 p < .01
Age OPRC (-0.0165)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.00 p < .01
Age squared OPRC (-0.0002) 

OPRC's controlled for:
-Country level:
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
-Individual Level:
  - size of the city
  - wealth
  - education
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - maximum inflation rate experienced(age 18+)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyRuprah (2010): study ZZ Latin America 1997
TitleDoes Owning Your Home Make You Happier? Impact Evidence from Latin America.
SourceWorking Paper OVE/WP-02-10, Inter-American Development Bank, 2010, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/idb/ovewps/0210.html
Public18+ aged, general public, Latin America, 1997-2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =147446

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 8
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cOLRC=-.02 p < .01
AGE
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cOLRC=+.00 p < .01
AGE SQUARED

OLRCs controlled for:
- GDP per capita
- country 
- year
- size of city
- socio-demographic characteristics
  - gender
  - education
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - economic situation
- homeownership


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBall & Chernova (2008): study ZZ 1995 /1
TitleAbsolute Income, Relative Income, and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 497 - 529
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9217-0
Public18+ aged, general public, 18 nations, 1995-1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =20771

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 514
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in Years 
a Age
b Age2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.03 p < .01
Age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.00 p < .001
Age2  
Beta=0.0004

Beta controlled for:
-Interaction between relative and absolute income
-Individual variables
  -Income
  -Marital status
  -Gender
  -Children
  -Employment status
  -Health
  -Religion
-Country (dummies)

No difference if controlled for country variables 
instead of dummies.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBenesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1
TitleTV Channels, Self Control and Happiness.
SourcePaper International Conference "Policies for Happiness", 2007, Siena, Italy
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/benesch_c_2007.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response3.3%
Respondents N =72012

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
A: Chronological Age
B: Age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.09 p < .01
Chronological Age

B (-0.089) controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the 
country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - gender
  - age squared
  - residence
  - employmnet
  - education
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - average TV viewing time in country (in 
minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.00 p < .01
Age Squared

B (0.0008) controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the 
country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - gender
  - age
  - residence
  - employmnet
  - education
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - average TV viewing time in country (in 
minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyWelzel & Inglehart (2010): study ZZ World samples 1995
TitleAgency, Values, and Well-Being: A Human Development Model
SourceJournal of happiness Studies, 2010, Vol. 97, 43 - 63
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9557-z
Public18+ aged, general public, 89 nations, 1995-2005
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =250000

Correlate
Author's labelBiological age
Page in Source 59
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 p < .001
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL age in 76 
nations

b controls for:
-societal characteristics
 -Western tradition
 -agentic life strategies
-individual characteristics
 -biological age
 -female sex
 -income level
 -education level
-interaction between societal characteristics 
(agentic strategy and Western tradition) with 
individual characteristics:
 -communion emphasis (people's emphasis on family 
and friends as important life domains)
 -monetary saturation (satisfaction with financial 
situation of household)
 -agency feeling
 -agency feeling*monetary saturation
 -agency feeling*communion
 -communion*monetary saturation

Method used is hierarchical linear modeling.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPeiro (2006): study ZZ 1995
TitleHappiness, Satisfaction and Socio- Economic Conditions: Some International Evidence.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 348 - 356
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.042
Public16+ aged, general public, 16 nations, 1995
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =16000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 18
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age of individuals in years.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.06 p < .05
Argentina
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.07 p < .01
Australia
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.04 ns
Chile
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.06 p < .05
China
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.07 ns
Dominican Republic
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.17 p < .01
Finland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.06 ns
Japan
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.06 p < .05
Nigeria
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.03 ns
Peru
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.10 p < .01
Russia
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.08 p < .01
Spain
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.06 ns
Sweden
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.01 ns
Taiwan
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.01 ns
USA
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.01 ns
Venezuela
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.06 p < .05
Argentina
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.08 p < .01
Australia
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=+.01 ns
Chile
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.06 p < .01
China
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.13 ns
Dominican Republic
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.12 p < .01
Finland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.10 p < .01
Japan
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.01 ns
Nigeria
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.04 ns
Peru
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.09 p < .01
Russia
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.10 p < .01
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.09 p < .01
Sweden
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=+.02 ns
Taiwan
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.04 p < .05
USA
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaOLRC=-.02 ns
Venezuela

OLRC controlled for:
-health
-gender
-number of children
-marital status
-size of town
-education
-labor market status
-income.

OLRC (Ordered Logit Regression Coefficient) cannot 
be interpreted as an absolute effect-size. The 
coefficients only denote relative differences in 
correlation between age and happiness, e.g.a more 
negative correlation in Finland than in Argentina.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study ZZ OECD member states 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, 32 OECD member states,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92338

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 12,14,15
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=-.02 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.02 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE age in nation

Beta's controlled for:
  - individual characteristics
     - income
     - poverty
     - self rated health
     - employment status
     - education
     - freedom of choice
     - trust in people
     - friends
     - divorced
     - number of children
  - national characteristics
     - national unemployment rate  
     - air pollution
     - national corruption
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.03 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL age SQUARED
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.02 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE age SQUARED

Beta's controlled for:
  - individual characteristics
     - income
     - poverty
     - self rated health
     - employment status
     - education
     - trust in people
     - friends
     - sexe
     - divorced
     - number of children
  - national characteristics
     - national unemployment rate
     - air pollution
     - freedom of choice 
     - national corruption


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyOliver et al. (1996): study ZZ Western nations 1993
TitleQuality of Life and Mental Health Services.
SourceRoutledge, 1996. London, UK
PublicChronic mental patients, UK, USA, 1993-1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response2,6%
Respondents N =1430

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 266/267
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: < 31
2: 31-40
3: 41-50
4: 51-65
5: > 65
Observed distributionN = 1: 267ůů

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-rdv-v-4-aDM=
           Males          Females  
          1   2   3   4     1    2   3   4 
1: < 31  1.3 5.6 3.0 1.9    .4  3.3 2.0  .5
2: 31-40  .9 4.7 3.5 1.4    .6  4.1 2.8 1.4
3: 41-50 1.5 7.1 2.4 1.3   1.2  6.4 3.3 1.7
4: 51-65 1.6 6.9 4.0  .9   2.0  7.0 3.1 1.7
5: > 65   .6 2.7  .9  .2   1.1  3.8  .7  .7
Gemidde 1.18 5.4 2.78 1.14 1.06 4.92 2.38 1.2
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-cDM=
               Males  Females  CI95      
1: < 31   M =  4,21   4,22     4,05-4,37
2: 31-40  M =  4,26   4,16     4,06-4,36
3: 41-50  M =  4.39   4.06     4.09-4.38
4: 51-65  M =  4.27   4.30     4.16-4.42
5: > 65   M =  4.12   4.47     4.12-4.52
gemiddeld M =  4.25   4.42
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=
               Males    Females     CI95
          M    SD    M    SD
1: < 31   53  25.73  55   28.82   50.97-57.48 
2: 31-40  56  28.48  56   25.70   53.00-59.16 
3: 41-50  56  29.42  53   26.82   51.48-57.51
4: 51-65  60  27.93  57   27.37   55.52-61.17 
5: > 65   58  28.23  61   29.09   54.73-64.35
Gemidd  56.6  27.96  56.4 27.56
O-HL-c-rdv-v-4-aDyx=0.0 p < .46
P2= 1.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHayo (2007): study ZZ Eastern Europe 1991
TitleHappiness in Transition: An Emprical Study on Eastern Europe.
SourceEconomic Sytsems, 2007, Vol. 31, 204 - 222
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecosys.2006.08.003
Public18+ aged, general public, Eastern European Countries, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 207,210
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years
Observed distributionM= 46,49; SD=15,97

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-br=+.01
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=+.03 p < .01
lgt controlled for:
- country
- gender
- marital status
- education
- type of employment
- income
- community size
- church attendance
- religion

No substantial changes in reduced logit model
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=.00 p < .0001
U curved relation, age being lowest around age 40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHessami (2009): study ZZ Western Europe 1990
TitleThe Size and Composition of Government Spending in Europe and its Impact of Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 2009, University of Konstanz, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/hessami_z_2009.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 12 European nations, 1990-2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153268

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 18+15, 2x model 5
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.02 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- individual level
  - sexe
  - relative income
  - ideological preferences
  - marital status
  - education
  - employment status
  - number of children
- national level
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
  - total government expenditures
  - public education expenditures
  - public social protection expenditures
  - public health expenditures

Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: 
OPRC= -0,028


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =259947

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Years
Observed distributionRange 15-101, M= 41,15 SD= 16.35

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-0.6 p < .05
B (-0.59) controlled for:
- member of voluntary organization
- active in voluntary organization 
- income
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- gender
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B means 1 extra year goes with 0.06 point lower 
happiness on scale 1-10 (0.59 on scale 10-100)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Low Income Countries: Positional, Relational and Social Capital Compnents.
SourceStudi e Note di Economica, vol. 5, nr 3, pp 449-477
URLhttp://www.mps.it/nr/rdonlyres/4407ffbe-7442-490c-ad49-c03f0cbbb027/34058/sarracino.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 461,466
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
chronological age
Observed distributionM=41.18, SD=16.33

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.04 p < .01
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.02 p < .05
High income nations

OLRC's controlled for:
- socio-demographic aspects:
  - gender
  - education
  - employment 
  - marital status
- wealth
  - income
  - subjective health
- relational goods
  - time spend in social contacts
  - memberships of voluntary organizations
- social capital
  - perceived freedom and control
  - trust in people
  - honesty
- positional goods
  - social class
  - income quintile


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyRadcliff (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleClass Organization and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 513 - 530
Public15+ aged, general public, 17 developed nations, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =17000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 519-521+526
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a:Age in years, six ascending categories
b:Age squared
Remarks
1990 World Values Survey (CPSR 6160) v377

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.20 p < .001
Individual happiness by age.
b (-0,19999)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.03 p < .001
Individual happiness by age squared.
b (+0,02606)

b's controlled for

National characteristics:
-union density
-social democracy
-culture
-GDP per capita
-unemployment

-Individual characteristics:
-union membership
-marital status
-gender
-education
-number of children
-home life quality
-income
-unemployed
-church attendance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVerme (2008): study ZZ World samples 1981
TitleThe Role of Freedom and Control in Explaining Happiness.
SourceLegatum Institute, " The 2008 Legatum Prosperity Index report. Methodology, Data and Findings" , 2008, Dubai, United Arabic Emirats, 78 - 98
Public18+ aged, general public, 74 countries, 1981-2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 94
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=-.05 p < .001
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL age
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+.00 p < .001
Age-squared

In pooled data set:
OLRC controls for:
- individual characteristics
   -income (rank and squared rank)
   -employment
   -gender
   -age (and age squared)
   -tertiary education
   -maried
   -attitudes
    -about cheating on taxes
    -trust in people
    -trust in institutions
    -importance of family
    -importance of work
    -importance of religion
    -importance of politics
-national characteristics
 -GDP (and GDP squared)
 -employment rate (and squared)
-year fixed effects
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-
In 74 nations separately.
Significantly negative in 57 nations.
Significantly positive in one nation.
Not significant in other nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHeukamp & Arino (2011): study ZZ World samples 1981
TitleDoes Country Matter for Subjective Well-Being?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, 100: 155 - 170
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9610-y
Public18+ aged general public, 64 countries, 1981-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =114281

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 159
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Subjects are divided in age group
1: 18-25 (reference category)
2: 35-44
3: 45-54
4: 55-64
5: 65up
Observed distributionRange 0-1 1: M= 0.24, SD= 0.43 2: M= 0.22, SD= 0.41 3: M= 0.15, SD= 0.36 4: M= 0.11, SD= 0.32 5: M= 0.09, SD= 0.29

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.21 p < .000
25 to 34 years (vs <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.32 p < .000
35 to 44 years (vs <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.27 p < .000
45 to 54 years (vs <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.02 ns
55 to 64 years (vs <25)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.28 p < .000
65+ (vs <25) 

B's controlled for: 
- self assessed health
- employment status
- marital status 
- education
- gender
- church attendance 
- belief in god
- membership of voluntary organizations 
- cheating
- trust in people
- relative income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1  <31
2  31-45
3  46-60
4  >60

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
France
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
France
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .01
France
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .01
Great-Britain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Great-Britain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.15
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
West Germany
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .01
West Germany
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.22 p < .01
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .05
Italy
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02
Netherlands
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Netherlands
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04
Netherlands
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
Denmark
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Denmark
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 p < .01
Denmark
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.10 p < .01
Belgium
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.17 p < .01
Belgium
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Belgium
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .01
Spain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 p < .05
Spain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.10
Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
Ireland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 p < .01
Ireland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
Northern Ireland
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Northern Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.14 p < .01
Northern Ireland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.11
EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01
EC

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
EC

▀'s controlled for: marital status, work, income, 
type of dwelling, having children, social 
participation and education.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDMt=-
EC (stratified sample)  
<31                Mt'=  7.11
31-45              Mt'=  7.11
46-60              Mt'=  6.89
>60                Mt'=  6.56
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDMt=▒
EC (stratified sample)
<31                Mt'=  6.67
31-45              Mt'=  6.78
46-60              Mt'=  6.67
>60                Mt'=  6.78
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=<.10
In none of the European countries (except for 
Belgium:▀=-.17) ▀ weights of this variable reached 
.10 level in multiple regression analysis, when 
controlling for:
satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), 
satisfaction with health, income and family life; 
income, education, marital status, having 
children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of 
dwelling, own home, religiousness, social 
participation; uncertainty about future, expected 
negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years 
in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, 
misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of 
control.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=<.10
In none of the european countries (except for 
W.Germany and N.Ireland:▀ =+.10) ▀ weights of this 
variable reached .10 level in multiple regression 
analysis, when controlling for:
satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), 
satisfaction with health, income and family life; 
income, education, marital status, having 
children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of 
dwelling, own home, religiousness, social 
participation; uncertainty about future, expected 
negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years 
in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, 
misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of 
control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPalisi (1985b): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleVoluntary Associations and Well-Being in Three Metropolitan Areas: Cross Cultural Evidence.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 22, 265 - 288
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 276
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
35 or less, 35 - 49, 50 -64.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.16
London
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.04
Los Angeles
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=-.10
Sydney


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyPalisi & Canning (1983): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleUrbanism and Social Psychological Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Test of Three Theories.
SourceThe Sociological Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 24, 527 - 543
PublicMales, metropolitan areas, England, USA, Australia, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 537
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
35/35-49/50-64/65+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=+.09 ns
London 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=+.06 ns
Los Angeles 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=-.04 ns
Sydney 
rpc controled for: Frequency of visits to friends, 
neighborhood (centre or suburb) and type of house 
(single family home or not)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976e): study ZZ Latin America 1976 /1
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Latin America: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976c.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Latin America, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =2059

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source nn
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: under 30
2: 30-49
3: 50 and older
Observed distributionN= 1:898, 2:752, 3:349

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=-
1: M = 6,09 [CI95 5,96-6,23]
2: M = 6,03 [CI95 5,86-6,19]
3: M = 5,80 [CI95 5,55-6,05]
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-atc=-.03 p < .11
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=-
1: M = 2,09 [CI95 2,04-2,13]
2: M = 2,06 [CI95 2,00-2,12]
3: M = 1,91 [CI95 1,83-1,99]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=-.06 p < .00
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
1: M = 6,79 [CI95 6,64-6,93]
2: M = 6,89 [CI95 6,73-7,05]
3: M = 6,63 [CI95 6,38-6,89]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-atc=-.01 p < .62


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976c): study ZZ South Sahara Africa 1976
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Africa: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976i.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, sub Sahara African countries, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =914

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source nn
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: under 30
2: 30-49
3: 50 and older
Observed distributionN= 1:373, 2:349, 3:109

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
1: M = 4,75 [CI95 4,55-4,94]
2: M = 4,46 [CI95 4,25-4,67]
3: M = 4,68 [CI95 4,22-5,14]
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-atc=-.03 ns
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=
1: M = 1,98 [CI95 1,90-2,06]
2: M = 1,75 [CI95 1,68-1,82]
3: M = 1,86 [CI95 1,72-1,99]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=-.09 p < .00
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
1: M = 5,21 [CI95 4,67-5,55]
2: M = 4,44 [CI95 4,22-4,68]
3: M = 5,11 [CI95 5,02-5,40]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-atc=-.09 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976d): study ZZ East Asia 1976 /2
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Far East: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976e.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Far East countries, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =872

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source nn
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: under 30
2: 30-49
3: 50 and older
Observed distributionN= 1:275, 2:421, 3:171

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=-
1: M = 4,91 [CI95 4,67-5,14]
2: M = 3,93 [CI95 3,71-4,14]
3: M = 3,50 [CI95 3,16-3,83]
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-atc=-.24 p < .00
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=-
1: M = 1,69 [CI95 1,62-1,75]
2: M = 1,55 [CI95 1,49-1,62]
3: M = 1,47 [CI95 1,38-1,57]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=-.12 p < .00
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=-
1: M = 5,26 [CI95 5,03-5,49]
2: M = 4,19 [CI95 3,97-4,41]
3: M = 3,64 [CI95 3,29-4,00]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-atc=-.27 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBlanchflower (2004): study ZZ Europe 1975 /1
TitleSelf-Employment: More May not be Better.
SourceNBER Working Paper 10286, 2004, Cambridge, USA
URLhttp://www.nber.org/papers/w10286
Public18+aged, general public, 17 European countries, 1975-1998
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =480000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 45-46
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age in years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-blgt=-.02
AGE

Workers only
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-blgt=-.02
All
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-blgt=+.00
AGE-SQUARED

Workers only
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-blgt=+.00
All

Lgt controls not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyDiTella & MacCulloch (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1975
TitleGross National Happiness as an Answer to the Easterlin Paradox?
SourceJournal of Development Economics, 2008, Vol. 86, 22 - 42
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2007.06.2008
Public15+ aged, general public, OECD Nations, 1975-1997
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =371149

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 29
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a) age in years
b) age squared

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.03 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness by individual's age
Age OPRC (-0.029)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC= p < .05
Age squared OPRC (3.3e-4)

OPRC's controlled for:
-National characteristics:
  -GDP per capita
  -GDP growth
  -life expectancy
  -Sox emissions
  -hours worked
  -crime rate
  -divorce rate
  -inflation rate
  -unemployment rate
  -openness
  -unemployment benefits
-Personal characteristics:
  -personal income position
  -employment state
  -male
  -education
  -marital status
  -size of community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study ZZ EU 9 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =9605

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 139/153
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 15-24 
2: 24-54 
3: 55+
Observed distribution1: N= 1699; 2: N= 4959; 3: N= 2947

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.10 p < . 01
Females : G' = -.19 (01)
Males   : G' = -.00 (ns)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns
Males   : G' = +.05 (05)
Females : G' = -.07 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ▒1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 259
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
-29 / 30-49 / 50+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.05 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVan Dongen & De Graaf (2012): study NL 2012
TitleDe Gelukkige Dokter.
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 2012, 1 - 15
URLhttps://www.ntvg.nl/artikelen/de-gelukkige-dokter/icmje
PublicPhysicians, Netherlands, 2012
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response60%
Respondents N =401

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 6
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 : < 30     
2 : 30-48  
3 : > 48
Observed distribution1: 35 %, 2: 33 %, 3: 32 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aDM=+
<30:   M = 7.4
30-48: M = 7.6
>48:   M = 7.8
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyVanBeuningen & Kloosterman (2011): study NL 2009
TitleSubjectief Welzijn: Welke Factoren spelen een Rol? (Subjective Well-Being, Which Factores are Important?)
SourceBevolkingstrends, 4e kwartaal 2011, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), Netherlands
URLhttps://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/50FF24EA-D783-40E4-B13C-9D7CAF89E8E7/0/2011k4p85b15art.pdf
Publicaged 18+, Netherlands, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6878

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 92,89
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
Age categories:
a. 18-24 years
b. 25-34 years
c. 35-44 years
d. 45-54 years
e. 55-64 years
f.  65-74 years
g. 75 years and older

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dD%=+/-
a. 91%
b. 91%
c. 89%
d. 88%
e. 89%
f. 87%
g. 81%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+/-
a. 90%
b. 89%
c. 86%
d. 84%
e. 89%
f. 89%
g. 85%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-db=+.00
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-db=+.00
B's controled for:
- household income per year
- holiday
- financial independancy
- health
- scholing
- socio-economic category
- trust in parliament
- participation in societies
- contact with family
- contact with friends
- social trust
- having partner
- children in household
- feelings in unsafety
- community feeling
- urbanity
- sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyDeJonge et al. (2009): study NL 2006
TitleLiving a Happy, Healthy and Satisfying Life.
SourceStatisics Netherlands, 2009, Netherlands
URLHTTP://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/63/3/43705841.pdf
Public12+ aged, The Netherlands, 2006-2009
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 1 + 6
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. 12-24
2. 25-44
3. 45-64
4. 65-plus
Remarks
Respondents who answered positively to the question of 
happiness and satisfaction with life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
% happy, ALL
1. 93.4 %
2. 90.4 %
3. 87.1 %
4. 84.6 %
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
% happy, WOMEN
1. 93.2
2. 90.7
3. 85.7
d. 82.2
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
% happy, MEN
1. 93.5
2. 90.1
3. 88.4
4. 87.8
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=-
% happy ALL
1. 93.2
2. 87.7
3. 86.4
d. 87.1
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=-
W% happy, WOMEN
1. 92.3
2. 87.6
3. 85.5
4. 86.4
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=-
% happy, MENMen
1. 94.1
2. 87.7
3. 87.3
4. 88.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyWetsteijn (2008): study NL 2004
TitleHet Goede Leven: de Relatie tussen Geluk en Leefstijl in Nederland. (The Good Life: the Relation between Happiness and Lifestyle in the Netherlands.)
SourceMaster Thesis, 2008, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wetsteijn_j_2008.pdf
Public15-80 aged, Netherlands, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1693

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 13
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-cr=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 12-17
2: 18-24
3: 25-34
4: 35-44
5: 45-54
6: 55-64
7: 65-74
8: 75+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=-
1: 12-17 M = 4,15 CI95 [4,12-4,18]
2: 18-24 M = 4,12 CI95 [4,09-4,15]
3: 25-34 M = 4,18 CI95 [4,16-4,20]
4: 35-44 M = 4,05 CI95 [4,03-4,07]
5: 45-54 M = 4.04 CI95 [4.02-4.06]
6: 55-64 M = 3,98 CI95 [3,96-4,01]
7: 65-74 M = 3,99 CI95 [3,96-4,02]
8: 75+   M = 3,85 CI95 [3,81-3,89]
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
All differences significant except 1-2, 1-3, 5,4 
5-7 and 6-7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDM=-
1: 12-17 M = 3,58 CI95 [3,54-3,62]
2: 18-24 M = 3,40 CI95 [3,36-3,44]
3: 25-34 M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,47]
4: 35-44 M = 3,33 CI95 [3,30-3,36]
5: 45-54 M = 3,27 CI95 [3,24-3,30]
6: 55-64 M = 3,29 CI95 [3,26-3,32]
7: 65-74 M = 3,31 CI95 [3,27-3,35]
8: 75+   M = 3,14 CI95 [3,09-3,19]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bBMCT= p < .05
1>2,3>4>5,6,7>8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 147
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
a:Age  18-34
b:Age  35-44
c:Age  45-64
d:Age=>65
Observed distributiona: 43,4%; b: 25,8%; c: 22,8%; d: 8,0%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.01 ns
Age 35-44 (vs. Age 18-34)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=-.03 ns
Age 45-64 (vs. Age 18-34)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=-.03 ns
Age =>65 (vs. Age 18-34)
Beta's controlled for
-gender
-ethnic groups
-education
-smoking
-overweight
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total outsourcing expenditures
-total household and caretime
-homeownership
-living in urbanm area
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTerBogt et al. (2003): study NL 2001
TitlePsychische Gezondheid, Risicogedrag en Welbevinden van Nederlandse Scholieren. ( Psychlogical Health, Risk Behavior and Well-Being of Dutch Adolescents).
SourceResearch Report Trimbos Institute, University of Utrecht, 2003, Utrecht, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/terbogt_t_2003.pdf
Public11-15 aged schoolchildren, the Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7556

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 39
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1 12-13
2 14-15
3 16-17
Remarks
Secondary school pupils only (N =5730)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=- p < .05
       Boys  Girls
12-13  8,3   8,2 
14-15  8,0   7,6
16-17  7,8   7,2
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aOR=0,78 p < .05
age 16-17 

OR is chance of being happy (score 7 or higher)
OR controlled for:
- gender
- ethnicity
- schooltype

OR reversed; in paper reported as chance of being 
Unhappy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudySchmeets (2001): study NL 1997
TitleJong en Gelukkig. (Young and Happy).
SourceIndex, 2001, April nr. 4, 8 - 9
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/schmeets_h_2001A.pdf
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1997-1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 9
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 15-17 years
2: 18-24 years
3: 25+ years
Observed distributionN= 3000
Remarks
Only for year 1999

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dDM=-
                 M*    SD     Difference
15-17 years:   2,05   0,80
18-24 years:   2,00   0,83     -0,05
25+ years:     1,80   0,79     -0,20
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBMCT= p < .05
3<2,1
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=-
                 M*    SD      Difference
15-17 years:   2,94    0,24
18-24 years:   2,91    0,32       -0,03
25+ years:     2,85    0,43       -0,06
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
3<2,1

* 5-point happiness scales reduced to 3-points


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyBergsma et al. (2011a): study NL 1996 /1
TitleMost People with Mental Disorders are Happy: A 3-year Follow-Up in the Dutch General Population.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, Vol. 6, 253 - 259
DOIDOI:10.1080/17439760.2011.577086
Public18-65 aged, diagnosed as having mental disorder, Netherlands, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =1138

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 15
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
 1:  18-24
 2:  25-34
 3:  35-44
 4:  45-54
 5:  55-65 (reference category)
Observed distribution1: 21,2 %; 2 : 25,1%; 3 : 24,5%; 4 : 18,3%; 5 : 10,9%;

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ab=▒
18-24  B = +.31; CI95 [+.03- +.59]
25-34  B = -.01; CI95 [-.24- +.23]
35-44  B = -.11; CI95 [-.35- +.13]
45-54  B = -.24; CI95 [-.49- +.02]
55-64  (reference category)

B's controlled for:
-gender
-education
-living with partner
-employment
-urbanicity
-kind of disorder
-number of disorders
-role functioning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyDeVries et al. (1994): study NL 1992
TitleMaatschappelijke Participatie van Alleenstaanden. (Social Participation of Singles).
SourceSWOKA, Institute for Comsumer Research,1994, Report Nr. 143, The Hague, Netherlands
Public30-65 aged singles, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =460

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 117
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1. 30-44
2. 45-54
3. 55-65
Observed distributionN = 1: 248, 2: 108, 3: 104

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=- ns
30-44: M = 4,06 (CI95 3,95-4,18)
45-54: M = 4,04 (CI95 3,86-4,21)
55-65: M = 3,94 (CI95 3,76-4,13)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~CBS (1992): study NL 1991
TitleLeefsituatie van de Nederlands Bevolking 1991. Kerncijfers. (Lifesituation of the Dutch 1991.)
SourceS.D.U./C.B.S. Publications, 1992, The Hague, Netherlands
Public13+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6061

Correlate
Author's labelage
Page in Source 58,59
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 13-17
2: 18-24
3: 25-34
4: 35-44
5: 45-54
6: 55-64
7: 65-74
8: 75+
Observed distributionN: Females=3448 Males=2613

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=-
% very satisfied
             all     males      females
1: 13-17      74       76          72
2: 18-24      63       63          63
3: 25-34      57       57          58
4: 35-44      54       54          53
5: 45-54      42       43          42
6: 55-64      49       51          46
7: 65-74      47       50          45
8: 75+        40       45          37
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
% very happy
              all     males      females
1: 13-17      94        95          94
2: 18-24      89        91          87
3: 25-34      91        91          90
4: 35-44      89        90          88
5: 45-54      84        84          84
6: 55-64      88        90          86
7: 65-74      84        88          81
8: 75+        82        86          80


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1017

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent age
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1   18 - 29 years
2   30 - 39 years
3   40 - 49 years
4   50 - 59 years
5   60 - 69 years
6   70 - 79 years
7   80 +

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
1       M=7.89      Mt=7.6
2       M=7.88      Mt=7.6
3       M=7.70      Mt=7.4
4       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
5       M=8.10      Mt=7.9
6       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
7       Less than 10 Ss
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=2.01      Mt=7.0
2       M=2.05      Mt=7.1
3       M=1.61      Mt=6.6
4       M=1.86      Mt=6.9
5       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
6       M= .92      Mt=5.9
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=
1       M=3.45     Mt=8.2
2       M=3.46     Mt=8.2
3       M=3.32     Mt=7.7
4       M=3.34     Mt=7.8
5       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
6       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
7       Less than 10 Ss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.12 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.09 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.11 p < .05
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.07 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.00 ns
▀ controlled for sex and household income 
( r and ▀ computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~CBS (1991): study NL 1989
TitleDe Leefsituatie van de Nederlandse Bevolking 1989, Kerncijfers.(Life Situation of the Dutch Population 1989.)
SourceS.D.U./C.B.S. Publications, 1991, The Hague, Netherlands
Public13+aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1989
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =2967

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 46
Our classificationCurrent age (in years), code A04ab
Operationalization
1: 13-17
2: 18-24
3: 25-34
4: 35-44
5: 45-54
6: 55-64
7: 65-74
8: 75- >

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
%happy
        All     Males    Females
1:       87      85        90
2:       89      87        92
3:       90      90        89
4:       89      91        90
5:       86      85        87
6:       84      84        85
7:       82      87        78
8:       83      88        80
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=
%satisfied
        All      Males    Females
1:       73      75        71
2:       62      60        65
3:       56      57        55
4:       44      57        51
5:       46      47        44
6:       53      55        51
7:       41      46        38
8:       44      51        40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current age (in years)
Subject code: A04ab

Study~Algemeen Dagblad (1988): study NL 1988
TitleActualiteitsmeting Geluk in Nederland. (Actual Measurement of Happiness in the Netherlands).
SourceUnpublished Research Report i.o.o. Algemeen Dagblad, 1988, Centrum voor Marketing Analyse & Sociaal Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Amsterdam, Netherlands