Subject classification

Main subjects Bibliography

ASTUDY of HAPPINESS
BCONCEPT of HAPPINESS
CMEASUREMENT of HAPPINESS
DPREVALENCE of HAPPINESS
ECORRELATION of HAPPINESS and LOCATION
FCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and SOCIETY
GCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and SOCIAL STATUS
HCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and INTIMATE TIES
ICORRELATION of HAPPINESS and CAPABILITIES
JCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and PERSONALITY
KCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and PREFERENCES
LCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and BEHAVIOR: What happy people do
MCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and HAPPENINGS
NCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and LIFE HISTORY
OCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and SATISFACTIONS
PDETERMINANTS OF HAPPINESS
QCONSEQUENCES of HAPPINESS: Effects of enjoying life or not
RPURSUIT of HAPPINESS
SVIEWS ON ONE'S OWN HAPPINESS (beliefs about happines, not actual happiness)
TVIEWS ON HAPPINESS IN PUBLIC OPINION: Sociology of happiness ideas
UVIEWS ON HAPPINESS IN PHILOSOPHY

ASTUDY of HAPPINESS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  3
AaDevelopment of happiness research29
Aa01Prominence of happiness as a research topic27
AbProblems in the study of happiness3
AcQuestions and approaches15
AdRelevance39
AeReviews of the literature on happiness184
Ae01Bibliographies15
AfMethods used in happiness research (other than cross-sections)14
Af01Cross national studies on happiness1459
Af02Experimental studies on happiness322
Af03Longitudinal studies on happiness485
Af03.01Follow-up of individuals956
Af03.02Trend in categories294
Af04Meta-analysis75
Af04.01Methods in meta-analysis of happiness150
Af05Multi-level studies on happiness68
Af06Multi-moment assessment of happiness55
Af06.01Experience sampling (ESM)101
Af06.02Day reconstruction moment (DRM)44
Af07Qualitative studies on happiness94
Af08Instrumental variable analysis1
AgResearch infrastructure for happiness0
Ag01Data sets5
Ag02Findings archive11
Ag03Research organizations involved with happiness1
AhPublics: some much studied populations3
Ah01Happiness in age-groups11
Ah01.01In children53
Ah01.01.01Infants32
Ah01.01.02Pre-school children9
Ah01.01.03Basic school children82
Ah01.01.04High school pupils, adolescents408
Ah01.01.05Children with disabilities4
Ah01.02In young adults45
Ah01.03In middle aged people24
Ah01.04In elderly people1202
Ah02Happiness in non-modern people25
Ah03Happiness in patients5
Ah03.01Alcoholics1
Ah04Happiness in students536
Ah05Happiness in twins39
Ah06Happiness in unemployed people1
Ah07Happiness in working people0
AiTopics in the study of happiness1
Ai01Allocation efficiency; difference in happiness of people with random preference pattern1
Ai01.01Environmental efficiency of wellbeing2
Ai02Contingencies6
Ai03Difference in effects on happy/unhappy people1
Ai04Financial equivalence69
Ai05Happiness in history9
Ai06Inequality of happiness63
Ai07Similarity in happiness1
BCONCEPT of HAPPINESS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  21
BaProblems of conceptualizing happiness7
BbMeanings of the word happiness24
Bb01Meanings in common language38
Bb02Meanings in scientific language79
Bb03Children's concepts of happiness3
BcDefinition of happiness13
BdAspects of happiness12
Bd01Components of happiness70
Bd02Variable aspects of happiness9
Bd02.01Appropriateness3
Bd02.02Certainty0
Bd02.03Stability0
BeDifference with wider notions of wellbeing42
CMEASUREMENT of HAPPINESS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  14
CaReviews of literature on measurement of happiness2
Ca01Reviews of measures used in particular populations (place, time, people)2
CbMeasurability of happiness39
Cb01Validity of happiness measurements37
Cb01.01Validity doubts1
Cb01.01.01Do people distinguish between happiness and related matters?2
Cb01.01.02Do people know their true happiness?7
Cb01.01.03Do people respond to questions about happiness3
Cb01.01.04Do people report honestly about their happiness?34
Cb01.01.05How do people interpret questions on happiness?1
Cb01.01.06Is happiness sufficiently stable?4
Cb01.02Can happiness indicators be validated?10
Cb02Reliability of happiness measurements34
Cb02.01Sources of bias0
Cb02.01.01Anonymity1
Cb02.01.02Contextual bias30
Cb02.01.03Conversational bias3
Cb02.01.04Day of the week9
Cb02.01.05Effects of follow-up interviews1
Cb02.01.06Effect of weather during interview8
Cb02.01.07Interviewer bias6
Cb02.01.08Method effects34
Cb02.01.09Mood state bias3
Cb02.01.10Response shift1
Cb02.01.11Response style bias15
Cb02.01.12Retrospective bias2
Cb02.02Correction of bias6
Cb03Comparability of happiness measurements11
Cb03.01Comparability across measures4
Cb03.01.01Techniques for improving comparability17
Cb03.02Comparison across populations0
Cb03.02.01Comparison across nations/languages81
Cb03.02.02Comparison across persons12
Cb03.02.03Comparison over time4
Cb04Measurement problems5
Cb04.01Cardinal treatment of ordinal measurement2
Cb04.02Scalability5
Cb04.03Single questions1
Cb04.04Representativeness0
Cb04.04.01Selectivity in non-response to questions about happiness5
Cb04.04.02Selectivity in panel drop-out1
Cb04.04.03Imputation of missing cases1
Cb04.05Response behavior2
Cb04.05.01Answer time1
CcMeasures of overall happiness26
Cc01Self-report on direct questions19
Cc01.01Closed questions24
Cc01.01.01Content of questions3
Cc01.01.02Rating scales29
Cc01.01.03Repeated questions1
Cc01.01.04Time-frame of questions4
Cc01.02Open questions5
Cc01.02.01Life chart4
Cc01.02.02Focused interview4
Cc01.02.03Sentence completion0
Cc02Self-report on indirect questioning10
Cc02.01Enjoyed activities3
Cc02.02Memory balance1
Cc02.03Projective measures8
Cc02.04Semantic differential scales2
Cc02.05Summed satisfaction with life aspects65
Cc03Content-analysis of ego-documents1
Cc04Rating by others27
CdMeasures of hedonic level16
Cd01Self-report on direct questions0
Cd01.01Questions on how one generally feels7
Cd01.02Repeated questions on mood of the moment34
Cd02Self-report on indirect questions1
Cd02.01Average of specific affects3
Cd02.02Balance of positive and negative affect58
Cd02.03Projective indicators3
Cd02.04Time happy/unhappy2
Cd03Rating by others49
Cd03.01Rating of mood from face/voice4
Cd03.02Rating of mood from word use3
CeMeasures of contentment3
Ce01Self-report0
Ce01.01Self-report on direct question5
Ce01.02Self-report on indirect questions7
Ce02Rating by others6
CfMixed measures of happiness19
Cf01Self-report0
Cf01.01Single direct questions2
Cf01.02Multiple direct questions27
Cf01.03Focused interview1
Cf01.04Self-report on indirect questions4
Cf02Rating by others11
CgCorrespondence of happiness ratings19
Cg01Affect-contentment configuration14
Cg02Factor structure of happiness inventories96
Cg03Intercorrelations between happiness indicators144
ChAggregate measures of happiness in collectivities6
Ch01Average happiness2
Ch02Happy Life Years16
Ch03Inequality in happiness16
Ch04Inequality-adjusted happiness6
Ch05Time unhappy2
CiDerived measures (at individual level)2
Ci01Happy life years11
Ci02Stability of happiness0
Ci03Thriving/suffering1
CjIndicators of public mood6
Cj01Hedonic tone in public communications6
CkMeasures of life appraisals other than happiness0
Ck01Multiple questions involving invalid ones17
Ck01.01Adjustment scales48
Ck01.02Health related quality-of-life62
Ck01.03Morale in old age44
Ck01.04Use of anti-depressives1
ClPhenomenology of happiness29
CmUses of happiness measures4
CnMeasures of happiness RECODE5
DPREVALENCE of HAPPINESS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  8
DaDo people evaluate their life?7
Da01Do people have an idea of happiness?4
Da02Certainty of happiness0
DbAre people typically positive about their life?28
DcHow stable is happiness?87
Dc01How permanent are happiness judgments?104
Dc02In what conditions the most stable?22
Dc03Is stability better than instability?2
DdDivergence in components of happiness3
DeLevel of happiness: how happy are people?5
De01In places0
De01.01World11
De01.02Parts of the world50
De01.03Nations558
De01.03.01Stability of nation ranking1
De01.04Regions126
De01.05Cities51
De01.06Quarters2
De02In publics in nations15
De02.01Happiness in age groups in nations0
De02.01.01Happiness of children in nations13
De02.01.02Happiness of adolescents in nations14
De02.01.03Happiness in young adults in nations0
De02.01.04Happiness of working aged people in nations7
De02.01.05Happiness of elderly in nations12
De02.02Happiness of ethnic groups in nations10
De02.03Happiness in males/females5
De03Most/least happy types in nations1
DfInequality of happiness: how different?0
Df01Inequality of happiness in nations2
Df02Inequality of happiness in regions4
Df03Inequality of happiness in publics2
DgHow long and happy do people live?17
Dg01Happy life years in places0
Dg02Happy life years in publics0
Dg03Happy life years over time1
DhDoes happiness change over time?6
Dh01Trend of happiness in places26
Dh01.01Trend in national happiness429
Dh01.02Trend in regional happiness47
Dh01.03Trend happiness in cities9
Dh02Trend happiness in publics22
Dh02.01Trend happiness in males and females13
Dh02.02Trend happiness in age groups21
Dh02.03Trend happiness among unemployed3
Dh02.04Trend happiness in ethnic groups9
Dh02.05Trend in marital categories4
Dh02.06Trend in socio-economic strata5
Dh02.07Ttrend among working people0
Dh03Trend in conditions for happiness21
Dh04Trend inequality in happiness7
Dh04.01Trend inequality in happiness across nations2
Dh04.02Trend inequality of happiness within nations10
Dh04.02.01Trend difference in inequality within nations across nations2
Dh04.03Trend inequality of happiness in publics3
Dh05Happiness in historical times2
ECORRELATION of HAPPINESS and LOCATION 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  7
EaHappiness and natural environment11
Ea01Climate/Season35
Ea01.01Summer/winter time3
Ea01.02Variability of weather conditions0
Ea01.03Temperature1
Ea02Nature13
Ea02.01Scenic beauty5
Ea02.02Urban green6
Ea03Pollution31
Ea04Sustainability3
EbHappiness and built environment8
Eb01Housing11
Eb01.01Architecture1
Eb02Urbanity6
Eb02.01Compactness1
Eb02.02Size of the town18
Eb02.03Sub-urban2
Eb02.04Urban/rural62
Eb02.05Remoteness1
EcHappiness in local society28
Ec01Local economy2
Ec01.01Local economic growth1
Ec01.02Local income difference17
Ec01.03Openness of local economy1
Ec01.04Local prosperity19
Ec01.05Local unemployment5
Ec01.06Local social enterprises0
Ec02Local facilities15
Ec02.01Local health care1
Ec02.02Local water supply2
Ec02.03Local transport2
Ec02.03.01Local traffic jams1
Ec02.04Distance to local facilities2
Ec03Local health1
Ec04Local segregation3
Ec05Local social ties1
Ec06Local stressors14
Ec06.01Industry0
Ec06.01.01Renewable energy plants1
Ec06.02Tourism1
Ec06.03Noise1
Ec06.04Crime1
EdNeighborhood69
Ed01Ethnic homogeneity2
Ed02Neighborhood income0
EeHappiness and region42
Ee01Cohesion in region0
Ee01.01Ethnic diversity in region1
Ee01.01.01Migrants in region0
Ee01.02Regional social capital1
Ee02Culture in region0
Ee02.01Religiousness in region1
Ee03Demography in region0
Ee03.01Regional marriage rate1
Ee03.02Regional migrant rate2
Ee03.03Regional population density1
Ee04Economy in the region2
Ee04.01Regional economic growth2
Ee04.02Regional economic innovation3
Ee04.03Regional economic prosperity4
Ee04.04Regional income differences7
Ee04.05Regional poverty rate1
Ee04.06Regional investment2
Ee04.07Regional price level1
Ee04.08Regional tourism1
Ee04.09Regional unemployment rate8
Ee05Environment in the region5
Ee05.01Regional eco-energy1
Ee06Government in region1
Ee06.01Regional decentralization1
Ee07Livability of region0
Ee07.01Health in region0
Ee07.02Obesity in region1
Ee07.03Regional suicide rate0
Ee08Personality in region2
Ee09Politics in region0
Ee09.01Regional democracy5
Ee10Public goods in region0
Ee10.01Regional amenities2
Ee10.02Regional social security1
Ee11Relational pattern in region0
Ee12Safety in region0
Ee12.01Regional crime rate7
Ee13Regional difference in correlates of happiness0
FCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and SOCIETY 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  16
FaHappiness and kind of society71
Fa01Joint macro social effects13
Fa01.01Kinds of effect1
Fa01.02Macro level models1
Fa02Conditions for happiness in nations: how universal?11
Fa02.01Differences in conditions for happiness86
Fa02.01.01Outer conditions6
Fa02.01.02Inner conditions13
Fa02.02Differences in ways of evaluating life21
Fa03Institutional quality3
Fa04Social problems4
FbChange in society41
Fb01Social progress5
FcCohesion in nation27
Fc01Civic organization3
Fc01.01Charity3
Fc02Common events1
Fc03Conflict3
Fc04Homogeneity5
Fc05Minority problems1
Fc06Nationalism2
Fc07Trust28
FdCulture in the nation55
Fd01Attitudes1
Fd01.01Alienation4
Fd01.02Happiness attitude0
Fd01.02.01Fear of happiness0
Fd01.02.02Preference for happiness0
Fd01.03Pessimism3
Fd02Cultural diversity4
Fd03Individualism/collectivism44
Fd04Meaning1
Fd05Morality2
Fd06Religiousness24
Fd07Values16
Fd07.01Autonomy5
Fd07.02Competitiveness1
Fd07.03Family values1
Fd07.04Hedonism9
Fd07.05Materialism4
Fd07.06Work values1
FeDemography in the nation2
Fe01Age composition0
Fe02Birth pattern7
Fe02.01Birth control2
Fe03E/immigration5
Fe04Genetic composition/distance3
Fe05Life expectancy0
Fe06Population density0
Fe07Racial composition0
FfEconomy in the nation56
Ff01Affluence160
Ff02Economic growth/decline124
Ff02.01Consumer confidence3
Ff02.02Stock market prices2
Ff03Economic regime (Capitalism)12
Ff04Entrepreneurial climate2
Ff05Equivalent income0
Ff06Inflation14
Ff07Price level1
Ff08Sustainability of the system2
Ff08.01Pollution0
Ff08.02Sustainable energy0
Ff09Tax regime4
Ff09.01Tax compliance1
Ff10Trade unions4
Ff11Unemployment rate38
Ff12Working conditions0
Ff12.01Job protection7
Ff12.02Retirement age2
Ff12.03Self employed2
Ff12.04Work hours8
FgInequality in the nation5
Fg01Inequality of happiness18
Fg01.01Differences across nations6
Fg01.02Trends over time8
Fg02Inequality of incomes67
Fg03Inequality between sexes (women emancipation)18
Fg04Inequality in social prestige12
Fg05Social mobility0
FhFreedom in the nation9
Fh01Economic freedom15
Fh02Political freedom15
Fh03Private freedom9
FiGovernment in nation6
Fi01Centralization5
Fi02Corruption9
Fi03Quality of government21
Fi04Size of government22
FjPosition of the nation8
Fj01External threats12
Fj01.01Involvement in war4
Fj01.02Success in war0
Fj02Comparative quality-of-life4
Fj02.01QOL in neighboring countries2
Fj03Foreign aid2
Fj04Involvement in global society6
Fj05Reputation of country of origin2
Fj06Relative wealth of nation3
Fj07Tourist visits to country1
FkKnowledge in nation2
Fk01Education10
Fk02IQ9
FlLife style in the nation1
Fl01Art of living in nations1
Fl02Consumption2
Fl02.01Alcohol use0
Fl02.02Smoking2
Fl03Pace of life2
Fl04Sports2
FmLaw in the nation1
Fm01Legal system0
Fm02Property rights1
Fm03Rule of law1
FnModernity of the nation94
FoNature in nation2
FpPersonality in nation14
Fp01Competitiveness4
Fp02Conformism in nation1
Fp03Openness1
Fp04Tightness1
FqPolitics in the nation20
Fq01Democracy24
Fq02Political change0
Fq03Ruling ideology/party1
Fq04Unrest1
FrPublic goods in the nation2
Fr01Child care4
Fr02Maternity leave1
Fr03Mental health care1
Fr04Pension system2
Fr05Social security61
FsRelational patterns in nation23
Fs01Divorce rate2
Fs02Family values3
Fs03Households0
Fs04Public life1
Fs05Sex life1
Fs05.01Acceptance of homo-sex1
FtSafety in the nation6
Ft01Crime rate1
Ft02Disasters1
FuSize of the nation3
FvTime regime1
FwFurther indicators of livability of society12
Fw01Anthropometric indicators0
Fw02Mental health7
Fw02.01Depression1
Fw02.01.01Use of anti-depressives1
Fw03Physical health5
Fw03.01Pain0
Fw04Public mood0
Fw05Suicide9
Fw06Time spend in unpleasant activities1
GCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and SOCIAL STATUS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  68
GaJoint effects51
GbGender 155
Gb01Inter sex0
Gb02Transgender1
GcAge 210
Gc01Ageing129
Gc02Chronological age50
Gc03Young-old difference in happiness3
GdMinority status42
Gd01Ethnicity125
Gd02Homeless2
Gd03Migrants207
Gd03.01Expats2
Gd04Sexual orientation0
Gd04.01Homosexuals18
Gd05Transsexuals0
GeIncome/poverty/wealth470
Ge01Debts5
Ge02Possessions6
Ge03Source of income3
Ge03.01Pensions, savings0
Ge03.02Social security1
Ge03.03Work0
GfEducation 120
GgOccupational prestige9
GhSocial rank25
Gh01Own rank adults8
Gh01.01Actual rank26
Gh01.02Rank mobility25
Gh01.03Rank consistence3
Gh02Rank of family of origin2
Gh02.01Of adults0
Gh02.02Of children2
GiHappiness and social roles25
Gi01Leadership5
Gi02Role discrepancies11
Gi03Gender roles58
Gi03.01Androgynous0
HCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and INTIMATE TIES 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  24
HaJoint effects23
Ha01Theories about happiness and intimate ties34
Ha02Network characteristics8
HbHappiness and Children10
Hb01Having children92
Hb01.01Adoption of child0
Hb01.02Birth of children30
Hb01.02.01Pregnancy3
Hb01.03Childlessness48
Hb01.04Number of children13
Hb01.05Kind of children0
Hb01.05.01Adopted children0
Hb01.05.02Adult children2
Hb01.05.03Foster children6
Hb01.05.04Grand children4
Hb01.05.05Step children1
Hb01.06Leaving home of children14
Hb01.07Planning of children0
Hb01.07.01unplanned child0
Hb01.07.02use of contraception0
Hb02Contacts with children27
Hb02.01Contact of adult children with parents1
Hb02.02Custody of divorced parents1
Hb02.03Frequency of contact2
Hb02.04Quality of contact10
Hb03Characteristics of children17
Hb03.01Age of children2
Hb03.02Family situation of children33
Hb03.03Wellbeing of children19
HcHappiness and Family2
Hc01Characteristics of kin1
Hc02Loss of an intimate1
Hc03Single parent8
HdHappiness and Household7
Hd01Living alone or not7
Hd02Family household12
Hd02.01Nuclear household0
Hd02.02One parent family9
Hd02.03Extended family household6
Hd03Non-family household1
Hd03.01Communal households1
Hd03.02Institutional living91
Hd03.02.01Cloister1
Hd03.02.02Jail3
Hd03.02.03Nursing home1
Hd03.02.04Orphanage1
Hd03.02.05Shelter1
Hd03.03Child care1
Hd04Household size3
Hd05Homeless5
HeHappiness and Love Life9
He01Sex life55
HfHappiness and Marriage26
Hf01Marital status115
Hf01.01Currently married (vs. all unmarried people)35
Hf01.01.01Cohabit11
Hf01.01.02Living apart together (LAT)2
Hf01.02Formerly married0
Hf01.02.01Separation/divorce57
Hf01.02.02Widowhood39
Hf01.03Remarriage9
Hf01.04Single0
Hf01.04.01Lifelong singles15
Hf01.04.02Young singles1
Hf02Happiness and kind of marriage6
Hf02.01Characteristics of the bond44
Hf02.01.01Family life cycle12
Hf02.01.02Shared household work0
Hf02.02Characteristics of the spouse72
Hf02.02.01Unemployment of spouse2
Hf02.02.02Well-being of spouse2
Hf02.02.03Similarity in wellbeing of spouces1
Hf02.03Polygamy4
Hf02.04Working wife/mother31
HgHappiness and Social Support59
Hg01Effects of social support44
Hg01.01On happiness84
Hg01.02Loss of social support1
Hg01.02.01Migration of intimates1
Hg01.03On further indicators of well-being12
Hg02Care givers65
Hg03Home care2
HhHappiness and Social Participation56
Hh01Theories about effect of social involvement9
Hh02Participation with ..20
Hh02.01Friends52
Hh02.02Relatives21
Hh02.03Organizations18
Hh02.04Overall participation17
Hh03Participation of ..5
Hh03.01In age groups1
Hh03.01.01Young adults1
Hh03.01.02Elderly151
Hh03.02Widowers4
Hh03.03Singles0
Hh03.04Handicapped6
Hh03.05Adolescents4
Hh03.06Unemployed1
Hh03.07Students2
Hh04Loneliness39
Hh05Weak ties1
HiHappiness and Pets7
ICORRELATION of HAPPINESS and CAPABILITIES 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  23
IaJoint effects19
Ia01Apparent efficiency in using resources1
Ia02Effects of personal resources14
Ia03Effects of all personal characteristics3
IbHappiness and physical health65
Ib01General health24
Ib01.01Self-perceived87
Ib01.02Physician-rated8
Ib02Longevity85
Ib03Particular health defects210
Ib03.01Pain1
Ib04Physical handicaps139
Ib05Physical characteristics21
Ib05.01Androgens1
Ib05.02Appearance15
Ib05.03Blood pressure4
Ib05.04Brain2
Ib05.05Cortisol level2
Ib05.06Genes8
Ib05.07Height6
Ib05.08Menstruation1
Ib05.09Menopause6
Ib05.10Strength3
Ib05.11Weight39
Ib06Health Care19
Ib06.01Hospitalization8
Ib06.02Treatments108
Ib06.02.01Medication2
Ib06.02.02Sex-reassigment1
Ib07Suicide/self-harm16
Ib08Dying23
IcHappiness and mental health23
Ic01Theories3
Ic02Mental defects: negative mental health57
Ic02.01General impairment score24
Ic02.02Specific mental defects34
Ic02.02.01Addiction1
Ic02.02.02ADHD1
Ic02.02.03Anhedonia1
Ic02.02.04Anxiety6
Ic02.02.05Autism1
Ic02.02.06Burnout3
Ic02.02.07Compulsive disorder1
Ic02.02.08Defensiveness3
Ic02.02.09Dementia2
Ic02.02.10Dependency1
Ic02.02.11Depression28
Ic02.02.12Eating disorder2
Ic02.02.13Forgetful2
Ic02.02.14Gender dysphoria0
Ic02.02.15Neuroticism7
Ic02.02.16Psycho-somatic defects4
Ic02.02.17Rumination2
Ic02.02.18Schizophrenia16
Ic02.02.19Stressed0
Ic02.02.20Vulnerable1
Ic02.03Psychotherapy123
Ic02.03.01Anti-depressive drugs10
Ic03Mental strength: positive mental health31
Ic03.01Energy/Activity18
Ic03.02General effectiveness scores13
Ic03.02.01Psycho social development17
Ic03.02.02Self-actualization11
Ic03.02.03Self-efficacy10
Ic03.02.04Self direction1
Ic03.03Specific strong points12
Ic03.03.01Creativity11
Ic03.03.02Identity14
Ic03.03.03Perceived meaningfulness55
Ic03.03.04Pro-active1
Ic03.03.05Resilience4
Ic03.03.06Self esteem49
Ic03.03.07Sense of coherence9
Ic03.03.08Use of strengths2
Ic03.03.09Vitality1
Ic03.03.10Wisdom10
Ic03.03.11Zest0
Ic04Specific abilities5
Ic04.01Cognitive abilities41
Ic04.01.01Command of language3
Ic04.01.02IQ17
Ic04.01.03Gifted6
Ic04.01.04Retarded, demented7
Ic04.02Emotional intelligence30
Ic04.03Employability1
Ic04.04Humorous1
Ic04.05Social abilities14
IdAbility to function in daily life10
IeArt of living34
Ie01Hedonic capacity9
IfNon-western notions of health1
If01Ayurveda Prakrti (Traditional Indian philosophy)1
JCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and PERSONALITY 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  192
JaPersonality development3
JbPersonality organization2
Jb01Complexity8
Jb02Consistency3
JcPersonality traits144
Jc01Activity2
Jc01.01Flow Experience8
Jc02Alienation4
Jc03Anxiety1
Jc03.01Fear of failure0
Jc04Autoritarian2
Jc05Awareness1
Jc05.01Mindfulness8
Jc05.02Mood awareness16
Jc05.03Self-reflection1
Jc06Cognitive style3
Jc07Conscientious2
Jc08Emotionality25
Jc08.01Mood variability4
Jc08.02Emotional expressiveness1
Jc08.03Emotional differentiation1
Jc09Extraversion31
Jc10Genuine0
Jc11Individualism14
Jc12Involvement3
Jc13Maximizing1
Jc14Openness5
Jc14.01Self-disclosure7
Jc14.02Openness to experience1
Jc15Optimism/Positivity47
Jc15.01Nostalgia1
Jc16Risk orientation9
Jc17Perceived fate control133
Jc17.01Sense of power1
Jc18Pleasure seeking7
Jc19Sociability2
Jc19.01Attachment style4
Jc19.02Forgiveness10
Jc19.03Gratitude22
Jc19.04Kindness7
Jc19.05Reciprocity1
Jc19.06Belonging, sense of1
Jc20Sensation seeking3
Jc21Superficial1
Jc22Time orientation32
Jc23Rigidity1
JdCoping style116
Jd01Coping with unhappiness2
Jd02Coping with confrict0
JeSelf-concept90
Je01Group identification0
Je02Narcisicm2
Je03Self presentation2
JfSelf control1
Jf01Mood control11
JgMorality1
JhHumor8
JiMorning/evening type2
KCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and PREFERENCES 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  2
KaMotivation5
Ka01Achievement motivation6
Ka02Envious1
KbGoals34
Kb01Having goals22
Kb01.01Having aspirations4
Kb01.02Having life goals14
Kb02Object of goals55
Kb02.01Object of aspirations13
Kb02.01.01Migration aspiration1
Kb02.02Object of life goals29
Kb03Realization of goals30
Kb03.01Perceived realization34
Kb03.02Actual goal realization6
Kb03.03Goal adjustment4
Kb04Kind of goals12
Kb04.01Approach/avoidance2
Kb04.02Authenticity of goals12
Kb04.03Behavioral relevance4
Kb04.04Clarity of goals5
Kb04.05Conventionality of aims0
Kb04.06Difficulty of goals2
Kb04.07Diversity2
Kb04.08Flexibility3
Kb04.09Internal consistency of set4
Kb04.10Meaning of goals4
Kb04.11Realism of goals1
Kb04.12Time span of goals2
KcValues20
Kc01Ethical values61
Kc01.01Hedonic values26
Kc01.02Materialist values82
Kc01.03Individualism values4
Kc01.04Social values1
Kc01.04.01Family values1
Kc02Political values32
Kc02.01Political extremism7
Kc02.02Political conservatism10
Kc02.03Party preference8
Kc02.04Attitude to political issues2
Kc03Work values7
Kc04Value environment fit18
Kc05Living up to one's values6
KdReligion107
Kd01Religiousness147
Kd02Religious denomination13
Kd03Religious practices4
KeAttitudes47
Ke01Attitudes to freedom1
Ke01.01Perceived freedom2
Ke02Attitudes to the future0
Ke02.01Expected income1
Ke02.02Perceived improvement of one's life3
Ke02.03Hope42
Ke03Attitude to one's own happiness10
Ke04Attitudes to life issues3
Ke04.01Attitudes to death3
Ke04.02Meaning in life15
Ke04.03Wish to live1
Ke05Attitudes to society2
Ke05.01Attitude to competition2
Ke05.02Attitudes to the economy1
Ke05.03Attitude to entitlements1
Ke05.04Attitude to environmental protection1
Ke05.05Attitudes to inequality8
Ke05.06Attitude to modernity3
Ke05.07Attitude to nation1
Ke05.08Attitudes to political issues3
Ke06Attitude to local environment4
Ke06.01Attitudes to community1
Ke07Attitude to nature2
Ke08Attitudes to people0
Ke08.01Attitudes to women2
Ke08.02Trust in people15
Ke08.03Hero attachment1
Ke09Attitudes to work3
Ke10Attitudes to school1
Ke11Attitudes to safety1
KfBeliefs19
Kf01Belief in afterlife1
Kf02Beliefs about happiness25
Kf02.01Perceived sources of happiness22
Kf02.02Accuracy of perception of effect on happiness1
Kf02.03Perceived happiness of others1
Kf02.04Perceived relative happiness1
Kf02.05Perceived variability of happiness1
Kf03Belief in Just World9
Kf04Belief in social progress1
Kf05Perceived corruption in country0
KgWorries12
Kg01Problems2
Kg02Perceived discrimination3
Kg03Fear of crime3
KhConventionality of outlook13
LCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and BEHAVIOR: What happy people do 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  11
LaHappiness and Activity level46
La01Creative behavior2
LbHappiness and Consumption76
Lb01Degree0
Lb02Experience/material consumption2
Lb03Food25
Lb04Gambling1
Lb05Ideological consumption0
Lb05.01Green consumption1
Lb05.02Contested consumption0
Lb06Luxury3
Lb07Possessions11
Lb07.01Housing15
Lb07.01.01Energy1
Lb07.02Car4
Lb08Savings/insurances12
Lb09Stimulants74
Lb09.01Alcohol4
Lb09.02Drugs3
Lb09.03Tobacco2
LcHappiness and Choice2
LdHappiness and Heath Behavior39
Ld01Sleep26
Ld02Self-harm1
LeHappiness and Leisure83
Le01Hobbies1
Le01.01Artistic activities4
Le01.02Gardening2
Le02Media use2
Le02.01Internet, social media43
Le02.02Music listening2
Le02.03Reading2
Le02.04TV watching37
Le03Outdoor activities1
Le03.01Attendance of cultural events4
Le03.02Cinema1
Le04Socializing0
Le05Sporting122
Le06Vacationing29
Le06.01Holiday travel10
Le07Engagement in new leisure activities2
LfHappiness and Political Behavior3
Lf01Political participation9
Lf02Voting2
LgHappiness and Pro-social Behavior3
Lg01Deviant behavior12
Lg02Ecological behavior3
Lg03Giving21
Lg04Helping behavior1
Lg05Tax evasion1
LhHappiness and Study8
Lh01Kind of school6
Lh02School characteristics13
Lh03School grade3
Lh04School involvement3
Lh05School success14
LiHappiness and Time use57
LjHappiness and Work28
Lj01Ability to work9
Lj02Having work55
Lj02.01Unemployed197
Lj02.02Retired107
Lj02.03Working (married) women88
Lj02.04Part time work20
Lj03Want for work11
Lj03.01Job searching5
Lj04Work involvement6
Lj04.01Absence from work1
Lj04.02Turnover4
Lj05Kind of work24
Lj05.01Occupation60
Lj05.02Sector0
Lj05.02.01Public/private sector3
Lj05.03Unpaid work0
Lj05.03.01Childcare0
Lj05.03.02Housework25
Lj05.03.03Voluntary work36
Lj06Work attitudes12
Lj07Work conditions123
Lj07.01Flex-work12
Lj07.02Formal/informal employment0
Lj07.03Job security7
Lj07.04Self employed19
Lj07.05Shift work1
Lj07.06Telework3
Lj08Work/family conflict38
Lj09Work performance10
Lj10Working time1
Lj10.01Commuting17
Lj10.02Working hours33
LkHappiness and risk behavior6
LlHappiness and mental training8
LmHappiness and Life-Style-Type18
Lm01Ways to pursue happiness3
LnHappiness and travel behavior0
MCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and HAPPENINGS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  163
MaCollective events1
Ma01Disaster28
Ma02Economic events2
Ma03Festivities7
Ma04Political events7
Ma05Time change1
Ma06War10
Ma06.01Terrorist attack3
MbIndividual life events5
Mb01Minor daily event25
Mb01.01Disturbing interruptions2
Mb01.02Time pressure2
Mb01.03Uplifts2
Mb02Mayor life events100
Mb02.01Accident12
Mb02.02Bereavement4
Mb02.03Divorce1
Mb02.04Financial good/bad luck1
Mb02.04.01Lottery winning11
Mb02.05Job change1
Mb02.05.01Job loss0
Mb02.06Migration (to other country)27
Mb02.07Military service1
Mb02.08Move (change house within country))13
Mb02.09Retirement7
Mb02.10School drop-out1
Mb02.11Victim of crime13
Mb02.12Victim of bullying6
McExperiences3
Mc01Extra-ordinary states of consciousness4
Mc02Moving experiences4
Mc03Stress of events1
Mc04Reminiscences of events1
MdPredictability of life events2
NCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and LIFE HISTORY 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  6
NaHappiness and Earlier Living Conditions13
Na01Conditions in childhood40
Na01.01Intimate environment65
Na01.01.01Birth order1
Na01.01.02Foster child1
Na01.01.03Happiness of parents1
Na01.01.04Lived in an institution2
Na01.01.05Single parent1
Na01.01.06Only child1
Na01.02Social status11
Na01.03Society2
Na01.03.01Country of origin0
Na02Conditions in adulthood3
Na02.01Intimate network19
Na02.02Social status1
Na02.03Society0
Na02.04Work5
Na03Earlier intimate environment5
NbHappiness and Life Course46
NcHappiness and Earlier Personal Characteristics7
Nc01Earlier appreciations1
Nc02Earlier health4
Nc03Earlier intelligence2
Nc04Earlier life style4
Nc05Earlier mental effectiveness2
Nc06Earlier personality7
Nc07Earlier preferences0
Nc08Earlier values1
NdHappiness and Life change/event54
NeHappiness over the Life Course37
Ne01Remembered happiness in the past77
Ne01.01Five years ago9
Ne01.02Happiness in youth26
Ne01.03Happiest period in life24
Ne02Expected happiness in the future88
Ne03Perceived changes in happiness62
Ne04Difference between earlier expected and currently experienced happiness2
Ne05Life review12
Ne05.01Life regrets4
Ne05.02Life suffering1
OCORRELATION of HAPPINESS and SATISFACTIONS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  31
OaAppraisals of life other than happiness6
Oa01Enjoyment1
Oa02Satisfaction with everything1
ObSatisfaction with aspects of life5
OcSatisfaction with domains of life138
Oc01Satisfaction with care4
Oc02Satisfaction with consumption7
Oc02.01Satisfaction with food1
Oc03Satisfaction with health3
Oc04Satisfaction with income12
Oc05Satisfaction with intimate relations48
Oc06Satisfaction with leisure17
Oc07Satisfaction with living environment25
Oc08Satisfaction with oneself1
Oc08.01Satisfaction with one's appearance0
Oc09Satisfaction with safety1
Oc10Satisfaction with one's social position5
Oc11Satisfaction with school9
Oc12Satisfaction with society11
Oc13Satisfaction with spiritual life5
Oc14Satisfaction with work134
OdStructure of satisfactions0
Od01Balance across domains2
Od02Hierarchy of the correspondence with happiness: Which domain satisfactions correspond most with happiness?72
OeSummed domain satisfactions2
Oe01Weighted vs unweighted sum-scores12
PDETERMINANTS OF HAPPINESS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  5
PaOverview of theories74
PbDeterminants of hedonic level6
Pb01Overview of theories31
Pb02Need gratification theory26
Pb02.01Evidence for need theory2
Pb03Perceived fit theory (Cognitive theory of pleasant affect)3
Pb03.01Value/behavior fit1
Pb03.02Self-environment fit9
Pb04Do positive and negative affects vary independently?60
Pb05Physiological basis of hedonic experience27
Pb05.01Neural mechanisms12
Pb05.02Are there temperamental differences in pleasure proneness?4
Pb05.03Human/animal similarities11
Pb05.04Genetic correlates4
PcDeterminants of contentment14
Pc01Review of theories50
Pc02Which standards of comparison?27
Pc02.01Which comparison levels?3
Pc02.02What are the most current standards?2
Pc03How do comparison standards develop?9
Pc03.01How do comparison levels develop?1
Pc04Determinants of success in meeting standards1
Pc04.01Perceptions of success in meeting standards2
Pc05Evidence for comparison theory84
PdStriking the balance of life27
Pd01The mental calculus: How do we assess how happy we are?23
Pd01.01Problems in reconstructing the evaluation of life3
Pd02Mental processes18
Pd02.01Comparison8
Pd02.01.01Which is most decisive?4
Pd02.01.02When hedonic level most decisive, when contentment?8
Pd02.02Integrate appraisals0
Pd02.02.01Cognitive and affective appraisals11
Pd02.02.02Life aspect/domain satisfactions14
Pd02.02.03Past, present and future2
Pd02.02.04Pleasures and pains5
Pd02.03Reflect an attitude14
Pd02.03.01Is happiness a trait?55
Pd02.04Further calculative strategies of the mind3
Pd03Factors affecting the overall evaluation34
Pd03.01Contextual effects4
Pd03.02Heuristics4
Pd03.02.01Rose colored outlook12
Pd03.02.02Defensive bias2
Pd03.02.03Peak/end effects1
Pd03.03Homeostatic mechanisms10
Pd03.04Loss aversion5
Pd03.05Social models and pressures3
PeDevelopment of happiness4
Pe01Adaptation45
Pe02Development of attitude towards life4
PfPromotive conditions14
Pf01Causal models53
Pf02Difference in conditions for happiness12
Pf02.01Across nations6
Pf02.02Within nations29
Pf02.02.01Difference across happiness levels0
Pf02.02.02Differences across personality types5
Pf02.03Difference in determinants of affective and cognitive components of happiness22
Pf03Optimal degree of conditions0
Pf03.01(non)-linearity of statistical association1
Pf04Relative impact10
Pf05Size of environmental effect5
PgFurther issues0
Pg01Heritability of happiness57
Pg02How universal is happiness?16
Pg03Why low correlations?26
QCONSEQUENCES of HAPPINESS: Effects of enjoying life or not 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  64
QaProblems in assessing happiness effects5
QbEffects on conditions for happiness0
Qb01Differences in effects of happiness0
Qb01.01Cultural difference in effects of happiness2
Qb01.02Difference in effects of happiness within nations3
Qb01.03Difference in effects of afffective and cognitieve component0
Qb01.04Relative impact of happiness and unhappiness1
QcEffect on environment5
Qc01Effects on society17
Qc01.01Effects on economy1
Qc01.02Effects on peace0
Qc01.03Effects on sustainability1
Qc02Effects on social bonds21
Qc02.01On intimates personally3
Qc02.02On relations with intimates14
Qc02.03On colleagues2
QdEffects on oneself19
Qd01Effects on behavior1
Qd01.01Effects on choice1
Qd01.02Consumer behavior1
Qd01.02.01Frugality1
Qd01.03Ecological behavior0
Qd01.04Health behavior2
Qd01.05Migration3
Qd01.06Moral behavior21
Qd01.06.01Effects on giving1
Qd01.07Political behavior6
Qd01.08Response behavior1
Qd01.09Risk behavior3
Qd01.10Social participation7
Qd01.10.01Volunteer work2
Qd01.10.02Helping1
Qd02Effects on cognition24
Qd02.01Perception/Retrospection7
Qd02.02Reference1
Qd02.03Satisfactions5
Qd02.04Self-focus1
Qd02.05Trust in people0
Qd03Effects on health5
Qd03.01Effects on physical health119
Qd03.01.01Fertility5
Qd03.01.02Survival17
Qd03.02Effects on mental health28
Qd04Effects on life change2
Qd05Effects on motivation1
Qd06Effects on performance23
Qd06.01Activity4
Qd06.02Earning6
Qd06.03Learning8
Qd06.04Work44
Qd07Effects on personality development3
Qd08Effects on preferences14
Qd08.01Effects on materialism1
Qd09Various effects14
QeFunctions of (un)happiness24
Qe01Functions of overall happiness22
Qe02Functions of hedonic level17
Qe02.01Functions of affective experience8
Qe02.02Functions of pleasantness in affect9
Qe02.03Functions of awareness of overall hedonic level0
Qe02.04Optimal ratio of positive and negative affect1
Qe03Functions of contentment2
Qe04Dysfunction of happiness4
Qe04.01Dysfunction of making up one's mind0
Qe04.02Dysfunction of judging life positively1
Qe05Can one be too happy?11
RPURSUIT of HAPPINESS 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  16
RaDo people seek happiness?16
Ra01Pleasure as general force in motivation3
Ra02Happiness as an individual goal5
Ra02.01What people seek happiness?1
Ra02.02What people do to get happier3
Ra03Happiness as a public goal2
RbIs happiness feasible?5
Rb01Is lasting happiness possible?3
Rb02Can we be happy most of our life?0
Rb03Can we get happier than we are?1
RcCan happiness be promoted?58
Rc01Are people not too different?1
Rc02Can happiness be learned?29
Rc03Is happiness not too relative?69
Rc04Is happiness a trait?16
Rc05Are improvements of any consequences?1
Rc06Which improvements promise most effect?1
Rc07Will brain manipulation yield happiness?2
Rc08Is pursuit of happiness self-defeating?16
RdShould happiness be promoted?25
Rd01Is happiness something good in itself (a virtue)?11
Rd02How much happiness is optimal?1
Rd03Isn't experiential happiness 'false' happiness?16
Rd04Does promotion of happiness come at the cost of other valued matters?3
Rd05What happiness most important?1
RePolicy implications73
Re01Analysis of effects on happiness58
Re01.01Cost-benefit analysis and policy evaluation8
Re01.02Micro-simulation1
Re02Recommended policies32
Re02.01Community1
Re02.02Economy9
Re02.02.01Income, wealth4
Re02.02.02Taxation3
Re02.02.03Welfare3
Re02.02.04Work3
Re02.03Education4
Re02.04Environment7
Re02.05Family3
Re02.05.01Childcare0
Re02.06Foreign aid0
Re02.07Health care3
Re02.07.01Medical technology1
Re02.07.02Mental health care4
Re02.08Law0
Re02.09Value climate3
Re03Observed effects on happiness of policy on11
Re03.01Economy0
Re03.01.01Expropriation1
Re03.01.02Home-ownership2
Re03.01.03Taxation4
Re03.01.04Welfare8
Re03.01.05Work5
Re03.02Family2
Re03.02.01Child care policy6
Re03.03Foreign aid2
Re03.04Health care1
Re03.04.01Mental health care1
Re03.04.02Reduction of smoking, drinking2
Re03.05Justice2
Re04Role of government19
RfInterventions at individual level37
Rf01Activation programs29
Rf02Coping with illness0
Rf03Happiness lessons in school10
Rf04Happiness monitoring7
Rf05Lifestyle advise, life coaching8
Rf06Life review therapy5
Rf07Meditation4
Rf08Psychological training/therapy91
Rf09Relation therapy2
Rf10Self help15
Rf11Services1
Rf12Spiritual encounter3
Rf13Support groups3
Rf14Workfare1
RgImplications for private choice6
RhTechnical tools1
SVIEWS ON ONE'S OWN HAPPINESS (beliefs about happines, not actual happiness) 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  14
SaPerceived change in one's happiness5
SbPerceived comparative happiness13
ScPerceived control over one's happiness1
SdPerceived entitled happiness (How happy one ought to be)0
SePerceived ideal happiness for oneself: most desirable degree6
Se01Difference between ideal and real happiness1
SfPerceived importance of own happiness8
SgPerceived reputation of happiness5
ShPrediction of one's own happiness7
SiPerceived Sources of one's own happiness287
Si01Accuracy of perception36
Si02Difference expected and remembered happiness0
Si03Difference expected and experienced happiness4
Si04Difference between expected happiness and choice1
SjPerceived Stability of one's own happiness1
SkReported Ways to pursue happiness15
TVIEWS ON HAPPINESS IN PUBLIC OPINION: Sociology of happiness ideas 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  4
TaAdvice on happiness8
TbAttitudes to happiness8
Tb01Ideological connotations of the term "happiness"1
Tb02Moral appreciation of happiness21
Tb02.01Expert opinions32
Tb02.02Public opinion40
Tb03Preference for happiness5
Tb04Pressure to be/act happy1
TcBeliefs about happiness13
Tc01Myths about happiness17
Tc02Perceived Level of happiness6
Tc02.01In the past6
Tc02.02In the present8
Tc02.02.01Of people in general13
Tc02.02.02Of compatriots10
Tc02.02.03Of people in other countries/regions8
Tc02.02.04Perceived livability of nations4
Tc02.02.05Of social categories43
Tc02.02.06Of intimates6
Tc02.03In the future10
Tc02.04Attribution of happiness level7
Tc03Perceived sources of happiness: Concepts of the good life49
Tc03.01Expert opinion42
Tc03.02Public opinion54
Tc03.03Attribution of causal effects5
Tc04Perceived consequences of happiness2
TdCultural variations in views on happiness46
Td01Western vs. Non-Western countries23
Td02Rise of the western happiness ideas41
Td03Trend hedonic tone in public communications1
TeInterest in happiness6
Te01Use of the word happiness2
Te02Web search on happiness0
Te03Prominence in public discourse5
Te04Perceptiveness for happiness1
TfModels of happiness0
Tf01Models in advertisement2
Tf02Models in counseling20
Tf03Models in fiction33
Tf04Models in proverbs1
Tf05Models in religion1
Tf06Models in social media1
Tf07Models in teaching1
TgUses of happiness concepts8
Tg01Symbolic use1
Tg02Normative use8
Tg03Analytic use0
Tg03.01Use for inferring preferences0
Tg04Political use1
Tg04.01Policy aims6
ThCommunication of happiness1
UVIEWS ON HAPPINESS IN PHILOSOPHY 
CodeDescriptionNumber of Publications
  20
UaConcepts of happiness39
Ua01Objective vs. Subjective concepts17
Ua02Mixed concepts: enjoying life while 9
Ua02.01Being well-informed11
Ua02.02Being morally sound5
Ua02.03Living up to common standards1
Ua02.04Thriving, actualizing5
Ua02.05Seeing meaning0
Ua03Specific views on happiness3
Ua03.01Happiness as affective experience20
Ua03.02Happiness as a cognitive appraisal18
Ua03.03Happiness as an attitude14
Ua04Short-term vs long-term happiness0
Ua05Difference with folk concept1
Ua06Difference with other notions of well-being0
UbHistory of philosophical thought15
Ub01Classics16
Ub02Contemporary12
UcMethodology3
Uc01Analysis of meanings of the word21
Uc02Analysis of (history) of ideas2
Uc03Empirical support for ideas11
UdSchools of thought51
Ud01Epicureanism1
Ud02Eudaimonism18
Ud03Hedonism1
Ud04Utilitarianism54
UeTopics in philosophy of happiness0
Ue01Conditions for happiness10
Ue02Control over one's happiness3
Ue03Critics of empirical happiness research15
Ue04Paradoxes of happiness10
Ue05Possibility of happiness1
Ue06Self-judgment of happiness6
Ue06.01Do people judge their life at all?1
Ue06.02How do people make judgment?3
Ue06.03How rational?6
Ue06.04Role of narrative0
Ue07Utility of happiness11
Ue07.01As a guide in private choice10
Ue07.02As a guide in public choice50
Ue08Value of happiness50
Ue08.01Is happiness mere contentment?0
Ue08.02Is happiness the final end?5
Ue08.03Are there 'higher' and 'lower' kinds of happiness?3
Ue08.04Priority for the least happy?1