Findings on Happiness and ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)
Subject Code: A02

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
A02ad03gSatisfaction with physical activity7
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)1
A02aaActivity career0
A02aa01Earlier activity pattern1
A02aa02Change in activity pattern5
A02aa03Later activity pattern0
A02abCurrent activity pattern14
A02adAttitudes to own activity pattern5
A02ad01Want for new activities0
A02ad02Satisfaction with activity-pattern6
A02ad04Time spend on disliked activities2
A02acSpecific activities8
A02ac01Eating0
A02ac11aHousehold work3
A02ac11bPaid work0
A02ac08Studying5
A02ac03Leisure8
A02ac07Socializing16
A02ac09Sporting5
A02ac10Traveling3
A02ac11cVoluntary work, helping people3
A02ac05Shopping0
A02ac04Repairing0
A02ad03jSatisfaction with repairing1
A02ad03kSatisfaction with shopping1
A02ad03Satisfaction with specific activities2
A02ad03cSatisfaction with music making1
A02ad03bSatisfaction with misic listening2
A02ad03dSatisfaction with going to cinema1
A02ad03aSatisfaction with artistic activities2
A02ad03iSatisfaction with reading1
A02ad03eSatisfaction with internetting1
A02ad03hSatisfaction with use of radio and TV1
A02ad03lSatisfaction with socializing6
A02ac02Festivities0
A02ac06Social media1
A02ac11Working0
A02ad03fSatisfaction with out-door activities1
A02ac11dWork activities1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=A02
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)
Subject code: A02

StudyChiriboga (1975): study US 1969
TitlePerceptions of Well-Being.
SourceLowenthal, M.F.;et al;Eds.: "Four Stages of Life", Jossey Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA, 84 - 98
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelNongoal-directed activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does), code A02
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled non-goal directed activities (routine 
maintenance such as getting up, eating, bathing, etc.). 
They were also asked what they did "yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
Preretirement: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.41 p < .05
Preretirement: women
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br= ns
High School: men
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=+.43 p < .05
High School: women


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier activity pattern
Subject code: A02aa01

StudyBaker et al. (2005): study US 1986
TitleProductive Activities and Subjective Well-Being among Older Adults: The Influence of Number of Activities and Time Commitment.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 73, 431 - 458
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-005-0805-6
Public60+ aged, USA, followed 3 years 1986-1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1279

Correlate
Author's labelPhysical activity
Page in Source 443
Our classificationEarlier activity pattern, code A02aa01
Operationalization
Self reported activities in the last year:
- gardening
- taking walks
- exercising, sports

Rated:
0 Never
1 Rarely
2 Sometimes
3 Often
Observed distributionRange 0-9, M = 5,0, SD = 2,6
Remarks
Assessed at T1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.19 p < .05
T1 physical activities by T2 happiness
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.11 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.08 p < .05
B (+.079) controlled for:
- T1 activity in voluntary associations
- T1 health
- T1 social support
- T1 religious participation
- Demographic variables
   - age
   - gender
   - education
   - race
   - marital status
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.04 p < .05
B (+.041) controlled for:
- Demographic variables
   - age
   - gender
   - education
   - race
   - marital status
- T1 health
- T1 kind of activities 
   - physical activity
   - social activities
   - religious participation
- T1 social support
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.02 ns
B (+0,020) additionally controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in activity pattern
Subject code: A02aa02

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelChange in Meeting friends and relatives
Page in Source 36-41
Our classificationChange in activity pattern, code A02aa02
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in selfreport on single question:
How often do you meet friends or relatives who are not 
living with you, whether here at your home or 
elsewhere?
1 never or less often than once a month
2 once or twice a month
3 once or twice a week
4 on most days

Change in social network from T1 to T2
a Remain the same 
b Increased in frequency
c Reduced in frequency
Observed distributionRange= a-d:1-4 M=3,31 SD(within)=0.54 Frequencies in %: All Men Women Age<=30 Age>30 1: 2 3 2 1 3 2: 11 12 9 6 13 3: 40 42 39 31 44 4: 47 43 50 62 40
Remarks
Due to a small number of respondents Less often than 
once a month is considered as Never

T1=average 1997-2000, T2=2002

T

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=-
NO CHANGE IN MEETINGS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
1 to 1:   -.02          1,43       346
2 to 2:   -.03          1,15     1.565
3 to 3:   -.03          1,14    10.153
4 to 4:   -.04          1,25    13.248
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=+
INCREASE IN MEETINGS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
1 to 2:   +.03          1,35     316
1 to 3:   +.06          1,34     326
1 to 4:   +.01          1,50     234

2 to 3:   -.03          1,21    1.739 
2 to 4:   +.01          1,26     894

3 to 4:   +.00          1,20    5374
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=--
DECREASE IN MEETINGS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
2 to 1:   -.05          1,30     322

3 to 1:   -.11          1,43     332
3 to 2:   -.05          1,16    2.008

4 to 1:   -.26          1,33     246 
4 to 2:   -.05          1,29     949
4 to 3:   -.04          1,21    5.675
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.12 p < .01
2 once or twice a month (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.14 p < .01
3 once or twice a week (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.17 p < .01
4 on most days (vs. 1)

B's are estimated by means of fixed effects 
estimators instead of OLS.

B's controlled for:
- frequency of talking to neighbours
- gender

- age
- real household income
- marital status
- employment status 
- look after home
- health status
- education level
- household size
- home ownership
- days spent in hospital
- number of children

Adittional control variables about quality of 
accommodation and neighbourhood do not make a 
difference:
- shortage of space
- noise from neighbours
- street noise
- not enough lights
- lack of adequate heating
- condensation
- leaky roof
- damp wall, floors, etc.
- rot windows, floors, etc
- pollution/environmental problems
- vandalism or crime
- average district income

Fixed effect estimators differ significantly from 
OLS estimators denoting a positive inborn 
personality bias on the observed relationship 
between frequency of social contacts, income and 
life satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in activity pattern
Subject code: A02aa02

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelChange in Talking to neighbours
Page in Source 36-41
Our classificationChange in activity pattern, code A02aa02
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in selfreport on single question: How 
often do you talk to your neighbours?
1 never or less often than once a month
2 once or twice a month
3 once or twice a week
4 on most days

Change in talking to neighbours from T1 to T2
a Remain the same 
b Increased in frequency
c Reduced in frequency
Observed distributionRange= a-d:1-4 M=3,02 SD(within)=0,48 Frequencies in %: All Men Women Age<=30 Age>30 1: 10 10 9 16 7 2: 15 16 14 17 14 3: 40 42 38 36 41 4: 36 33 39 31 38
Remarks
Due to a small number of respondents Less often than 
once a month is considered as Never

T1=average 1997-2000, T2=2002

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=-
NO CHANGE IN TALKING TO NEIGHBOURS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
1 to 1:   -.08          1,32    1.376
2 to 2:   -.03          1,13    2.024
3 to 3:   -.02          1,08    9.287
4 to 4:   -.03          1,26   12.098
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=+
INCREASE IN TALKING TO NEIGHBOURS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
1 to 2:   +.00          1,24     879
1 to 3:   -.00          1,41     851
1 to 4:   +.17          1,49     432

2 to 3:   +.04          1,14    2.180 
2 to 4:   +.02          1,26     614

3 to 4:   -.02          1,22    4.634
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=--
DECREASE IN TALKING TO NEIGHBOURS

        Average change   SD      N
        in happiness           
2 to 1:   -.11          1,27     842

3 to 1:   -.13          1,32     773
3 to 2:   -.05          1,15    2.272

4 to 1:   -.05          1,54     424 
4 to 2:   -.07          1,39     617
4 to 3:   -.08          1,22    4.413
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.01 ns
2 once or twice a month (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.05 p < .05
3 once or twice a week (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.07 p < .01
4 on most days (vs. 1)

B's are estimated by means of fixed effects 
estimators instead of OLS.

B's controlled for:
- frequency of talking to neighbours
- gender
- age
- real household income
- marital status
- employment status 
- look after home
- health status
- education level
- household size
- home ownership
- days spent in hospital
- number of children

Adittional control variables about quality of 
accommodation and neighbourhood do not make a 
difference:
- shortage of space
- noise from neighbours
- street noise
- not enough lights
- lack of adequate heating
- condensation
- leaky roof
- damp wall, floors, etc.
- rot windows, floors, etc
- pollution/environmental problems
- vandalism or crime
- average district income

Fixed effect estimators differ significantly from 
OLS estimators denoting a positive inborn 
personality bias on the observed relationship 
between frequency of social contacts, income and 
life satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in activity pattern
Subject code: A02aa02

StudyOstir et al. (2006): study US 2001
TitleDoes Change in Functional Performance Affect Quality of Life in Persons with Orthopaedic Impairment.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 77, 79 - 93
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-5554-z
Public40+ orthopedic patients, 3 month after discharge, USA, 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response228
Respondents N =3751

Correlate
Author's labelChange in motor functional status
Page in Source 83-86
Our classificationChange in activity pattern, code A02aa02
Operationalization
Subscale of Functional Independence Measure (FIM) 18 
item selfreport measure of basic daily living skills

Motor subscale contains items on:
- self-care
- sphincter control
- mobility
- locomotion

Scored 1 (complete dependence) to 7 (complete 
independence)
Remarks
Assessed at admission(T1) and after discharge(T2) with 
average 3 month interval.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-bOR=1.08
T2 happines by T1-T2 CHANGE in motor functional 
independance controled for:
-age(range 40-102)
-gender
-mental status
-race
-length of stay
CI95: (1.07-1.09)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in activity pattern
Subject code: A02aa02

StudySheldon & Lyubomirsky (2006a): study US 2001
TitleAchieving Sustainable Gains in Happiness: Change Your Actions not Your Circumstances.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol.7, 55 - 86
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-0868-8
PublicPsychology students, USA, followed 12 weeks, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =669

Correlate
Author's labelActivity change
Page in Source 70
Our classificationChange in activity pattern, code A02aa02
Operationalization
Selfreport of change in activity over last 6 weeks on a 
5-point-scale ranging from 1 (no positive change) to 5 
(much positive change)
Observed distributionMean = 3.39, SD = 1.08
Remarks
Assessed at T2
T1: at beginning of semester
T2: 6 weeks later
T3: 12 weeks later

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aDM=
Set Image size:   

M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.12 p < .01
T1-T2 retrospective change in activity by T2 
happiness
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.12 p < .01
T1-T2 retrospective change in activity by T3 
happiness

Beta's controlled for
- T1 happiness (indicating change in happiness)
- retrospective T1-T2 change in circumstances


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in activity pattern
Subject code: A02aa02

StudySheldon & Lyubomirsky (2006a): study US 2001 /1
TitleAchieving Sustainable Gains in Happiness: Change Your Actions not Your Circumstances.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol.7, 55 - 86
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-0868-8
PublicPsychology students, USA, followed 12 weeks, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =204

Correlate
Author's labelActivity change
Page in Source 77
Our classificationChange in activity pattern, code A02aa02
Operationalization
Selfreport on change over the last 6 weeks:
a the extent to with they have experienced activity 
change
b extent the goals, projects or strivings changed
c extent the diet, exercise, or other self-maintenance 
activiity changed
d extent the conscieous attitudes or mental approach to 
life changed

computation: average a, b, c and d

Classification
Group1: activity change above 1 SD, circumstancial 
change at the sample mean
Group2: activity change at the sample mean, 
circumstancial change above 1 SD
Error Estimateseach item loaded on the factor at .56, no cross-loading greater than .24 ?=.60
Remarks
Assessed at T2
T1: at the beginning of the semester
T2: 6 weeks later
T3: 12 weeks later

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aDM=
Set Image size:   

M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.19 p < .01
T2 retrospective activity change by T2 happiness
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.19 p < .01
T2 retrospective activity change by T3 happiness

Beta's controlled for
- T1 happiness (indicating change in happiness)
- retrospective T1-T2 change in circumstances


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyOishi et al. (2007a): study 1981
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00048.x
Public18+ aged, general public, 96 nations, 1981-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =118519

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteer activities
Page in Source 350-351
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Self reported: respondents indicated (in 
deciles)whether they participated in (any of) 15 types 
of volunteer work.
Observed distributionRange 0,51-1,02; similar for men and women. M: males: 0,80. Females: 0,66.
Remarks
Data: Pooled World Values Surveys 1981, 1990,1995 and 
2000.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aDM=+ p < .001
The most happy (10) engage more in volunteer 
activities than moderately happy (9 or 8)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.04 p < .001
Most happy people participate in volunteer 
activities, as expected on the basis of a linear 
model. Non-linear model is not significant.


Control variables not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyLomranz et al. (1988): study IL Tel Aviv 1983
TitleIndoor and Outdoor Activities of Aged Women and Man as Related to Depression and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal Aging and Human Development, 1988, Vol. 26, 303 - 314
DOIDOI: 10.2190/QPEW-N6QX-FWDE-LA7E
Public60-80 aged, Israel, 1983
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelOutdoor activity
Page in Source 307-309
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Self report on doing the activities outside home during 
the last week:
a: attending synagogue
b: participating in study groups (such as Bible, 
literature)
c: participating in artistic group activities (such as 
music, handicraft etc)
d: social games
e: acting as a member in an organization
f: performing volunteer activities
g: going out for entertainment (such as theatre, 
cinema, etc)
h: social meetings with friends and neighbors
i: family meetings
j: attending special events or ceremonies
k: attending pensioners' clubs
l: any other outdoor activity that participant wished 
to add

Rated:
1: never
2: seldom
3: often
4: constantly

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.29 p < .05
Females
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.15 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.45 p < .01
Males
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.35 p < .05
rpc's controled for satisfaction with outdoor 
activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyLomranz et al. (1988): study IL Tel Aviv 1983
TitleIndoor and Outdoor Activities of Aged Women and Man as Related to Depression and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal Aging and Human Development, 1988, Vol. 26, 303 - 314
DOIDOI: 10.2190/QPEW-N6QX-FWDE-LA7E
Public60-80 aged, Israel, 1983
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelIndoor activity
Page in Source 306-309
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Self report on how often participants performed  in his 
or her home the following indoor activities during last 
week:
a: listening to radio
b: watching television
c: reading a newspaper or book
d: writing letters
e: doing any physical training
f: studying (alone) the Bible languages etc
g: doing any handwork (such as knitting)
h: performing any housekeeping duties
i: doing any hobby
j: cooking and baking
k: speaking on the telephone
l: performing special works at home such as gardening, 
repairing etc
m: any other indoor activity that participant wished to 
add

Rated:
1: never
2: seldom
3: often
4: constantly

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=-.05 ns
Females
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=-.08 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.33 p < .05
Males
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.24 ns
rpc's controled for satisfaction with indoor 
activity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyNuvolati (2004): study IT 1996
TitleCommuting and Quality of Life. The Italian Case.
SourcePaper 6the Congress ISQOLS, 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/nuvolati_g_2004.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response1,7%
Respondents N =3561

Correlate
Author's labelTransport to go to work
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
a: car
b: train
c: bus
d: bike
e: feet

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=
% Satisfied
car  : 84,8
train: 84,2
bus  : 82,9
bike : 88,6
walk : 79,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyLee (2003): study KR 2000
TitleDaily Contextual Variations in Levels of Adolescent Happiness.
SourceThe Korean Journal of Development Psychology, 2003, Vol. 16, 193 - 209
PublicMiddle school students, South Korea, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response24
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labeldaily activity
Page in Source 200
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Time spend on activities:
A study 
B active leisure
C passive leisure
D interpersonal relationship
E living maintenance

Assessed using experience sampling during one week. 
When beeped Ss answered the open question:'What do you 
do right now'. Responses were later classified in these 
5 categories.
Higher scores mean more time spend on this activity

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-mi-mqr-v-4-aDM=
     M     SD
A   1.06   .87
B   1.91   .98
C   1.69   .99
D   1.66  1.05
E   1.27   .96
A-AOL-mi-mqr-v-4-aBMCT= p < .05
B>C,D>E>A


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyGagliardi et al. (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2000
TitleAssociations of Personal and Mobility Resources with Subjective Well-being Among Older Adults in Italy and Germany.
SourceArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2010, Vol. 50, 42 -47
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494309000326
Public55+ aged, Germany and Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2118

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in religious activities
Page in Source 44
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution% Yes: Germany: 32% (N=1518) Italy: 46% (N=600)
Remarks
Full question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=1.59 p < .001
Germany: CI95 [1.2-2.1]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=1.31 p < .162
Italy: CI95 [0.9-1.9]

The authors divided life satisfaction into two 
groups of high and low life satisfaction for 
logistic regression, with the 75th percentile 
being the cut-off point.

OR is adjusted for:
- age
- gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2005): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleMobility and the Quality of Life.
SourceMollenkopf, H; et al; Eds.: "Enhanching Mobility in Later Life", IOS Press, 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 279 - 288
Public55+ aged, 6 European Countries, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelOutdoor mobility
Page in Source 284
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Factor based on:
A: transport modes used
B: outdoor activities
C: realised mobility
Error EstimatesFactor loadings:A: +.64; B: +.70; C: +.39

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-110-aBeta=+.76 p < .001
Beta's controlled for:
- Age 
- Gender
- SES
- Vision
- Physical mobility
- Visumotoric coordination
- External control belief
- Urban vs rural
- Residential area
- Variety of social network
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyRode (2013): study ZZ World samples 1995
TitleDo Good Institutions Make Citizens Happy, or Do Happy Citizens Build Better Institutions?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2013, vol. 14, 1479 - 1505
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10902-012-9391-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-012-9391-x
Public18+ years, general public, 87 countries, 1995-2005
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =180000

Correlate
Author's labelAverage memberships
Page in Source 1488
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Average number of memberships in nine different types 
of voluntary organizations.
Observed distributionM=0,08 SD=0,06

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+3.0 p < .01
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE memberships
In 87 nations

b controls for:
-average memberships
-importance of God
-log GDP per capita (PPP)
-unemployment rate
-divorce rate
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+2.0 p < .10
b additionally controls for:
-economic freedom
-democracy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.2 ns
b additionally controls for:
-regional dummies
-period dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.7 p < .10
b controls for: 
-size of government INSTEAD of economic freedom
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.6 p < .10
b controls for: 
-legal system and property rights INSTEAD of 
economic freedom
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.5 ns
b controls for: 
-sound money INSTEAD of economic freedom
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.9 p < .05
b controls for: 
-freedom to trade INSTEAD of economic freedom
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.2 ns
b controls for: 
-regulation INSTEAD of economic freedom
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.0 ns
In 61 poor countries (GDP per capita less than 
$20,000)

Similar coefficients are obtained when size of 
government, legal system and property rights, 
sound money, freedom to trade and regulation are 
controlled for INSTEAD of economic freedom.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.9 p < .10
In 43 rich countries (GDP per capita more than 
$10,000)

Similar coefficients are obtained when size of 
government, legal system and property rights, 
sound money, freedom to trade and regulation are 
controlled for INSTEAD of economic freedom.

b controls for:
-average memberships
-importance of God
-log GDP per capita (PPP)
-unemployment rate
-divorce rate
-democracy
-economic freedom
-regional dummies
-period dummies

Similar results are obtained when economic freedom 
is instrumented by:
- air distance to New York, Rotterdam, and Tokyo
- the fraction of the population that speaks 
English as a mother tongue

In sum: When significant, average memberships is 
positively associated average life satisfaction in 
nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyBruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =259947

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary activities
Page in Source 7-16
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Kind of voluntary organizations actively involved in:
a: church, religious
b: sports, recreation
c: arts, music, educational
d: labor union
e: political party
f: environmental
g: professional
h: charity

0: no
1: yes
Observed distributionRange 0-1 a: M= 0,13, SD=0,33 b: M= 0.10, SD=0.30 c: M= 0.07, SD=0.25 d: M= 0.04, SD=0.19 e: M= 0.04, SD=0.19 f: M= 0.03, SD=0.17 g: M= 0.04, SD=0.20 h: M= 0.06, SD=0.23

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,4 p < .05
Church                  B: 1,41, t: 6,03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.95 p < .05
Sports                  B: 0,95, t: 4,21
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,4 p < .05
Arts                    B: 1,43, t: 5,69
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.16 ns
Labor union             B: 1,41, t: 6,03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.14 ns
Politics                B: 0,95, t: 4,21
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.65 ns
Environment             B: 0,65, t: 1,61
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.35 ns
Professional            B: 0,35, t: 1,13
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,8 p < .05
Charity                 B: 1,78, t: 6,13

B's controlled for:
- member of any voluntary organization
- active in any voluntary organization
- income
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- age
- gender
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B's estimated individually in separate equations 
(model a)
Not different when estimated jointly (models c and 
d)

B is points greater happiness on range 10-100 of 
people who participate in that kind of 
organization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyDuimel (2007): study NL 2005
TitleTieners en Geluk: Liever een Leven Online dan een Gezinsleven? ( Teenage Happiness: Link with Familylife and Life On-Line.)
SourceSchnabel, P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in 2007", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 130 - 135
PublicTeenagers, Netherlands, 200?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1561

Correlate
Author's labelspecific activities together with at least one parent
Page in Source 132
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Selfreported activities together with parents:
-having breakfast/dinner
-watchting tv
-talking

1= less than once a week
2= at least once a week

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=+
Breakfast together with parent(s)
1: M =        7,5
2: M =        7,9
Difference   +0,4
O-SQL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=+
Supper together with parent(s)
1: M =        7,2
2: M =        7,7
Difference   +0,5
O-SQL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=+
TV-watching together with parent(s)
1: M =        7,4
2: M =        7,8
Difference   +0,4
O-SQL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=+
Talking with parent(s)
1: M =        7,5
2: M =        7,9
Difference   +0,4
O-SQL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=+
Average activities together with parent(s)
1: M =        7,5
2: M =        7,8
Difference   +0,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelSocial activities
Page in Source 15
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Reported number and importance of activities in: 
a: clubs
b: local organizations, groups
c: evening/educational class
e: place of worship
d: cinema, theatre, place of entertainment
e: voluntary work
f: game or sport, swimming, keep fit, dancing, walking, 

g: library
h: gardening
i: caring: for child er of someone ill/frail, other; 
j: voting
h: frequency of getting out of house, holidays/outings

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.12
Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.23 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyLinn & McGranahan (1980): study US 1984
TitlePersonal Disruptions, Social Integration, Subjective Well-Being and Predisposition towards the Use of Counseling Services.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1980, Vol. 8, 87 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00892284
PublicPhysicians, California, USA, 1984
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =211

Correlate
Author's labelTask of physicians
Page in Source 833
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Self report of % time spend on
a: administration
b: teaching 
c: house staff supervising
d: research
e: patients care
f: inpatients seen last 2 weeks
g: outpatients seen last 2 weeks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.07 ns
% administration
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.07 ns
% teaching
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.18 p < .05
% time supervising house staff
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.08 ns
% time doing research
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.08 ns
% time providing direct patient care
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.06 ns
% time inpatients seen last 2 weeks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.06 ns
% number of outpatients seen in past 2 weeks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyLee (1985): study US 1979
TitleProbing Behavioral Patterns of Structuring Daily Life.
SourceHuman Relations, 1985, Vol. 38, 457 - 476
Public23-49 aged adults, USA, followed 1 year, 1979
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelLife space structure
Page in Source 473
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
4 Time use/enjoyment based on 9 day time use diary:
a) Home based: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at home; low, average or inconsistent time spent 
at work
b) Work based: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at work but not at home
c)Conjoint: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at both home and work 
d) Diffuse: high quantity and high quality time is 
neither spent at work nor at home, but significant time 
was spent in other types of places like other's homes, 
restaurants, or places of recreation.
Remarks
Average of sores on T1 and T2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aDM=
M  Total  Men  Women    
a  5,9    6,2  5,8 
b  5,2    5,3  4,8
c  5,9    5,8  5,9
d  5,3    5,5  5,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current activity pattern
Subject code: A02ab

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelSocial service activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationCurrent activity pattern, code A02ab
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled social-service activities (helping others, 
community service)  They were also asked what they did 
"yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=+.62 (01)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns        females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns        females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns        females: r= ns 
preretired   males: r=-.57 (01)  females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly at church
Page in Source 20, 34,35
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
1 attent at least once a month church or religious 
institutions
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=185066 M=0.39 sd=0.49

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.08 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending other events
- Social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service
- Living in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly at cultural events
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
1 attend at least once a month cultural events
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=215958 M=0.48 sd=0.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.10 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.13 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending other events
- Social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly local political participation
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
1 participate at least once a month in citizens' action 
groups, political parties, local government
0 otherwise
Observed distributionM=215135 M=0.07 sd=0.26

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyLomranz et al. (1988): study IL Tel Aviv 1983
TitleIndoor and Outdoor Activities of Aged Women and Man as Related to Depression and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal Aging and Human Development, 1988, Vol. 26, 303 - 314
DOIDOI: 10.2190/QPEW-N6QX-FWDE-LA7E
Public60-80 aged, Israel, 1983
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelOutdoor activity
Page in Source 307-309
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
Self report on doing the activities outside home during 
the last week:
a: attending synagogue
b: participating in study groups (such as Bible, 
literature)
c: participating in artistic group activities (such as 
music, handicraft etc)
d: social games
e: acting as a member in an organization
f: performing volunteer activities
g: going out for entertainment (such as theatre, 
cinema, etc)
h: social meetings with friends and neighbors
i: family meetings
j: attending special events or ceremonies
k: attending pensioners' clubs
l: any other outdoor activity that participant wished 
to add

Rated:
1: never
2: seldom
3: often
4: constantly

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.29 p < .05
Females
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.15 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.45 p < .01
Males
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.35 p < .05
rpc's controled for satisfaction with outdoor 
activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyWahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelOptions of outdoor activities
Page in Source 116
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
Self report on options of outdoor activities. 
Standardized sum score ranging from 0=no outdoor 
activity purposed to 1=all asked outdoor activities 
pursued. Text is not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.09 p < .001
Germany
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.11 p < .05
Italy
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Finland
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
The Netherlands
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Hungary

Control variables are not reported.

The publication presents only significant Beta's 
(05. Not mentioned Beta's are added to this 
excerpt by WDH-team and assumed to be 
insignificant (ns).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelFun reading/writing
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
% of time reading books for pleasure when beeped
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
Beta controlled for:
- age
- gender
- SES
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=-2.1 p < .04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelEase-contentment activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled ease-contentment activities (simple comforts, 
security, relaxation).  
They were also asked what they did "yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r=-.60 (01)
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific activities
Subject code: A02ac

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelHedonistic activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationSpecific activities, code A02ac
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled hedonic activities. They were also asked what 
they did "yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r=+.38 (ns)
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyWinkelmann (2009): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleUnemployment, Social Capital, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 421 - 430
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10902-008-9097-2#page-1
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9097-2
PublicEmployed, who fell unemployed, West-Germany 1984-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5536

Correlate
Author's labelActive social life
Page in Source 20
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
Attending at least once a week (yes or no) in:
a Cultural events
b Entertainment events
c Sport
d Visiting friend, relative
e Voluntary work
f Church services

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
                                male   female
Attending cultural events       +,370  +,614
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-
Attending entertainment events  -,101 -,068
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Sport                           +,427  +,502
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Visiting friend, relative       +,224  +,374
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Engaging in voluntary work      +,155  +,186
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Attending church services       +,212  +,350

B's controlled for
-sex
-nationality
-age
-marital status
-education
-East/West-germany

B denotes p[oints difference in happiness on scale 
0-10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly at cinema, pop concerts and similar
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
1 go at least once a month to the cinema
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=215769 M=0.53 sd=0.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.06 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.03 ns
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending other events
- Social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyShamir (1985a): study IL 1983
TitleUnemployment and 'Free Time'. The Role of Protestant Work Ethic and Work Involvement.
SourceLeisure Studies, 1985, Vol. 4, 333 - 345
Public27-47 aged unemployed male academics, Israel, 1983
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =59

Correlate
Author's labelReading books as a leisure activity
Page in Source 340
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
Self report of in involvement in non-work book reading
Remarks
Item in a wider questionnaire on involvement in 
non-work activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+
a High protestant work ethic
Set Image size:   

A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-
b Low protestant work ethic

Protestant Work Ethic measured using Mirels and 
Garret (1971) scale. PWE unrelated to study 
activity (r = +.02 ns)
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyShamir (1985a): study IL 1983
TitleUnemployment and 'Free Time'. The Role of Protestant Work Ethic and Work Involvement.
SourceLeisure Studies, 1985, Vol. 4, 333 - 345
Public27-47 aged unemployed male academics, Israel, 1983
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =59

Correlate
Author's labelStudy as a leisure activity
Page in Source 340
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
Self report of in involvement in non-work study
Remarks
Item in a wider questionnaire on involvement in 
non-work activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.60 s
a High protestant work ethic
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.00 ns
b Low protestant work ethic

Protestant Work Ethic measured using Mirels and 
Garret (1971) scale. PWE unrelated to study 
activity (r = +.05 ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyGaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3501

Correlate
Author's labelLeisure
Page in Source 1164
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
1:  No (reference)
0:  Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.64 p < .01
YES (vs no)

OR controlled for:
-gender
-age
-marital status
-limitations in daily activities
-education
-income
-house ownership
-neighborhood
-infrastructure
-children
-receives help
-provides help

OR not change for the variable
not satisfied and satisfied vs very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.42 p < .01
OR additionally controlled for country
 
OR's computed for 'very satisfied or satisfied' 
(vs not satisfied)
Similar results when computed for 'very satisfied' 
(vs satisfied and not satisfied)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelparticipation in nature facilities
Page in Source 89,98
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
Frequency of participation in nature facilities a year
1: 1-50
2: 51-100
3: 101-150
4: 151-200
5: 201-250
6: 251-300
7: 301-365
Remarks
Included were centra for nature and milieu education, 
allotment gardens, marinas, child farms, scouting 
grounds, recreation grounds etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=+.01 ns
All (N=3938)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=+.01 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.01 ns
Participation only in neigbourhood
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.00 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelVacation
Page in Source 136,137
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
Three or more days off from work
Remarks
Happiness assessed at:
T1: one week before vacation
T3: The week after vacation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aDM=+ p < .05
T1 = one week before  M=5,30
T3 = one week after   M=5,43
Difference =            +0,13, t=3.29

Vacation satisfaction explains 3% extra variance 
in T3 happiness in addition to T1 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac03

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelEase-contentment activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled ease-contentment activities (simple comforts, 
security, relaxation).  
They were also asked what they did "yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r=-.60 (01)
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social media
Subject code: A02ac06

StudyKross et al. (2013): study US 2008
TitleFacebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults.
SourceOpen Access, 2013, Plos One, Vol. 8, 1 - 7
URLhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
DOIDOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
PublicFacebook users, Ann Arbor, Michigan, followed 14 days, USA, 2013
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelFacebook use
Page in Source Page 3
Our classificationSocial media, code A02ac06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question text-beeped 5 times a 
day:
How much have you used Facebook since the last time we 
asked?
Rated on a sliderscale ranging from
100  very positive
:
0 very negative
Observed distributionM = 66,10 SD = 30,48
Remarks
Experience Sampling Method (ESM)
Original rating scale ranged from 0 positive to 100 
negative and was reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-ar=-.07 ns
AVERAGE face_book use by average happiness during 
14 days.
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-ab=-.08 p < .0001
CHANGE happiness following Facebook use T2 
Facebook use by T2 happiness, controling T1 
happiness. The more people use facebook the less 
happier they felt.
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-ab=+.01 ns
T1 happiness by T1-T2 facebook use. Happiness does 
not predict facebook use.
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-a
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyNawijn (2011): study 2009
TitleDeterminants of Daily Happiness on Vacation.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 2011, Vol. 50, 559 - 566
DOIDOI:10.1177/0047287510379164
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =466

Correlate
Author's labelAttitude toward the travel party
Page in Source 561
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
Observed distribution1 = 1 2 = 4 3 = 31 4 = 106 5 = 298

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aaBeta=+.19 p < .001
self-report on single question: What is your 
attitude towards the people you are travelling 
with? (1 = very negative; 5 = very positive)

Controlled for time of day, day of the trip, 
length of stay, life satisfaction, age, gender, 
income and marital status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyZuzanek (2006): study CA 2001
TitleAdolescent Time use and Well-Being from a Comparative Perspective.
SourceSociety and Leisure, 2006, Vol. 28, 379 - 423.
Public12-19 aged, Ontario, Canada, 2001/2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response20,7
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelSocializing with friends
Page in Source 409
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
minutes per day spend with friends as reported in time 
diaries kept on one day

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.08 p < .05
on school days
M-FH-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.11 p < .05
on sundays


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelChat with whom
Page in Source 353
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
a: Spouse
b: Household members
c: Friends and neighbours
d: Social workers
e: No one
Observed distributionPercent: a = 11,6, b = 50,9, c = 25,9, d = 1,8, e = 9,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
a. M = 3,65
b. M = 3,75
c. M = 3,60
d. M = 3,90
e. M = 3,36
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 46,99


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelConfide with whom
Page in Source 353
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
a: Spouse
b: Household members
c: Friends and neighbours
d: Social workers
e: No one
Observed distributionPercent: a = 12,5, b = 68,5, c = 8,4, d = 2,2, e = 8,3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
a. M = 3,64
b. M = 3,73
c. M = 3,48
d. M = 3,91
e. M = 3,26
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 71,49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly at social gatherings
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
1 visit at least once a month friends, relatives or 
neighbours
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=159673 M=0.78 sd=0.41

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.22 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.19 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyLomranz et al. (1988): study IL Tel Aviv 1983
TitleIndoor and Outdoor Activities of Aged Women and Man as Related to Depression and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal Aging and Human Development, 1988, Vol. 26, 303 - 314
DOIDOI: 10.2190/QPEW-N6QX-FWDE-LA7E
Public60-80 aged, Israel, 1983
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelOutdoor activity
Page in Source 307-309
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
Self report on doing the activities outside home during 
the last week:
a: attending synagogue
b: participating in study groups (such as Bible, 
literature)
c: participating in artistic group activities (such as 
music, handicraft etc)
d: social games
e: acting as a member in an organization
f: performing volunteer activities
g: going out for entertainment (such as theatre, 
cinema, etc)
h: social meetings with friends and neighbors
i: family meetings
j: attending special events or ceremonies
k: attending pensioners' clubs
l: any other outdoor activity that participant wished 
to add

Rated:
1: never
2: seldom
3: often
4: constantly

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.29 p < .05
Females
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.15 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.45 p < .01
Males
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.35 p < .05
rpc's controled for satisfaction with outdoor 
activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyGagliardi et al. (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2000
TitleAssociations of Personal and Mobility Resources with Subjective Well-being Among Older Adults in Italy and Germany.
SourceArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2010, Vol. 50, 42 -47
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494309000326
Public55+ aged, Germany and Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2118

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in social activities
Page in Source 44
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution% Yes: Germany: 79% (N=1518) Italy: 66% (N=600)
Remarks
Full question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=1.56 p < .018
Germany: CI95 [1.1-2.2]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=1.53 p < .05
Italy: CI95 [1.0-2.3]

The authors divided life satisfaction into two 
groups of high and low life satisfaction for 
logistic regression, with the 75th percentile 
being the cut-off point.

OR is adjusted for:
- age
- gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interaction with peers
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about feeling in the last 
week 
- I got on well with youngsters of my own age
- A could talk to a friend about personal things or 
problems

Rated on an 3 point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx=1.86; SD/nx=.74 (nx= number of items in he subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha=.72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelMeeting friends and relatives
Page in Source 33, 34, 39
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
How often do you meet friends or relatives who are not 
living with you, whether here at your home or 
elsewhere?
1 Never and Less often than once a month
2 Once or twice a month
3 Once or twice a week
4 On most days
Observed distributionRange= a-d:1-4 M=3,31 SD=0,94 Frequencies in %: All Men Women Age<=30 Age>30 1: 2 3 2 1 3 2: 11 12 9 6 13 3: 40 42 39 31 44 4: 47 43 50 62 40
Remarks
Due to a small number of respondents Less often than 
once a month is considered as Never

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.21 p < .01
2 Once or twice a month (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.30 p < .01
3 Once or twice a week (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.38 p < .01
4 On most days (vs. 1)

B's controlled for:
- frequency of talking to neighbours
- gender
- age
- socioeconomic variables:
 - real household income
 - marital status
 - employment status 
 - look after home
 - health status
 - education level
 - household size 
 - home ownership
 - days spent in hospital
 - number of children

Robust OLS. Ordered Probit analysis and ordered 
probit analysis without socioeconomic variables 
yield similar results


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelTalking to neighbours
Page in Source 33, 34, 39
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
How often do you talk to your neighbours?

1 Never and Less often than once a month
2 Once or twice a month
3 Once or twice a week
4 On most days
Observed distributionRange= a-d:1-4 M=3,02 SD=0,76 Frequencies in %: All Men Women Age<=30 Age>30 1: 10 10 9 16 7 2: 15 16 14 17 14 3: 40 42 38 36 41 4: 36 33 39 31 38
Remarks
Due to a small number of respondents Less often than 
once a month is considered as Never

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.03 ns
2 once or twice a month (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.14 p < .01
3 once or twice a week (vs. 1)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.27 p < .01
4 on most days (vs. 1)

B's controlled for:
- frequency of meeting friends
- gender
- age
- socioeconomic variables:
 - real household income
 - marital status
 - employment status 
 - look after home
 - health status
 - education level
 - household size 
 - home ownership
 - days spent in hospital
 - number of children

Robust OLS. Ordered Probit analysis and ordered 
probit analysis without socioeconomic variables 
yield similar results


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyOishi et al. (2007a): study US 2002
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00048.x
PublicStudents, University of Illinois, USA, 200?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-ResponseNot reported.
Respondents N =193

Correlate
Author's labelTime dating
Page in Source 352
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
Amount of time spent socializing with data or romantic 
partner. 2,8 indicates 4 minutes a day, and 5,3 40 
minutes per day.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aDM=+
Mean time dating among:
- very happy               5,3  (N=25)
- happy                    4,3  (N=42)
             Difference   +1,0

- moderately happy         4,1  (N=75)
- slightly happy           3,1  (N=43)
- unhappy                  2,8  (N=8)
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aBeta=+.26 p < .01
Positive linear relation. The very happy have 
higher score than the happy.


Control variables not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelSocializing with friends
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
% time socializing with friends when beeped
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
Beta controlled for
- age
- gender
- SES
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=+2,6 p < .009


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelBeing alone
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
% time in company when beeped
0: alone
1: in company of:
   a: teachers
   b: classmates
   c: friends
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=- p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- age
- gender
- SES
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=-3.9 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ab=-.01 p < .001
Beta additionally controlled for:
- % time in flow
- % time in relaxation
- % time reading/writing for fun
- grade level in school


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelCompany
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
% time spend in company of:
a: teachers
b: class mates
c: friends
d: relatives
when beeped
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
% time in company with teachers
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=-0,1 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=-
% time with class mates
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=-0,7 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
% time with friends
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=+0,2 p < .001
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+
% time with relatives
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=+2,2 p < .01
Beta's controled for:
- age
- gender
- SES


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyAngel & Angel (1992): study US 1988
TitleAge at Migration, Social Connections, and Well-Being among Elderly Hispanics.
SourceJournal of Aging and Health, 1992, Vol. 4, 480-499
DOIDOI: 10.1177/089826439200400402
Public65+aged, Hispanics, United States, 1988
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =2019

Correlate
Author's labelSocial activities
Page in Source 491, 493, 497
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
Self report on involvement in three groups of social 
activities within the last 2 weeks: 
1: Going to group events
2: Going to church
3: Getting together socially with friends and neighbors
Observed distributionN1: 15.6%, N2: 53.7, N3: 43.3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaBeta=-.34 p < .01
Going to church
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaBeta=-.33 p < .01
Getting together socially with friends and 
neighbors

Beta's controlled for 
- age 
- Gender
- age at migration
- origin
- income
- education
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaBeta=-17 ns
Going to group events

B controlled for 
- Adolescence
- Early adulthood
- Middle adulthood
- Late adulthood
- Cuban American
- Puerto Rican
- 71-79 years
- 80+ years
- Female
- $5,500 or less
- $5,501- $15,000
- Missing income
- Grade school
- High school
- Church 
- Friends


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socializing
Subject code: A02ac07

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelExpressive activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationSocializing, code A02ac07
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled interpersonal- expressive activities 
(intimacy, friendship and sociability)
They were also asked what they did "yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r=-.42 (05)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.17 ns
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Studying
Subject code: A02ac08

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelStudying
Page in Source 270,276,279,285,288,294
Our classificationStudying, code A02ac08
Operationalization
Hours spent on studying.
Observed distributionWorking days: 0: 69%, 1: 14%, 2: 4%, 3: 2%, 4: 1%, 5: 1%, 6-10: 8%, 11-16: *%, 17-24: -% , no value: 1%. Saturdays: 0: 74%, 1: 11%, 2: 6%, 3: 2%, 4: 1%, 5: 1%, 6-10: 2%, 11-16: -%, 17-24: -%, no value: 2%. Sundays: 0: 76%, 1: 10%, 2: 5%, 3: 3%, 4: 1%, 5: 1%, 6-10: 1%, 11-16: -%, 17-24: -%, no value: 3%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
On working days:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 1.4  M = 0.9 hrs         +0.5 hrs
top 3:  M = 1.2  M = 0.9 hrs         +0.3 hrs
top 5:  M = 1.1  M = 0.9 hrs         +0.2 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
On Saturdays:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 0.8  M = 0.5 hrs         +0.3 hrs
top 3:  M = 0.6  M = 0.5 hrs         +0.1 hrs
top 5:  M = 0.6  M = 0.4 hrs         +0.2 hrs
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+/0
On Sundays:
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 0.5  M = 0.4 hrs         +0.1 hrs
top 3:  M = 0.5  M = 0.4 hrs         +0.1 hrs
top 5:  M = 0.4  M = 0.4 hrs         +0.0 hrs

Hapiness:
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1645
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Studying
Subject code: A02ac08

StudyShamir (1985a): study IL 1983
TitleUnemployment and 'Free Time'. The Role of Protestant Work Ethic and Work Involvement.
SourceLeisure Studies, 1985, Vol. 4, 333 - 345
Public27-47 aged unemployed male academics, Israel, 1983
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =59

Correlate
Author's labelStudy as a leisure activity
Page in Source 340
Our classificationStudying, code A02ac08
Operationalization
Self report of in involvement in non-work study
Remarks
Item in a wider questionnaire on involvement in 
non-work activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.60 s
a High protestant work ethic
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.00 ns
b Low protestant work ethic

Protestant Work Ethic measured using Mirels and 
Garret (1971) scale. PWE unrelated to study 
activity (r = +.05 ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Studying
Subject code: A02ac08

StudyAndersson et al. (2013a): study SE Västra Götalands län 2012 /1
TitleGreenhouse Gas Emission and Subjective Well-Being: An Analalysis of Swedish Households.
SourceEcological Economics, 2014, Vol. 102, 75 - 82
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.03.018
Public25-65 aged,general public, southwest Sweden, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response59.9%
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelWorking or studying
Page in Source 79
Our classificationStudying, code A02ac08
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.13 p < .00
Beta controled for:
- education
- gender
- age
- has children


Correlational finding on Happiness and Studying
Subject code: A02ac08

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelSchool-related activity
Page in Source 193
Our classificationStudying, code A02ac08
Operationalization
% time doing school related activities when beeped
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=
Beta controlled for;
- age
- gender
- SES
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-at.=+2.3 p < .024

Average (trait) happiness is higher among 
teenagers who study more, though happiness of the 
moment (state) yends to be lower while studying 
than during most other activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Studying
Subject code: A02ac08

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelGrowth activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationStudying, code A02ac08
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled personal growth activities (new skills and 
new experiences). 
They were also asked what they did "yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=+.38 (ns)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=+.20 p < .05
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sporting
Subject code: A02ac09

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly sport activities
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationSporting, code A02ac09
Operationalization
1 participate at least once a month to sport activities
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=215148 M=0.47 sd=0.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sporting
Subject code: A02ac09

StudyCheng & Chan (2006): study HK 2000
TitleRelationship with Others and Life Satisfaction in Later Life: Do Gender and Widowhood make a Difference?
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 2006, Vol. 61b, 46 - 53
Public60+ aged, Hong Kong, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1616

Correlate
Author's labelMobility and vitality
Page in Source 49-50
Our classificationSporting, code A02ac09
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a: can you move around by yourself?
b: can you do exercise?
c: how often do you do exercise?

Response options not reported
Observed distributionM=3.74 SD=0.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-ar=+.22 p < .001
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sporting
Subject code: A02ac09

StudyHo et al. (1995): study HK 1992
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1557

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in daily exercise
Page in Source 253
Our classificationSporting, code A02ac09
Operationalization
Self report on whether to participate in daily exercise 
or not. Text is not reported.
1: participation in daily exercise
0: non-participation in daily exercise

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bOR=1.4 p < .05
CI95 [1.1-1.7]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sporting
Subject code: A02ac09

StudyGagliardi et al. (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2000
TitleAssociations of Personal and Mobility Resources with Subjective Well-being Among Older Adults in Italy and Germany.
SourceArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2010, Vol. 50, 42 -47
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494309000326
Public55+ aged, Germany and Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2118

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in outdoor engagement and sports
Page in Source 44
Our classificationSporting, code A02ac09
Operationalization
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution% Yes: Germany: 87% (N=1518) Italy: 78% (N=600)
Remarks
Full question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=1.00 p < .1.000
Germany: CI95 [0.6-1.6]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baOR=1.45 p < .163
Italy: CI95 [0.9-2.4]

The authors divided life satisfaction into two 
groups of high and low life satisfaction for 
logistic regression, with the 75th percentile 
being the cut-off point.

OR is adjusted for:
- age
- gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sporting
Subject code: A02ac09

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelparticipation in sportfacilities
Page in Source 36,86, 97
Our classificationSporting, code A02ac09
Operationalization
Frequency of active sport participation
a year
0: 0
1: 1-50
2: 51-100
3: 101-150
4: 151-200
5: 201-250
6: 251-300
7: 301-365
Remarks
Included were sportcentra,tenniscourts, swimmingpools 
etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=+.06 p < .01
N=2694
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=+.04 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Traveling
Subject code: A02ac10

StudyNawijn (2011): study 2009
TitleDeterminants of Daily Happiness on Vacation.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 2011, Vol. 50, 559 - 566
DOIDOI:10.1177/0047287510379164
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =466

Correlate
Author's labelHoliday stress
Page in Source 561
Our classificationTraveling, code A02ac10
Operationalization
Observed distributionN = 0: 250, 1: 112, 2: 43, 3: 32, 5: 7, 6: 2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aaBeta=-.46 p < .001
self-report on single question: How stressed do 
you feel today? (0= not at all; 6=very much)

Controlled for time of day, day of the trip, 
length of stay, life satisfaction, age, gender, 
income and marital status
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Traveling
Subject code: A02ac10

StudyNawijn (2011): study 2009
TitleDeterminants of Daily Happiness on Vacation.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 2011, Vol. 50, 559 - 566
DOIDOI:10.1177/0047287510379164
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =466

Correlate
Author's labelColleagues as travel party
Page in Source 561
Our classificationTraveling, code A02ac10
Operationalization
Who are you travelling with?
Observed distributiona = 27 b = 75 c = 61 d = 265 e = 10 f = 26
Remarks
Dummy variable.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aaBeta=-.15 p < .005
self-report on single question: who are you 
traveling with?

a. Alone
b. Partner
c. Family
d. Friends
e. Colleagues
f. Other

Controlled for time of day, day of the trip, 
length of stay, life satisfaction, age, gender, 
income and marital status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Traveling
Subject code: A02ac10

StudyNawijn (2011): study 2009
TitleDeterminants of Daily Happiness on Vacation.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 2011, Vol. 50, 559 - 566
DOIDOI:10.1177/0047287510379164
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =466

Correlate
Author's labelOther type of holiday
Page in Source 561
Our classificationTraveling, code A02ac10
Operationalization
What type of holiday is this trip?
Observed distributiona. = 134 b. = 12 c. = 162 d. = 5 e. = 2 f. = 30 g. = 110 h. = 7
Remarks
Other categories were not significant (culture holiday, 
nature holiday, city trip, beach holiday, cruise, event 
holiday, tour)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aaBeta=+.10 p < .05
self-report on single question: what type of 
holiday is this?

A. = culture holiday
b. = nature holiday
c. = city trip
d. = beach holiday
e. = cruise
f. = event holiday
g. = tour
h. = other 

Controlled for time of day, day of the trip, 
length of stay, life satisfaction, age, gender, 
income and marital status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household work
Subject code: A02ac11a

StudyLomranz et al. (1988): study IL Tel Aviv 1983
TitleIndoor and Outdoor Activities of Aged Women and Man as Related to Depression and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal Aging and Human Development, 1988, Vol. 26, 303 - 314
DOIDOI: 10.2190/QPEW-N6QX-FWDE-LA7E
Public60-80 aged, Israel, 1983
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelIndoor activity
Page in Source 306-309
Our classificationHousehold work, code A02ac11a
Operationalization
Self report on how often participants performed  in his 
or her home the following indoor activities during last 
week:
a: listening to radio
b: watching television
c: reading a newspaper or book
d: writing letters
e: doing any physical training
f: studying (alone) the Bible languages etc
g: doing any handwork (such as knitting)
h: performing any housekeeping duties
i: doing any hobby
j: cooking and baking
k: speaking on the telephone
l: performing special works at home such as gardening, 
repairing etc
m: any other indoor activity that participant wished to 
add

Rated:
1: never
2: seldom
3: often
4: constantly

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=-.05 ns
Females
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=-.08 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.33 p < .05
Males
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.24 ns
rpc's controled for satisfaction with indoor 
activity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household work
Subject code: A02ac11a

StudyZautra (1975): study US Utah 1970
TitleQuality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA
Public18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-Activation
Page in Source 58,75
Our classificationHousehold work, code A02ac11a
Operationalization
Factors derived from topics mentioned in response to 
open questions on responsibilities, concerns and 
resources
a Self-reliant resources
b Household responsibilities
c Responsiveness (number of daily activities)

Rated
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
Remarks
Factor 6.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.04 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Household work
Subject code: A02ac11a

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelNon-goal directed activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationHousehold work, code A02ac11a
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled non-goal directed activities (routine 
maintenance such as getting up, eating, bathing, etc.). 

They were also asked what they did "yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=+.43 (05)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r=-.41 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work, helping people
Subject code: A02ac11c

StudyEvans & Kelley (2002): study AU 1984
TitleFamily and Community Influences on Life Satisfaction.
SourceReport Melbourne Institute, 2002, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1984-2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35-40%
Respondents N =26009

Correlate
Author's labelCharity work
Page in Source 38,39,54,55,57
Our classificationVoluntary work, helping people, code A02ac11c
Operationalization
Not specified

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=+.31 p < .05
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=+.05 p < .05
B and beta controlled for:
- Gender
- Migration
- Family of origin:
  - Parent's education
  - Father's status
  - Parents divorced
  - Number of siblings
- Current family situation:
  - Marital status:
    - Married (1st,2nd and de facto)
    - Widowed
    - Divorced
  - Family size
- Age
- Religious involvement:
  - Church attendance 
  - Religious denomination

When additionally controlled for education, family 
income, labor force participation and spouse in 
labor force:
B=    +.36 (p<.05)
beta= +.06 (p<.05)

Plus additionally controlled for hours worked, 
occupational status, job security and 
unemployment:
B=    +0.33 (p<.05)
beta= +0.04 (p<.05)
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=+.36 p < .05
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=+.06 p < .05
Beta and previous B additionally controlled for:
- education
- family income
- labor force participation
- spouse in labor force
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=+.33 p < .05
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=+.04 p < .05
Beta and previous B additionally controlled for:
- hours worked
- occupational status
- job security
- unemployment.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work, helping people
Subject code: A02ac11c

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly volunteering
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationVoluntary work, helping people, code A02ac11c
Operationalization
1 perform volunteer work at least once a month in 
clubs, associations or social services
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=215353 M=0.23 sd=0.42

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.01 ns
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work, helping people
Subject code: A02ac11c

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly helping friends
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationVoluntary work, helping people, code A02ac11c
Operationalization
1 help at least once a month friends, relatives or 
neighbours
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=159378 M=0.4 sd=0.49

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Beta’s controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work activities
Subject code: A02ac11d

StudyVanDongen & De Graaf (2012): study NL 2012 /1
TitleDe Gelukkige Dokter (The happy doctor)
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 2012, 1 - 15
URLhttps://www.ntvg.nl/artikelen/de-gelukkige-dokter/icmje
PublicMedical doctors and students, The Netherlands, 2012
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =401

Correlate
Author's labelwork activities
Our classificationWork activities, code A02ac11d
Operationalization
a patient contact > 70 %
b patient contact , 70 %
c research > 20%
d research < 20%
e education > 20%
f education < 20%
g management > 20%
h  management < 20%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aDM=
patient contact > 70 %   M=7.6
patient contact < 70 %   M=7.6

research        > 20%    M=7.6
research        < 20%    M=7.0

education       > 20%    M=7.7
education       < 20%    M=7.4

management      > 20%    M=7.7
management      < 20%    M=7.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own activity pattern
Subject code: A02ad

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with leisure time activities
Page in Source 125,127
Our classificationAttitudes to own activity pattern, code A02ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on an 11-point bipolar scale:
 0: if I had a choice, I would always  stay at home
10: if I had a choice, I would always be on the go
Observed distributionWest Germany: M=7,5; SD=2,4; East Germany: M=6,1, SD=2,8; p<0,001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-bab=+.14 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own activity pattern
Subject code: A02ad

StudyWahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelOptions of outdoor activities
Page in Source 116
Our classificationAttitudes to own activity pattern, code A02ad
Operationalization
Self report on options of outdoor activities. 
Standardized sum score ranging from 0=no outdoor 
activity purposed to 1=all asked outdoor activities 
pursued. Text is not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.09 p < .001
Germany
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.11 p < .05
Italy
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Finland
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
The Netherlands
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Hungary

Control variables are not reported.

The publication presents only significant Beta's 
(05. Not mentioned Beta's are added to this 
excerpt by WDH-team and assumed to be 
insignificant (ns).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own activity pattern
Subject code: A02ad

StudyAckerman et al. (1989): study US 1986
TitleFarm Work and Family: Major Sources of Satisfaction for Farm Families.
SourceUtah Science, 1989, Vol. 50, 134 - 142
PublicDairy farm couples, Utah, USA,1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with spare time, how spent
Page in Source 139, 140, 141
Our classificationAttitudes to own activity pattern, code A02ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about the way you spend your spare 
time?
7: delighted
6: happy
5: mostly satisfied
4: mixed
3: mostly dissatisfied
2: unhappy
1: terrible
Observed distributionM. wives 5,23; husbands 5,20; difference not significant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.15 ns
Wives
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.17 p < .05
Husbands

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
-farm work
-family activities
-oneself
-health
-leisure: amount of fun
-leisure: time (available)
-off-farm job (only if husband and wife have 
off-farm-jobs)
-family income
-own house
-goods and services
-national government

Beta's somewhat different if satisfaction with 
farm work is removed from regression-equation.
(wives: +0,13; husbands: +0,24)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own activity pattern
Subject code: A02ad

StudyLee (1985): study US 1979
TitleProbing Behavioral Patterns of Structuring Daily Life.
SourceHuman Relations, 1985, Vol. 38, 457 - 476
Public23-49 aged adults, USA, followed 1 year, 1979
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelLife space structure
Page in Source 473
Our classificationAttitudes to own activity pattern, code A02ad
Operationalization
4 Time use/enjoyment based on 9 day time use diary:
a) Home based: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at home; low, average or inconsistent time spent 
at work
b) Work based: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at work but not at home
c)Conjoint: high quantity and high quality time is 
spent at both home and work 
d) Diffuse: high quantity and high quality time is 
neither spent at work nor at home, but significant time 
was spent in other types of places like other's homes, 
restaurants, or places of recreation.
Remarks
Average of sores on T1 and T2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aDM=
M  Total  Men  Women    
a  5,9    6,2  5,8 
b  5,2    5,3  4,8
c  5,9    5,8  5,9
d  5,3    5,5  5,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own activity pattern
Subject code: A02ad

StudyLudwig (1970): study US 1965
TitleIntra- and Inter-Individual Relationships between Elation-Depression and Desire for Excitement.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1970, Vol. 38, 167 - 176
PublicUniversity students, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =45

Correlate
Author's labelExcitement
Page in Source 173
Our classificationAttitudes to own activity pattern, code A02ad
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on to what extent one felt 
like doing exciting things during the day, rated each 
night on a 4-point scale for at least 20 days.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br=-.16 ns
Both variables measured daily during 20 days. The 
correlation concerns their mean scores over that 
period.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with activity-pattern
Subject code: A02ad02

StudyHeadey et al. (1991): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleTop-down versus Bottom-up Theories of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 24, 81 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00292652
Public18-65 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981-1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =942

Correlate
Author's labelLeisure
Page in Source 94
Our classificationSatisfaction with activity-pattern, code A02ad02
Operationalization
1 single question on satisfaction with: The way you 
spend your spare time; your non-working activities, 
scored on a 1-9 rating scale.
Remarks
Panel analysis over four waves (1981, 1983, 1985, 1987) 
which estimates following effects
 - bottom up: effect of satisfaction with leisure 
activities on life satisfaction
 - topdown: effect of life satisfaction on satisfaction 
with leisure activities
 - contemporaneous: within wave correlation
 - lagged: over time (waves) correlation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=-.06 ns
Contemporaneous bottom up: satisfying leisure 
activities make people happy
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.17 p < .05
Contemporaneous top down: happy people are 
satisfied with their leisure activities
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=-.05 ns
Lagged bottum up: satisfying leisure activities 
make people happy
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.12 p < .05
Lagged top down:  happy people are satisfied with 
their leisure activities

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
 - marriage
 - job
 - standard of living
 - friendship
 - health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with activity-pattern
Subject code: A02ad02

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelSpare time activities
Our classificationSatisfaction with activity-pattern, code A02ad02
Operationalization
1 single question on satisfaction with: The way you 
spend your spare time; your non-working activities, 
scored on a 1-9 rating scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.3 SD = 1.5
Remarks
Item scored on the same rating scale as the question on 
happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.36 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with activity-pattern
Subject code: A02ad02

StudyKennedy & Mehra (1985): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleEffects of Social Change on Well-Being: Boom and Bust in a Western Canadian City.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 17, 101 - 113
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00302416
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977-1984
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3440

Correlate
Author's labelThings wanted to do-satisfaction
Page in Source 108
Our classificationSatisfaction with activity-pattern, code A02ad02
Operationalization
Question on satisfaction with things wanted to do; 
Rated: 
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.07
Stepwise regression by age-group.
age-group 17-25 
 
Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
- friendship satisfaction
- family satisfaction
- job satisfaction
- neighbourhood satisfaction
- financial better/worsen than year ago
- health satisfaction
- year of significant social change
- education
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.05
age-group 26-45
 
Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
-friendship satisfaction
- family satisfaction
- job satisfaction
- health satisfaction
- non work activities satisfaction
- neighbourhood satisfaction
- financial better/worse than year ago
- sex
- year of significant social change
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.08
age-group 45+ 
 
Beta controlled for:
- standard of living satisfaction
- health satisfaction
- non work activities satisfaction
- financial better/worse than year ago
- job satisfacion
- frienship satisfaction
- family satisfaction
- sex
- year of significant social change


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with activity-pattern
Subject code: A02ad02

StudyLomranz et al. (1988): study IL Tel Aviv 1983
TitleIndoor and Outdoor Activities of Aged Women and Man as Related to Depression and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal Aging and Human Development, 1988, Vol. 26, 303 - 314
DOIDOI: 10.2190/QPEW-N6QX-FWDE-LA7E
Public60-80 aged, Israel, 1983
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction from indoor activity
Page in Source 307-309
Our classificationSatisfaction with activity-pattern, code A02ad02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Generally, are you satisfied with the various 
activities you have mentioned doing in your home?
Rated as:
1: mostly unsatisfied 
2: seldom satisfied
3: often satisfied
4: mostly satisfied
Remarks
This question was preceded with a detailed report of 
indoor activities during the last week.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.19 ns
Females
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.41 p < .01
Males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with activity-pattern
Subject code: A02ad02

StudyBecker & Vink (1984): study NL 1982
TitleWerkelozen, Arbeidsongeschikten en Werkenden Vergeleken. ( A Comparison between the Unemployed, Disabled Workers and the Employed).
SourceSocial and Cultural Planning Office, 1984, Rijswijk, Netherlands
URLhttps://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_1996_en_eerder/Werklozen_arbeidsongeschikten_en_werkenden_vergeleken
Public18-64 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1982
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response68-94%
Respondents N =465

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with daily activities
Page in Source 1
Our classificationSatisfaction with activity-pattern, code A02ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
"To what extent are you satisfied with your daily 
activities (work, school, homemaking)?"
0=very dissatisfied 
1=dissatisfied
2=neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3=satisfied
4=very satisfied
Observed distributionM=2.5296 SD=0.8835

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.56 p < .000
Working
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.53 p < .000
Unemployed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.39 p < .000
Disabled


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with activity-pattern
Subject code: A02ad02

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with daily activities
Page in Source 27
Our classificationSatisfaction with activity-pattern, code A02ad02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an open graphic scale ranging 
from 'very dissatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.56 p < .05
Lower among age 41-50
Stronger among high or low S.E.S., among medium 
educational level, among females and among the 
married.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with specific activities
Subject code: A02ad03

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with relaxing
Page in Source 347
Our classificationSatisfaction with specific activities, code A02ad03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: relaxing.
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:3%, 4:3%, 5:6%, 6:7%, 7:12%, 8:21%, 9:19%, 10:26%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2055

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.5             +1.2
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.1             +1.4 
top 5:  M = 8.2  M = 6.5             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 481, Others: 8-0 N=1574
Top 3: 10-8 N=1045, Others: 7-0 N=1010
Top 5: 10-6 N=1620, Others: 5-0 N= 435


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with specific activities
Subject code: A02ad03

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with other leisure activities
Page in Source 348
Our classificationSatisfaction with specific activities, code A02ad03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: other leisure activities.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:*%, 4:*%, 5:1%, 6:2%, 7:5%, 8:16%, 9:27%, 10:48%, DKNA:*%
Remarks
N=708

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.6  M = 8.9             +0.7
top 3:  M = 9.4  M = 8.6             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 9.2  M = 8.3             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 161, Others: 8-0 N= 547
Top 3: 10-8 N= 380, Others: 7-0 N= 328
Top 5: 10-6 N= 566, Others: 5-0 N= 142


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with artistic activities
Subject code: A02ad03a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelConcert, theatre, other cultural performances
Page in Source 331
Our classificationSatisfaction with artistic activities, code A02ad03a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: visit of clasical concert, theater, other 
cultural performances.
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:2%, 2:3%, 3:3%, 4:4%, 5:6%, 6:9%, 7:16%, 8:20%, 9:16%, 10:11%, DKNA:7%
Remarks
N=1392.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.5  M = 6.8             +0.7 
top 3:  M = 7.4  M = 6.5             +0.9 
top 5:  M = 7.2  M = 6.1             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 363, Others: 8-0 N=1030
Top 3: 10-8 N= 756, Others: 7-0 N= 636
Top 5: 10-6 N=1134, Others: 5-0 N= 258


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with artistic activities
Subject code: A02ad03a

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with artistic activities
Page in Source 339
Our classificationSatisfaction with artistic activities, code A02ad03a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: creative activities (i.e. painting, 
photographing)
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:2%, 2:3%, 3:5%, 4:4%, 5:8%, 6:10%, 7:13%, 8:18%, 9:13%, 10:12%, DKNA:9%
Remarks
N=1462

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.5  M = 6.5             +1.0
top 3:  M = 7.2  M = 6.3             +1.2 
top 5:  M = 7.0  M = 5.8             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 388, Others: 8-0 N=1074
Top 3: 10-8 N= 811, Others: 7-0 N= 650
Top 5: 10-6 N=1200, Others: 5-0 N= 262


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with misic listening
Subject code: A02ad03b

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelPop-/rockconcert and disco.
Page in Source 332
Our classificationSatisfaction with misic listening, code A02ad03b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: visit of pop-/rock concerts and discos.
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:2%, 4:4%, 5:6%, 6:6%, 7:12%, 8:22%, 9:20%, 10:20%, DKNA:7%
Remarks
N=1344

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.1  M = 7.4             +0.7 
top 3:  M = 7.9  M = 7.2             +0.5 
top 5:  M = 7.8  M = 6.9             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 352, Others: 8-0 N= 992
Top 3: 10-8 N= 729, Others: 7-0 N= 615
Top 5: 10-6 N=1100, Others: 5-0 N= 244


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with misic listening
Subject code: A02ad03b

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with music listening
Page in Source 334
Our classificationSatisfaction with misic listening, code A02ad03b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: music listening.
Observed distributionN= 0:-%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:7%, 7:15%, 8:25%, 9:20%, 10:23%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2112

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.8  M = 7.8             +1.0 
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.5             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 6.9             +1.4
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 491, Others: 8-0 N=1621
Top 3: 10-8 N=1073, Others: 7-0 N=1039
Top 5: 10-6 N=1666, Others: 5-0 N= 446


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with music making
Subject code: A02ad03c

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with music making
Page in Source 333
Our classificationSatisfaction with music making, code A02ad03c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: music making/ instrument playing.
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:4%, 5:7%, 6:6%, 7:13%, 8:21%, 9:18%, 10:19%, DKNA:6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.2  M = 7.1             +1.1 
top 3:  M = 7.9  M = 6.9             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.7  M = 6.7             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 165, Others: 8-0 N= 405
Top 3: 10-8 N= 310, Others: 7-0 N= 259
Top 5: 10-6 N= 445, Others: 5-0 N= 125


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with going to cinema
Subject code: A02ad03d

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with going to cinema
Page in Source 335
Our classificationSatisfaction with going to cinema, code A02ad03d
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: going to cinema.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:2%, 4:3%, 5:7%, 6:10%, 7:16%, 8:26%, 9:18%, 10:11%, DKNA:2%
Remarks
N=1765

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 7.1             +0.8 
top 3:  M = 7.7  M = 6.9             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 7.6  M = 6.3             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 426, Others: 8-0 N=1339
Top 3: 10-8 N= 927, Others: 7-0 N= 838
Top 5: 10-6 N=1423, Others: 5-0 N= 342


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with internetting
Subject code: A02ad03e

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfcation with internet surfing.
Page in Source 345
Our classificationSatisfaction with internetting, code A02ad03e
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: internet surfing.
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:3%, 4:6%, 5:14%, 6:16%, 7:20%, 8:20%, 9:11%, 10:6%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2035

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.3  M = 6.4             +0.9
top 3:  M = 7.1  M = 6.2             +0.9 
top 5:  M = 6.9  M = 5.7             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 479, Others: 8-0 N=1557
Top 3: 10-8 N=1038, Others: 7-0 N= 998
Top 5: 10-6 N=1601, Others: 5-0 N= 434


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with out-door activities
Subject code: A02ad03f

StudySingh et al. (2014): study IN 2014
TitleEffects of the demographic Variables and psychometric Properties of the personal Well-being Index for School Children in India.
SourceChild Indicators Research, 2015, Vol. 3, 571 - 585
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12187-014-9264-4#/page-1
DOIDOI:101007/s12187-014-9264-4
Public8-13 aged,school children, India, 2014
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelPart of community
Page in Source Table 2-3
Our classificationSatisfaction with out-door activities, code A02ad03f
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question 'How happy are you about 
doing things away from your home ?'
11-point Likert-type rating('0' very sad to '10' very 
happy)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbr=+.25 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.06 p < .05
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
-standard of living
-personal health
-achievement in life
-personal relationships
-personal safety
-future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with physical activity
Subject code: A02ad03g

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelHealth index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with physical activity, code A02ad03g
Operationalization
Index of 3 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: Your physical fitness and the exercise you get
b: Your own health and physical condition
c: The amount of energy you have
All scored on a 1-9 D-T rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 6.2 SD = 1.5
Remarks
All items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.45 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.07
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.04
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with physical activity
Subject code: A02ad03g

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with active sport
Page in Source 338
Our classificationSatisfaction with physical activity, code A02ad03g
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: active sport.
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:2%, 2:2%, 3:3%, 4:4%, 5:7%, 6:10%, 7:13%, 8:22%, 9:15%, 10:17%, DKNA:4%
Remarks
N=1709

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.0  M = 6.9             +1.1
top 3:  M = 7.7  M = 6.7             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.5  M = 5.9             +1.6
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 419, Others: 8-0 N=1290
Top 3: 10-8 N= 900, Others: 7-0 N= 809
Top 5: 10-6 N=1380, Others: 5-0 N= 329


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with physical activity
Subject code: A02ad03g

StudyJanz et al. (2001): study US Michigan 1996
TitleFactors Influencing Quality of Life in Older Women With Heart Disease.
SourceMEDICAL CARE, 2001, V ol. 39, 588 - 598 ,
URLhttp://journals.lww.com/lww-medicalcare/Abstract/2001/06000/Factors_Influencing_Quality_of_Life_in_Older_Women.7.aspx
PublicMedical Patients, Michigan, United States, followed 1 year, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =570

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with physical activities
Page in Source 594-596
Our classificationSatisfaction with physical activity, code A02ad03g
Operationalization
Not reported

1 Same or better
0 Deteriorated
Remarks
Assessed at T1 and T2 (12months difference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aOR=1.88 p < .05
CI95[1.07,3.32]

T2 happiness by T1-T2 maintenance or improvement 
of satisfaction with physical activities.
Chances for higher happiness level at T2 are 1.87 
times higher for those whose satisfaction with 
physical activity level improved between T1 and 
T2.
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aOR=1.18 ns
CI95[0.99,1.50]

T1 happiness by T1-T2 maintenance or improvement 
of satisfaction with physical activities.
Chances for higher happiness level at T1 are 1.18 
times higher for those whose satisfaction with 
physical activity level improved between T1 and 
T2.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with physical activity
Subject code: A02ad03g

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with physical work and exercise
Our classificationSatisfaction with physical activity, code A02ad03g
Operationalization
Single closed question: 'How do you feel about physical 
work and exercise?', rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale, ranging from (1) Delighted to 
(7) Terrible
(8) neither. (order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.15    (05)
T2: 1979     r= +.27    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.29    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with physical activity
Subject code: A02ad03g

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfation with physical work
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with physical activity, code A02ad03g
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the amount of 
physical work and exercise in your life?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with physical activity
Subject code: A02ad03g

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with physical work
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with physical activity, code A02ad03g
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the amount of 
physical work and exercise in your life?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with physical activity
Subject code: A02ad03g

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with health and amount ofphysical work
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with physical activity, code A02ad03g
Operationalization
2-item index of questions "How do you
feel about....?"
a  your health and physical condition
b  the amount of physical work and excercise.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.55
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.26
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.39
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.48
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.33
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with use of radio and TV
Subject code: A02ad03h

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with TV watching
Page in Source 346
Our classificationSatisfaction with use of radio and TV, code A02ad03h
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: TV watching.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:4%, 4:7%, 5:15%, 6:17%, 7:20%, 8:20%, 9:8%, 10:5%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2123

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.1  M = 6.2             +0.9
top 3:  M = 6.9  M = 6.0             +0.9 
top 5:  M = 6.7  M = 5.5             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 470, Others: 8-0 N=1634
Top 3: 10-8 N=1072, Others: 7-0 N=1051
Top 5: 10-6 N=1668, Others: 5-0 N= 455


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with reading
Subject code: A02ad03i

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with reading (i.e. books, magazines)
Page in Source 344
Our classificationSatisfaction with reading, code A02ad03i
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: reading (books, magazines).
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:3%, 4:3%, 5:7%, 6:12%, 7:15%, 8:24%, 9:17%, 10:15%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2115

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.2  M = 7.2             +1.0
top 3:  M = 7.9  M = 6.9             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.7  M = 6.3             +1.4
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 495, Others: 8-0 N=1621
Top 3: 10-8 N=1074, Others: 7-0 N=1042
Top 5: 10-6 N=1667, Others: 5-0 N= 448


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with repairing
Subject code: A02ad03j

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with repairs
Page in Source 309
Our classificationSatisfaction with repairing, code A02ad03j
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: repairs on house, dwelling, car, and 
gardenwork.
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:2%, 2:5%, 3:6%, 4:9%, 5:16%, 6:15%, 7:18%, 8:18%, 9:7%, 10:3%, DKNA:*%
Remarks
N=1382.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.0  M = 5.8             +1.2 
top 3:  M = 6.7  M = 5.4             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 6.4  M = 4.9             +1.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 330, Others: 8-0 N=1052
Top 3: 10-8 N= 729, Others: 7-0 N= 653
Top 5: 10-6 N=1098, Others: 5-0 N= 284


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with shopping
Subject code: A02ad03k

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with shopping
Page in Source 304
Our classificationSatisfaction with shopping, code A02ad03k
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: shopping .
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:2%, 2:5%, 3:6%, 4:9%, 5:16%, 6:15%, 7:18%, 8:15%, 9:8%, 10:4%
Remarks
N=1911.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.0  M = 5.7             +1.3 
top 3:  M = 6.6  M = 5.6             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 6.4  M = 4.6             +1.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 457, Others: 8-0 N=1454
Top 3: 10-8 N= 994, Others: 7-0 N= 917
Top 5: 10-6 N=1516, Others: 5-0 N= 395


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with socializing
Subject code: A02ad03l

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with church, religious or spirirual partcipation
Page in Source 343
Our classificationSatisfaction with socializing, code A02ad03l
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: participation in church, religious or 
spiritual meetings.
Observed distributionN= 0:6%, 1:6%, 2:6%, 3:5%, 4:8%, 5:12%, 6:11%, 7:13%, 8:12%, 9:7%, 10:7%, DKNA:7%
Remarks
N=1005

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 6.4  M = 5.2             +1.2
top 3:  M = 6.0  M = 4.9             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 5.8  M = 4.5             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 263, Others: 8-0 N= 741
Top 3: 10-8 N= 551, Others: 7-0 N= 454
Top 5: 10-6 N= 809, Others: 5-0 N= 196


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with socializing
Subject code: A02ad03l

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sociability with friends
Page in Source 336
Our classificationSatisfaction with socializing, code A02ad03l
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: sociabilty with friends or acquitances.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:4%, 6:5%, 7:10%, 8:26%, 9:28%, 10:23%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2106

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.1  M = 8.0             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.6             +0.5 
top 5:  M = 8.6  M = 7.0             +1.6
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 496, Others: 8-0 N=1610
Top 3: 10-8 N=1080, Others: 7-0 N=1026
Top 5: 10-6 N=1673, Others: 5-0 N= 433


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with socializing
Subject code: A02ad03l

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sociablilty with family members
Page in Source 337
Our classificationSatisfaction with socializing, code A02ad03l
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: sociabilty with family members.
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:2%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:6%, 6:6%, 7:10%, 8:24%, 9:22%, 10:25%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2072

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.3             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 6.6             +1.7
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 489, Others: 8-0 N=1583
Top 3: 10-8 N=1057, Others: 7-0 N=1015
Top 5: 10-6 N=1639, Others: 5-0 N= 433


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with socializing
Subject code: A02ad03l

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with helping friends, neighbours, family
Page in Source 340
Our classificationSatisfaction with socializing, code A02ad03l
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: helping with friends, neighbours or family.
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:2%, 3:3%, 4:3%, 5:11%, 6:14%, 7:19%, 8:26%, 9:13%, 10:7%, DKNA:2%
Remarks
N=2063

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 6.7             +1.2
top 3:  M = 7.5  M = 6.4             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 7.2  M = 6.0             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 483, Others: 8-0 N=1580
Top 3: 10-8 N=1052, Others: 7-0 N=1012
Top 5: 10-6 N=1634, Others: 5-0 N= 430


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with socializing
Subject code: A02ad03l

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with voluntairy activities (i.e societies, social se
Page in Source 341
Our classificationSatisfaction with socializing, code A02ad03l
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: voluntary activities (i.e. societies, 
social services).
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:4%, 4:3%, 5:8%, 6:12%, 7:17%, 8:21%, 9:15%, 10:10%, DKNA:6%
Remarks
N=1092

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 6.7             +1.2
top 3:  M = 7.6  M = 6.3             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 7.3  M = 6.0             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 290, Others: 8-0 N= 802
Top 3: 10-8 N= 612, Others: 7-0 N= 479
Top 5: 10-6 N= 886, Others: 5-0 N= 205


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with socializing
Subject code: A02ad03l

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with participation in civil initiatves, parties, loc
Page in Source 342
Our classificationSatisfaction with socializing, code A02ad03l
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: participation in civil initiatives, parties 
or local politics.
Observed distributionN= 0:7%, 1:5%, 2:5%, 3:10%, 4:5%, 5:11%, 6:11%, 7:17%, 8:11%, 9:4%, 10:3%, DKNA:12%
Remarks
N=485

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 5.9  M = 5.0             +0.9
top 3:  M = 5.5  M = 4.8             +0.7 
top 5:  M = 5.3  M = 4.4             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 122, Others: 8-0 N= 362
Top 3: 10-8 N= 279, Others: 7-0 N= 206
Top 5: 10-6 N= 402, Others: 5-0 N=  83


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time spend on disliked activities
Subject code: A02ad04

StudyChassie & Bhagat (1980): study US 1978
TitleRole Stress in Working Women: Differential Effect on Selected Organizational Outcomes.
SourceGroup & Organizational Studies, 1980, Vol. 5, 224 - 233
URLhttp://gom.sagepub.com/content/5/2/224.full.pdf
PublicWorking women, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =115

Correlate
Author's labelRole stress
Page in Source 228 + 230
Our classificationTime spend on disliked activities, code A02ad04
Operationalization
The absolute differences between actual
time allocation in eight relevant roles
and preferred time allocation for these
roles. The roles being: employee, volunteer, wife, 
mother, housekeeper, 
student, committee member, leisure time
pursuer (see also Anrews & Farris, 1972)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aDM=-
High stress:   Mt=5.6
Low  stress:   Mt=6.6
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.20
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-arpc=-.20
Controlled for organizational commitment
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-arpc=-.17
Controlled for total job satsifaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Time spend on disliked activities
Subject code: A02ad04

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelTime spent in disliked activities
Page in Source 212
Our classificationTime spend on disliked activities, code A02ad04
Operationalization
Selfreport on single questions about
a: disliked activities
b: amount of time spent doing these things

Scores added in an index

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.18 p < . 01


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aaSelfreport on 8 questions:

..how frequent one experienced in the past few weeks..
A happy
B satisfied
C contented
D cheerful
E sorry
F sad
G depressed
H dissatisfied

Rated for applicability:
4 definitively
3 slightly
2 slightly not
1 definitively not

Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H)

Name: Hedonic Tone (HT) subscale of UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 12 questions:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements concerning your feelings during the last week?
A My time has been filled with things meaningful to me
B I have felt liked
C I have felt nervouys
D I have felt tense
E I have felt down
F I have felt I have much to look forward to
G I have felt harmony
H I have felt emotionally stable
I I have felt sad
J I have felt impatient and restless
K I have felt anoyed
L I have felt lighthearted

Rated:
4 completely agree
3 partly agree
2 partly disagree
1 completely disagree

Computation: (A+B+F+G+H+L) - (C+D+E+I+J+K)
Possible range -18 to +18. Transformed to range 0-100

Name: Swedish Health-Related Quality of Life Survey (SWED-QUAL) Part 4 'Your feelings'
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how is your general mood these days....?"
1 bad almost all the time
2
3
4
5 good almost all the time"
A-AOL-mi-mqr-v-4-aSelf report on repeated questions (experience sampling)

How happy did you feel at the moment you were beeped?
0 not happy
1 probably not happy
2 probably happy
3 happy
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question text messaged 5 times a day

How do you feel right now?
0 very positive
:
:
:
:
100 very negative
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-bSelfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)

"On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
Definitely 'blue'
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aSelfreport on single question repeated several times a day.

" .. mood .."
Full lead question not reported
7 happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 sad
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A Particularly interested in or excited about something
B Pleased about having accomplished something
C On top of the world
D Pity for some people you know
E Helpless, with no control over situations
F Bored
G Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
H Angry about something that usually wouldn't bother you

Rating options:
0 never
1 once
2 several times
3 often



Summation: Factorially derived clusters:
A+B+C+D (Enhancement)
E+F+G+H (Discomfort)
Affect Balance Score: Enhancement minus Discomfort.

Possible range: + 16 to - 16

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A very lonely
B restless
C bored
D depressed
E on top of the world
F exited or interested
G pleased about accomplishment
H proud

Answer options:
1 never
2 once
3 several times
4 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aSelfreport of momentary mood on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much you feel that emotion RIGHT NOW.
A worry
B affection
C anger
D joy
E sadness
F guilt
G contentment
H pride

1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 extremely intense

Computation: (B+D+G+H) - (A+C+E+F) / 8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance' DRM format
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

".......satisfaction with life........."
(full question not reported)

Responses scored pictorial faces scale consisting on several
smilies, expressing variations from very unhappy to very happy.
(Pictures not presented here)
1 unhappy face
2
3
4 neutral face
5
6
7 happy face
(Pictures not presented here)

Name: Kunin's `Faces Scale'
M-AO-c-mq-*-110-aSelf report on 21 questions:

A Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days?
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the past few weeks:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 25 questions

A 20-item PANAS
To what extend do you feel this way right now in your life?
Aa nervous
Ab distressed
Ac afraid
Ad jittery
Ae irritable
Af upset
Ag scared
Ah exiled
Ai ashamed
Aj guilty
Ak hostile
Al active
Am determined
An inspired
Ao enthusiastic
Ap alert
Aq attentive
Ar proud
As strong
At interested

B 5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener)
Ba In most ways my life is close to ideal
Bb The conditions of my life are excellent
Bc I am satisfied with my life
Bd So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
Be If I could live my life over, I would change nothing

Answer options:
1 not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 very much

Computation: (Aa +..Ak) - (Al+.. At) + (Ba+ …Be)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-AO-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

We want to know how you feel. Please indicate on the scale below.
10 means that you are doing well, 0 means that you are doing badly
10 you are doing well
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 doing badly
M-FH-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... how happy you feel ....."
(full question not reported)
1
2
3
4
5

Scale labels not reported
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied do you feel about your life as a whole...?"
8 delighted
7 very pleased
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed feelings
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about the good and bad things in your life, which of the answers best describes your life-as-a-whole?
1 as bas as can be
2 very bad
3 bad
4 allright
5 good
6 very good
7 as good as can be
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:


"overall happiness.."(full question not reported
10 my life is very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 my life is very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....?
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 pretty happy
4 not too happy
3 a bit unhappy
2 pretty unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how happy would you say you are?
1 not happy at all
2 not too happy
3 happy
4 very happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How have things been going for you during the past 4 weeks?
4 very well
3 pretty good
3 good and bad parts about equal
2 pretty bad
1 bad
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bSelf report on single question:

.. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported)
10 very satisfied

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

"All in all, how satisfied are you with your life these days.....?"
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general? Indicate your satisfaction by giving a number between 0 and 10, where 0 means 'completely dissatisfied' and 10 'completely satisfied'. So, the more satisfied you are the higher the number.
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eSelfreport on single question

In general, how satisfied are you with your life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aaSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Would you way that you are....?
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naSelfreport on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know
- no answers

Numerical scale reversed
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question;

How satisfied or unsatisfied were you last week with your life in general?
Please answer this question below by drawing a cross on the line

_________________________________________
completely completely

Scoring: mm on this 100 mm line
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SQL-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how would you rate your own quality of life today on a scale of 1 to 10?
1 very poor
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 excellent
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how do you judge your quality of life?
4 very satisfactory
3 sufficiently satisfactory
2 not too satisfactory
1 unsatisfactory
- don't know
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Please rate your satisfaction with your quality of life
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-aSelfreport on 2 questions

A Happiness
B Life-satisfaction

Texts not reported

Summation: A+B
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A. " Dissatisfied" and "Unhappy" responses on the Block (1961) Adjective Rating List.

B. Overall happiness. Single direct question: "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .......?"
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. Present-year score on Life-Evaluation Chart, ranging from:
1 low
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 high


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
t.t-STATISTIC (Student's t-statistic)
Type: symmetric standard test statistic.
One parameter: n (= number of degrees of freedom (df) ; range df: [1; + infinite)
Range for t: unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is the ratio of a difference between a statistic and its expected value under the null hypothesis and its (estimated) standard error with n degrees of freedom.
The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)L03ac02Specific leisure activities
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)O01OCCUPATION
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)T01adCurrent time-usage
A02aa01Earlier activity patternT04aa01Earlier travel
A02aa02Change in activity patternT04aa02Change in travel
A02aa02Change in activity patternR03RETIREMENT
A02aa03Later activity patternT04aa03Later travel
A02acSpecific activitiesM13adMood in situations
A02ac01EatingN10acAttitudes to one's nutrition
A02ac02FestivitiesM13ad01Mood during festivities
A02ac03LeisureM13ad03Mood during leisure
A02ac03LeisureL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
A02ac03LeisureL03ac02Specific leisure activities
A02ac04RepairingA02ac11aHousehold work
A02ac04RepairingH14ab01Involvement with household work
A02ac04RepairingL03ac02eHobbies
A02ac05ShoppingL03ac02hShopping
A02ac07SocializingA02ac07Socializing
A02ac07SocializingF06acCurrent contacts with friends
A02ac07SocializingS06ac03Satisfaction with personal contacts
A02ac08StudyingS01adAttitudes to school
A02ac08StudyingS01ab01aInvolved in schooling or not
A02ac09SportingA02ac09Sporting
A02ac09SportingS12ab01Active involvement in sports
A02ac10TravelingL03ac02jTraveling
A02ac10TravelingT04abCurrent travel
A02ac11WorkingW06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)
A02ac11WorkingW05WORK: ATTITUDES
A02ac11WorkingW04WORK: CONDITIONS
A02ac11WorkingW03WORK: CAREER
A02ac11aHousehold workH14abCurrent household-work
A02ac11bPaid workW05adCurrent satisfaction with work
A02ac11bPaid workE02abCurrent employment status
A02ac11cVoluntary work, helping peopleH11HELPING
A02ac11cVoluntary work, helping peopleM13ad07Mood when helping
A02ac11cVoluntary work, helping peopleS07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS
A02ac11cVoluntary work, helping peopleS11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED
A02ac11dWork activitiesW01WAR
A02ac11dWork activitiesT01ad07Time spend on work tasks
A02ad02Satisfaction with activity-patternL01LANGUAGE
A02ad03fSatisfaction with out-door activitiesL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
A02ad04Time spend on disliked activitiesL04ad01Single domain evaluations

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings